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Baronet: of Ratton . 

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H I S T O R Y 



F O R T H E 

Year One Thoufand Seven Hundred 
and Forty* 


Impartial Accounts and Accurate 
Abstracts of the moft valuable 
Books publifhed in Great-Britain 
and Foreign Parts. 


Dissertations on fevcral curious and enter- 
taining Subjeds, Critical Refledions, and 
Memoirs of the moft eminent Writers in 
all Branches of polite Literature. 

Vol. II. 


Printed for Jacob Robinsont, at the Golden'^ 
Lion in LudgaU-Street. m d c c xl. 

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' /*'•.' 

r r '. 

y 8 


• Y J * ' i *-*:.* 

if- 1 

t., .:i 

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O F T H E 


For J U L Y, 174.0. 

Article l 

N the Hifiory of the Works of th 
Le^rned^ for January this Year, I 
printed an anonymous Letter, con. 
taining Corredlions of (bme fuppofcd 
Errors in a late Edition oi Gorboduc. 
I was then utterly unacquainted with my Corre- 
fpondent ; but in a later Epiffle he has been pleafed 
to inform me bt his Name and Chara<fter, and I 
caii now. tell the Public, that we are indebted for 
thofe, as well as ' the following Remarks j to the 
Reverend Mr. Caltony of, Marton^ near Gainsh- 
rough in Lincoln/hire. There is a Circumftancc^ 
of which it is neccflary I fliould take notice, in or- 
der to the Reader's underftanding the Introduction 
of the cnfuing Animadvcrfions: And this is, that 
an Alteration was made in the Beginning of Mn 
Calton^s firft Paper, publifhed in January^ before I 
fcnt it to the Prefs. That an Alteration was hiade, 

B was 

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2 TbeWoKKS of f be Lie AK^ED* Art. i; 

was fo far from difpleafing Mr. CaltoH^ that he 
thanked me on account of ic : But he was not fb 
well fatisfied with, the ma/iner of it; thinking, that 
what was infcrtcd, inftead of fome Words that it was 
judged proper to omit, rendered that Period a 
feeming Contradi^ion ; as he figniiied to me in a 
Letter of March the 22d, 1739-40. I have al- 
ready apologized to Mr. CaUon upon this Head^ 
and the leader has no further Concern with the 
Matter, than to know the Faft, that fo he may, 
as I fa id, underftand the firft Paragraph of the en^ 
fuing Criticifm. I did not make the Alteration here 
fpoken of, but I was the Caufe of its being made j 
and if any thing in it were amifs, the Cenfure 
ought to r.eft upon m^, who Ihould have taken no- 
tice of, and amended it, when I revifed the Proof 
of that Article. I have only this to offer in Exte- 
nuation of my Negleft, that as neceffary Avoca- 
tions fometimes leave me not at lerfure for infpefting 
Things of this Nature with all the Care I might 
otherwife employ, fo, in the prefent Cafe, I had all 
the Reafon in the World to believe, that litttle dr 
nothing of that kind was requifite on my Parti 

To the Author of the Works of the 

WHilft I am endeavouring to clear the Pror 
du£lion of another Man from the Corrup- 
tions of Scribes and Printers, you'll allow me, I 
hope, to have fome critical Charity in referve for 
what I have a nearer Intercft in, my own. There is 
fomething in the Beginning of my late printed Let- 
ter to you, which I cannot own to be mine. It 
was liard upon me, to make me fay, tKat 1 was 
^Jfured of the corrupt State of the Copy^ from which 
this Edition of Gorhduc was takeo, when 1 had 


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Art. I. For J U I. Y, 1740. 3 

immediately before declared myfelf entirely at a 
Ipfs where to charge the Errors of the Edirion, 
whether ppon the Copy or the Printer : I doubt, 
itioft People that read this, will uke itco be a Con« 

Inftead, therefore^ .of ■■ •* But I am 

*' affured the old Copy itfdf is ftill more incorreS^ 
** in many Places unimel%iblc : *Tis Pity fo many 
*« intolerable Errors Ihould be fufFered to ftand un- 
** corre5led 5 and therefore I (hall remark on fome 
** of them, in order to a' ^orteSer Edition.'* Read^ 

"^ua caufa indigna ferenos 

Foedaifit vultus ? aut eur b^c vulnera arno ? 

ViRG. ^n. ii. 285, 

Such Queftions 1 muft refer to thole that are bet-, 
ter prepared to anfwer- thesi^i^ and if I can but clear 
the Face, the firems vultuS of this Play (which 
Words admirably exprefs the Charafter of the 
Compofltion) from fome of the Filth and Soil that 
lies upon it^ I fball not much miitd when, or by 
whofe means it came there. 

The firft Fault, that muft undergo my Cenfurc 
in this fecond Survey of the Text of this Tragedy^ 
will proves I doubt, the Author's own. 

A& I. Sc. I. P. f . 

^heflow Aurare^ that ft) for Love^ or Shame, 
Doth long delay to fieiji; her bluftiing Face. 

For Love of whom ? Of good old I'ithoms^ to bd 
fure, from whofe Bed fhe rifeth, in the Poets, eve- 
ry Morning. Behold here the beautiful Aurora^ 
ever frcih and fair, leaving the cold withered Em- 
braces of Old Age immortalized, with Reludance^ 

af^ long delaying to fhew her blufhing Face* 

An excellent Example diis, for young and gay 
B a Female* 

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4 72^ Works oftBeLBAK;nED. Art i. 

Females to follow, that have old Men for their 
Hu(band$. But, fuppofing her to be fond of TV- 
tbonush Bed, the Affection was chafle and virtu- 
ous *, and what Caufe was there then for Shame? 
Why muft a guilty Blujb fpread itfelf over her 
Face, as if flic was juft rifen out of the Arms, not 
of a Hulbind, but a Paramour ? 

Spenfer had not fo good an Opinion of Jurora^s 
conjugal Love, for he makes her 

^ Weary of aged Tithon'j faffron Bed. 

Fairy Qu. B.I. Cant. 11. St. 7. 

See alfo Ovid'j Ep. Phaedr. Hypp. Ver. 93. 

Clarus cratjilvis Cepbalus — » ■ 

Uat ad bunc fapiem a fene Diva viro. 

The Mountain Hymettm was the famed Scene of 
her Amours with this young and * lufty Hunter 5 
thither the Goddefs haftened from the Bed of old 
Titbonus^ to the Pleafures* of a guilty Love 5 and 
confefTed her Crime by her Blujbes. 

De/ere, Pbcshus ait^ thalamos Jurora feniles. 

^id juvat effosto procubuijfe toro ? 
75? manei jEolides vi'ridi venator in herbi: 

Surge^ tuos ignes altus Hymettus babet. 
Flava verecundo Dea crimen in ore fatctuf j 

£t matutinos ocyus urget equos. 

Thefe excellent Lines are Milton^s. Fid. Eleg. 
Quint. In Adventum Veris. 

i?ut, perhaps, the noble Author did not defign 
we fliould connedt for Love^ or Sbame^ - 

with —— . doth long delay. — - but with 


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Art. I, For JULY, 1740. 5 

Blujhes. — If that was his Meaning, the Words 
Iho^ld have been difpofcd thus: ■ 

^e flow Aurore, ibaf dothfo long delay^ 

To fiewber blufiing Face for Love^ or Shame. 

Aft I. Sc. 11. P. 7. 
T^en for their Guiding and their Governance^ 
Shew forth fucb — - Means of Circumftance. 

There wants fome Word of two Syllables to fill 
up the Verfc j and a more fit and proper one I can- 
not tninif of, than ^hooful. 

Sbeiv forth fucb 'hooful Means of Circumfiance. 

We have behoof ul^ P. 9. in jiroftui\ Anfwer to this 
Part of Gorbodui^^ Speech, 

ff^at further Means behooful are and meet. 

Aft II. Sc. 11. P. 25. 
Mjl tfOrd^ yet ere you now qnkindly war. 

What is unkindly ? An Adverb ? No ; it is an 
Adjedive, agreeing with fFar^ which is a Sub- 
ftantive, not a Verb. There is unkindly fFrong^ 
unkindly Tenderncfs, unkindly SJubbornnefs^ P. 10, 

II. P. 22. in cruel and unkindly mk. P. 

31. And with unkindly PFar. 

Unkindly may feem, at firft view, to be an Ad- 
verb in the following Paflage, P. 3, but it is not, 
it is fin AdjeAive there : ' 

But tbee of Birth right and of Heritage^ 
Caufelefsy unkindly, and in wrongful tvife^ 
jfgainfi all Law and Ri^ht be will bereave. 

B 3 /. e. He, 

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6 TbeWoRKS(fibehEAKJ^ED. Art, i. 

/. e. He, having no Caufe, and being unkindly^ 
or without natural AfFedtion to thee, will bereave 
thee of thy Right. If War^ then, be a Subflan- 
tive, and unkindly an Adjefcivc agreeing with it, 
a Verb is wanting, and a very little Change will 
make us one out of now. We may read, 

2>( ere you move War. 

There is Bellum movere in Latin Authors, and 
kifgii; (Tcpu is a Greek Phrafe, that I happen to have 
juft now before me in EaripideSy Fragm. p. 467. 
Ed. Barn. 

But, perhaps the original Ledlion may be re- 
ftored by an eafier Emendation, prefixing only a 
fingle Letter to the Word now : 

^ -^ Tet ere you know unkindly War. 

To know War is the fame as yndory-eiv vroA^f/.ovj 
decernere Bellum^ xo r^folve upon fFar : Or, to 
know unkindly War, may fignify, (aceording to the 
ufualSenfeofthe Word know) to feel and experi- 
ence the Miferies of an unnatural War. 

Aft. JII. Sc. I. P. 29. 

Tet^ d ye Gods, if ever woful King , 

Migiit move you Kings of KingSy wrekeit on me. 

In the late Edition \i is King of Kings ; but that 
is a flight Error: I wilh it was no Error, and that 
Gorboduc had invocitted, not the Gods at large, 
but the Supreme Jt^iur, to whom this Title pro- 
perly belongs, ^ , .. 


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4rt. !• For j \J L Y, 1740. 

Tef, highcft Qod, if ever ivoful King 
Might movf thee King of Kings — — 

So the ^ karned Mufe of this noble Poet ought to 
have written it. 

All the Gods are fl "AmxTg^, in Gretk Au- 
thors; and their Tanplo, the royal Houfca of 
their Kinglhips, are calkd 'Atdtxlopa* But the 
Qod? at large are never ftiled "AwkTg^ dyaicfditv. 
Kings were fuppofcd to be under the peculiar Pre- 
fidency of Jupiter ; from him alone they^ were 
thought to derive their Power, and to be fabjeft to 
Jiis parcicHlar Infpeftion in the Exercife of it 5 and 
therefore the Title of King of Kin^s could be given 
pnly to him. 

Ex iTi ^lOX BAXIAHES^ ^ 

C^LL. Hymn, in Jovcm, V. y6. 

Regum timendorum in proprios greges^ 
Reges in ipfos imperium eft Jovis. 

HoR. Od.III. V. 


The Title, then, of King of Kings, which my Cor- 
reftion makes Gorbodtic give to Jupiter^ is very 
proper, and agreeable to the Senfe of the An- 

* See the Vcrfes to Lord Buckhurft^ among thofe prefixed 
by Bfhifir to his tair^ ^ein : 

Whofe learned Mufc bath <writ her mxjn Record 
In golden Verfe^ W9rtby immortal Fame, 
ipAffltXTif • oi 3-i9i* xAt 'AfdKTQfA^ Tt£ tifvi. Said, in Voc. "AvacitTtc. 
The Latin Verfiort 6i Kuftert Edition gives us Cdiftor and Pol- 
"lux for oi 'Siof in the Qrec^f as if none of the Gods were 
AfjLzris, but thefe. 

B 4 cients; 

Did^tized by VjOOQIC 

8 Tie Works of the Learned. Art. i. 
cients } but it is newy I believe, and without Ex- 
ample in their Writings, where "Ara^ dvdxrwp 
is only ufed to cxprefs the fuprcme Royalty of Ju- 
piter over the inferior Gods, or'AmxTg?, and is 
equivalent to ®^o<: ^fZv^ or God of Gods. Vidd 
Span. Namifm. Vol.1. P.465. 

JMfdain^ faith he^ of bis Inheritance 

utrms him to wreke the great pretended fFron^y 

With civil Sword J upon bis Brother* s Life. 

'Rtzdj—^Difdainj faith be^ of bis Difheritance. 
i. c. Difdain^ that he was deprived of one half of 
that Kingdom, which was his by Birth-right. 

See P. 20. 7be loathed Wrong of your Di(heritanc«. 
After I had made this Corrcftion, I met with a 
Line in Spenfer^ which (hews that the prefent Read- 
ing may be right; 

jind evermore the Carle of Courtefy accused. 

Fairy ^ IB. 3. Cant. 9. St. 12. 
The Senfe muft be, accused him of Difcourtify^ 
faith the learned Remarkcr. See Remarks on Spen- 
fer, P. %^. 

Aft IV. Sc. I. P. 37. 

Of favage Beafls might not the Slaughter ferve 
7o feed thy greedy Willy and in the midft 
Of their Entrails to ftain thy deadly Hands 
With Blood deferv'd, and drink thereof thy Fill? 
Or if nought elfe but Deathy and Blood of Man 
Mougbt pleafe thy Luji^ could none in Britain Land^ 
Whofe Heart be torn out of his loving Breaft 
With thine own Hand^ or work what Death thou 

Suffice to make a Sacrifice /* appeafe 
"That deadly Mind 9 and murderous Thought in thee ? 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Aft;. For ] V L Y, 1740, 9 

I*or defirv^dy in the fourth Line, read defiry. In 
the fevcnth and eighth Lines, correfl: be iorn^ by 
uniting again what the Printer had wrongfully divi- 
ded ; For loving^ read livings and for work^ warkt j 
and make the two Lines a Parenthcfis : 

(Whofe Heart betorn ouf of bis * living Breafi 
With thine own Handy or workt n»ba^ Death thm ' 
' would' fi.^ 

Aft V. Sc, 11. Y.SS^ 
A rutbeful Cafe^^ that thofe whom Duty bounds 
ffHoom grafted Law by Nature, Trntby and Faiths 
Bound to preferve their Country^ and their King, 
Born to defend their Common- wealth, and Prince, 

UHsom grafted Law by Nature, ^^r^ A Comma is 
Wanting zittv Law ; for Nature doth not graft %. 
flie produceth. only a wild Stock, and Art improves 
upon it by grafting. I have a Jealoufy, that 
fome former Publilher was mifled, by the Want of 
this Comma, to attempt a Corrcftion of his Copy, 
and ' make the Words Duty and Nature change 
Places. Law grafted by Duty (which perhaps Was 
the Lcftion of his Copy,) was eafily feen to be Non- 
fenfe \ but Law grafted by Nature hath a better 
Look, and might pafs with Readers enow unfuf- 
pefted, I add the Comma, and reftore each Word 
to its original Place, thus : ■ 

A rutbeful Cafe, that thofe whom Nature bound, 
JFhom grafted Laws, by Duty, X^utb, and Faith. 

By Nature, is meant the Law of Nature ; by the 

grafted Law, political Inftitutipn^ ai:e meant, and 

' the Improvements of Civil Society, which arc 

grafted upon the Law of Nature. Duty is put here 

^ Protinus ertptas 'viventi feQort fibras 

Infpiciunt. <mm Ovid. Met. XV. 136. 


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lo The Works of /fe Learned^ Art. r. 

for Moral Obligation ; And the Words • Truth and 
Faitbj imply Promifes, Pafts, Covenants, /. e. 
Civil Obligatimsy and are ufcd here with reference 
to the grafted J^aw^ or political Inftitutions. 

Where is the Difference, in the third and fourth 
Lines, betwixt --—--^r^/^iMg their Country ^ and 
tb$ir King -——and »^-^ defending their Common- 
wealthy and Prince? It is in the Ekpreffion only, 
for the Senfe is perfeftly the feme : The Author 
could never defign both thefe Verfcs to ftand. A 
'modeft Critick may affirm that the laft Line is fq- 
perfiudqs, and ought to be excluded. 

M- Jnd from the fFomb Jhould bring 

(O native Soil) ibofe that will needs dejlroy^ 
And ruin thee. \ ■ '' 

Jndfroih thy fP'omb Jhould hing^ 

O native Soil^ 

P. 57^ 
My Lotds^ as Duty^ and my froth doth move^ 
And of my Country Work and Care in me. 
Read, ■ ■■' • 'worken Care in me. 

Aft V. Sc.L P. 5f. 
Even yei the Life of Britain Land doth hang 
in tra^terous Ballance of vengeful Weight. 

What ^ wretched Line is here! How obfcurc in thp 
£xpreflk>n, and how % abfurd in the Melfure! A 
Syllable is wanting to fill up the Yerfe, which is fiip-** 

♦ -p— Ut reddere depdfitum^ promijfum fecere, aaxqa« per- 
tinent ad veritatem, St ad j/l^in, ea tnignit intefduikiy & noh 
fervare^ fit juftom. Cic^r. Offic. i. 31. 
X Mfiirio^wfiim fontes, & ftagna cietis. 

CicBK. de Div. 1. 1$. 

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Art. r. For JULY, 1740, jj 

plied by keeping in the * middle Vowel in irai^ 
ierous 3 and chat makes the Accent fall ridicqloufly 
upon the laft Syllable in Ballance. Could fuch'a 
Line as this come from an Author, that is juftly 
commended by Mr. Pope for his -— + unaffeSted 
PerfpUuity 0/ Style j and an iofy Fl(m in tbcNum- 

I ceirfore thfe Vcr^ here out of Place, without 
offering to correct kj merely fi>r the Otxafion it 
gives me of naming Mr. Pipe ; that I may join 
hiyfclf to theGfoud of his Admirers, and add my 
Voice to their Acclamations/ Harmony^ which is 
the § Daughter of the Mufes, reigns in his Poetry \ 
a Mulick like that oi the ei^t Spheres, in whofe 

< ' - ■ Motions Harmony droine 

So fmootbs her charming Tones ^ thai God's own Ear 

Liflens ddigbted. ■ '• ■ -^^-^ ^ Par. Loft. V. 625. 

It is a Harmony of Ktafon and Virtue^ as well as 
^ound^ and every Part of us feels the Force of it. 
The Ear is delighted, the Imagination is ravifhed, 
it fettsfies the Reafon, ai>^ afiproves itfelf to the 
Heart. The Kjpiy on Man is the beft phiiofophicd 
Poem that ever was written ; (what a charming 
Platomtk Union have we there, of Learning and 

• The Word fraiterous lofeth its i»i<Hlc Voiv^l perpetually 
ill thh Play ; and fi> do all fimilar Wonls» as poiimus. Flat" 
t^ryy temfrati^ tHunTr^us^ &c. except only R^fiftMce, jp. 24. 
Mijeryi ^. ^o, Daf^^rous and Deference, p. §^, 

+ See Spenferh Letter to the Eatl, of Mddlefex^ prefixed to 
theiate Edition of Gorboduc, 

f See the Choroa at the End of the third Ad of EuripUes's 
MeJea. ' 

*Evvtet UiifUctc TcT 9(^^tk «r*/>i/^»P 

S;->Yd-etv 'ApuovUv ^V7i^^*t' lUJTowPft'/iTfltff ^yn^yoVc 

*HJ'u7rvUe tuvffii. 

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la The Works if the l^f arned. Art* a 

Politencfs ; of ^Philefopby^ and Love!) and hath en- 
gaged one of the heft Critics to illuftrate and defend 
it. I darp not indulge rayfclf in the Vanity of 
hoping, that my poor Attempt to reftore this trage- 
dy of Gorbuducj without any Helps from old Edi- 
tions, will be approved, by fo great a Poet as Mr. 
PopBy and fo great a Critic as Mr. tVarburton. 

Im, SIR^ Tour'Sy &c. J. C 


A Full View of the franJaSHms of the Reign of 
Queen Elizabeth^ tranfmitted down to us in a 
Series of Letters and Papers of State colkSled, 
by Dr. Forbes. Volume I. Pages 507. 
Preface 11. 

^0 the Author of tbeHiJiory of the Works 
df the Learned. 

COlleftions of Political Letters arc very fervice- 
able towards the Difcovery of Hiftori,^i 
Truth, and to ^en of Tafte and Sagacity, they 
afford the livelieft Sketches of the Completions 
of the Times, and the Charafters of thofe who 
flouriflied when they were wrote. For this reafon 
fuch Colledions, when they have been publiih'd 
with Care and Judgement, have always met with 
favourable Reception from the Publick. As our 
own Hiftory affords us a Series of the moft inte- 
refting Events, and every Reign prcfcnts us . with 
many eminent Perfons whofe Counfels have done 
Honour and Credit to their native Country, 'tis no 
wonder if their original Papers, whenever they 

•Sec again the fame Chorus. 

What a wonderful Compliment is hereto thte Paet^j Country ! 
iorely Fenus and the Loves he fpeaks of, attended when he wrote 
it, and ' ^ m Shed their fele£ieft Influence. 


Digitized by 


Art. 2. For JUL IT, 1740; 13 

can be procured, are much eftecmcd and more 
rcHM* upon, than the Accounts of the Generality 
of our Hiftorians 5 whofc Artificial Gloffcs have 
too frequently difguifed the Truth, or their Igno- 
rance miftakcn it. Of late Years many Collcdlions 
of this fort have been publiflied \ but I know of none 
which deferve the notice of the Publick better than Sir 
tbomasRqe'^lutittrs^ (of which your laft Journal 
gave fome Account,) and thofe which are to be the 
Subjeft of the prefcnt Extraft. 

If we confider the Reign in which chefe Letters 
were wrote, the Minifters who were concerned in 
the Negotiations which they relate tD, or the Inte- 
refting Events contained in them 5 they will lay a 
juft Claim to the Attention of the Reader, and af- 
ford an ample field of Entertainment and Reflec- 
tion. They take in no larger a Space of Time, 
than Part of the Year 1558, all 1559, and Pare 
of 1^60. But Dr. Forbes^ in his Preface, * informs 
us, that He has coUedted fuch a Series of Important: 
Pieces, from the Royal Archives, the Cmonian Li- 
brary and Scotland^ as will give a full and clear 
View of almoft every Tranfaftion thro* the whole 
Courfe of ^een Elizabeth^ s memorable Reign. The 
poftor obfcrves very juflly in his Preface, that 
Camden has ftrangely mifreprefented the whole 
Af&ir of the Peace of Cateau Cambrefis^ between 
^ Henr^ the 2d, and ^. Elizabeth. According to 
his Account, the latter imagining the Afliftance of 
Spain (who h^d en^ged us in a War with France) 
not only unferviceable, but unbecoming her Dignity 
and the Honour of England^ thought fit to trear 
with the French King apart. Thefc Letters con- 
tribute to fct that important Negotiation in a true 
Light. The firfl Overtures for Peace camcfrom France^ 
^y'hich ^. Elizabeth entertained in fuch a manner, 
as' at the fame time that She Ihewed her own In- 
clination, for Peace, She took care to give no Jea- 
* Sec Page 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. ' 


Digitized by 


l4 9^^W0R»s'gr/i&^LEARKED. Art. 2. 

loufy to the King of Spain her Ally. And in hef 
final Inftrudlions to her Commiffioncrs the Lord 
Howard of Effingham Lord Cbamberlainy the 5^^^^ 
of Ely^ and Dr, PFotton^ She orders them to afk 
the Opinion, Advice, and friendly Aflillances of 
the Spanijb Commiflioners in every Point propofed 
to the Frenchy and pfays them to bend their whoJfe 
Induftry to prefervt the Amity between Her and 
her good Brother the King of Spain. 

On the other hand, the Commiflibners hi Spain^ 
(at the head of whom was the famous Duke of AU 
n)ai) appear to have afted very honourably with 
regard to the Englip$ during the whole Courfe of 
the Treaty. They took care to communicate to 
them the private Conferences, between them and the 
Trench Commiffioncrs, who endeavoured to create 
Jealoufies beween the Spanijh and the Ehglijb MU 
niflcrs. They refufed to conclude with France^ till 
the Englijh Treaty was ready for Signing, and 
gave their Advicie readily and judicioufly. In the 
Papers relating to this Negotiation, there are 3 that 
deferve particular Confideration. One '\ from Dr. 
Wo^Hft lo^ Secretary Ctcil. Another * from the 
Englijh Commiffioncrs to the §^ueen. And a Third 
[| from the Privy Council to the Englijh Commiffi- 
oncrs. Dr. fFotton's Letter fhews a great Experi^ 
ence in Bufinefs, a thorough Acquaintance with the 
French Court, and a true Zeal in the Service of 
his Country. It is writ in a Style that fhews the 
Heart of the Writer to be afFefted by what he fays, 
and warm in the Caufe of his Prince. 1 fhall giv^ 
fome Extrafts from it. 

*' § For the Peace with France no Man can be of 
** other Opinion than that it were to be wi(h*d for ; 
*' but how to come by it is more doubtful : I mean 
** a Peace indeed, and not a Peice of Paper only, 
+ Page52, 55, 56, &c. *P. 15, 40. 59. IIP. 18, 19. 
.§ In thcie Extrails the Onginal Orthography is hoc alwayi 
oblerved ; and even feveral Words are omiued. 

*' containins: 

Digitized by 


Art. i, p0r JUL Y, 1740; 15 

«« containing Words of a Treaty. What my Lords 
«« of jlruttdil^ of Elyy and I thought thereof wc 
" have written Hbme already, and I fome what 
^« privately to Mr. Boxbole, But feeing you require 
** tounderftand fomewhat of my Mind therein 
*' again ; I cannoc be eafily perfuaded that we can 
^« have a true Peace with France 9 —the Caufes that 
•* move me fo to think are : the ancient Immor- 
* ul Hatred they bear unto us j the great Spite and In- 
^^ dignation They have at the many and (ignal Vic- 
** torics which we have had of them in their own 
** Country i their infatiaWc Ambition, whereby 
'* they have partly circumvented, partly oppreffed 
** all their Neighbours, and never ceafe fo to do, 
^ but when they are not able, pr lack Gk:cafion to 
** do it > the great Dcfire they have to be re- 
•« venged of us, for that wc have lo often letted 
^ them of their Enterprizes when they have gone 
** about to opprefs their Neighbours ; the Pretence 
«* they make now by the Scofifi ^ueen^s fayniddeTitlei 
** to the Crown of Enghnd-^ theOccafion and Com- 
** modity they have now to invade us by Land on 
*« the Scotijb Side ; and the great Helps they fhall 
<« have thereto of the Scofs^ and peradventure of 
** fome other Nations, which they will fet our Tops 
** tooii the moft dangerous Divifions in Religion 
" among ourfelves, whereby they fliall think their 
'« Enterprifes eafier to be brought to pafs ; the poor 
*' State the Crown of England is in for lack of Mo- 
** ney, which I^fear they underftand too well 5 the lack 
** of good Soldiers, Captains, and all Kind of Am- 
<* munition that wc have •, the Nakednefs of all our 
*' Country, having almofl: never a Place well forti- 
** fied to fuftaina Siege-, the great Commodity which 
** they look td have thereby, if they may fubdue Eng- 
^* land to them : for bringing that once to pafs (which 
** God forbid) and having England, Scotland^ and 
^[ Irleand^ no doubt they wou'd look Ihortly after to 


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i6 The ^OKKS 9f the htAK^tD. Art. 2. 

^^ be Monarchs of almdft all Europe^ and fb they 

^' were like to be indeed. -* And altho* they re«* 

*' quired to talk of Peace and will make gay Over- 
*^ tures to that Intent, I Cannot but fufpeft 
** that thefe OfFcrs are even like to the Wolf's bf« 
" fers in the Fable, and as you ifrrote very wdl 
** timeo DanaoSj et dona ferentes. As . long as wc 
*' (hall continue good Amity with the Ki»g of Spaitf^ 
** it fliall not be fo eafy for the French to obtain 
" their Purpofe in England j as they would it were. 
•' If they may by crafty means, and vain Pro-^ 
" mifes diflever us from Spain^ then. Ihall they think 
** they have good Caufe to fing Te Deum^ &c. ** 
t)r. Wotton then proceeds to give fome Inftanccs 
pf the Uncertainty , of French Promifcs and 
Faith, in two remarkablelnftances from the French 
and Englifb Hiftory ; and fuggefts anbthfer ReafcMi 
of their Offers to . make a Peace; viTi. That they 
may under that Pretence fend Minifters int6 £»- 
glandy who may few Divisions amongft and cor- 
rupt the ^een's Subjc<as. .^-^ — He next gives a 
further Explanation of the Views of the French 
Court, and the Danger that was to be apprehen- 
ded from them, upon account of the Scots ^een*s 
pretended Title to England^ and the Power of 
the Houfe of Guife'j who would feek all poffible 
means to fccure their own Influence by aggrand- 
dizing dieir Neice. — Iftiall conclude with quot- 
ing the Dr*s judicious* Sentiments about Renun- 
ciations in general, in which he fpcaks the Lan- 
guage of an able Statefman -, and as what he 
fays on that Topick, is proved from the Exam- 
ples of times. before he lived, fo it has been ve- 
rified by Inftances of much later Daie» « I 
** have fcen Men that ufe to leap go a great way 
«' back in order to leap the further, and fo Ifear,tho' 
f ' they (hould ufe any fuch Renunciation of the ^ 
• Page 21. 

* «of 

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Art. 2. Fe?r J U L Y, 1740. 17 

** of Scots Title, yet that (hould be only in order 
♦* to leap further \ that Ts to fay, not blecaufe the 
^« Reniindation (hdiild'tAke Place, but only thereby 
** to Work, lb that they might the better come to 
<« their PilrjJofe. If yoii would imagine a Treaty 
^* to be madfe, Ivherein are many and divers Articles 
*' contained, and among others fuch a Renunciati- 
** on \ you know that if one Article of the Trea- 
^* ty be broken, then all the refl is of none EfFedl:. 
' *« Arid as for Renunciations, we have had meet and 
*' good Experience thereof among ourfelves ; For 
*« we in the Trea^ty of Bretigny renounced the Right 
** and Title to the Kingdom of France^ and fo 
<^ have we done by other Treaties fince ; as by the 
<' Treaty c^Wt&^ratiatus perpetua Pach^ made in 
^ the Year isif. And yet becaufe the French have 
*« broken all thofe Treaties, tve have refumed our 
*« renounced Tide. *— &c. 

Brujfels^ ^xhoijan. 155Z. 

I cannot help obferving that as well in the whole 
Courffe oi thefc Papers, as in all others relating t6 
France^ which I ever faw, that Court conftantly ap- 
pears in the lame Light, artful and infinuating ; full 
of fair words, and hoflile Purpofes ; ready to be- 
gin Injuries, yet apt to complain even of jiift Reprifals> 
and difclaiming thofe Wrongs they have committed^ 
when they think it notafitSeafori to maintain them ; a- 
- mufing their Enemies ii^ith Propofalsof Accommodati- 
on at the fame Time that they ^re preparing to attack 
them ; and in (hort infolent in a Flow of Fortune^ rifing 
in their Demands if they are complied with, but 
finking them upon a refolute Anfiwrer, — To return to 
our Colleftion : Aflbon as the 'dreary . of CateaA 
Cambrefis was figned, ^ EUzaaethJznt Lord How- 
ardof Effinghamhtx Chdmberlain, Jpr. ^(?//(?«Dean 
K>i Canterbury and Tork^ and S\t Ifa^ Throckmortony 
^0 receive the French Kin^s Oath.fdr the Obfervation. 

^e ' of 

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i8 TZf WoBKS tfthe Learned. Art %^ 

of the Peace: Who on his Part fcnt Monfwur 0$ Motr 
morency^ and theSieur^^ VelUvittej accompanied by 
four Hoftages for the Dclivcrv 6£ Calais at ^ End 
of the eighth Year, and a large train, to receive 
Her^s. — — - The Dilpatches of the former give par* 
ticular Relations of their Journey to the Freneh 
Court, their Reception there, which was very ho- 
nourable and courteous, the Ceremonies of the Ra- 
tification, and the Affairs which then employed the 
Fnnck Minifters. T\it Lord Howard ^ndiDt. Wh^ 
ton returned Home after the Ratificauon was over» 
and Sir N. irhrockmort$n contiaued Ambaflador \xk 
ordinary at the Court of France. The reft of the Vo*. 
lume is taken up with his Letters to the ^etn^ the 
privy Council, and the Secretary of Sure : I frail give 
a few curious Particulars out oi them, when I have 
firft briefly touched upon his Charader, aadc^ned 
the Scene of Bufinefs. He appears to have beoia Per^ 
fon peculiarly fitted for his Employment, of great 
Addreis and Penetration \ apeculiar Skill in procuring 
Intelligence, and penetrating into the moft fecr^tRe* 
ceflfes of the French Cabinet: Zealous in the Service of 
his Miftrefs, unwilling fhe fliould be amafed by Arti- 
ficial Delays, f rx>m purfuing what he thought her true 
Intereft,. and always apprehenfive of Evafion and 
Slynefs on the Side of France. — He engaged warm-- 
ly in the caufe of the Protcftant Party in France^, 
fupporting their Intereft at his own Court by his 
Recommendation, and in Francehy his Intrigues, m 
fo much that there was never a Plot or Rifing in the 
Kingdom on their Part, but the Enflijh Ambaf- 
fador was fufpcdlsed by the French Minifbers to be 
at the Bottom of it. Upon Sir A^. Tbrockmortoffs 
Arrival, the Conftable of Monmorency was prince 
Nlinifter, whofeDifpofitiona were inclined to preferve 
the Peace juft concluded between. England and 
France^ and whole Prudence tempered the Heatand 
Indifcretion of the Cardinal of Lorrain^ and the 


Digitized by 


Art. a; Jfer J tt t% 1740; ^ 

X)uke of ffi^^ his Brother, and b^Uanced the Au- 
thority of that Fa&ian. Thie Affairs which then 
took u^ the Attention of the Fr$mb Court were 
kwo Marriages, between the King of Spain and the 
Freneb Kif^s Daughter, his Sifter and the Duke of 
Savoy *9 thelncreafe of the Proteftants, who both 
for Qiality and Nunnbers ^rew every Day morci 
forifaidable J thii Troubles In 5^^W^«// upon Account 
of Religion y and the Profecution of the ^een (^ 
Scdts (then Wife to the Daupbifi?^) Title to Eng^ 
land. ■ 1 Sir Nkbolas ^br$ckm$rt$n^ in one of his 
♦ Letters, gives an Account of the French King'^ 
repairing to the Parlianlent, accompanied by his 
Council of State, and of a Speech made there by 
the Cardinal of Lermin agalnft the Proceflantsi 
l^uefting ExeciKion to be made ^ them, and 
Confifcation of their Goods. Several Counfellori 
of the Parliapient bad the Courage to wUhftand 
this onjuii: Propofition, and were fent t€» the Baftile. 
nrockm$rtvn accounts for diis Proceeding^ by at- 
tributing it to an Itibeiition in the Guijian Party 
to weaken the Conftable, by attacking him indi^ 
ttSt\y in the Pcrfen of his Friends, many of 
whom, particUlariy the Prcfideiit Sq^hr j were fuf* 
peded to &vour the Reformed ; and likewife t^ 
prevent a Defign, which the Proteftams had, of 
prefendng to the King, by the Hands of feme 
No^eman of their Party, a full Confeffion of 
their Faith. Soon after broke out an Affair, Which 
was the firft avowed Caufe of the Quarrel between! 
Q^ Elizabeth and C^ Mary^ viz. the latter^s cjuar- 
terif^ the Ari^s of England. The Lords (A the 
Privy-Council + order the Ambaffador to make 
ftrong Remonftrances on that Head, which he 
does to the || Cpnftable, ifrho tfcUs him, «< that 
^^ it was a Matter he had not to do withal, and 

• Pa|» 126, + Page 134. J page 138. 

. G 2 *< bcfide 

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20 The Works of the Learned. Art^ ^. 

<« befide his Knowledge; but he would break 
" the fame to the Council, and do all he could 
" to the ftaytng of that which (hould touch the 
*' Queen his Miftreis's Honour, to whom, next 
«< to the King his Mafter, he was moil: dcfirous 
*« to do Service.**— The Gonftable*s Remonftrances, 
if they were fincere, had however no EfFeft. , On 
the contrary, * at the Tournaments celebrated 
in Honour of the Duke of Savoy's Marriage, Sir 
Nicholas Tbrockmortan fcncjs word, " that th« 
«« King Dauphin's Band begun thejufts, and two 
«* Heralds which came before it, who "wercScofs^ 
«' were fair fet out with the Pauphin and Dau- 
«< phinefs's Arms, with 'a Scutcheon of E^land 
•' lair expofed to public VieW:"— -This Clain> 
openly juftified, and the Preparatidns f made to 
fend Troops into Scotland^ under Pretence of fup« 
porting the Queen. Regent in appeafing the Diftur- 
bances about Religion, (but as Sir Nicholas Tbrock- 
marton fays, really to annoy us on that fide 
upon the firft Opportunity) gave ftrong Sufpi-^ 
cions at the Englijb Court; and the vigilant 
Ambaflfador fails not to iniift on thefe Circum- 
fiances as fbong Marks of the bad Intentions of 
France^ and exhorts the Minifters here to prepare 
in Time againft them.— -Matters foon grew more 
embroiled, after the Death of Henry it. (who was 
killed at the above-mentioned. Juits, where Sir 
Nicholas Throckmorton was prcfent), the Conftable's 
Retreat, and the Afc^dant of the Guifean Party 
over the Councils of their Niece » and Francis II. 
her Hufband. — :Q. Elizabeth \\ was whh Reafon 
apprehenfiy^ from the Intelligence fjie had re- 
ceived from Throckmorton^ of fome private Conful- 
Utions amongil the French Minifters, whether the 
King ftiould not take the Style of iQng of England^ 

• Pajp 150. t Page 149. I Page i-<x 


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Axt. it For JUL Y, 1740, ii 

that an open Rupture would enfue^ and therefore 
fends Orders to her Ambaflador, in cafe thofe 
Deliberations were put in Execution, not to pre- 
fent his Letter of Credence, but remain at Court 
as a private Xjentleman till farther DireAions from 

her. The Frencb look a middle way : * For at 

the Interment of Hinry il. the new King was pro- 
claimed in the i»fual Style, but a Seal was made' 
for the Ufe of the French Queen in Scottijh Affairs, 
with the Arms of France zndi England quartered, 
and the Infcription atx>ut the Seal ftiled her Maria 
D4 Gratia Rfgina Francia^ jlnglne &? Scotia. 
However, the Ambaflador f not long after had an 
Audience of the French King, to congratulate him 
on his Acceflion to the Throne. Whilft thefc 
Things were in Agitation, die French made Prepa- 
rations at fevcral (^ their Ports, as Dieppe^ Calais y 
and Newrbavenj for tranfporting of Men of War 
into Scotland^ and one OUavian was appointed to 
command the firft Body that was -fent there, who 
was afterwards to be fupported with ftronger Force ; 
it being the Intention of . the French |(as "throckmor" 
ton n informs the <^een) " to proceed by degrees, 
*^ and take footing one after another, and arc 
*f utterly determiaW, being once able, to ufe Cru- 
'' elty towards the Noblemen and Gentlemen in 
*' Scotland. % to fake their Lives from them, and 
^ to anne^' their Lands as forfeited to the Crown 
<< of Scotland** In another Letter be fays, *< it 
'« is in no wife to be fufFered, that the French (hall 
*f opprefs the Scots that npw &vour the Religion, 
•* or that any fuch Number of the Frendo were 
** fuffered to land, as naay afterwards annoy Eng- 

The Queen being thus timely . forewarned, put 
h/er Kmgdom in fuch a Readinefs to relift spy At- 

♦ Page 198 and ?03, + Page 2zi. H Page iij, 

C 3 tempts 

Digitized by 


aa The WoKKstJ the LSakned. Art. a^ 

tempts of the Frtmb^ Wbo bftd evdl formed a De« 
(ign to furprifc Bsrivick^ that they thefnffelTes be- 
gan to be apprehfenfivc for Ciii;^,*whichSiriV#^ 
cifolas 2^rockm^pi$n bad ^ifpo^trtd they (levet in« 
tended to rcftore. ?« ♦ Some Tenants it fccms ha4 
^( rehifed to tal^e a Ijeafe of fome Landa within 
*« the Pale of Calais^ becaufe they faid it wad by 
«> Treaty to be reftoitpd to the Et^ijb wilhin eight 
« Years. The Carijinal of Lorrain ordered the 
f < French King^s Ofi^cer, who was to itt out the 
*' Lands, to tell the Tenants fccretfy, that their 
*< Lcs^fes ftiould run for as long as the Town cpn- 
f« tinued in the French PoOeflllM^ fidCe there vM 
f^ no Reftitution meant.*-^-^ 

Soon after the Death of Henry II. die ICit^ of 
Navarre a Proteflrant was fent for to Court. The 
Englijb Ambafiadqr^ (hidtous to engage him in 
the Intereft of his Soveraign, fent KMtrHv his 
Secretary to meet him on the Road, and deliver 
him a Letter from Q^ Elizahtb \ and upon ha^ 
Coming to Paris bad a private Oonference with 
him, in which the K. of Navarre iliewed great 
Affeftion for the Queen, and told Sir Nicholas 
that he intended to fend one fpcedily to the Q^n 
with his Mind in ftindry Things, and would writfc 
to her in his own Handr, 6?f . 

Juft about this tiniie Sir P. Msvfias^ a Gentle>- 
man of good Addrefs, and Knowledge of the 
French Court, was fent over to Throckmorton^ with 
Inftruftions to procure a Confirpoation of the late 
Treaty from the reigning King ; and the t latter, 
who began to grow veVy utieafy in his Employ- 
ment, and prefs'd in every Letter to be recalled, 
recommended him as a fit Perfon to be made Am* 
bafiador in his roten, as one well veried in the 
< NIanners and Language of the Country, and very 

f Pfegc 165. t Page 175. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 

Art. 2. For JUL Y, 1740. «3 

agreeabte to them. On the i8tb of Septimher the 
new King was crowned at Rbiimh ^nd af terwaxda 
the Court took a Progreis into Lorrain^ wherQ 
Sir Nnbdas ThrockmortM followed it, and fends 
r^ular Advertifemenu of their mo&, fecret De-- 
figns. 9. 

In a Letter dated from Rheims he fends Advice^ 
«< that the Fnmb were in pradiie for the taking 
«< oi Portfrnoutb and the IJle of tyigbt^ and had 
«« made Enquiry for Charts of the feme. In 
<' another, tlut Offavian had landed the Fr^mb-* 
*< men in Scotland at Dsihitb ^ as for Labres and 
^^ the Biihop of Jrniers^ they were not as yet 
<« landed. He was likewife very importunate, 
«< that he might be permitted to come Poft, and 
«( fpeak with the Queen,, on fbme Matters .that 
« could not well be commitied to .Writing.'* 
However, before he codd obtain this PermiiHon^ 
he followed the Court to Bar4e'duc in Lorrain^ 
where a Feaft was celebrated in Honour of the 
Order of St. MicbaeL This AlTiduity of his was 
taken notice of, and the Duke of Guife told the 
King one Day at Dinner, f *' Sir, You may fee 
*' tlwt \llx. VAmhaJfadeur is a good Hunter, and 
**« will not leave your Company, whereas all the 

" reft do leave you in the plain Field." When 

the Fr$ncb. Court departed from Bar-U^duc on a 
Hunting-Prog^efi to feveral Seats of the Duke of 
Guife^ Sir Nicholas made a Tour to MintZy tbl^ 
anville^ Na»cy^ and other Towns in tho& Parts, 
not omitting to fend from thence very important 
Advices 5 *« that Maftiques was fent widi twelve 
<^ Enfigns of Foot into Scotland ^ that be was in* 
^^ formed 'by one who had ipoken widi the Mar- 
«' quis lyjViauty that the faid Marquis, ypoiv 
^ Talk, of Matt^^ in Scotland, " made an Over^ 

* Page zfy. -f Page 244. 

C 4 « ture 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

24 5ri&^ Works gf/i5^ Learned. Art. 2^ 

*« turc to him of the Commodity and Advantage 
<« they had now for the landing Men of War in 
*« Scotland^ under Colour of chaftifing the Scots 
*< for their Wilfulnefe in Religion, and how they . 
*« (hould be able thereby to profecute the French 
** Queen's Right there, when Time was for the 
*« purpofe, and to Set upon Land by that means 
>' as many as they would ; faying, the Scots fliould 
^« be chaftifed, and taught to know thcmfelvcs,' 
*' and when they had fmarted well enough for 
<«• their Folly, that then the Scots^ at leaft fuch as 
*< were wife, knowing their Purpofe and right* 
« ful Quarrel, would follow them, and do as 

« they did. The Marcjuis inquh-ed of Evglandy ' 

** and the Situation ,thereof ; ahd upon the feid 
*« Gentleman's Declaration, confefsM the Landings ' 
** were not very commodious. Notwithftanding he' 
" faid they would begin by Land 5 and whereas. 
*' England thought to fet all on a Day, they , 
<« would keep us well enough from that, and be-- 
•« gin petit a petit, as they did in Piedmont, and 
« enlarge their Borders, and withal find the Means ' 
«« to trouble us other wife ; and fo willed him to 
" hearken towards the Spring, for then he went 
*« into Scotland, and then alfo he would help to 
<« awaken us, fcf^. 

Soon after this Difpatch Sir N. Throckntorton re- 
ceived a Permiffion from the ^een to return for a^ 
very fhort Time to England, and an Order to noti- 
fy the fame to the French King ; the Ambaflador 
fet out immediately for £e>«^6>;f, having Killigrew 
and Jones Agents at the French Court during his 
Abfence. . 

J fhall here clofc my Extraft oif Dr. Forbes\ 
Coileftion. From the View I have given of it, thofe 
who are verfed in Hiftory will be able to form a 
Judgment of its Merits ; the Part I have left 
unabridged contains a great many curious Particu- 

Digitized by 


^rt, ?. For JULY, 1740: a^ 

ars, and that from whence I have drawn my A* 
^ridgment, has feveral whjcti I. was forced to omit, 
for fear ot fwcHing this Article 'beyond the limits 
9f your Journal. It would perhaps be no. XJnfimer* 
raining Employment to compare the Accounts given 
us by Jlbuanus and Davila^ Hiftorians * of Cmlic 
and Eminence, with the Relations of the fame Pe« 
riod of Timc^ by Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. A 
Period remstrkable for a Variety of Intereftine E* 
ytnti^ in. which' Political Moti^tes were frequently 
eoncealed under the Maflc of Religion^ and the per* 
fecuting ^irit of one Party excited a turbulent one 
in the odier. When Boldnels and Diflimulation,, 
J^raud and Cruelty, Conftancy and Perfidy, Ho- 
hefty and Intrigue, in fhorc the whole Train of Vi« 
ces and Virtues appear on the Stage in their turns,^ 
and preient a Scene equally various and furpriling. 
To make the Comparifon flill more cxtenfive, 'tis 
to be wifli'd Dr. Forbes may give us the reft of Sir 
N. ^rocltmortotfs Negotiations in France \ and be 
able to Qonnt&^een Elizabeth^ sASzXx% at that Court, 
in a continued 3^ries of the Difpatches of the Mini- 
fters flie employed there. The Regency of Casbe- 
line de Medicis^ rouft be fct out in lively Colours by 
{o maftcrly a hand as that of Sir Nicholas Throckmar-- 
ion. Nor can the Reader fail of being ftrongly af* 
fefted with the Heroick Aftions of the Prince of 
Condcy and Admiral Coligny^ defcribed by one, who 
perhaps had no fmall Share in forming their Relb« 
lutions, and exciting them to vindicate their oppref- . 
fed Religion by Arms, againft the Perf^ciition and 
Bigotry of their Enemies. 


y Google 

Digitized by > 

96^ Tie Works of the Learned. Art, 3. 


5nfe Chfiftkn Free-thinker: Or^ anEpiJIolary 
' Difiourfe concerning Freedom of Thought. 
In wbicb are contained Objervations on the 
Lives and PTritings of Epicurus^ Lucretius^. 
Petronius, Cardapj, Bruno, Vanini, and 
SpinoA. LoKPOK, Printed for j. 'R.o^ 
ji^KT Sj near the Oxford- Arms^ m War-* 
wickLane* 1740* OBavo, Pages 66* 

TH E Dcfign of this P ieec is to mortify the Va- 
nity of our petulant Infidels, who afTume to 
themfclvcs, with fo little Reafon, the glorious Cha- 
rader of Free-thinkers, while they would rcprefent 
at), who, upon the moft warrantable Grounds, al- 
low of, and iubmit to a Revelation 1^ Truth and 
Duty, as the mean Vaffillsof Svperstition and 
Priest CRAFT. In order to this, our Author en- 
deavours to prove, diat Free»tbinking^ in the mo- 
dern and fafhionable Senfe of that Term, has been 
the Source of the mofi: enormous Errors, and the 
Parent of the moft vain, ridiculous, and wicked 
Rices or religious Worfhip) and that Free-thinkers 
have, in all Times, betrayed thcmfclves to be an 
uneafy, incQnftant, vapourifh, defukory Set of 
Mcn^ and, in a word, perfcft Self -tor mentors. 

He begins with defining Superfiition and Priejl^ 
eraft. The former he underftands to be '* the Ef- 
*• fc6l of a falfe and gronndJcfs Notion of the di- 
** vine Power, imprinting Terror on the Mind, 
^ and fo begetting, at beft, but a flavifli Obedi- 
*' ence, which too often is irrational.'* The latter 
he makes to be " that fraudulent Art, by which 
<^ the Impious propagate Superftition among the 
«* Unwary, and frequently lead Men into defperatc 
f ^ A&s of Wipkednefs, while they make a Sem- 

•^ blancp 

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Art. 3* For J IJ h Y, i740. 27 

<^ blanee of inftniding them in fuperendiaenc Pi« 

«« cty/* 

For the Origia of thefe two odious Things, which 
art of ancienc Daue, our Author dirtfts us to Egfpt 
and Bdbyhn. The Religion of thefe famous Na«- 
cions was the Invention of their Priefts^ and was 
eridendy fiftitious, abfurd, and calculated purely 
to keep (he PeofJe in blind Subjofiion and Slarery. 
i-**^ All eminent Free«thinkers» hefaya, begin witit 
iludying the theologkal Syfiems c^ thefe B^ple, 
and having thoroughly aopiainted themfelvts with 
their FribkSy transfer the Arguments^ with which 
they have efiedually battered them^ to play upon 
Religions di later Date. 

Thefe SyAems owe thdr Birth entitdy to die 
unconfined Wit of Man. If they had oome from 
God, they woukl have been, as our Author ob^ 
ferves, confident and uniform : But they were not 
lb. The Egyt$iMs aflbted^ (according to jD/W^- 
rus Siculus) that the World was made in Time ; 
the Cb^AawSf that bodi it and Mankind exifted 
from all Eternity. Thefe SyftemSj^ thai, were 
indubitably die IVodufk ot human Invention, 
of Hiou^its unconfined^ or, 00 fpeak out, of 

Ercc-thinking «* It muft, he fays, be fo fyt 

^^ many Reafons. Superftition is an unreafonable 
f^ Terror^ arifing from a falfe Idea of the Divine 
9< Nature. This cannot come from God 1 he is 
f< die leather and Fountain of Truth ; it fpfii^s 
<< therefore feom Man, and not from reftrained or 
** narrow thinking, but from a boundlefs Define of 
<< mnigreffiog all Limits and a Refoktion dt 
<< feigning new and xmeidfling Workis, diat is« 
^^ framing them in Idea^ rather than own a D^- 
1^* dency in Underftandmg, and a Want of Pbwer 
<< to comprehend the Thhigs which are. Now the 
f^ Contrivers of all foch Syftems are truly andpfx)^ 
M perly Priefli^ coCfods of their owQ makings and 


Digitized by 


2j5 ne Works cf the Learned. Aft. 3; 

*^ the Alt and Invention, Ihewn in thefe Contri- 
^ vances, is, without Queftion, Pricft-craft ; by 
** which it very oddly, and yet plainly appears, 
^ that thofe Opinions, which, . it is faid, Freer 
^^ thinking would extrude, aie, in faft, thjs Fruits 
V of Frccrthinking.*' / 

To juftify what he here advances, our Author 
puts us in mind of Lueretiusj the Laureat of Freer 
thinkers. His whole Aim was to deliver his Dif- 
ciplcs fiom the Apprehenfion of fiery Lakes, aveng* 
ing Furies, and all the Terrors of die Pagan HelK 
But he advifes us to think with ourfelves, in what 
Senfe Lucretius and his Followers ane to be under^ 
ftood. Will we reftrain them to the Hell. of Hor 
mer and the Poets ? Let them, he £iys, deftroy it, 
tho* he does not fee how their Arguments will do 
even that. But, as he goes on, granting they cQuld, 
what would this be more than pulling down by 
Free-thinking, what Free-thinking had fet up.? 
The reft of the World have nothing to do with 
thefe Squabbles : The Poets, who have the freeft 
Thoughts Jt£ any Men, adorn the gloomy SubjeA 
qf eternal Mifery with terrible Delcriptions ; they 
pafs on the Vulgar, when at the Mercy of Free- 
thinkers, for Fads 5 then come the Philofophers^ 
and in confequence of their Inquiries, demolifh the 
Poets Strudure. The Amount of all this is no more, 
than that one Body of Wits defeated another. 

But Lucretius not only derides the . poetipil Hell,' 
which is of human Invention, but argues alfp agaii^ft 
the Poffibility of a future State. Now this, our » 
Author lays, is quite another Queftion \ for a future 
State is npither an Invention of Poets, or of any 
other Free thinkers j nor is it a Truth difcoycrable 
by Free-thinking: But it is a Truth reccivejl ano- 
ither way, and therefore Free-thinking hath no 
Poweir over it. To prove this,, he has given us a 
View of the Epicurean Scheme drcfs'd up by i>* 


Digitized by 


Art;3> . ^^^ JULY, 174CJ; 29 

cretins^ fo far ^sic relates to this Matter: By which 
it appears, that the utmoft Stretch of . their Free- 
chinking produced nothing thereupon but a Set of 
chimerical and abfurd Vagaries, that afibrdi not the 
ieaft Knowledge or Samfa£^ion to.any imeUigenc 
and impartial Inquirer. 

Having reprefented the Npnfenfe of, Free- think- 
ing, in the pommon Acceptation of that Tern>, our 
Author proceeds to fhew its Incpnftancy ^d Reft- 
ieilhefs. He does not intend hereby to eaft any con-n 
tumelious Re6edions on the Sed, as if he looked Cttt 
them in the Light of wavering, une^fy, and inre« 
iblute i'erfons, in cpnfequence of a wrojpg Turn 
of Mind, Deficiency in Underftanding, or Imbie-^ 
cilityoT Judgment!; Quite t}ie contrary 1 he afliires 
us, he has all the jReg^rd for Free-thinkers they 
deferve ; and what, be infifts on^ is the. natural Ten- 
dency of their Opinions, which, as he apprehends, 
induces that Reftleflhefs, and chofe quick Rcyolu- 
tions in Sentiment, which feem inhenent to every 

The very Notion of Free-thinking, as it;is re- 
ceived by the Profelfors of it, eaickides, he fays, 
any immoveable Principle, or any invariable Rule 
for regulating their Speculations ; — and this ' he 
owns to be reafonable, according to their Scheme : 
For fince, in Oppofition to the Vulgar, they give 
no heed to what ^ny Numa*'s report on the Credit of 
their Egeria^s^ he fees no Caufe, he fays, why they 
fhould pay that Refpeft to any Man's JLcafon^ 
which they refufe to. Revelation^ or why they 
fhould idolize Opinion, after rejefting Faith, Ta 
him this feems juft andwell founded 5 but then he 
befecchcs the Gentlemen he writes to, to fix their 
Eyes upon its Confequences, not fuch as:are im- 
puted to Free-thinking by its exprefs Enemies, but 
fuch as ;^e natural and unavoidable, fuch as, are 


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^ ^eWoKKs oftbeLEAKn^D. Art. 3; 

confefled by Free-thiakers themfelves. Thefe he 
Jets forth in five or fix Pages. 

He takes notice, that human H^fon yaries ex* 
tremelv ; what one Man apprehends to be of the 
highm Importance, to another appears of no Con« 
iequence at all. A Syftem vehemently fiipported 
by its Votaries, is as Tiolently decried by its Op- 
poiers.--^-~An Impatience of Ignonuice in rela- 
tion tooor Being, our Duties, and the Dumtlon of 
our Exlftenoe^ has prompted Men of Abilities, in 
all AgeSt to eiiercife thek Thoughts on thefe Sub-* 
je6U, as the moft fublime in their Nature, and of 
greateft Importance to themfelves. In confequence 
of diis, they have indulged their Thougjhts freely ixi 
cramming themfelves, their J^ellow.Creatiires, and 
all the animal, vegitative^ and minenrl Kingdoms, 
not fearing afterwards to fcale the Heavens, and pais 
the Limits of th€l World. Hence, as he goes on^ 
the Variety of Coi^eftures concerning the Prin- 
d^eof the Univerie, which fome Wife-men, L e. 
iFree-thinkers^ held to be Fire^ others Air, others 
Water, ISc. Hence innumerable odier Sentiments. 
as oppofite in diemfelves, maintained and impugned 
with equal Ingenuity^ Hence that Eagernefs, with 
which Philofophers profecuted their Inquiries, and 
thatObftinacy^ wkh which they defended what they 
publilhed as the Refuk of them | tho\ as our Au^ 
thor remarks, diey rarely aAed in their Lives, ac- 
cording to the Syftends they efpoufed in their 

To account for this, he MfouJd have lis confider^ 
that the greateft Philofophers are^ no more than 0^ 
tbers, exempt from certain Infirmities Of Mind, 
and various external Incidents^ 1;irhich operate on the 
Underftandtng, and influence our moft fcrious 
Thou^ts: Afufficient Reafon this, as he fays, not 
only why Men do not think alike on all Sid>)e£b, 


Digitized by 


Art. 3* Fit J \i L Y, 1740. yi 

but alfi) why the &tne Man (bould altet his ^enti- 
mencs on the fame Head in ^fftpent Times of Life. 

Thes^ art other Reafons aligned by our Author 
for the Inftabilicy of phUofo^sd^k Judgments : The 
iaft of thcfti is, Th^ Objc^s they confider, are 
di^)roponbr»te to their Faeiikies; One Manmaf 
have nuich better Eyc-fight than another j fo it k 
as to the Capacities ot Men, they may, they dt^ 
diflfer exceedingly \ but ftill all human Capacities 
are finite. They fcrve perfeftly well for our daily. 
Occafiom ; they enable us to feed ourfelves pro- 
perly, to proridc warm Cloathing, to creft conreni- 
€Qt DwelUngp, and to form Societies for out- own 
Conveniency, as well as Safety. But when we polli 
our Inquiries beyond ufeful Points, we acquire fphie* 
times Notions ifft lake for Knowledge, but in the 
End they prove only Chimaera^s. It is trae^ that 
•Geography, Aftronomy, Navigation, and many 
<Miier Brandies of Sqience, flatter Mens Minds with 
the pleafing Ideas of univcrfal Comprehcnfion 5 
but this arifes fipm our own Vanity, from our fix- 
ing our Atietition wholly on what we iee, and neg- 
feeing what is bid from us ; fince in all theie Arts, 
there are muny Things we know but impcrfcdiy, 
and not a few, of which we know nothing at aiL 

But, as our Author adds, fuppofing thefe and all 
txher Sciences could be attained in Perfedion bjr 
Mankind, how fliort do thefe fall of the Wifdom 
neceflary to frame and govern the Univerlc? Yet 
to this, thofe who have reafoned in £civour of un- 
bounded Thought, have eagerly pretended, and 
expefted as prdbund Submi/Iion^ as if in reality 
.they had been prefent when Nature was in Labour, 
and had feen all things in their firft Forms. — How- 
ever, even to thefe Doubts will occur ; for ithc 
Mmd contemplating in one Light, fees Grounds of 
Satisfadion, and yet, when it examines the fame 
Objed in another, new Phasnomena being difcd- 


Digitized by 


32 5rae Works ^/A^Lkarhed. Artijv 

veredy •— it perceives that utter Incapacity it is un-* 
<^er, of acc(M:^nting fdr ajl thfe Works of infinite 
Wifdom and Power. Such is.tfae Condition of Man, 
that while, He employs his Reafon for ufdiil Pur- 
pofeSy he finds it a clear, ftrotig; and every way 
fuificient Light; but when he endeavours to ex- 
ceed his Sphere^ when he would become more than 
a Man, when he emulates the next Order of rea- 
jfonable Beings, and feeks the Privilege of Angels^ 
his Reaibn deceives him^ he fickens like Phaeton 
dt the Appearance of celeftial Light, and tumbling 
from on high, teaches^ by his haplcfs Fall^ more 
Caution unto others.. It is very poffible, our Au- 
thor fays, that , Libertines may think of oppofing 
to this Way ojf Reafoning Matters, of F^d; He is 
ready to join Ifllie with them upon this Head ; and 
to convince them how little that is like to prove for 
the Advantage of their Caufe, he briefly runs over 
the Hiftory of the moft eminent Free-thinkers, an«> 
* cient and modern, and remarks their Want of Stea^- 
dinefs. Fortitude, and Confta^ncy, their frequent 
t)efcrtions of their own Principles^ and their fink-^ 
ihg in Conduft below even, the ordinary Race dt 
Mankiijd, whom, they afTeft fo much to contemn. . 

He begins with Epicurus j the moft celebrated 
Free-thinker of Antiquity, and proceeds fuccef- 
fively to LucreiiuSy Petronius jlrkiter^ Jerome 
Cardafty Jordanus, Brufio% Lucilio f^atfint^ and, 
fixizWy^ Spinofa. I; will mention a few of thofe 
Particulars which make up his Account of thefe 
famoi|S Infidels. 

With regard to Epicurus he tells us, that he has 
read the principal Admirers of his Philpfophy, and 
owns they have fully cleared him of the Calumnies 
of his Enemies % Uit that, notwidiftanding, it is 
certain he was quite a different Perfpn from whit 
his own. Difciples thought him, and. theie modern 
. Apologi^fts reprefent him 3 far from being himlelf a 


Digitized by 


Art2i For } XJ L Y, 1740. 33 

happy Man, or capable of indruding others in the 
Art of arriving at true Happinefi. 

He forefaw the Pleafures of his Garden would be 
imbittered, if his Scholars amufed themiclves with 
any Confiderations about their future State *, he 
therefore taught, that Death was the abfolute Pe- 
riod of human Being, and that the Gods meddled 
not in the lead with the Affairs of Mankind. But 
thiSy our Author fays, was teaching what could not 
anfwer his End of preventing -Doubts and Fears % 
for^ firftj this was a Dodtrine which would not bear 
examining j and^ fecondly^ it left Men under the 
Dominion of blind Cbancey inflead of a wife Pro-- 
videmey which was furely a bad Exchange, and a 
very odd Way of procuring Quiet. It his Dif- 
ciples believed this, they mufl daily cxpc<a to fee 
the Firmament crack, the Sun Jofe hgXi his Lights 
their Gardens hoifled into favage Mountains, or co- 
vered by invading Seas. Thcfe are all fit Works of 
Chance. But they lived chearfully and merrily^ 
^nd therefore certainly they did not believe it : How 
then were they Philofophers ? ^Or how did their 
Matter's Wifdom (as he and they loudly boafted) 
deliver them from Fear ? Inftead, therefore, of 
owing their Felicity to Free-thinkingy thefe Epicu^ 
reans muft be indebted for what they enjoyed, to 
their not thinking at all. 

But, further, Epicurus^ who made fo free with all 
Authority whatfoever, who would fubmit neither to 
univerfal Reafon nor Experience, was, himfelf , ex- 
tremely dogmatical, and would bear not the leaft 
Contradidion. His Ipfe dixit was the Meafure and 
Boundai^y of Science. Was Epicurus fkillM in Free- 
thinking? if he was, as our Author fays, then the 
only way to prevent Confufion, and fecurc Happi- 
nefs, is to eftablifh a certain Scheme of DoArines, 
(no matter whether true or falfe) and forbid all Ex- 
amination or Difpute about them, that is, exclude 

D Free. 

Digitized by 


34 TI)e Works ^ the Leakjxed. Art. 3. 

Frce-thinking for ever, on the Word of one Free- 

But to carry the Matter ftill farther, and to prove 
Free-thinkers a reftlefs fort of People, our Author 
having, as he thinks, fliewn, that implicite Faith was 
in Epicurifi*s Opinion tht fole means of keeping up 
any Syftem deduced by Frce-thinking, he proceeds to 
prove, that this great Philofopher was not a little itrc- 
ibiute himfclf. He denied Providence, yet he wor- 
fliip'd the Gods, with all exterior marks of Fervency ; 
nay, he carried thisyet a greater Length, fince among 
his numerous Writings, there were many Treatifes of , 
Devotion. What are we to think of all this ? if we give 
Credit to his Doftrines, Prayer is nothing lefs than a 
Duty i if we yield any Faith to his Pradlice, then no- 
thing appears of greater Importance. 

As for Lucntius^ our Author has the fame Ob- 
jeftions to him, as to his Matter Epicurus \ that is 
10 fay, he finds him vifibly uneafy, unfteady, and 
inconfiftent. He employs about (even Pages in the 
Proof of this Charge. 

It is natural to mention next a Free-thinking 
Martyr : Such a one was Petrpnius Arbiter^ one of 
the moft applauded among the Epicureans^ and 
efpccially commended by the Moderns, as one fu- 
ptirior, while living, to all the Wits of his Time, 
and equal, in his Death, to M. jI. Seneca^ the moft 
diitinguiflied of the Philofophers. But in the midft 
of thcfc Praifes, it is not denied, that he was the 
nVbil inconfiftent Man ever drew Breath. He 
had great Talents for Bufinefe, with a ftrong Pro- 
p?nfity to Idlencfs j no-body better underftood the 
Folly of being wicked, no-body ran deeper into 
Wickedncfs, than h^. Abfardity in Pleafure his 
nice Taftc could not en4"r^7..bu^ ^^ impiodeft and. 
luxurious Life hit.thi^, Tafte cx;aiftly." His 
Thoughts were often impious, rarely modeft, .bi|t . 
his I..;/;/? pure to a Proverb. To fum up all, htf 
* Uiought 

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Art. 3. For J V L Y, 1740. 35 

thought the Day fit for nothing but fnoring, for 
which Caufe he indulged his FJeafures during the 

There is a deal more which our Author al- 
Icdgcs in Difparagement of PetroniuSj and to flicw 
with how little Reafon he is fet up to rival Seneca 
in the Article of dying, 

Thefc three Free-thinkers which have been men- 
tioned make fo great a Figure amongft thofe of 
Antiquity, that our Author thinks he needs fay no- 
thing more on this Subjeft : But judges it very ex- 
pedient, a few of the Moderns ftiould be run over^ 
that it may be feen. Time has made no Alteration 
in this Matter, but that all Free-thinkers have con* 
tinued uneafy, inconftant, vapourifti, full of Flights, 
and in a word, perfeft Self-Tormentors. 

He begins with the celebrated Jerome Cardan : 
The rather, as this man, he fays, methodized and 
fuggefted Arguments in fupport df certain Notions 
which to thisDayareFavourites with Free-thinkers J 
nay, are laid up among their Arcana^ and are, when 
produced, held the higheft Flights of human In- 
telligence, and irrefragable Bars againft believing. 
With regard then to him, he firft recounts a few 
Circumftanccs of his Life (as they were recorded 
by his own Pen) and then goes on to confider fomc 
of his extraordinary Opinions : his Hiftory enlight- 
ening his Doftrines, as thofe again appear to ^takc 
Rife from his Conftitution or his Circymftanc^sjan 
Obfcrvation, he fays, too often verified iii the Broach- 
crs of new Notions or Revivers of ancjent Herefics. 

There are many Singularities in our Author's AC* 
countof this philofophical Coxcomb, but 1 have not 
room for their Reciral -/and for the fame Rcafpn I 
pafs ovdr'all he relates of Jorrfanus Brums j Lucilio 
Vdniniy %n^ Spihoza. The Rcaldcr who would or 
needs to be acquainted with them, muft have rctourfe 
to the Original. J will conclude this Anicle witlj 
D 2 thp 

Digitized by 


36 fTbe Works oftbe Learned. Aft ^ 

theSuhftance of thole Obienrations which, our Atr- 
thor fays^ naturally fpring hx>in tbefe Men's Cha* 
raders, and with which he (huts up this Treatife. 

Firft then, it him plain, that none of 
thefe eminent Free-thinktrs have done much Service 
to the World Epicurus led with his Friends an in- 
dolent Life in his Gardens. Lucretius lived diftrac- 
ted, therefore he could not benefit Society. Petro 
nius made a Figure, as a Man of Pkafure, in, the 
Court of Nero ; but that was making no very ami^ 
able Figure in Life. Cardan*% whole Bufinefs wa» 
to abufe others, and to defend himielf from the A« 
bufes fuch^ Condud induced. JordanQ Bruno r«i 
up and down the World, teaching the Lulliau Art, 
and the reft of his Cbinuera^s. Vamni publiflied no- 
thing which can be called of publick Utility • Andas 
for Spin^za^ making Spefiacles is the beft thing 
we know of him. 

But next, they dlid little or no Good to themfel ves. 
This, he chinks, he has proved at large in the fore- 
part of this Difcourfe. Here he only lays, that Im^i- 
nation on the Stretchy boundlefs Speculations^ ever* 
lafting Doubts, and ever varying Ideas, are fo great 
Additions to the inevitable Labours of human Life, 
and the Anxieties which necefiarrly attend it, that we 
neednotftand amazed atthe Perplexitiesof Fr^/*/i&/if)^- 
ers^ or pretend to wonder at their ftepping now and 
then after Lucretius^ Mode into the other World. 
On the contrary, we ought rather to admire their 
Conftancy when they , decline this Remedy, and bear 
up againft the Storms of Fortune. 

Take them in any Light whatfoever, confider 
their Lives, contemplate their Deaths, view their 
Dodrines, ftill, as our Author goes on, there is no« 
thing lovely ip the Profpe<3:» Can we pompare Epi- 
curus to Socrates^ or Spinoza to Grotius ? can we, 
without departing from common Scnle^ applaud the 
Lives of any of thefe Sages ? If we qannoi do this, 


Digitized by 


Art. 3. Fttr JUL Y, 1740. 37 

whylhoUldwe tread in their Steps? why adhere to a 
Plan we do not mtirely approve ? 

It mtift be acknowledged, that thiB Scheme is very 
capcivatitig in its firft Appearance^ becaufe it pro- 
mifes to exalt us in a ncianner above our Species ; but 
then^ if we want Penetration enough to difcern the 
Fallacy of fuch Promifes, our Author would haVe 
us reflet on "the E^niples he has given, and by 
them learn to moderate our Thirft for Science, and to 
direftour Inquiries, fo as to obtain what is fit for us, 
rather than run on in emjiieis Purfuits. Finally hefays, 

The genuine Ends cjFthinking, feem to be Peace, 
Eafe, and Beneficence. In order to enjoy the firflf, 
we mufl: Bx our Notions in refpcd to our Being, its 
Source, Duration, and End of enduring, or, in other 
Words, our Duty towards God. By the fecond, is 
fo be umJerflood the Po<icffidB of whatever is ncceflTary 
?nd convenient for that Part of our being, which is af- 
figned us in this World. And by the ^laft, is in- 
tended the Extention of our good Offices to our Bre- 
thren, or in the chriftian Style, Works of Charity. 
A due Capacity for thefe things, is the fupreme 
Happlnefs of Man, that is, as Man, whicih includes 
an Idea of Imperfcdion mix'dwith a Hope of (hakc- 
ing it off; 


^e Ruin and Recovery of Mankind: oTj an 
Attempt to vindicate the Scriptural Account 
of thefe great Events upon the plain Principles 
ofReajon. With an Anfwer to various Diffi- 
culties relating to original Sin, the univerfal 
DeJpraVation of Nature y andtheoverjpread- 
ing Curfe of Death\ general Offers ofGrccj^ 
to all Men^ and the certain Salvation offome-y 
D 3 the 

Digitized by 


38 7^ Works of the Learned. Art. 4. 

the Cafe of the Heathen Nations^ and the 
State of aying Infants. Whereto arefubjoin-- 
ed three Jhort Effays^ viz. The Proof of 
Man^s Fall by his Mifery ; the Imputation of 
Sin and Righteoufnefs ; and the Guilt andDe^ 
filement of Sin* London : printed jor R. 
Hett and L Brackftone, at the Bible and 
Crown w /i&^ Poultry. 1740, OBavo. Pages 
432, befdesfome Appendages. 

1^ Here has been a great deal of Diilencion a- 
mong Chriftians, concerning the Points above 
mentioned. Every one has. heard of the Quar- 
rels thereon^ between the Orthodox and Pelagians 
of old ; and between the Cahinifts and Arminians 
of later Days. All Parties have pleaded Scripture, 
and, the truth is» all Parties have feemed to be 
countenanced thereby. Some, in the mean time, 
without pretending to impeach Revelation, have 
thought thefe Dodtrines to be myftcrious and inex- 
"plicable Matters, which we arc not in the leaft con- 
• cern'd to inquire about ; while others have taken Oc^ 
cafion therefrom to difpute the Infpiration of the fa. 
cred Writings, judging that Book could never come 
from God, which was fo equivocal as to favour di- 
ametrically different Tenets. Some again, who have 
a Veneration for the Bible, have gricvoufly perplex- 
ed tbemfelvcs in reconciling the PaiTages of it, re- 
latingto thefe Heads, which apparently contradid one 
another; fome* who would not rejeft that Rule of 
Faith, have made a fliift to model or glofs over thofe 
Texts which look calviniftically, fo as to reconcile 
them tolerably with the Arminian Scheme ^ and o- 
thers have looked upon that as a vain Attempt, and 
firmly pcrfuaded of the Calvinifm oi Scripture, 
have c\)'|Qfidercd that Circumftance as a dedilive Proof 
of its Impofture ; feeing no Doftrine derivcdvfrom 
God can clafii with our rational Notions of the Per- 


Digitized by 


Art- 4- P^^ JULY, 1740. 39 

feftidns of his Nature, as thofe ufually termed cal- 
viniftical plainly do. 

Hook upon our Author as one, who profoundly 
reverences the divine Oracles, who thinks them 
conformable to Calvin*s Principles, but who, at the 
fame Inftant, is fenfible of the feeming Incongruity 
of thefe with the Jdeas we ufually frame of the mo- 
ral Attributes of the Deity ; and therefore has here 
fet himfelf to remove that Opprobrium^ by finding 
out certain Media^ whereby the real Confiftency of 
them therewith may be evinced. Let us fee how he 
exprefles himfelf to this Purpofe in his Preface. He 

*' Amidft the Darknefs of our degenerate State, 
** God has been pleafed to f urnifh us with two Springs 
^' of Light, to lead us into the Knowledge of our 
*« own Mifery, and to dired us in the way to his Fa*. 
<* vour and ourownHappinefs. Thefe are weliknown 
** by the Names of Reajbn and Revelation^ i. e. the 
** Reafon of Man and the Revelation of God. 

** Right Reafon is ever uniform and confiilknt 
*^ with itfelf, and is the fame in all Ages. 'Twas 
** given to Man at firft, to teach him all that we 
" call natural Religion; and even now, in itsdi- 
" miniflied Glory^ it gives fufficient Kvidffnccof 
^« our Ruin, and affures us feelingly of our univer- 
** fal Degeneracy, our loft Innocency and Peace : 
« It affords us alfo many Hints of the ' favoqrablc 
" Condefcenfions of divine Mercy, the Neceffity of 
** our Repentance of Sin, and our Truft in divine 
^ Grace, \t\ order co our Recovery. 

*'• It is granted, that the Didates of Reafon a- 
f* mongft fallen Mankind, havcvbeen mmgled with 
" a thoiafand Prejudices, Weaknefles, and Wan- 
** derings, with the Miftakes of Fancy, and the Fol- 
** lies of Supcrftition j and at beflr it has not been 
** found of itfelf prafticalfy fufficient to inftruA us 
** in all things chat relate to our Soul's- Salvation ; 

D 4 *« yet 

Digitized by 


40 7^^ Works 2^ /i&^ Learned. Art. 4. 

5< yet ftill Keafon is a Lightgiven us by God bimfelf, 
*^ and it has very much to do in our Diredion to- 
*^ wards our prerent Duty and our final Felicity. 

^^ But fince our Reafon is fo defedive both in its 
^* Difcovery of our Ruin and our Reftoration, God 
/^ has been pleafed to teach us in a more immediate 
<* manner by the Light of Revelation, and hasgivoi 
^« to Mankind early Difcoveries of his Mind and 
•^ Will before Scripture was written 5 and then, by 
^* A/iy^j and other Holy Writers, he has furnifhed 
** them with a Knowledge of their original Apof- 
*' tacy from God, their Guilt and Wrctchednefs ; 
*' and he has been ever fince leading them onwards 
** by different Steps or Degrees towards the full 
** Difcovery of his Will and their Salvation by 
•« Jefus Chrift the Mediator. 

•« Andfince the Revelations of God to Men have 
<* beenfo very early and various, and have been 
*' delivered to us by different Perfons and in diffe- 
*« rent Ages, there may be fome Difficulties arifing 
** from this Variety, there may be fome feeming In- 
" confiftences between the feveral Parts of it, and 
*« fome fuppofed Oppofitions to the Light of Reafon : 
^^ Yet it isccrtain thatthe two only Lights which God 
^ hath favoured us with, in order to learn his Will 
" and our E>uty, can never contradift themfelves 
*« nor each other. There is not anyone Part of di- 
'« vine Revelation which is. really inconfiftent with 
*« Rfeafon, or with any other Part of Revelation it- 
^» felf. There is certainly a glorious Connexion and 
<^- divinfe Harmony between them all, and all join 
'* together to make up one compleat Scheme, gra- 
'< dually advancing to Pcrfe&ion, and terminating 
«* aild centering at laft in our full Recovery to the 
*> Favour and Image of God by the promifed 
*» McJJutbef Saviour. 

*' ' Npw. as^ the Revelation of God in antlluftri- 
<^ ous Manner fu]f)f}Ii^ the De^ciences of oilr-Rea- 

«* fon. 

Digitized by 


Art, 4, For JUL ¥> 1740; 4^ 

^< fon» and enlightens our natural Darknefi x^ the 
*< Knowledge of divine things, fo the Eitcrdife of 
*« our Reafpning Powers ^ very neceflary to affift 
<< us not only in the underftanding of the feveral 
<^ Parts of Revelation, but m reconciling cbeon to 
^< eachother, as ^ell as to the Dittos of right Reafon. 
V" 'Tis our Reafon which fliews Us thiji bkft Harmony* 

*' If I have been fo happy as to&t thefe Tnitiis, 
^* which Scripture has revealed concriming our 
** Mifery and the divine Mercy> in fo favourable a 
*\ Light, as to make it evident to well difpofed and 
** impartial Readers, hpw far they are fupported by 
^^ Heafon itfelf, and to difcover and maintainor this 
^^ Agreement between thefe two difFerent Manifofta* 
*' tions of God to Man, \ have attained my End t 
*« If I have been cnabl^ iuany Mcafure to render 
*^ thofe Sacred Truths m<ire imcUigibte aad more 
i* credible to the fincere Inquirers after Truch^ and 
♦« to relieve the divine Revelations of Scri^Kure a- 
f gainft the Cavils of an A^ which greatly pre- 
^< tends to Reafon^ I ifaall accoimtmy Labour well 
** employed. * 

<* The Peitt will h^ve no longer Caufeto tri- 
^< umph in the Aflurances of his Attacks agginft 
*^ Scripture, nor (hall the Chriflian wane- Patter 
*^ for his Satisfaftion and Joy, when he fees his di- 
«* vine Rd^ion vindicated by the Powers of Rea- 
« fon. 

*' My chief Defign, and that which, has regu* 
<< lated all my Medications and Resi^onings^ is to 
^^ eflablifii and confirm what appears td nae to be. 
*^ plain Matter of Fad in the finful zxA ipiferablQ 
*^ Circumftances of all the ChA^xtXi xi Jiiam hy 
V Nature, and their Hopes of Recovery by divine 
*' Grace, fo far ai cither the Light <)if. Nature or 
<« Scripture would affift me y atid to vjodicate t\i% 
«« naoral Perfeaions of God* his HoHnefs, juftice, 
*< and Goodncfe hJbii Works of Providence and 

<* Grace, 

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42 7^ Works ^/A^Learked. Art. 4, 

«* Grace, or in his whole Government of the 
«* World." 

Our Author's Scheme is laid, as he tells us, in 
the original ReSitude of Man, and his early 2)<fg^- 
Hrrnry into Sin and >Mifcry j and he imagines he 
has drawn, from the meer Light of Nature, fuffi- 
cicnt Proof and Evidence of both thefe. Some O- 
{»nions he has adopted, which are fuppofed to be 
borrowed from the common Schemes of orthodox 
Writers, but he defires they may not be at once rcr 
nounced with Contempt and Difdain, by an Age 
Twhich is fond of Novelty and Reafoning : For he 
lays, ** Perhaps there may be fome Reafbnings 
^* here brought to fupport them, which have not 
*^ been fet in a clear and full Light by former 
«• Writers •, and notwithftanding their old-fafiioned 
«< Appearances, thefe may be found to be di- 
«< vine Truths.'* On the other hand, if any new 
Thoughts are darted, they ought by no means to 
be rcjcdted on that Account : The Author may be 
forgiven, who has fbmetimes, as he fays, enter- 
ed into an untrodden Path, not willingly, but he 
has been conftrained to it, in order to folve fiich 
Difficulties as we have never yet feen relieved, to 
the general Satisfaction of Men, by all the ufual 
and cbnKHon Tracks of Argument. 

Neither Novelty^ nor Antiquity of Opinion, as 
he adds, can make any certain Pretences to Truth, 
nor can they be eftecmed juft Prejudices againft it : 
A6 there are many divine Truths, which have been 
known and acknowledged from all Antiquity, fo 
there are others, which have never been feen in their 
fall Force and' Pcrfpicuity fince the Days of our 
Saviour and ImeI Apoftlcs-; there are fome facred 
Verities, which have had much Darknefs difFufed 
around th^mf by-early Corruptions of the Faith, and 
by the Coritnovftf fies of focceeditjg Ages ; and thefe 
Hand in need of feiiift further -Light to diflipate 


Digitized by 


Art. 4- For JUL Y, 1740. 43 

that Darknefs, and reftore them to their primitive 


Our Author propofes his Thoughts to the World, 
in the Treatife now before us^ in hope to clear up 
fonie Difficulcies in our holy Religion, and to iheqr 
how far our own Reafon may fupport what Scrip- 
ture reveals. — He fubmits his Sentiments to tlic 
Fublick ; he will not pcrfu^de any Man to be <X 
his Opinions^ till he is convinced of the Truth of 
them J and whenever he fees Caufe, he will change 
them himfelf. He does not pofitively aflcrt or af- 
firfn fcveral Things which Ije has here written, for 
he knows himfelf a weak fallible Creature,' and }i 
is no Wonder if he fhould fall into Miftakcs. He 
will be glad to fee a faferahd more confident Scheme 
on thefe Subjects prqpoied to the World, which 
may reftify all the Errors of his with convincir^ 
Evidencq, and Matter our Darknefles like a rifing 

Thi^ Volume contains, after an Introduftioti 
proving the original Reditude of human Nature, 
a Solution of Sixteen Queries, which clofe wilh a 
Reprefentation of the Advantages of the AutlaqWs 
whole Syftem^ and an Appendix, of three Effayj. 
The Queftions are thefe following : 

I. Is Man, in his prefent Circumftances, fuch a 
Creature as he came out of the Hands of Qod his 
Creator? Or is he depraved and ruined by fomc 
univerfal Degeneracy of his Nature ? 

II. How came this general Degeneracy, Vice, a0d 
Mifery, to overlpread Mankind in all Nations, , and 
in all Ages? 

III. How could a holy, a wife, and .fi^iteous 
God, who is alfo a Being of infinite Gopdnefs, 
eftablifh fuch a Conftitution, ^thajt ^U Mankind 
ihould derive their Joeing from fuch a jAtura,!. Pa- 
ren]t apjl legal Rcprefen?M;ivf^, ; whereby fuch uni- 
verfifl SiQ(ulnefs and.Mifcryflwuld, in the Events 


Digitized by 


44 TiBf Works of the Leaknsd. Art 4, 

be fpread through all human Nature in all follow* 
ing Ages ? 

IV. But has it'not an Appearance of Injuftice, in 
thfc Creator and Gpvcrnor ol the World, to make 
Jo n»ny Millions fuflfer for the Sin of One ? 

V.' Thc^ the Juftice of thefe Tranfactions may 
be granted in foihe meafure, where the Reprefenta- 
five is chofen by the actqa| and freie Conient of all 
thofe whom he repreients } yet, fince this was not 
the Cafe between the fir^ Man and all hi9 Poller 
rity j fincc they never confcnted that he ihould act 
for them, nor ever intrufted him to pais the Trial 
in their dead, therefore, why (hould they fall under 
the Penalty and Milery due to his Folly and 

Vli Man is a Creature made op of two diftinft 
^arts, Soul and Body : Jfow if b6th thefe were de- 
rived from the Parents by a natural Propagation, 
chen all Mankind may be faid to derive their vici- 
ous Appetites, and Paflion;, and finftil Inclinations 
from their firft Parent, which had corrupted an^ 
fpoiled his own Nature by Sin : But fince it is gene- 
rally agreed, that the Body is only propagated froni 
the Parents, but the Soul of every Infant is imme- 
diately fornaod by Gfod himfclf, and united to the 
Infant-body; how is it poflible that the Soul fhould 
be defiled with finful Principles, and partake of vi^ 
cious Inclinations, when 'tis only the Body that 
properly comes into the World by Generadon ? 

VII. But if we allow, that it is^ffible the nc>f 
freated Soul fhould be thus corrupted, yet is it 
agreeable to the Juftice, or Wifdom, or Goodnefs 
of God to create fo many Millions of Soiris pure, 
innocent and holy, as they muft be in their own 
Natures, coming from the Hands of God,' and xks 
ijinite them immediately to foch Bod ics^' derived from 
finful Parents, and infefted with vicious Ferments*- 
and Appetites, whereby they are fo early and al- 


Digitized by 


ArU4- » ^<^ J ^ J^ Y, 1740, 4^ 

moft unavqid^bly led imo finfql Pra£tice9» and de*- 
filed thereby ? . . 

VIIL Suppofe it were granted, that this Repre* 
fentation of Things would in. a great Mcafqire aA* 
count for the univcrial Deli^e of Sin and JMifery^ 
which has overfpread Nf ankind, yet what Rcafon 
have we to believe it to be true? Does the Wcwd 
of God, which is oyr trueft and iafeft Guide, give 
us the 4me Reprefentation of Things, or fupport 
this Scheme? 

. IX. What can the Light of Nature . difcover 
concerning the proper Penalty doe to the Sin (jt 
Man, or die [xroper Puniihnient inflided on Magi 
for Sin? - 

X. What can the Reafoi» of Man, or the JUghc 
of Nature find ouc ^pnc^ndng the Rec;pypry of 
Man 10 the Favour of God? Or what Hc()e*of 
Pardon and Happinefs can finful Mankind ever 
obuin by the noerc Exerciics of their own Reafon ? 

XI. What does Scripture lifiveal to us cgncern«' 
ing the Punilhment due to Sin ? Or what are we so 
^nderftandi^ that Death which, the Scripj^ure te^f 
us, was threaten'd to Man as the Penalty due to 
the firft Ofience, or aa it is inBidted on Mankind 
on the Account of Sin ? 

Xin What does the Holy Scripture uev^l cqn*- 
ceming the Recovery of Mankind from the 
Sin and Mit?ry of that Eftate, into which . they 
were brought by the Difobedience of jiMm ? And 
how far does |hi^ Recovery reach, both with regard 
tp the Pferfons recovered, and with regard to the De* 
grccs of their Recovery ? 

XIIL How far has the gloripus Undertaking of 
our Lprd Jefiis Cbrifi provided apy Hppe of, Salr 
vation fpr thofe, who were not etopnally choicn, 
and given into the Hands of Cbrijt. toi be redeemed 
andfaved? . . a . u. ^ '.^ 

' • ' ' ^ Xir. Can 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

46 ^ra^WORK^g/* /iS^LEARNED. Art. 4^ 

XIV. Can the diffei*ent Opinions of Cbriflians 
concerning the Operations of Divine Grace on the 
Souls of Men be reconciled ? 

'XV. What is the State and Condition of the 
Heathens^ who have nevef ktard of the Gofpel •, 
or have utterly forgot, and !oft all Notice of it? 

XVI- What will be the State and Condition of 
thaii large Part of Mankind, who die in rnfaricy. 
under any of the Difpenfations of the Covenant of 

Of the three Eflays whi<?h make up the Appen- 
dix to thcfe Queries and their Anfwcrs, thtfirfi is, ^ 
Debate, whether the prefent Mifccies^of Man alone 
will prove his Apoftacy froni God, The fecorid 
is, a plain Explication of the Doftrine of imputed 
Sin and imputed Righteoufneft. The thnrd is, on 
the Guilt, and Defilement of Sin, with an Inquiry 
how far they may be transferred to others. 

Thefe Queries comprife almofl the whole Scheme^ 
of Providence towards Man, in his moral Capacity, 
1 wi-ll^ as Opportunity offers, give the Reader the' 
beft Idea 1 can, in a few Words, of bur Author's' 
Solution of them. To begin : ' 

In the Introdudion he proves Man to have been 
created upright, from our natural Ideas of the Juftice 
and Goodnefs of God. From the Confideration of 
thcfe he evinces the Truth of the enfuing Propofitions. 
I. Man muft have been endowed with a PefjtEli- 
on of natural Powers^ both of Body and Spirit^ con* 
fidered as in a State of Union, and fuited to his 
prefent Circumftancefl. -Not that we are to fuppofe 
he ihould be made fo pterfeft a Being as God could 
make him ; for the Divine Wifdom plainly defigncd 
to difplay its unb(«Jnddd Varieticdof Contrivande in' 
different Ranks and Ordifrs of his Cr<iation: Nor 
can we reafonably imagine he Ihoutd b#?nade* with 
fuch fublime Perfcftions at firft, as he Kirhfelf 
might afterwards arrive at by a wife ImptDvemcnt 


Digitized by 


Art. 4. P^ JULY, 1740. 47 
of his Pothers. But ftill he muft have Powers per- 
fedtly fufficient for his prefenc well-being and afting 
in that Station wherein his Creator placed him* 
Under this Head our Author (hews, that he muft' 
have been formed in a Condition of perfedt Eafe^' 
without any natural Tendency in his animal Body to 
Pains, Diftafes, or Deaths while he remained inho- 
cent ; that his intelledtual Faculties and moral Dif-' 
pofitions muft he fuitably excellent; his Realbn 
clear, his Judgment uncorruptcd, his Confciencc 
upright and fenfible, his Will propenfe to Holinefe 
and Virtue. 

II. Tho* Man might be made with a. perfect 
Freedom of Will, that fo he might be put in a State 
of Probation % yet it leems neceflarily to fpllow 
from the Juftice and Goodnefs of God, that he 
(hould not only have a fuperior Propenfity to Righ- 
tcoufnefs implanted in him, but alfo ^ full Sufficiency 
of Power to preferve bimfelf in this State of Obedi- 
ence and Love to his Creator. 

III. It is highly probable from the Goodnefe of 
God, that fuch a Creature would be privileged with 
Powers to arrive at higher Degrees of Excellency^ 
and Happinefsj than thofe with which he was at firft 
formed. ■ 

IV. The Habitation of fuch an innocent and holy 
Cceature, fliould be a very beautiful and magnifi- 
cent Building, furniflied with all manner of Necef- 
faries, Conveniencies, and Delights of Life. 

V. If this Creature had Power to propagate its 
own Kind, the Child Ihould be innocent and holy, 
and capable of maintaining its Duty and Happine($ 
as well as the Parent, *• . 

Now, fays our Aut;hpr^ if fhefc are the Qualifica- 
tions .with whiclvfuch a new-made Creature ihould 
be endued, andthefe the Circumftances in which 
our Reafon would judge from the Wifdom, Juftice, 
and Goodncis of God, that he ought to be (ituated ; 


Digitized by 


4$ The W6Rk$ g^/Af^LEAjiifED. ArU4* 

then by a careful Survey of whac Mankind now is, 
and a Comparifon theteof with the ^bregong Re- 
prefentatlon^ we may arrive at fomc petcrmination, 
whether Mankind h at prefept fuch a Creature as. 
God originally made him: which is tl^ Subject of 
the enfiiing Enquiry, prfirft Queftion,'i;isl Is Man 
in bis prefini Circumfiances fuch as he came out of 
the Hands of Us Creator ? Or. is be depraved and 
tuined by Jdme univerfal Degeneracy of bis Na^ 

Fgt the ReiblUtion of this Point, our Author ob- 
fervesj Firjl^ That this Earth carries with it fomc 
evident Tokens of Ruin, and does net fcem to be 
ordained in its prefent Form and Circumfiances^ for 
the Habitation of innocent Being$ ; but is miore 
apparently fitted for the Abode of Creatures, who 
are degenerated and fallen from God« To make 
good this Pofition, he takes a Survey of the terra- 
queous Globe ; he remarks how brolcen and irregu- 
lar the Surface of it is j how difpofed the Parts and^ 
Appendages of it are to efFeft the Mifery and Ex-' 
tinftion oF the Inhabitants : " What vaft fradured 
** Mountains hang frightfully over the Heads of 
*' Travellers ? What ftqpendous Cliffs .and Pro- 
^^ moritories rife high and hideous to behold? What 
" dreadful Precipices, which make our Nature gid- 
" dy to look down, and are ready to ^betray our 
*^ Feet into Downfalls and Deftrudtion? What im* 
*' menfe Extents of wafte and barren Ground in 
'•^ fome Countries? What hideous and unpaflable 
*« Defarts ? What broad and faithlels Moraffes, 
*' which are made at once both Deaths and Graves 
*' to Travellers, who venture upon them? What 
" huge ruinous Caverns of frightful Afpcft, deep 
*.' and wide, big enough to bury whole Cities ? " 
In the like Strain our Author expatiates on many 
other Circumftances, which he regards as ftrong In- 
dications of our Earth's being defigned for a Dwcl- 

' ** ling 

Digitized by 


^vu n. F^r ] V L Y, 1740. ■ 4$ 

iing of fbme unhappy Beings, who did or would 
tranfgrefs the Laws of their Maker, ami deeply me* 
ric Defolation iron) his Hand -, fuch as Deluges^ 
tremendous WatcrfaHs, Vulcanos, Earthquakes^ 
Lightning, and "Hurricanes. Thcfe feem, he fays^ 
to be evident Tokens ©f the a^oal Difpleafure of 
God againft the Inhabitants of this Globe. ** Nor 
f ' can we ever fi^ppofe, that an infinitely good and 
^< gracious Being wodd have ori|;inally fb formed 
f' and governed the inanimaie Parts of this lower 
^ World, as CO produce fuch deadly Concuffiows 
<^ and fiach defoJs^ng Appear^ices, if he had not 
f * deftiqpd it to be the Hat»tation of fuch Crea- 
^< tures, as he forefaw would become Rebels againft 
f ' their Creator, ^ deferve the Strokes of his In- 
" dignation. 

II. In the next Place, our Author takes a 
View of the vegi table Produ^kms of our Ea»-dt, 
together with the brute Animals chat live on the Face 
of it, andsntheie he finds Reafons to conclude, 
that Man is by no means fuch a picture, fo inno- 
cent, and fo much a Favourite of Heavcil, as he 
muft needs be whea he came firft out of his Ma- 
ker's Hands. The poifen^us Plants, fpringing up 
here and there, without a&y firfHcient Diftinftion, 
that Man might know how to avoid them ; the A- 
bundance of Briars, Thorns, Thiftles, and various 
Weeds, which almoft every Soil produces, and 
which are fodefl-rudive to Corn, the Food of Man, 
and create fo much Vexation to the painful Tillers of 
the Field •, the ungovernable and refiftlefe Beads of 
Prey, and Fifties of the Deep, which fo often tare 
and devour the human Race,, the Panthers, Leo- 
pards, Sharks and Crocodiles, all afford Arguments 
of the Degeneracy of Man, and the confcquent 
Pi^leafure of Heaven. Our Author proceeds, and 
infers the fame from the many Tribes of the Serpent 
ini YipBr-kind, armed with deadly Venom to bite 

.E and 

Digitized by 


5© Tie Works of the Lje arned. Art. 4^ 

and kill Man ; from the immenfe Flights of Lo- 
cufts, which lay the Fields dcfolatcj from the 
winged Arnii;:s ot. Hornets and Mufcatoes, that 
make the fineft Countries almoft intolerable, by 
the incellant Attacks they make on the People with 
their painful Stings ^ from the innumerable Hofts 
of Caterpillars, which in a Night or two turn % 
Garden into a Dcfart. 

To what our Author has faid upon thefe Heads, 
St may, he owns, be objeded, ** That thefe Mif- 
** chiefs of the animal and vegitable World might 
*« be permitted for the Trial even ot innocent Man 
** in a State of Probation ; efpecially fince it is 
^ certain, good Men are liable to* the malevolent 
** Influences of them during their Situation here> 
«^ which is a State of Trial j but God can re- , 
<* ward the Suffereris in a future State, which ac- 
*' counts for his permitting them to be thus expofed 
** at prefent. ** To this he anfwers, 

Ftrfi^ There is a great Difference to be made be- 
tween innocent Creatures in a State ' of Probation, 
and finfiil Creatures in the fame State. Thefe pain- 
ful Events, which now fall upon degenerate Man,. 
wQuld have been all righteous, whether they had 
been in a State of Trial or no: But mofl: of them 
plainly declare the puniihing Hand of God as well 
as the Probation of Creatures, and therefore it fup- 
pofc'S them not s to be innocent. Whereas if thefe 
Plagues had abounded in an innocent World, the 
Inhabitants would Icarcely have found fufHcient 
Caufe to rejoice in their Condition, or to thank 
their Maker, as every innocent Being would furely 
have Occafion and Reafon to do. 

Secondly^ The State of Probation for innocent 
Creatures would not have included in it a lingering 
painful Death, fuch as flows from fome of the fore- 
named Plagues and Mifchiefs upon the Earth. Our 
Dying is fuppgfed by Mafes to be a Curfc of God 

^ for 

Digitized by 


Art. 4, For JULY, 1740. 5 r 

for jthp Si? of Man: And when once Life is 
forfeited, and the whple human Race devoted to 
Death by fome univerfal Degeneracy, then a painful 
IJeath may properly becpme a Part of the farther 
Trial of fuch Creatures who are to rife again : And 
any who are pious Sufferers among them, may be 
rewarded by a happy RefurreAion. 

Upon the whole therefore he pronounces, fuch 
Evils do not feem to be made for a World of inno- 
cent and intellectual Beings, to vex and difturb, to 
poifbn and deftroy them. 

III. The Manner of our Introdudllon into Life 
and Being in this World, is another Proof that we are 
OOt the innocent Favourites of Heaven. Can we ever 
imagine the good God would have appointed intel- 
lectual Animals to be propagated in a way that fhould 
necefTarily give fuch exquifite Anguifh to the Mo- 
(!hers who produce them, if we had all been ac- 
Qounted jn his Eyes a Race of finlefs Beings? And 
if the Crime had not been univerfal, why fhould 
fuch acute, Pangs attend almoft every female Pa- 
rent ? 

IV. It may be confidered, how the generality of 
Mankind are preferved in Life, viz. by hard La- 
bour of the Body, and grievous Fatigue of their 
Joints, Limbs, and all their natural Powers. Tho* 
fome very few may be exempted from fuch Toils 
^nd Hardfliips, yet vaftly the Majority, as our Au- 
thor very pathetically fets forth, make a hard fliifr, 
even in the moft plenteous Countries, to keep out 
Famine .and fupport their wretched Exiftence. Their 
whole Time is devoured with the Labours of the 
Flefli, and their Souls ever befet and almoft eaten up 
vyith gnawing Cares and Anxieties to anfwer this 
important Queftion, PPl)at Jhall I eat^ and what 
Jball 1 drink, even in the pooreft and. coarfcft man- 
ner ? " But if we fend our Thoughts to the fultry 
•^ Regions of Africa^ the Frofts and Snows of Nor- 
E 2 ** w^J'f 

y Google 

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52 T^he Works of the JLe arned. Art. 4. 

«' way^ and the Rocks and Dcfarts of Lapland 
«< and Northern tartary^ what ^ hideous and 
" frightful Thing is human J-.ifein thofe pimjites! 
•^ How is the rational Nature of Man loft between 
'^ their Slavery, their Brutality, and their inceffant 
" Labours and DiftreiTes ! They are treated like 
^< Brutes by their Lords, a.n4 they live li^c Dogs 
« and Affes, among Want, Hunger, Wearinefs, 
«* Blows and Efurdens without End. Did God ap-f 
*' point this for Innocents? 

Here our Author taks notice, that fomp may aU 
ledge, there is a Pleafpre in eating ;jnd drinl^ing, 
which compenfates the Pain of prqcuring our Fopd. 
But alas ! as he favs, ckn this (hqrt Pfeafure of % 
few Minutes be fuppofed a foil Recompeqce for the 
inceflant Labours of Life ? Does it b^ar ai)y Pro- 
portion to the Length of Toil, Pain and Hazard ^ 
the tirefomp Fatigues of our Spirits apd our Limbs, 
^Therewith tbp Provifions of Life are procured ? 

V. If we rcfledl: on the Charaftcr, Temper and 
Quality of Mankind in general, with regam to Re-' 
ligion and Virtue, we (hall hardly perfoade ourfcivcs 
that thefe are Creatures who enjoy the Favour of 
their Maker, or who bear his Imjige, as bis origi-:' 
nal and native OfF-fpring pqght to do. 

Here and there, 'tis owned, a few Pcrfbns are 
reftored to fome Degree of Conformity with God, 
and are become his Children, by a divine Change 
of their Natures: But the Bulk of the World are 
of another Stamp and Charadter, and fufBciently 
fliew there is fome finful and fatal Contagion fprea^ 
ihro* the Inhabitants of this Province of Qod*^ 
Dominion. Our Author here exhibits a difmal 
Scene of the Ignorance, Impiety ap4 Prophanenefs 
of the human Species : . He proceeds afterwards to 
obferve, that, 

VI, Not only thofe who are .OTown up to mature 
Age, but even' Mankind in its younger Years, be- 

Digitized by 


Art, 4.' P^ J tr L Y, 1740. 53 

Gih it li dipable of propfer moral Aftions, difcovers 
tht l^rlncipks of Iniquity, and the Seeds of Sin. 
TKis ab\ihdiant)y appears by the Spite and Envy, 
the Malice 2ttid Rage, that by their Actions are fuf- 
flciently difcovered to have taken Root in the Hearts 
of very InfenM, as well 2ts by the Crimes of Lying 
arid Ddceit, the Obtlinacy and Perverfenefi, thac 
5lcmi(h their After-years of Childhood, l^or can 
thefe vicipiis Projieiifitifes be imputed, as he fays, 
to any Influence of Cuftom, feducaiion, or Example, 
feeing they are vifibl6 in Children before they can 
take notice of any fuch Examples, or are capable of 
fach Imitiation : And he adds, that even in the beft 
Families, Whgrfe' the ^reatett Advantages both of 
Eiahiple ind InftruCtion are' to be found, yet theif- 
Hearth hatufally run aftray from God, Our Au- 
thor advances aivers Particulars under this Head, 
which ardcorifirmfedby daily Experience. 

VlL To give a yet fuller Confirmation of this 
Tru'th, thit Mankind have a corrupt Nature in 
ihettiy he wolild ha:Ve us remark. That whfcre Per- 
ibns haVe nbt only beien from the fifft pioufly edu- 
Ca:fed, but haVe taken a religious Turn betimes, 
and fought after true Wifdom and Piety, they yet 
find within themfelvis fad arid perpetual Hindrances 
to a' Couf fe of Ktolinefs, And, as he notes a little 
aft^r^ards; thfc^e' is nbt a Man who may not moUrh 
6ver hlnlfelf in the' Language of St. Paul^ O 
i^Hichid Cfeatu/e^ U^bo Jhdll deliver me from this 
riatfv6 Dif6'fd6r^ this inWard Plague, thefe evil Pro- 
piehfitiis of my Nature ? 

VIlI. It may be further argued, that Man is a 
fallen Creadiirfe, becaXife he is fo far infecbled or cor- 
rupted, that he has not a' ready and praHical Power 
to pi^forrA the Law of his Maker, which, how- 
dver, toritiriu^s to be writteh in his Heart by Na- 
Ciite. iTilder this Article our Author offers to de- 
E 3 monftrate, 

Digitized by 


54 ^^ Works of the Learned. Art. 4. 

monftrace, that the moral and praSical Powers of 
Man, in the prefent State, are by no means pro* 
portionate to the Law of God, and to his Duty, 
but vaftly inferior to them. *^ Now, fays he, would 
*» a wife, a juft, and a merciful God have formed 
<* fuch intclledual Beings originally in fuch a 
" wretched Eftate, that their Powers (hould be fo 
*• much below their Duties, that the^ break his 
" Law continually, and it may befaid, that' what-* 
" foever natural Faculties they have, yet they have 
" not a prdSlical Sufficiency of Power to perform 

IX. Another Proof of the Fall of Mankind iis 
this, that they do not only fie under thiaforefaid Inca- 
pacities, but alfo evidently fuffer under God's adu- 
al Difpleafure, which could not be their primaeval 
State. Here our Author lays before us a brief Sur- 
vey of the Miferies of the human Race, that we 
may fee whether they look like a Clafe of Beings, 
fuch as their Creator made them. He bids us think 
of the Thoufands of rational Creatures dcfcending 
hourly to Death and the Grave, fome by a fudden 
Stroke, but far the greater Part by flow and painful 
Approaches ; of the Multitudes that are rack*dDay 
and Night, with extreme Torture, by the Gontaiid 
Stone, the Chofick and Kheumatifm, and all man- 
ner of acute and painful Difeafesj of the dif- 
irial Warfare and Bloodlhed, that have one Time or 
other overfpread all Nations j of the vaft Numbers 
that are fwallowed up in the mighty Waters, by the 
Rage of ftormy Winds and Seas 5 of the immenlc 
Tribes that have been fwcpt away by the Peftilence, 
or have had their Nature and Life worn out by the 
tedious Agonies of Famine ; that have been crufHed 
into Mifcry and Death in their own Dwellitigs by 
Earthquakes, or have had all their Bones bruifed, 
their Limbs disjointed and broken, and their Flcfli 
battered by the Fall of Houfes, and, been buried 


Digitized by 


Art. 4: For JUL Y, 1740; 55 

alive in the Ruin of whole Towns and Villages, 
while their Neighbours have been fwalloWed up in 
Multitudes by the difmal Eruptions of Fire aiid 
Water breaking out of the Earth. Let us furvey 
thefe Scenes of Horror, Which I but juft mention^ 
and the many others on which our Author likewife 
expatiates, and then fay. Would a God of Juftice. 
and (jooanefe treiat innocent Creatures at this Rate, 
or expofe them to thefe formidable Mifchiefs ? Are 
thefe the Signals of their Maker's Love, or of their 
own original Virtue ? Or does not this World, which 
is the Theatre of them, look like a Province half 
forfaken of its gracious Governour, and almoft 
^iven up to MifchieiF and Mifcry ? But, 

X. Not only thpfe who are grown up in Iniqui- 
t^j and mif be fiippofed to be punifhed for thtir 
own Sins, but even all Mankind in their earlieft 
Moments are under fome Tokens of the divine 
Difpleafure, before they are capable of being per- 
fonal Tranfgreflbrs. This our Author evinces by 
an affefting Detail not only of the Agonies that a- 
i^ait our Birth but of the various Calamities that are 
Afterwards incident tb bur infant Age, and from 
which, in ohci E)egree or another, hdne df u& ar^ 
exempted. Thefe, as he note^, manifeflly prove 
that we are not then treated asi the innocent Crea- 
tures of a God of Love and Compalfion, as young 
Favourites of Heaven, but rather as a little ibrt of 
triminals under fome general Curie and Piihifh- 

Some have pretended to account for thfc CilirhU 
tics of Infants, by faying, that God rewards them 
fiifBcieqtly in another State, fbr their Sufferings 
here. But againft this our Author anfwers. That we 
are not warranted either by Reafon or Scripture to 
alTert, that all Children which die are taken to Hea- 
Ven •, that they are fubjedt to no Pains hereafter, or 
that their Souls are not annihilated at £>eath ; and 
£ 4 upon 

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56 7^^ Works ^ the Le ARitfm * ^ Art j^ 

upon any of thcfe Suppofitions there is no Recom* 
pence tor the Pains they endure. Befides^ Million^ 
grow up, and if they (hould prove aftually wicked, 
and be at laft fent to Hetl, what Compenfation have 
they for their Infant Maladies ? or ihall it be faid, 
that God punifhed them while they were Innocent, 
becaufe he foreknew they would fm ? neither Rea- 
fon or Scripture foggefts any fuch Idea of God^s 
d)caling with his Creatures. And yet further, as our 
Author afks, how, on this Scheme^ can ajiy Crea- 
tures know what they are puniflied for t And what 
wife or gpod End can this their Punifhment obtain, 
when no Creature can know what they are puniffied 
for in their Infancy^ if it be not for fome univerfal 
Degeneracy of the whole Race? 

XL If we coiled all thefe Scenes of Iniquity^ 
Folly, and Wretchednefs, even among the bettpr 
Iprt of Men as well as the worft, in younger Yearsi 
as well as in more advanced Age, and take a Survey 
of them in their total Sum*, it is fufficiently^ evident 
that Creatures in fuch frnful and miferable Circum- 
ftances, are not fuch a6 came out of the Hands- of 
their Creator, who is wife and righteous, holy and 
good. There is fcarccly any thing in this Propofi- 
tion» or our Author's Reafoning opon^ it, different 
from what has been afore advanced. Perhaps it was 
only thrown in to introduce the following Objcdion, 
with its Reply. Thus fome may fay. That this laying 
all Mankind under fuch a Charge of Guik and 
Wretchednefs without Eifception, is more than our 
Experience will allow; 'tis acknowledged that many 
are now guilty and miferable, tho' they were born 
Innocent, but ft ill a far greater Part have more mo- 
ral Good than Evil in them, and have more Pleafure 
than they have Pain ; and therefore upon the whole. 
Mankind muft not be pronouced a finfuland a mi- 
ferable Being : And if God has appointed fuch a Con- 
ftitution as is beft upon the whole, and is favourable 


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Art. 4. For JULY, 1740^ 57 

to the Bulk of the Worlds this is fufficient to vindi« 
cate the Juftice of God, and then the few Sufferers^ 
have no Reafon to complain. It is the Cafe under the 
bed of hiiman ConAitutiooSji that fonie Perfons whcr 
were once Innocent wil( grow Wicked ; and thai 
even ibme innocent Perfons may be laid under una- 
voidable Hardfhips : yet all account thofe to be joft 
Conftitutions^ which provide for the Wellfare of the 
O^erality, tho' here and there will be an unhappy 
Inftaoce of Guilt and Mifery. 

To this Objedli'on our Author anTwers, 

Firji J To pronounce a Man miferable, k Is 
granted be muft have more Pain than Pkafure \ but 
to pronounce him a Sinner, there is no Neceffity 
that his moral Evil fliould tranfcend his^ood. If 
a Man had a hundred Virtues, one Vice in the fight 
of God would make him a Criminal > one finful 
A&ion would break the Law of his Maker, and 
iubgeA him to his juft I>ifpleafure : fb that all Men 
are certainly under this Condemnation, that they are 
Sinners every one of themj and, confcquendy, ex- 
pofed to the Anger of hin^ that made them« And 
thus, witl^ regard to their Sinfulmfs^ our Author's 
Argument, he fays, ftands in full Force* 

As. for M/ir>even fuppofing that there are man]f 
ij^eribns whole Plealures exceed their Uneafinefles \ 
yet 'tis certain there are great Numbers alfo whofe 
.pains, juftly compared with their Plealures, willap« 
pear by far to eicceed them v and it is hard to fay 
how this ihould come to pa&, if Mankind were all 
Innocent and Ebppy by Nature, as they arb now 
born into the World. Their univcrfai Sinfulnefe 
therefore, and the Mifery of Multitudes, muft con- 
clude them all under fonie fpreading Degeneracy. 

Secondly^ Although the Makers of human Laws 
are not abde to frame fuch Conftitutions as fhall cer- 
tainly iecure the Happinefs of all the Innocent, be- 
caufe ot tbdr narrow Views of Things and of fu- 

Digitized by 


^%. 7leW6KK^ of tBe Leagued. Art. 4; 

ture Events 5 we muft not think nor fpeak thus of 
^e divine Law-givcr, and the Governor of all 
Things. He grafps at bnce all Poflibles as well ii 
Fottlr^s \n his prefent Vie^^r, arid can thetefore guard 
againft any Injilry that might befell Innocent Be- 
ings*, nor will divine Juftice lufFer driy Mifchicjf 
tb light upon any fingle Individual without equal Re- 
com Jience 5 for tbe Judfe of all the Earth will do right 4 
Thirdly y Tho' the Bulk of Mankind in the pre- 
fent Conftitution of Things; coold be proired to ht 
Happy, by their Pleafures eicetding their Pains, 
yet this gives rid nianner of Satisfaftion, if any one 
Individual fufFers Mifery Under the fartie Conftituti- 
on without Demerit. 

XII. To give a little further i^ofce tb this Argu* 
inent : After the Survey of all thefe Miferies, let u^ 
coriflder what low arid fordid PJeafurcs the Bulk of 
Mankind are ih purfuit of, to relieve them under 
this Train of Wretchednefs> and then ^fH» whether 
thefe are fuited to a Race of Intelligent and Innocent 
Crfeatures. Here our Author firft cafts a Glance at 
the Sports of Childreri, fi-orii flte to fifteen Years of 
Age, which have nothing in them becoinirig bur I- 
deas of young Angels dreft in Flefli and Blood 5 not 
to mention the early Iniquity that appears tbbe min- 
gled with them. He next takes a View of the Delights 
of Men, which he (hews to be ih ^teat mfeafure either 
foolifli*and irrational Satisfadidnsi brdbwnfight fin- 
ful. He clofes his Detail of therii with this Refle£Uori> 
That if we take a diie Survey of the very Pleafdrcs 
of the Mafs of Mankind, as well as df their Sor- 
rows, we may learn from thence, that we are by n6 
means fuch Creatures as our Creator made tisj . but 
that there is fome great and univerfal Degeneracy 
' fprcad over all the Generations of Men. 

XIII. One more Proof of the general Ruin and 
fallen State of the human Nature i^, our Pofting to 
the Grave, and an invifiblc future World, which 


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Art ^i For JULY, 1746. 55^ 

we profcfs alfo to believe, and yet hardly taking any 
Care, or being in the leaft felicitous about this great 
and awfiil Event. After expatiating upon^this Head, 
and recapitulating the Subjedis that have been now 
infifted on, our Author aflcs leave to make one Re- 
mark, and that is " ortthe Unfeafonablenefsof deny- 
" ingthis Doftrtne'of the univerfal Depravity of 
*» Mankind, and renouncing it in every Degree, when 
*« it appears fo evident to our Senfes, and to con- 
^' ftant Experience in fo many thoufand Inftances. '* 
And what, he alks, is the chief Temptation that 
leads fome Men to this ? only becaufe they cannot 
fatisfaftorily account for fome of the Difficulties at- 
tending it. Many of the Heathen Philofophers be- 
lieved it, from their daily Survey of Mankind, 
though they were utterly at a lofs how to folve it i 
and fuppofing we fliould labour under the fame In- 
ability, mult we therefore deny what we fee, and 
hear, and feel daily ? 

" Cah we account for all the fccret things in thft 
*' Creation of God, in the World of Meteors and 
" Minerals, the Vegitables of the Field, the Bfrutcsi 
«« of the Earth, or the Animal Body of Man ? dbes 
" iny Mart refufe to believe the infinite Variety 
•« of Plants and Flowers, in all their beauteous Co- 
" loiirs and Forms grow up out of the fame dark and 
*« dirty Soil, becaufe he doth not khow all the fe- 
** cret Springs of their Vegitation? do Men doubt 
*< of the Truth of a Load-ftone*s drawing Iron to 
** itfelf, and making a Needle point to the Nonth, 
« becaufe they cannot find out the way of its Ope- 
*« ration j arc we not fure that our Food nourifhes 
*« our Bodies, and Medicines relieve our Pains, tho* 
" wc are utterly at a lofs to tell all the Ferments 
•* and Motions of thofe Atoms by which our Nou- 
" riftiment is performed, or our Difeafea healed ? 
" can we account for all the Darkneflcs, appearing 
" Difficaltfes and Confufions among the Events of 

«* Providence? 

Digitized by 


da Tbe'^oikks of tie tiEiRKEl>. Art. 4. 

** f^i*ovldencc ? Nd, furel^, we cannot pfetfehd t6 
** it : ami yet fince thefc Matters of Fadt arid E- 
^ vents are obvious to all our Sifnfes, dov^e refafdf 
•^ to believe them, merely tfecaufe w6 cah^f accotirit 
" for the original and fecret Caufes or Reafons of 
** them ? or becailfe We cannot reconcile fome Crof- 
*^ ling Appearances, and fome Jarring Appreherili* 
^* ons that attend them ? why then fliould this uni- 
♦' verlkl Degieneracy and Rtiin of human Nature 
*' be denied, tho* we cannot rembVe every Objefti- 
** on that attends it?'^ 

And yet, our Author faySi if we will fearch faith-^ 
fully into the Springs of this Matter, fo faras ournatiii 
ral Reafon, aided by Revelation, will enable us, we 
may hope to find fuch a Solution of if, as Will give* 
a Degree of Satisfadion to humble Minds^ tho'peN 
haps not fufficient to filence every curious and un-» 
reafoAable Cavil. This is what he would fufnifh 
us with by his Anfwcrs to the fecondy thirds 
fourthr fifthj Jixthy feventby eis:hthj and ninth of 
the forecited Queries. I may fhortly give the Rea- 
der a Tafte of his Difquifitions on thefe perplexing 
Topicks, as well as on others, near of Kin to them, 
which are included in the fubfequent Queftions; In 
the mean time we may perceive, by this Epitome of 
what he has offered relating to the firft, upon what 
Principles he goes in refoiving all that follow it. 


y Google 

Digitized by > 

Art, 5, For ] V h Y^ 1749/ ^i 


Thirtyrfix JekBi Diffourfis DcBrinal and Pr^S'^ 
tical^ upon the m^ important Points ^ the 
Cbf iftian Rdigion ; viz. h ^e greaf Con-' 
(em Q^ a fviturc St^tc after the jDiJfol\ition 
bf thi%Wpr^;\\. XbfiMi^cellency 0n4 di- 
vine Pr^fBicf ^ fehkrflting^ th? Ffiftivaji^ 
(in4 JF;a% qf ibe Qk^rgh qf England. HI. 
The truffrtncipki gf CwiftwR Obfdicnee, 
confidered under ihe Articles of ¥zii\iy Pear, 
Hppe, and Ju6vt( al^ the Order and Con-' 
he£iion of otir Saviour's Beatitudes. IV. Qle 
right fTay to Chnftian Perfejftion ; Jhfwii^ 
the OiiigationSy M?^nSy and Motives to g 
continued Progrefs 4nd P(rje%)eran(^ in F^ith 
and Holinefs. -fo 9V^ VolMmes, ^y ^Ar 
MS ^i, Johnson, A.M- Fmr ^ Q^^t 
Tf orripgton /^ Devon(hine, Londpa: PW/?#ri 
ed fov C. Rivington, at the Bible and^ 
Ciown in St. Paul's Chiircfeyard 5 and Jbid 
iy N. Thorhe, Bookjeller in Exeter. 1740. 

OUJ^ Author prefumes there is no Occafipn of 
making any Apolqgy for publifhing Dif- 
coqries on fuch w/eighty and important Subjed^s, a? 
muft be ufeful and feafonable a,t all Tirties, and 
cannot jtherefore be thought unfeaCbnabje, and wiJJ 
hot, he trufts, beunferviceable in the prefent. ThiC 
Defign of them is to render the great Objefts of 
Futurity more plain and familiar to thjc Minds of 
Chriftians, and to invite them to the Search and 
Study of fuch Truths as are worthy their Thoughts 
and Cpntemplation 5 fuch as will help to purify 
their tief^irns, to ftrpngth^n and in?rc^fc thcir'Faidi, 

' ' ' to 

'Digitized by 


(S2 7he\{oKKs of f be Learned. Art. 5. 

to influence and regulate their Prad):ice^ to quicl^en 
their Zeal, and to engage their Attention to the 
awakening Calls and Workings , of Povidence. 
. The Difcourfesare plain andihort, and fitted for 
general Ufe j and to make them more fo, he t^Us 
ys, he has cither wholly omitted, or but barely men- 
tioned, fome curious and d^fputabie Points that 
came in his way* He«divides them into four Parts: 
In the firft we haVe nine Sermpns ; three on the 
Burning pf the World, from 2 Pet. iii. 11, 12. 
the fouftH, on the BleiHednefs of them that die in 
the Lord, from Rev. xW. ij. the fifth, Ihewing 
that perfeft Happinefs is jiof, to be expe^ed, till 
the Ntnpber of God's Elcdt tie accprnplifhed,., front 
Hei. xi. 39, 40. the fi^th, containing a Compa- 
rifon between the Things of Time and Eternity, 
iFronri 2 Cor. iv. 1 8.' the feventh, eighth, and 
ninth, fetting forth the Joys and Glories of the 
heavenly State, from i Cor. ii. 9. 

The fecond Part comprehends the fame Number 
of Sermonis, all on folemn Occafions: The ifirft, 
proving our Saviour's lN4iffion ihto the World to be 
the great M^nifcftation of God's Love to Mankind, 
frqm i Johfi iy. 9, 10. The fecond, on the Mar- 
tyrdom of King Charles I. from Rev. ii^ lo. The 
third and fourth, in Lent^ on our Saviour's Falling 
and Temptation in the Wildernefs, from Matl. iy. 
I, 2. The fifth, on Good-Friday^ infifts on the 
Crucifixion ot Chrift, from 2 Cor. v. 21. The 
fixth, on Ea/fer-Day^ exhibits to us the Scripture 
Proofs of Chrift*s Refurreftion, from ji^s i. 3. 
The feventh, on Afcenjion-Dayy improving the 
Scripture Account of our Lord's Afcenfion, which 
we have, Luke i^xiv. 50 — 54. The eighth, fet' 
ting forth the primitive Qualifications for receiving, 
and the Extent of the Benefits implied in, the Pro- 
mife of the Holy Ghoft^ from jiRs \\. 38, 39. 
The ninth, which is the laft of the firft volume, 


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Art. 5. For JULY, 1740. ^ ^3 

on Trinity-Sunday^ contains the Dodrine of the 
Evcr-bleflcd Trinity, from 2 Cor, xiii. 14. 

The third Part includes the fame Number of Ser- 
mons as the two former. In the firft and fecond 
our Reverend Author evinces Faith in Chrift to be 
the principal Condition of Pardon and Salvation, 
by the Cafe of Cornelius^ a Roman Centurion, as 
it occurs, A£ls x. 43. In the third and fourth Ser- 
mons the Cafe of another Roman Centurion is re- 
prefented, to Ihew the Preheminence of Faith above 
Works: The Text is Matt.vm. 10. The fifth 
fets forth the Fear of God as the grand Prcferva- 
tive againft Sin, from Prov. xvi. latter Part of 
Ver. 6' The fixth difplays the Nature, Grounds, 
and Effcfts of Chriftian Hope, trom i John iii. 3. 
The fevehth and eighth make it appear, that fih* 
cere Ot)ediehce is the only fure Token of being en- 
dued with the Love of God, from John xiv. 73. 
The ninth fettles the Order and Connexion of bur 
Saviour's Beatitudes, from Matt. v. i, 2, 3. 

The firft Sermon of the fourth and laft Part 
points out the End and Defign of Cbrijl*s giving 
himfelf for us, with jrefpeft to Sin and Obedience, 
from Titus ii. 14. In the fecond, we fee the Obli- 
gations and Motives' to aim at Pcrfeftion, from the 
Confideration of Cbrift^s Death and Refurreftion, 
and of his being the great Shepherd of the Chrif- 
tian Fold, from Helf. xiii. 20, 21. In the third, 
our Author endeavours to convince us of the Infuf- 
ficiency of niere Reafon in Matters of Religion, 
and the peculiar Advantages pf Chrift's Doiftrine, 
from John vi. 66, 6y^ 68. The fourth, fifth, 
and fixth Sermons lay before us the Example of 
Chrift, z% a molt powerful Means and Motive to 
Chriftian Pcrfeftion, from Matt. xi. 29, 30. The 
feventh demonftrates the Stability, Progrefs, and 
Perfevcrancc of Chriftians to be the Fruic and Ef- 
fc& of divine Grace, froni i Pet. v. 10, 1 1. The 


Digitized by 


<^ Tb^ Works gf/A^ Learned. Art. 5* 

cighiii incplcates the neceflary Principles of the 
Chriftian Life, and the Obligation of Chriftians to 
abound in the faqf^e, from i Tbejf. iv, i. Thelaft 
Sern^on' briefly ftates the Nature, Meafure, and 
, principal P*trts of Chriftian PerfeiSlipn, from 2 C$r. 
3^iii. If. 

I fliall not venture of myfelf to charafterife thefe 
Difcourfes ^ only fay, that I am affured, fonie Per-^ 
fons of considerable Figure in the Church have great- 
ly commended their Ferfpicuity and Concifcnefs, 
;gind repute their Author a Gentlems^n of food Abi" 
jitiesand Learning. To epitomifc the Subjefts of 
them would ' require too great a Cqmpaf^ 5 and 
Wely to mention the Heads of fhjjm, would be of 
litde Ufe or p.ntertainmenf , ' 1 will endeavour, 
therefore, to give the Reader a general Idea of Mr. 
"John/im^s Mann^ of handling them, of his Rea^ 
$)ning and* Stile, by on? or twc> Extra^s frotn 
^hc mpft curious of them J And certainly I cannot 
feleft any inore deferving of that Title, than thofc 
Whk:h he Has placed in the Froht of thefe Yo- 
luWC5, on the Cdnflagrfitm of tba World \ a trer 
mendous Event, in which every huma^ Creature 
i^^^cerned. ' .^ < ^ ...* 

Mr. Jobnfon introduces this Topicfc with fomc 
J^efteftions on the extraordinary Influence, which th« 
frequent Confideration of it y^ould have on Chrifti- 
^p? to mortify their AfFeftioris to the Things of this 
Woifld, and tp render them diligent, conftant, and 
perfeyering in the Prqfecution ip;f an everlafting Fe^ 
§city. In order to explain and enforce it, he con- 
^ders, what the DiJfoUition of all Things here meiv- 
tjoned doe$ import ^ and then he 0iews, that we 
ought to be fully perfuaded of this univerfal Difio- 
tuttoni and that we ihould take heed, that we bic 
not deceived by thinking it at a great Diftance oflT, 
bi|t rather live in a conftant Expc^ation of it, bokr 
ing fofy and bafiining tOj the Coming of tb^ Uay af 


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Aft 5* F^r JULY, 1740. 6j 

Cod. On the firft of thcfe Points he delivers him- 
felf in this Manner : 

*^ What St. Peter means by all tbefe Thing f^ and 
•* what by their being diffohed^ he teUs us in the 
*» Verfes before and after, namely, that the Hea^ 
** vemjhall pafs away with a great Noife^ and the 
*^ Elements fiall melt with fervent Heat \ the 
** Earth alfo^ and tht fVorks that are therein jhati 
^ he burnt up. So that what our Saviour faid to 
^ his »DifcipIcs concerning the BuiWings of the 
" Temple, Seeft thou thefe great Buildings? Vertly^ 
" I fay unto you^ there fbail not be left one Stone 
** upon another^ that fiall not be thrown down 5 fo 
** may we fay of this ancient Building erf God, the 
*< Fabrick of this material and vifibJe Worlds 
** Seefl thou not all thefe Things ? The glorious Lu* 
*^ minaries above, the Earth and the Sea beneath, 
^ the lofty Mountains and the lafting Hills, the 
" Forefts, Woods and Groves, the ftately Pa- 
** laces, beautiful Churches, magnificent Houfcs, 
** and all the Monuments of Fame and Antiquity : 
«* There are none of thefe but will be made to bear 
** a Part in the general Diflblution, and either be 
** utterly diflblved themfelves, or undergo violent 
** Convulfions, and great Diforder and Confufion. 
*« For not only this terraqueous Globe, but the 
«« heavenly Bodies themfelves, fliall be involved 
*« in, or greatly fuffer from this fiery Deluge. Our 
" bleffed Saviour affures us, that the Stin fiall then 
** be darkened^ and the Moon fiall not give her 
*• Light 5 that the Stars fiall fall from Heaven^ 
** and that the Powers of Heaven fiall be fiaktfn. 
*« St. J(An tells us, that tbt Sun fiall become blacky 
** as Sackcloth of Hair^ and the Moon become as 
*« Blood. St. Peter affirms, that the Heavens fi%lt 
** pafs away with a great Noife \ by which, moft 
*« probably, he means the lowet Regions, or the 
*• Region of Air 5 and the Elements fiall melt with 

I ** fervent 

Digitized by 


66 7^^ Works ^/ift^ Learned. Art. 5. 

** fervent Heat. By the Elements fome undcrftand 
*' the Planets^ which will then fall from Heaven, 
*' and help to increafe the Conflagration, and to 
*^ halten the World's Deftruftion. For 'tis not to 
«* be fuppofed, that the Burning of the Earth alone 
«' will be fufficient to dry up, and wholly confume 
'« all the Waters of the great Deep. The Fires 
*< kindled on all the Shores, can't be fuppofed to 
*' reach rhe Middle, or even the fourth Part, of 
*« the vaft extended Ocean : The Confumption of 
** this, therefore, muft be efFeded by pther Means, 
*' that is, by Fire coming down from Heaven, by 
*^ burning Planets driven from their Orbs, by the 
*' Elements melting with fervent Heat, and by a 
*' general Inflammation in the Region of the Air, 
*' which is always filled, more or lefs, with fiery 
*' Vapours and combufliible Matter, and will then 
*' be repleniflied and fupplied, like a Lamp with 
'' fre(h Oil, by a continued Succefllon of new Va-^ 
«^ pours drawn from the Earth. Thefe, mixing 
*« with the fcorching Exhalations from below, will 
" cover the Deep^ like as with a Garment y and, by. 
*« their united Force, drain and exhaufl: the im- 
«« menfe Waters of the wide Sea : For, when God 
«* enters upon his ftrange Work, and has this lafl. 
«' Cqntroverfy with the Inhabitants of the World,. 
^\ he will fet the jarring Elements at War and Va- 
*<^ riance with one another, and that of F/V^ fhall at 
«f laft prevail over, and dcftroy and fwallow up 
«« the other three. For, BehoU^ fays the Prophet 
^\.AnioSy God called to contend by Fircy and it de^» 
« voured the great Deep^ and it ^at up a Part : 
«^ And as Fire will devour the. great Deep, fb v^ill- 
^\ it . burn up the ^arth alfo, and all that thereia 
*<• i$ ^ and as it will thus devour the Waters, and 
'< burn. up the; Earth, fo will it likewife confume 
^^i.the.prcftnt Atmofphere, or the Region of the 
<« Air about us,..that has.been fo much tainted and' 
• . ' ' « infcftcd 

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Art. 5. For JULY, 1740. 67 

*' infeded by the poifonous Breath of Sin. So that 
** the feveral vifible Parts of the Creation will be 
" involved all at once in circling and chccquered 
" Streams of Smoke and Flames : For this is that 
*' Day of Vengeance, that Day of the Lord fo 
'' often mentioned, and fo fully defcribed by the 
^' Prophets, as a Day of great iVrath^ a Day of 
^« Trouble and Diftrefs^ a Day of Waftenefs and 
^^ Defolation^ a Day ofDarknefs and Gloommefs^ a 
'* Day of Flouds and thick Darknefs \ a Day of 
^' the Trumpet and Alarm againji the fenced Cities^ 
" and againji the high Towers: And, I will bring 
^* Difirefs upon M:n^ fays God, that they Jhall 
<' walk like blind Men^ becaufe they have finned 
*' againji the Lord\ and their blood Jhall be poured 
*' out as Duji^ and their Flejh as the Dung: Nei^ 
*« ther their Silver^ nor their Gold Jhall be able to 
«^ deliver them in the Day of the Lord's . Wratb^ 
'* but the whole Land Jhall be devoured by the Fire 
<« of his Jealoufy 5 for he Jhall wake even a fpeedy 
^« Riddance of all them that dwell in the Land. If 
<^ it be afked. How, or by what means the Righ- 
^« teous fhall be preferved in the Midft of a burn- 
«« ing World ; or where they (hall be at this Time ? 
'^ I anfwer, with St. Paul^ that before the World 
<« is on fire, they fliall be caught up in the Clouds^ 
«' to meet the Lord in the Mr 5 and being there 
••placed out of the Reach, and above the Surges 
<• of the fiery Deluge, they fhall be madeSpedta- 
*• tors of this amazing Scene of Ruin and Defola- 
•• tion, and fee this grand Idol of Mankind con- 
•' fuming in the Fire of God's Indignation, break- 
•• ing and tumbling in Pieces, like Dagon before 
*' the Ark, and at laft buried in its own Rubbifh, 
•• or reduced to a fiery Chaos. Of this, Jeremiah 
«' gives us a lively Defcription in the fbllowing 
«• Words : — / beheld the Earthy and lo^ it was^ 
** without For4ny and void\ and the Heavens^ 

F 2 '* they 

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68 T^e V^OKK^fifde Leahhed. Art. g. 

^* Sbey bad no Light. I beheld the Mountain^ and 
** fo, they trembled y and all the Hills moved lightly. 
** / beheld^ and lOf there was no Man, and ail the 
*• Birds of the Heaven were fled. I beheld^ and 
'* &, the^ fruitful Place was a IVildernefs^ and all 
•* the Cities therecf were broken down at the Pre- 
** fence of the Lord^t and by bis fierce Anger. But, 
** then, this general Dcfolation prevailing no far- 
« ther than to the Sea, Earth, and Air^ or lower 
•^ Hcave;ns; thofe more diftant Luminaries, the 
" Sun, IVf oon, and Stars, will not partake of the 
«* fame Fate, or fuffer the like Diflbltaion, bull 
•* only undergo feme frightfal Changes and Alte- 
** rations, become Ihaking and trembling, and co- 
«^ veped with Darknefs, to fympathize, as it were, 
** in this univcrfal Coi^crnation and Confiifion of 
** Nature. But the greateft Contufion and Con- 
** ftcrnation will be m the Minds and Hearts of 
^ Men : When D^ftruRion upon DeftruMion Ihall 
** be cried, then Laughter will be turned t6 
** Mourning, and Joy into Heavinefe ^ then the 
** Mirry*hearted will flgh^ every Houfe will be flsut 
** up^ all Joy will be darkened^ the JR^rtb of the- 
** Land will ceafe : yea^ all Hands [haii faint ^ 
** and every Ma^s Heart fhall melt. 7%ey fhall 
'* be amazed one at another^ their Faces fiall be as 
^ FlameSy all Faces fhall gather Blacknefs. If 
** they look to the Heavens, behold, fearful Sights 
** and amazing Terrors ; and if they look to the 
«* Earth, behold. Trouble and Sorrow, and Dim- 
** ncfs of Anguiflij they fhall 'wait for Light ^ but 
** behold Obfcurity ; for Brightnefs^ but fhall walk 
" in Darknefs : Tea^ they fhall ftumble at Noon^ 
^ day^ as if they had no Eyes ^ and be in defolate 
** PlaceSy as dead Men. They fhall war all like 
** BearSy and mourn fore like Doves \ they fhall 
*« look for Mercy 'i but there is none 5 for Salvation^, 
^« but it is far off from them \ therefore fhall their 

^ Hearts. 

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Art |; l^«r J tJ t X m^ $^ 

*« Hearts tml% foi? Fear and T«oufe|« ^^ fX^ j|&<^ 
^* f ^f/ /^. iM^ /r(?, smd: fiagger UH di^unkfifp^ Mm^ 
'' andb^ at tb^muBmd* They flMiUgoe c^dip 
^^ Mountains, andt disob upio^ the T^e%. apd con^ 
<< fjawn agaio^ ta (he Valli^t? bsrK^th.^ t>uc ^es^ 
^^ ever they gp, t^re i$ no Safety ) andj wbe«e 
** they fcek ft»r Rcfug?^ (;b«y ftiall niece Beftmc- 
^ tbn : For the veyy poy9e^$ ot H«aV<?n fiiall be 
^^ ihak^n^ and threat^^^ U^m wit^ irp^eadiate YetK^ 
<< geance, and the Pillars of the roqp^ World'fli^l 
«« Tr««iWeiwid€tr them. Fpr tHu^ feith the Fro- 
•* ph^c Femt^i^fjd the Pitr andtbt Smre ^^ n^^ 
«* /^r^jw^ O Inbakitmf of ike Mar^ 5: ^«^ i« JImU 
" come t9 pafs^i that he v^ fieolib from the Noife 
*« 0/ /Ar jri?4^r, Jha^ f0ll imp ^0 Pit *% ^nd be thai 
«< comftb up out of the midfi of the Pk^ Jkafl be 
^« taken m tjbe Snare i ft^tko Windo*jpifmvti on jffjgk 
^^ are open^ and the^ FoHndat^oiis of the- E^rtb d4 
^ foake. fhe Martk V Htt^rJn br<ikfip do^n^ tbi 
^< Earth is clemdiffb^e^ tke M^rt^ h mov/d ex^ 
^ ceedmglj. The ^tkfii^U re^l to mdfro like a 
^< Dru^tard^ andfbaUbe; teffumd tiJI^ ^Cofti^e-^ 
*« Md tbe^r4^iJfgreffion^tbereof fbai^ be hq^j upon 
«< it^ and it fiallfaHi, and not rife agaith From 
<^ which laft Words v^e c^'t but ob(er>e, ebat thtf 
<< meritodous Caufe of all this wide Deflation,. 
«< and univerfal jRLi^n and Confufi^^ is the Sin of 
^ Man. ^T^fm this that <;aqred the O^ftru^lion of 
^« the old World by a Flood of Waters; and 'tis 
<< for thiis that the World which now is» will be de^ 
*< ftroy'd by Fire j *tis this Part Will fet the. Elements 
^^ at the grcateft Varianqe with Mankind, and with 
^ one a^d other, and arm all the Creatures of God 
<c againft theo^. For this the Sun ijhall be coi^fpundied^ 
^ and theMoof) a&amed, and the Earth and the In-^ 
•* habitants thereof abandpn'd, and delivered up ta 
•* the Overflowing of the Curfe ? ** 

This is our Author's Explanation of the Doc- 

tfinfi delivered in his Text, and makes the moft 

F 3 Cctofid*i 

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70 7^^ Works of the Learned. Art. 5. 

confidcrable Part of his firft Difcourfe. I proceed 
to a fccond Extraft, taken from the third (and laft) 
Sermon on the Burning of the World ; where Mr. 
Johnfon lays before us the Grounds whereon we can- 
not but expedt this great Change and Revolution : 
And thefe are, Firft ^ The Frame and Age of the 
World. 5'^r(?«i//j', The Signs of* the Times, mrd- 
Jy, The Juflice of God. Fourthly^ The Progrefs 
of Sin. I fhall quote him on the ift^ id^ and ^d 
of thefe Heads. 

With refpedl to the firft he fays, If we con- 
fider the Frame and Age of the Worlds we fball 
fee Reafon enough to conclude, that it can't be 
of very long Continuance. *« God forefeeing 
*' how much this World, and the Things of the 
*« World would be abufed by his Creatures, formed 
** and compofed it of fuch Materials, that it might 
*« be capable afterwards of being confumed by 
*« Fire. As all Material Compofitions are fubjefl: 
** to a DiflTolution, fo leveral of the Materials of 
«* which this World is compofed, are of a Fiery 
" Nature, or Combuftible Quality, and by a di- 
^' redt Aft of Providence, lodged here and there, 
^' or at proper Diftances from one another, in or- 
^« der to communicate the Fire of the lafl Day to 
" the whole, and to every Part. There are at 
** this Day fome burning Mountains^ that have 
*« continued burning more or lefs, , for feveral Ages 
« fucceffively. And their Fire, perhaps, will not 
*« be cxtinguifhed, nor their Fewel exhaufted or 
*« confumed, before the general Conflagration ; for 
** which th€|y fecm to be ordained by God, both 
" as Means^ or Inftfuments in that Defolation, and 
. ^« as rueful and lafting Memorials, to warn every 
« Generation of Men of the final Diflblution of 
<< all Things by Fire. At prefent their Force and 
*' Power is, for the moft part, limited and rc- 
" ft rained •, "but when 'tis inlargcd, (as it will be 

*« at 

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Art. 5. For JULY, 1740. 71 

*^ at laft) they will then fpread Defolation far and 

" near. Now from the fingle Conlideration of 

*' ihtk burning Mountains^ (to mention nothing far- 

•* ther) we have a great deal more Reafori to won- 

*' der, that the World has not all this while been 

" burnt up, than that it is to be confumed by Fire 

*^ at laft. Nor can we afcribe its Prefervation in 

** this Refpedt, to any lefs Caufe, than the graci- 

*' ous and miraculous Interpofition of Providence, 

** Limitiing and Controuling the Force of thefe 

*• fubterraneous Fires, as he does the Current of 

*« the great Deep, and laying to one as well as the 

" other, hitherto (hall ye come ^ and no farther -y till 

" the Time I have appointed for the full Exertion 

" of your Native Strength. And to this St. Peter 

*< feems to refer, when he fays, the Heavens and 

" Earth are kept in Stote^ and referved to Fire^ a- 

" gainft the Day of Judgment. By which he does 

«* not obfcurely intimate, that they were at prefent 

♦« providentially preferved from the Power of that 

** Fire, which is always ready to feize and devour 

*« them ; as the Waters foon overflowed the Earth, 

«* when God took ofi^ his reftraining Hand from 

** them. So that 'tis but for God to call forth, and 

" let loofe, thofe Powers of Fire, that are lodged 

" in the Earth and the Air, and that now lie dor- 

*' mant, and the World would foon be all in Flames. 

*^ Then, as to ^^ Antiquity oi the World, tho'the 

*' World itfelf does not, like the Things upon it, 

«« decay with Age, and is not the more perijhing for 

•^ being Older ^ but continues ftill in the fame State 

<* and Situation, has the fame lofty and lafting 

*' Mountains, the fame wide and extended Ocean, 

** and the fame noted Rivers that it had in former 

** times, or ever fince the Flood j yet God has de- 

** termined the Number of its Days, beyond which 

** it cannot pafs. There is a fix'd Period in the fa- 

•' crcd Decrees of Heaven for the Time of its Dif- 

F 4 • »< folution ; 

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yz S^ Works dftbe LtAtHitD. Art $. 

" foludon; fo that the OW^r it grows, the nearer it 
** muft be to its dcftined Fate, Upon whi^h Ac- 
" count, we that live in the prcfcnt Age^ have more 
•* Rcafon than any of oMx Fdre^fathers had, to be 
«< apprehenfive of its approaching Diffoliition* 

Secondly J fays our Audior, If to the natural State 
and Age ot the World wc add the Signs of the TimeSi 
or the nioral Evidences we have in this Cafe, we fliall 
fee further Caufe to apprehend, that the Diflblution 
of all Things cannqt be at any very great Diftance 
off. •* A Man muft hate been a very care- 
** lefs Obferver indeed of Things, Times, and 
♦< Perfons, that has not obferved the great and vi- 
♦« fible Decay of Chriftianity, bQth in Prindple 
♦• and Praftice, for fome Years paft % a Decay fo 
<< general, fo fudden, and fa ^nexpe£led, that it 
" is not, perhaps, to be parallel^ by any thing 
«< we meet with, within the Cooipais of the feme 
«« Number of Years, from the Foundation of 
<« Chriftianity, to the Commencement of thtt great 
« Dtfedlion. Now the Sfirit ffeaketb ^^prfjly^ 
<* not only that in the latter Days fome Jbali de* 
•* fart from the Faiths but that there ^all cqmc 
«« a Falling away^ or a more general Apoftacy $ 
•* which, whenever it happens, is to be a Warn* 
«« ing to us of the near Approach of ChrifPs le- 
*« cond Advent. It was under the moji corrupt 
•« State of the Jewifb Church, that he made hi$ 
«« firft Appearance in the World i and it will be in 
*« the moft degenerate State of Chriftianity, that he 
** will appear a fecond Time in Glory, The A^ 
*« bounding therefore of Iniquity, and the great 
•« Decay of Chriftian Piety, Faith, and Charity, 
«« which are the more open Signs of thefe Times, 
*« ftiould be fo far from inclining us to follow o- 
« thers in their Dcfeftion from the Faith, or in 
^ their Unconcernednefs about Religion^ that it 
<• ought, on the contrary, t« awaken our Atten« 

** tion. 

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Art. 5. For JULY, 1740- 73 

«• tion, to excite our Zleal, and to haften our Pre- 
•* parations, that fo we may not at laft be cbn- 
«« demncd with the World, 

thirdly^ fays Mr. Jahnfon^ If to the Iniquity of the 
Times we join the Confidcration of God's Jujlite^ 
■we (hall fee another Reafon for cxpefting the Revela- 
tion of Chriji from Heaven. *♦ *Tis a general, and 
«' juft Obfervarion, that righteous and wicked Nati- 
•* ons, or publick Communities, arc capable of being 
«« rewarded arid punifhed, as fuch^ only in this Life. 
^ And if this be the Cafe with refpeft to the fevc- 
♦« ral Nations of the World, k muft be true like- 
«* wife in reference to the fFortd it/elf^ which i$ 
*' every Day growing more and nx)re ripe for 
** Judgment. And when the Meafure of its Ini- 
«« quity is filled up, then will God pour out the 
<« full Phials of his Wrath upon ir, and confume 
*« ic by a fiery Deluge,, and make k a rueful Mo- 
*< nument of fxis juft Vengeance and Indignation^ 
^* For, as God fpared not the old World, when the 
•« Wickednefs of its Inhabitants was come to fiall 
** Maturity, but deftroyed it by a Flood of Wa- 
•< tcrs ; fo, when the inicpiity of the World that 
5« now is; (hall be arrived at fuch a Height and 
** Degree of Provocation, as God has pre-ordained 
*« for its Extent and Fulnefs, ^ will then put an? 
<* End to the Frame and Setoff" of Things, which 
*« has miniftred fo much Matter and Occafion for 
. ^ his Creatures to rebell and fin againft him.*' 

The next Difcourfe, out of which I fhall extraft 
one or two Paflages, is the fifth, upon Heh. xi. 39^ 
40. where our Preacher undertakes to prove, that;?^r- 
fiR Happinefs is not to be expelled for the Saint s^ 
till after the RefurreSlian of their Bodies. He in- 
troduces his Subjeft in this Manner ; " The Prone- 
•* nefs of Mankind to truft in their own Righ- 
*« tcoufncfs, and to imagine they have fomething. 
^ meritorious in themfelves, foi thgfe litde Services^ 

** they 

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74 ^^ Works g/*/i&^ Learned. Art. 5. 
*^ they are enabled to perform; and their eager 
** Impatience to receive the promifed KLecompence, 
" when their Service is ended, is fo great and ge- 
*' neral, that God has thought fit to check and 
*' reftrain thcfe fanguine Hopes and forward Ex- 
*' pcftations, by deferring the Donation of a full 
*' Reward till fome confiderable Time after their 
*' Work is done. Were Chriftians, upon their 
** Departure out of this World, to be admitted di- 
*' reftly into the higheft Heavens, into the Pre- 
<* fence arid Palace of the great King, to the bea-- 
•' tific Vifion of God\ as, on one hand, they would 
" be apt to flatter themfelves, that this State of 
*^ Glory was, in fome meafure, due to their De- 
*' fcrts ; fo, on the other, they would find, that 
" the Scene of Glory would be too dazzling-bright, 
** for thofe who are juft efcaped from a State of 
*' Corruption and Mortality. Alas ! There are many 
*' Stages and Degrees of Purification, that the 
^ Soul muft pafs thro', before it can arrive at its 
<^ full Perfedion, and be qualified to heboid the 
•' Face of God. Tho* St. Taul promifed himfelf 
^' a Crown of Righteoufnefs upon fihifhing his 
*' Courfe y yet he did not prefume to expecft it 
** immediately after he had finiflied ir -, but only fays, 
*' that henceforth there was laid up for him fuch a 
" Crown, and that this ftiould be given, or con- 
'* ferred upon him at that Day^ the Day of our 
^^ Lord's Appearing. After we have finiflied our 
*' Work, there muft be a Time for Reft ; and 
*' when this Seafon of Reft is ended, then is the 
^ Time of Enjoyment : Therefore, as the fame A- 
'* poftle declares elfewhere^ we have need of Pa- 
'* tience^ that after we have done the fVill of God^ 
" we may inherit the Promife. When our Work 
** is done, there will ftill be Occafion for the Excr- 
*' cife of Patience, in waiting . for the promifed 
" Reward ; which Reward is not to be bcftowed, 

*' till 

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Art 5. For JULY, 1740. 75. 

'^ till the whole Number of God^s Eleft fhall be 
*« fully completed j as is plainly and fully afferted 
*' by the Apoftlc, where he cxprefly affirms of the 
'* ancient Fathers, whofe exemplary Faith he had 
*^ been recommending to our Imitation, that all 
** tbefe^ having obtained a good Report through 
*^ Faithy received not the Promifes^ God having 
'« provided fome better "Thing for us^ that tbey^ 
^' without usj Jhould not be made perfect : i. e. Tho* 
^' the Saints and Servants of God live in different 
'' Ages, and depart out of this World at different 
*' Times, they fhall not be rewarded accordingly, 
'* or in a diftinft and fcparate Manner, but receive 
" the promifed Reward all together, at one and 
«' the fame Time j fo that we without themy and 
" they without us fhall not be ipade perfed/' 
However, as the contrary Doftrine, viz. That 
the Righteous departing this Life are immediately 
received up into Heaven, was the general Opinion, 
or PerfuafionofthelaftAge,andislti]l, Mv.Johnfon 
fays, too common and prevailing a Notipn, he 
endeavours in this Sermon, to prove, from his Text, 
and fome parallel Places of Scripture, that none of 
the Righteous have yet received the promifed Re- 
ward, but are only entered into a State of Reft, and 
partake of fome lower Degrees of Happinefs, till the 
Time of the Reflitution and Conlummation of all 
Things be fully come. And (2.) that when God has 
finifh*d his Work, and completed the Number of 
Saints, he will then beftow upon them jointly and 
fully the promifed Inheritance. 

As, to the fir ft of thefe Heads, the A pottle's 
Words in the Text are, our Author fays, very 
exprefs and particular, that tho* the Elders obtained 
a good Report through Faiths yet they received not ^ 
or have not received the Promije. After illuftrating 
this PafTage, and Ihewing how direflly it ferves,' 
together with the Context, for the Fiftablifhmentof 


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f6 Thi Works of the Leakned. Art 5* 

his DoAritte, he fa]K ** There are no Intimations 
** in the Scriptures of the Old and New Tefta- 
«*• mcms, much kft any dircft Teftimonies, or ex- 
*^ prcis Aflertions, that thofc who have died in 
*' Faith, have been bJeffed with the immediate Fru- 
•• ition of God. On the contrary, all the (acred 
«* Writingd, that fpeak any thing of this Matter, 
<* lookdircftly the other way, and point at a dif- 
*• ferentSeafon of Retribution or Reward, The laft 
•♦ Day, the Day of the Refurrcaion and final Judg- 
•« mfcnt, and the Day of Chrift's fecond Ooming, 
** appears ai!l along in Scripture to be the Time 
•• allotted and predetermined by God, for crown- 
«« ing the Righteous with Glory and Immortality. 
** 'Tis generally allowed now, that the Soul of our 
" bleflW Lord himfelf did not go into Heaven, 
*« while his Body lay in the Grare: *Tis exprcfly 
♦* affirmed, that David is not yet afdcnded into 
*• the Heavens : 'Tis agreed on all hands, that the 
•* final irreverfible Sentence, to be p^flcd upon all 
«* Men, will not be till the End of the World : 
** 'Tis granted likewifc, that Man can't receive his 
** perfed Confummation and complcat Reward, fo* 
•* long as one Part of him is divided from the o- 
•* ther : And this is a ConceflSon of very weighty 
^ Cohfideratioo, and fuch as nrray be found fuffi- 
*« cient to determine this Point, were there no ex- 
^ prefs Teftimonies of.Scripture to decide this Mat- 
" tpr. FtH" while the Body is corrupting in the 
f^^ Grave, or mouldering into Duft^ 'tis rightly fup- 
*^ pofcd, that the Man is doing fome fort of Pe-* 
^f nancey and is ftill, in fome Senfe, in a State of 
^* Sufferings which muft be inconfiftent with a 
^* State cf Ghry. The Ruins and Difhonours of 
^ the Grave are pkin Marks, if not of a divine 
^' Difpleafure, yet at leaft of the Want of a perfeft ^ 
<* Reftoration to the divine Favour and Goodnefs: 
«« A«d MsabTiird to imagine, that the Soul is en- 

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Art- 5- JR^r J U L Y» 1740. 77 

♦* joying the higheft H^Miour and Felicity, whilft 
^^ the Body is under Diffolution and Difgrace ; 
•* And this Reafon may be further ftrcngthned by 
^< confidering, that tiothing in^iperfed): can hope 
•* for an Entrance into the Kingdom of HcaVeh, 
*« which is a State of the utmoft PerfeOioMj ^s well 
^^ as Parity, and will admit of nothing that is paN 
^* tial or de&aive. 

This is bat the Icaft Part of what our Author h^ 
offered in Confirmatidh of kiB firft Propofition : 
Und^ the fccond Htad fomc Things occur, which, ai 
he apprehends, ferve very much to eftablilhhis Doc- 
trine : For Inftance^ he fays, ** If any Saints call 
*^ be fuppofed capable, before the final Judgment, 
*^ of obtaining Adixiiflion into the highdt Hea- 
♦< vens, it muft be thofe that have fofFered Mar- 
♦^ tyrdom, and Jaid down their Lives fir the Tefti-^ 
** mimy of Jefi^s yet et%n theft, according to the 
«* Vifion vouch&ftd to St. Jobn^ are to wait till 
f< this Fulhefs of Tinie be come, for fo it is re{Mt> 
f* fentcd to him, Re^. vi. 9, ip, 1 1. 

«' The Place is^hcre St. Joi^n faw theft holy Souls 
*« JA, ev^n under the Altar, (hews that they vftrt 
^« not thea in the higheft Hdiren; Their Prayer 
♦* for Venge^ttce tipon riieir Enemies, fcems not 
^« well confiftent with their being in a State of 
^ Glory % and their being ordered to refi yet jor a 
^* Utik Seafi^y till the Number of Martyrs was 
** filled 1^, fei^ fufficient Indication, that the Ac- 
^* ceflion of their Fellow Sqfferci-s w^ ncceffary tq 
^^ complcat their own Happincfe and Perfcdlion.'^ 

Under the fecond Head our Author likewife 
a^gns the Reafon of the Cafe being as he has here 
reprefcmed it 3 and that is implied in thefe Word^ 

of^St. Pady Q^ iumng p^oided fime bttttn 

thing far «x, that they^ withiut us^ fiimH not ht 
made perfeSt. « The Pferft6lion which God 
f ^ requires and aims at^ is not 6f any Pmrt^ tho^ 
f* npvenib cpnfiderablf, but of thp fFbole. AIJ 

** th« 

Digitized by 


73' Tk^OKKs of /^^ Learned. Art. 5. 

•« the Saints now in Paradife are but a Part of 
*« Chrifi^s myfiical Body ; the full Complement will 

■ *' not be till God has accompliftied the Number 
*^ of his Ele6t ;• then, and not before, will there 
** be properly a Church triumphant ^ when the 
«' Head, and all its conftituent Members are fitly 
*« framed and compacted together in one Place. 
*• Chrijiy the Head of the Body, is now in Hea- 
*« ven, and has taken Poffeflion of the heavenly 
*« Manfipns prepared for his fevcral Members. But 
f' if Tome of thefe Members were admitted toHea- 
*« ven beforcy or without the reft -, if, while fome 
^« were glorified,- others were partly in a State of 
*' DifcipUne or Dilhonour; if, while fome were 
*« united to the Head, others were ftill wanting, the 
« Body of Chriji in Heaven would appear deformed 
*« and defedive." 

If my Room would permit, I (hould have added 
fome friore Extrafts, to have given the Reader a 
compleater Idea of our Author's way of thinking 
and exprefling himfelf on controvertible Points : As 
on the Divine Eternity •, the Argument a. priori for 
the Exiftence of God, which, he thinks, has mini- 
fter*d Occafion to Scepticifm and Infidelity, and done 
great prejudice to reveal'd Religion •, the Deity of our- 
bicffed Saviour, in which Point he is moft ftriftly or-- 
thodox ; the Ends of our Lord's Temptation in the^ 
Wildernefs.jChrift*sSatisfa£lion, and the Imputation 
thereof to us 5 the Evidences of Chrift's Refurrection • 
the Trinity of Perfons in the divine Nature •, the abfo- 
lute Neceffity of Fiiith in Chrift to the Salvation of eve- 
ry Man, with the Preheminence of this Grace above 
Morality or good Works > and the like. But .it is im- 

poflible to enter upon thefe Subjefts ; and Mr. yoh}tJbn\ 
Qualifications for handling fuchTopicks may be guef- 

fed by the foregoing Quotations. His Stile feems beft a- 

dapted to the practical Parts of Theology, and thofe. 

he handles in a very afFeding manner. 


Digitized by 


T H E ^ 


O F T H E 


For AUGUST, 1740- 


Of the Appeal of St. Paul to Casar^ 

Provocatio Patrona £5? l^tnde^ Dbertatis. Cicero dc 

[5 IS hatd to fay, whether the Romans 
gained more Glory by the Conqucfts 
they made, or by the ufeful and excel- 
lent Laws they enadcd for the Go- 
vernment of the World. In thefe laft 
*tis certain, they not only exceeded their old Rivals 
the Greeks^ but alfo furpafled all the other Nations 
of the Univerfe. But this is not to be wonder'd at, 
fince the one was but a Confequcncc of the other : 
I mean their wife, judicious and equitable Laws 
Q were 

Digitized by 


9o The Yfo^K^rftbe Le arnfd. Art- 6w 

were in fome Meafure owing to the Succefs of their 
Arms. For when, by the Condud of their Gene- 
rals, and the Courage of their Soldiers, they fub* 
dued Nations ; their wife Senators took fpecial Care 
to examine their Laws, they culi*d and felefted the beft 
of them, and then fitted and adapted them to the 
Conftitution of their Government ^ and thus by in- 
ferting them into their Laws made them their own ^ 
in which they fucGceded fo well,^that as they were 
once the Lords, fo they ftill are in fome Senfe the 
Lawgivers of the Worlds and the Roman Codex 
was made, and ftill remains to be the Rule and 
Standard for the reft of Mankind. Thefe wife 
and ujfeful Regulations, thefe their prudent Arts of 
Government, onc-of their befl: Poets infifts upon a» 
the Glory of i:he Rowans^ w^ch he prefers to all 
the Arts and Sciences of the Greeks^ to the living 
Statues and noble breathing Sculptures of the Da^ 
rians and Corinthians^ and to the Skill of the Chal^ 
deans in Aftronomy, and the Knowledge of the 
Heavens, in that beautiful Paflage in the 6th B. of 
the Mneis^ which I Ihall give you ia the Language 
of Mr. Dryden^ which comes up very near to the 

Let others better mould the running Mafs p 

. Of Metals J and inform the breathing Brafs^ ^ 
And foften into Flefb a Marble Face ; *^ 

P lead better at the Bar^ defcribe'tbe Skies j 
And when the Stars defcendy and when they rife: 
But J Rome, ^tis thine alone^ with aweful Swajy 
^0 rule Mankind J and make the ff^orld obey ^ 
Difpoftng Peace % 

^efe are imperial Arts^ and worthy thee. 

Which Words, pronounced by way of Prophe- 
cy by old Anchifes in Hell, contain one of the no- 


Digjtized by 


Art. 6. Pdr AUGUST, 1740. 81 

bleft * Encomiams that ever was made upon any 
Nation. But among ' the feveral Roman Laws, no 
one was more juft and reafonable, none better cal- 
culated for the Happinefe of the People^ againft 
the Oppreffion and Injuftice of Governours, than 
that which alJow*d Appeals to the Emperors at 
^Rorne. The Words Jppello ad Cafarem^ like fo 
many magick Terms, carried a ftrange Force and 
Ener^ along withrthem, could put a Stop to all 
ProcelTcs and Trials, baffle the Malice of fpightful 
Accufers, bring down Fuhum inftantis Tyrannic 
the haughty Looks of an infulring Tyrant, and put 
a Check to his cruel and iniquitous Defigns at once» 
So juftly might Tully oaXl it the Patron and Support 
of Liberty, for the Julian Law was full and ex- 
prefs^ De vi publica damnatut qui in Provincid ali^ 
quA Poteftate praditus civem Romanum ad Impera^ 
lorem appellantem necat^ necarive jujferit^ torferity 
verberaverity condenmaverih in vincula publica duii 
jufferit. V. PauL Recept.5ent. i. Tit. 16. So that 

* I cannot help excepting the juft and true Charadler, which 
Buchanan gives of his own Nation and People, in the EfitbaL of 
Frances, ^een of Scots , which is the Mafter piece of that 
excellent Poet. Let any one hat read it with Attention, and let 
him, if he can, defpife and undervalue that brave and noble 
People, as fome filly and fenfelefs People are apt to do, who 
can never think or fpeak well of any Nation or Country but 
their own w His next fineft Piece is his Defiderium Lutetiay his 
Prailes of Parisy his favourite and darling City, where he took 
the greateil Delight to refide ; in which one cannot help ad- 
miring the Beauty of his Dii^ion, and the Smoothnefs of h:'a 
Verfe, and bewailing, at. the fame Time^ the Frailty of his 
Memory, and the wandring of his Thoughts in the odd Expref- 
fion of meum FeSora in the laft Verfe but one. 

Ilia mtum ruJilui /ucandit ?e6iot9L Flammis, &c. 

fiat as this is plainly the Efiedt of a Mind wearied with Study> 
kad fatigued with Attention, fuch Slips as thefe, amongft fo ma** 
ny Beauties, ought ever to be kindly excofed and overlooked 
with pEindoar. 

> . G 2 it 

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82 ^be Works g^/i&^ Learned. Art. 6. 

it was a capital Crime in a Govcrnour, to try, 
condemn, imprifon, fcourjge, or kill any Roman 
Citizen that had made his Appeal to Cafar. But 
the Force of the Law did not ftop there ; for, left 
upon the lodging an Appeal, aGovernour (hould 
be inclined to favour a Prifoner, and to fet him at 
Liberty, for fear he (hould carry his Complainis to 
the Prince, and do him ill Offices at Ronte^ the Law 
tied up the Governour's Hands, and put it out of 
hisPowei" to favour and releafe an Offender. , This, 
I confefs, is not exprefled in the Law which I have 
juft now quoted, but is clearly implied, and may, 
I conceive, be fairly gathered from the Words of 
jtgrippa to Fefius^ in the ASls^ C. xxvi. V. 32. For, 
when that Prince had heard the Apoftle's Defence, 
and was fatisfied of his Innocence, , he declared to 
that Governour, that he might have been firt at Li- 
berty, if he had not appealed to Cafar. And this 
Part St. Paul was forced to aft, this Remedy he 
was obliged to fly to, when he had made that noble 
Defence before Feflus^ aflcrted his Innocence, and 
told him to his Face, that he knew him innocent of 
the Crimes which the Jews alledged againft him. 
JSls XXV. 10. But as he found this juft/ this rea- _ 
fonable Plea would not avail him, nor ferve to pro- ' 
cure his Liberty, and that Feftus^ who, in the Be- 
ginning of his Government, was willing jto gratify 
the Jews^ would have decoy'd him to Jerufalem^ 
and f)erfuaded him to take his Trial there, which 
was juft flinging himfelf into the Hands of his 
infiplacable Enemies, and expofing his Life to 
frelh Confpiracies 5 fo feeing the Snare fo plainly 
laid for him, he wifely warded off the Blow, re- 
folved to take the Advantage of the Law, to afliert 
his Privilege as an innocent Man, and a Citizen of 
Romey and boldly made his Appeal to Cafar. 

The Writers upon this Paflage have been divid- 
ed in their Thoughts about the Reafons that might 
^ induce 

Digitized by 


Art 6- For AV G V ST, 1740. 83 

induce the Apoftle to make this Appeal to the Im- 
perial Court. I (hail fairly ftate, and briefly con* 
fider their feveral Opinions, and then propole my 
own^ which 1 Ihall readily fubmit to your judicious 

And fir(t» St. jfufiin feems to blame him for it, 
and wonders he applied to a fecular Court, and re- 
ferred his Affair to a heathen Prince: But endea- 
vours at the fame Time, to excufe him, by faying, 
he did it with a Delign to fave his Life, which he 
knew was of fo great Coniequence to the Church. 
, But if that venerable Father had duly confidered the 
Charader of St. Paul^ what undaunted Courage 
he (hewed on all Occafions, how often he had look'd 
Death in the Face, and willingly expofed his Life 
for the Cabfe of Chrifl, he could never have 
thought he would have taken the leafl^ wrong Step, 
or uled any indireA Means to prelerve his Life, or 
to iecure himfelf from Danger. 

An * Expofitor of fome Figure, who wrote in 
the laft Century, has afSgn'd other Reafons for this 
Proceeding of St Paul, i/. That God ftood by 
him at Night, and bidding him be of good Cheer, 
told him, that as he had teftlBed at Jerufakm^ fo he 
mufl alfo bear Witnefs at Rome. .But tho' fuch a 
Warning and Promiie from God, mud have been of 
vaft Comfort to him, if Fortune, or the NecefTity of 
his Affairs had oblig^ him to travel to that City, I 
cannot think he would have undertaken fo long and 
dangerous a Voyage, at that Seafon of the Year, un- 
lefs he had had a fpecial Call from God for it,which 
it does not appear he had, or at leaft fome iirong 
and weighty Reafons to engage him to it, and that 
this was really his Cafe, 1 (hall endeavour to prove^ 
in the Courfe of thefe Papers. 

The other Reafon the fore-mentioned Expofitor 
gives is, that St. Ptf«/ might hope to gain the Good- 

• Cornelius a Lapidi, 

G 3 will 

Digitized by 


84 5n&^ Works 0r/i&^ Learned. Art 6* 

will of Neroi and if he failed in that, to have the 
Satisfa&ion of fuffering and dying in that great 
Theatre of the World, the Capital of the Roman 
Empire. But as this is mere Guefs-work and 
Conjefturc, I fhall pafs it over levi Pedcy nor lay 
a greater Strefs upon it than it will bear. ^ 

Some learned Men have endeavoured to ac* 
count for this Behaviour of the Apoftle, by 
faying, that he had Hopes of ftrong Recom- 
mendations to feveral confiderable Perfons a( 
Romty efpecially to Seneca iht Philofopher, who, 
as he had been Governor to Nero in his Youth, 
wjs now his prime Minifter, and a Man of great 
Credit and Intereft at Court ^ which Recommenda- 
tion might come from his Brother GalHo the Depu^ 
ty of Achala^ who had Ihewn him fuch Favour 
when he was accufed at Corinth^ that he flatly rcr. 
fufed to concern himfelf in the Affair, and was {(x 
far from facrificing SuPaul to the Fiercenefs and 
Malice of the Jews, who he plainly faw thirfted 
after his Blood, that he drove them from the Judg-» 
ment-feat, and fufFered Sofihenes^ the Head ot their 
Synagogue, to be infultcd and abufed before his 
Tribunal, without the leaft Shew of Refcntment, 
although it looked like a Contempt upon his Au- 
thority, Aasxy\\ui6^ 17, The Commentator, 
whom I have quoted above, has a very odd Notion 
about this Affair of Softhenes j he believes the Afr 
fault was made upon him by the Jews them-^ 
felves, who thought he was a Chriftian in his Heart, 
bad betrayed their Caufe, and pleaded faintly againft 
St. Paul \ but befides that the Words of St. Luke 
might eafily let him right, who is exprefe, that thi$ 
Affault was made by the Greeks, tAAnvt^, or the 
Gentiles, both Grotius and Hammondy {at quales 
J^iri ! ) are of a different Opinion, and both fay, 
that Softhenes was the main Accufer, and the warm^ 
eft Stickler againft St. J^aul. UtH Creditis ? I 


Digitized by 


Art-6- For A U G U S T, 1740. 85 

muft own I would rather pin my Faith upon thofe . 
two great Luminaries of Learning, than on a thou- 
fand fuch dull and heavy Commentators, as Corner 
lius a Lapidey and the reft of his Tribe. 1 know 
fome have gone farther, and have faid, that Gdl- 
Jio^s Favours to him proceeded from his being a 
Chriftian in his Heart, and a Convert of St. Paul% 
which they think produced a Friendftiip between 
him and Seneca^ and oecafioned the Epiftles, 
which are faid to have pafled between thofe two 
great Men/ and which both St.7^r^«« and St^Au* ' 
y?wi declared they had feeri. I fhall not here lay any 
S&eTs upon this pretended' Con verlion of the iJo- 
«o^lxl Magiftrate, which is certainly very liable to 
Su(picidn$ and has no ancient Authority to fupporc 
it ; much leis upon the Epiftles, which (efpecially 
thofe that are now extant) carry the nioft glaring 
Marks of Forgery, and arc allowed by learned 
Men td be Cfertainly fpurious. "But yet I^cannot help 
thinking, that St. PUul had fome kind Recommen- 
dations at Rome ; for thefe two Reafori^ rft^ From 
the kind Ufage he met with beyond the other Pri- 
foners upon his Arrival, and dui'ing his abode at 
Rome. 2dlyj From the great Succefs of his Mini- 
ftry ^nd preaching in that City, which extended 
even to the Palace and Court of Nero. » And /7>/, 
From the kind Ufage he met with at his Arrival, 
and during his abode at Ropfe. For wc read, in the 
1 6th Chapter of the ^Sj and the 28th Verfe, that 
when they arrived at that Oityi- the Centurion, who 
conduced them, and had them under his Charge, 
delivered his Prifoners to the Captain oi the Guards, 
who, I fuppofe, was Burrbus^ the intimate Friend 
of Seneca^ and the fecond Minifter after him j for 
'tis certain, he was about that time PrafeElt^ Pra- 
torioy the Commander of the PratorUn or Houfc- ♦ 
hold Troops, This Officer ordered the reft of the 
Prifoners to the common frifon, but St. Paul had 
G 4 this 

Digitized by 


86 TiSf Works of the Learned^ Art. 6. 

this Favour and Diftindion fliewn hitn^ that he 
was allowed to live in a private Houfe, only with 
a Soldier with him to attend and guard him ; I fay 
to guard him, for I conceive, the Man was placed 
about him rather as a Security for his Perfbn, than 
to prevent his Efcape ; fince it could never be 
thought, that one, who bad furrendered him- 
felf, and voluntarily made his Appeal to Ca- 
favy would offer to run away, and to fly 
from that Trial, which he io earneftly defired. 
This Soldier therefore, I fay, feems to have been 
placed about him as a Safety to his Perfon, left the 
Jtvjs^ who had already made fo many Attempts 
upon his Life, might again lie in wait and endea- 
vour to deftroy him. How long St. Paul continu- 
ed thus Prilbner at large, and how he came oflT up- 
on his Trial, the Scripture does not tell us, but I 
think we may fairly conclude, be came off with 
flying Colours, and was honourably acquitted \ 
fincc, after his Relcafc, he lived two Years in his 
own hired Houfe, and was allowed not only to re^ 
ceive all that came to him, but, which is more, 
. was permitted to preach the Kingdom of God, 
and to teach thofe Things which concerned the 
Lord Jefus Chrift, with all Confidence, no Man 
forbidding him \ which I believe. Sir, you'll allow,^ 
he never could have done, if he had been under 
the Disfavour of the Prince, and been found guil- 
ty of the Crimes that were laid to his Charge. 

Some Writers have imputed the kind Ufage that 
was fliewn to St. PauU to hisWifdom and Courage ; 
to the Regard and Refpeft, that were fhewn him by 
the Chriftians at B^ome \ to the Character the Centu- 
rion gave of him, who had made the Voyage with 
him \ or laftly, to fome kind Letters, which Fef- 
tus had written in his Behalf to Rome : But this laft 
I can by no means think to be probable, for I never 
can believe, that h?, who had fhewn him fo little 


Digitized by 


Art- 6. For AUGUST, 1740. 87 

Juftice at Cafarta^ would have troubled bimfelf to 
recommend him at Rome^ which would have been 
a Refleflion upon him^ fince it was his Injuftvoe 
that had drove him to the Neceffity of appealing to 
Cafar. But I rather believe, he was recommended 
by fome great Men to their Friends, and moft pro- 
bably, as^ I obferved before, by the Deputy q\ A- 
cbaia^ who was acquainted with his Cafe, had been 
Eyc-witnefs of the Malice ot the Jews againft 
him, and had refufed by an unjuft Sentence to facri* 
fice him to the Refentment of his implacable Ene- 
mies. The other Reaibn I afligned of the Favour 
he met with at Rome^ was the Succefs of his Preach* 
ing^and Miniftry there, which extended to the Pa- 
lace and the Court of Ntro. That he made him- 
felf Friends and Converts there, appears fh>m the 
4th Ch. of PbiU V. 22. where he mentions the 
Saints that were of Cafarh Houfhold, i. e. thofe 
that belonged to his Family, and Servants of his 
Courts and at the ift Chap, of the lameEpiftle, 
V. 12. he declares, that the Things which had 
happen'd tqhim, had fallen out rather for the Fur- 
therance of the Gofpel % fo that his Bonds were ma- 
nifeft in all the Palace, and in all other Places. The 
Word Palace here in the Original is ng^t/r^g/ov, 
Pr^tcriumj which, Hr. Hammond faith, fignifies 
the Common-Hall, the Court where Caules u(ed 
to be heard ; fo that St. Paur% being imprilbned 
ami brought before the Judges, might be a Means 
to make him known to th^Bench, and to the whole 
Court. But 'tis certain, the Pratorium at Rome^ in 
its primitive Senfe, implied the Camp of the Pta^ 
torian Guards, or Houfhold Troops of the Prince ; 
fo 'tis likely that, as he was attended by a Soldier, he 
might have had Occafion,to preach to the Soldiery,^ 
and to make fome Converts among thofe PratoriM 
Troops. But I believe the Word may be of a more 
extenfive Senfe, iind that as the Apoftle was a 


Digitized by 


88 The Works eftbe Learned. Art. 6. 

" Stranger, and wrote to thofe that were fuch, he 
might have taken the Word in the fame Senfe* it 
was ufed in the Provinces, where the Palace of the 
Prince or Governour was ufually called Pratorium^ 
z% Matuxxiu 27. and ^^jxxiii. 25. where the 
Palace of Herod is called the Pratorium ; fo he 
might mean by it the Palace of the Emperor. This 
is the Senfe that ancient Writers have given of it, 
and which carries fome Probability along with it, 
Befide, 'tis not certain, St. Paul did not appear be- 
fore Nero himfelf, or at Jeaft before the Prator^ 
who adminifter'd Juftice in his Name 9 £> that our 
Tranflacion may keep its Ground, and feems to ex- 
prefe the Scrife and Meaning of St. Pauh ^ 

Thus I have fairly ftated and confidered the Rca- 
fons alledged by learned Men for this App«il of 
St. Paul^ and calling himfelf upon the Tribunal 
of Ciefar. I Ihall now go on to produce my own, 
which I ihall entirely leave to your judicious Re- 
marks. I once thought the Reafbn was, that he 
cxpefted to find Juftice from Neroy^ who at that 
Time was ajuft, merciful, and gracious Man, and 
indeed a Pattern to all other Princes. I fay, at 
that Time, for the firft five Years of his Rdgn 
were fo remarkable for thefe princely Virtues, 
that Neronis ^inquennium^ the firft five Years 
of Nero^ pafled as a Proverb to exprefs a juft and 
gracious Reign. Thefe were really golden Days 
to the Romans^ ^nd continued to be fo whilft that 
Prince was unSer the Direftion, and followed the 
Advices of thofe two wife and good Men Burrhus 
$XiA Seneca ; but when he fhook off, their influ- 
ence, hearken'd to vile Flatterers, and was govern- 
ed by his vicious and wicked Favourites, by fuch a 
worthlefs Fellow as his freedman Pallas^ and fuch a 
wicked Wretch as JigellinuSi the Miruon of his 

• Sec Mr. V'Enfanfs Tejlamenf. in Locum. 


Digitized by 


Art. 6. For A U G U S T, 1*740. 8g 

Xiewdnefs, and the chief * Advifcr of his Crimes j 
then he appeared in his own true and proper Co-^ 
lours, and gave a Looie to his Paifions, broke 
out into all Cruelty, Follies and Extravagancies, 
proved a Monftcr, and became the Scourge of the 
world, and the Fear of Mankind, 'Twas then, 
thajc in a mad and drunken Fit, he fet the City 
oiRome on fire, and cruelly play*d over its Flames j 
and to fhift off the Odium of fo vile an Adion 
from himfclf, he laid it to the Charge of the poor 
Chriftians, and as fertullian has it. Primus in banc 
Seiiam Nero gladio ferociitj was the firft that drew 
the SwcM-d, and made capital Laws againft the 
Chriftians, who (as the iame Writer faith) tali au^ 
tbore perfecutionis gloriabantury gloried in having 
fiich a wordilefs Wretch to be the firft Perfecutor of 
their StGt. This happened in the 1 2th Year of that 
Prince's Reign, whereas St. PauH Appeal and Ap^ 
pcarance h^ovt jlgrippa^ are placed hyDv.Ham^ 
mand in the %A Year of Nero. 

But tho' St. Paul might expeft to have Juftice doner 
him thc^n at Rome^ he had, . I am perfuaded, much 
ftronger Reafons to engage him to the Step he made 9 
Firft^ To deliver himfelf from the Perfecution of the 
J^ewSi and the many Attempts they made againft hi« 

* 'Twas he that put Nero upon that unheard of Cruelty of 
clothing popr Wretches in Garments dipped in burning Matter, 
the iuntca MoU^a^ and, with a Stake run through their Bodies, 
expofingthem in Rows likefo many Torches to the Sight and 
Diverfion of the People, which Juvenal allude? tp in his (irft 
Satire at the 1 5 jth Vcrfc. 

Tent^gellinum t^da lucehts in Hid 

Slud StaMes ardent ^ fixn gutture futnant. 

If into Rogues omnipjotent you rake. 
Death is your Doom impaird upon a Stake ; 
8mear*d o'er with Wax, and fet oh fire to light 
The Streets, and ma]ce a dreadful $Iaze b^ Night. 


Digitized by 


90 7i&^WoRKsg/'/i5^ Learned. Art. 6. 

Life, idly^ To fhelter himfelf from the ill Ufagc 
and Injuftice of the Roman Governours. . ^idly and 
laftfyj Becaufe he knew he ran no Rifle, but went 
upon fure Grounds, there being no Law or Edift, 
no Statute or Penalty at that 1 ime in Force againft 
the Chriftians at Rome. 

And firfiy to deliver himfelf from the Perfecu- 
tions of the Jews, and the continual Attempts they 
made againil his Life. And indeed he could not 
cxpeft any Thing elfe from them. He was a Con- 
vert from their Religion, a Deferter of their Caufe, 
and now (hewed as much Zeal for the Chriftian 
Religion, as he had done Fiercenels and Cruel- 
ty againft it before. From that Time, from the 
Moment of his Converfion, the Jews became his 
nioft implacable Enemies. Froni that Time his 
Life became a Scene of Dangers and Pcrfecutions. 
I fhall only offer two or three Inftanccs of it, and 
for the reft refer to his own Words, where he gives 
fuch a moving Defcription of his Sufferings. Thus 
do we read ^ the 9th Chapter of the JUsy that 
when he had confounded the Jews at Dama/cuSy 
proving that Jefus was the Chrift, the Jews took 
Counfel to kill him, and watched the Gates Day 
and Night to compafs their cruel Defign ; then the 
Difciples took him by Night, .and let him down by 
the Walls in a Baflcet, Verfes 22, 23, 24, 25. 
Another Time, a Tumult was raifed againft him, 
that he would have been torn to Pieces, if the chief 
Captain had not fcnt Soldiers to refcue him out of 
their Hands. And laftly, to make fure Work, they 
added an Execration to their Malice, and forty of 
them bound themfelves tinder a Curfe, not to eat 
nor drink till they had deftroy'd him. But let us 
hear the moving Account St. Paulhimk\( gives of 
his own Sufferings, at the 2d of Cor. xith Chapter 
and 23d Verfe, where he declares, he had been in 
Labours abundant, in Stripes above Meafure, in 


Digitized by 


Art. 6. For A U G U S T, 1740: 91 

Prifons frequently, in Deaths oft ; that thrice he had 
been beaten with Rods, and five times he had been 
fcourgcd by the Jews. 

But what made his Cafe the more deplora- 
ble was, that he had rio Rehige to fly to, he 
could expeft no Relief nor Jufticc from the 
Roman Govcrnours ; for as Pilate joined with 
Herod againft Chrift, fo his Succeflbrs ever fided 
and agreed with the Jews in perlecuting St. Paul % 
of this he had fufficient Experience in the two laft, 
Felixy and Feftus his Succeffor, The firfl: of thefe 
was a wicked and corrupt Magiftrate, who had 
been guilty of all manner of Oppreflion, and In- 
juftice in his Government j and, at the very Time 
chat St, Paul appeared before him, lived in open 
Adultery with another Man's Wife, whom he had 
taken by Force from her Hufband. This St. Paut 
was appriz*d of, and when permitted to fpeak be- 
fore him, did not in the leaft footh and flatter him 
in his Vices, bot reafoned before him concerning 
Righteoufnefs and Temperance, or .(as the Words 
€/^mai(i>fftJvH4 and i-yo^td^ in the Original feem ra- 
ther to imply)' of Juftice and Continency, the 
Breach of which he had been itioft notorioufly guil- 
ty of, and gave him fuch a moving and awaken- 
ing Lefture, that it put hini into a Fit of Trem- 
bling ; but this good Qualm of Coniciencc was 
foon over, he quickly (hook and ihifted him oflf^ 
as other Sinners do their Repentance to a more con- 
venient Seaibn $ and at laft, whether he was piqued 
and ofiended at the Freedom of his Difcourfc, or 
that (as the Holy Writ intimates) he was in Hopes 
to draw Money out of him, thus giving a frefh In- 
ftance of Injuftice and Extortion, he refufed to 
grant him his Liberty, as ir* Confcience he was ob- 
liged to do ; and when he was recalled from his 
Government, willing to oblige the Jenvs^ whofe 
Relentments he had juft Reafon to fear, and left 
they Ihould follow him with their Accufations to 


Digitized by 


gt ^ WoftKs offk Lb AftNED. Art. 6* 

Rome^ he left him to be tried and judged by his Suc- 
ceflbr Feftus. But he had foon Reafon to repent of 
this his Complaifance, and currying Favour with^ 
the Jews J for his Back was no fooner turn'd, but 
they followed him with their Complaints to Rome^ 
where he loft the Favour of Nero j and if it had 
not been for the Intereft he made with his Brother 
Pallas^ the Freedman and Favourite of that Prince, 
he had likewife loft his Liberty, if not his Life^ 
Yet this had no Influence upon his Succeflbr Fef- 
tus^ nor made him fhew more Juftice and Equity 
to St. Paul. For tho* he had, as I hate already 
obferved, heard the Caufc at his Arrival at de/ana^ 
.and was convinced of his Innocence, as the Apoftle 
had the Courage to t^U him to his Face, Ads xxv* 
ID. Yet, as he was willing, at his firft coming 
into the Government, to pleafc and gratify the 
Jews J he would have perfuaded him to go to Jeru-^ 
falem to be tried. But the Apoftle wifely law the 
Snare that was laid for him, refolved to fly to the 
dernier Refort, pleaded his Privilege as a Roman^ * 
and boldly made his Appeal to Cafar^ which he 
was the more encouraged to do, becaufe he knew 
he went upon iafe Grounds, that there were no Laws 
could touch and afled him at Rome^ no Pains and Pe* 
naltiesin Force againft the Chriftians ; which was the 
third Reafon I affignM, and perhaps the ftrongeft, 
that engaged him to take fuch a Step. 

Tl^re had indeed been an Edict lately iffued out by 
Claudius toexpell the Jews from Romey by Reafon, 
as Suetonius relates, of fome Tumults and Diftur* 
bances they had railed in that City. Judaos impulforc 
Chrifto^ (aith that Writer, tumultuantes Roma expu^ 
lit. Suet, in Claud, c.25. But this concerned the 
Jews only, and was not in the ieaft defign'd to af* 
fed the Chriftians, I muft confefs, fome of them 
were Sufiercrs by it, and were involved in that Sen* ' 
cence, and that purely by the Miftake and Ignorance 


Digitized by 


Art, 6. For AV GUST, 1740. 93 

of the Romdns^vfhoj not knowing the Difference that 
was between the two Sefts, were apt to confound 
ihcm together. This ,was the Fate of Prifcilla and 
Aquila^ whom, as St. Luke faith, St. Paul found at 
Corinth, whither they were, fled from JR^w^, becaufe 
of this Edidl of Claudius, jfSls xviii. 2. This St. 
Epipbanius thinks was alfo the Fate of St. John 
the Evangelift, who, he faith, by Virtue of that 
Law was at that Timebanifli^d to the Ifle of Pat^ 
mos: He is indeed Angular in this Account, fince 
the beft and mod authentick Writers place the 
Exit of that Apoflle almoft forty Years after, in 
the 15th of Dotnitian, A. D. 95. Be it as it will, 
this does by no means affed the Point in Queftion. 
What I infift upon is, that there was not at that 
Time * any Edift or Law againft the Chriftians as 
Chriftians, nor indeed till near 10 Years after, 
when Nero, to remove the Shame and Scandal of 
letting Rome vnFirey laid the Blame upon the inno- 
cent Chriftians, IfTued out the firft Edifts againfl 
them, and difcharged his Rage and Fury upon 
them. This plainly appears from the Teftimony of 
the beft Writers, and ftill more clearly from the 
Inftance of 3t. Paul himfelf, who, when he was re* 
leafed from his Confinement at Rome, was fo far 
from being molefted andperfecutedfor his Religion, 
that he was fufFered, as I have (aid before, to live two. 
Years quietly in his own hired Houfe, to receive all 
that came unto him, to preach tne Kingdom ofGod^ 
and to teach thofe Things which concerned the Lord 
Jefus Chrift wi(h all Confidence, no Man forbid- 
ding him ; which he would never have been fufiered 
to do, had there been any Laws or Edi&s at that 
Time in Force againft the Chriftians at Rome. Dr. 
Hammond on this Place has made a Remark, which^ 

* St. Paul made his Appeal in the 2d Year of Nno, and the 
PerfecatiM was not till the szth Year of that Prince. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

94 ^^ Works of tbehEAnVED. Art.6. 
I conceive, ia not entirely right ; he thinks, that the 
Rwdinefs whidi Ftftus, Ojtvf^d in admitting this Plea 
and Appeal qI St. Paul^ was a Proof that there 
were no Laws ema^ed a^inft the Chriftians. But 
with.lubmiffiqn to that very » learned, that great 
Diiftawr io the'jRimblid t/ liters y 1 can ^ by, no 
means thinly |;)i^ Oofervation p. be juft, fince it was 
what that Goyernour at bis Per^l could not refufc to 
admit, it beings as much, as His Place, and his Life 
were worth to prpqeed farther in ' the Matter . 5 6ncc 
the Julian Law, as \ have obferyed above, mad^ it 
a capital Crime .for any Magiftf ate to try, con- 
demn, punifli,,ipipri(bn, icourgie, orput any-pri- . 
minai to death, that had made his Appeal to C^- 
far. But tho* the Admiflion of his Plea did not . 

{)roye it, yetthev«-y Appcfl of the Apoftlej)fain- , 
y fliew^d, that the that Time were not 
within the Reach, or under the Lafli of any Law, 
fince the Step that he took would have been run-, 
nin^ frona Cbarybdis upon *Scylla^ and rufhing into 
greater Dangpr, Aan ^e might have run ^t home, 
and which, his own Prudence would have diredted 
him to aydd j and . upon tW, h? .pvit the wliqle 
Strefs and Iffue of his. Affair, irf ^h^ Defence h^ ^ 
made before the Governor ^<^i/ J*- iV'^j/^&^r againfi- 
tbeLawy noragdnft the Temple^ nor yet againfi Cap- 
fat have I offended any thing a( all. A^^ xxy. 8., 
The Truth is, he was b far from offendiiig agalnft 
his Prince^ that in his Writings, nay even' in.thofc 
very Writings hedirefted to the ChriftianiT at Rowe^ 
he had recommended Non-rcfiftance and Obedience 
to Neroy . under no lefe a Penalty than that ot eternal 
Damnation^ ; telling them, .fhat whofocyer refitted 
the Power then in wing, rcfifted the Ordinance of 
God, and that they that refilled (houlcl receive, to 
themfelves Damnation. Rom. xiii. g« And this, 
I am perfuaded, was the Reafon of the BehavicMir 
ofGallh thePro-conful oiAcbaia^ towasdsSt.P4ir/, 


Digitized by 


Art. 6. Fvr A XJ G V S T, 1746. c)^ 

when he was brought before him by the Jews at Co^ 
rintb^ which haS been blamed by fdme learned 
Men, as too eafy, tarelefs and indolent, and cen- 
lured by others as riot anffcering the Charafter Se^- 
rieca gives him of a juft and upright Min, • nor (bit- 
able to the Dignit;^ of a Roman Ma'giltrate, and a 
Governour of a Province, But thcfe Cenfures, I 
believe, will readily fall to the Grolind, if We J(et 
the Matter in a true PoiAt of View, and enter into 
the Merits of the Caufe, which was plainly this : 
Gallio Was Deputy from the Empcfor, as a Judgd 
in Matters that were purely civil j his Bufinefs was 
to preferve the Peace, to fecure and defend the Li- 
berties and Properties of the People that were un* 
dcr his Care, and to punifh fuch Crimes as were 
committed within his Diftrift and Jurifdiftion ; bui: 
ais for Matters that were merely ecclcfiaftical, Dif- 
putes between the Jews aijd ChriJIiam in Matteri 
relating 16 their Religion *, khefe he knew were be- 
yond his Commiflioh, ^hat he had nothing to dl6 
^ith, and therefore juftly refufed to imerrflfeddlfi 
in fuch Matters, This was what in plain Terms 
he declared to the Jews'^h.m they applied to him, 
and demanded Juftice abainft St. Paul If this wa^ 
a Matter, faid he, o\ Wrong or wicked Lewdnefs, 

ye Jews^ Reafon would, thit I fliould beat 
with you ; but if a Qucftibn of Words and frames, 
6r of your Law ; otWdrds, * whether Chrift was 
to be called Meffias^ and be diftinguifhed by that 
Name? Of Names, whether it be lawful for Chri- 
ftians to diftinguifh themfelvcs frdm the Jews ? 
Of their Laws, Whether it juftly condemns all Gen- 
tiles thai are not circumcifed, and makech it ilinlaw- 
ifuJ to converfe with fuch Men ? Look ye to it, for 

1 will not be a Judge iii fuch Matters. So^ flatly re- 
fuling to concera himfclf with fuch Points, he 

* y. Dr. Hammond in Locum. 

H drov^ 

Digitized by 


96 72v WonKs tftbehnAfMED. Art* &• 

drove them from the Judgment-Seat, jtSs ^viiL 
14, 15, 1 6. BeTides; the Pvofeflion of Gtfi//^ might 
have direded him to* procttd tn this Afiair. Euji^ 
hius fatth, hc^ pleaded and ddclikned widi great 
RepQcatioiv at Romi ; and as ^t may be fore, he did 
ndt fati to jofit tahis EIoc^eMe, whai Tulty recom«^ 
mcrids-'as *fo eifential to ai^tOraitdr and Pleader, I 
mean, a thorough Knowledge of the Laii^s of his 
Country ; this might fatisfy him, that he had no 
Rule t& go by, no ^adnoA ttt proceed up6A in at 
Matter aboOt which there were no Laws and Sta- 
tutes in thejR^m Codex: S0 that far fron^ being a 
Refledion upon that Magiftrate, it redounded ro 
his Honour, fince he could not ad otherwife with- 
out a plain Bt-each of Truft, without bein^ guilt]f 
of Injuftiee, and ftfalning thofe Laws, which, b>. 
the Nature of his Ofike, he wa'^ obliged to main-^ 
tain. t 

And thus. Sir, I have tonfidcfped the Na(^e of- 
the Appeals t6 Rome^ a^ the great AdvafitSt^ that 
acGTuied to the Su^je^s^frOmthem, as dlfa^ Mo- 
tives which the Apoftle hiiid to fiy to diat Kenks' 
dy^ and to challenge 'his Prilrildge ^kfUA^M^CU 
titstti. If yOQ teioiv aiyy^ Reafbii^^ of greaftef 
Weight and Force, I'begybb would favour %e* 
with them, tha^ if I find myfeirin die \|iftog^l n^ 
dofe in with your Opinion, and dcfift from n^ 
own, which I am ialways r(^ady to* do^ fince vtid 
One has a 'gfeater DdcrSncc for your Jik(%men V 
than, "*••' • ,>''' 


ized by Google 

Art 7- -Rir A tj G U S TP, ij/^p. 97 

A R T I G L E VIL . 

It is in compliance .with the DefM'e.'Of iht Au^ 
thor o^ (bis little. Piecr» th^ I gj^v^ii- a place in 
our Iiift9(lx*,afwritsbein^jiubUftc4in^w the 
weeklj Pdperji4<. Tbli/i E4ici0{i :di&|-i frp^ the for^ 
mei^ ia fome' rpinUte Ini^ancp»» . > 

- •' » . • . • ^ ' '•• . • 

Jtt Introdu^tlw /p /^ ^^^ ^h I^tc Chaenccllor 
TXtPOTii \QofH4iM^g,fo^ general fjeajf or To 

fornkd. - 

IN ^W»iflg up Memmn of ibis kift^r the ff^ri^ 
tet (hpiUId be qareful, to ipake choice pf a Suim 
jeS^ JA iTf aMog.aQd canv;^m^ which, in a proper 
manner^ fuch Scenes of Adion and Purfuit will; 
nacur^Vjg wd neceiQatiIy« occur to the Confiderati- 
bp (if t^ Re4de%:. as will not only tend to gratify 
a^i>blf8e btf Curv?(ity^. bat likewife CQ ii«ftru&. 
zaA\t^g^<ii his Judgment. 

TlwihOtild be thecooftant Aim Of every PcHfon^ ^ 
i^JKi:taliKtsi)pooiMmfdf the En)p)oymaic of writicig 
Irires ( #mdl, ^n.^QurOpioion^ this End will be, 
hu^ eg^tj^yi .janfwered 1 npt by bringing upon 
the Stags^^ Afll. of their CeUf and. Rec^^is^ Men^ ^ 
who^ ^ tbe^mQjR:p^r{y h^ve lived a l^ifeof Soli* 
tude a&dl^Retireq^eqc ; . aichwgh thelfe very Men 
have, (bmetimes, diftinguifh'd themfelves by fo 
wonderful a Proficiency in uf^ful and honoarable 
Studies^ as to merit the Approbation and Acknow* 
ledgments bdth of the prefent Age an i late Pofterity ; 
becaufe it often happens with iVIen of this Chara6lcr» 
bac notwithftanding they have b'eenib happy as to ac^ 
quire a great and juit Reputation by the Service they 
nave done the Public^ in the Courfe of their Stu- 
cfiei} yet the Accidents of fuch Mcn*s Lives do not 
H 2 afford 

Digitized by 


98 ne Works oftblfhtARHtD. Art. 7. 
afford a fufficient variety of Materials towards the 
comjjiling; ^ afly Part of Civil Hiftoi^y^ or towards 
forming eid^r u%ful ot entertaining Menioirs of 
iih?s Nacurcv . 

\ What Inj|^redi5nt5, for I^ftance, towards foi-ming 
fuch .Mempif ;$, can ic found *>r expeftcd in the' Life 
t^^iJU^rne^ Rmufe^ who, m confequcnoc of his Re- 
tirement, apdpf \ik tot'aLJbfiraaion from public 
Affairs^ b^s bp^n^ enabled perhaps ,to oblige the 
World wjtK great Improveitoents in feveral Branch- 
es of xhe n^athematica) Science, ot to deal out to the 
Public^ more elaborate ' and inefh6dracl Syftems in 
fome ocl^er Sciences, than what have, perhaps^ ap- 
peared before in the World ? . 
r To ipeak the Truth 5 the Spirits of fuch Men 
•are feldon^ in ^proper Fitnif$^ or Dir^a^i^ to pro- 
duce fine ;^nd appoTite Reafoniogs^ with reference to 
4ny other SubjeA tfc^ft Jihai which kigroflfes their 
whole Attention-, jTor a^ Jhe Cuteirc aridlmprbve- 
ipent of ^me Cranfjh; ^ tfcc^ SciflBces^ generally, 
makes up the w^tf/^ of fuch Mens Purfuits^ fom 
|;hatf generaUy>^confifti xHsit^btk^iiib^'-li^nts. 
^ The Glory of i;qnvit^^mj^]n^^ to an 

is0\A.BiogKaphic^ ^^m9ir^Ci^':rdkmA^ iblely to 
" Men of ^wiverfal'Q^mmK^)Ai.zu^ 
that )^ fay, ^ thof^. ojoly^lwbofi Eduoadoh has 
43ee^,laidUi\ the «}|/«4/.5/ir^»^** ftehJ^H*pfwe- 
ments^ are only to be fnade fcoita a thorot^b 
Knowledge and Acquaintance with Men arid Books^ 
iand who have, all their Lives, been «19dcdce<i in 
the Knowle^e andconperned in tfaejiA^orinifttktion 
pf , Agairs 'of State ; This rarct and fingolar Piwi- 
Jegp^is rf fervcji ^ Xf> fuch Vkfiw cmly, as.are* eooallir 
b%ppy and imnitabk in the Choipe of the jufteR 
.-ind prop^rcft Matter, fuited to all the OctaflOni, 
Vhich the Variety and Imporcalice of/^iheir Eirtf- 
pioyme;n;s demand, and it) <reConfuneQdi(ig and a- 
doming that Matter^ by tbc*yepyJEitcrft,'.bcfkaffd 
*- happieft 

Digitized by 


Aft. 7, , Br h U G U S T,, .1740. 99. 

happieft Manner of conveying and cotnttiahicating 
it tothcPublic,-^ who have an ciqaifitc Grace and 
Propriety in all their Deportments, (fuch'a Gf/ce 
and ^tibprieuy as 15, indeed^ ^r eaSerrfor hii^ib^i/^ . 
4;€rn th^n to difcribe^ as- well^Vthc nibtt cbafum- 
mate Knowicdge cm Thingsf j — who are ^ble to 
tf^oe them in tbek miiUitQft>Differehces, and in their- 
remotdt Confequoices, and to fee through theh*. moi^ 
combinied and cooiplicated RelafioA^ j tad Wtiofe Spir 
rits, by iongPradice and E>ff)ei»ieaee, ha^e contraaed 
an baintuaJ-and (if lytmy be allowed the E)t])itfrion) a . 
mecb/imalSympaShy mth great ^d diflrcuit Under* 
takings •, to fuch a Degrec^i ihAtthc'greateft and tinoH 
arduousiAftiairsar^ to ibch iMcn the proper Sphere and 
Eiept9nt,ust whiQh they de)ighr/D'/ii;!f and move and 
have their B^ng'y ^' ihihk'mg'^ piradvenfur^, from 
theticetodeffivenewQccsvlSonsiof Gldi-y, and to neap 
frejh.diatirelj ftom the^ E«rdic ahd dufe Exertion 
of fuch^. extau»dihary Talencs and Accdmpliih'^ 

T&r Goi«lu<Eb <^ibcH Mm under the mU^ 
aQd;n)oft .ioij^rtaar'^Iteiaftions to theSt^te^ and in 
the^mbft ax^uft'aad^inoft cmtpicuous T^^^rrr ot JJ^ 
/fm> ^caid^dEity.iurnifl^ pniper Ingriditnts to ren- 
der a ^NasM^nHv^ of this kind ufefnl and iriftrudivd 
T*hCiibiitoitat\MfafuFfSi ^ich are fet to View, in 
Memoios of this Sorc^ ^re( apt to gain and win 
the vsjityr> ^ol of "an if^Mieus leader to the fanie 
jPtyMd)fti9»jff8ramiUif. .1 ' " 

Afitiowr^ it is a « TribuU of RefpeSIj whjcfK > We 
cohCtivelcabe due w the^Memries of M^n^ who 
hm^Jtefofitddz^d adwnid the State by their Merits 
jMdiScrvlicei^ %M!tUx\)?f^iQ ^omfnemorate fuch'-Ser- 
vioe^^tqirjthe.lVkans ot^ififijft^ry gravely arid. faithfully 
Wfk v'^v by^jwfcwf :flp6tt«ir, .toendcavout' to raife 
an Emuhi}tim'4ff^ tiuir fGrf«es^ and to inftrqdt Fd- 
fterHy bytbeir Example. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

igo ^^vWoRJcso^A&rLEARJiECu Art. 7* 

^^befi M$tives have deeefi»iiied cis to draw up a 

fem ii^wi)i#^;)don!(%feryttdon5, xelatuig toth« Life 

' of the ht^ ijord TatimH 4MUiufe.we thinks chat a 

D0aif.cS fUcli Matters at>^ omfelves have had 

cither an Opponilknitf of obftrvjjp)^ or.xcif coUed- 

iog with any iceritAinty, imtn tKe.ftepom of others^ 

with* rekciim to diiienC!hara^r opd Condtif): of fp 

great a^Man^tnii^ affopd a iivcly aiid ipftruftiv^ 

Leflbnof ^MwaI acid f^hilofopbical Vinue. ^ 

^ lo i^, ichetiv i/JK«'z;efy&/Av ^^oed» that jLond STii/- 

t moft honourable St^ion.^ the Law, (to which the 

' Efi^imktiAAfeSidn^dfhis^elkm Citiztm^ as well 

' ^ the Pai;(mr^ and dtfcerntng'^udgmmt of .his £wtfr 

iWgfxr, had rsfiied him)i tby. die tnofli gonuifie aodiin-* 

aifet^red < Plasnfielk vaodv Simpimty of Manneprs i^ 

^ the odmiraUe and v^ipcommon Folieky of hig. 

y QsDijW^ai^oocu pained with aimolHblid and oompfehcn- 

ifft ^h6Wiedgi;^bdth.fltid/iJ^f«!^c«Mifid iftdto Petiti- 

€at$4i4nti % toy his femarkablc Lo^ of Juft ice^af>d% a 

cation to pncMsnote-every tthfiig, ivtbkh >F^2(hkd <lhe 
^e^ce of the Gm$mmiii^^i An faabioialCoii^laeenc]; 
and donftaht Serebirjp ihbne iiirihb€6an(enam< v<hi% 
Eye was^ift and:pie¥cing4 aodhis LiOQkfr'w(m,ftich 

«s e^ideiiodd a; ^ind (^^iM/itoMj^^^^ ^^^^^ 
Humanity, as d«»iot%d h^rol co be/tht Frmd^ Uid 
iyeU-'wilh^ i^f Munkhid ^^hUsr.vvh^lt BejioctfMnt 
was, mdeed^ very n^te and.<fi9riQi]S4. Ha dtd^ in 
te^Iity, tfteena it kis gt'eateft >be con- 
Cfninaliy ^^\o^A4n f^i^ing the.i Ot«ft vabd .(^Or 
niocir)g the Ma^^inefivof Mankind. > 'He had Air^r 
/^ -^kgnanmit^f atjd litfikt^efiid » Spirit^ as to? thit^ jk> 
"SjicHfice tod greats ^^hefe hfiaiHiMiour, oi* tbc^JiKe* 
r^ft^6r^htf^orftni«^ty/Teqoi^ed«. . |ir|nf&r*d 
ri^ Ttftilnlbf^ ^'tiW €6a§3idnoe^ afd^thc Dtiehaige 
df the Duty he owed hij Coai^ry, to the temler-* 
tfi and moft endearing Concerns and Confiderationa 

Digitized by 


Art 7- For A V GXJ STy 1740* 101 

of his Life: —With him the Love of his Country 
had always the J/cefkitintj and.waa ftiit/,tO iff^mpb 
^t^frevtrypedbnal Conridoatioii:)Biu6ihefil.Thi<%s, 
(as well as many odier P^wt^/V^/nriHtf/i Mrorthy. to 
be kndWn, with rdation ^ hut) itriUi bitft va^ar 
intbefdtiywUgHifi$ry ^ his 'Life^{^^\i\ch #bxIo 
not fb much propora,((j)terthe Mimneraod CoAqih 

• oi fi)itie^ who havr.pcGGokd us in the .P/imv^^of 
^riiiwg Lii^s) n»snss^i injud^^iiujfyi. aiki initvffe- 
tately 10 prsife^ ashf^ ^faidikl .afld^/ilc(turftt^!£i^tl- 
meraffioli of Fa&s, ^cotxiiiig co i^ripeftiof our 
Judgmcac, and accovcUng^to the Natucei aftd Viri<> 
cty of fuch Coojundkuivsrand bictdi^iiAraa ni^^yi^ 
under oar £xaminatiba ki treaui^ tbis Subje^^i itell 
and arueiy to ffdmute ^mA appiuji hta Conduct,;^- 
greeablf to^h^cdie^CiiTumftante&otthe Cafe fliall 
ttiofl^ feeot to nsquite; . , We AiatLhiokl i)uc t^ £i;^^/ 
bf EvidtHiti and of impartial ErRitCf the iR^^ii^ ; 
and then leave himatfuUXiberfiy jtorpuitftieaDcJhe-- 
ftablift bis own C>0nClufi6n6« JBOt fpi eHbiiitA^ ^at- 

pUi^em Omj^miom^ lyic'y inore fully. atxlp^tiailar- 

his drft^^gpmii^^ tOcAWi^ 'ihe^ Jkoj&'aiBf of: -the 

/0«rj ijt0ito through att the^eoMnei^ ^ ana jfn|>(>minc 

^ S^iantontjniidudiit .he^ aftcirwardsiv fufta!ne4 ihr ^c 

iSboie'tvW^^ti nob only QODfider hin^ •as^an^^^^^/^ 

0r tP(UsAM^ 6/: Pr9Si^ ^^ : /ifr^ Mr*^ dfi , b»viii^ l^iad 

^ r^titaipk tUt>i3gh(a< Series fo{).K&aoy.>year$^i lo |)pth 

Honfi^df Parltatnent^ ;a«-ie^t(Ki aposK %h^ . J^i^h, 

and ^r«ficlingdixereasyMr7i^4^#^in thcJjigi^fljfmJiMufed 

CcuPPdi JuditBtun in the KingciofUy m^^^ ^^prinfii- 

pal Mfmi»4iithiCoimiipfSfahjfhm:m (H^JM^e* 

wi6:4X)nIu]er .htih.ia the mijpr and fmiUar Copyf^rfe 

aiidiinMrooiv^ wkhJai3 ^rioo^s^^ l^fm^i^'^Tflo- 

fikftk:^ Mk v^ aaf IheW, that he, ^a$ n»t l^^x^ con. 

fidtoreibMlor.hisx^Gapacity and^ JRtdslityiJntlM^iQif. 

rChfti^Cbf rhi5>pab&Of£a)ploynient5t (hao honps^^jni- 

'•''•'f V T T ./:. x; .;.: -. . ,.; vr-i| '.1 iable 


ed by Google 

1Q2 The Works oJ the Learned. Art. f. 
able in employ il)g and apfMropriaciDg his Hours of 

Hi* DMihj>5j/aiwn^'a /Vifi^rf^/ J^^^ and in 
x)[ic/uUBlmf iPCn^U ihor<thQmiirahl^rAdvM»gcs, 
whiich ar<;,fo()dqg ia^titqmripg^.'.lsfflb^al in 

U^ mi tf}(.^hrCAfemf(arariitt, sras^ar^Tis^ >feit&ble 
l4ig^lf?M^ft^^piilPJ&i^f vyv w^i^.irf iiiQfcii: Na- 
tl]^ ^ that it^rrfifHi^ gfM.j/Uevmtim.iby hisbc- 
ing (iigp^QdRdi wAUitiih.n^gnky^ by a Abgi^e 
,4)f, i^Of^ ^r^JiMfV^^*iva^e jand^Efointnce) wheir it 

^ fegu^cit (o cbc F4lbti<^)^dtal, lin Lord HMr^ickg^ 

.Tfh^. V.oji»'\^.>g4«r^ fitfj^/^^^iww'y' for jtWJdeaA. 
of J^ord^TA^alir ^a^tJbiiD fco(i(ChaB^' into «n^- 

.,, Md ffeire a,. flwJBitfld (fQ»ijR*«^^rf^^'^n$' to 
our, Vipi^.i .ididDot we .find ogjrjfcbrcft t^aimd^ flSt 
to tl>U P^rticuli^rii 4>y. re^Q,'.,fbatvNW8\concolyc, 

pr^ifipg. Mwj jtQ;di^ii Faces, tj tboughJitfAciPr^/ 
,. ihpu)d proceed iipoiYi.the^pt^/.yS^iit Pamri^w^^i 
phAlic Merits GfififMy^ Mdii^Br^i^heSiy^ftn^i^^ 
;Ms 'Qbje^M)fi did rmfn/^H^ owe flkwrt^d^V« jwlgo 
, the. AuciQipt* ryoi^onhjl to ijey^owii/iff^ii'jforcrthc 
-He^fons already fllle^ig^ir.but tfl^beinekogflihrr, 
.vpqefeijary^ ^< a.TJiw, f^vbcnvi)hc'i!W&^i^ cytry 
. "^hWf' J^rof^pg^ artd fmiaimm-^ i3bngatiQ»s, 
,. which rii t^ht»jihe<w5^>«Mfitf#^.W^ 
wKidi^t^PPW* «bfo^h i*ftil»&l!Aj;G^^ 

C^«j!?^ VJiyfii^ dfe.^ifjewvjajthe^l^r^ffaf^ot^t^c 
Gr^^/ Snal •, fq that -^J^-T^afc fmifiAibo 'mdi'm^4^e- 
taphpr^ . but yet |y as tp,*?»y?/?rf)-a»fcrioijs Trarf(anA 
a inpft indeniable Fad) the Benefit and Emdlument 
\ V ; si ; '- which 

Digitized by 


Art. ji p0r AUGUST, 1740. 103 
which the Public receives from Chancellor Hard- 
vncke^ is of fudi a Nature ^nd Tendency a$ that 
his Lordfliip may not, improperiyi be fafito etnu- 
bcs. tbe br>8^t Pifi«n»oll xMIk^ia^Sciii^mH kbd 
ttfefuJ InHuence whi^^iMfli^ up©h %ofeflii(jgs, 
ii^h>4re;.p4«sed witbrti the Spbir$\>^kt& AQtvity : 
Left, dierefore, we AMoM^inoDr^hi !^<% l^hS im^ 
pifiaiok of a ttempting) tc\ -^ik ^'SM iait^^. 
rtdimt 'Splendour, We bafte» w^ialiv ^' ^ei/M-' 

■ MM^ Mdnft. to . the .{(«Uki-, ittiti db^ingi, ^hkt 
it «te /w* 'fimf^nfimniHahitsi m4 'PhftfUdtis itt 

•tbcMmd at WBi)MK'Xb8W,->lteiie^er,,toha<tefo)>tA- 

,itti«Ae«ClutnMfteriOf ,ij(frd;^iiA«r> wtid^ih y;»f ^ik« 
GnattuTs of if, OP^tha>^yir/i>»«>c aHed hJugna nmity 
pcsbckftsawiiefflMtialfyi coafiftsv irbeiiig, in our 

J^l^wAty ml ofmH^^^itMge'^xA^oiUbJtim' of "this 

< it^'-wte' able,<.^apiM >aUi«O«6afi0ii$,v tb i^ivtf- ]i;videhce 

of a ^ear/ wholly dieted to tmbrafiO'everyhonkl 

i'MtiiagaAxmt Msntfiiffibf ' Proceeding, and of ibeir 

iial^mg^fbfk M^a^if Mhid (as ^ >Wohfs; 'whith 

JudMlc.7M»«£chofe< i^^lr* A1>#m^, -itid which he 

'toi(fc^8i^i«s Witt a^)^r'in'the<Ci)i!(r/rof his fixfto' 

i^^^jtodanriy to verify ^ bj hiiCohdoft, feem to 

'fpOMPMi^-Bs fliews, that they regaif>d the Welfare 

IjSOdril^pf^fec^ Manltfiid with fo »^#/0^«» andm- 

:>^ »)p\:Atpak and M^^ion;- thatthdr own mod 

3ltnmtdiMe*>iM(d ii^/V^ Irtoircftti a^ not, in any 

(!«l|fi§oitonfiStedi' ^ere thofe Imerefts happcrf'to 

^ftmdc^^4iiA«ipeti)W3A^iththe due and regdaf Exer> 

■'C^:Qfctt)e miratvM^^imi Duties v the Mind trf a 

'^fi^0(jiAvm^aiKinuRr4dtedi%y the^i«iAr>^iid Z;(^'/ 
-'ttMjiSV^ifalch a^.PrbtedaiWi -^ «obe able, ■witb the 
3 J«riB«w»P-9J»yv'tfw<ir 04h^UeefHrj, >m •Milt6 the m6ft 
>Mte/i*»ificr SiuripA ^^HvdUr -of'iU' - 


Digitized by 


]04 7^ Works tftlie Lbaxnvd. Art 8, 

A R T I c L B yin. 

' • ■ . . ■- ' *. - . .',.•' 
. A Cmf'^tttim. «I M. RolIin*j Hijkry of the 

WE havi lately given fokne Accoantofthat Fkit 
of this Volutne, which Tchites to the Poetry 
and Poets of thfe Ancients! We flialJnow proceed ca 
lay before. ourTlfeiders a very brief Ejpitomc of wku; 
foHows therein/ xx)ricerning liici^^ bcgm* 

ping with the Vritks. Cf thefe bur Author cdntmcs 
himielf wit|i^ faying very little hert, beotafe he has bad 
Occafioo to treat jptrgely of ibrraFof th?in anddftbbtr 
Writings in the'fbrmerVcaurt^esdf Ifis Grecian HBfteny. 

Herodotus fstKe fifft tocihtioiiedi Hi n^of 
Halkarnafusj a City of Carid. ^Hia Birth happen- 
ed four Years before the IJcfcent of Xerxes ' upon 
Gmce^ A. ik, 352a He cdmpofed his Hiftpry 
in the Tonic Dtaleft..'It coAfiilts^ ^^pi^e Books* 
He begins it at Cyruiy 2tcc6rdiog to hkn the firft 
JStngoi Perfia^ ^nd COTtiriucff it lei the B4ttte*of 
Mfcak, fought inthffiightlr Yearofr'JSrx^^^whiph 
includes an hundrid Jin<l*tiwcfflty'ycat5f,. wider four 
KJitgs of Perjidj 'Cyrus^ Camby/i^^ .'Difrites^ ai>d 
Xerxes^ fromfthe Year of* tKc WoHd 3405 to J5t4» 
Befides the Hlftorjf of the Gmks and Perfians^ 
which are his principal SbbjeftS, he treats that ot 
fcveral.oth^r Natiorfs. ThatbftheBj5;)?/li#.«j; takes, 
up his fccond Book. *,—-:- The Lffef ot Hoiiitr^'^- 
Icribed to him, is:not bdfeved toi)e his. 

^^^i&/«i,iii order xtf rrtake bhtifclf knbwivto 
at) (Greece di.t pne'and the &meTin(ie» ch0fetO|nake> 
his Appearani^e v^eh ftwai affi:bbK^^ Ohffn^ 

pic Gari^/ anji rektl.i^i^ Hiffdry' there, iiiWeh \^ 
received With cx^fedln|if Alpolauftj'r Tftt^^Siylc^in 
which it is wrot^ Tefcmed ibi^m, awl^ffowlhgi'^ 
\the AiKiiinfce tfioufeht theV^'lieard the Miifts t»^- 

Digitized by 


Art. 8. -Fer A U G U 8 T, 1740. 105 

ielves ; and tiiat^ • from thenc^itb, occafioned the 
Names of the Mufes to dc given to the nine JSooks 
into whickicjs dirided ^^ . * 

It appears, tt^a he gave a particular Reading of 
his Work to the City of Jlheris^ at the celebrated 
^ft ^ the Panat^cnaa. -— It is believed tphave 

; bosa. rather at this Affimb);/ than, at the Olydpic 
Gamcs^ xh^^butjdidfs^ then very young, pcrn^ps 
about fifteen, was fo mu(:h affe^d with the Beauty 
of this Hiftoiy, that he was feized with a kind of 
Tranlpon ana Enthwfiaftni and feed Tears of Joy 
in , abundance. Hfr^^a/i^x perceiving it, compli* 
mented his Father Ohrus thereupon, as an early In* 
dio^^i^nc^ his extraordinary Taite for polite Ltarn* 
ing^ aad a probable Token of his being one Day 
the Honour of Greece^ 
After feme other Particulars relating to Hero Jo- 

. iUf^-.lA. Rol&n proceeds to TiiucrDiDES, whofe 
Jiirtlj he places in the 77th Olympiad, A, M. 
:?53S« ^^ Defccnt, as he has traced it, was very 

. ilfifftrt^us* He i!ludied Rhetoric under Jntifbon^ 
and Pbilafofby under Jnaxagoras. As he had a vio- 
Jient Indination for Study^ he declined mediing 

; with publi<;k Affairs^ and only took care to form 
,bimfdf jn the military Exercite^'ttiat fuited a young 
Maa of his Birth. He was employed in the Army, 

, 4uid piadc Ibmc Cjunp^igps. At the Age of Twcn- 
tj'fevenhc was concerned in conducing and fettling 
a new Colgny x>f 4^ifmans at iburium. This em- 
ployed him three or four Tears, when he returned 
to J^kH^s^ ' and onarried a great Fortune. 
, SoiDC time afi»r> A. M> 3573^ the Peloponnefi- 
^ War bi'oke quc,^ and caufcd g;reat Troubles arid 
Revab([)ons in Qreo£jei\ tbucydides from the very 
*rfl rofoiytd to witethe Hiftoi^ of it ; for which 
Purpoife be applied hunielfy withanalmoftunexem* 
3j^ Diligeocc and 5uccef?>. to procure the moft 
faithful A^ounts^ ^nd to be informed in the mod 


Digitized by 


minute Circumftances. Of all that pa0ed. on both 
Sides in every JExpedition and Campaign. 

As he ferved in the TrooMof ^fbensp he was an 
Eyc-witneft of what paffed m the Army of the jftbc- 
niansy till the eighth Year oflthac War, when he wa§ 
baniftcd for having* fajfed, thro* want of Expcd^tioc^ 
as he was accufed, of relieving jfinphipoUs upon th.e 
Frontiers of T&Mff, fa Town of ^reatjftiportance to 
both die ^nteqdihg Parties,') and iufifering the La- 
udemonmns to take it. His ExHe lafted tweiity. 
Yeiirs,' during 'aU whibh be laid l^imfelf put with 
greater Induftry than ever, in coHeftlng the Mate- 
rial of his intendcfd Hiftory..i-—JJe Was at length, 
permitted torettim hofrtc, at the^ Age df Sixty- 
eight. It was not till then, according to Mr. hoid^ 
'mil's Computation, in which Mr. Rmin acquiefceSj 
that he aftually fet himfelf to the' CbmboCcion'ot 
thia immortal Work. His Subjeft, a^ al<"^ady pb^ 
ferved, was thefemous Peimi^/an^.^t^ whic^ 
laftfed twcnty^fevcn Years. He carried it down no 
farther thin to the End of the twcnty-fifft /iThp 
fix which remained werd fu^plfcd by T'A/i/^^w^i^^jr 
MdXemopbon. He ufed the j^tric Dialed ih His H^-t 
ftary, as the- puttfft, and'mofl: elegartt^'and at the 
iametime the moft nef vous and emphal|tcal:"BeIidcs 
which, it was the Idiom ot^/iJrif;^r hisCoiintry. 'He 
fells us hfmfelf, that in writing iti bis Vievif; wa$ 
not to pleafe, but to inftruft his Readers/ Hfe Ai^ 
vides if regularly by Years and' Catttpalgris. \\ 

Our Author has extrafted from a Lettet' of 1>/V 
wy^as Halicarnaffeks to Ppntpiy tVkQreatj 2l Comr 
parifon between Herodotus t^na Tbutydidie's^ as wel) 
in refpcft of their Hiftbries, as the Styie th^y ufe. 
However, he hints, as if Vionyj^us. being tien^o- 
/a/'s Countryman; was fomewj^t partial ii^ ^Ij^is Far 
vou«». The Subftance Of this Cbmba tijiay )^ 

reduced into > a narrower Com'piafs 'than Mr, Roilin 
has allowed it,' I (hall mention the Topicks oo 
«*.hich he has expatiated. i. fy$tb 

Digitized by 


Art. 8. For AV O XJ S % ifi^.b. ifa^ 

I. ff^ttb regard tp the Matkr^of HiJJory. 

The firft Duty of ah Hiftorian i^ to nuke choicer 
of a Subjeft great, nobjc, and aflfefting. r~ Hero^ 
dotus indifputably pccclU ihucydid^ in this Ppinc, 
NptHing can l?c. more ^jgtc^f bljp i^nJ affeding than 
the SubjcA he has chofen, Jt is ^I| Qreecfy jealous 
in the highcft Degree pC her Liberty, a^ttacked by 
the moft .formidable Pofr^r of tHe^UniveKc^ which, 
V^ith innumerabjc forces,, undert^lflcs to c/ufli and 
reduce her into Slavery. It is nothing but repeated 
Vidories, by Sea and Land^ gained over the Per- 
Jianf by the Greeh^ who, bc(judc» the grcatcft Emi- 
nenOB ip pioral Virtues, Ibew all the Valour, Pru- 
dence, , and mil i|giry AWijics, that can be expeSed 
frotp the ixlofi cof^jiupmate Qip^ajn^. Jn finp, thii 
War,, jTo lonig afiq terribie^ in wnich all ^ffia en- 
gages ag^i(>fLthe little Country of Gr<f «:, and Icenw 
to make the tot^I JDeftrudion of it ineyitabk, ter- 
n)ii»afes.with,tljCj,vttcr ihanicfiil Defeat of Xirxes^ 
the |T)oft*^po.wcji;ful iwingof the Earth, and extin- 
^uiflics^ *^r;' ever, in the Vtrftons all Thoughts ot 
?r^ounrerin'gt)je Gfir^iti a,ny more with open Force. 
. .., ^e feq npthing of this Nature in Thucydides. He 
^Dhncs hiinfelf to a finglc War, unjuft in its Prin* 
cip]e,"yci7y Various in its Events;,, and inglorious to 
the A^entans in .its'$uccefs. It is Greece poflTcned 
by the Spirit of .Difcord, and embrcwing her 
Hapds Jn. her owo. Blood. A Scene, of Horror-, 
(Greeks flaughterjng GrieMs^ plundering of- Cui^ 
Earthquak:esj Droughts, Famine, Difcafcs, Plagues, 
Pfftilencci'j ip ^a vVor^ the mpft dreadful Cala- 
rpiticsl^*' .' ^ ,7 ^ • • 

Sudi is the firft,K^cfijk)n of Dmy/ms \ which, 
|{|r/j^///»jvcry juftiy remarks, does.not at all affcft 
tlMj|i^c+i.t of the Writer., The Chojce of the Maj:- 
tw (ipcs not (Jcpenci upon an Author cotemporacy 


Digitized by 


loB the l^dRks ^ l*^LfeARNii>: Art &• 

with hisSal:^cdi, who is not Nfafter of his Events^ 
and who neither' cao, .nor x>ught co wriu^ any thing 
but wh^ happens, -t-^— We have no Rigiitto re- 
quire tOxf Tinng of iiim, but thttt^ht flioold bfc tnie^ 
judidous, ^nd tmpirdaL . 

.SBcondfy^ ItAk of IiAportaiQce fob a Writer td. 
chtrfe {xt^pcr^PjpMitsv from^ obt, and 

where to flop thei Carreer t£ Ais Hiftoiy^ And in 
thit HirtMloiM5hzs.tdrjn^^ He be* 

gins Mrkb (jie^Caufe of the P^Jkait declaring Waf 
zgfmA Grafrr'.'^Whkh istfae Defire of revenging 
on the lattlsr^ the Dcflaudtioo of Troyj above two 
hundred Years bisfare v which City was at that«time 
in AHiante vnxk' Perj/Sa^ A$ for ^[tbiteydiJeSy te" 
begins his H){lbr|e with defciibiDg the! uahafxpyji-* 
tuation of the A^iris (^.the GhdUi^ that crme ^ a - 
iiril Profpea tittle agreeable m affedting. He im^ ^ 
putes this Wasting Athens \ thp' be might havt^^^ 
tribed it to a the ' Etiyy of Sp^trai, piqwsi U the ^ 
Glory of thr^ir^jmiTiii acquirfd in their CooBidb^^ 
\9ith Perjia. .0 .v.., 

Tbia.fecdnd tte&aibtt^iof iWiM^ 
fius pleaies Mr. .Aoitfn ftili Ids than tiiefoi!aier^> Ms 
ihinks Tbut^idts Mob ri^dn afctibiag Uve Wart<&' 
ihe boundlels Ambition, of' the ^tBinia^sj-^ ^ud apll 
^laods itaaa.Bdb]fr]£Yidence}«f iiis Itepardajityy 

fbirdly^ fltradotur^ whu^koew that a Jong Rda^' 
tion of the faide Matter^ how agreesbld fotvdk ih' 
ics own Namre, wOuM becoi^e diiguftfuly ^hi^va^ 
riad his WorJc^ ati»r the mannfer ^of thmny bjr Epi*^' 
fodes and tHgreffioms, which add ^nuch tx> ita^Bcaii- - 
ty ahd-theiReader^s Pleafijre: 

S^^tlidej^ ' on the corttyaryi^ is ^ always iiniform« 
andpurfiKshisiSubjod'wishoot^n^ heaf:^: 

ing up Battles on Batdes, Preparations on PreparatF 
ons. Harangues upon Harangues ; parcelling out 
Afidoptf by Campaigns, which might have been 
Ihewn in all their Extent with more Grace and Per^ 
fpicuity. Mr;. 

Digitized by 


Art. 8-. iV A U C U S T, 1^40. 109 

Mr. R§Uin &y^ Di^nffius fcems .here not to ac- 
tMd fufficieadf co the Lasn^ot Biftcmjr^ from 
which a Writer ought' oej^cr ta deviaat, withodt the 
juftcft Rcafoo. One of thele k, itfaairaii Hiftoriaa 
ihould hardly ever lofe Sight of 1 liis 5id]9e£t This 
was the ^OtniA\j£t'6i St\tmcfifides : Whereas many 
hhoAt, fIercd$tus\iot^\a% Joi^^aftid frequent JDigrafi^ 
DOS. . However^ d^ Author docs noo cntireiy givi* 
ineodiisCenfisre; teing they imiftnHaaie beettVery 
agreeable to the Gwhi at al TimewheadieHtAo^ 
tf of thofedifTermtnhlatioBSy of i^hkbNthey craiCf 
^«as/&ttini]rttilItnDwn 110 theitk. ' (' . ' 

RuMff^firnqfiidis inferts noldiiiig^fiibuloQttn 
bit.'Wock^jKi^r aims at cmbeUiffadiig it by Fads 
b^ jfa^qf^MFeUtniS^^kkiii ;^ noir doep' he^ upoa every 
OcQtMn; insrodiiervtbd oekftial .Fbwcta adiDg by 
Dfuooit^ Q^bV^asK] Fnxligies^ In tbit^ %t 
U^RaUki^hcih kkfifputahly prdbabie ro hkr^tbi- 
/«qi:«hoJiaa:npt.iawjft a Regahl to Truth in his 
lldafiooa^ add betmya;.m^ imny liiftances an \aat^ 
Cui&bJe Weakneis and Superftitioiu 

: fi^in!^^^^^ GkNxnl- 

ndiAQf.Charafter^'/aBd'.ai natural) RoQ£^ne& oi 
Xem^W, .wfagji bis ^BoniiliflReat had eBafperaiied 
Hqidvslis,upon<(the^Fadits ani Errors o^ his Fer<^ 
fona^fl^E^iawiiif ihc^fonietkn^ ncUes their good Qoa^ * 
litidb at(Bli6uffiC^£b^v/h0 iwM to do it .with vsgret. 
Mr.i&0/fioii findsjigithiiigi ^df this Dii|)ofitioo ia. 
72HMrj«iuf€^ijt£]^>^rcoare^ hb Matter 

y^n(3b4d and ntelanrinilyy. burnotthe Hiftori^«»^ 
Z)«iQ^id€&eraB^'a jaiTftofitio^ Ihf^Qlt^ qoiU 
different from th^t which bit aft^ibes' w hiso^pbfice^ 
^^-a goodvNatQre: always equal, wkb<aneztieA)^ 
Seq||ftb8ityrlQrtlift]gopdand ba^ 
tqr?£ii»q.tiS .-. '•..'» 'i ,:' ■ ^ ' .-■' o ■• 

Digitized by 


no 7i5tf Works of the Leahihed. Art. 8. 

Another, Psint on i»bi€b the CbaraSers of our Hi- 
ftorians turny is that of Elocution'. 

In refpeft to this, leveral Thin^ may be cdnfi* 
dcrpd. Firfi^ Purity, Propriety, and Elegance of 
Lai^age. Tbefe Qualities are common to bdth 
thcfc Wrijcrs, who equally excelled in them. Se^ 
iondlyy Diffufion or brevity of Style. Thefe parti- 
cularly diftipgoiih and charadterize them. The ' 
Style of H4ro4otm is fweet, flowing, and more dif- 
fufe ; that of fbue^diiesy lively, concife, and ve* 
hemeitf. — Thisclofe (and in a manner) abrupt 
* Style i« wondeHuUy proper for givihg Strength ancl 
JEnetgy to a Difcoiirfe, but is generally attended 
wht|k abuodftnce of Obfcurky. And this is thti 
Cafe ^h IbucydidtSy efpecially in his Harangue^ 
. whioli in many Places ate almoft unintelligible. Sib 
that the reading of him requires an uninterrbpted 
Attention, and become^ a feridus Study. 

Mr« i^tf/Zmdofes this Article with the Charadei^ 
^uimiliM has drawn of ilidfe Hiftoriiins, which 
we nmf very well pafs over^^fter what has been hett 
. faid Af themi 

XBNOFHOKisthe next of the Anciefits 
whom Mr.!/{«//i>i gives an Account of.' t)e tells 
. us, he was bom at Jthens in the third Year of 
the Sad Olympiad, and that he was a grestt Phi- 
lofopber, Hiftdrian, and General He barely men- 
tions his Expedition under Cj^rtrj, his celebrated 
Reteeac, ^nd his fobfequent Employnient in the 
Troops of S^r/d. This illoftt-ious Commander 
retired afterwards to Scyllontay where the Lacedtt-- 
moniant had given him Lands near the City of 
Elis. \ > . • 

He was Aot idle, as Mr. RoltinfsfSy in bis So(i- 
tudei Me took Advantage of the Leifure it af- 

• -^ ^— • fai-dfed 

Digitized by 


Art. 1 For AXJ G li S T, 1740^ ii'i' 

forded him to compofe his Hiftorics. , He begari 
with f^%.£yrop0diai which is the; Mi^ry of Cyius^ 
ffie Great in «ight Books/. It was f<jlllow^d by that 
of Cyrus the younger^ which includes the famous 
Retfeaitiibove-'iBentioned, in feven'BbdksV He then 
wrote t^Qftdan HySmfiti fevenfBbdks Kkewife, - 
beginning: where TA«C^^ lefcMblf. '• *lfc alfo com* • 
pofed*, fevcrri: particular TnaJfts iij>dn hiftorical. * 
Subje€ls^ ,. His Styfei-^ui^aer. *an A* ttf Simplicity 
andbnaturah S weetoe^' conceals ininfiii^e Graces, t ' 

• Gi*^«*3^a[ 00w appiirfe -He was !«ii ^Qki^s^ andi 
X<?«iSi>^(?;i?^Cofem^aryv '»He;praftiftd Phyfickkt ' 
theiCetflt oijBerfia 'for feVei'al Yea#s with g^^cat '^ 
Suqoefs. ;- He. wrote »tjic- -Htfiory of i^AJfyriar^ ^ 
and; P^rjidns jft* iwei^y-thrcd Bddks.- «iThe,filc fii-ft • 
trea$a^ ^^ tl^rj^tidn AfiairS'lio the FoanaatidB of '^ 
the ^^^4ji*JEmp&etrFrain riife fevtoih' lo the thiri * 
teeneb inclyfiyrfy, heii-datcdarlai^e/tfis^Rdlgrts of '^ 
Qy^H'P^fff^h i^M^^*yQariniy knd Xitt^fis. He. , 
continued the Hii!boi'yof^t&e«fVf/f^»jr*'dt>Wn «> the 
Air4- 'Yipai: . of rfie j$^h €Myn^iacI.' ; He c©ntradi<5ts 
/fer/d^4i/^ alojoft ift Itcrf<^hittg/i«i4-. often diffei% 
J^onj^*^<?fl«!»4^|fe J?A^thfe'^fernedrne he is regardocf- - 
by all the Learned as a Writer entirely unworthy of • 
Gre4fl> ihoderi^ $kuU$s^ tragus Pvmpeimy, and: 
fome;^h|$'(, hive^y^ cbbfeii to follow him raSther ' 
thai^/Af^^/Ati^ and even than Xmofhon. Thiey 
were: djpoeayed, Mr> R^lin thtnks, by the 'Affu- 
rtnce. . sff^k yfii ich he affirms,^ that he ad vanced :no-/ ' 
thing iA.his WritiogjSj, of which he W3$ npt un:: • 
Eye%witi>cfs, or had -liefi ihftrudcd by tliC'Ferfon&' ' * 
concerned, or had cxtrad:ed it Out of the ForfiaH ^ 
Archieica, > v. - , • • ^ ' * ^' * 

Pl^Lvi^ivs k next upon ioilr Liift:. Me ^m^^xAj ^^ 
Msgahpolis^ a City of Peloponnifus in Arcadia. He 'i 
ifras Ij^^aiooat jhe Yesir of Sbme ^48. He. wajsj.- 
educ^dfJi)^^^l> the Children of hi$ISbitkxn,jbthc- -^ 
Wghpft Veneration of the Deity ; in which he per-^ 

r fevered 

Digitized by 


112 The WoRK$ offbe L^arnbb. Art. f. 

fevered virith fo much Conftancy during his whole 
Life^ that few prophane Authors have thought 
more religioufly, or fpoke with more Dignity of 
God, than he has done. 

. Ly^rfes his Father, a profound Statefman, was 

JiisMafter in Politicks, as PhiUpwrnetiy one of the 

greateft and moft intrepid Captains of the Ancients, 

was in War. The Romans^ after the Defeat of Per^ 

feMsth/^ laft Kiogof Macedon^ A. M. 3^857, in or- 

^ dei^ to puoifti fuch oi th^ Jchaans^ as had been 

''Iwarmeft in fupporting the Jchaan League, and had 

^ fccmed moft averfe to their Iritercfts, carried away 

a thoufand pf them to R(me\ of which Number 

* was Polybias. During his Stay there, the greateft 

Perfons of that City delighted in his Acquaintance, 

and among his moft intimace Friends we may reckon 

J0. FabiuSy and the younger Scipio. Charmed with 

his great Qualirics, ' they prevailed with t\^Pratitr^ 

that he fhould not leave Rome with the »cft of his 

^^ Coantrymen when they were difmilfed. 

JLc is ^evident, ths^t be compofed the greateft Part 
; 6f his Hiftory, or at kaft coUeded Maticiials for 
' It, here. For where, as our Author notes, could 
he be better. informed of the Events which had paf- 
' fed, either during th© whole Cotirjfe of the fecond 
^ Punick W^r, than in the Houfc of the Scipio*s j or 
during the Campaigns againft Pfryftf/, than in that 
'" of 'P'aulus }Emi/ius f The fame may be faid in rc- 
fpcdt tO' all foreign Affitirs, which occurred either 
" whilft he was- at Rome or accompanied Scipi9. . 
When ihe. 4cbaaffi ivere permitted to ret\iri» 
hoflpe, reduced to th^ Number only of three hun-, 
drcdyPofyiius either ftald behind at/?o«rtf,-orfliortly 
' dame 'back to hii b!elo?ved ScipiOy feeing be Vis cer- 
tainly v;itb him three Years ^fter at the Sie^ of C^r- 
tbage/ Th is Expedition beteg p ver, fee^ made ' fomc 
" Vo7agfes ilpon account pf the Hiftory he iiad in 
view. But how great was his Grief, foys Mr. ^£>//i>f, 


Digitized by 


Art. -?. J«f^ A y G U 8 T, 1740. >! 13 
when vi^uog Pelofonnejus^ he ^w Cmnth laid in' 
Aihes, and his dear Country. reduced iniQ^ Province 
pf the jR^vr^n Empire, |f any thi(\g (;o\\ld gon- 
fole him p fq mQurnful a Coixjunftur^, it was the 
Opportunity his Credit with the Rmaps gave hinx 
ot obtainii^ foq^ Miti^lions oif thefe publick 

After having rendered his Cpuoiry n[iaiiy Services, 
he returned to ScipiQ 4t ttmn^ frQtn whence he fol- 
lowed him to Numanti^i at (he Siege of which he^ 
l¥as prefent. Wh^n Sdfio was put fo death by the 
taftiop of the Gracchi^ he retired into Qreece i 
where he liv^d fi? Yc^u^ enjoy ii^ tlje Efteem, 
Qratitude^ and Affc^ion of Hi» dear Fellow^citizens^ 
i^ died ^t the qf fourfcore and twp, biy 4 
Fallfrom hisHorfc. 

His principal Works, . 49 Mr. JhfUn t^ljs us, are, 
tjie Life of Philt^tn^s a Tre^^fe iipon the 7^^- 
tics \ the I^iitory of the J^unf4ntian W^rj a,nd his 
Univerfal HiCkory, This laft op)y remains, s^nd 
t^t very inoperfe^. Polybius hUnfelf calls it univer* 
fal'Hiftory, no? ip rcfp^ of Ti^VSi^ butofpl^^es, 
a^ containing the Account qf what pafled in phe 
known World during the Space of fifty-three Y^ars, 
n^iZf from the Beginning, of the./ecpnd pMhick 
War„ to the Reduftion pf the ICingdon? of Mace- 
donia into a Prpvinq^ pf the Romap Empirq. 

No.fiii^orypr^fents u% in Ip ftort a Space of. 
. Tindc^ with fo great aDiverfiiy qf Events, all of 

them.decifiy?, and. pf the l^ft Iqaporfa^ca » 

T^e JJijlpriim comppfed . of thejp thirtyreighc 
, Hook^t m the, jpro^? of ifvhich be hiad placed, two, 
by ,^ay of. Introdu(3:io?i to the pthcTs, and pf Conti- 
nuation to the Hiftpry pf fiti^aus^ The whole 
coijii5ij^d[jthiey.efore of forty Boo^, of,whj^:h ]we 
.have- pply. the five firft ^S. P(>/^>«i{left thcq, an4 
''l^f^q^Ats^.^eUflcies. coofidergble enough*, of ^h?. 

A ^1-' ■ • •'- ^ .. ;; twelve 

Digitized by 


I f4 The Works of the LEAllifED. Art. 8* 

twelve that follow, with the Etnbaffies^ and Exam-- 
pies of Virtue and Fice^ 

Mr* Rdtm reflefts with the deepeft Concern ott 
Ac Misfortune 4« World has fuftained by the Lofs- 
oi io great a ^art of this invaluable Hiftory^ which 
not only contained a Number of the moft illuftrioua 
Trania^tionS)^ but abounded with moft excellent 
Maxims of Policy, and the folid Refleftions of a 
IS^ap, who, wi(h a natural Paflion fpr publick Good^ 
had mad^ it his whole Study. 
^ HisDigreffions have been often condemned. Our 
Author owns they are long and frequent ; but then, 
i9i9 fays, they at^uiid with fuch curious Fads, and 
ttfefoi Docupnents,' that we ought not' only to pardon 
h)m/ that Fault, if it be one, but think ourfelves 
obliged to him. for it» 

f Bionyfius of Halicarnajfas flatly tejls us, that no 
jPaticnee can endure the fcrufai of this Writer 5 
m4 his Rea&n is, the Inelegance, of hk Didion : 
^at is, lays Mr^ Rolling his Hiftory has not fuch 
jt-PMqd^ 'flowing, numerous Periods, as he himfelf 
ufes 5 which in Hiftory would have been a Fault 
ratJierthan a Beaufy : So injudicious hDionyJius in 
thisXenfure;. . We proceed to - 

J^iODC^R'US SicuLu$. He lived, in the Timesi 
0f^ Jufiuj C^Jur and jfugu/ius. His Miftorical Li- 
4^^.<pntains fhc Hiftory of almoft all the Kati- 
es of the World, wz. Egyptians^ AffyrianSy 
^MMe^ P^rftans^ Greeks ^ Romans ^ Carthaginians^ 
ifcod .fcvierpi' others. It confifte4 of forty Books. 
Of .tiiefepnly iifteel^ remain, with fome Fragments, 
t^ieft.of theip.preferved ,by I^botiuSj and the Ex- 
4iPa^^)0f iQ^i^§^tine Pfirpbyrogenitus. The five fifft 
follow each other in their arder. 
'..'Ii) j^fivft, jI)/V^ir«^ ^^^ of, the iCH'igin of the 
)^qri4>' #»li:^^ rela^QS .^P- *^^' Iff the . 

Digitized by 


Art 8* For AU G U ST, 1740. 115 

Sardanapalus $ of the Medes, Indians^ Scythians, 
and Arabians. In the third , of the JEtbiopians and 
Libyans. In the fourth, of the fabulous Hiftory OiP 
the Greeks. In the fifth, of the fabulous I^iftorf 
of Sicily i and the other Iflands. . ', 

The fixth, feventh, eighth, ninth and tenth Bbokk 
are loft. — ^^ 

The fallowing feven, front the eleventh to th(S 
fcventeenth inclufively, contain the Hiftory oPmnfe^ 
ty Years, from the Expedition oiXeriiesiutQ Greece 
to the Death of Alexander the Great. '--^ "^ 

The three fucceeding, -y/z. the eighteenth, nin*i 
teenth, and twentieth, treat of the Difputei artd Wafet 
t)f ^/^;tf^;?rf^r*sSucceflbrs, down to the Difpofitiort of 
the two Arhiies for the Battle of IJfus.'' 

In thefclaft ten Books, which- properly include 
the continued Hiftory of the Perfiahs^ Greeks^ and 
Macedonians, Diodorus introduces alio the Hiftory 
of other Nations, andln particular that of ihtkt- 
mans, according as its Events cdticur with his'firki- 
cipalSubjeft. ^ ^ ^ 

He employed thirty Years -in compefing this . 
Hiftory; for the perfeding of wMch he ran-oy^r^ 
not without frequent Dangers, ih^y Pwviftces of 
Europe atrd Aft a, to infbrm himfelf fuHy in tht Si* 
tuation'of the Cities and other Pldcesf trf which We 
was to treat. c .' j > . , 

HFsStyle is neither 'elegant nor 'floi*idi batfM- 
, ^le, clear, and intelligible: That'Sirii^lteky hft 
■however nothing low ortifTagreeaWe irt it* He -is 
fparingof Harangues^ yet' he hasi rcte«cd thofe Of 
two Orators, which are long artd^^tff ftnei 'ef{)ecS^ 
ally the firft. ^ • ^^ ; . : »>;i.f> :. /, 

^' /Ktiflid^liis Chrondbgy,' *h6r 'the«^'NatW:^€kher 
(Sf Afc Atbb^miAAibAirx>x <>? thcfCotflftils and im- 
\\i^\ik\m^%^^R(m^^^ wHiite maSy fifrWs 
jiav^^ept, are to be relied on. 

I 3 He 

Digitized by 


ii6 73&^ WoRkso^fif Learned. Art. 8. 

He h^s many judicious Rcflcftions, and fecms to 
be of a religious Difpofitbh, ifcrfbing all impor- 
tant Events to *the Divine Wifdom and Provi- 
dence prcfiding over them. We cortie now to 

DioNYsius Halicarnasseus. He lyas a 
Native of HaluarmJfuSy a City of Carta in JJia 
Miner. He arrived in Italy about the Middle of 
the 187th Olympiad, at the Conclufion of the War 
between Augufius C^far and Mark Antony. He 
remained twenty-two Years at RomB^ which he cm- 
ployed in attaining the Latin Tongue with great 
cxadnefs, in Rudying the Literature and Writings 
of the Romans^, and incolledinjgfortheWork he had 
in view : For that feems to have been the Motive o^ 
his going thitlier. In order to fucceed the better in bis 
Defign, he contradcd a great Intimacy witK all the 
moft learned Perfonsof Rome. To their Informations^ 
he add^d adofe Application to the Study of the Ro- 
man Hiflorians in greateft Efteemi, as Cato^ FaHius 
Bidor^ f^alerius AntiaSi and LicifHUs Mdcer. When 
he believed himfelf fufficiently informed in all that 
was neceffary to the Execution 6t his Projecl, h? 
applied himfelf thereto. He entitled his Wofkj 
"The Roman Antiquities^ becaufc, in writing the iZo- 
man Hiftory, he traces it hack to its Origin.. His 
Account comes down to the firft Punick Waf , at 
which Period he ftoppea, perhaps, becaufc his main 
View was to dear up the riiore obfcure Part of the 
Roman Stpry : For, from the firft Punick War, it 
^had been wrote by cotemporary Authors that were 
in every Body's mnds. 

Of the: tyeoty Books, that compofe \ii%, Anti- 
quitieSy^^ l^ve only the ^rft eleven^ which come no 
lower than' the 31 2th Y^ar from the Foundation of 
Rome. The nine ,iaft, which contained all that 
happened t^olthe 488th, according to Cato^ and the 
490th, according to Farro^ are pcriflicd. We 


.Digitized by 


Art.8. F&r AUGUST, 1740* 11; 

have alfo Ibme Fragments of his upon the Subjcd 
of Embaflies, which are only detached and very 
imperfea Pieces. The two Heads> as Mr,Rilin 
fays, of Conftantine Porphyrpgenitus which remairi, 
havealfaprefervcd fcveral Fragments of this Author. 

All Writers, who have fpoken with any Judg- 
ment of him, praife his Facih'ty ot Genius, 
profound Erudition, cxaft Difcernment, and ja* 
-dicious Criticifm. He was verfcd in all the libe- 
ral Arts and Sciences, a good Philosopher, a wife 
Politician, and an excellent Rhetorician. He has 
drawn himfclf in his Work. We fee him there a 
Friend of Truth, remote from all Prejudice, tern* 
perate, zealous tor Religion, and a declared Ene- 
my of the Impiety which denies Prbvidcnce. 

He docs not content himfelf with relating the Wars; 
abroad 5 but delcribes with equal Care thofc Tranf-' 
aftions of Peace, that conduce to the Order, Tran- 
xjuillity, and Profpcrity of the Common-weal. He' 
Goes not tire his Readers with tedious Narrations. 
If he deviates into Digreffions, it is always to in- 
ftruft us in fomething new and agreeable. He 
mingles hie Relations with moral an^ political Rt- 
fleftions, whk:h are the principal Advahtages of 
ftudying Hiftory. He trcatS his Subjeft witk far 
ipore Copioufnefs than Livy. 

What we have left of him, very happily fup- 
plies the DtficienClei of the other Latin Hiftorians. 
He is the only one that has giveh us the perfeft 
Knowledge of the Romans^ and has tranfmitted to 
jPoftcrity a circumftantial Account of thdir Geremo- 
hics^ Worlbip, Sacrifices, Manners', Cuftolhs, Dif- 
cipline. Triumphs, £7^«5w'r/^ Or Alfemblies, Cenfus 
or the I^Tumbering,' Aifeffing, anrf Diftributiori of 
the People 'into Tribes and Clafles. We are in- 
^cbted ro him for tHd Laws' of /l^w^/«j, Numa, 
afld Servim Tuflius^ ind fOr many Thmgs of itfhe 
/ ' I 4 like 

Digitized by 


ii8 31&? Works o/^Af Learned. Art. .8. 

Jike Nature. , His Style is weak, prolix, and Jan- 

^ The pext C^aradlers are thofe of Philo, Api- 
ON, and Jos^PHus. The firft was a Jew of ^- 
Uxandria^ of lacerdotal and illuftrious Defcent. His 
Deputation to CaUgula is well known. He waSr 
rcmarkabil? fpr h^ Leaping, and efpecially in the 
plaionick rhilofophy, Befide many other Works, 
Jie^wrojte the Sufferings of his jPeopIe under the 
*bove me^yoned Efnperor, in five Books; the two 
firft .ojr whicji » only have been prefer ved, 

ApjON.wasJborn at Oajis^ m the moft remote 

. part of Egy^t. lie obtained the Freedom olAlex-^ 

andria^ and was at the Head of tbofe whom that 

City fcntJto G^lfgulay with a Complaint againft the 

^e^ijb inhabitants/ — - He was a Man of great 

JEruditipb, and perfeftly yerfcd^ in the Grecian Hi- 

ftory, but y cry, coned tedj of his own ^erit. — 1- 

. IJis Accouipt oif Egypt contained almoft every 

;Thing t^at was memorable in ^Jwt famous Country. 

He had the/utrhoft Conternpt and Abhorrence of 

.the HphewSy . of whom he induftrioufly collefted 

and pubjiflicd all kinds of Calnmny. ^ ^ -' 

JosBPHus was of JerufaUm^ of the facerdotaj 
Jiace, fie was boro in the firft Y tdir of Caligula. 
At the Age of fourteen he wa§ fo well inftrudle^, 
that even the Pontiffs confijlted him concerning the 
Law, i;Ie was. of the Seft of the Phasrifees, At 
.the Age of i^ijneteen he began to have a Share., jn 
the publicik^Adminiftratipn., His Valour and Con- 
dutSt in military Affairs were not inferior to his A-, 
bility for ,^hofe of th? State. . Mr. Rollin juft men- 
tions fome Particular^ of .hi§ Life. The^.Sum pf 
wl^^t he fajys cpnce^ning ^ini as a Writer is, That 
he mpfl: prpbabjy Jearjap the Greek Tongue, nft^ " 
the t^ikxi^^ pt y^^tapbatjznd whcn^ he iaw ^bimfe)f 
obligc^.jto Ijve with the .iJ^w^^i*. . That he eita- 
' ':':-"'■-,;" 'J :/■■'• '.':: 'V'-'..-:- ".. ployed 

Digitized by 


j^^.^. ^or A U ,G U,S T, 174P. Jiq 

ployed the Leifure he enjoyed at Rome in writing 
the Hiftory of the Jewijh Wars froni the Materkis 
Jic had betoi*e prepared. He conipbfed it. firft in his 
own Lajiguage/ which was almpft t^e fame as t^ie 
'Syriac' He afterwards tranQated it into 'GrHky 
that it might be uriderft6od throughout the Empire. 
^Heprofefles relating wlih entire Vcfacity all' t;l)ac 
paffed in - that. War. ' i^s fopri .^as he had jBnilhfd 
-the Greek Verfion^ h? preicntec} jc lo Vefpaftan iiiid 
Titus 9 who were extremely pleafe3 with it. Thp 
latter not only ordered it tobepublifhedVand placed 
it in a Library open to every Body ; but figned the 
Copy depofitcd theVe with his own f|and to fignify, 
his Approbation of its Authenticity. . ., 

Mr.RoHtnYi^ given us a Charader,of this Hi- 
ftoriati from Pf)dtius 2ind Jerom. This latter ftiies 
'him thc'L/iy of tht Greeh^^ p,hkius fays his Hi- 
ftory is agreeable, fublime, and majeftick, without 
-any culpable Excefs of thofe Qualities. That.iris 
jhvely and^ animated, abounding with "that Elo- 
quence, 'which cither excites or calms the Jpaffions 
of -the Soul at Pleafure ; thaf it is fraug{it with e5c- 
cellent Maxims of Morality 5 that the jOracioris are 
'delicate and perfuafive ; and that, whei\ it is necel- 
Tary to fuppbrt the Opinions of the oppofi^c Parties, 
it is furprifmgly fruitful of ingenious and plaufib)c^ 
iieafonings on both Sides. * 
' A^tohisjewijb JfitiquitkSf iii twenty Books, lie 
. compleated them, Mr. Rollm iays,.in the. Year of 
Chrift 93. It appears that he infcribed them to 
Epaphndittis^ a carious and learned Perfoh, Who 
is believed to be the celebrated' Freed rqan of Nero^ 
that Domitian put to death, ji. D. ^^^' ^ . 

He profefles in this Wo>k an exa<5f Gonforniity 
to the faCred Writings. But Mr..jR<?///i Ccnfures 
Kim for inferting Fafts which ard not bi fhe liicred 
Omcles, retrenching many others, arid difguifing 
fomc' in a manner that divcfts them of the miraci^- 
' -' y — '• « '" igus 

Digitized by 


i20 Tie Works ^fbe Learked. Art. 8. 

IcRis and majeftick Air which cloaths them in the 
divine Records. Mr. Rollin briefly takes notice of 
his Lite, which he himleif wrote > and of his Con- 
liication of the Slanders c^jfpiony in the two Books 
which he compofed purpofely againft hiai. We 
proceed to one of the moR, learned and exc^Hcnc 
Writers of all Antiquity, 

Plutarch. He waspf Chttronea^ a Town of 
B(B0tiay and descended frpm one of the beft and 
moft confiderable Families of that Place. His 
Birth, as near as can be conjeftured, happened five 
or fix Years before the Death of the Emperor 
Claudius. He ftudied Philofophy and Mathema- 
tkks at Delphi., under the Philofopher Ammonius^ 
when he was feventeen or eighteen Years of Age, 
It appears from fome Paflages Mr. Rollin has re- 
lated, that his Talents difplayed chemfelves very 
early in bis nativeCountry,—— He made many 

Voyages into Italy. CKiring his Stay at Rome^ 

his Houfewas the Rendezvous of the Learned, a- 
iBongft whom were the greatefl: Perfonages of the 
City, who went thither to hear his Difcourfo upon 
the different Subjefts of Philofophy. ——Thefe 
were always in Greek. For tho' the Latip Tongue 
was ufcd throughout the Empire, he did not undcr- 
ftand it weH enough to fpeak it.---^But. the Greek 
was well known at Rome^ and, properly fpeaking^ 
was the Language of the Scicnpes, — This Un- 
ikilfulncfs in the Zdi/;« was however the Caufe of 
fome faults which are to be pbferved in his Wri- 
tings. • 

He diicharged the moft.' confiderable Offices in 
his ovn Nation, .and-evci;i ^at of Arch^^ or Chief 
Magjftrate, after having paft thi^agji the inferior 
Employ H^ems, with equal Diligence,^ Care, and 
Approbation of the Publiqk. v 

He was^pwnftual ir? thei'erformance of alKreU- 
tive Duties ^ was of a prudent, moderate, and bb- 


Digitized by 


Art 8. i%r A U G U S T, 1740. iz% 

ligtng Deportment; and had the Pleafure, fn confer 
quence of fo amiable a Conduft, to find in his do- 
meftick Affairs, and throughout his Family^ aU the 
Peace and Satisfadlion he could defirc^-^i — He had 
^ Nephew, called Sextus^ a Pbilofopher of fuch 
great Learning and Reputation, that he was fern for 
ipo Rome to teach the Emperor MdrctiS Aitrelha the 
Grecian Literature. On th^fc Particulairs Mr. RjqIt 
Un expatiates ift his Account of Plutarch. 

His Works are divided into two Claflfes, the 
Lives of illuftrioqs Men, and his MotzlL In the 
latter, Mr. Rollin fays, there are a gre^t Number 
of Curious Fafts riot to be found' elfewhere, with 
very ufeful Leffons, both for the Condiid of pri- 
vate Life, and the Adminiftration of- p6blick Af- 
fairs, and even admirable Principles concerning the 
Divinityt Providence, and- the Immortality of the 
Soul 5 " but with a Mixture every-Where of the 
f* abfqrd and ridiculous Opinions which i^c find' 
*< in alnfK)ft all the Pagani. The Ignorance alfo of 
^* true Phyficks renders the reading erf" many of 
f thefe TrJifts tedious and difegrecable. ^ 

Thfemoft efteemed Part of PltitarcVs Works 
is his Lives of illuftrious Men, Greeks and Roi- 
mans* We have not all he compofcd ; at leaft fix- 
^cen of them being loft. Thofe, Mr. RpIUh fays, 
of which the Lofs is moft to be regretted, are the 
Lives oi Epaminondas and the two Scipies Africmi. 
The Comparifons of ThemipocJes and Camtius^ of 
Pyrrhus and Marius^ of* Phocion and C^/^ ahd of 
Ca/ar find Alexandery are alfo wanting. 

Mr. RolKn thinks, a Man of fine Taftd thuft pre- 
fer thefe to all the Boc^s of profane Antiquity*. 
They ard not only the mbft accoitipSiflled Pieces 
we haVe, but the moft proper fbr firfftVing IWien, 
either for pubJick Affairsand FunJfticiHs^abi-oad, or 
for private arid dcmdlick Life.-^^-^Pto^r^* usual- 
ly judges of Things by what conftiAJtcs their real 


Digitized by 


122 TZ^^WoHics oftbehtAJiKEiy. Art. 8. 

Value. The wife Refledions, which he fcatters 
everywhere in his Writings, accuftom his Reader's 
to think in the fame manner, and teach them where- 
in true Greatnefi and folid Glory confift. 

There arc many other Encomiums which Mr, Rol* 
lin bcftows upon this excellent Author. He obferves, 
that he divefts his Heroes of all foreign Glare and 
Difguife 5"he (hews them as they are in themfelvcs s 
— ^ — he. fgllows them into the n(ioft fecret Recefles 
jof their Houfes, examines them, as one may fay, 
in their Difliabillee, liftens to their mod: familiar 
.Converfations, confiders them at Table where Con- 
ftraint rarely comes, and even at Play, where Dif* 
guife is ftill more unufual. ^ 

As to the Style of Plutarch^ his Didion is nei*- 
ther pure nor elegant; but it has a wonderful 
Force and Energy in painting the livelieft Images 
in few Words, in venting the fliarpeft and moft 
piercing Things, and in cxpreffing noble and fub- 
'lime Thoughts. He h^s frequently Comparifons, 
which infufe Abundance of Grace and Light into 
' his Narrations and Reflexions j and has Harangues 
of inimitable Beauty, almoft always in the ftrong 
^nd vehenient Style. ' '\ 

This Article dofes with an high Commendation 
of M. Amiot\ old Tranflation of Plutarch^ and 
jbme Remarks on the Deqay of die Energy of the 
French Tongue. - / • • 

The other Greek Hiftomans,' of whom. Mr. Rollin 
gives an Account, are, Arrian^ JElian;^ Jppian^ 
Diogenes Laertius^ Dion CdJJius^ Herodian^ Eunct- 
piuu Zojrmus^ -Sixtd PBeriUs. We decline entering 
into thfe ChaVafters of aYiy * but the moft eminent, 
and fo proceed how td the i}atinS. 

Qur Author introduces their Memoirs widi dt.^ricf 
Repreferitarton of the 'primitive iState of' the lloman 
HiftoryV Itiohfifted difitftdnfy, islfxetdls us; of 
tm^Memorandums drawn up by i\itPontife9$Maxh 


Digitized by 


Art. 8. For A IT G U S T, 1740; 123 

fnus;9f\iO regularly fct down every Year the moft confi- 
derable Events, either in War or Peace j and this 
Cuftom, eftabliihed very early at Rume^ fublifted 
to the time of P. Mucins^ who had that Office, 
A. R, 629 or 631. The Name of Annaki Maxi- 
mi were given to thcfe Records. 

In thofe early Days, we may fuppofe, thefe Me- 
morials were very rudely exprefs*d.» The moft re- 
markable Incidents only were fct down, the Tin:c$ 
and Places wherein they happened, the Names and 
Conditions of the Perfons who had the greateft 
Share in them. 

At Jength Hiftory quitted this antique Garb, and 
began to appear in Publick with more Decency. 
The Poets, as Mr. Rollin notes, were the irft who 
conceived the Defign ot improving and adorning 
it Nuevius compofed a Poem on the firft Punkk 
War, and Ennius wrote the Annals of Rome in he- 
roick Verfc. 

Hiftory at laftafllimed a regular Form, and ap^ 
peared in Profc. . . The carlieft Writers of it in that 
way, mentioned by our Author, were, ^ Fabius 
PiSor^ the moft ancient, who lived during the fe- 
cond Punick War j L. Cincrus Alimenfus his Cotem^ 
porary ; and Cato the Cenfor : Which laft has the 
jufteft Title to the Name pf Latin Hiftorian -, for 
it is certain, that he wrote his Hiftory in that 
Tongue. It conOfted of (even Books^ and was 
entituled Ori^s^ becaufe in the fecond and third 
Books he related the Original of aH the Cities of 
Italy. L. Pifo ir/^^/,. furnamed CalpumiuSy is alfb 
cited amongft thofe ancient Hiftprians. He was 
Tribune of the People, A. R. 605. He was alfo 
feveral Tiaies, Conful. Cicero fpeaks meanly of his 
jfnnals. Pliny gives them a more advantageous^ 

The Hiftprians bctfer known, and whofc Wri- 
ting are conoc dQwn.foufSy are, F/>/^ Sallust. 

Digitized by 


124 ?i&^ WoRltS tftk LfeAkNEU; Att. ^; 

^intilian, fcts him upon a level with ^hueydides^ 
Mr. Rollifij without prefuming to fettle their Rank, 
%s, it .f^ifices to confider him as one of the moft 
excellent Hiftorians of Antiquiry. The moft di- 
ftinguiftiing Chafafteriftick of his Wrkings is the 
Brevity of ,bJ3 Style, x — ^^ This Brevity proceeds 
from the livcty Vigour of his Genius. He thinks 
ftrongly and nobly, and writes as he thinks. ■. ^ ■■ 
The Language he ufed was extremely adapted to z 
clofe Didion, and thereby favoured hi& natural Dif- 
pofition^ It hj^Sj as well as the Greeks the Advan-^ 
tagc jof being equally fufceptible of the two oppo-^ 
fite Extremes. In Ckiro^ our Aiithor fays, it gives 
a numerous, flowing, periodic Style : In Satluft^ a 
Ihort, bij)ken, precipitate one. The latter often 
fupprefles Words, and leave? theCaceoffupplying 
them tp his Reader. He throw« many Words and 
Jphrafes together, withqut.any Conjunftions, which 
give a Jcind of Impetuoiity to his Difcourfe. He 
makes no Scruple of ufing obfolete Words in his 
Hiftory, fo they are bu{: Ihorter, and more ^nerge«^ 
tic than thofe in fafhion. But be efpecially abounds 
with Metaphors, and thoie not the modefteft and 
leaft glo^i^g, but the moil concife, the MdeQiyand 
the rnon: lively. ,. i . /..m 

We know not wnkb to admire moft, his Dcfcl-ip* 
tions, Qhnrailers, or Harangitps : For he fucceeds 
alike in them all. «^-^ Nothing can be added totheif 
Force, Spirit ^nd Eloquence* -r^ , 

JBefide3 the Wars of Ca^iHne and jugurtba^ SaU 
Ifiji wrote a. general fiiftoryof jtbe Events thatjiap- 
pencd during ^ certain If umber of Years, of which 
amongft other Fragments there are feveraJ pcrfe^Stly 
fine pijTqourfes left U3. , 

Seco^4lh Livy* He was borp In Paau,ay\xk 
the ConfulH^ip of Gabienus and pjfo^ fifty.-eight 
Years beforje the Chriftian ^ra. 'He \\^ a Spn, 
to whom be wrote a Letter upon ;£d]acati^n and. the 


Digitized by 


Art. 8. For AUGUST, 1740. 125 

Studies proper for Youth \ of which we ought very 
much to regret the Lofs. He alfo compofed fomc 
philofopbical Works and Dialogues, in which Phi- 
iofophy had a Part. 

But his great Work, as Mr. RoHin^ fays, was the 
^c/Wtf» Hiftory, in an hundred and forty, or an hun- 
dred forty-two Books, from the Founclation of 
Rome to the Death and Funeral of Dru/us^ A. R. 
743. We find from fome Dates therdnj that ]bc cm- 
ployed the wholeTime between the Battle oiAHium 
and the Death of Z)r«/ij in compoTmg it, that is, 
about one and twenty Years. ' But lie publifhed it 
from time to time in Parts ; and this was what ac- 
quired him fo great a Reputation at Rome^ and the 
honourable Vifit of a Strahger from the remoteft 
Part of Spain^ who took fo long a Journey only for 
the fake of feeing him. — This Stranger found no- 
thing fo rare and precioi^ in that Capital of the 
World 2A Livy. After having enjoyed his Conver- 
fation, and entertained himfelf witfi reading his 
Hiftory, he returned ^tth Pleafure and Content to 
his own Country. 

Nothing more is known of what regards this 

.Writer perfonally. He pafled a great Part of his 
Life at Ronte^ efteemcd and honoured by the Great, 
as he defcrved. He died at Padua^ aged .threefcore 

iMid fixtfeen, in the fourth Year of the Retgn of Sf/- 

, Only thirty-five Books of his Hlftory are come 
down td us, which is not the fourth Part of, the 
Wai4:, and even fome of them imperfeft. It is 

.doubted wl^^Jier he hirpfelf divided his Hiftory into 
^ Decads. 

In i-efpeft to the Epitomes in the Front of each 
Book,, the Learned clo riot bch'eve th^rii done either 
ky^Livyiir Florus. Whoever the Author was, they 
have their Ofc, as they ferve to ftiew of what the 
JS'ooks we liavc loft treated. •- i ■ 

* ^''^ Mr. 

Digitized by 


126 7^^ Works ^/^^ Learned. Arto/ 

Mr. /^o/Z/if has tbrowo togecher a Charader oii' 
ihisHiftory, which imports that there reigns in it 
a perle£): Eloquence, ch!at there is throughout; ari 
Equality of Spirit and Style, a noble Simplicity,' 
an unatfe(!l:ed B^a«y, a modeft SubHmity anji" 
Grandeur, and a wonderful Propriety in' the. Com*, 
pofition, flowing Qr conpife>/ull of Sweetncis or 
Force,, according to the EKigency of the Matter j" 
but ;^1 ways clcaf^nd iptclligibie* --— , , ^ . 

It is notonjy^ by his Eloqiiepce* our Author lays,' 
th^t Livy acquired the Reputation he has. enjoyed 
for fp ra^ny Age^ ; He recotihiendcd himfeif , no' 
leis by his Fidelity. Neither. : th^ Feai^ o^ difple^fin^' 
th^ People then in Power, nor the Defire o(, mak-? 
ing his Court to them,, prevesfted him from tellings 
the Truth, ] He praifed thegreateft Enemies pf the 
jluguflan Family. 

Jn the thirty-five Books that fittnain of his Hifto-- 
ry^ he memic«s Augufius. only twice, and that too 
with a Rcferve and Sobriety of Praife, which re* 
prpaches'thofe parafitical Writers, who, ^ithou^; 
Difcretion or Meafure, are fo lavifli , of an Incwfe 
to Oipcp and Dlgnky, due qnly to Merit wd Y\Xf 

If any Defcdraay be imputed to this moft ciccel* 
lent Hiftofian, it is an Over*f6ndnc& fbr has Couo^ 
try: A Rock, Mr. Rollm fays,, he has not ajways . 
.taken care enough to avoid. Whilft he perpetually 
admires the Grcatnefs of the Romans^ he not only 
exaggerates^ their Exploits, Succeffes and Virtu^i 
but difgul&s their Faults and Vices. Mr* Holiin 
clofes this Article relating to JJvy with W) Apology 
for him, in refped of fome other Thirds for which 
he is cenfured : One is Ingratitude and Want of Fi- 
delity, cither in not having named Polybius^ or for 
having done it with too much lodafierence, in Places 
where, he copied him Word for Word: Another is 


Digitized by 


Art 8^. For A V G V Sty 1^40. 127 

the pretended Supcrftition, with which he affe6t§;4i 
he has been accufed, to relate (iich a Number of Mira* 
cles and Prodigies, equally ridiculous and incredible. *'■ 

The next Hiftorian on Mr. Rollings Lift is Cje> 
SAR, who, he fays,. ' diftinguifhcd himfelf no Jclk 
by hfe Wit than his Valour. ' He apjflidd firft to the 
Bar, where he made a great Figure. "His peculiar 
Qiaraftcr was Force and Vehemence. To this Vi* 
gour of Style he added gri^at PuHty and Elegance ^ 
of Language, ^hSch he had rhade his peculiar Stu- 
dy, and upon which he piqued himfelf more than 
any. (kher Roman. He compofed many Works: 
Among others, two Books upon the Analogy of the 
Latin Tongue. Befidcs the Excellence of his Lati^ 
mty^ he is celebrated for ^ wonderful Talent in 
painting ObjedS) and placing Things in all thelt^ 

Only two (^ his Works lemain \ his (even Boojct 
of the War with the Gauh^ and his three pf the 
Civil War. They arc, properly fpeakihg, only ' 
MemoiM^ «nd be hiade them publick as fuch: • 
CommtmarH. The PerfpictHty ^nd Elegance oF' 
Styk, natural to him, are <%rt^inly evident in 
them I but he has negleded all the fhining prna*^ 
mems * (Semui (b happy as his could have diBufed 
chitM^hout ^ Performance of that Nature : It is not- 
witMadding generally agreed, that no other MVork>'^ 
howemr liboiired and p61ifhed, can come up to the 
Beaiity of it. 

C^r iindcKlbtsdly had great Wit and the moft 
hai^ rmjonl Parts; bift he had alfo taken Pains to 
cultrraee liiem by af&duott» Study, and to enrich 
thein with adl diat was tnoft curious and exquiiite in 
Ijitenm^ 1 by which means he arrived at furpafltng ' 
aittfcft adl thedocjuemeft Oi^tors of Rome in Ptirity 
of ±«igi^gtf and Delicacy ^f Style. ' 

PAf^^EUctTLtJSj' :Wha follows Oiffiif ^ Mr. ' 
RoWn^% Account, fiourilhed in the IJeign of Ttbe- 

K fim. 

Digitized by 


128 5r&? W0IUPSflf//&^^^EARNED,, Art. ft 

Hus. It is tliougnt he was bori^ \t\ the 735 th Year 
di Rime. His jf^nccftor^ were ill'uftripip ^ by their 
Merit and ©Hi&s. lie w^ a tribtuxe in the^ Ar- 
my, when C^w C^r, the <jrahdfon of ^«^»^^ 
Rid an Ittteryie^' with th|^ King of .F<ir/iii in ^ 
Hlarid of tht^ Eitphratis^ f^^ 'rad a ' Conimind in 
Ae Cavirryimdcf'Sliri^Wj', a^d attended thlat prince 
nine Years fucc^fliyely in all his Expeditions^ lyho 
rewarded him' TOhotirkbly/^^'p^^^^ to the 

Prajtorfhipr thefame Year :4^ft»i^^^^ ' 
' ' The Tfthe when he began his Hifto^^yjs not 
known, nor whit it contaif^ed. l^he Beginning of 
' k is loft. What is come down to p? pf it i$ a Frag- 
ment of fte andem<!?r^^i6 Hi0:ory with that of the 
Xamans, frbm theDrfeat 6(PirJiu's to the fifteenth 
if ear of Tiberius: He dddre|cs it to ^/Yin/tus^ 
Who was Conftfl at that time, ii^ proinifed one of 
greater Extent, . l ^ 

His Style is highly wonhy bf . thp Age in Ivhjch 
he lived, which \i^as ftill that of line T^fte and 
p^re Lah|ua^e» ' He eitcells 'principally in thip Ch^- 
fa€lers or Men: Some |nlbijcb'pf whjch ouri^^^ 
Apr has cited. \ \, ; / 

■ Mis'Natt-atiVeis Jqdged to t« fa^thTuUnii ffiicere 
dow6 tptfte^Tfeic'of thi? C^n,';and in;foch JE^fe 
as do nbtconcerh them.,' ^ot ^oita thencefordi' tlie 
Defire of flattertng 3^ii^^m; malcekhlmeithgr'o^^ 
. ^igaife,^ oi" altc^r the Truth In various Inft^^^ 

-TAciTus ftands liext in tile ^ift of tfijlorians. 
Hfe^was born in the Year of CSiYift ^u ye^^^M 
firft rai'fed him to Dignities'j^ in wl^icH iiius conti- 
mied him, and to which Pomuja/i added greater. 

He Was P^^tor in the 'Heigti of the latter, and 
ii! that of Mrt;<:j was Tubftituteii ' C^ Fergt* 

niusRufpi -whofe Panegyric he conipo/ed-, Jde 
maitied the -iWughtcr c^pn^julius '/igrlcola^ fa- 
niplis for the <}6n^eft of mttiiny Learning ren- 
der^ hini more ilhtftrious thaii his pignities. He 
'■ - ' " t ' pleaded 

"Digitized by 


Art 8. P^r A U G U S T> 1740: 125 

pleaded after hehadtieea Conful) with great Repm^ 
tacjoo for Eloquence, of wbtqh the peculiar Cbv* 
rafter was We^ht and Majefty. 

It appears that he puhliflied iome Orations or 
Pleadings. He alfo cpnnpoied fome Pieces ia 
Yerfe s and there is a l^etoer of his^ axnongft thoSn 
of PBny. 

But he is only ki^own* in thefe Days, by his }di 
ftorical Writings. It is conjeftured ih«( be drew 
up bis Offiriptien of Germany during ^r^tf% 
tecond Confullbip* The Life of jd^ticoU^ his Fa^ 
ther-in-Law« appears alfo, irom the Preface, to b^ 
one of his firft WorkSf pnd to be wrpte in the Be* 
ginning of Trajan's Reign* After a ihort Account 
of its Contents Mr. Jiolli9$ praifes this Piece as one 
of the iineft and moft valiuble Fragments of Aod>» 
quity ; in which Soldiers, Courtiers, and M^iftratct 
may find the beft Inftruftion). 

His great Work is that wherein he wrote* th« 
Hi(k)ry of the Enaperors, beginning at the Deatl^ 
of Calha^ and concluding at that oS Domkian: 
which is what we call his Hiftories. Great Part oC 
this i9^J9ft. ' For thi^ Undertaking he aflced Me- 
moirt of panicular Perfons : ..As he did oi Pliny ifatt 
younger^' concerning his. Uncle's Death, He in^ 
tended^ after having iinilhed it, to write the Hifto* 
ry of fJer'Ba and Trajan \ but ic does not appear 
that he executed dii^ Delign, , Inftead thereof he re«» 
fomed the RomoM Hiftory from the Deatli of yte-^ 
guftm. to the Rei^n of Galba ^ and this is the Parcv 
which he calls his Jn^ahy becaufe he endeaivoureci 
to introduce all the Events lindcr their k'efpe^flve 
Years^.; whidi however he does not always obferve 
in relating fome Wars. *-— Of the four Emperors^, 
whofe Hiftory he wrote in his Annals, viz. Tiberius^ 
Calig/tta^.CtauiiHSy ^nd'jVSnrff^ only that. of the firft^ 
^ndjdb are comedown to us aln^oft entire t We- 
howevei' 'want three Tears of Tibmufy and the lau 

K 2 tcr 

Digitized by 


T30 fra^ WoAkS of /feXEAANEtf. Aft 88. 

tcr Part of iWr^'s Reign. Caligula is entirely loft^ 
and we have only the End of Claudius. He de- 
figncd ftlfo-.tjob^ve wrote the Hiftory of Augufius : 
itoctthere UiReafdn to thinks he did i^ot. 
^ : That Paw ,wteicl;i w« have of ^ihrius^s Reign, is 
judged •Jbi^.Mafter-.piiKce ifirrefp,eft iq Eolmcl«. 
' /'iA»!tio,th«s 5ty)e of. 74fkuh we muft own it very 
jobfwte:, ,Jt. i?ri fiptftifitimei ^ven hard ,and ftifF, and 
has not • all the Purity of the Lafm Tongue. BtiC 
rhe-cxCfilblipcxprfil^ngpKVhSfrtfe in few.Wpfds, 
Mlhficb giv^$>a Vfify, peculiv Force, E*ier^y, and Spi- 
,iic to hn Difpourfe. He (y«:ells . alfo . in painting 
iQbje^a, .fDiu«Une8i .with.BreY,k,y, and fometinies with 
greatier JE»(w«, W ajw^y^ in lively Colouri?, tjiat 
in a manner fct what he defcribes befcKe our.Eycs,i 
wi (whicfc peculiar .CMraiSter), fugggft iquch 
^OTOTC then tbey^^icprefe: Sonia Ex'gmplc^ of this> 
our Autlior h^. prodqcf d 'is;om ;tbe . Life p£ J^ri- 

V Tacitus* famiftinies 0ijn^Ji^s. JjiflF^^^yith v.e5^ 
4VKlicic>us ReflcdiQns,; , TbiSt^e ^oes ia ^ w,onderfl|l 
J^anner^ where he ^t9l|s tlj? :Wii(ioni and JVig- 
iiLttmm \^itU wl>ich ^f /V<3^ n^nage(J ap^jTpj^hpd 
^ vM^tx Tenjper, of J^Qmiftan$ ,lilP^Ke:.^i/^l.i^f 
bad freque^y;expcriencpd.;hc Oi^ges<jf ^1 \ 

rJci^a MKortJune fbat.w? arc nobetteji-.inforjn^eft 

in the Ciravwagftaj^fesof the.'Jt^ife of ii>^ illuftrioiis a 

Wifittr ; 'Nqri dp we* kpow viy . t^ipg ! in'f efpe^; to 

ki\% cDeath, .- The Emperoi; Tm^uu who held h .an 

Horioup.. to ..defcendi.irofli; his .F^qily., jdei^ree^ 

Aat Jgrt6 Worfei. ft^tiJ4 te .placed in ^ all, Xibra- 

mii eiwd.ilw: .fi^j Copies fhould bie niade ot 

them, ev^ry Kft^r^at c^ Esqgence; b( the PubUck, ja 

x}f(;l^tot(feeit.^ingf,qio^'(¥?frf(ft.,). ■ 

A Mi.iRoiimdk^:^^ry .brief ^^.^ly^A^xroujnts. of the 

remaining Latin Hiftorians,, viz.[ ^inius (^urtiuss, 

^stdoHim^o imiui.FJ^n^Sjfi y^fijffin,^^^ ^\Vriierf of 

^,j : V :i ^ Murcel- 

Digitized by 


Art 8. For AXJf GXJ S T, 1740; J31 

Marcftirnus^ ahd Ektropius. The prindipa) dbings 
he fiys or^&m are as follow. 

It 15 not certainly* knoWn when Quimtus Ctm- 
Tius lived : Some placing him in the Reign of Ak^ 
gafius or Tihfiusy and others in that of V^fpAftan^ 
and even of Trajan* He wroee the Hiftory of A- 
lexander the Great in ten Books, of which the two 
£rft are perilhed, and which have' been ftipplicd by 

His Style rs florid tttA agreeable.' ' He abounds 
with wife Refledlifons, and Jias raany very fine Ha- 
rangues, Jbut generally too tedious. HSs Thoughts, 
.which are full of Wit, and often very 4blid, have 
liQwever an affcfted Glitter, not -entiifcly of -the 
Stamp bf the Augufiaft Age, ' 

He is reproached w^th Ignorance in re(pe&«o 
Aftronomy^ .GcttgrapKy, the Dates of his Evisnci, 
^ftdeVen the moft-knownr Eflbfts of Ijlatufc.' '^ 

SuBTONucjs was the Son of Suetonius Lemt, z 
Trfbiine of the .thirteenth LdgJon^ Who' was at the 
Batffc of Bedriacumy where the Troops of f^elHus 
were defeated byOtbo. HeflouriJhed in theReigfb 
pf Trajan .arod Adrian. He compofed a great 
Numierof Books, which are almoft all loft, On*- 
iy hisf ^Hiftory of the firft twelve Emperors, and 
Part of his Treatile upon the celeBrated Gramtna* 
nans and Rhetoricians, are come down' to us. 
* This Hiftory is very much efteemed b/ the Learii- 
.^d. He confines himfclf lefs in it to tbie Afl&irs'of the 
flmpirfe than the Perlbns of the Emperors, whoib 
particular A^ons, domeftick Qehaviour, and In«. 
clinatiortpb general, good or bad, he relates. His 
Style is fttongand fimple. He is blibied forgiv* 
ing tod much Licence t6 Ms Pen, and fey b^ing as 
Ipofe in'' Ws Narfatioci, as his Emperors were in 
thcir'Lii^Eh^^* --• '^ '-'''' = -^' 

iLu c I OS Ftbi us \% belieired to h^n been a SpOf* 
mrd^ of the Family oiTthc Seneca's. Ms Abridge 

K 3 mcnt 

Digitized by 


132 TieWoRKZ of the Lb ARii ED. Art. 8. 

ment of the Roman Hiftory, in four Books, from 
Romulus down to jfuguftusj feems to have been 
wrote in Trajapi^ Time. It is not an Epitome of 
£fejp, wkh ivhom he often differs. HisSty le is ele- 
gant, agreeable, and has a kmd of poetical Viva- 
city in it; brttin feme Pkcesitfhastoo much Pomp, 
und fometimes^v/euBoianbaA, 

Justine's Style h clear, inteljigibie and pleaf- 

We find- itihtm from tlincf to time fine Thoughts, 
folid Reflexions, and' very HVcly Dcfcrlptions j' ex- 
cept a fmall Nunrber of Words and Modes erf" 
Speech, his Latinity is fulflciendy pure. i 

• Mr. RolNfi barely mentions tne Writers of the 
'ii^gufian H\fiory. He then proceeds to 
- AuRELius Victor, who lived in thelReignof 
CoftftantiuSy and long after. Iris thought he ^as 
in Afrkan. He was born in rfie Country, and the 
Son of a very poor illiterate Mkn. * He feems to 
Wvebecn a Pagan at the Time he^wrbtt. His 
Hifl:ory of the Emperors begins at Augu^us\ and 
goes on to the twenty-third Year-^of-C^^ii^r/w. 
There is aft^bcd to this Author; art Atiridgrtient 
fiH the Lives of fllbftrioos Men, almoft aH Rmi^ns^ 
from Pfotm t&fitJms C^r .••But his Titfe to ihts is 
di^iiwd. ' Y' . ' 

AMMiAwtrs Marcellinu* was by'NStioh a 
Qreeky ofu eonfiderabfe Family in \rf>i/for*. He 
ferved many Years m ihtldGman Armies' hi the time 
eX ConfioHtius. He afie^wafds quitted the Troops, 
and retired to iB^»f^, where he Compoled his Hifto- 
ry, in oiie and thirty Books. He continued it from 
Nerwy vffhereSueUmus cn^; to the Dteath of ^tf- 
lem. Wi have now only the lafteighteen Books. 
He wTOte in tatinj but itt a Latin that favoured 
much of the (?f^f * aiid thfe Soldfer. Htfisjgfave, 
folid, iudick)ii5i very TmcHt^. «id'a gtcatLover of 
Trutli, -- .•.'■". ^'''-:^'^ - - --; 

. . ^^ EUTRO- 

Digitized by 


Alt. 9. ¥w AUGUST, 1740. 133 

EvTROPius wrote his Epitome of the i^^iKruii 
Story in the Reigns of VaUntinian and VaUm \ by 
order of the latter, to whom he infcribes ic His 
Style is more like that of a Qri9k than of a Roman. 

A R T I C L E IX. 

A Continuation of Dr. Syfces'i Connexion and 
Principles of Yizxm^ andVxvakd Religion, 

3rN twp foregojjig Articles an Account ha$ been 
[ given of Part ot this Work, I (hall now pre<^ 
nt the Reader with an Abftrad of what remains, 
beginning with the twelfth Chapter. And here our 
Aachpr xoqiff to confider and refute the ObjedUons 
that are ufually railed Againft Revelation, See how he 
ftatcs tliem* . It is iaid, Firfi^ " Whatever was reveal- 
*< ed» if k w^ defigped lor umverfal Ufe, muft be 
^ cqnfigned to ^ivritingn Books qiuft be made^ and 
<' ^fffmenss muft; be uled to convince all fuch as 
*<r ftre not Eyirjvisn^Jrf of the Evidence produced 
*< for Reydauon, Now fuppofing it wrote it 
«< Qooks, •i-^.^-.M^n have no Principle in them 
^^^yfi^ffr^i^y^ tp. know they are obliged to learn to 
V ,r^.afiaU^ much lois can a Man of any other^ 
«< Ofpvirj Ic^ow that l^e is obliged to learn to 
^' r«id (jreeij or Hebrew^ or CbaUee, or any f6- 
*' reign/ Language in which the Revelation ihall 
'^ ^ppen to be penned. But fuppofe we farther^ 
^.« S^cmdtyy That the Revelation is wrote •, all to 
<« .w4v9m i^ IS propofed muft be convinced by Arm 
^^ %iiflfini$ pi the Reaibnablenefs and Neceflity of 
•* tAqsivipg it* If therefore the Reveiatkm con- 
«« ^ati^ any JLawot God, it ou^ht like all Laws 
« tpi^arry its Authority widi itj and Arguments 
<« jbouldnotbe ur^ed to prove its Authority. For 
«« naLawjif of any Confequence or EfFedt, if the 
^ Sub^e^ is to difpuie^ and be cominced by Argu- 
« nacntsof the Authority of the Legiflaton There 

K4 ^* is 

Digitized by 


134 ^he Works of the LEAiL}fi,D. Artg.- 

«' is therefore a double DefeA ia propoiing to the 

«' World»a.wpicteDReV£la$icHit FJrfi^ It is a thing 

.*' tobejp^Wfrfft 3?wbtreas the. Bolk of the World' is 

^i'. not'CtpaWe.of jfWjjiwjcf the Force ot thofc-Ai^- 

ff gumenfp lay Jif^Wch it iswiftbt provedi^ .in. Qtd^:m 

«< make theip fubmit to it-^ iAndJiiS(mif{j^^ iik cod- 

,^ tains ^ny iflw of God, itougfaitocairyasplbin 

♦i- and vtfiWe Marks of A/r Authority, as humdii 

;^* Lai«» doj of; the Audiority 'of'thrir LegJfktdr. 

<1 God thfrelore,:fliouki ftaine • miplanted. ;i0i Men^ 

♦A. Minds .fome innate Prio€j{^, by vAtikh thty 

•f^ (pi^ liav.^xl^O|wn hisiLa^s, and have fidnDiis^ 

f« ted l<> tWettVa^ Laws, of the State 

.^« in which tl^yUvte, in wt^h.dbcre Miatwrayi cafe 

5« . taken of ^ fofficieot ProniQlgatJon* •. *:. n ' > 

, ** But/itiil»a fanffaerDiffioiltjr^! er sadiei: 

. ** Abftjrdity « ia fiippofing^ a Re vekcidh ^sifit/ien^} or 

f',;cont^rK?d„ihn Books; a^jthatis^ ihtt iaPr^Gdil 

'*^ of Time the written Books mult become: ef ik^ 

ffM(^sJuiMO'' They mfKt'hccomA fall "oft-v^^. 

n^' mus.R^dingi '^ ooeWofd ^illb&fabftitiited^for 

f' 4»otlierj>:a^ at Jen|^h3tfaeTewitftlfi<nuft:bd. 

>f(.< rend^r/(d pr^i^mw ^tHi Mcctctain, \ Wa&c^h'0# 

«« it has been in faft in the Ne^^^fiaineHti' whfcft 

, <V tlurty thou^nd :diffei*nt Jj^bMiar^jalteadit' ta- 

.< f kq) notice /Pf,^ and < ho^ ■- . many inaora ; ^ iwnuial 

/' there be< .FW more )MSS>ocoHattd 2::Wq hekri^i 

I' great deiiUmong both aoeient.ftod tnodcBn CHiH- 

*' ftians, of different Copies y Corruptions, \i& thfc 

'< Saiptur/9, fyierpolatim^ and fuch lik£jiln|uries 

<^ of Time, ^nd wickpd.Mcn, which have rendleq- 

^< ed the. Text of the iViwc^.Ti^jfllrtiwwr oDJcertaiat 

*f A^ ^hu« it muft happen tflftllReyelat^oBi.thatiifi 

y qomainsd jja^QokaprWritiogs-,' * ^. * i . « 

You /fee, hqjv pa4i tipuliar and Infipattial our Authdr 

ns^ in ilatiqg the. Cayifs of >iii;l^ ,li»fidda& Widvit^is 

View undojibtcdl^t .th« they' itoayJave no fttJida^ 

fiunto iCQil^fain .of.])4i&c$u$^t»ti ofjof havr 

' * ■ in 

Digitized 'by 


^. 9. For A U G U S T, 1740; 135 

ing the Force of theic Arguments 'fi^>pr«0ed^ ' With 
rtfptSt to the ficft Braneh of khe toiogomg Objee- 
non^k^cbknns, Tlasitis tnie^ aU Men are not 
obligpi ICO' ieann .ca t^a^ or^&hAffyrtign'LzA' 
goagos : But isf«fu^!Ttutiis may be /acqolml irich- 
OQD chctfe Q^ificatiQiis..ji-a^I\4en nl^f be taiight an 
adirfiBtag^xHisr Do^intt, .without* beink able to read 
^lOriginal tkan cbntah^Ui *f^-^ Abd the^&ilfe 
mayi b^ fdidof MoraKty idkK. ' The Khoviptedgebf 

Men dcEtainlyr^ m^if^frmZ/anainuatithiiydoKhoW' 
kc^o£ .other Thfligs, - byibaifngMugbf 1 and wheti 
diei^ fbrcei^fic/ the Agiteniefu: or Disagreement df 
jdBD I^eaaahey) acquiicy they become conyinced of 
the Truth and .CMigBiion of moral Piinci|>ltf$. 
Mbm 19 t;he Biilk bf Mankind pmaife thefi Pk'in- 
dpies^ therTiruti) <lf which they cannot /r<?^, lb 
thoyrHiay any oeberithc UfefulndTs of which they 
aie fenfiblejofi ...iM<-Tr''^ i'- ■ • 1 . 
;. Botlkte Cafes^riithtnii pfi Ikid, difien Morality 
jstalLdifdiyerable by lom inm Minfb^ ^^d we are 
ci-bninaliiiwiydD^tiaiiply chtfm^ as^ we oi^ht. 
W<hefQa$} ^ haiHK^ no J^wef6 ihat «an \difeov<ir any 

u^lfaMyliays^lieDoabrv but (bp^^ Revelation 
ttbiminswkit isifeen^'foe it/S/ir^'^^^ is pro- 
po&d ;: <#ili Ithem not U'a erhrtina)<:af«lefihefi, if 
MQ rftbold tfao^ntttiuie co embrace ki 'But^ aa 
he .^ .> ^,.'^•J •. • ' 
- IiiniruiH^! the ^Obje^^ion is fbonded ubon a Sup- 
pofi^^^^tu IDtt&rinfe ufefel to all mm bedefign- 
ecli.tD)jfao imrii09fjSJly^riitived. ^ Whereas^ the cotf- 
trai)i3naDEfiiieg^Ud^< a& be end^Vours to evince, 
without any Difp^mgem^nc to- the Divine Jufticeor 
Bcbeficeocei' iRevelation,' he notes, may notbede- 
fignediM miib^lj ;bat^on(y for ^neral Ufe ; and 
whcrdi w s^aflb(ded,'lht Knowledge of it may bie 
VXfjxit^rjvi^tK^U^ti^ <g ff^y Sittch lefs'the. 


Digitized by 


136 31B^ Works of the Learned. Art. ^ 

learning oi firange Laf^uages. They to whom it 
has never been given have no Hardihip impofed on, 
CMT Injuft ice done to theqi^ iince it was nocnecefla* 
ly to die Knowledge of ihw Duty^ or to their 
Happinefe ; but is, properly, committing to tjbofe 
who have it an additional Talent^ which i^no 
more Partiality or Injuftice in God than the endu* 
fng one Man with better Faculties than another, 
is. . ^ . . , . 

As to what isfaid of /the Incapacity of the Bulk 
f>f Mankind for the. judging of the argumentauve 
Proofs of Reve)atioo> and the Fitnefs^ confequent* 
ly, of its taring as obvious Marks of the Divine 
'Authority, as human I^aws do of the Authority of 
their Legiflatoirs \ our Author anfwers, That .Ar^ 
guments arc the only and the proper Meana of 
fpreading a Revelation, and iinducing Men to be<* 
^feve it. . That in wder to Men*| receiving a plain* 
ly ufeful Truth, they are not obliged to be ahle to 
tccount, for every St^p in itsPro^re& from itsfirft 
Author.^— ^** But if a*. Revelation be capable of 
^ being fausfaiflorily proved to fuch as canexanvne 
^ and judge) and others who cannot examine,, ac« 
•^ quiefce in the Judgment of thofe whp caai and 
*• at iho fame time they who hear it, can.perccivft 
w the UfkfnUffi of the Thing revealed,.— This w 
H as much as can be expeded or defircd ; and it is 
^\. agreeable to human Condu£l;« in other Caf€s«.-*i~i 
♦« A Man may not be able to judge of the Evidence, 
« for a Truth revealed ; but yet when it is opened 
^ to him, and explained to him in its Confequen^* 
«^ cest '^ n!^F influence him* p rig}it Action, and 
<^ be a gDod Principle, tho' he may not be able to 
^ anf^er all Queftkms about its Evidence, which 
^ may bebeyoodhisCapacity* 

When il is f^iid^ that if a Revelation conti^ins 
any Law of God, it fhould as plainly carry the 
Scanap'Of hi9 Authority |,, as buQiaA JLaws do oif the 


Digitized by 

y Google 

Alt. 9. F(»r A U G U S T, 1740. 137 

Authority of their refpeftive Legiflators. Dr. 
Sykes owns this is true. " Every Law fuppofes a 
** Legiflator, who has Authority to make and im- 
«' pofe Laws: And when the Legiflator is admtN 
** ted, the Laws carry an Authority with them. 
** Whatever is a Law of Godi fupporei him to be 
** the Legiflator % and there needs no other Sort of 
*« Rcafoning to prove his Authority, than thet« 
** muft be to prove the Authority of any other 
** Lawgiver. Should a Man deny the Exiftence 
" of God, and thereupon rejcd his Laws, he mvSt 
*^ be dealt with as any other Subjeft muft that de* 
** nies the Authority of his Soveraign: For the 
** Laws of no Legiflator carry their own Authori* 
'• ty over fuch as Jifpute^ whether there be any 
•^ Legiflator or not,' or who that Legiflator is. If 
*^ by Laws carrying their Authority with fbem^ be 
^^ meant, that the Legiflator has a Right topunifli 
^^ fudi as queftion his Authority ,««~«This is at 
^ true in the Cafe of God as of any other L^flA« 
^* tor: For, he can punifli as much as any other 
** Legiflator. . 

: Of lefsConfequencefiill^ our Author &ys^ is the 
G^eftion firofti the various Readings^ which in Pro» 
cc6 of Time mufl: happen to the Booh in which 
Revelation js wrote. This Difliculty being founded 
upon ^\i2Xhas happened to the Nim Tefiamen^j t^ 
anfwer fatisfadorily to the Ground of the Objeftioa 
h to reply td the Ofcgedtion itfelf. 

That thel'e are a great many various Readings in 
the fkcred Books, the Do£tor owns, i» certain : And 
that thett have beeii Corruptions wiiititly made^ 
may, he believes, be proved; ^ but that- any doer 
^ Place of Confeqiience has been altered, la as «oc 
^* to be known what the trqef Readitig was and iss ^ 
•* fe ay to render zny DoHrittt or Duty precariods ; 
^ or that any Promifey Threat^ er Inftituiio^ of 
;^ Ckriftianity is any way jiik&id'hf my Corrupts 
^ ' . •• on. 

Digitized by 


1^2 fhe Works ^/^J^Learked. Art 9^ 

'** on,' or various Reaciing — --This ought to be 
^^ proited By naming* the Point that is concerned/' 
Liet' tt be wppbfed, that in fome MSS. there' is a 
Sertoli? Rtadfftg (rf'Cdhfeijuence : Nay. be it adniit- 
•ti^d ' (tho*' riot true) that ' aH MSS. are of e(qu4 
Xjoodhefs and' Authority- the pioft that can be in- 
;ftrred is^^fhat ^he poiSrine held forth' in fuch paf- 
ticfalar Haoe ' is ^ under task i ' ^nd we^p the fame 
lOoftrfne no jfchi^fe eife taught, then k^might ^ 
faid to \^ precarious .\ But iHt be taught clearly ia 
bther Paflagea,theri is it not affcfted by fuch various 
Heading," This Ae' D.oftpr illuftrates, by inftancing a 
Text 6r two as i-emarkable as any : i Tim, iiu 1 5. 
-Great ts the Myfitri of^ ^odUnefs^ God jc;«i niwf- 
fejt in the Flejh,^ The Clermpnt Copy i-eads it 'o 
Inftead; of eiv^^ i.-e. ^kb^ iiiiftead'of God: And 
*he» Vulgate^ Syriacy Mthioftcky and Arv^man^ 
plainly read it the fame way. It does not nowlTig- 
Aify Which is the. true Heading;, tho* it i^ay tje ol?- 
fervfed, the Doftor fays, that th^ WWd * 0£^4 is not 
iited^^s in^ the Text by atiy'€^^^^/t Writer befor^ 
the fifi^ Century.—— Now fuppofing here a various 
Reading— all that can follow is,, that one canriqi 
^S^vtjefus lo be called eei^, oxG(^ from !th$i 
^ext: *fint then fuppofing he is called 0e^ in fomfi 
bthcr PafTage, e. g. Johnh. i. tlie Do<%ine is jr. 
cOnteftable that Jclus is 0ti$. 

' So again, t John v. 7. ^here are three that tear 
Record in Heaven^ the Father^ the U^ord^ and the 
ItolyGhoJiy andthefe three are one^ %\\ unum. Thi? 
1*ext, our Author aflertS^ is not to be found in any 
Griei M$. \9H1dh has not been correded ^(and 
khowti 16 ^ 'fb) from the P^utlhte y or which was, 

**^]^r6ad'' abong 'the LaJ,ihs^ arid, is no v q-ept 
f* itiWth^niod^nycxiion^ofiJM jNfi^w tj^fiatk^t^ 

Digitized by 


Art g. For A U G U S T, 1740. 139 

*« without any Authority to fupport it. However^ 
«' were it thrown out of the Neiv Tejlamenty as nc;- 
•^ ver. having been originally in it^ docs the Doo- 
«^ trine of the Txinity fuffer any thirig by it ? The 
«< Scripture Doftrineof the Tr/«i/y ftands unftialQeaj 
*« founded upon Paflages abbot which there is 119 
<« Queftion. . And the moft that can W.faid v^ 
«* that no Man has a Right to ufe this f)iuticula^ 
*« Paflage to eftabnfti a Dodrine which may be 
«^ otherwife proved beyond Difpute, fronrmconcdQ^ 
*« ed Places of the Nev) tefiamentl- So that grant- 
ing the Objedtion ia^all itsPorce (tho% in reality^ 
it has very httle Foundation) *^.yet as the various 
" Readings in Livyy or ^ully^ do^ not make the 
«« Hiftory of the one, or the iPhildfophy of the 
** other frecariousj, fo* neither do they the Text of 
<^ the 2few 7ejlament in , any « of its Dodrioes or 
*« Inftitutions. r ' / ' - 

A farther Coniideratibn which our Author 
oppofes' to this^ Branch of the Obje(5Uon is That 
there, ar^ mapy Means by which Men of tolerable 
Abilities can difcover the true original Words, ancj^ 
diftihguifh them from the Faults of Cbrruptera of 
Tranfcri^er^. Thcfe M^ns he fpecifies, and thea 
d^HiancJs, Whether that renders the facred Author^s 
iTeiit 'precarious and uncertain, which may be i^ 
eafify correded and fet right ? ^ 

Thef^ is another Objeftion, againfl all Revelalion^ 
taken from the Latenefs of it, which the Dodor 
undertakes to anfwer. He endeavours to enisrvate 
it by four Oblervations/ I wilJ take notice only 
of the fecond, where he alms to fhcw the Imprq\ 
priety of its being given fo early ^ as thfi Objeftiont 
luppofes^it ought to' hiave been. *^ Per)iaps.** fay« 
he, *5 we may be ^blq to fe^ apUniitnefe of ^ime^ 
•^ cfyen in the Suppofitipn of a ftafiding Revelation'^ 
"^ being given to Mari. ^or if we may conjco^ 
*^/tUire|i-6m wjiat,^^ in the firfta 

^ A|^ 'dfthc World; fuch Revelation mull have 
"' ' [^ depended 

Digitized by 


I4P Tie W01.KS ^the LcAkNED. Art. g& 

^ depended on or^TradiHim^ and in courlfc ie 
^^ muft have been Ikble to all the Interruptions, 
f( Additiones Akemtion?, and Corropiions, diat 
^ that Method of Conveyance isjuftly chargeablp 
^* with. Wfi 'fte how early that important Doc-^ 
♦^ trine, tlie Unify of God^ was confounded all over 
«v the WiMrld, except in* one Family 5 and even ia 
♦* ihat it was fciarcely prcferved, notwithftanding* 
^ the EvidAioe of chat Dodtrine was fo miraculoui^ 
¥^^ ly pfomid m the Jem. When we reafon about 
f* Things which we can know little of, arid of 
^y which we can conjefture but with great Haza^' 
^ ahd Uncercainiy, 'we ought to proceed with grdat . 
V Circumfpeftioh. Ahe we 'competent Judges of 
^* ^bMt ^ime is beft and moft proper for God to; 
* grant bis Difpenfttions in? Bur if we will pre* 
^ fttme tx>conje<ftiire, we may with Reverence gueft^j" 
*« that that would be the moft proper Tinie, whctt 
<$ the greaieft Communication between Idea was 
*4 c^jea 5 wbfcn Q)mmer<re was fprcad ; when fome ,^ 
<^ onei Lar^nage wbs^town alm6ft (inivef&I} aodt'^ 
^ when Morality was undcfftood and taught. Sfcr "^ 
*« tho* natural Religion might be at thaf ^Trrf*^ 
<^ moch cQi>riq)ted5 and Jdokttry and Pohihtifin add 
<«' Sup$rftifion might prevail- very triucJh, yiet th^cT^ 
<« Evib mig^t a& fuffh a Time bcfir be cot^cAed^b^'' 
^' the Help of RevelMfumi znd Revtlamn' might ^ 
*« bA moft likely ix> be received, when gboil Morals"^ 
** wercftudied, and the Caufes of this Corrliaprrort ^ 
H GQuid^ be difplayed . Imagine any one Natiop fo ^, 
^« be open Avowen of the Uiilty ot God, and' ve-"^ 
*^ ry -many^ of- its Pedple, through any^ J^c^foirLp 
<f v^ry much difperfed overthe WoHd,-/Supikiit'. 
«< too, that the learned'IVtcn of dthef ,^iti<m$ had -^ 
«:c«i^hl the* N«cie«ey of |:(^&i^wDf^i[BehaVlbtiry'^^ 
« Socictyi to private Happtftcfei' topteil^''W^ 
•^ Gods ; and thus the Way to hScv^e bWh iJateff^Or'' 
« friiiRHi^brtL in the midft (if ^aH ^hfeSr^ torrdptj- ^ 

Digitized by 


j^T%g. For AU GV ST, 1740. 141 

^« ons: And then fuppqfc ji JUrdarion gtycn to fe- 
«« veral Meo, and ,t!^ey.,to tr^Tcl the Wiorid in or- 
«« der to prppag^tc if. -r-rrr 7i&»/(hoirid feem the 
*^ time, and /i^^yi the flirfi^j^ftmc^ii. wfeidi fliouM 
<< (;qncur^ to ma^^e it c^o^a>^e «p gt«e a Rflfvela^ 
** tion. 

I do not deOgqi thU Qupjtation (b miAdl for the 
Refers Infornf^tkm t^ ^ Sal;^ that hai of late 
been fo weU ^nd ofji^t^ h,an(})<ed» lh»i he can hard*' 
ly bq ignorant of ii^ 99 to g|viB; hiiQ an Qpportnaitjr 
c^ comparing w^atpi^r AHt^or a«d other Writersr 
fc|avc ff id thereupon. . 

/ 1 pro^ee^ to anpt^i|?r CH)jfiftipn Pii^; jj)^ employs^ 
i^^ielf fi^rfifutir^ s^nd th^t ^onc«rA9 the Q^y^iii^'/f 
4^ the Places in which Jlswlatinn anp always givenr« 
AlliPre^nder^ toRore^fiioftr^ve tba Gitt^ and 
chjiii^ to (::oftgrni iY^ft('(t^]r %t by. Miracles 6m€'m 
l^tlj^^pbj^ure Villag^s^ w^r<;.CpQiitry fieopleareea^ 
C^'^jv^kd Qiu ^* Why .wer<8 wc the Mimcles of 
*t Jciius^ e^g. dpfteioPiac;^ wh«» they were nwft 
<VMe]iy, fo.59 w(j}i.fifted> .i»|id. fe bi moft clwriy 
«f,]i|r&a oy^r tb? JJpm^ki*. Tp thia loar Author 

bfelpi^^^ ^' ^'^^^ ^"ft nccea^Mfily be done 
i]i,)[^c;;^rUc;qI^ Pl^^^ And a Fa^ is not the 
nMJw, M ,4^^ tjuQ, for ^ Plftoe it' is done m. If 
th^^l^^dts t^pfffqi^ WW ^^WWf the cestain Confe- 
qu¥nf;^.:9f,t![)e^i^a^^ f^i^hU^biA 9^ the FaAs 

^^.,y^ef$ifalf^^ vf^ t)iii? (;>pi.tal pf a^^tfatandpo- 
t^n^^jNi^Dpnf ^nd di? 7^^^ ^"^ <h^ Tai»jt of |efiis, 
wefif..f3i^ either im jfkfi^re. or a9 igi»of?#irifBeoplc : 

MMf^mi^sM it li^d bpw dwe in a©y ojl^erPafC 

" !th?. Truth is^ wJti^iSvA .Fafl: js.«s^!}^.d«ie» 
«• th^ rcrfons that fee it done, if Pcrfons of Abili- 
- - - ' •♦My, 

Digitized by 


142 ST^WORKSg^/iJ^LEAFKED. Aft. g. 

«* tf, are filffidttit Evidence, and all others nraft 
•* depend bh «hft Tefllitnon^ of thbfc ifho few what 
•* w»» d6ne;*i-!-Of eHynothlfig afl^ite4 
«»'10i b«wh«t#eftteowrftlVts. 
t>' Vatferdtfellfirtaclfes of Chr^ be dohe mobftitire 
yiill^tej -^AiiSf the Doftdr fays. Can bene ^ib&i.- 
Mfe Obki^idh d^ft-Che!^H^lati6n ifiade bj^ Kihnu 
W^\9 XpoMti i beeaAfe thdyli^ likewtfe thtlSjfim 
. feli#*W/iW«y/ Arid thdfe Prmmorh\3eai^Mkm^ot 
^&mitig'EMkcef -and Being eonfirmed br l^i^sT 
•-i-t^TiM to^'foffidtirit Proof krf their harifife^tx- 
MOrdiniUt Afl^ancai ; arid '!P they aref r^^)i|edf; 
Ml have wfcmghirMiraclei bV lineitceptfonat^'Wit- 
lier&i, vAe cahnoT iuftr]ritnife''AiKnt to ftdlfi:iBb-' 
famed -E^Wentfe*.' ■ •• '< "■- '-■ '■-;•'■ iH '* 
'A finfrth Olljectiofl bur AatHorohdcitalMs «!^|ta- 
fiwfj'nBfifltt'frotn'the Mklte^'>df'the Tft^rfaflto; 
«hd the Marinef ih'wKith it is wrote. 'Yhfl^aiP 
Ittr^ k'- fteh, thatThcbtegers- are eonfttiin^ii to^^SP 
floy as ihaitf- ftlfe-anddifttc^t' Manners W l^tf^ 
ftHdtiiHt' as Art aAd ^ttidy blh inVqit. ^bmfSIa^ 
len* hit Attteralt tihcr^^r^i j^uiff^iA 
few Jor a ratHmai M^ahirig : Sotne wfll IA1 . 
cdMftrtiea (^wttUkfly ; ^attieh'typieitifyy oi!«fFffilf^ 
fMte ii^Jlkattjr. But btfiAiS'tftis,- -nHiidr^iewf^w 
ininttUigibJe ihetfanf, it>is^(«Aninfa^<%ht^|6»iI' 
fttiuw htive -been tn41efl]r diVided-1n^-0{^|6ii W6i{ 
ee^ery thing tnctirtdedto be derFiredTnoii^ iheftc^^--^ 
And as for tWMafterof the Citfiftisca^Rie4ehljS9n^ 
kisunworthfbf Odd. Sbm^ 'tfiihgs thetti^ tl^ 
foirialre Men ibMom/} 'ftrtne things ait 'ii!^r9K^ 
tt'Soeiify,' ail iMH<fing to make fnfyftrious' Pej^le 
/Mri and' (Mher tilings itripFy' an infihlof alXfianb;- * 
lerin Gefk^^kftfeff; -fticl^ ^te erentai tmSSftiitkti* 
h^ieted4» tfem^Ofitf ytJrteiii " ••■'"' - • -^ *'*• * 
:> Somei of <«iie f^tflfc^ Sti^a^ 6t^ 'ENffiy^l' 
Reply toU Ak t)bj«!6fctDn wre W follow t'^a^rc- 
ifewftce tdthc tarlwB Methods ofinicfj^ngScftl^ 
i-'- " . - turp. 

Digitized by 


Art 9-^ Far A V G V S T, 1740. 143 

01^ b^ iay$, ^« Wby flioutd w^ Wf m^^B^t^ the 
<< Scriptures a^^ we do Zi|^ PF Cf^#ii% w uy qthat 
. «^ bijf$ricai or Mor^ Wntor whatever? 'Wby ait 
<< pot che>{/Kr4//wJPar«^ the aiiwm0k ch«/^ 
<5 f4i^&W> &CQ be imrrprtmdt «i w tike Sorn ^f 
«« Speech a^-c in coirHnon Books? And if iio ooe 
«< iCvar nuftopk tjie Diftin^pQ l^e^viact %h^ t^tui^ 
^ aivl S$k'u of a (^wr, wjbusfi Ck$r^ makes ihK 
*^<. Qi||in«gi;im^ Turely k^4 a» eitfy to uodnrftaiid 
«< ^ frme ExprefSoQ ia St P^i^/, If a fDaoner 9f 
<'^ J^yff^ipn liji tbf; iacred Books is(. ir#ri or oaM* 
^ :#f^ tbro4g|b, bur Jyiorancc ^ Laogu«^ i^r 
^'^ VJooftrudton \ this imot onoce. tbaa what is con^ 
*V^Wfw IP propbaoc WrkwH vboft Mano^r rf 
** l^preffion fn!quently puzzles their ,9iQ^iV»af|fl 

JU fpi: tbe piyi(]pi»«(nong qhrillHuif about tf*^ 
^v flrif«ff iWWfe ^ mitmm d«r}»pcl (rwi 
Hcrdiaaoii; tbts Fad 4& own^d. t|n4^tbe Rfiafqn «€ 
it^tb^Dpaor tplUijViH << No| ^at thei^ j&n 
<f, ^l^rcaKT Obfiwitv Iff tb^ iapre^ ,Wrjfer« tjian thcie 
^ J»fi| pc))«r Bo(4f^i^ Mit ch^ Men of differaii 

^ SS^Vm* Sedj^ r/6ii4 and cqiuni^^ipc.oa tbetti. 
^. IhnrliiriQg ffi /^ IS^os which they M iisi« 
V^ bftm, or which hay^ b^n. ^n[^K)fe4 00 tiwni a 
^ im4 ioi^tcadof fi^aich^^be Scr^ifmes ii? ordec 
\ "^ CO fidDd ou( wha/t is declared |n th^, (hey oAly. 
^ kiwic £br ,:&yi4cpp^ 10 c^4«i^ w i»fti^y *cir Prt* 
ffiulkfu ■ > J Butyctt. it is QQtpaly. to4iulUk« xha 
Vj^nsa^Eod of Rcvclatioii > a^d xhcre has bMn 
« tery li$tif» if apy Qi^fiecence acn9Pg Quriftiaiif ^ 
s« idi^t^ GockUicM qi.iife be oot uoiMerfaliy^ce- 
^ 4|msd^ The iBR^ral N^iyes fo iCvOfKlQef}, iuch 

^\ mmfifi^ P^ m GUk aAd in (:i^^Tbefe«re 
<' 09|t)MSufa^of DcUteaai^^ 

!* af^Q!9<f<pi; Qf iif (^ipp« >f ^ >apie» ^ 

L ** have 

Digitized by 


144 ■ ^^ Works of the Learned. ' Att:^' 

« b^ve b«en; about the A^des, ^hith inquffitive 

/ «*" Men hay^ojrerrCWOU%^jp^7*4 int(V,w(A^»rs)a4 

. "'TKeDcid^orju^ii^roWerYf^ 
rhote tiohcei-ns Revelation ^zx\ it does »<i/»r<2/ ReU» 

;.h , •:::.. •.- .\' r, v,'\ ^-^ 

* f 

Digitized by 


Ait.'9r F<!r A U Q U S Tp; 17^*. fi^5^ 

-v— d 

L 2 

Digitized by 

*' Objcc- 


14^ 1Z?5(f..]^9iR|CS e^f^ IlilAHNBD. Att»9, 

•i'<^i!aii8ti'(Q:pp6k»^iii^^ wad 

**t conchufidboi^uio'tfaiD IiJ^:tv|)iQ|i. wei;iaye ot pod j. 

«' ford "Settfeiapc^a lii jfiii)flJ<|;e,,iT»hi?o.,, if; ^,"capabie 
<*^ of d^ kpwiiioh^j ttepeljraWjd^ftrpy^the Cfedit o* 

— .id 
-« t 

sec t 

" tion .of la» Objcftiprirftgai^jft^^ t^^e^^ add, 'y hri- 
ftian R^y^latioos, d«jrtvn,if^^^ of 

Tweribg ' is^ Ptea ogaiqft thi5 c i^aw, of H(^e^%. taken 
from HoM AN^ SAcniiPirfiEft .f«ppo^ed tp Have been 
appointed in it, and^froqi 5he Command to de» 


Digitized by 


Art.^. Fior^ AUGUST^ 1740. 147, 

ftroy uUerhf fhefevenNdti^f. Wfii^'^e^^ to'm 
/ifft of theft; bur AUtii»rT|laceft 1^4i)bj^fMr9^ 
itarfbrcfe, tod Ae^ttHaiJgbi colifidc^oifefo^j^^ 
whWiiTup|Jbft<!ttd ^SMMh {htDEobtOum^ ^ it. 

{(I '8ftler^; to H'^^dtir Mt^vMt'iiia^^^^e^ of 

aning of ijie< .Yfirfcv 

R::ry^0Tfi}rv»Kb!9 U^givw 
redetimc4i)i(|jyi£ dying 
^. No^tb^t^ g^I be 
i int«ir<ttQor4}flary^ 
heryibu^z^iflt?^/ not 
«jr^rdtaifte^ i^ita^ our 
fyibe^pitt tO; d^th: 
wtriy ftbc t'ifi^.^^ obe 
Aiid: i^l^etii^. ^ppof- 
bf the i^wacte/ifKr, 

^re » inof Word ip fclifc 

t- orrgtteil W^ds do 

thing/ tnote^rlwB the 

" .Perron's ^j'/^g el natural dedthy iTm& .when 

^^^ -/iyiiwpot only continu^AmxBiing/nteftjriiundred 
;««/^»^s ^ftfer'trif«rS»hlfcnic5e was paffedibirt died x 
^^^attifiikibeBb: '4o a^ifl, wbenF jthe Nuinbers ot 
f -/7?^«>cf^ takaw4rt-t^ of JM^^,. Numb. 

-j- Lfvit. xxvii. 29. 

L 3 '* xxvf. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

148' 23<fWoi|KS of /^<? Learned. Art. 9. 
*'w'^^^V.^<^'- ^ri?(f^^».;^'"«>'J^y^ *i>ertwas: not a 

Digitized by 





ivxutncr s 


Art;9i -For A tJ G U S T, 1740. 149 

L 4 Author 

y Google 

Digitized by > 

150 7ifWbii'its?fi*?LEAR»E». Aft. 9. 
A«thM#i«iiii!^lhao'7^?W*«iviiryoofcqucnce of his 
Vo#i«%«liick)ok^ge*to jiJ»jR^i(;EteiiBbter,;. or of- 

donei^iiXKitw^ilbaota oid;^(tond(svo(et;fal<'dto be « 
one of human Satrifices, is.rtbsb «Bfi jdfeasg, ^wl»ra* 

heP'Hik ,doiwiri«ff Offier fflmJrflSnn'c^it-thfe Wfii 
«titf*<?>'ij^* rdr/^f ^/fa«Wlwitfntt-«^ But.0nlj5i:*l« 
}*n^y«l*/^«jWav((dia*<i?>(i8 pwcesi -^^khrtfi^efeii^ 
•ttt;ft«rrtWkB^v«Cin- the JRe#»«i ^HGfflfei-49fii(5!ri^ 

th^«h«n: ^aei^d aenliAldiF tioGli^diflvodit^ish^ 

**'-bt^^if^>mjMsc»> k»falirdie.lMd^:i)B/dy*Wk!bh 
^■' ti«Wft^h«iteVib'dofifc in. a ^fUfibr>«iknrtlie Altff 

' V lAl^Mf f ifQtence^to^lie IHt^eHdCHifm i^Ar jl9^DdHtf 

JdW tih«'titft«PEfelw«aWnxff theih«<idiJheb^l|»NI>M^ 

tanfi' t(niii^i^pr0TC'riM?Fraflac«v«^^ 

iHfejfe, to'^bft'ieekiforonible totlic iPitcepte.-;!' -.But 

-^fefeft'life ttiafct&iit-ap|iiMrv that i3tefe Natiow -wert «o 

k« ty ¥ftd' fioWflhtittwat? wati t»be jteftnyx*^-* '^^ 
»« there was not any fuch Maffibcr^ 1* i& iit»/lg»«^- 

f Dia/. x:L' 16, 17. vli. 1—5; '^:'itimL xxxilf. 51—53. 

** cd. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

Acug^ F«r A U G U S T< 1749. 151 
*« ed.^ Aod to pmve iUlv ^ her.ihfam) |^lMiti]r«^ 
«<^^ Tba( nd^ 79l&K«». not! ittf]rloqf<(th«.^«/[i(ffV 
«« naineiiowas.tricyweffi». n<»- *fc»wrt/^nyr iMmtf; 
<• tibt ^k/mmk, nor:' otbns «6aoAiii^v«vtB:iHidRr>f.. 
<» fiM^tUsfe Wonds o^ tli6 LmK itt (ilc^ ^ 3e«fe4ll 
(« to imagine, diat thi^ «teet4bUigod^t« ,<aili 0^ 
««.>«ifle|y^^bal(rf :diflfe>Natlaii%t«liCBttv<il)ihfcy4)e* 
(« e<(fife,blj^>tDdKtai. ' •-' ' .1;.. ,.r 

' A-Calcy wtadi^or ikunfaor iDoAESii^NHitaa ,dKa« £cra«r of iib.OliiiBOii^ is:4hat iQf i&%^ tb« 
^UiiPi^ %Sam,xiii^ J3lM)iJiVCri»e^ xh» <o()^ 

i^l^ai»y God hiknfelft ^iKiiiiit)ia»iMlit^ he,«t«s.aC 

Ood'inttlidediaot d»t<th*ii»diitidu^l« «f tWrcli^ 
t«cn»flMaidbedca«oydd.> BotrvlMiayeff <»iH^«w)wqr 
ini^diltiliKif itvifteqiti^ a^belMiiptilit, !is.i)opqir 

(IteW Adv<i)rd{eeiiybi»D«Ati«e^C«ibi«l(i AOCWii^ 
f{ki^i|iB)inii)r4)e^yrat7 geodlMeL>v;irm«(i-i^4i?jnB 

ibiAt^MmibeiettihnMnodavilBiiirbr n9n«lo{»g|k 
d&dKidlbiwt|^hf^fvXi£^ wfait^thft VtfiSm^'mkmm 

^flfii%(0t»«^i3n<flocoi|i^oi.i^ ^Apt^Qf&tiK^nd'M* 

ib'obttioia^Raaifakiii i;hatifaci?riAtkiDifiMiiKt.F«Kiiidak 

Ud^dKbfcBivlott UtaaeA^i qb jMsSidt «£()<£ Quft>- 

ft}^ afitmtteaehfii-i} Aid i)oiM£»iG(ifl»($ w««)4Mv« 

lwki'aiide(lMR^\Mvif they i«)r6:Mi,tlCq<l«tAWS 
iMd<ioai]cait]ed «itf«^i&ftortQ46!llb^«Ml,^w^M«) 
-ifiitrfa^»kioed% iuatr fliotiU. kiU :biq\i^i|ti& ItiUm 
'WotaM^ dttQiedi a MMrdcitr,:riuid .^lt> iVi^-M^ - 
'6ft-didg)]^^ Kdr ivnwddit i6i«iMil»(9r«itfe,witb the 
Eftieinkmsr-irf JoAiot bi^fel^ /(ho^ld bp Q»f <h(B 
^i^wd'PeHbiiiin cnyothar.Manoeritbsuv the Law 
titi^k), (otii&r xnj other Cadit Am that «f vlucfa 

: A90ther, Oooiideratioiw which indeed feemf to 
juftify Vr.Sykes's Expofiticm of this Law relating 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

1^2 The Works of the Learned. Art. 9^ 






Digitized by 



^Art. 9. 'Por A' U G XJ ST, ^740. i 


Digitized by 


154 ^fWojLKioftbehMA^ntlt. ^itf'i 
«• Favouh, tho* they wprc nof toluvcbeen ic- 
«' c^iv^,j^4i^( 9r Fri?p^. 
:..Itniay,.bcfijidj.sM»dMr.XtfC&r^ ha? faid, that 
♦^ It^ Fiwd*,ffif # lUw* ye very cxprefs. Dent. 
i!* :*Xf '/5»i f^vy^mm C^^en Nations arc except- 

poiig thofe, whp 
J ;hey fubmkted. 

:?! betweou cotp- 
; tjeflypycd, le|lit 

wip to IcJoUtry, 

T p, wttcfJyQcftfojf- 

, fuid cpnTpruwcI 
)r?, l^ad Af^ff 
jld have c>w^ 

5 left ^<| Q^^^Ow 

.r. .Tfe4sjpf»fesy?txi>)s^^l^49,v h^wsra, jw^vijlv?'' 

^•fv.M >ttie wtcjljgjpt JleadgR jj^ feJ??d .,tft ^CA*^ 
,.« !»»)« .Kjf fp:clupg-;an^,p^y33PJV'¥« HW^tir 

.,»« ^nftft aj^y fpjpt.. . P/a^icci^jifiU , ,Q|fcen <totei;Mie 
if*,, thp Ml»*»ing (g^. ^R .p^)^re;|vaYJ ,.4a^^W|^e 
v^ prefent Cw> v«' haye i^i^ce?. % Jfff^vfi^ 
ifi' «/«<? [Y»rs Jd^^, ' of what ,fhe, ^^^ii^, ..^ ]|^ 
V , thefe y^i^mon? i Which w » Qwwnqf9^,,fe 
f cieW' to ibew^ .us, h9«r they .ona!;5W!4,4t| 

= But ftiU \t ias, been ntgc^, " Jl^at the y«T 

,*« Nature ^nd pbli^tipp pt the Vow wI^H t^i 

** Hebrews call Hberetttt is, that Eneniies. 4eY0C^ 

«« in that. Form were all ,to he /^/>f, Vid. J>vtr. 

*« xjivii. 9>9* Aod tl>? ipYBB Nat|oo» were fp dp- 

« voted." 

Digitized by 


Art. 9, -^V A y G V S T. 1740. 155 

ed Hherem. a. Becaufe People that merifMDt- 
mm^^^^f^ J^^ij^^iil^c'^o M^roach and Con- 

■m^'M^:f-''--^ '''■- •-'•■■ 

•"an*''W''ut)dn tlW"wft&k dur Author afltS, 
•• Wfirir'^rtJii^claiotilli'ifeeh: to imagine, that Per- 
- -^:" «-for» 

Digitized by 


156 TbeWoM^s of tbeLi^AK^tD. Art. 9. 

^ fons given to the Lord were ever flain or facri- 
*^ ficed ? What one Place. intimates* fuch a Cu- 
«' ftom in the Sacred Wfirings ? And What an 
«« Abufe muft that be, to niaintain a Notion, 
<^ which hasQOtthe leaft Foundation in Word, or 
•* Thing, in any Paflage of the Scriptures, in or- 
<^ dcr to ddp^iatf ^ Book which contain| tlie 
«« ftrongcft and bcft*iIotivrt to yirhte arid 79mK 
*^ that ever were laid before Mankind, 

Jitji fuJfUfi^i h }. Robinson, at tb$ Golden Li- 
on in Ludgate-Street, near St. Paul's, 

( Pnrf ta.) 



Mr. POP £'s 

-From the 

MifreprefentatfOQs of M. Je Cton^^ ProSrflbr of 
Philofophjr and Mathematicks in the*UmveriH:]r 
of Laujimiie. Infeven Letters. 

}^ William War burton, M. A. Chaplamto 
bis Royal Higlmefs die Prince of /T^^L £f« 

N, B. ^be fiventb Letter is to be had alone. 


Digitized by 




O F T H E 

iVOkKSofthe LBARHkD, 

For SEPTEMBER, 1740. 

A k t I c 




iie^eftion af the Pretedency of the Peer* 
^Ireland in En^nd. fairly JtateA In a 
Letter to ift Eh|li{h jLord, \ by m fifbleman 
9f the other Kingdom. Printed at Eiublin, 
onL SM 61 C. Corbet, ai Addifon's ^ead^, 
i0qfitiSt.bmikn^^ pt ]^reet|freel4 

London* 1739* Oifavo. Pages 110. 

HE Claim of the Peers of Ireland 
having beeo admitted ufwitbe Occafi^: 
on of t:be Eroedl^OYi at.ihe JFuDeral of 
her late Majefty .Queen JCUrSney in 
which they were allowed the Place and ' 

Hank which they had ever before enjoyed, it may. 

fecm fomewha^unneotflary, our EdfCiDrfay$, at thi^ 

time, to publi(h any thing relating to this DiHpute. 

Bat, as many other Occafions may. happen of nc^ 
■ M Cerei 

Digitized by 


I58 Tbe^OfLKsofthehnAKJi^ED. Att. i6\t 

Ceremony, in which the fame great Perfons may be 
concerned, it cannot be improper to fliew this Ar- 
gument 'in its full Force,, whicn will inevitably take' 
away all Occafioh or Pretence to repine at that De- 
tertninatfen, which has been fo wifely made, in z 
Matter neve;4 as he thinks, to haVe been contefted^ 
if ithadb^en ti-uly uttderftood. 

This Fi^ce eonfifts of tho(e Paper^ which were 
prefente^ to his preferit Majefty, by the Peers of 
Ireland^ in Vindicatioa of tfteir Rights, together 
with fomb aclditional Pr.ecedents, which for wapt qt 
Time could not' be then colle'fted 5 followed, by t^e 
noble Author's, Refleftions and Reafoning^ there- 
upon. [ _ ., ^, ,,v ,J 

The Papers addreffed to tke King, inclv^dca* 
'Memoritif prefented by the fearl of Egmonty upon 
the fecond of November 1733^1. in ^hc» NaiW,/»aod 
on the Behalf* bf the Peers oi^ Ireland^ ^POP- ^t* 
Occafion of the Solemnity of the Marriage o^ his- 
ferene Highrtefs the Prince of Orange with the Prin- 
cefs Royal, attended wjith'a'Collefbon of InftMccs, 
produced for Maintenance of the Right.v^'hich the 
Metporial aflerts : The Authoritiies wher^ori t]^efii 
are founded are fet down urjqr the r^Jpefitlye^Pagesvi. 
and diftindlly referred to. '. . ' ' , y, . ,\ ^ .-. 

The Memorial is divided into thitie Parts, ^wfiiclv 
feparate the Inftances into fo many Clafle§i each 
Partition of the Memorial being fpllo,Wc4 by thofii 
Inftances whi(!hferve to enforoe it. The firft Rank 
of Inftances prove the Crown to be the Fpqntairiiof 
all Honour,' and that the King^ of Etiglflj^ ^ve 
ever determined all Matters of Precedency. . T^ey 
are defigned to ftianifeft, as fhe Memorial exprofefr 
it, " That this Pre-eminence is not dependent pa 
, *« the Nature of arty Order of Nobility j bUt that 
« it ismerdy temporary, ^and at the difpofal of jiie 
«' Soveraign/' Tte fecpnd Set of Inftancfs are in 
Juftification of this particular Claim, of the Irijh 

Peers v 

Digitized by 


Art. i^.F^t SEPTEMBER, 1740; 159 

Peers > eviijcing the Right for which i;hey pJead, 
by numerous Examples of its havii]© Ibe^en .a^^aUy 
allowed them. The thirii $9r(; of Jnft^t^ces are cal^ 
culated for obviating certain pbjeftions tM may be 
pppofcd to their Pretenfions. 1 h^ve her?untp fiib- 
joined divers of the fecond^Sort of. Jfi;e^.dent$, o- 
mitcing theReference^ to the Ojr.^inals Jfif0|n whence 
they a^e extradledrfThpfe^arc not pnly $pf ciqjens 
of the Work before u?, ihewing hpw;: well our no- 
t)le Aiithor has proved his PQJnt, b^tjare Fragnjients 
of Hiftory^ the Knowledge pf wbif h will upt be 
unaccq)table to a Qurious Reader. 

** In the famous Charter of the Liberties of .^ijg- 
*' hndj called the Magm Chart^^ granted by Kifag, 
** Jobn^ not many Xear^ ^fter the Acquifuipn pi 
** Ireland, hy the Kings of En^wd^ Ihnry kx(^ 
<« bifliop of BublH figne^ immediately after the 
*•. Archbifhop of Canter hry, and before .^l other 
'^^' ti^trji of England. . . - 

*<- Jn. the Niufter of Soldiers, ia the Voyage of 
^ Normandy^ before the Town of Cpilah^ in tlie 
«^ lt\k of Edward III. the Irijh Ear] of Ji^ildare 
•• w^^ ranked immediately aftef Hajlings Earl of 
** PenAMCj atfd before the Biftxpp of Durham^ 
*« and the jE»g/^ Barpns, ^t^ffordy f^lbot^ fucc. 
** Athongthoi?^ knighted at the CotQ^atign of £rf* 
*« ivardY. ihtlri/h Ead of Ormond h^d. Prece* 
*f dcpcy before the Lotds SuUon^ Grey oi Rutben^ 
^ and other Englijh Lords. 
*' " In the 9th of Henry VIL 1497, Tbowas-M^rl 
** of Ormond^ being fummoned only as an Englijh 
« 'Baron, did ne^ertfaelefs take Place of all the 
«* Engliflf Barons of older Creation. And of the 
«< fame Nature there are many other Inftaqces. 

•' At an Interview between T^j[)g Henry VIJL 
** and the French King, the Irijb Earl qf Jpld^re 
*« took Place of the EnsiUJb Peers of inferior Qua- 
^Mity. - ^ ^ 

M 2 '* Among 

Digitized by 


«jdO' 5^:WoB.KS^/*^ Learned. Art. id. 

. ■ ^« Among thfe Knighes of Ac Batb^ made at 
^* the Corohiifrdn of King' Bdnvard VI. F^Uuary 
<^ riie 20th, '1^46, the /jri/a Earl of Ofm$nd vfz,^ 
*^ placed n^xt after the Eari of Osford^^nA before 
^'^^ the Lords MulfravifK tiiUot^ Strange^ Her^irty 
'" Lyfe, Cr oilmen^' Hafthp^ &c. 
' ** In k Letter frbm CouAcil>, ndrifying the Death 
'*« '6f (Wech EUzabety td the Lord £w;r<?, ajid the 
*' reft oF thd CommkTioncrSJ for negotiating the 
** Treaty ofSreme, the Irm E^r\^ of &Wtfr^ and 
^*« Clanrukar^ figned immediately after the Eari of 
** Lrncotn; 'M^'bdohtht JuOcd^Hdivard^L^Hdoft^ 
« Detawary &c. ' ' ' ' 

• * ^ At the Fundtil ' of ^Jticfen Elizabetb^ the Mar- 
*<« chionefs of Nch^tbampiorfwiiis chfef Mourner, 
'** fupportcd by the Lord-Treafurer and the Earl of 
«« Nottingham ; her Train was^borne by' the Cbim- 
^<\tXs otO>cf<frdi And'the-Countefs oi NoM^m- 
^\ hrland, aflifted bythe Vioe-ChamberWin; Theit 
*« were fixtech Oountefles Affiftant ^to^thfe chief 
«« Mourner, ' among whom were the w6 Iri/b 
*-< Countdffes df Kildare and Chnrick^fd^ ^ 

•« At the Funeral of Queen Anne ^f^<DBnmirky 
<< Wife td^ King Jatn^i h the St&tifiM^c^ of 
*< Hamilton had Place immediately after thi Mir- 
<*^ qdis of Buckingham^ and before the Earl»of iO^: 
^''ford\ andi the /fiy& Earis of CJaf&icka^d %nA 
« C^/^-j8>v^' had' Precedence iiif Afc jProccffion' 
«< next after thd Eati of Devtnjbitei and bfeford thd 
<^' Vifcpunts artcj the reft of the £*rfr>& --Nobi- 

^-'"lAtrl '^ '''"* ' - ■'■/^' ■ /• ' : } I . ' 

'- ii Yh^ iJwiv^ Countefe of i?5^w^^ and the Irifs 
«• Cotirttefi of 'KiUare^ 'hkd lifk^^ife Placeafter 
'i.^ the Coiint6& xX" Devuf^ottt^' before 'the •Lady' 
^"^ Bav>henfi^y\iiiit'^\ tht Bftgtifb Nobilit]^ of^mfc- 

J* rior Rank. 

Digitized by 

« The 

Google ' 

Art 10. For SEPTEMBER, 1740, 161, 

*' The Lady Ophalia, Wife t6 the'eWeft Scat of 
.*' the Earl pf M^tldat^ey had Ji|s:e^4fe PUpe ^accord- 
,^^ log to her Qii^ th^ Erofipflicjq. , j' . 

At the Creation qf ^i^rUji Princef of /?^%t ^- 
terwprds King Cbarksl, X\\^^4!^i0^^fif^^v€mber^ t^e 
• , f 4A of 7^W^^^ I- ^Wkft^H^^^^^ l^re ,\ya^ a Coij- 
teft raifed conceroiiiig £J^e^^p^lh%l|it3g^,t^ \^,itne(fts 
ttgr^; Patent of the, ^xln^tnQlWflifif^^^^^ 
iC9fpmg%^ Glekk of thciiCi^pNyp^ Tefuftpg.tq,f^t ^theiw 
jdQw^ wthowtthOiApiwirffj^pqOiQHhe^.fylarO^^^ . 
- Thq'C^ftiaPivw^ fiiWi .. 

,' L, Wfe/eiher the E^rl) (4, 4^n^^ ^Qg MaKfh^l 
^fet thft Ihj^ fcoiUd 4gn ^ 54^&fl« .^r as a^ Earl 
according ,to hii Antiquity.'? 

dWinWhethcx the ^mch^^ki^ ofLi^o^^ being 
Ef^vl^af Rkhmoni An.,^.M^l^nd^ -^osld %n, with 
Pr^jC^ll^^qy^ asD^jippfi i^i«?;f, ..aijGirefgnT^^^^ or- 
^wEitf^/Of jR/f<>ffiM^4.? f . : 

-♦i.J[iJ* Whether, the gotis^ of E^rls, ,wbo were.Ba- 
^onSiby Wri«;or Paj:e«iti| Should hqld. tjheijr Places as 
VifcQWJjts^ accwdinft to.theij: Birth, or; ^as Borons, 
"J^Wprdi^ CQi their.jglac^ain Parliaoaeht ? 

As to tjhe'firft Q3?fti<Hi ^t was declared, that the 
^Easd^iiof ^^^»4W $^ ^ave Place as Marfliaf. 
*', dft4;:ta/ll|R.fecond0jndthif4QiJ^ft9?"?> itw4§de- 

rvi.t.Xhgti the. feid.Pwke c^f Lenqx ;Aould figa 
^OTth fVeipftdsppy a%a.bu|:e, the* t^y a , foreign Tir ^ 
thyitndiin Jtiongjun merely titular xn.Mn^nd^ . . 
/! J lit That the elded Sqns. of $ar|s^ thp' Baron? 
^^P|Lrl3bm^0C> fepul4 ?l^ve precedence: by the tir 
tular Hqnopr of •Vifcounts, and not as Karons,: ^ 
Eotaftrlttdir sisfu^ Peef:§, ,tlho' they fif.^d jiayc J^rc- 
t33(fcnfi£ int Parli^Pf^nti aflcor4ing, tp tHetr ^aronies ; J^|rg©y,and ataJi.qth?r>ic?tii^, thpy ou^h^; 
toihaw Ptectfc^c^a^tq^the Digajty ojf tlicir Birtfc 
and Title, ^ .. 

r M 3 An4 

Digitized by 


i6a The WoitKs of the Leahned, Art. lou 

And accordingly th6 {aid Sioieb Duke of Lenox 
took Place *f all the JBng/i;(& Earls, and the Scdtch 
Vifcount Fentm of all the Englijh Btfliops and Ba- 
rons, withHke Pitccdcncy to all the reft, According 
to this DeterHfiiD^tion. 

^\ On Friday th^ 2 /^\ioi March 162^0^ there was 
*^ a grand'Tournament^ the Procdlioii began frdm 
•^ Denmark JdxMt m the Strand: Prince Cbatlef^ 
*^ w1k> was one of the Juftors^ went firft, fottowed 
^ according ta their feveral iWedcnces by ihe'refk 
*^ of the Cdrabatimsi mz. nexrio the Prince, the 
*' Marquis oi Budcixgbam^ E»rlFof Lincoln vltA Dor- 
** fit % and?thcnf the Jr'^ Bari ot Defmmd^ bcfcre 
*' the jE/igiif6 Lords Waideffi Qmpfm^' Str^&pi'mA 
*' Qcrard.^ .{•••.'• .;n/r-'.' '• ■'^- '.-wo " 

^« . Id the Powers grve^ by Kirig '5W«fi?/ li to^en, 
*^ tain Lords tO:fig|ntiieTreatyAi Marri^e^ffhi^" 
" Son Prince Ci?^i<fi with iriibJnfkntal of Spdhy the 
^- l^ords are fettdawii accordmg to ^ theif ''refpedlive 
** Precedencies, and the ir^^i'Vifcciant Grtmdifoh 
* J ^ is there pldcfed above all ;the ^i^/f/ibBatCHis.- 1 
. *^ AttlieFuncialtrfKiog^f'^^^jLtbe Vifi^^ 
*^ Qrandifo^' and f^aientla- darried^ tfeoBanndrs of 
*' Jr eland '^^SLtdtht Smch and /fi/aPtersapwcdde^^ 
•' according to their Degrees, nexttieft)ia5it?tos>ife^'* 
'* ipedtive Degr^s of the^'£j*|5/(^r . ^ « .^ r': 18 

♦^ At'tbc Funei^l of Kii% Cbatits Iliidie *lobi*ic/ 
«^ of the thteeKingdtras.'waifc'ed iaPrbceffi6h,''atH> 
*« conding tothePrecederKtebfcfope obfenr^d > .^^ 
. *^At . the publick Entry of iRiaig^i/Aiwrlll. tfam^i 
*^» London to the Pllacc ts^' ff^bittbati^ m Tuefi:/uy 
*4 the .i6th^ofN(h;embir l6s^, the NobilityiofiiaigH: 
*^ lana^Scdtla^dy a^di/i^/iwii wctre^marlhaiiedaci^ 
«* cofdiiTg to their refpcftiv© Prcccdefjcks^ ' • '^ ' 
. «' lnthe'WxtRiMgatiiey»fti£(JuenthJr^a8krt&l tod' 
" m^ntamcd:tlkk'Right&'ii|dH:otreffionk made toSt; 
< ^ F^/'iy DM Accoom? of the Sucoeffes <kf the jB%- 
«« i/A Arms, 

'^ At 


db^ Google 

Artio« -R7rSEPTEMB^lR, 1740. 165 

. <* At the Funeral of King ff^illiam^ the Irifl> Peers 
^^ walked as fuch, and todc plaice of all Englifi 
5* Peers of inferior QjlaKtyv among ^otfaws^ th6 
** Lord Vifcount Widdfvr^ not theii a^Ple«i> of Eftg* 
>« /tf»^, had place of ajl the Engiijh^mom. ' * ' 
? ♦* At the Funefak of:thc;laoe Q^tn j^hHj tht Injh 
*^' Peeii$^w)aJkied> as fiidi' Viand ther /i^i^yl&Ifiaris.tdofe 
5f pJbce of the; E:^hp Vifcaupts, Btttbbs^ 6?^. m th^c 
^S Pnoccflion* Th« Kadl^ot AnirafP^ teiagalfo. an 

. .^ £iir^i/&'Bar(m^ batd'plkceva^ an. Earljiashad-alfb' 
^ theE^tflbf jS^Z/flOKioff^; and biB-I:^ady bad Mourn- 
.'^ ing. font ,1^ to iraUc ia a CkHtntefsi 
, Tite i^c^Ctaimancsi do^ this! Pan of their Re- 
moofltrance ivkh ^^eUing the King^ <<^ As to Prece- 
^* dents of this kuid, they are almoft innumerable 1 
^*j tbe-ChbBttM^Kdb id the ^imtr; from the earlteft 
^ ^jdies;f cheiBodcB <of the Council % and the Ori- 
^^.igilH^'^pmblid^ InOruEOonts of all ibrts, con- 
^^ taioi{ig'Prodfs iufficienr to fill whoje Volumes, if 
^ itV.were neccffary. to colledl them. 

The^laft*St«Qf Pfecedenus are, as I have already 
^Mtirved, oilculated to obriate an Objedion that 
had bBOBHoflHbred to invalidate their Pretenfions ; 
wltich^'Wap^ ^^ rrhat they have not walked in Coro- 

'^« ti3don$; bere. : 

But this, they tell his Majefty, -cannot be of any 
Eonce $gakft their ellabli£hed Right to walk in 
other Procttffiotis, fitice the Peers. of England j in 
that. Cafe, walk as Members oi die Engtijh Lcgi- 
jRature. Farther, that the brijb Peers do not walk, 
nor ever did walk, as Peers, at the Coronation of 
their. Kings, for tUs Reafbn, *.* That no King is 
f* crowned as Kif^ of Ireland^ 2Lfi Aft of Parlia- 
^« ment having been mado in Inland j in the Reign 
** qf 'King H^ry^ VI tL by which^ whoever is 
f' crowned' Kiog f^ Eingiaudj isdeebred to be, ip^ 
^« /bfaSl9^ JCmg of IrHMd, withooc further Cere- 

M 4 " mony. 

Digitized by 


1(54 25^^ Wt)VLK^offbe Learned.* Art. i<^. 

^« mbny.' Aii(3^ tWt' HMd' tUt Aar- bad paffcdi, 
'^ tlierd never 'had ;been' any^' Ctoroftation in -tfeailf 
^ 'Kingdom,' the' KWgs^fef Eitgtand beiri^ thdnpifi^ 
"^^^ vfeM With t?b fatb^Titte thar>that*«>f -LdrdSidF 

^' BitidcS, "jpfvifr antJ* aBorti^ «bis riegbtive. Arg»- 

^Ynent, they allc^^e bofltiv^yi thfardftJ^attyath^fib- 

Icnan Occafiok; 'tffa't ah bd'feWttmbi^t^, *ihey haVe 

rv^rbpenalliwtd^Afc Ptebedentycontettded for, — 

'That 1^ 0A^ tiPkWh^^ihmi^^^^^^ 

/r^/^V^haVe'bee/^jr'ahd^re'^nafli^' w tbi Pttece- 

dcricyheri* hieM6h6JJ ^^AfidirV'^H A^s of Parlia- 

'hi'ent, 'thi'i!:MiP;L<yt6^''^i^ efvcr* ranked beneath 

'tHfc/f;)»bf lu^erJ^j'<^aWty'.'^..u^ fhfe Hotife 

bf 'Cdnihidrts^^ df - GYeiH-mmn,'' ttAtvtfk^aiiding 

th^ Servifcei of i!hfe^ /J^iK^Peets^iH fhirHbtife; dci re-' 

< teive^thchi, 'vdifcri^rtf Affalt-iequirtJi' t*^^ >pyeffince . 

^'^(aiid they afeho^ Membctig^bf^tfeit AflfemblyV ^^h 

^ thefarfie Re1|pfeaib th^t thetylh^'td ai>'£^/(j&'«9ei* 

oil the l?ke Occaifidnli^-i-Thai^f ftl^p^blick^m 

' 0f A*iba{f^db^ Uhti^ Irt^' P&efs bave-brfe^edtf^sac- 

^ cprdW totft^ir pegWe''6f iQ^aility, t?aWf^ pli<!^ of 

^'ttif^inttrlbr -Oi^defof th^^ £«g//)^,i*— ^Tiwr?#/^ 

'^ j^ctrs have'e^^f carti^ the Swd^d ^'ofi State *tO'(^d 

'from Chapel; ^^w^1ich i$ ^not permitted- ^td%n'.\S^>i5 

;'©akp*i^'^idd[t Son-— i^That'^e^ do, amd-^hawfel- 

^'^^'ways walked Wore' the Kiii^ to' and fr^dkicGha^l, 

'' and Kave equal RigW wiih 'the^f A^/i/fe'Pieeris^ eo'-gd 

• thfere imo-the K5ng''sfCldfec.-*i-i':'Thfi(t the. Queen 

' ' iieVer VHits- any bat Pecreffcs, a*id of ith^fo' 'rKbne'tin- 

**' iilt^r'the Dteree^of a Goiihtefivy^^i''thbt the^^i/ft 

'^ Coohteflei MVt ev^r beeu^ t^fi^fed by the^QUeem of 

"^M^ldnd.' ' '' • ' '' ^'' '« '^ -» ^-- ^' ^-''i'- i/. n</. . • 

" '• THey ^o^n ^ fey*,^*lhflt^4[hfe ^Rigfed^^ tb^if^ivi- 

lege here , contended for, was never, as appojirs, 

^V-Jnter^iifited dr 'tdfJtelled, tJliifibaieitfcb Ifattdn^End of 

'•^'^hie Rdgri'6PQl£fe«fcf/i&.- -tv^^k^tn i\m^^B\{^ 

Digitized by 


Art iQ. RirS E FT EM BE R,> 1740. 16^ 
pmti fiirft. arcife 

Years after the 

a^tA;^>ndiaf: a 


«0]^le iiOrd ta w 
.fufilGiettcy^of the 
Jkd^ mthe Ai 
;5©(ft^ and ^iqH 
.;^)i tfcbiJgidsl^yH 

r iht ^tjiftaryifof . 

loawJi^ Dtfig?! 

.Wthprm' Jx aro 

f.ilfiydgjf j^e. Earl Qi.ShaftJhury^ .and .others, of. the 

X.tigij^A ^r)ithe Gre^u^efs, .ofr fomc^of the I^ijb No- 

liJri©c»tn|;^ the-. Duke of iOr;»(>.«^,,>the. Earl of;^;^- 
Mgj^ffd^i^i .Apd he infiquates^ithat; rthe. Difp^ute 

:/whic^. @ave Qc^fiQo.lP, this Ti::eatife, pf hi5^ is 
M fpujided iippn'the.ik9IP.v?in Motiyci, apd ipi&ht 
-i4)e"ialk(>^iitd'by- -cjie like perniciQU^Efiieda^sthat 
^v!Wa§i 1 Hie; afierjward^ CQpfiders the RQafofts i^pon 
r.» wlikjhjhe P^d-s^of. ^5/^4^^^ bpttopsjed jhpir Attacks 
upon the Rights of jthe Lords of the two other K jng- 

. 'dotos^'i audi he prqvcs^dai^m. ^9 t^e ajitogether frivo- 

*)n.©neiofi tfebfeiile^fow is^%b ^ Nature^ ai, if 
^'^llpwtrtijiititoft./i-etder.'.ajl jbiexE^ -chat the 

" A'iftj Peers have produced for the Support of their 

-' - ' Claim, 

Digitized by 


j[66 7i^' Works of the LBAJttiBD^ Art. iij,. 

Claim> quite infignificaDt. Ic rc^kes the Preceden** 
cy^ they have been allowed ifi En^and^ to bo the 
mere^^i^'foif the CourtcTy of the l^ords of that 
Kiogdom. jThefefayy ^^ Thp'cbt Civilicyof Pre- 
•• cedenoybath been in Coufttfy pcrmkijed by the 
<V P^rs. of JS^g^wij to the foiwign Nobilky \ when 
** thay cpiwe to attend on his^ by 
*< way of dutiiul Rjspair fipdr a ihort time v V^^ when 
^^ they huve Difmidilium hcre^ it b not fit k fhould 
«< be gr^iiMedr mntatbem^ ieifctilie Courtefy become 

WithreipeftitxilWs, our uohlc Author obfcrres^ 
that ^^ the F'^rsid £^/tfi«^. ftem t^ aifiime io ilhi9 
" Plape ft vefy whimfical Aurfxarity.-t— --^Tbat 
" this .iBWnaatioa.istvery mjiirious.tcl die 
'* . Royal Dignity ^. for tho' -thej^ apply to d\e>Crawa 
^« with^ ftemiog.ModcftjJ for an Abolition of that 
*^ Precedency^ J ic h vefy evident, that: if they^ be 
«* allowed co 'b*ve. cneaffid thatPlrocectency them- 
M fclves,,thtlofereBde;i$ijOflfturaIienough, that they 
*! miigbt talie(it awdy fhe«bftlnrfl$. ^•♦••-r- Butno He- 
**iiCord a& ;yeD af>{)eatSt.. by.wlfaichthey gcaated'to-' 
•* ilje /rrj(S lj^nd3i this i( gr^t . iFa^oKjCi |f itecei i$ 
«* any, it is more ancient thaq the Magna Chart a' 
<* of .Kiog 7*^ ^ ior.dt chat dme the Peciw ofjjfi^- 
" Adwsf ei))ayed ; this Right, -tf**^ The Truthof the . 
«V Cafe i^ dua,Vthat they told itprjmariiy.froai.tiio:' 
*':ilandi©ig Laws t)f Honour^ which ipievaileidxyyec^ 
*' the whole driiiz^d Worldv— ^ If the Peers;iof. : 
" EngianS eonfuit ^ die Ciyfl Jbaw, daey. wiil . find, I 
" that the Nobility of a foreign. Couatry arrt ia all' 
« Papt^of £«;^tf received wrth.fuch a Degree of <!. 
" Refped, that th^y are cvea allowed the Plaee 
<^ before the Nobility of their, own Rank abroad. 
" Thu5 A foreigp Baron is treated as^a Vifoouttt,' 
*« afid a Virc6unt as an Eari,. out of their owa re- 
^< fpe^ive Gdontriei. Tjhis R^ude i&.conftantly obr 
^« ferved in «U Ccremooiab^. kifoniuch that if any 

<* Prince 

Digitized by 


Art 10. J?er S E P T E M B E R, 1740. 167 

«« prince IhouW charge an Officer of Arms with a 
«f CooimiiTionto a foreign^ Court, that Ofl&cer, if i 
«% Purfuivant, will be received as ati Herald, if aii 
*«■ ' Herald, as a King ai: Arras. The Civil Law h 
*^. the Rule oi all Matters of this Nature in all 
♦• Nations, where the Law of the parriculat Land 
^* does not oppofe it. And the Law of any parti- 
*• ciriar Land is either Pufitmox Prefcripfive. As 
*^ ie appears therefore,, tiiat the Matter of Preceden- 
«^ cy knot iD diis Country regulated by swiy popive 
«« Law, fhould the prefcriptive Law contesided for 
^* by.the/f(/i6 Pteera, he not allowed to have its 
V Force, the Cml Law will intervene, and the 
*< Peers^ of England wiU unwarily oftablifli a Prc- 
^« cedcncy in favour of the /r*;^ Peerage, far more 
^« injurious to thetpfelves according to thei^ Eftin^a- 
^« dort of the Thing. • For whereas the Peers of 
^^. Ir^nd claim only now a Precedency, before 
** ^thofe of the inferior Orders of Nobility m Eng- 
*^ iAnd^ if that Claim' Ihould be d^ied* they will 
4^ iwftantlybecofRcinritlfcd by the general Law of 
^y liaicions to Precedency in EngUmd^ even above 
5^ ail the Englifb Nobility of tteir refpc£live Pe-' 

€kit 'Author rdaConsi with the Ukc Forqeupon all 
the other Arguments-that were ogfered fijr the Abo-^' 
litkttiof th« Precedency of the Irifi> P^a-s iii this 
JCwgdom, in the Year t66*f. For Inftance^ tp ' 
chofeoniy one Ibort-and eafy Example, it was^ ai- 
led^, that the Eniiifi Peers had a Right of Pne-^ 
f cktency foperior to the Irift), becaufe England is the 
St^t of the Englifli Empire^ and wUbwt their Jf- 
fntnif Lmv c<9m iff made in the Restlm* 

in anfwer ta this he afks, ^^ Is any thing con^ 
♦*.ttlufive in this Argument •> ^he Right of Precer 
** ibf^y panii^larly e^ndtrns the Englifli Peers^ be- 
<< ^aiufe'fw' Law^ can* be made /xi England withmt 
♦* them? Does the Right of Precedency concern 

** none 

Digitized by 


a69 5^<? XyoRKS g^//&^ Learnep. Art. la, 

*' none but tnofe who aVe Lcgiflators in England ? 
** How came the gre^t Officers of the 'Crown bjr 
•* their Prededehcy ? How the Order of Barbnets? 
♦* How thar of the Knights? And fo <^tv t&tirtry 
'•* Degree, 'of^ which thel-e are many' incik^'i^hb 
, ** have tKeir ftated ' Riflcfe iof ;'Pretedtrfcy ' afd ' much 
^ confirmed to thetti, as tb tlie grcateftPeerarof the 
*• Land: Their other ' RWonv That .'Eft^and is 
.** the Seat of the Englijh Empire, is of the fame 
•* kind, and' is' in fubfhrice ai*)fwered by the fimc 
^* Argument : Fur does 'the Seat of Efnpire of- 
*« feet Precedency ? Dofes'the King's living ih Ihfe 
-** Part of his Dominions, give the Peers of this 
** Dominion a better RJghf to any otie Prmfege 

Majefty^i Bneaft to irihAit arry 
^* Part of his Dominions \\\^t \it (hall'ifee tottven^ 
<^ ent. That this Circurtift^hte gJves' khehr in cdn- 
'^ fcquence a grcalter Ihfitoice; i§'tod vlflbte tofcfe 
^ denied; but that it gives tii^ -ahyfli^ht^to 
'^* that Infldenpe, is a long and Mdifficait Wferk* tb 
^ prove. — If by the Seat 'df £%/(/& EmpJrcJ^bd 
'" undet^fl:ct)d, that Ireland is ^ depiiid!ahe^»frt^ 
^ dom, this is a'Difpute of k Natur6'too^high^asSi 
^ picquarit td l^bth Nation^ for 'a^Pirf6'niiy-a \pit^ 
**^ vate Capkitjr tp -meddlfc ^ith ; btrt altlitt^> it 
** OiQuld be a Truth of the ^mbft iftcbntdft^te Wi- 
^ tgre, it would give rio'F^itl^feo' ttiis^'Pretettfibn, 
V' becaufe thtri ' muflt bie^ Ifofee' Conditions', ^ ■ in^eVe-, 
'^«* ry Depend^riCef(which'iS''n(itt*yietaStitt'df db"*^^ 
** right Slavery) and'thiefe CdnditioHs, ^heti^Mf 
•^■df-e'not lexp'refs, ar^' facit^.iihff-theri ohiy to l4 
'^' txplai^ed by< the cbi^^hi ' Uftge t ^wtiidh- tJfigft 
^ is ftrpn^ih fivour of'tht'jHjh Peiers.-^ IFty Dc* 
»« perid^nce 'be^iibdi^tftobd a^ SuBje&itea 46^ ^Ke 
" Kingdom of England ^ allowing the Legality of 
« ^at Subicdlion, fuch a general State docs in no 

Digitized by 


Art fa ForS E P'T fe M B t i(, 1740. i6^g 
<5 wife n^ccflkriJy icqj^fit. the Subordination of In* 
*^ dliyidual$,: Thi^Cipwp, ^according to, die Max- 
<f iip^t and Princyples, of^the Revolution, deiivctf 
.*^ 4ts l^ower frorn the People^ and is inferior i9 
,H,theri5^ in > coUeftive; Body : By this. Rule thero- 
.** ipre, .thpfe, noble Xx)rfjs may as wel} aj[;gjLic, j;hat 
.^' thpy pvg^t tp h^ve. Precedency pf the Kng I^iraT 

<* felf. ., ^ /. .. .. ' . " ' " ., ^. 
. In fome. Parts pf bis Examinationji tW, he, has 
ftill taken care qf ^e Decorum of hi^ ExpreffionSt 
our Authpur has not /pared to treat his Antagonifta 
';B4!th ^, very, riftble Difparagcrrient of their Under- 
ftajudiJigs' 4s vv'ell a* of their Policenefs ^ he repre- 
iqitis t^f Scheme as fo?)li(h, difrefpe-^ful to the 
t^vyjjj dpftrqdive of their own Dignity and Privip 
Jegesjrtnd urjgratcTfMlf ;o, a. Nivtion from which they 
ajKl their Country r^p oonfiderable Advantages. He 
luggefts XO . the; .King the Injuftice and j[mprudence 
thQr? VQ0l4 tfc^^in liis Conapliance with it j.^and he 
lays^Jbefipre his M^jefty., the Exarrrples .of his I^pyal 
Ffe^eteifor?^^ who difcouhtenanced g.11 Pi^opofais of 
;Chat,3Sf,^tpiie. ., He^clofes'/with an Jnftance from the 
jR»im^ fciift<iTyi> which co][icludes very ftrongly in 
jh^ fjiiVi9jir<3^^ corrQl?0r^ting his general. Argument, 
^tfd gx^ilpiiMrjgfa mpll illuftrious Specimen of that 
Condi;^ Yfhich hewomld haye his Britannick Majc- 
fty.t9!(i?.W^r;Ye in ithe preff nt Affaifi. 
^, Sia^e . |he foregoing. Precedents we're. colledec^' 
foafc otHw have bepa. found, with refpeifl: to iMar* 
r^ii^g^ apd Chriftn^ngs in the. H^^yal Family, which 
^a4 efc? all fprpf^cj Inquiries, and which, our 
aftiUthoi" f^ys, cleat ^fpfhjsi Subje<a in fuch.a man- 
ners flhat hje judg^^it) iijapoifible aqy ftirther Conteft 
carj ^ven be, mafia 4pon , i^ ; Xhele are but fevir ia 
Ji}unf|ber^.^n4 he.ha^>4<icd thiep? in, ft PofifiripL 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

i^d Tif Works ^/jJ^'LfiARNE^b* Arti^i. 


tre ^de$ OomfrteSy de ' PAcadimie *RoyaU des 
Sciences, & dt'Ia SocUti Roy ale de Loncires. 
A Paris, de Vlmprimerie Royale. I740» 
That i^:, Tie Ekments of AJironomy^ by M. 
Ciaffiflv ©"^^ ' 

THIS Picsce k in C^uarto^ confifting of 643 
Pages, ahd a g«tat Number of Copper- 
plates. The ImprefBon is fair, but not fbcorred 
as is 0) be wifli^. The Preface begins with a 
petinitioh of Aftronomy, and proceeds with a brief 
• Account oi its Origini Progrefs and Ufes.. 

M« C4£mi refers fuch as vrouH know thorou^iv 
what b^ becip done for the Improyomeot of tbu 
divine Science, to a Diflertation <:)n the .Sabjeft, by 
his Father^, inferted in the old Metnoiraof the Aca^ 
dftmy.; He owcms himfelf here with obfervin^ 
that the greaceft Fart <ot the.Difcoveries.anda(rioi9>^ 
Refcarches the;rein (with which he has endeavoured 
to enrich thi3 Work) are owing to the ooble EAu- 
bliflunents which we^e made by the late King fo^ 
the Advancement of Knowledge, as weU ak to the 
]pi:ote6lion of his prefenc Maj^y, who herein is 
ambitioaa of imitating the Example of his auguft 

Our Author taikes an Occafion ot extoUing th6 
M^gnificcpce of the Royal Obfcrvatory at Pa¥is^ 
(which in that refpeft exceUs dny Foundation df th6 
fanic Nature) and the fublimc Tafte of the cdc^-, 
brated MXolbert^ by whofc Procurement,. and' wui 
der whofe Superintendency it was raiied. > » ::? 

Since the Ercfticm of this Strufture, Aftronomf 
has made vaft Advances^ and been applied to more 



d by Google 

Art^ II. PorSB P 1" E M B E % i^^o. ifi 

valuable Purpofes than the Ancients could have 
imagined. M.Caffim has hinted fptnt of thefe^ 
at the fame time that he points out certain other 
th^s, not folly fettled, thePec^nxtlia^n'.fif^whii^ 
^ k abfolutely neccffary to the Pcrfe^tiof) ofjt. 

He divides this Work into nine BooJi;s^^ Thefe 
are preceded by an Introdudlion, contaioiBg, fiyft^ 
'a Defcription of the Sphere •, /econMy; an Account 
fef ibfe Psohmean^ -Copernican^ 'znA.Tycho^brdbean 
Syftems of the World ; thirdly antf fourthly!, by 
'Difcourfes on Aftrommical RefraHions and the Pa^^ 
r0,Han^ with two difftMnt Methods ^rith^ ^foert^n- 
ifigpf each, iHuftraied by E^iarripllrs. - 

An thtt' firft Book Jifc tresis^ erf ;tHie^)&d Stars i 
pf thftr fttuadon, b6th - with rtifpfeft^tO^ one ano- 
«her^ and «o the^Ciwrlesiof the-Sphdiri^V *^f ^the Con^ 
ftellations into: vrlaich ^tbey are formdd > ' of then^ 
lii^gbt ; of their itppTeni l^git^ildiM^^^^tibn' ; of 
their Magnitude and iJdiftance fit<:^ «hi^'Ea(rth) of 
oew andincbulbfciStafs. ''• > .;; > 

The ifeoonABo6k lif *ll«d uj3 OTtirely wi<?hthe^ 
SuN^ t Our Author, fh tht'firfi Chapter,' 'freaks of 
tl^Spodsnorhiah ai%i Uifibib on tK^ ^al#c^ of thdt 
^oiriw&ILuminary'^ AnA^"\tvi)^fitmd^ of its Ref-^ 
voltftjort on ios-AxUi Uftder "thfe '^att^r of thefts 
H^ads .>Jte'haVe a Scdutioo of the four frtMoWlhg Pi^o*' 
btemsc J*i ITadecerntine oti thd Sun'i'apparfcwt Diffci 
theSituation of tht JParirdltel itdefcrfbds in relatfofi' 
tQ the Edipcick* W. To^ddterrtiine^thePofirioh of 
its Spots, in refpeft to the Ecliptick. III. ®f meanfe 
of. its Spocs to dfeterttiiDe'theiSitoatidn <A it«c f die 
Af ite' Rdvoluoion aroUhd^its iAxis, and^ihcf Inclina* 
tion bfits Aofiis^totheEtlipticki I¥. ^odetdr* 
miteforeach Datyoif the Year, the apparent Situtt* - 
tioaof the Pole-ot m Ravolution, on its Diflc, and^ 
«he Ellipfei liMhichats Spotslhould feem to defcribe 
by feaibn of ks Re'^lutionf. M^Caj(/l4i^ in the 
/&r// Chapter, treats of the Obliquity of the Eclip- 
tick 'f 

Digitized by 


tiA-, rincl,*^Mlfi^/o«7t]^;^ xJfc-ihV-tfue' of ap{»?fenf. '^ 
Motion of the Sijn with reference to,^hp. Eaaht'Fo* 
dcli;m)BAgf"^B''fwA1&r,;ffe ^as' pt^ fiVe . 


sJriV a«B5«tAiW$fte^;*W"*the'Differ6'^^^ ' 
twren^itffefltJft Wd •l^ma\\ti FrbM our Earth; ! 
Trt«^j>M^^%V«V«?fti'l^pot1iefes whifcK J 
have been framed to account f6r tht Sun's appaferit 
M e ti ow , •i> ^ i f D i fta i w a fn m to. — Tbt/ fW Htk 
Chapter is ©"jft Eqjjatijn^f jTjmo^ The ti^tb 
IS dn the Sun*s Jfogee ana /'emw^ the Excentricitf 
6f ci|«;£^ 4pilL tA&cgnUeft Eqimion : M. Caffini 

Points. The tWttJ^^ jpj^^t^i^fthis Book con- 
cern the Modon'^T the Son's /ipegee and ^edgm 
and th« Q^ntity of the l<;^ar Year i he h^s fhewo.. 
vS'-yirt ■ «^^H^'%afs'6f -^t^ri4im%7 tfe 'iMf 

«5a'ai:'^iv«r^inabS,!;afr Wftittd'iu Jth^ tehth'Oap'-'" 

ireitt' diPthelneKfiition of her Orbit to the EcUp-* 
tiek'>^»0F HiJe-Mtton and 'Metfop of her Nodes ?'"; 
6f-liwtHifc''Mon6n.wiA*rfegal-d to fhe Ea^f^f* 
her hiean Motions ) of th^, Efo^s of her n^e*^ 
BiJiiJtibni'v b"f^6i^ JSituauon of /her JKpogif^ '^^ndjiff:. 
priiAiKyiU)(K}M«)ity3b,0f . ti^ MfxifSA j^ b^ .i^nj- 
oC^he.fiitt.«fid ^ftoand folalr^EqiMciaiM } Af 4ier ib« 
i^^'IrttijwHff^y of hftr teW-'lana laft fiieqoaHtyr 
a^d ojt^tlie^jfeht '6f Jjcr '^psv^nt.ljiantj^tejr.'^ Pi-"^ 

thvInvtftigiOTii ^ ^Mi iritdiMinibk fat^fervien^ 


Digitized by 


ArM2. F0r3Eft£MBEm^4#v »7>v 

to the clearing am) fixiog theCourfe of ffik &f^y'mf..j 

Planjpt, . . ' ,...' r „ ..'x .^-/V/ .' .'■> 

In the Fourth Book we have tl»eXii(e<V7 <^ 5<|.4.4 
/*rf I in the ». thtt pf W«r.^;k^ 
that of 3£j« > , m the Scvemlv dUi(jp^ r««w^ an4 ^ 
in the ^ighth, thatof iffr^iwy.; laAe,!^j^..O|w|,'; 
laft) Book, i^c have that, o^ ^V***^ "W (^•'"•'i] 
Satcttites. ^ ■•',...,.:, .,.'/, .,..S ,.:..■ ;-..,t 
«i> i f lU ' H m < < '■ " ww m t l "i iii M i i im 4— ^»^"4 w yMfli! ' " ' ^ /! 

y/>, "^ , :' 

!Have here ienc ]rou ft fliort Schcmt^ Qeltoeaf i* \ 
on of n Plan towardaa cocspkat TiwMyof the| 
man Mind« This r» a Branch, of ^cieooe whid^ 
1 think has act been oitpTaicd or unpiofrM with Ai i 
inutrh biduftry or in fo proper, a manwr j(s fevemt 
othtn nave. The grdudl Genii t^ this and the ^ 
laft Afge,, liay« chidly a^]r*dtbemieli|etfiOthe i«i- 
MpvemeBt i^ Natural and Mathen»iukal ICnow^r 
Iqj!^ an4 the tUuftrkHii P|ii|bibphiQil $^^ in/ 
jEorbpe were chkfly foaodM for (hp AdTanoemeni 
of (ho&^-^It U true^ we have had feyeeal ratuabte Per* , 
forman(^ xfi (^isVicLW ^ at^ thr^g^t * l/^ $4CPf^kr. 

^ We have only a ftnalj Part of the ^hole Dc£gQ of thf^ 

OfpHhtm fhvmm. Set. B. t. Aph. 21 -^ aa4 Kt. W^hence it 
w& ay eii ti»t thwc am w^Mting thc^^e^ttii lbft<byi% Parts. *^ : 

rmrnakm A^fUf^^j fro mmtiti^m^i^i^ Ehj^r ^w^Mt^ M^ M- 
ittrm>um fwuenm M^nquifitionem\ Jvot i$ t9 wi tmffSrin^m ffi , 

N ftaoding^ 

Digitized by 


^^.4 c ^ ^^A^Mfibf tS^HN^D. Art. 1 2. 
Icarce ever hope to fee fome of it's Parts copj^tog- 

lo ■''.;*.joM« aril b'ji'^DOii riauiw ,vii'jo'loIiri*l kiulWW 

i3:H '>-— s Vf 


Digitized by 


Art Ik. i»«^ «E^T£MB»R'/iy4o.if7'5 

IfiiflSI^'ViiiWstiivhUtiiiih^KhbtHtidg^.^fiW'^ parif. 

^fxiural Philofophy, which he calied the Mother of . 
Sciences, but it may appear that he had accurately 

|j^,'*^pe;Ke his/iivenr a JTuc. and ;<:pinpen^ 
[iooi^^ i)mrw^a^(^xQaaJyQ«-v(hc.diftM^«Uh 
Dodirintt (^-MrviL«nii<>< E^y)4R-tMlb 6w> vfoni»l 

ctm, iWtommtis qu^ fofiea tn ii^uiptiahun Centura ]fu0ini'^ affu* 

N 2 — *• Hscc 

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Digitized by > 

jjS 72^ Works g^/i6^ Learned. Art. 12. 
* dividuofum imagines five impreflioncs a len/u c'x- 

, tiipe 


^ J,, .. , — ,...m. Socienes fpundedw that 

Employment, to confider how far the Improve- 

V /ill lo ariuO li nti bfiJi bvjss-Vl -jrh ami YiifYA*""* 
J. Vi 


Digitized by 



■^ fv^ /4A"*i|[u#y/j^M^1iiJ,iiia^^ 


E'loriJuA 2tfi3 t>3nia Rfi^il:^ Sib 2|nimW aid ibiw 

'''''"**:):) 3fai3 

^tySW&J'^ luit)lu\B mod 3d3figrrn3iTjniY';!AB'c^Sr 

jf De/iription of. the 

re Advantages "and 

icnuis's and 

iQQpnyeniencfes^attendinff parucular .G( ^ , 

mm^mgm^^ in. 

iry into the Natural and final Caufes of this Va* 
N 3 riety 

Digitized by 


Dr. Cbarltou',.3iM WtgeffiTO^f^TOrajcq— ^^^ 
Originally in Spatulb By Huartes.Lllltja this Sub- 

*« landum, aut cu{| ccmxifr fvun fit ac validum. 
« Vide JHg.Sci$Ht. L, 4. C. 3. *' That remarkable 

have fome S^oTnitude witirthe Power here deKribed, 

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3; ^i 


-ubc afnj nv 

3lcfBjl iBfn^i 3BfiT '" .g .o .4^ .1 .Wu^ .s^wVv 9biV ^* 

\^ 4, 

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3 t$o ofi^ Ynp9Mst^oiSrB]aMtms&>;. <Amiz. 

iJJin^tttcfe^idRiIdte gf^ereiitr^SMyttki^hasbcan 

1 li^iiiw ,noi3cbvt)/l lo i^nn^in l!- ni yiiriiviCI 

^dj Ilfc oini yiiupfil n£ f3nt)*I:>ia(noj h:/y e^busH 

properties of etemqi^Mii ^JSk^hdii^t^M diuik, 

been little underftood, even by thofe that have prcj- 

-il^fl%iA|yalioeitednb^v«l^«S> i\l4lt^/Uinpfi40propored 

-!«;>iMr ^lid^ ^jibtl^ei^P^^Mk^ni.jobdMifel'ii^ 

. 10n:Mi(]j^>^jobi3tiliei(fiM;i^ {knoiriBDt} 

.ji)';i(Ju2 aid: noqu zi ^djuiT i33 
8. Q/* DefWfiftratioft^ and its difierent Methods., 
^iSiWfe«^<^l^ >ishac^S«*\i^f^®raion]^t^ns are 
7if9 j^A^rlAfMbrticularSfiicbeM i3jtam:|ljcrii) izSor^n 

:y[ff rfti<2Ml4trir4lgm«iiq;;^^ ^p«^ai/cp2aaoIcd6cn 

loff iW^tWti^rfinltelufhiVddnqUibU^d^^ 
£ $1 ||]fl0;mlr(lQilM^etwmfti4tiodbs^ 

!^d) znbflno'j odw sno vnfi 03 i^:)(jq£ iTiw 215 ^^ana' 
lo in9Q'j6|^ iwflrtfliodbAi^U^a^ mitMatBreynpsOnt, 
3d«d ^QflitsyQt0iAdcredi^nd^ 

bsilqqfi M aqjinrxj ji!\ ;a bus e^Dni^frndli^4 2Upjn 

!))!lllfiti$yllly,i9««^l«ft^r^^qdfohM^ fooiif in 

EiriT .yiftubnl ^ravji vd b:3l£3[qfnoD y'^^^^^ ^*^^'^* 

Revelation from the ^fi^^Afi^VBAJBi^^ 
is.fufiicientand neceiiary to prove the Divinity o^ 
Tftf|y<^veIatio;i.«-r-Tbi$Head is defigned tp fi^ Ij^ 
" . a det 


Digitized by 


Faith and Reafon, and the Ev'ytomgmiiid^^(llik9jf 
Divinicy in all manner of Revelation^ which I 

a few rational Poftulata. — This, .tntld^f^Mrb^Mft 
]^ead$, will comprehend an Inquiry into all the 

bs. J laiq Of JEiriri^ 4»ri/i (3**jte; ini^ail^eyiterS^- 
arlJaoSrwchf^scof .|Dioa4|9^e;^^^ cOmOs-lMtOter 

(ictOTiraana h«dtti::^eJAdvaB^iWtit(lo( (S^i^«fi : rOf 

Remedies agaipf^ Error. Jlf«i/f^a|9^r:iil^|l^^r 

(er T^M^hj i^ HPon this Subjed. 

«oadcl ithelpropEr Metl»&^oF'adW|dt)^jf>&i^J9hr 
-u^ciBnGes; "-TKi '0n}>ivNWoribV>6i £ as«yb:e6fritae»ft4le 

rf2'Scieiie0o,f>a8il (lO^Jj^^A^^^/rfi^^ 
£t»thciM(fdfoiifi»tJd^)fiiJn^uithbifirfti^ Hoc 

.^MachWt%^^e AiiBMUbm^^ Sbi- 

ence, as will appear to any one who confiders the 

r3nDi4;n|^a4i^lat< b0i^^i|ljkoff»«wk ^dcoQnt of 

Medicina Mentis muft be al}owcd^wAMei^3in|e« 
njqus Performance^ and might perhaps be applied 

(85Utt^I&]edefi£t(i>itia(;bmVuh^ S&j6at,^6b^<(h^ is 


ni vioel iDd^^aawaU:^BMofi^phf f flidwi^ 

-ovEUetos&bA^\lbfiduW{^^ C^e 

more eafily complcated by future Induftry. This 

\(^isad^q}dii€^h^^i^^ of^e^^Qhiag that 

ni xfi 03 b3n§fl3b ?\ bB^HeiuT-— •-nohtilf^vRJi^T 
-3b fi . / 

Digitized by 


'^i . 3^iW>?igcs ^/^^*^^i^ Art . 5^^ 

33iol ofyjtoiq 4l^'^V'W->^iJa3^^^1f^y 'I'll*' : n'.'tonr- 

3. 1 

4rl -jfi 

, 1 — m^^mmmmif^mmi to i.v/o^ 

?m\\ vf•''»\^^^',^ b-^oJ iitl A'b3 ^zsijlurcl 


Digitized by 


Art. |Jr>/^^S£'I*t BOMB'S 11^1740. i^* 

aoochcr: ^Hsc ioqiti&io n^ilj9 f>rofeA6 force 
«' ufus, verum (urkif SoirateyNabtorc Pdio in- 

r tbfi ^roundkfs .f^yPQlheib tha( 

^ will contain Iitqiiri^ iMoAvauncary Motion. 
-=--Thc Phasncynena and _C!aufc$ of DrcMW-^-r-rv 

|>owcr of th^!iha^aii(S^ 

Changes of tbc Linoimcn^of the Bqdy,b¥die Paf- 

:^acultics, C^c. This Part Lord Verulam ftifii' 

^ DoSriM FmJirii jfnimi^ Corporis Ji\w Ji& com* 

<< iftud diiabus , partibus ooatinctur^^-** Njmirum 

'^^*plisTc%v^ & i;(gdM(A« Ih:^^^^ 

'♦ inviccrn agajnt.— ^fitifurti prto? (dfeJ^pridfeil!-^ 
^ cec quails haberi ppffit Jto^icia de Anima ex hi- 
^^ Imcu corporis, aut fie Corp^e^xiccidentibus am^ 

V^Ihtow^ ' dfcrW, j^ip^^rOvii^ ^l|cram ^S^riftocciis 
c^ra deoorataih* Quanqukm ^ aufeiti temeora 

2 iy\}ot\v 

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-13V io noboiillnoO sHT .b'jlu n^-d svtri rljiriw 

pofcd to cjtlltTupcrior to it..fna%ilfilJ«%h8iJftFB/, 

z::h \o janiwh 3ldiii3bflnoD Jlom sd'f. .aajjtug 

b^t95^^^i^ ^(^cf)fttioo«liiM»tide(liui}defitlK%ener 
li^ P^%^'t]lis 9f(i fi«i<^iSbBniaiiMii«9tt»^Kiiof 

Light to tficm. The followbg PanifeitlaVi.^y 

jioi'jio^ii^ Il^te)d£lfii, aid iN<ecdffltY-i#iin. 

,£«»»& ^d^}tJPWdifidirgA(&fi»hodk4S^}te sabtlg^, 

gpge con{}a^(Lrf]itiH«^ia3h6ac^iiQ^S«l^of 


5if#^lfiWtfw.f HGoftflcfs, dbDaro^glyphiotejTiiftifi ^a- 

hi6*A ljffif#9M«>i;ilMftih9iih^ 

~n£!i Q&(nsuii.ujr^i&Darti4sudefigDQ^ «(>^l»)I^}j^^^r<] 
oasS^i Dtjtderatum de Notts Renm, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

Art. 12. iVSEPTEMBER, ijMo. 185 

■^ijH^, Pfi«»M^if''^rtkyc''&ffiia?an#Ver. 

• JmyoAfViSgin^ <:wibidmrauHtt' Adft nfiU^'^; "^e^'^i. 

tious, and univ«rlil MccfM^ W CX^itiMAim 

which have been uled. The Cbnfticution of ver- 

•Mt^^edoe^.eonMarcd ui»a? fl(lMHl6i»§al^Jew, 

■^ftgPfid:>«) >TtippI]r>-i^rdQaNrMa DmmtmrSiiSPiz 

. ^ ^ffipiJcfeftions.^i «rtadliM9yta^ «JfiaPilJei&- 

4/i&/^, Concerning a real Chawiettfil^^^'JgJfQr- 

^^^^&*&ftk <•fig[afiL\^a»«^^Aj£Vfy' i^lM the 

narrow Bounds and imperfcft)i)riet<ttf^ftlnrfii($h"E%« 

guagcs. The moft confiderabjc Attempt of this 

jop*WS*siH()(ivi«B»fjW«(art of? the "Dfef^h, wfe ^^iU 
ici^ioiihlmuftflcauntkkiwiti '! Htfil^ ^pitt'dSh'^'^o 

Thtfirft, (which hevfljflpnW )«>if^'U,'^;i^ a 
•nli^n{)tD^->»H tiie JQIdfchod»?«)irl etid/iknidttion, 
.nitrides iK(kuIiKfti&dUh<is;:i»tti>WHti%^'i& GHKiibs' 
1oI*fl58g|llyi*kfcjr'''it»» (fhana^fsj^^.n- -^^ r^^■ ^ 
lo ittdliii9itn»dr^diammc»'>fitiUpmc») U s^ti^Ao* 
.zafe^bicftliingoti^leqttdnguiigesi } W W6 «in '|lye 
.naai(^m»«piA«6 Hoi^IiifidMttlm 4A (te'AQibdt'i dwn 
2b^5*4sinTrrHft> fib aUlc(h) H« <«fWtra«%r,1&«t no- 
JJ§'tfoWl^®in*5i3eaoiiaitidajirpcci«; 'fl5tjuJ&'^ tBl.iitfuis 
-cff!) pi*«iifliil»>itk(i?I^FrBiMs .aqoaih^^i^gari&is^l^Su^ 
-mf Mte^bfsJid^tHftintilingqawntti fcfi^rlltitiBuireftM:- 
lo %($ffi9r/, iar^ihiisnfjnBqwIexcelW in'^^^uk'^^ftE- 

b£ y.Emm^ piittheti]fnibtl(iianqaa(tir!(V^niis At>e11is) 
x{If'cfl^»tt9ni«ni|i6mxiBindairBifof>im^ & 

il3fdqeniAp|9nt^ii0ll(laqBiQ%neladi aitfM$t(^»^ i>efte 
-irrfdMxpfiinWiidwn sfTiiiBfihijioljjervtSiiliJPtti-tt Very 
bid^i^^^ufrOfH laang&aknoKidttBanf bariTcUlat' IJan- 


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j|gii[9:i,43-»d,v,Ekl auietif»wiii(^£' Aoh-Mififlali^i^anl 
lie tbiok^Mb utCbiift^^tioirjii^ XJttn^^Woafd 

i^tuimn>i>ffa3iufi9iag«*ix(«l(l ftt»^4^fni3a(!|i%^i^ 
.«t,tbeJQeoiui^ .Iteibpsp^^^i^P^itf (^H^^^USiM 

t^iSntqr'.'figira hiaticlt)'4d«iXi 4M cOb^Vii^ ^^^gm 

AifdoiAmli YdCUbi#itighiat^lM» «lt^b»iil»«^iriAL 

ftances. " Quid illud quod Grate* ih -(k^ftpSiS. 

** uonibus verborutn tanta licenda ufi fint, Romaoi 
.^- <Min«^n^4|fli!mt: lnvkia('tr«»^?eMSacdh^ fcdBl&e- 
*» runt> Plane colligatquii$vV)^«^s\|i^;b^ir^^ 
Ui.'Botp$DO$<: reUna ^eiti^s<%ii(^s<^I(i6nebs.^^^r'> 
^ftvf Htm iaiin tlf&ii|^l(ss^vc»Bniiia\!C6^^1^^ei 
«* fere exigunt, at res S^ysO^^^'^f^p^itdrJ^'^irl^ 
«« pofto}toa'VlnAll^ihtt^\!fcttiarl^te5^nftoce^»^be 
g^V(fe:.alv^thir)^j«Croundeil3>niii (igAaJtt>ifi&lnd(l4M:- 
twm ancient and modern Languages.— —''AnMdii 
«v «e iUud oUen&n^ digitiVxin^lkidt il6bht^oa<!^is 

** nas declinationum coojanab^imf ^ ^tehi^Gm^ 
i* MSej, .modemagi '^krift^dr ^teftitwas'^Yldi^nna^r 
M. ^ffia3(iofim^ne»fi^»iMrWaik)d)i«ris >P^\ek^^mh^> 
** dire? Sane 5icile quis colUgac Xiitititi4i^''ii6l^ 
" ipfi placeamus) ingenia prioruro feculorurn no- 
«.ftii6-fQiffomittitp^atttoi «jl<umiRt)r«\^^ W at 
thdvL'Lan^tMges^ j'^tlM <ik>6«(tlit\^h61ei^h^ ''^^ 
f. vd li.w ^Ut.'i jn-^L)-j/)'q3.-i3 "to d:c^ 3K.H ,rainx,m 

Digitized by 


Art. I A- I'flrSJ^PTEMJt.Bil^ 1740. Oi^ 

futMTtTigKffew QBljbaltow«d)ine taghw-tbisstapuj^ 

'<i«jy»fff!W#pr:i«t^^'WsMl8oi!lft'j38f tfao^ ocoarrai 
^;{|i^>'£§its.^«(0$4d|(|a^b^0nlreaKr Gonf{nfe 

' intjllUth^^^ tiMt,^ij^i9t3iedi(i(nra»d«ik 

m^Gm^kn* ft^peofitiefcsjiiid JrogillipoffiUb 
^jgm,jr4^i|rf>,))ed^ Mbtherfio^iufuvllaikjitberi^a^ 

Wf B^ ag^jr «R{ (Hftii1SPiiftietD>y OwNohibeA 

|?i8|»fi^ilh'»3Bii) boup Lu:'; Lii^ '' .e.'):>.vJl 

in^cnoil .mil flu fiiinaoil kv:\a moiodiav puoinoij '* 

^Slffi^n .?3'-j.ij.gnx;J mabom bnx;, -Kioioiir. u v, . 

H^ffltSSsiimii&ttml^o munoh^nibab E:ci " ' 

manner, that each of the precedent Farts wil) be a 

Booper FouadatioQ for thofe that follow, and that the 

■ fubfc- 

Digitized by 


|S8 TI^WdAKS^^iEr DEAmMED. Art. t2. 
Ial>ifc4witt>f il Jk 4^^ ^tf^s' c%mrniliri!cale Ll^c"' 
and N$iM8M>'«f;tt»ofe ((h«t iV»t beiote rand i?d»-' ' 
fiM riMt -!itti»(i)|Mi^S<rii^ «naf . ^chkAy-etafidcb*- - 

ai|^ l^^lfiAl^lliiOf' dh»;ii}ieiMM FowMt ^ma^tor 
^ifilfof4(t^Qm^nifyiii:vfib6 WiH apd^NBon^ ^ 
a«4.«h^,{^>ot(|^>t^ belepamelyacttCii cfi-^imi-^ 

Iball be left liable to confound thofedigertm- CH wa w. - 
and Modes wid) e9fh\pttieK»i ii%ich is the Cfaie rerf 
commonly. The Want of dtftingutfhiag thefe from 
each odter, andVtMtnwng their RekuioM and IV 
-ftendence, has been the Caufe of ftreat Coofii^ 
and many ««dlftiDirpuces.-~-. The Cohfideration ol 
Ideas ought to be fubieooent to the Htftory of the 
FacuUiW' «r the • Und e rwa w di i>|^ , -finee -mm- ■ tho 
Knowledge of thofe^ their ,OriRin ai^ Properciea 
may be betier- «Kpla&ie4 -^1 tl^inr the rauonal 
Order of Def^itions,. Propofitioaf, Tn|dM».,an4«. 
Dlfmdhft>aHony,MJI^ verf V^id^ *^ ^' . .> . v 

t. It w<fti%li6i^ !iAiiirt«gd4i«K>«tttf4kiermine 
the Extent of human Knowledoe, wiij^QUt.ha^ 
priBfk>Qay<(n<|air«d'intt>\h6-intea<?auar l^o*^"" 
the Mihd, «ie Nwore; iritf" ^roijpertiestof lde_^ 
Tratfii; 4nd »6ft different M(*thddi bf I>h\C)ni^>i 
tionv-:^ AN (h<i {mceding Hm will ht )a. pK)^ 
FbuMdatioti'ibit coMdeHtig the Nature^ aAd CMgTh 
of Enior, airid' the MethMt "bf ^v«Ming Hndw^^^ 
Jedge.::^IIut' it<^oah) be ^iediobs to pSif^ tMi V 
through all the remaining Parts. " " ' ' '" < ' « " 

t Tht'AfliKof. ofiM^J^Utffimj^itakr^'Mk Mtf- 
tdihht6vktt^tkJM%ttdfiii\k NitW; bdif'Hi^it-^ 
too^Qonftidus^oBi of' Ma YotfdfandWaM oFAbAi-' 

i'". 1..; ■.^/■..■i,..i . » •• ■" ». 'ties,. 

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cie^.ift tiMk of «Aenv ob fe tttiONrtfJdWnif;^ 
J>igp liiiydid'^ at hb^wiwa QraMHA^UHH 1M "» 

Rapiefcnnit{Dii ^f tin BifigyA = lii^ haf ^lieJie 'ttftf'^ 

rlsMZtnmtp afnrovcd, 1m' »ifi|fMi0|iclMD«Mi 
oiiao^ilMrdf! « (oHtuxhilMiCDiyir of idii Awlibrl thhe 

flvH ti»iKi«t vi hecr the OpiakJiif ^ idle 'litiirMd' ' 

O U iWwi iyil kj ' •■;i.'(..i- /:■»•.-■: •'■■••'■=: ■•'>i^ 

V! r^ -j.-J : .. :: fntmt Si^- •'•;. •" ' • ■ '• ' '■ 
!;"/•! -J. ... :-. . '. . :i--- i ■' H) ;c//i/ vii'l .yl • •• • .- ► 

f. '.;. .) i, ■ i !'> •.. :.' i •.!) fr'"U ?»il <* • i 

;•• til v..'.;; il ..'j.-t } tv; : > ;. -.1 -M )'.■>.• I 
% IM liwit y. ' ll ,g" ii iiiurl »i»i ii ' n ^ . « * l t .♦«».»M m » -i. 1 

-;::;-)i;f.-'l i ' i..:^-< : v-'".r<<,'j \'- : '■ >.:A 

fijfiff ft\ <^* )^«*'(» ;iW<w</<<. -**/<»•( /*» Cwr* <if wiis 1 
^4«MftV;TMi»tf<r. iff.cvpleytd to twoviDg^Siftii^} 
/ii«,lGil«fi/!t/ .4M |i^,4{rri«w,l4M>rnK}falKn9wkidget<> 

mary of them. .-ntvl • ji- :.••.. s:h !•».'.. ^ ..:; 

hta.'VlKpflu ^ T.hM TiWtl)->i9tiw^uI«iaQdLaM^.a/S) 

** liMt if any reaibnablc Creature oiakcs that the 

O *• Mca- 

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I (i^a^'^T»^r«^^l^^/V|f ig^RiriD; 'cAri.' ^s. 

Digitized by 





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Ofif of tnp^' ISjlannei-. of it^ a^d ^he^ Doctor jtifta^c^ 

tIi8:<StaJccp6f.<]iq9srtedi3oi)lspfi^ni3i^a6|])^<i^ fts 

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zB QmAvti^^l^d^^ 

Q $ trtne 

Digitized by 




gf '^TWs tbiy t*^i«awi ihi'jta it^jmyibe jwjd»Kf(^bn^/?^vf|i- ^ * 

99^f)^a9<iifcovered DodrineSy wj^ici^:^^/z/09 does not dictate 


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Digitized by 


A^.]^ AiieiMIMitoBfgY^. 

hethmks itfliay be anfwered very truly, '"^Tftai'' 
•*3iG|^ gave them Faculties, which if (hey would 

u appljj 

Digitized by 


*%^U|io(4jfl?|wifWtiTi!mh<» which wo^J^^jimi 
*VJ<?,HiiiK>w^«ij aii 5h«yG«»iy .tbsiXiWftei.pib ife?. 


*'f.«iW^nU«briDf if*«f^«I-?«lNfi for; jfff«BM«^a' 
»Vth9te jM«fe «nd!,Mwpe(|Sj',^;i]^l?fln (iheilnflJHCXjis. . 

W^iiH fSbp ^kfi$^«| «honTTW*STh>^.;lh?n?^WS'' 
"^h&M<^c^«fi^«IW S««i<>W'A'<5riflW*tig)pf^e4)|h)«f » 

**oingt lib^"Scrii»»»|es ^a-jP^af)! J^>r* .j|l;i^e ^ Jinwsfeb 

•« Egyptians^ Perfians^ Phtemffqpfy (;:^df0mM^^ 
»« i)^fto.fh»4ni)f»»i J0ftru^<ibiyJ^^nl^ii#vW 

*' -ei 
Sabb,CJ(M«C9,N.,, :, -,., . ^ :o; , . .. ,. ; ^, 

1 ,-■■,■. Here • 

Digitized by 


Arti 1 3: Fir S'E PTfe M^ B»R^ 4^4^ i0- 
¥i^ are twd Schemes, i)o^o(^«hld|¥<i{>^ar to i)ur 

f he Ruin ^' theft' i#tM Eflibimif(«Htliif Aii SVf. 
teife.'^SFof; ftys 4»e, ** If it clrtn6t-%» die#«, 'ikit 

♦^' i'FJwiig* *bf eiiihef bftWAf Wft)ll,» the trtie Inftt. ' 
" ii^c IS,' that is 69d ttis 0ven'ctf(MM'AMfitite ' 
<5^K^di^' ahd'thtnbf; 'aM4 90tti»EV(>^r^'«og«(^r," 
«^%rid:j!oiot)ferve di1^<tfaUl!^iRlil«1oil«i^^ <ft»nMdid" 
" ^<»y tt faft tMfcovW «|««lr N6«A* of Gdd; and* 
•^'^f tfiiii* S<>eHs, and* ©f rwh^iiKJMiAPHiffi^jcas** 
<<■' wdtirtif "kad 'thenh td-Hat)|>iHt:lk ^s:nti^lng> M«n ' 
•'afi<8e»erelP' Iftefe Ulttpyrta*t -Mitten^^'aftdthfty' 
•^ tiniptf' thett ' to • 6ther$ ^ ' iiM* ' tlUft AMfctfivirtg" ' 

« !¥?fl,«icffrourtd«atTiiK!'i{«*4a?''jnAYjg,^hyjb '' 

d^P' hc%!a's,^ffi<«ild'Wlert' >!»**• *ic«(Bl-fe' 'to' 

wHJ^'OM^ Has ^iveh wif?« ' 

«y-WangtKis'laft'Vlxj^oftfow, ^hrinli*!;!/ feb- *' 
vte^i?fa-c^irtg' Hyipoiihdfes. f The flrft ol «hein " 
fu|ia6f^i!h^ GV»//7^Wbrid w H«»e derivW6>The'Notl- '" 
oife^ 91^ fpeakihgrif; by iVaditidif iitnr^dkm Or ' ' 
maBl^6\kA thcift imihidiatcjy frt^rtt-KSdtJr Ntti^, ' ' 
thS Oba'irf'ik^s', it docs ii&ti.ppt^^ th»«*it*>*i'^^*« - 
or^Woa^, received from Gbd My'iMngedftcWnftig' 
th^frt^Trtoffality of th^ SouH of a-ftiturtStaleof • 
Rg^dsVid Puhilhifiifrtts'.; Th<*rt fe'Viot"a«y*P«t- ' 
fe^'cfP^fhrturt frdttf'^Wirtii* ir<*rti befgathertd^ 
thatmy did. ' The tbncltifibh rfiJoft) 'Which otfght -* 
to be, , ihixt they did not i and confeqoerilly^hatv 
"'v-^^* • • . ever 

Digitized by VjOOSlC 

^ much leis to fat is faShry Eviietice. 

The Patrons of this Scheme talk in different 
$tiles: Some^ the Doflor tells us, in general on)y*, 
others make no Scruple to defcend to P^rficnlars^ 
Thefe Particulars he examines with a very critical 
Eye » and a^ he hat difravrrrd rhfir Yanify, hfi 
has taken a good deal of Pains in expofing it. 

When he has finilhed hisDifcuflion of it, h; ukes 
notice of the Injury that Revelation has fuffered, in 
(WO Inftances, by this Uypothefis -^ tho'. pn th^ 
Otherhand, it has been often infifted on as a 
Means to inhance the Advantages of it, and tQ 
put fome Stop to Infidelity. /v>/. He fays, 
^< 'M9ieii loie >]eA a Scheme of fuch Reafoning 
« laid before a Set of Men, who openly call 
f< for Evidence for Revelation, what Effed can 
\^ one exped to flow from hence, butaCon^r-* 
^« mation of them in their Infidelity. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

. SeeeiuUy* " -^ne IS[otion„tha£ the Fatheri had. 

' thft trae 

3at- thtl%thid t 

n jRenga«;'^.'TFb^^rft 

oets^Tmrrowta <Mdtipns 

it%''Ufhf '»s^y)ijiM' /W^/yt^'i 

"''ddfir aj2?nHcwn- to m totfnd 

.•{\\V\'i^4^^^\ i c£ ij. L'rn ol ()] iniiLiLT. IIiw ?i.:]: ::n.: 
jfiai^ftib ni ^'^.^ arrnriji 2';:? to 2:10. 5ii4 t:". I 
.i-^iAuVu-Tjil 05 Knribb 03 :; ^^•5^2 on f)>!}.:'w« ' 
nrl iXiinhY lii-rli fniivmiih gtr. -iri pb hfu - 

29:rf£3 Ofl ,3i Io (iC)fTunliri2iH i-tJ^^nri ztfi orl r;-:-. -» ^' 
ni eboitiliul «:Ln noiJi;bv)5? :i]ih y/r.ral 3:b ^o •^' '^'•^. 
3rii no *odi ^^•V'lioqyll ?..!• V'J .cj -rijr-I <v-'] 
£ 2£ no b-jf •/;.':, fij-to n':)'i i-fl 11 ^f:?l^r:'-'':o 

Hbd ^Inaqo oriv/ ^nt^j/ Io 3!)?> £ sicThJ !• • '> 
'ihnoOs'iud .^r.^mA rrioii v,nf? 03 -iy-ny^. 'i r? ^ 


Digitized by 


.'..'j i- -..A 3ih c-A' ..i'.r.A 2;:.J - •> A''''"-'^ " 


Digitized by 


** Optics arc of a peculiar Nature, wonderful it) 

" their hYrifl^nio^ 4)ri^irt^ 3ind-^^efs a whole 

" Science in a Line. JLafily^ As the Eye is that 

,a«]( :Or1lA)^^mm''^ m#^«Wiii*fae^^^^l|hc 

^5»'.mj{^kaib,t)lf«^, .3if0ng«a^iDi^fitt6«j Co- 

Digitized by 



a«4 9lf WpftBSQ^/AHLtARHxa An. 14. 

^ ljfW9U #f varioai fhntei the veficul^r SMb- 
•« ftwoeor Mm, Feafe» and all kind of Pulfe t 
«« ibe cwioM VoTHM, die particular Structure qr 
•^ Parcs^ and ihe ridi Cokxin diat adorn moft «f 
«« Ae HMriftfe Tribes of Aniioals! Yet all this, and 
^ tenc h t nl iM d times more, is pcrfbrmable by cbc , 
*« Mi4r0/c4f0*^ M Ififtriimeiie ^idi no reafooiblc 
^ Man tiouM want, inafmach as k lervcs him in- 
^ llei(t d A0cr0fcopu gy^s. As to che Beocilc 
•* dbcfe roeeke from tMs Science, whofe Eyts rc- 
« <pinre the Aid df Spe6bdes, it is fo ^re^t and ^ 
^ gpneraL tbac ic would tic mere Impertinence to 
^ pnMeM to fimadate tipoa ic ; and many other in- , 
<« vilMbleWdOTgs rdule ftrM this Artof in^ror- . 
^ log Sight, which che fxp^mycx of MMkioi^ ^ 
^ has lo^ fuiee evtnoed, we cannot be without . 
^ Mdnotbemtierable* 

Hare 1 have exhtbificd oir Audior 10 the Ca|H^ , 
city^rf'M Oraior. We are now to be concern^ 
widi bim at the Writer of this Treatilb, and to bet 
Wormed, both of die Mfotivts which j^omjpted hiai 
CO oodertiike it, and what be b«s done therein. Whtt 
let him«boiic the Work was, according to his own 
Scorf, a Rwjard forriiofc, who, convioced «f ib^, ^ 
exceeding Ufefulnefs of this Science, would irery. 
willingly foidy it, if chejr had a proper Book foe 
ij^ruftin| them in the Principles thereof. , ^ 

Mr. AuffHeauxhi$t<x> lar^,* and too mii^hper- 
plexod with ^t^braUat Eolations, and is therefore: 
only fit for Sdiolars. As for Dr. Grf|;«rv*3 £!«;- 
ments, Mr. Martin &ys, the geometrical Demon- 
ftraiSons of every Propoikioa deter the Reader^ and. 
Mr. Br9^tf% Sop^emcnt thereto, involves him in ^ 
Labyrinth of anslyticai Invefti^ations and Solutions^ 
with little Order and Pcrfpicuity, and great Want 
of Schemes. And Dr. $mi$V% Syftem of Optus is 
too expenfive, and fo vduminous, that it furpaflSb; 
both their Time and UnderlUndings. l4o*to6b- 


Digitized by 


chat have hhbsrto di&our4ge4 Pirfo^lK^ timA^ -< 
dfot foexcelkm a Scknce^ o^ Aii^iw te^^aboot 
tUs new and ccHs^ndioos. 3yfleii!i% < ^— . ^ ^ - 

in the Co{>ftruftion ther^p^. |i^ J4^|g«i if .aejDeOh \ 
ry, as he tells o^io^ <^i^pil^ che^Tfamrf in ai *' 
Ihort) yet ^ prain i Mkwei: as i^c^ble^v ihii»^ ip - 
Cdtoptncu he has done from (he adi^iraWf^^my^i^ '^ 
fel Thecrem invedicd by ihc lai». I^. iiumfi^ 
DiUoHv wd in Dioj^ms b^ yms fx^ppV¥»i wkhifait '^ 
woi^dfrful ,Thc;oren^ 'whk^ (B9C|>i?irc^ ita^^^ ' 

cnce in half a Line^'and is »one i>f die iiod:^ Int 
rtnthm b( Bt ^Uej. > Tbefe . two gBiKtial Tbeot * 
rems he jut explaaieilr aiid-^to <Mt. into ail 

Ch^ parriculgr.^afes .tha(. caiSf ^rife ifom diflfenpic 
Rays, Mirrqurs^ and 1.0)1^, Dii)^ 
tiofis </C>bje£ts; and after thai^i M ai^y &<m^ 
not lapd^and the Tki^M-Sfccmf, iie ha| cai*4 
fally cx|)Iaine4.orratJ»cjqpre^, twh^TlifOfpin 
(in i^ktoptrics and J^^fljpftr#Vj> in 0^if ;0, kmb^ 
McT fo xeduc^d tbetn |o <JEluk9^ by^ ipfi^ich # ny Cafe . 
naybcrVfotved troly^ Igy ^bofc who -^^9^, no&iog 
of ^kiirsoT Gtomiisj^ ., tjle h«s aiTo j^yca Jgjcaov* , 
pfc$ :tt9 cv€ry Cafe t&ut ccquiijei «> m Numkers$ 
Mid ilfuftfiated thena by> $chieil>es %i^^^ . 

JRMp^.M^rrt^urs^ and jLsi^is^ ^ ^rgfi ^ ^c Life. 

After the Ti^vf^ h© has |;iKcn^,^ i«*tfi«^ thi^d ; 
ftrti api Ac;count of all thie ufeful f^Wfal Inftru-r 
ments itnd Machines, ^wh(>fe Ns^UTfi 4)Ad tPpn^roi^: ; 
lioo* he* has fully; expliiocd fron\ the Theory: i-anc^ 
exemplified their Ufe$ hjrdiverjs ^d.,%mili*r;Ex^ 
tmples. In flu>rt, he i^lUasn^ V^M^v^f- W J^<%d 
curious, new, and worth tb^ l^adec'^ i^o&c^^, he \^% - 
infer ted all along i but ftudi^udyayoided^ll nvigi^ic^ 
ry Remarks, and ^^MinuH^i #f th^ A^t,^pQ ^one 
lund ; and on tl% otfaer^ ,;ail qf^efita^ous SnbtiU 
Cks, and ufl^lefs Diquifuions^ that may pua^, buc 
not profit the Reader : His fok Defiga be4i»g %> rendei? 

P the 

Digitized by 


[Oft St^ Q^bis ScM(i aTSiiH ^^iT^igMu]), ihd 

the Modus of Vifion } aftqBM«^coofi(lei:S\«betiiBo- 
jofif^oflC «te ^SSye^niaA&iEyidi^fldonitas rftr its 

JJV It 1. - 

Digitized by 




^Ar%L-f4f^-Br.$ .RiBXi M-B BAp i(t4*. «t)7 

the apparent Magnitude of Obj^ds^- 'I'ft^'fk&fts 
-wU^^Odts ^ Vifio^ iif« afterwat^'^iAteB but •, 
ratidiok> lir>tbi««7« h«»#'<e^^iit><!!r6tiil«dyf bylcohvix 
rraii isttObifii £^«i'<UitS^€lik<ii^» -"fi¥' ^ Sleduel 
of this Part Mr. Martffi^^')i^^i!h8^Hriatpd of 
3riM<OMMi«[€ft^daitV«f Mic^oicJlDp^^ general •. 
>q^ JI(igle>'M(cn}i2:b^ cmttde #Ufif fc- Ifma}! L^ris, 
i:$pi|00l^ <or f^ir^cAiVl ^■c6i»poilii&'^t(irokt)pis^ 
-.'MariM^g<tf'tfr<»0'<if' itioK Lenfei, ahd'-Ykei'r'Ffcywsr 
nbC'iti^iirykigi i df ^^i^t^totffdfflioh o^ the 
M0&|(iftfi(>iift,d <>th« ]«imiite°AM 1t)! a'!f4icrofec»pi^>of 
^dUfivu^Cyeif i)iAii*«l o^'tibe fvatwe; ' ftnif ' Efibfb pf 
titit^atpolitfi lifii»r«ftbpe, #itb"a^ dMbfe- concave 
oMi^ti^^)^ b(aCa«i.^idpfPk^ - op^eadSlihg Miei'o- 
Ibopes} of Tdefcopes ingcoeral, and of tftecon&rf)on 
#dj^tf^t<^e£fi»pe jfnipAMicalar v (:f^aHU(f»'Tt\e' 
rftopapbr Pibi^tdn^e-^U^v o^ tb^aildt^ UibbEche 
' kfiTiaxiisi^ 0i;^ 4titCMdatiitil »ie foil's 
iallditl)je\)iffi»«lit<KefrBngibiDiy «ntf |^efl»t- 
„ .IttitiBf^andriiiet'lli^rfedidn^iir^diopiT 
:<:^ei»tAiVrifing'li»(^ dMncei of th^;<i:ita^^ot>tric 
b«r iiotafilBiig^efefbopei iti lPhedry,^Gbnfoaftion, 
Ifiand^U^ irf'^)4»Ii<»dniettt«J «iid ^i^' Methtod' of 
3(||c||ptfi^clNBbv MtMJbivasopts- iuid <rel(!lbopes<; t)f 
•1iBt(a$>8idM> lifftrufliebi «»»>ftM^r^i ^h^'A<ngfe 'of 
srMiMS,^ ;^liMW:iag''th^< apt]«b-en?M^itiide of 

Y<^M?Jie^v(tff> Aie/M^gjlB^binihU^,:^ and < Oj|)erii. 

There are in thb laft Part of the Book twd^r 
b«iH-«B>^iiEtoP'iH^ite dinft^v^i^ay- Whibh^muft 
3lafiUaliftnPEb0Attl(iQKM?ito ^m^ iUatJISrs, •tvho 
btei^qttiyniM iJttaft '1Z'tfi6bilre<'«(f 'the-' CMnaer^bf 

'ii 1 Jb 2tfe(Bo«Mn|ii{ Cta^^- twfc' ha«t lai Accovtia: of 
totfaaikcrjrkarii)Qy ibidilfi^iiflftrafne^ l^-Cifw^Vtf 
toQij^av^ ^Ituf ii^ M». JlftMiK%i> t^io* a iitn. 
*>^ilc» yet a very wMc Conttivance, ioafiniich as it 

Pi nr.oft 

Digitized by 


\ ,.i .'.;-' ^ 5 -^ ■: H. 

Digitized by 

*« Micbail 


Art 14. For SEPTEMBER, 1740. 209 

liftinat and difo6i<Aiibte'y smAmAJl 
Vii\db^r'Hfet"'i!he?fe ■^aUndi: be' 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

2?9 Jfif^'f^^^i^^h^^^r^fhi^.h^ 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


** making thte lefierPidure, and the .bcgm'iFbdBs 

^f, i^^# jifcigtwteriweiiarejtt -^iibflJtiBOi; JB^wthb 
tM)€»nAofen»:r*«fi|t^!i.h6 /dirtU«ifli««p»waflutoriy 
•*tttilfvl('"M»<«iBi??8>C.'h»$cAffw.-:'F«t3 by «Wrtfifcig» the 
,«.«f!^u|j,ja«nifi ^o^l^ HtfeajJt jkWifBimfoflmtttr 

■•f ,*^i frrf<»mbi«ui}ei«i^W &»j!ihfe^ R0e«3flJQb3from' 

•< them, by holdin^fyb^^a^iodttiBidffiqiifA. 
/[«,Tbwf»I(ft,fee5feeiwi,[iib(8ddi«i»<ftiFWRtij*i, after 

^< todiverg|),{igBr<i$M>tofO:jC^fii:irJw«k!jrii«)f ^fa^ 

Pi.lpe^ t<^Fl«g5!Ra3»t,»s»hfi Tihfiory tMdle^arijA»N 

♦* uaced. Farther, .rijnl nn "* 

nnX<rPi*%vQib% 4>fc8lltaF iH!i tfekfti (SMtyfafe the 
jVri .JlWMj w4toJAat^^opiojito®iaaij<aflrli)n^a 

Itti w^ft^Nl^fiiWf t^WeftsjthRjbfftWftiin ,tM«G«*»rfc, 
i{Jf^^)m^\-^^ ^^ fe«f^ ;?ifcid«iek!.pf»peinrijDf, 
•4l»fi§il^9 i%i!ff ^rff «^TBfe©i^P0l«mtKlEji«nd 
'nth " * *' ^^^ 

Digitized by 


** But in making Experiments •#!*> the^S^ 
MHi Bnbftitna '^arkiCfikffibet? fine^ tIidfr>H4ys Ml 
tMi^«i(6 g!iitt(li0bU<UiiQ4<e(pickil)|r ^ te idie ' ^Mnlwrw 
eMi/ifU, aodfO'Otedie/mtMincMivieii^tforUlbjdie 

^] t^tir^n cff tfaeii'raiM of^'JiNlijtlf t^ -JStfJ^im- 
•i!Aj«dMiaifci)iiie«tbe-B4ll ieftlf, by t HiAg^i ihat 
\fMrft>7hlnoiai)g4}poi(nd down it may receive snf r6- 
rffo^^>tfie>:SiKi BRiimttiA my^Diieaioft'whitrdetd'i 
rt«tnidi asifaythki Coiftriviif«et4fatfy 'n&y t)e ihadfe 
i!%icSar«flk/ wiU be feandextFemel)rttieffiI«fidd^- 

i^it«( ^tHdMintNiPteftftkl itt tfte^BiH kftTf^tiieii 
-^Mmayi«beiCfiiiidcr'>-<>f ^Raft'bd'Mc'' oMf «iA lA 
4$uM]iidireAiQrH.teil attbiotnf tPftrtbT'tftelloodn. 
\f(i)t)i«p Miiptettbiu&g'aiH bemtirklHBtt.- ' ;:' 

*( Oie great Ufe of the Camera Ok/c$irai'ti'ttlk 
rAhadfi^iAmifvi^iPfjfyi^pllim'^of^iil^a/irfiii^ /teat 
.ft iieii!plf](fimit^iljifii Hf-^MrteM ^KhS dthefwife 
tfAi:i$,3i09a^«Mei>(T«i!yV>dliB<tDW -fi» ibe^^dKltilMihecf. 
1«^ 2l'iiir,Mit(Srtr'iiPekfrti!m^^4^-''a9ri(f^ c^itaift' for 
•<ft «^i(w«,<fi»«i^ <«id»iW»i!>««e tJI»:)«)Hrj^^ bedmlTe 
■W^hepibw «> t«kf ftfld<i4re<y'Vi^b<:FbbJ»'; !knd 
««A tberefaifk tSitt\ng^x^t'<BM of' a':ili&e*'ciri'>t6e 
^lOfispthfi^GHialM^ of' ^dfbctd'^isVfeefr dh^t^e 
it*3B»AcjA Wm^xfPUdtdipsbA^dadtiatY^Bi^ of 
♦• an Inch. , l^.-n ^♦ 

t*fd«2nii laMK^^ wych <»a^ >Ao ^iH^ 'Poctis^ * It %1B 1^ 
airt](itfy3(ja>.'firid< ^ Diftanbe of'fl^vMiitlPj^us 
<*H<ihB»tii;lMbritef * Onrle, • fuppde ttf tjm!e^lich<f 
^dE&m<i^(!^it>il^aiPtelcecta#t)e»n:<#htte Bipef ^ hold 
(M^hBP^i^^dii:^^. B^i^>ck;%dhcave Leris m 
,Aiclie}Rt{if«, >}it0ltti<m^kmiiht 4Mn).tHe'Leiis£ till 
•4athi»(fn«}ildiki4gii>ight 8{$G« ^f^ cl^et^tt^-Kays 
tffiicsi^j ifitinbeiCiifcfc^n li>«¥a^ y^n Aaeiirure 
•>it »> • .« the 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


*' or ito'^oSt iSAit^]^ikiW^tm"9Hm^miii 
^swhich: isitbobertripind xitoat iJMlfit ite4tt^'J^ ^icb 
fib thft Su^llFQxy99brithC}he)i)i% :a^iSt«eAr»6t'^i^e 

»H:Mr^ oa wbMhitM'BfMt^dih (lte:)8ibi(ViSt#fiSeaf^itt 

•* which will magnify both the Image and>!t&'^>dii 

iff afop.'r;^ wr^bj^s^en^ #hogn«^%1 D$ft&Hl^« 

ftt!( »ei.t 5p onanojRietil^ewlJfifeei 4ttV.'<h^<#aallBli 

** fmall one of Fe>tust Jupiter, and Saturn f 'WH^ 
,^r.may^^tbd fi^%i»\0Nt^fflied-<^€«<?>oie^i«€^t^all 

-ffc £>«)fo)!;.ifucW£ai5 riarciwth03^y^t&)!^s^»f&](i!Re 
^(6aPJ>^i£iflke^m^^M^mft?^»mtdi]^ ^t^m^ 

Y*f.d-<ftidoreeri»iIUite audiaifllfea!) « lo' ^^'^'^ ^d o3 3i£ 
ji . «« Diver* 

Digitized by 


itaining ..iwO'lerties. f)*o^J» <<iif^ 
*« till fuch time as it gives j<dEaJ^>1am}' n«a7 i]itr^e 

^«j Yl|i^]»\i^ #re«gijnil!ipnBmiife<t{byfthb ^uh^xsatA^ 
J*\j»%g#?^ugb!ithoffiaJ4iii>rkhit fiof|)oife. '• ' 
rj]iv* 'i^a'aii^ tbUg McCtk bc'donetwith' iiifi^a^ 

J^*53J#ffiPr.<«n9irt!ftjMirrtouPi -<aedii iii v'^rtfe 
j^^wtME^^coisrtlfcnHiakfc tiw! Slifi Offithlh 

tijili^n^l^pj^id jtt)iti [th&j«a«<MatdHd7B ao »itttI6 

y^^J^SHJ^i)!) ftwbtoa^cioi^'.tlto&r^ifrrail (®b^$j^a^- 
3|iBP* (^M^joHpi^fi* ^S9al!^u«r(ftpiJdi!gtfnahd'^eX- 
,!l)(fiEflilil»glyj6Je»BfteMi htighf, imoo^tBe wfldftid 

In the fifth t:haptef^rltothird:-i^rrirf>tfaie:!S^- 

dP¥:JM*^ fgk*t^goi<<» tks W^irif^ing, ffbweils «f 
W^Mpkf^i^k i«df>thftifee{^'3ri*DoeroQf fqiwirtg; 
rfhSffb ^^ MAf aMj^IpespcHjs «»%: bbitowthfe 

3ffiryfa^djlrtif|pi^(^eftfi5wb«ih ?Jbav*:)i;fttfe^cAAraH- 
ffftg«si<^«? tke.Qlg^s^tfipfeafcthwreittitaaft d^'\heV 

9re to be hadior a Ci^tlBrififi: ittils«ib')inloft>ieafy 

2!3ViCI '> . to 

Digitized by 


2i6 TleWoKKt of tifeLjLARViEJi. Axt,J4^ 
tabe uk^^^l^T:iii^ftin h^smadetrkPof vafi-' 

A 9 M>5 ^^^ A of an Inch, the ^beft fdr KXxnmDn 
life. ^iHis'xdiqftsidbiiUd^lGftndb. Far,, .^m ' 

t^ f ^ SiiicBi ^fhe-^ihe^rtir <'thei Xysi ^can aippi'O^ch ^ to * 
<V^dnI (itt)jbift^'jlic kcgcp lie ^jfiip^rS) J id k iglfkij'' 
«ijflbat ^z^\-jiiiUe^^nd' ipM^ i rtfrn^jT-Xenjiiisr iar ; 
•4j:{iTe%sArio(tdIiva jpA^^r^^d^i^Zjia;', Jacdaafe • if 
««v the ifihtcecaoc Conyeacic^ fa^^the £un^>^^;tfae<ibcah 
«^"]iimgfbl>'0fdc^<fQfnipt ^nfaurlialf( a^ i^g^ia^^ 
^^^thqt^ic£ t^iyfacfgroT lALmi/yfi6i:e Jthe^j dDnble" 

M[;(«ibri'^niOb)ofti is, to JDb^magnififedylilie^gi^paitw 

*Kjfa(jURrt- '>vtken /jfi^ihcre jjI fcll .}«tridHifr-*friwo(itfiwg(fe 

<^^^»^X bGi5(inife Jiemi/^e^m tto&^JCQanB^cnsi^ 

K) Witlt thdbvf^siall ^8pbip»b4 ke iff Itet^g^i eatr2^o#h 
dimry Degfwa<bfi mc^ai^pih^ Qiiiy. IxirkiTiyiedraiY 
. 9i For; The Eobisndf ^g//^!i7jijifi)b^iog.ib8Kr Jii 
«^rj|. theiR^ds diftint! ^oinritbeiSpbiixil^ ifiicHo 
«f:^]^a<}ms-of 4>Spl>eruIelbd^.i^<^ii^^^ lib« P^ 

«vWiUhavrdiflina> Vi(birQf:itot;e>bJ8a bydtfeaM 
^:there^, ^^ati chc^ Diflgnce iof'cJa '^aiiu^hid^ba^ 
^ )i. »; /^^feaii Iad)^>nDifIndi^iafiiiit^dsliDiit th^r^ixtH 
«.<: Farciof 6 ^indhes^ .ffievs^!dikti<theiX^^j ad» 
t^ 'C^bjed )fUl ^3 magnified 4o^0nAes, tK>«fiRri;|)^ 
^ i^oo timesj feadv.chft 4^«di^jr.>64oa)i6 liirieaj^l^ 
* fticb>aiftiiilhSpbcte.:i-i ^ii^ v'J . ^ u /.i^l r-'^i^*! 
y.iS.ll^ Cbfl ;Rai£ua tf/c» SjpfaerdeLbebut^ ^f iM 
f^iindi^vifabociwiiLtheiByedaVe <^dfiifiA ^^ilihd tf 
l^:iat iObjc&.iattuttie<.Diftand9ni)f , ^ ^fjv^ln 'Iqokj 
«\P! .^diidiv^'^'tt^^'is. bbtiftHci Sbthbf arddii6cliicbeBj 
^ jflfewBthfeZ^agtib ifi OI]^o% wiUboppcaflr iSa tabes 


Digitized by 


«<^(6rfncbesiBliftaode.^ri! jbnl /ib ^o fi bnr. ^ *. , .S 
" Again, .ifc'ihe cSfiflflOitetdirfbaaflpttef idtlbe . JU 
'osofrlaaoiqqh, inr)the(Xadiitts^ffthcnrl9/i&rfi£Eyc 

^itfakivefiarife (hs(£dE!;9^cai'\QQJ&^sAvilbi3Qlnk^ 

^ffldscib ^dac aiiVi^eiKtJifiif raagnilyio^) ab'>m«p^{rev> 
^^Hiilb-fadqidn. Ujidcrii)aQd£nge<^nti> €Mii^«bfsn&^ '^^ 
ao(t.tyi^,''>Mr j ;itffli^i:tdJB <:«^ 
crt I makiQ^iSphetules ^iibiaU^' ) andit foMilld^ithaii'' 
sS^tibovfftnefidbnfid. • l :^e^- fets l^^nQrfwo i^ayii^^ol'' 

and held in the blue Part of^^dip' Elftil*p trfF?a Can« 
dk^i(ticara3ih«{ijQfeMl (a.^i»p:^&r]|iQ§>witJiiiSpit^ 
)AfjBi)^viiffidiBdi,vi9y 4^HEq^:il€)fia^£kni^{pe^*^ 
iinnB»di^dydm^kSt}i&\\gfo^ f^nJdo^oiriihQilPdint 
aHntht l^Uedid^Sasdiboio^ mdiBd^ tbciyt;>»iU^ji«aw» 
njJ^ 0dii ^fbbl ai£rdan^|rhdEDiinvicaidcH %>8:^i;0^er 
Mi3tk!h>(rf ftf|r{^ec(il4pwUht/af3rtidUffVa£U(k vi» 
lj^^,V^^e^\\fiiS^ &bdobroag])tQoodi^ericat^ 
Fl0|n9rf}iUd:]^Bsiitb6r^rk]iG^ IdsiPa^icks.sOfi^ 

«fae llti[eAEl|Bt$:thor61t)bbIeRwiinb^:jgod^er^ bthfrnAiiei*.^ 

^a^3inia ^QSidydCtu^ii^ sotiBbml pfeiftilTobmco^ 

Pipe, and then by dippingthd^ailtiKiffimdoof tf 

U &mf, Ahiiihf,^ SKhiffa:i3|Gm^rMlk9^bfidbiD0^nn^^ 
prfopfernLetigtb^ ; land)fcdi3(Eraiitofci?fiiebid«7rbaaa 
Biebr^aDidnHftDfriodiiw ^(iliDit^f degoi^JvvMrb^' ^ 

bmkei pfF\che Thread. 

«« In 

Digitized by 


*• In either of theie Ways, great Care tnuft be 
« had nociaChoffl cKerS tbo toi^ fh the Flame 

\^»«^-&'t ar#t<«?>3oii|,'#&3/ft * 

•If tii,-^ W^lJl'^lejilifoaiQnd^etlafo^SllOna 

« Hole in a Plate of Brafi. iit }omf'W^mrA 

If til,-^ W^lJl'^lejilifoaiQnd^etlafo^SllOnall 
« Hole in a Plate of Brafi, iH mtif'W^mrA 
In ufing thefe SpheruU Microfitpesi the Ofa 

A*f Sijipftt^ «yA.^«ili»^Faw«ilr'atf?cEiiglfe «»- 
•'*<) »}g 1^{^V.x4«dvit i«rpuidiix><t^2tfb1teM^W^ 

I- ^.W.9^^|U:S'o^«iliMiorbr()m^f(Mri^J^^ 

.lHFqpcl«rltf); ]^QfeeHfMituHi{itQau]^(te^%ilk iSmtt 
^ jw^h ;|ii^|:.|l»ate«iie GtKfnffiifs^t^Jtmti >tjf>M)£h 
. Potfie^. 4;ppr#), !»^r«t6(tKidii(nioQr8d{> ^^) { ^-'^^^ ^^ 
^ - > gDtie^l^^Uig; p9«puiEUiqnnc&tte'4iA[^i8^% 

.Ccttv».,I,filfcs ;ga>eratt]R»\\«i«ATb»<\«^tUJ(»- 

;*\ , ftai^o^ ; ir^K«ljRo"£x«K';.: If^«fie58«ke»«b wm. 
«< ftance of fix Inches, we can but? jdft^HUflS&n^Mi 
i*v .QJaif^ itei *«« iintfl£^o8igiavijiij,:xbf»'^' 
fl!;0 loe^itCnPManoi) adie20iiipa(JwUl4|i{)»if«o\ 
i^^As^ufhv j^K0;rtdifO(^ih^Lca^; 4hUfi^ ^(m^i 
^ttir. nuM <JM^«^^tsbi>iamib>ironi>thtiM^= 
«« kis than its Diftance from the £ye." 

■ ?^'^<-"'^ • . ARTICLE 


Digitized by,> 


inow proceed to abrief Analyfiisofthe"^(;bhdPai^ 

,4m iir^ftieaiDiSrdK) jtheiBeete' «f iMe^ l4t^ Tift- 

il3t**<T»»?.wvja^.H«fc-.Wi%BrJ ^te--rtn^ 1» 'two 

Clafles } the Qbeieoin(iiiKbehMr)g''thcife>»1ibfi> W^- 

•0lS}^lkfSSaS fAtitim^ ths^qthcs^ t&d'^ "^ftdfe Works 

3&d9^Hffi)bnliraib«(ids3ite ttoi' M^oit^ «f -cKk 

trai^yp^ltiMbi'cftiiS&Kisiioefi 4i«»^ Iwlbn ^sfiithb 

* See WtrJu cf tb* LimruU for JTow laft, ^. 4SS • 

„ Ancieots 

Digitized by 


220 The yf/okKs of the htAkffiEjy. Art. tgl 

Ancients and Moderns concerning him and his 
Writings i and-then he goc^^ on to obfcrve what 
there is^ fuBfcrvlent to our prefenc Furpofe, that is, 
to the Confirmation of our Faith in the facred 
Scriptures, in thofe ^^iorks of his that remain with 
us. • 

Eufehius lias fcveral Paflages of St. Clemnty re- 
lating to his Quotations of the Books of Scripture, 
or his Hiftory of them. Thefe our Author recites 
at large ; and then begins his Animadverfions on 
them, with confidering the Difficulties in the two 
Accounts which \g»/^^/» J has given concerning St. 
Mark's Gofpel in the fifft and laft of them, and 
reconciling the feeming Contradiftion that fecms to 
be between them. Thefe Ppints being difcuflcd, hh 
entertains us with a great many, very valuable Re- ' 
marks of another kind, calculated entirely for the 
Eftablifliment of the Authority of the divine Ora- 
cles.; for they diftindly ftieW us to what Parts of 
the New-Teftament St, Qkment has fet his Seal, zk 
.we may fay. Thus, 

In the Citations abovementioned, Mr. Lardner 
fhews us, there is a very valuable Tcftimony to the 
four Gofpels of St Matthew j St. Mark^ St. Liike^ 
and St. Johny^^l which were owned and received by 
dement. Moreover, there is a Tradition con- 
cerning the Order in which thefe four Gofpels were 
writ.-— We have therein alfo an Affurance of the 
Genuinenefs of the Genealogies in the firft Chapter 
pf St. Matthew^ and the third Chapter of St. Luke. — 
There is a particular Account of the Occafion f of 

f It was this, Peter having publickly Preach'd the Word at 
Rotne^ and having fpoken the Gofpei by the Spirit, many of 
the Hearers entreatrd Mmrk to write the things that had beea 
fpoken, he having long accompanied Peter, and retaining whae 
he had faid. It is added, that when Mark had compofed the 
Gofpel, he delivered it to them who had afked it of him : Which 
wh^ Peter knew> he neither forbid it nor encoarag^d it. 


/ - 

* Digitized by LjOOQIC 

Art, 15- -R^ SEPTEMBER, 1740. 221 

miting St. Mare^ Gofpcl. *— Of St. Jobft he 
fays, that he writ laft. -——The JStf of tbt A- 
pofites alfo \% owned by him, and afcribed to Ijiki 
as the Author, who Hfcewifc tranilated the Epiftte 
to the A5r*rf tyj. — The EpiftlC/Co xht Hebrews is 
dwned for PauFs. * 

St. dement quotes feveral of St. Paulh Epiftks. 
Of this Mr. LirrfA/^rproduccsmany Inftanccss and 
then notes, that the Epiftle to Philemon is no where 
quoted in his remaining Works: This, he thinks^ 
may be afcribed to the Brevity of it. 

Haling gone over the Epiftles of PauU our Au- 
thor proceeds next to the fcven Epiftles, called Ca^ 
tbolie. And with regard to thefe he chufes to be very 
circumftkntial, in order to Ihew how far the re- 
ihaining Works of Clement confirm or diftgrce 
with the Account given by Eufebius^ which he ha$ 

In the firft Place he takes notice of divers Ex- 
preflionsbf Clement\ which feem to have fome Af- 
finity with others in the Epiftte of St. James. But 
after a flight Examinatbn he fays, ^^ He perceives 
<^ not in St Clement any Quoution of the Epiftle 

* In the third PafTage of Eufibiut^ relating to CUmm^ which ' 
our Author hu cited, are theie Words : << And he (CUmtut) 
*\ fays, ihs^ the Epffi/i to iifg Hebrews// PaalV, attdikutittjms 
<* fwrotetothe Hebrews /» /^Hc;bi«w Lm^w^t: And that Luke 
•^ halving carefalfy tranjlaud ft, puhUAid it fir the XJfi ^ thi 
** Greeks. IVhich is the Rea/on 9f that Conformity ofStyii ^bich 
** is found in this Epiftie and tbt Acts of the Apoftles. Bist that 
** he did not make life, of that Infription, Paul the Apolllc, hi- 
" cauje, nvriting to the Hebrews, av^<? tvere prejudiced againft hJm, 
** eind nvere fttfiici(?us of him y he nmfet^ decHited fettii^ his Nasm 
** at the Beginnings lefi he, JbouU offend them, ^ And after^biierds ht 
faiys: ** Vow as the hleffed Frefhyter fgtd : Forafmuch eu thi herd, 
•* 'was f ant as the Apoftle of Almighty. Qod to the Hebrews, Paul 
•• out of Modi fly, as bein^fent to the Gentiles, does not fiile him* 
•'^ifeif the Apofile of the Hebrews: Both out if Rtff<a to the 
•* Lord^ and that being the Preacher and Apoftle of the GtttVt]ti^ 
' * he over and above writ to the Hebrews. 

Q « oi 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

*^ of St. James ^ or any Al}ufion or Reference to 
*<^ ^t %k -eaii be ilepenckc^' tipoi^^^ 
/^Bltt^theJArft E^iftfe'of; /^^/?r, thd flrft Bpiftlc of' 
J^hA^-'tMi^ EpiftJc'^f ^^^rf^^^'ar^ pften qyotecf 
by^^ib'y bP^Avriich Mr: -L^niner, h^s ftt^ddwh di^ 
VH's'fet^plds.'- His Qjjot^ti^h bF th^ fifft ^^jgiftle^; 
of John intimatcjs fhat the Apb^te had Writ'^fe- 
Gdftidv'^tf ^Hw-'alfb a thtfd. *^'** *Trs plajn tijerefpre,^ 
'^'Tayi our JSurhdra he kntf^ \tnd t)W;ieci 'one'n!|or^^ 
«' £fAAle 6{' St. foh^i arid ' pbflibfy f:wb mbre -i; 
<^^' y^idti'he'ikmtaiiot' tp y^^iSr/a the Elderi birf i^ 
<f''jlM\h^ A^ftlcAhe fame WJio is the ^utlior 

<i^<)rthfefif*;'opi5get' Epiivfe.'*;^ ' ' ^' ■/:,' ; '7 

^'^Mk'Laf^ptify^^i't^^^ V^'^f^ Cpmjparifbrt. ojf 
die 'QuOtatipnJ wliicfh-'nlb Kis'mWn {iio(i(!^iemeni\ 
imf^ the-'Aciibtiht'Whfch Eii/ihiui has ' giVcn of ttie' 
Bodto' cited byi«t CHem^ht. ' This, clones' wit^ a 
l>e(!kVaii<inj 'iHSt "' we. have* not at prefeiit any 
<*;^ <5fourri* td^tWnt; that^be'Epiftlc of Jjtniesl the 
^f'^ittohS of' ^Piiir^ or th? third 9f y^i«, were r)^- 
*^^ <:eH^ii • 6*^ Cfmehtj'or fo'ipuch as fctjown to 
<^ hlirf. ' \ HdWeycr; as to the xh\rd Epiftle oijobif^ 
I'^nlidfeifig tlie'Shottncfe of it, we have no jpod 
^AVgDfm^rit 'to Cbndilde,' fie \^as 'unacquainted 
«^-withi:*^l^ :>i ' ' -' • :/ y; .• ;;: 

^7 Y'he*' B06IS ofi the '-Nevefaii9n is fevefal dmes 
4*lte^-6^^-^$t (^/(jg^^iz/V' ftnd'm'fdch a'Way, ^s der 
Aot^l'Ae rt}pptfftd*7«&>» the Apoftle to 'be the Pen- 
mialn^yirft/ ' '' y'/]-'^ , ' ', " ' / '« |'^ '"'' *. 
^Mr/'Lei^tfB^r ft*iw*fums li]^ tf\e t'eftfiribiiy^'gtven 
iff^Glemenf to'ttei Ne^^fcftameiit: ' He ^tft'cn 'giVes 
us' ' fofMfe" ^^b^l^l • ^Nai^.qi, ^ Titfcs arid • biVifiBri^* of 
tiit B<>ok5'tliei'eo^, ^s Ihe^^bftuf tn tHe/W^ki^.gs of 
Chat F«Hcr. - • 'A't^r ' whlch'^he* gbe^ Into 'i tridcal 
I^t^fy/ ^! WHeHier^^to^^ '^quotes aHv'"' other 
•^'Wekingfei *a^ ^^acrea/'or of lAuthority, IfadfWitii 
•♦'tte'ftime «tfpfeA'V^itf! he 'cxpi-effes for tibfe 

Digitized by 



Aft. 1$. ,^or SEPlTEMBER, 77.10. 223 

wni^' Be nas hitherto been iTpeaking. . : An^ that .^o* 

i|ijiX^.IJK jpett^r judge of this Qucftw^ Mr-.i^^f^- 

^i^jCQnfiacrs parncularjy '. C/^w^/^f Qjjotat^onii q^* 

tw^ ,^ns of .Wri^ngs^i thofe which j/vc <raU C^r^ 

J^'^^^ if^^', BccUfiafitcal^ and forn^^.othFri., v(i)iq^ ¥«,» 

ggr^lJy'call ^Wj^W-. • \ .. ,. ^ u 

;;^'!fV . the former Sort are, the JEpiftle of J^arna^fi^ 

th.e Epiftteof Clement .pf iJ^wf, and the ShepJ]<{rd' 

oY'Berma^.] There k np Occafion^^ NJ^r. Lardner 

fays^^' "to tak« notice Here of 7(ifisM^ pr ai>y. other 

Writers 'befides thefc. Sc, B(irJMba$ i$ ckc^by- 

Clement five or fix times-, at Icaft,. under the Titltf 

fX.Ap^k. Our Author has macje two Rcmarfcs'ori 

tliefc Citations: One iDbcw that B^nfqbas.ii 

ffjJeci an vf/^7?/^ only in an ififcri9r Spnfc, as it *.aA 

6R^fi grcd by the- ancient jC^/7?wrw.-» The other i^ 

to prove that Clement Idid nq$ ciieetn the Epiftle oi 

idrnahas as canonical. Our CA?»j/tBi ' has dcycrrf 

tinje^ (juotfed his Name- fake, oi'Rmr^ ^nd H^rmav 

aiib^'pnder the Name of Apotflesr yir.JLArAner 

has fet-.down thcfe Quotations^ andoi^fcepthe f^p-ic 

Obfervationupon them,* as on thofc^ ojf fiarnaiasj 

vis. that Clement deemed them oply what, wc tcrmi 

yfpo/otkal Men. And with regard to the CjtatipiW 

of all djefc Writers, he notes in general, | **; T^hac 

^* it'.fecrps not, very cafy to determine thei^faftJDes 

*^ gfee bf Refpcft which Clement had fpr chcm ; 

"but he perceives no Evidence' of his having, the 

" iaqie for them, a3 fpr |hc Gofpel^i, and i;hfi Bpi- 

*'. ftles'of th^ Apoiiles.'*-^He might fftccin thepi 

f^nekt/to Apbftlc^i and in cirifJg their Books, the 

',*j Forn)s of Citation may bear a Refemblance with 

<'^ tfijoSre'^ufcd when thofe of the Apoftles ihcmfelvca 

*\ jiy^rc mchtioned "; Jjutftill there may be a fupcri- 

^< our, Regard had to the Writings of the Apoflles' 

•^^alioye alt. other:'*/ A^ Mr. ^^''^/^^r thinks there 

^3 by eur tlemntl ^^nd a}l Qitholici; Chrifti^^s inr 

gffioerak He adds, '^* jif irit and Z.«jtf , Apoftolical 

^ 0^2 '* Men, 

Digitized by 


** Apoftks Preaching and I>o^iM>, tn^ltfirt^^ 
«rnwhitil»AMO t»«ic«9«dafc<iiitMtf i^smd-o^Aut^ri- 

«R DoAriiidi im-0ita^ (fi^mpv(ftA^mifm^. 

of this Matter, whereby we perceive his SeA^fmti^ 
Wt j^^-^illk^4llbfe<»f: (Hei^^bABiK ^ Hbthi^fei^ ^ 

iKi&)MtlIttri«£H9»fto^i^ih'^th(^1i%1ieR ^fe of thfr 
Sn^OrdjH no^*4»i»j]fetflP WfWftg^ -^tJiJlde* >ht. 
f^.BbtjQp (ificti^^''^^ 9$/iiiMn»r, nd4 tdnMioiiljr 

ab A1fctUiffi-^''M& IfOliofi conc«miflg th^ Sm^flBth 
Vikdtsp <>^«^M^^>h}tiU:htiniliitPi$5hge^ tb ic^ 
Ipidlv^g^riWt^^l^athi^; i|k weH;^ St. r^i^/Arr 

iQvtra (boitty gfta^^ R«l^'%r£tHe- ^%/i jthan t^f 
delaVetti s>|>»r^h(iisN»<ai!|ayafiedi"«htd! ^SibiHfyu 
Verfes quoted brf '^(if: «f#-'tl«:^':PSrj^ry ^4&m^ 
CbrilltkrA^^ }^M^ift«)^ Gi?i«M> Mi^ the' f i^/ a 

ftlref «ti3«h^ (lfld# ' a^ftfc^bf f<hli Wbrdj -togtthce 

after all, he fuppofes it nW-HMJ^v't^i he 4ii^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC I 

"^ ■ J 

%mK><ff>|h<b^M«ik) «(f^.4V#«Ml dbjrniibofl m 
^i^RMh. T6 ^ nb»v^ii»K»pftre4dlifo4Mn)cCht 
f^' Sibyl Pnfbtuft as i^.^Mli^^s»^Mkt^ibMam<$rA 

fot|^i«f?4l|||chyirA8,:-^() «l»T!Me«ir£«l«£ dab 
l^o^^lMy >^.> ifff fKDldOEilx I McoRMOeiMmi 

He ts but flwit upon Strafiwy BiO|»pd>S3i^^m&>i 
m-wf^^ 0,3 ' 2. Hij 

Digitized by 


%t6 ^^fhi&^J^/SliSm%&&m^ IliA 

'ikifioEi^ »^|;MiiS^f>oAetp h«/eiasvfeA/v 0.1 no 

Tutiibf^jaauiykii iSctifStisft^jnm^myi WititidgHof 
iiP/A^&L dt hddoiotxibeebtikhvvrodmsii^ luO 
^^\T^ «j(V9i Hill A)N ^(upi ft^iery r.khg Chaptel^ ^t 

li^itlQbfbrtut^tiiMiK qjbitbdilWIofia'i^ ocincxfJDfabg^iui. 
jbitbfatjPaititaub Afdlhoi^ddCtonurs) bortfixitii^iRri^ 

proceeds to confider his Teftitimay dDbdieaBiiffiks'^of 
l^<i!lfmiSi/bimfii. ^iJ^tiib^iin vtkkr|3'P^fiagetrt>iv^ 
XKtmt^ t}h0i/oiuf i(SMirp«^Vand%lhab .^Htth^'s^icinikcn 
4A^lQi hi^vBqoka a^tnft Marmn^Uvwin the. IS^ 

liabii^qwtfai it%u we^bias joqooikhe .N^ttiber ^^ofj tfat 
£i0rpels»(uisiy^rail|^y t^ore^c^ed^u tfae^Nxiaaies/'tf tbk 

Jobn^ and their proper (^h^jltftarst; .tpo.iDf ;whi)ch 
1i^^f^A{i(fr(U0S)ial)d :€ Chrift: him- 

ibtfi /« a^^4i\e^ ^^b<^r ^.^woi j(A]p«iboI«cal , 1 Msn^ ^ 6c 
^SQSlfitoiQm>o€:>£^{^^ in ^ffiQtheJr Pa€ip 

|ief^ollili?l<£^irm^ Qeautitt'jDeftiffidt^dnteigrity 6( 
tp^l^ttl^ iSolTpfi^^vt^^^^ 6dbflg$ifit9r.ihad:the?fulleft 

EerOvafiofl,^^^ .^ y^ Ibce.Xeftii 

Itl^ Q£fthe ^I^OtoKjtSil&i^ij^ttBe iUifBe of twriiing 

^iv Flii&ge»e>ibppQ^ die:»)&#^fl4 of iid^mci and 
^i«.^vtpri<bi9ra)iidi6Wjreytcsia^ gndiihrni^apipam^ 
and confirmed by the ApQQk^;Rttm^doPsuIi.(Btd 

Digitized by 


^oki^o\MaueriUi€{iiSdb9okfai^ ihrnto yWlitofBe 

on CO aAdvj^iBi^ri tpo<k>cp^fiiigeBi fim^twu^'A'jit 
mhic\v\^iim't^rtiitl^nh)M to 

Our AuibnradibQipboteds^ilQ0ofi]bbri fiaij^^tt 
ilfi6 Wfi^r Ji^ri>darT5Paft|iiicAlf iiathGj.Mii3»ji(>ibf 

.%fi^^&mffi iibo^gre^AAchoriOf ad'nUfeftdfi&aif 
ihatiBfQdCy.^!iddnxj€fat{^^ dmme'iuriflemlb 

436^UfcenoQfi3anii)iiK5slJESfifi|i^ befi#4tflitt 
iva&'iODttaifliad^iberoiniit 'i-* I '. ii ipi4)i'''0^ trj eu^* 'Otq 

taibofe Worwi o£;i0Vflritf/«eiff':thal auremiri ipnvi}^ 
i^gv n^ esprDflyr^^iiaiDed. m; W^.a%)c&ito}l a&0itfft 
diifi, DOT Aiitlmr %«»toks]ittvit^.3Q 
wed miFaffage, ^iobytheafay^'itiiui}^ mhmfiaftiik 
fipiftle, ud vteveopemay^beiaiKtio^infei^i^ 
boBn earned by TtrsmUiany Aiif .i|r^;idtieyiflBpci ifanrf 
dierC'inouivprdemXZQpiesi tMu^y^' n.^^i In.^ r^MX 
irThere-aa a remaebable<|Md #elii)sna^ib4t|ffig«)eif 
tdbis Father, iifk^haa^ookwi/tf i^ifcfi/kiiUi^vftiidk 
Mn Laifidmr mxt cites, where \iij^3Ui(imLaiM|6f^ 
writes so, >^^ co yi^tydft ^kipo&ilu^Qbaiiikicgi^ 

<^> fide^ ia wlhicb^theii) veirf^iitor^^dA^iD^/Mri IM 
(( cetiui, 6^4 i' vllhia^ /Mr^Iii^^ 
1;^ oimed; to be jflL.diffioddi^Sliffii^ nbb^lfM^ 
there has been much Difpute^ii^klMNil ^mkngi^to 
the ettghfi^MKatiiitg.. >!T toSigai&^ciM'cioi^^utMcn^ 
tick Ijecters §• tbbcMaoteriii Qw(t|0h,r*4^tUis^hil 
tndsavxqB-Sitoiclcai^ bpfenie^Confidenili^ni^^ii^^ 
liBdDflSOT^fobithatiRtirpofiii^v- A t>:jj {ci bamuinu^ iifi© 
/jiHandngflDBfe&)Hy;diftxi^&tlbi$£U^ iievpioMifiA 
loaobierye^ bow cheEpiftJe to the Htbnws 13 quoted 

0.4' by 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

JOkr ^ijoitfrTHy tlilf£t«fi$ttaOughxiai]«il^t {iSit«idSr. 

Epi&k to the /ft^rrw/nvbich we hlw^vaidQff/tlair 

■Xitlt)i;qaiilRsi|iieiiBiriipptft4 ttgriTlMiviJit'birjAir- 

•T^ii^hHt^fttiiMn/A^rliii «Hted\c«hffSf.iiRiwhtdlbf 

«!«il4 iMaMtf iiMUvfaMivBdi bptuftn^^m^M 
iltejlliBii <a«iFChB%'<#el tb6% n ineiaiiqri aaifttM)*^ 

eoaunoti OpiBidiii«i^bcliiibiiii^M^«ilih^«btlMiJIMI^ 
•«)i«itari}.3{^(beRlnil1itf ^asr. |(^ ^gmuiictia 
4fbnbe2iiftet£/Mi iMs-^imiiildr l(9feuMr,«£ii>uiMirv 

fiqK)8]yrejdHlift.hMit3o^.?ii 'iteiifftopc, |i|qf«M%,> 

^^Seii^ioai^en rito^jr fib initCBfi; >&^. «il\ 
QBlnMia»'i(i4. Hoiriom.iiM^/fnMliaiqrittlwiiict 

(ShoMinsrahafti rBnttv«d<«^ igteeawd <«>r«af^>. 

emMcd^jcUat fi«MttMifeoMitdiht)tei*« fijpi^l^of > 

bf the Ciiri/f f «>/ of fus Time. ^- 0:1/1 ■ so! lofiocj »• 
nlib(iaacrtitiqiiff7t^ciir)Mdistcclii»iB»^ dfsmYr 

that he knew notivftg .«6i«ii^E^ilk&lt^n?«HMi¥.' 

pn£ri^3]if0oedofayi hf9nrvid» di^krsWiMMlESiiv^ •^ 
fiiid»<iii|ie?Que there «mqtiii:^ito woi!lfc»8ritb IKfmiiV: 

Digitized by 


ilSi.x^ JSri|i&Rt*BiKiaEil)/474B. Iff 
tH^-t^h. < Mki it$r 'Hmr |*adabw. Iirflim,!? xif 
hSi»«fi^ iipoting. tiis) fir(t^£^iU» of v^ntAk ^ 

fiUl^cfrcni) tr«(bifia|> tiie SiDectky^andsinit 

fl|MiiABl6} D«»et4idds»dio4aldiari|ii»diic(k^Mtl 

atfterwards puu hit Refers opoa pbfirf«ijaf)?roiiNi 
l^ftn^ofHQMniMfwtd'geMna Tiriei^aiidTDivifi. 

tjN^tte tvAnutad it ^tinlf kq/pe/am^iittit ifarpoL) 

oftiiufa^ lii«Ar.voi|riMcUDffia9ri,liiac.fl»nAi|Wc 
iMto^ttMSl ilbidiWadcl- Sh<\ani mddinae 
iyMictlic Hjpiftlopaf dke.^paMtk.ii Bwtitdtddbriiod 
*tf liMftiiyiihi^Ikrbsi^ inri|M>fe<faf >NlMifi«^ 

f«»«r^t> 06^ti?i::'<*tb 4ieii»vdiin itts(ir«M»Mtaf^ 
<* T.iinelintbe4'^/M»Cbuniwng(k«fti;iifte/iii^t 

** poftoUcai Men. ^ .arr.iT it i ''o n-,JSs\r Aj j.'j v-* 

-"fJXieit tt#dir«»itorjteim>(her/MpRlis)c«iicritta 

oitt it»dflli'ieilatgfcr>iia (hanSi»uehorotlii((pb|il^;r 

% stiMifieibvetiiliBpiktiof tteittarVEcMaiJ^ 

^ iiMTeniilliimfteDlffii itiTidnl! i|ifoi;aB9r,ix;rliii(r) 

|l<i^t»£^(iq fate 'itqnb i«icSafi2^-.cft aJto^'ViMciBiinnr; > 

3H-^-iT -■ ' "• ' feem 

Digitized by 


fijQ 35&? Works ^/i6f Learned; Art. 15* 

divided." ■' ■■ ■ -' ■.!:..•' ^:;i..:.«y^ix..;^ 

TiriMfa '£art»'rtfrion of- fbiiieor ilF'iJf ^e%6dkj5 
of the New Xeftamen?. " '. 

^ ^. • The- SCripmrts b^ the 'NewiT(ftadeJit''w«re 
^rt- to 'i!l',"ihd'"*r<ill' kti6Wn in ;he Wo'rtd tri the; 
l-fme-of iMuiiidh." ' " ' •" ■ \'- •'■ :' 

- 4. Thei^ii little bi^'fib-Sdlindiin 'of fnmm'anH 
t^dting any Cb^-ijiian "" Apocryphal ; Book -Witti.' thV 
feme"' Rdbe^^ its We has tjootdd thpfe'now/;eoWim6rily 
ieceitf(id'ife<i;ah6iiicai,"un|trs- tt bt that of fJeimas ': 
Afltf^hifHfc r^cfited-ntrHfeh^'yKroiii;*/*//.---- - •; • •' 
5. There was, fo ea^l^asthis Pathei*s"Tibe/ a*^ 
Bboici!brg<id''«i''tfieNinie; of'St. Pdui: ' ' - . 

• Mk /y«r?rf;Wr<:'}<ries'tfiii Chkpter-Wid) the'enTuihg' 
Refttiftidnsr- ■'• '^ • ■ ' ■■• •• ' ■ -, 

t <»«i We' have fterif > vh'y Vily^blp' Ttftiriidrty to; 
•*' fh<?Seript6res of ih<*'New-Teftament,.in'tKe h- 

• 'biaitiing'Wortcs^f f^r«W««, wrh-io tht Jifter 
« enddf the' fceohd i^d -the bbginAing df 'the'ihitd. 
«» Cttrtufff.^ -'tis (JonOderabte tor "the- Ntfmb^r bC 
«< the Books cited by him » alrnqft all thbfe Whi^h' 
« 'ire n6% rieteiiived by Cirf(^/<s^»iai Cario'nfdrt.'lwith- 
«• our & itMch as a Siifiiicion 6f 'pVciftg any "othei-: 
«»»itf th\i rArrtrRatikM»Wi any of thfepi'}/ and for, 
«!t'Ae=.^krg^' ahd- '^Umtroiis Quo^tidns bf 'Aem'." 
«*. ^There kre'peH>ips-iti!cfre and iarget-' (Rotations of 
** tbe"fmaiFvy?lumi trf- the Net?-T?ftament ih this 
«• one C/K^*w Author; -tikn'of aU 'the Works of. 
** .G*i:#(r'(?,- thdii^h of* rb "uiieomrtion ExcfelfenCfi for' 
*^ Thought and SttW;' infcHe -^ri««i$ of kll Cha- 
«*. raSersfof fcvcral Ageis. .^-ijj. ^ertalliaifi^^i.- 
**■ Bfjdhy isf corifidcrabic too ftir the evident Tokens 
«*. of thitltigfi'R?<pcfl' WhlchSuraspdld to/thefe Scrip,, 
"tures, - Intleed'thcy %6ufd not havdbecn'lb liiuch 
*« i^oifedi -if they: had 'n^ liech grcitiy'eftecmed. 
tt Nor^hm^tf difib-ingMtMend of 'thbft called - 
,-•' . « Hereticks 

Digitized by 


A^f.*: ^^9 5?^PT^^^B.E;R, 1740. m 

"%Hcj^cks .done U3 any^ toftip^ Prcjydiop. Tbq 
*''^Cbntcft whicK they occafioncd, has incrcajcd pur» 
*'. i^^oofs^pf the Geouinefif Autbori^y, ; anc| Imc- 
*^*,*&wN>f .the Evar^ Awftoljcal S^ripf 

^^ cures. J^ ^ . . • ' ^ ; . 'O 

^ . j^cfii^c^thc Waiters ^with whom we ^vc hphcrto 
ten cpnoerrMjd, ibere were many otheri^ in* the fccoQ4^ 
Century, whofe Works arc now ]oft. . Of the chkjf 
of thef? CMV Author. has giy^n ;i^ fliorc Hiftory in Jiis 
twenty-eighth Chapter ; tha^, a;^ he expre0es him^lf^ 
his Readers ^ay have the clearer Idea of the X.e9,\:n^ 
ihgand Labours pf thcCkriJliam of thatTim^,.s^n4 
may the better judge what Dil^dyancage we Ik V>4^ 
tor the want of their Writings, . 

rtowcvcr, 1 find no Rcafbn tor n^cntioning anyJPatIf 
ticul^s^of this Chapter. I therefore proceed tqthe 
, tweiity-ninth Chapter, where Mr. Lardner troats 9I{ 
thp fuppoiUiGias Writings of the fecond Cencary^ 
viz. The A£li of Paul mH Thecla^ Tb$ Sv-' 
BijfLiNE Versjbsj J'^e Testaments pf tim 
XII Patriakchs^ fhi RxCOCVlTfON^SV, Sfi^^* 
Clementine Homjlxesi ^b^ Clementina 

. Whatever the Views of the Authors of thcfe 
might b^^ Mr. Lardn^ /ays he has thoug|hc the- 
Writings thipmfelves might DC of Ipayc Uie td qs at 
this Time; If in thefe Pieces the main Fafts ,and 
^rincipjes- of>thd New Teftamcnt .arc .ajQCqrtpd,- thit 
may be eftcCnpied ajgi additipnai Cpnfir^^^tion of the 
Truth oC the Ckr0ia'n Pqftribei befidcs- w,hac is aU 
forded in the jgcnuine Writing^ of this early^ Age» 
For-^hisReafop^ ho 'tells, us^ he 'has x^t ftjme Ex.- 
craft's out of divers fuppofiuou^ Pieces, which in thi* 
Chapter he pr9pores to the.Reader's Confideratipn*^ 

^He^ beg^ini^ with. T^e Acts, or fravik of 
Paul'^^^ThrciIa^.. ,X(>clp he has in a former 
CJhaptec \ ihewn not to be, a .Wotk of the Apoftle 

' "!^; '■ "" ' """"" ~ ' vcr . 

Digitized by 


when tt^ey weinngaijipifclfoki Jqiah awt mtp ma jth fa^ 
.osfitWRyM^i^c^t^Wt iAi<Jtet>ki8rithariiir2id«iii(Xh 
ever, be fuppofea both.i0)Jb^Tai^tfibnii)(espofailedt 
fel!^iiMffi%'i^ *fe-ft6r^^«*W^ D-'ldabni bsloqqul 

wich k> much <^f^!f9^4\ge(»rP!iMn^tnir«o]nottro 

ufcd |>y.^j|«bw *:.)w?^»«. H«s «!,« fthndft lAb 
%5)» ,t«F5 ,|;^»i?«;M^r3r{Flv«^ tl|9ff :giwe -oIb AdfB^ 

a Reaioh which he alfigns. He therefbr^nwICei* 
ii^n^d«;,«d4ua.4haV;Mf^ J)fi;,lr(j^af.,i^tr)^,tlil|i\ 



Digitized by 


Aft,i|, i^W* SEPTEMBER; 1740. 233 

B iri fcfcwp «p»wr»irpfci>l'ftriitw<n» '" '' '• " ' 

« Coofirnwtinn^ixKiPJiQofodft^iMifiid'/^fittilf^ 
dSottebtSniiKtiBitlulcBilblft ^Oixli)^ <S^/Htol^ 

SK3liiaBp)fiiuKliaq^aTe6tt<nL-'' -'' -''' '■,''!-• -'- <' '-'^ 

U tmmAn m \ liah S»ap^E^mk}9mWvtfi^ be 
fiippofed iodebttd «y^ih»l^k of^ m^ fthfOiikifeit 
S&eui xi^^.<::mh9^i^- He tMvM^tioima 

<lH«(Ailie<;»iift»ir l^tf(t)earr«o >Mf"e6fpai tbt i« 

ma^.tfithcOeriuiiidheft^cif bur piteferie Cblliiffibfl 6f 

u6Clnrj«bd-)iiaci«At t^ttei*iJ: - EiOin tbe ffni*bba*> 

faiiky»iU«^Mef^ clkiHg ^hftfeliM^^Mdcyti Predia>' 

Oils 6^<itie lf)4i/<^ wVit! bdfoi« our %vjo\ir'r C(>nvn& 

■.i/UaiLat^-' WMt^, ftt ti« >Qb&-^ (his &au 

*^^AtAiiSbSr ta<6aipbRfi^ t^?s WoHc, and hovr^ 
•ftie*anlfl»pwpi8rjf'*feftitf afndent Wt^^ hare fro-' 
*Sidtecd ^T^kiftRiJ^s ftmk in their D«&nce» ^ 
«»rkt)tpa^fftrM^fte%liEte'; it i^ «mv of ofe «> its,; 
*'3(te itlaffl>i€»ttii<Ai^meBt'd^ocir Qdp^^ venB. 
*«Kte«UM4:>iiMr; Hi ^h '^i^oi. - p. iht AutJiorV 

Ttei^RUjg£)k«f^/Af>^^S^^^^ the arM^/«»r 
^4«iwA%9p<H!hdtr:t6>!l)^ WhoW ftlbfeJirBt diey stre 
to the Purpofe now mcntionW^ thatis,"tb tfie anbrd- ~ 
v)gmUmiSim&k T^tOf^hPm'iiti^ii being 

'='» their 

Digitized by 


234 ^elffoKKSoftbehEAViVtD. Art. 15^ 

tficii^¥*ft8W^i%''^*H«» it itqftifitriflfcaiWfej 
of them, -At thfe End of iihis V6lumc we**#e|&f^ 
Additions to tKe preceding Volunic <^ this feotJiid 
Part Thfetearcfoltowed by, I. An alphabetical 
Catal(%ue oi Chriftian Authors and Writings of the 
firft two Centuries. II: A Lift of remarkable Quo- 
tsktions and fexplications of Texts of the Kc^Tc- 
ftament. IIL An Alphabetical Table of divcrl 
Matters in ,both Volumes. I (bould have taken 
notice, that at the Emtancc of this Volume there 
ji a Chronological Table, wherein are fet down the 
Rcigntsr- of tlie ^^htan Empeic*^ during thi Wp\fkfl^ 
Centuries of the Chriftian /Era. 

B.aOHS^mbli/bcdby Jacob Robinson, ai fU 
Golden Lion m'Ludgatc-Street. 

I. A Vindication of Mr/POPJB's Efay on 
■ j[*\-A^y'from the Mifrepreftnfations of M. 
if^Cr^y&zj'Prdfefibr of Philofophy and Mathe- 
maiickSi in the Unhrcrfiry of Laujame. In feven' 
Lett«r$.^ By W. War BURTON, -M- A. Aittbor pt 
ibj^Dipinc Legation of Mofes. Price i s. 6 rf. ^ 

; It The;Spirit of Antichrift'difplayytln the^ 
Iffiftory of the £«g/()i& Martyrs, who were cruelly ' 
burnt or otherways put to death, for ojfipofing the 
ifd«ftr^ReH'gion,^ffoni"thc Reign of King,M«ry 
IV. 1400, tp^6:End of the Reign of Queen Ma- 
ry L Colie£ted from the moft authentick Authors. 
Whcrcuntois annb^di a fliort Account of Jome of . 
the principal Errors taught and praftifed in • tfiqj 
Chwch of* ^ame^t this Day; Price 4 /. bound. 

Digitized by 


1 ", j-i;--- ■^»^x.-~ 





For OCTOBER, 1740. 


Math o ; er the CcMfimitheoria Ptterilis; A 
Dtabgue^ . In which 4 he firp Principles of 

• Phihjl>phy and Ajlrmomy ctre acctmmodated 
to the Capacity ^ young Perfons^ or fuch as 
have yet no linBure oftbefe Sciences. Hence 
the Principles of Natural Religion are de* 
duced. Tranflated and enlarged by the Au* 
thon In Two Volumes. QQzxo. London; 
Printed and Sold by ]. Hodg^ on Ixuidoo* 
Bridp. 1740. Veil. Pages ^iz. 

HE Speakers in this Dtalogiie are 
Matho and Philon. The firft, a 
Boy of a fine Genius, afpbtng to Know* 
ledge, and rcquefting Inftrudion : The 
other, a Philofopher, verfcd in th« 
Sciences, and condescending to the Capacity of hi$ 
Fupil. The whole is exprcfled in the mdt plain 

R Mi 

Digitized by 


236 !Z^ WonK§fl/'/i&^ Learned. Art. i^,. 

' " "' T<«eQea»>^m.(}ifccrt'i*n 

of the Moon ^nd(iS6h . 
^lv«i<s>fidribiJb6J*wrfi Oft 

Rhth^^tib^ itBoatxis 
y«,CQal«««^Oci The 
^Mr^«^ thcifiatt^ 

.'j^ G^q^ i s4*9di*ojlL the 

Digitized by 


. ^„^„ .„^ji£ 

rtaajbn£ fiouF/' .iH I) cj'jiTi.niA i 

ahnSow a^»^'iofTiflrifei' formed 

Aft-Kaht teiifeM^; rteng in a cpri 
^rfcftiwiVrgre poinoklljot. "ft J 

^B^srd^tfffk Ini^chanicsF ; or thit thj 

thefSacd^ifeot ^^t iw- ofie i^ gb^ 

^!?*?\ ^['^"S* ^" '/"'*«' SucceJBa 

fh«^5<Wpeitibh. ' The rtnjtdai'j^ 
ivmai 4ii Q)Aie^i^ri^ WetWeirn the 

iwr^ards tuni» apoa that which we caJI Inftird, 

^ 2 whereby 

Digitized by Google 

2iS' Tl&ifWqjucs^^/fe' Learned? Artl i6 


^iqp between . th^ V^itido^' s^nd ^a^irmte^'^P^^ 
i OtVthc Scale of Being. ciNcxt is pointed out \f\^ 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

Art, i6v ?bf OCTOBER, tf^o^ , a^h 

Mrfcry Jt muft be to Mankind, ifBrutes reafoncd/' 
lt% 5heh jnadc to appi^f, that the different Struc- '" 
turis bFlBody does not 'nialcc! tfte- Hiftpan Sod ratio-,' 
n^J jUrtd that Eter^dl^hithi difcovct'te tfi fmrrig-? 
dUtely', and by thfciiTfelves, in eternal; Irirelleft*/ '- • 

; This Is the Summary' "^ftich' tHe Author MmftffF^ 
has^rawn uppf the Con^tetiPqf tHisTolumt. Wftat^ 
remains^ to give the' fe^<^aaei';an'Idea of ^e Rcafbn^ * 
ii>g^5d Style thereof, ,;fstb' cjfhiWt'a 'fe\<r Speti-* 
liicris, '; rel?jing td 0nef : br fwb W' tfte ptlrittpal 'At- 
ticlc^aBoYC named/ ^••^.^•; '''^ •-'■'''' - ^ ''-- ^- ' ^ 

./TThp fi«<!JltatlprT^^^^^ cbnfortp^We to • 

M^lionVcpntri^^^^ t a each ofber^^ktid^typihe '^arrh^f 

is t 

tfopM 'A.|a if two Stdftes tV^e^M doWTi :<P{Wffdlhi 

Digitized by 



:r?r. ,M/VV;e, ar^ ,4jt «^ 

b^ fei:io,«p,.^hc(ir,„,H; y.o*^ 

r1 . 

" 1 


tfp ^,^nd ha«9 trc,<j^QmTy 
P Fjjh my pQrorad^^4j>e 
P.^Yoy |>a]fP jObf^Y^ it 

n^ , :?uttrai9; thp If QH.. in 
?^4fpii^^few tHe |lulad;jfl;6i)e 

Me. r^e Trjal,, j^rie Vc^t 
,. ,. _... ..„,.. „,_-.,.,,jl\e;pp'a,(J-^pfj^'Mffie.ftyer 

. tat^tjjKcY^ ferP^pii^s^j^B* wak an^, rotn^,tfp5e5, ^- 

.^cach ^thcr {»^?y»ll.y. „;J^ ;p^> ^?PH ii? ^<J^ 

' :. }{ ' ' 'Cafe 


Digitized by 


Art. i^. •f^^€¥^^-'JB^/^^4c^>- iir 

' tfiW)rii.iioWP ^^'•mmdt'm mmmm 

mkm fa'i^at Point, '^^ ft? a^tTW^pWi^&PiTd 
iWd^^^/Tirice ^theV moli'e'air^M^'tb #;Pfac^*6y 
|ffie=EficHi| 6e Which ViHd!ds^'M<3tftiTi''yttfa!t'a8i^v 

'MJ How-tiiooghtlflfe I an^l 
theJLoad-itom; had purtte 

;«il/''d<yVtJu- think, tha^ at? J 
%' Viofcrttiy^rblHTOWircJs tS^' 
■ tK^li^on an'ci' L^d-:^one Ihoiil 

M. Xrul;^, when I confjdet''i 

think «>n6>ft WoniierilflJ 
'*'^fe'fam<i W'ohcitf teji th^fJ 
■^<jv?'ii!f6k'hb^ it c6fiies fcp't>a 
'Wiirdii;jhe:SubJe<a:.' ^Pi'Tri 


'^fetidfrmigHt abfiear itatirfs 


-'ft Isi'great t^oiiiVifti;'//: 

m '-'ilVad- thaV i& 

'•:W, ttiif Mii'"i!i 

li« (S^'i'biftiin^'lli' Violently 
R 4 ^ ali 

Digitized by 


ttjfi' ' j]eft ? , V # i ;l, jm^ginei it-jH^psld /aljfjbiwdt!3ag«itv> 

■ -P. Ob- 

Digitized by 


any. totter 5Thift§ lUh iht^t^n^zfiT^Fordc^iSmVik^i^'^ 

there. i*.!iq>n:y«tlfflii^Wfe1l^rirty Bb^ie'i fcu^v' 
.O .>\ uie- 

Digitized by 


dor. **»Ie,t8lilfr'«fy^^e~-3fe8*'- K^W'tj^ WBgfif^ 
M:A <fche*iw A«y itlllfttf^ We^Ji^ Tfihct IriWrtrif 
iw(CHJe/a! f?tfrtJe^i(XtfirtftJipfe»iH'1r«frA f^e' Hiite ifhef 
are. in.h #»;"!* ihinf'*;r^gftt bi-nbifhift^ biii the! tBtt* 
ftandFofce ©♦vAifrsJ£i*ibi*/^Ka^^1f ill' Pirti'lhrbbgfi/ 
•httwiiolr/ftilafsi©0!*hfr'-E^aii hatt-Wefght, ^^^ftf 
^t iiKfani6iasW%vi«hal^an ^ tKittsoftha^e^f^ 

ihirlffift^ .MvCfeitaMy'i^-rtH'ifllV ''Pt"A5ia' if tKS 

«..;'EhHriQi»0i<Ni<'li <b«i^ 
thooBghi 5o^j.,IA eM§'€ifi 
Bitrts tai<^^{n«E| ttofn9$i^': 
ihejE;a»thoti OttiUft '^oHlV' ^ 

3MgiWlthdiit3dli«jtit;: op.s:^ 
£aTifiri()Q it btdyV' #1ltit^' 
trBfiftttdrlbjeahi tttfttifJ't^o? 
qjlteiw. a iPj( Jii>ft5fdinjf -ytja 
site lihejEiirf h^; ^ahy ^6«Btt: 13^ 
^t/^wDii .'auid'atvythri^idl 

-gonoa atbtbis pkJb fo^ 'a»Wo^ 
ftiUiiptb*in^ th«'any <S)«" 
isl aiansnat*by*hehti\-^A«d 
any the leaft Pa^ifek #iR* 
attraaiialhiheXhrft;/ 'Ik^Hftgiq 
.iiilagiasdiln o;') 5w f.r, ?no!i.. . , 

; 1. Pa Jlain)ifeladiHjte»8$»|''fWS*-Olifa^idbnmi'lT6t 

,lJeti;meiuaiWaiyflci yiu Uhi8'^(^K»ffi6A.'^% 

'.,:.c,v Can 

Digitized by 


ipqiufttl^ ^m^ lk0M y^iMmi^^vtiBse^h Mil 

alitF^ed (|>^?^d|f$»,^-3»W:t!Wie^ itiOiafk 
tx?, fQ,.;fr9p[> '^h^ ypg-hijVcur^ «IP!ftv«w -, Jib n3akfl 
« thus 't^ei^;',vC»%,s QR%^La4h?rQ,orlelB*vsiyrtfc'/fflij» 
6chcr:Bci^y.)^<^ ]M)F!f^a|^.^hj3^>;n(j)tp.iadhcrfeaBfe ioi 
i^/u ^^^ t|w l^^!«:|e%y,At^fb^fi^4fe,\| .Pi «fliL«toiMsoe 

at ]^dy;'«aj;pflt ,bfl.atjT«^f:fil^«jrilbfl«lt -.attraaingiiiiorf 

^,fe;pjira,^ tlJ6i<i«r4ff#ft Aniy lron»>:<hft)$lhBria fid* 
fl;,wa^.4f»*WP ^y-i* q?<^«^ifff l^rqftfci Alid^et u!;<;Mxiid 

jFppii^v^bcc^H^I i^5WW<i{W»nj>jrni»fioiteei:}1thil 

,,. j\(f..fir|)»^^]b|0ti»a}3irittd tp oonanaSli 
Iff irvjfadt.'i oA}id(#«is iffee{'ihlatijaiy 
■^\^. jcf^ihm^ tttt}-4ftftii|byHhe .whdJft 

sry. iftdlM»#%l'iiPAMt«Ifefim iccr.vWhink 
g; jg? JTO «wf>§l«ri ibQ^* iiknifuMntbt 
iet|r^,»DyToft|fiP«Jltieliej i>id3an; incofi- 

_ ri?K«^e»:rf«Me»t}ly(iA/«<!*dJnit»iafc- 

ing the proper Obfervations as we go alctngiv^'Buc. 
iJ^l f fflFrdfcPffelbOafflft«aW&^^tl?fei)»^<^tefiartt» the 
3i!JW»«!^l4lWa'^«9WoQi^naM «iii**4rci,}) Afo-^cvis^-'as 





Digitized by 


Art; i«A Fbi^'Oi'Ol^^li-BK; iy\^^'^' 24^^ 



ber. ' : Ti^cr'-Sight ftarf'M' 'kMnk:, ■ 
con$rm Whit ybu'have-fX^tfi^'^ ?'.',fiM'f1^'tKd*' 
theft little Bodies attfa<^ ^K^"oth<^/wft^tf'lyiM %? 
\m fiiMriCfe^^rt Hhe^KSrtJu^a '*^'&^lfev KttrMlM' 
annoe;b^ ithtrt obkMd:.'''m ft % Wto^'T:^- 
li:'^^* mt they W^^^ m 'kiij^'lSlicf •»«>§ to^ 

put to' you bsfoft. . •'• A3('^P?ky t(ut1t ^i 
was^tfi^: ^IFiHthc'fSfiS'ortflis'dtitJ' 

du^'vfeittf '-'d:' ftiwer ■ i^^^ifititnaHy' 
oth^t 'i '%''th« t^e woijfif'tHcit''& 

might; W^f-';K'1'fe 



for thi^ WeigftV ojf ihevyhBlci^&cleal^^ftSW'm^ 
mdre^, than rhe itiatukf 'EfidfeaVdlf o/f' aflV'tl^ PafS 

. rafts 

d®ppeare;;'or t&cfe'oritf s Ai^ m^cm^. ^;sd 

that &fa/no'«tti«nifii% mi^ m\^63iMi 

movaDie: r- I'O" mereiore lep now cms migmv - 

.^' YftSjeitatiSn^nay «ci't6 Ww a lirUft 

l^tiaiPof fHe:t^ba?# ^h'ib/jpalA irfiKl^mahHci- 

wm%6-^h/^\mmw^^^ vi^kittii ant. 



Digitized by 


hK .- - . . - 

•Iji.;^ '* «* dprful. 

Digitized by 


" that curious FitKnefs^ but there, cfiuld ^, rqI 
■■," , • , ** whiclj 

Digrtized by VjOOQI^ 

950 TirWoKKsgfilfLsAtiisp. Art* i6. 

^ wrb&oh is as mudi as i# fay, dmecteUi be no 
^« froiA&jn^in damn ai-alL - A fim M4gfsa Jkcrf 
« Pdiar wmld figtufy nocktog, having iheSofsDett 
<^ of Way, te fomeihiitt oare yielding*-* A^ yet 
<f» the greattft ^f of Mankind Iic|le think of theft 
« iA^dvMCMpeSt which we fiylely owe to the Ctfi(j|i 
"^ which €tt^s this DifiewKe of Actrfeftioo in the 
^ feverat Paris of MacBer> as if we owed diem to 
? 0affr#, or N9tfffit9^ or N^in^. 

Thefe Tofikks are lurtiwr it>imed on^ and tbf 
true Caule bod^ of the Gravitation ^ Cohe(k>9 of 
JtodioiiiMFeftigitted, in. the Fomtb Cokfbrsnge % 
to which, fv CoBoexion4ake> I itnniecliateiy po- 
oeed \ taking no ftjxilBucx Notice of the truer Sd)je£bs 
of cbr imenncdiate.ones. Our Author thus realbna 
QoaceroNag tha firft fercf of Atfrndion, vit^ Gravl* 
taaQPi ^ When we oonfider aitentively this vaU 
^ i>4iw#0f<chePlanets>f<^&mple in its Order, and 
^ y«i find dm di» Siiiq>Ucit¥ is the ^uice of <bch 
^ Variety, we are prowipccd to aik, horn fuch a 
^» Frasiebqgio at firft eote^ or i^whai Force 
«< thefe ff^dmwt Bodiu ajre (^ cooft^mrly driven 
^ iW^nri ihe Son^ yid 4etmed in ^r Qrbnis ? •— 
H 9QnB migliiy Foeor imft be DieceiBSgry to piijt 
^1^ (heffi cncerto M«ioni and ihen they ftand in 
^ fi^d €4* a cooftant Direi^ion, orf^rwife Jthe;^ 
^ would ev^y Minute leave their Orims ; fince no 
<^ Body ^ it^lf can Kvolve alx)Qt anodier in a free 
^ Spacc,-.i.-^If we Arike a B»H, or any fach thing, 
«^ it gora ftraight forward, biK never oioves in a 
^« Circle. Kor does any thing fa move, exctpc 
«f when we drive a- Stone round in a Sling > or' 
<^ perhaps when fonrie l%ht Body is carted ronnd^ 
^ in a Wkiri of Water ^ winch certainly is Qocap-^* 
•« plicable to thePlanets defcribii^ circtdar Ofbits' 
** in free Spaces*. 

If k be faid we don't Icoow, riiat ^ ^p^^. ui 
tidiich the Planets oeiovc ate free: TbeTlnqr'be' 

Digitized by 


Art. i#t 4%>-OCTl>ilER/ t^4c^. i5i 

Ml 0f ^ ftbtfle Matter It h r€|rfied,-*» Wfe know 
t'-ftwn Ej^iaite, "that ouf j^rtli^ #>jb infftaiice, 
»< t»ft*r©«ndtd with nafadidenfc Matter^ iliccfcild 
^ keep it within the Li*nte erf its Orbiti which it 
^ rtidft ciKfeavodr conft^mly to toc$k thro 
*< m napid Motion. Befides, fti{]fpofifi|;^€hftt fomfc 
^* fuch impalpable Stuff as this fubdle Mati^r could 
4« drive the- Pteiets ro^nd^ what muft^driw €h?s 
*^ Matter toundi and every Pattide rtf ti?* ,Thi*s 
5* increafes the DiiEcuIty, And if it fljoutd be faid, 
<« that this Matter does not fiWJvc round *i»Sth the 
l< Pkoets^ . but ftandfi ftili, it vniti&i by *w ReHft^ 
M ance, ftop the Motidn oi' l*ie rcv€)Iving Body,- 
** infteaid of keeping it wiihm its Orbit i •which' 
«* increafes the DifEdtiky am)ther way. -— N6r k 
" it to be *prgl>E, thftC «h*;Atiiiofphfer*^fu»fWifidl% 
^' the Earth reaches to no great H«igfct» ini pai-^* 
** takes as weJl of the ' E«irth*s anmiiri -A»*-^Q»naf 
<^ MotioAv And it6 ai^Maii Motion i^iMill W\b€ 
% accoufttcd for, as mudj as tJie^Ba«sft*s ^.^ftnceit^ 
V: diurnal Motion could not't^6liier^i»|^''a^d)Ssi&rik^^ 
<58::f©r5" ^ai^'Ewrch'sltafiiv a .... a.;,4\ -^y^^ ** 
-^* By ^batSkfa thdn, «r ttal Dk^m ttPm^ha^ 
f»^ Caufe, do the Planetstfetts ltoAtifcEipi«Kttil>Viitean# 
**J*.the.Siln|n-drcular"Oiibiis^'^3^^^ 4' 

^^Mng nmtm mov^e im ktiy« miiw**' ^ithdut ;/6»^^' 
^ /fiiW V nor douM it mdv«^ mbAdr ii n 'c^fcuJa^* 
«! .Space,^ If !**t Sling 'did floiP^<Solt(fe*it1y kfee^ it* 
'«^«c Within thotfe' ^JUndi $^ a^ i» evidi^nf fcy-the^t^eV 
^ immediaidy flyirig oijf, -if wt kt thdSttittg go. 
^^ Tkt Sm*Jg thefe^e^"' ife is phiin, coftftantly im- 
*» preflfei ant^her Fofir^xxpm the Stoned iwrdrtiwip^ 
** it ftili hack to thtttadd, lis ilf wei^ thfr C?»/^r 
«^ <^f ia Mption. - — ITie Stone "thai is <;dftftamly^ 
*• prcfied, or targed by vw^ coHhaty F^f&s : Bf- 
*^ the one it would inceflkntiy fly out-, this belongs 
^^ to thc*Stonft ilfiftf; andfcy the otfy^t it is' as in- 
H cipffiincly ktpt in^' this isthfc Aftion <Jf the' String, 

S ''-An. 

Digitized by 


252 7i&^ Works of the I^eark^ed. ^rt 16. 

<« m — . Another Confideration likcwifp, , rhat cpn- 
<« firms all this, is. That if we Whirl the Stone with 
•«• a, more than ordinary Velbcity, it mmetimes 
«• happens that the String breaks y which /hews, 
*« that as the circular 'Motion becomes fwifter,' the 
«« centrifugai Force 'liecotoes ftrongei- ; Otherwife, 
*« cert-ainly,, the String ^wbultl hoc bhak : And 
** this^ Increafe of cenrrifugaf Force muft require 
«* an «qaal Increafe of contrary Force to kee^ the 
<« Stone JO te Orbit. • ' ■ 

By what had been feid we may be/ufficiendy con- 
vinc^dv *'*That this oiiH^ Earth, and every one of 
*« Che Pldne^, is coaftarrfJy liirgelj or Inqj^elled ^y 
.** two contrary F^or^eS'^ ^>r^ which alwayr> drives 
^ the Pfanct ftraight forward, and Unhther which 
w keep^ it conftantly from ninnitig out,, by re- 
« tracing it towards the Stih, ehe CcnUr ot its 
« Motion.^ '' ' ■ ■ ^ 

Kfotvi *« Woiild the Earthy pfeced'at thfs Di- 
<« ftance from the Sun, move any way without 
^^^ fmmeiHimd ^ thai; id, ivlihouca Force imprcfleU 
M7 upon ic by yiw^ Catife^ — ^ Would it-begin tO' 
45 >mtjve forward, or b^ward, upward,' or down- 
*^ "Waiid?^ Certainly ic e6uld move no way; rnor$ 
*?* ith^h -the 'Stone* irv the SFing, bot would remaitt 
^^ there f<^ fe^er.' Snine Hand, tTiercfote (What- 
«^ eVer that rriay^be) imprcflt-s oiie Force tip6n the • 
^^ 'Ekftb.i^ — ^Buc if only one Force V7efe impre'fled 
>« upon it', dfivihg it ftraight fbrwarti^ wharVvfould 
H. happen? Would k k-cep to a cirdalai- Orbit, if 
*« another Force did not conftantly draw it towards 
*^ thfe Center ? Ic could nct-'of* kfeff ket^p to a cir- 
<« cularOpbit, 'more than the StOiie/ For if no 
*^ o^her Force a<fted, what-vvould .enfuef ' Jt would 
•*urtdoubtcdiy begirt to^e.wt its Orb that inftafnt, 
*> Does hot, therefore,- y^;;/^ Ha NO JricelTantfy 
*' \m^t{%^fetdndF(/rcBto prevent it? Siirch\'the^t^ 
'* is-an^qual Necefiity'for dieco/^ffant Jmp*flion 

Digitized by 


Art. ^6. For OC T O B E R, 1740. 253 

*^ qf both. Forces, as.wcllinfhcRevoJatlon of fuch 

.'' yaft Bo(3ies as .our Earth* ai iathe ordioary Ex- 

^'^ pcri;inei3(; of tli€ Stone. afld-Slipg.-^- For can a 

* '^ Body, the greater itis,;i*cqair€lefo Force cp. give 

^^ it any fort of Motion? .Wifbout queftion^ it re- 

*' quires a greater, a9.d tH« in propprtioa to its 

y Magmtwde. Since thpQ a Sv>nc twice as big 

*^ would require d^iiblc For^c, aod one thrice -as 

\* big triple Force, and lb ob.j rhow^^i^at -niuft 

** that Forcc.bej which dwvbs ropnd, ^a^ -keejps to 

^*' ^a, ciccuiur Motiao,i fuch a Body as the Earth, 

y loiuied >ith fiich vaft JvIo«niains, and prodi- 

. '** gious Rp^ks^ aod flying wifh\ fiioh'Rajpidity -as 

y k does?\— ^ NQ.W,ar4ls ace Aifiki^t: m ex- 

'*' prcfs How woaderf»l>n EffeA it:^is-5 afl|d javbat 

'." the Fpros lipiuft be;i ieeiflg. dP^y licri[eijt?^^lei 

*' driven round a Center, requires th(e'ji9o0ftant 

*' A^on of an 4ixtejrn^l€0iiffe^ ;aQd^Jth« q^ing iA 

^'' two ver)5,diffi:rcp.cMan|)€f^. ,. , )'i ;/.. r . 

Mr. J?(3r;rJ!<?r having.thui pavedt tlje W^ay .to the 
Ihveftigalion ol 'the jC;*afe oi ^h€^.Rc(jelioioo..o{ the 
Planets; ^n dieir Orbs> prpceeils; therein, ^^Hdfivioces 
ic tQ be no other^ than ** that Attf^^ioji Whidv'ob*- 
^* tains through, the whale M\i% of qix^ E^rtbi 'and 
^* belongs to every Particle of it -, ;aQd whi^h is rt© 
y kf^ prevalent^in all the othcr-'Bodi^ jQf -^thf? Uni* 
•Vyerle, — U. Tlusiii is ihat ftrft forincd.^fld JftpJl 
^' prefcrvcs the (plierical Figure of all the Stars ift 
V« Heaver, as well ^s pf .ajl th(? Bodies 'm 'O^rfolaf 
•i . 3yftcai. --T« / J ' ' ' : !-■ - .'• 

This AttraAion pf Gravfnzjjkin ;d<Jee.^not) obtalti 
or acf only' withio their Surfaces, -but. ftt »va(t Di- 
ftanccs all around them.-, </o. that there. is r^oSpicfc 
within. the fplar Syllem, ^herc Atiraction ...tq lome 
Center does not pre valL This is evident from xH^fe 
Confideratipna :i viz.^ '* No Body can i)c fo.blg, 
<* (inte ail xlic Pafts, of Mwer in^'it;..aHrACt each 
Si ** bdier; 

Digitized by 


-«^aDdthbritttvthB:vrhQleiDiftaii>oc o^ i« Di^ff^Kcr*-' 

If* it be llaid^ Thcfe ;exttcmc : : Pamtles ; nwy^. a wrasct 

-eaclv oifattfv by oicam; of tho/ in{:99in<^iiate. P^hJQleii -, 

it is aufwar^,- ** Sinqe Attwcjion betiwe^ an^y! jtwo 

«* PartidosistiQt; ^opetly fpeakiogirjtbe Eflfect of 

^ I^tcor te ^^i, itcmxi^ benhe £ilecc of tim/^^^^- 

<< J/4/9 Ua/ler: Arid the cw(OtPamcl«i^niU(^i^/fect 

^ eacfefrther the feme, wajv xwheiter any otW, Par- 

c^'ticIosUie between them; * o^ not^ :Avtai|s/rate 

^« thon^jifmoeiMaiDiblutidiy f^ .iti i^.ppflible 

^« tM'^'Bbdy rai^ be iabig» a^ iptfiR tbe whole 

«< folar Sylittb,r.ii?ei(fec;fihatjtwo P^tLdics 4ait^, Matter 

• «<r .nrR]i(t(4Qtua% aitnraD iachv o^^/iat ail th^t} Di^ 

' <« toiiciJ, f4-t-^.TiiercforA^^ 

' «• biitwflijJ^kttithwJDghc alt -that SpKca^ Jf wp (up- 

1 ^^ poib tke^iid:oiitrajr7^. igrtaf Djidrdef^l muft unfile. 

<v If our^EaPth^ fofi inftftwc, c$q[letQt^^R^«;e^where 

' « ' AntractiDiir cb oorGentcc.piievailedi lit, ^) h^rd ta 

«< imagmd:^atjWoidkl .be.thciConfeqiiiep€ie. ^ I^ is 

^^'trueyiitawjuld ftHlattrdecJEtodiea cq i^$ i^WfKQcn- 

;"« Jfcry^^et^n In fiidb! ajPUqe.^ but teing tb^sde- 

i.h<k (eiicdi fbiwojjld/rtniaini riiwiie, lij«i ai Piece of 

L 'ic^"tifelQ&' IlimiibcB :: Qr^: if jbe' ptbj^aikjFQrc^ ftill 

^^'^«' acted; Iti aiuft^^at.fkaft,;. rgi>;(ipr|evWfi fefi «vcr 

''*«^;duioUghjthc:Sj«qa5;iCrt.>>igh. - ^ .. ... ^ , .. 

■'i • Thdsface vine liDrmIght^,tO gmnt,; jfe^t /* ;rhh At- 

"^i«/« 'trarfti0nc<)fiGral^itet^ the 

' «<- v^teidq^yfteiB^it^ad/iSi thai n^gb(y<fi^9^ffi^}fifhkk 

*< 'WrUbaldJ itttpfiUs ohe KmK Md blithe Planets, 

«* towards thei&ah,,' tiat CeWf pf ih$iriJVfe»tion -, 

^ «« andv tugethte wifiKcho prQJw:iilc:FfirfiC,{i0nAintains 

I '' '' ' "• ' /• '"' ..^ -;! V 1':!-; \r ■( .-. ;; •- ;. ? 

i f. it>h kei^ ta^[jen for/j^r^rwf d, ih^t aJLthe. Part^ p^ Matter 

, mtra^'p^ch.odicr : 1'hat tjje)^ fip fo, is pj:pved eifewhere in ih s. 

Volume. Thib i§ ' the* Catc Vitll re garcl it) fotne 6t\kY i'ropoti- 

^ 'tions, w^hlth ih'OP»e'ffla(ie'i*f)^)^h^a6;.»e^iAfferfions/j but in 

othtri*dJc«karly'riflWjp^flra^<|>:,., .- ...'S -■' f'n.i " 

V c ** their 

Digitized by 


Art. i6. For OCT QBE R, 1740. 255 

*< their Rcvoliition."^ ■ And in tni?h, "if there 
«< \(Fefe ^ny Fkcc rhrdughootche SyfcepiDithere 
*^ 'AtmLtii<m did <ioi/obtaih, that ^«oiild be the' 
^ Ri!grM of Difottia^ :and Confulioo. Jt« is nctc 
^ onPj» the Prrfervatiw 'of ptrtkalgr Bodies^ but 
^^^ the Cement <>f the wMe planetary .Worldv and> 
'•♦ we riiay beJieve, of vthc. vH^oJe -UnmifiMMFor 
<( C^nfiHion and Diforder o£ ufelefs and imealflloy- 
«'^ led Mutter <:an neign no vt^h^e in N^reu, 'This 
*< ltfce^ife('i« that ^muipad F^m.; by'iarliidioar 
'** jModif and the otfier iacondaiyPiadetsiaee retain- 
■^^^^^ iH' their Orbitfl^nbobc their Prknoi-ie^i^; there, 
'^'teh^ Attraaioa w^Vae Cb»rsvo£'!tk)fe |jr^tf/ 
<<' Biodiesy '%% M^lt as laxlmt 4)f^theSodi -^ u . ; 
' Heiice we may ^rctm eme ^j^^mmbytim Sun 

the Flariets ; becaufe ''^ noriqoly hdsHditafidjLighc 
^^^weiie to ht^ifM&i M^irowdyOtieiris the Orbit 
^^ <if'S^Ur*ft; bur his acvradiiiire FQnoe.was.vallly^o 
<< exceed ^that of aUthe Fladet&y cbaclus^ might not 
'♦ » be dwt«n) from the Center of/the Sy flcaa.. . 
--'Indeed, as our Aurbornotesy ifkhadb^eniother- 
wfc, the Syfterfi cMift be difliived : ** For j^ one 
'< ol ithe iead, inftdad of the graiteft Body^ liad 
■** bdfeni placed in the Center of the Syfltm^i in .would 
*• Aot hfetVe'had Force enough to rtfift xhe^ Atcmc- 
'* tion of the other 'revoiving Bodied ^ butxnUftMn- 
'^''ftanffy have gone inta Difordo-y and btfcn car- 
^'^ijcfd -thrddgh th^ celeftiai ftegions'Miiibi >Qnd]efs 
* '^^'Ce^fofion: It is as if vte:(hpuld:fupp(i(feiar Mill- 
'"**'/i;^ to devolve abodtfome/rtr/Zr F^^fi^.aod not 
'^^^ th^Bfcbttc about tlieMill-ftone* / - . . . ., . 
^ ' And'frcim'thfK View: ot the Syflem h* is- .obvious, 
that *^ it muft be either ignorance* .or Obftinacy, 
*^ to contend that tbe Earth is' in- the 'Center, and 
^f £ba£ruch4 Body as the Sun ftiould revolve about 
^^ ic. . Jo. that Cafe, the tarth would foon be dragged ^ 
" from its Place, and, together wick the reft of 
S3 " the 

Digitized by 


256, T^^WoRitsgri^LxAKifEi)-, Art. 16. 

«' jthePl^Acts, follow him tbrougJi uidkn^v^ Fart^^ 
** towards, the fixed Surs.. — ^ Which is a© mi-' 
*« ; verfal and coijclufive Jleafpn, for placiiig utie.SMn 
"in the Center, 

Thus our Author leads us into the Knowkdge nf 
or[e of t|ie Forces, by which the Planets are govern- 
ed in their Orbits round the Sun. But there ja m^ 
other, no lefs neceffary to their Revolution^, ^/z. , 
the projsSliie Force \ to the Confideration of which ' 
he next applies. . . ^ 

*' If, as be. lays, the anriaSiive FPfCe only pre- 
<« . vaileci jn the Syftem, tlic Sua would draw down 
«'. all tl;ie Planets. jto himfelfi wher^ tl^ey woqJd i«r 
«' ijiain ftrongly atjra^d cohis Body, without ajiy ' 
«' further JVlodon or Order. Which Even^ would 
«V be, th^ ,6n^/ Deftru<aion of both the .animal .and. 
<^ yeg^ubl^f Nature, in the whole- Syftpm } the ^ 
•V Earth, .4nd. aH the other Planets, beiRg coA- ■ 
'* fupied, .or <jujite difllpaied by his raging fine. 

*f. Drpadfi^ Cataftnophe! But fuch an Ocean of 
*^ Fire wa^ nacaflary, to. a)4ke our planetary World 
«' Jix^bi^^k/' I Wha$./ thw .-wajs .requirue for' pr<c- 
ventjng^ thiSf ,i;^(^rrihte.CQnfu6(Mi ?. *'. It could only ^ 
*' j^a,ve fci^cq.pi-oven^ed by.a M.ia 
^K^i^c(^ii}g.p(fX ^^^ Force, the Pfo- ' 

**^je/Sj][^5, fp :Wi?i bywbjph che^ tendrigt.m^ive on - 
*« in ftrapight Linje^j thfft by^ M3mpofuif:w»of ootte • 
*'j!EQrf;e;vfl:(^yj iivjghi[;.diefcrite-ch:cuiarQi:i)it^ rfiund 
V .tbjs',Qce^p,^;Fir^.ap.4L}ght.^ ;. ''■ •. / • 

,Njar;,Vfppld (^)ip.;Eorpe,r'i(np¥effpd <^mjt6^^ and 
at^a.^'^li(f\€^^k?yfi'^^i^h^il 4^e<a. ? ,N;0» ./V^T^he - 
*' tC^'U?Wty>9f fit; )srAS tQ.t^ Ji^ly, ^t^n^pgred ?o Chc 
*^ Sun's ^t^^pn,: ttlw i£i fliight-Beith^i? te) -tOo ^ 
*' ;wea]^, n«f ;^q rfjSnong .j .jjui Heep the: ;Plwe^ i ^ ' 
'• !way^ a^lh^^ iJw3^^;PiftanC:e^Hr^ad.jthe}a^ 
'SQuamfty.,9f "^he Pf^4il« Force-^jlfuJly.tP 
«' b(^ 4irA<^efJ»ii<»i,'a.Y<^^^^ 

Digitized by 


Art i6. i^ OC TO B E R, 1740. 257 

" '/^ the Stin,'ifh^ Planets coefM tiot l^'ave moved in ' 
« circutor Orbits': 'Some- of them itiiglit have ' 
^«^ iafcen^d without th^ Lifwits'of the Syflem, and*' 
*« others been carried down towards the Sun itf the 
** Center. • ' 

J^om all thi^ jc is e«vident, thatV/^/^nd Skill' 
were tx> be employed in this Affiiir ; and that dicing ^ 
this at a= venture ihight'h^vemiflfed of the'J&fFeft';' 
*^ or rather, it is impoflTible that- dcfing Things at 
^» a venture could have reached the Effeft, as there 
*^ is but one W^y of Mtfc'g the- IMark, 'antf ten 
*' thoufiiHd different W^ays-6f miflmgit: and t|iat' 
^' i«rh^tber"v/e cdnfidir' thte adjdfting- the t^rbjedfiV/ 
*' .!K>ctlte aitradive Force iii any one Bo^y, br giv- " 
*' ing it the'pPof>er 0ire6fion ^f^hen'ac^JuAed^ And' 
**'wwti(ih gneatet^ is the Biflfculty; if' we take'irito * 
'* «be Cotrflderarioh ^11' the Bfodi'e& x>f''the'Syftem/' 
*^ Por, ^S'the Sun's attractive Force on every- one ' 
'' of thfc W^nets is digerint, fb the jirqjdftite Force ' 
^"'Wis H-O' b6 differeht in ^eaCh-df tWetirry^and tf^e 
" fame Attempering the tvfb different ForCe^^ with^ 
*' thd fVdprifety ^t>Dire€lionV was no lefs hecririary ' 
** vih thie Mbtions of the fecondary PMn^; .iV,' - .-^ 
»*« Now 'toiifidcring thefe^ tiJvo 'Forces cii?ijh>hl;^ inl- '* 
*' preiflk^y and alfo the Attr^aion^of CohefibrtLlWe'^ 
'^•may^tee^kh^roughfy conWnttfd\that thefe are iibt ' 
"ithdM^iort^ofMaet^Mer F^,' ' -^^ '- *' • '' 
frx.A Puttfele^ot Matter cannot ad!' ttn tKouf^rii'' 
/' different Ways at once, «afrt4'at>iihhfcfifc^^tliffa'A-'* 
** C5es>. r.N<khing€ari^^a'#here^Jt%iioi:. ^^ TWfs'may 
*• fiitJsfy us as to the AAion bf^Gravitatioii^'thatit'' 
>' i&^di th>e>>A<5tioh df -Mafterv' ^A* ifefeo^Hbn; if ' 
^' ihi-re' Wt?re'h6rhi^ig, tb &e (^(^rcohrte^HJf'^elnac- ''- 
*' tiviry-^rinertia'^f Mfettei", 'tFikt ydrtie ^which'/ 
«*« J#if0v^s'^nk4'ove¥comes^^e^ktf4ftan*ce dPihe tviiole * 
>• Bdcly, inrifaft^(^rtatort ?yttta6n* tlife feefift^fice'of'' 

■^ S 4 i« otherwife. 

^Digitized by 


45? TZtrWoftK* ^^<!4L«Ji*iWD. AcUiA, 

«« can by no Effort feparate thofc kaftujiaVtSilriw 
** counter-a& that Force wherewith they adhere to 
*« each other.- "Hence it isftianifeft, iharthis-can 
«* lefebc,thc EfRd of thofc little Panicles, than 
«« Gravitlti<^i^tfeff. 1 ^ " I >i ^V 
, -*« Fr9«»Jill tl)is it rnjjft-^ allowed, that tbefe 
*^« A«ionS^<^6t,clft'Qri^ thdro|pre;{-oV"ah"l]ii'KtA^'t'E- 
«* RIAL CxOisfi; if'ahy^lfiTi^fce not effcfted by 
** Matter, it' muft be effefted by fomething not 
-« *< IWb^rt ' ' m\ Iht «y^rYth«ftifo«y,«'^fAeywr fee 
-y-i* ftlAJt&cijlJi lheiiha<fer1tf|JUhi**ftHM6ft ^r«ceed 
3"! ' *<■ "f/om-^flt-! t^kkktii»^ Qdii/i. 1 1 T4ll?<Cbnfa|iHiot»t>e- 

«« that they feelB"bW btit-Widn^efii^^^OSSti^ If 
- «l» Mattc^'Oitt do"ttAth3*g.- aH'teateridl iJfatifi* mufl; 
> ' *f' tdftftsAitlJ" beiirifiuen*ed,-*iina'adted "fip!On«'bf -/*« 
ji..«i>(}4iiyfe'.''--"rA/5-C,4^'-'liffceWlfc -mtift -Aot^eiily be 
-'-'«' pbflkfedbfaH'ihtf]N)i#e» *e ftnd'exertedi'jtt! the 
' -'i** nftterfel'-WoHd,' ifeut dlfo W knowing iaiA^Uful. 
55fiB».-uA;<t:iuf«',' 'M^hidh' -wol«ki4' with- IhteHigfcAde and 
»« Skill, rtrttflfyU **««W«j>af)d>4f*/aiJ»J^. -'-It is 
^•^ «r^d*? BecSbW^ {>l4mthat-fhls-Caufei •Which exerts 
5i!3 iui:itsci»i(j«wl-,:'not'b^StartsJ and irt ftWnte^PJaces, 
<:-,.■..« %uiC iit#ttyd, -aind" evtry ^Ur herCi aiid^'i^^tofe sEffeCl?. 
; ^ "•^*!^j»;ft*|^/;^'pl-<idac^dthrdifiighi«^'mti^^^ is no 
J . ; .« t oth^r <HaJi. khe aii-po^er/kl .arid ihfi'BtHy per/e^ 
i > ■' u^BeiHgi'' '■■' • •• •''■• -i/l iin ■:■' -i ..•'.-•;"■■ 
• ■ Thtis^'ttuf -AaAorihaSj^fey rtfe"^cMi0»wetja of 
<5r<w«W/le#afid CoJ^Ha^ tetf'us Up «J"tJfc Supreme 
; Gaufe'Of'all^hwgSi.' ■JHife^lie*t>Bdflfitfo idj fr6m the 
Principles that have been eftabliihed, to dedietr the 
'■'• feWrariVtttTbetcs •of'iAfe-'iWatfjfce»titilt'*eing $ and 
fi I thcftiw-bt^ eth|ilbys' thil^St^el^-df this. CoJrterence. 

,h- ■ t{Vhic';h^ W fta^bj^fi' thefe H«id*j though, it 

^'i'j'"'' might 

Digitized by 


;i)H>Q» ai»[eil9iigtii (^ Mtfwer .a^y ^iHei^timtDt! giving 

^■ ' ;. ' l iMl J h-li.-irn'^i ft ^))n^} I' 

■ / { "> ^ 



...try andfPpew,; Hifto5y){^9^>sHiifliori»W.ri.We «« 

' upcoBcerwjg thcaockww Q«iWfc, ,■A^ i-di >» 

Hi^ IntrpducUon is . aft! ,]Bn©^W«5i}pw ■£!<>- 

, quenee, which of ail P*r«.,flf .p)0<i<tt.lh'i»eMng he 

jildgcs.,^ ;hdve ^hfi ;jH>ft 5fi?uty.j ^U4j?jf, , Grcat- 

nef%,^ 3pl€ffdfli; k «w4 «).'(H?iof.jthe,:inif^ euten- 

• ftve'Ufe. Oae Coi?04era«o,i>ihc.inf}tok'5W>». which 
CBhaRC^Mhe Y«i»*e ofyic j.vai)rt;lf¥it i?,riXtP>n)azing 
:Scarc»ty,9tgc)oql Qr»t9r<^.ji« ali,|\|gCT, .,.;^^ • 

.Th$» arfij ,he,tfllils,H«f jfejEfif foM*<>^ SljJp >' the 

. , -.gfc^tiorfijWiipc, t^. cG|nw8iQn.iPr ftwplf ,2i?nd the 

oie^iat€.oif,ftori<i» .,iP9-jhsf<r,,Jbc tot^^yyiicfcants: 

• ,,buc J[,$JptiN;.k«?o.WK:»f.liJ[ho»W,fmmi^A?^ 

, . , -thiijg'.^;!^ . wifer, , Jtxy Tj^crognWii^i w ibf .• fa«l of 
thetn. It is his Memoirs of the zvv^^^^Littrati 

\, tb«^!f$.<^iciayt wlue;5,,;rhi«>Rsile6|iftp%;thfTe rarely 
..•.,«ny thing ,|n iheirx ajbQy/?v.«!th*>,«P(nwi«si,,f4]cph of 
.: . Wirij«r%tJftr .WPWhjitaking n<^i«!pflinr^gri Abridg- 

' -^ ' t IJlSOt> 'jj '/'w!^ t!]. ft? n*^:(j ; 'Jill ;'.«ii ^'^''.. 'i*' 

: . - iT^j(^-,Q««P^;»re}c/h<^fe JlH^;%Cfp«Jis of. 

;:<«fft«^,i;fe f«ti|6.(^3ailirfhft'^l^r,vA-rps«,4Y*^,for i^ 

:.iortg Cjim?.li»a«si}} ifto^p^I taiiEl»quSRfVj and, 

..f! * before 

Digitized by 


26o TietWoKHsj^fi^ttJiiL^Ep, Art. 16. 

\)Giort Pcrkitii* majr.inifotne tmzHxte ix fa^ io 
have oMy.ltioke like on Ia£iDCi But in\him it all 
oi a fucfckn bla±sd ibrtfa^ and tfeemid to have at- 
tained at once the utmoft HTeight of Pterfe<SfciC>fi. 
Before him there was no Work or Diicourfe in 
which any Trace of Beauty or Ofnament appeared,^ 
or which ckprcffcd the Orator y and yet his Ha- 
jnangues difplayed £ven then whatever i$ fineft^ niofl: 
vigorous^ attd' Opat<Bry. ' 

*^ As his View was to nendcrhimfelf powerful In^ 
' ^* the Hepuhlick, and toTwky in the Affetnblfcs \ 
** of the People, he confidered Eloquence as the 
** moft noceflary Mekns for the Attainment of 
** thofc End$> and -flivoted^kimfelf whoily to it. { 
** The natural Eitcelkalcf of his: Genius fupplied 
^* him with whatever was wantinqg for his Succdfs, 
^^ and tho/great AppficaMn be had befiote made^o 
*< Phiictfbi^y under l/M^vrai, bad i:aughc him 
•^ by wiittt Spriiqp the human j Heart was to be 
« oiored and; a&iatad at Will He employeil 
*' with wonderful Ar^ fonictimes the Charms of 
^' Infmuation 60 pei^fuade^ and Jbmatiniesthe.Forae 
«** of vthcnrwiit FaiSonfe to o|9poi^ and fwbdue. 
♦' ^Ihenii, who fe^ a new Light rfhine out hi 'her 
^VJBo(bt«,:charftredwfch the: Graces and Sid)lihiity 
*' of his Difcourfc, admired and feared his Elo*- 
•^ qiiencel iu^^-r ' ^ - • » • ' • .,.''-';.: ^ 

*' By cbis^cRtracirdiniry Talent of Spekking, ^Pe^''^ ^ 
^' r/Wtfi j^ainedilurmgilMrcy.YcarBy aS'Wdl in Wt^^ ' 
" as Peace^ anncnotri Aufitorftyoverithe ttidft.iflw' 
*' cortftanc andcqBf^idoua^itaiM^^t^thei&rneitititie-the 
** moft jeaioii iPcCrplpuh tHe Worid.ofc iheik^ Li-* ' 
** berty. 

T hough be: left na ffietle . cf . * Blo^licr^e Jjbbhirfd 

* *' him, he howitycridflfirvcfi) to.bc ranked /st cfihie^*'^ 

** Hrad;af:thciarK*/t.0ratofe);>«icr the rtiore, ac^^ 

'" cordi'ng^tOe C/«ro^r ilwGiiile)it!'was!fie'w^offorfli' ^' 

** taught ii/r^ir^akT^^uMi! iaxmi-oxAh^ii^^'^ 

J " Eloquence, 

Digitized by 


Art. 17- ffor OCTOBER, 1740. 261 

'* Eloquepge, placed it inHanoor, Ihtwedatstfiw 
*' Ufe aid DcftinatioD, and made its felucary Ef^' 
<« fe6t$ eridcne by the Succe& whidi attftmkd kis 

M. /?*//«« next fpcjiks ot the ten Athenian Ot^^ 
torB, of whofe.Livo^ PJutaf'ihh^B given a Sketchy 
enlarging on thofe only who wet-c moft fanioas. 
The Natoes of thefe are, AKqrPHow,* Awdogi- 
DES, Lysias, JsocRATia, 1%'^X>S^ LvcUJtGtJSi 

N ARCH.ujs J to thofe M. RffiJik adds De'Mfkthi'I/s 

Antjfhon improved himfell very mooh ift his 
Converfailons with Socrates, tie taught Rheeo^ic ; 
he alfo compofed) Pleadings for faeh as had Ooca- 
fion for them, tind is believed to be. the jfirft that 
introduced ch»t Cuftooi* His Invetittomw^ wkrln 
and abundant* his Style exaft,* bis Proofe (brong'; 
andlhehada great iFeJidiy in anfijncning' unferefeen 
ObjedkionSi He was nd lefs fuocefi&l .iit itiovifig 
the PaffioQSt 'and in gcvingthl^ Perfons bfc intfoduced 
fpeaking their jxA and peculiar Chat aAers. 

A N D oc i D IS was alfo the Cotemporary^ of Sbcr'a^ 
its. He began to flotirilli twenty Years Ijcforc i£y- 
fias. His Style was firnple, and aimoft ciitireJy Void 
of Figures ami Ornaments. - 

Lxs.iAS was by Origin of Syracufe^ but born at 
Atbe^. At fifteen Years of A^e be went tlo Tbu^ 
rium hx Itafy^ with two of bis .Brothers in the new 
CoJonylifdit ilrithertofttcriet ' He continued there 
till the Defoat^ df the yfibtiHi^ns ixkrc Syracufi, and 
tcturrled .to Athens in the forty-riiird Yeir of his 

He diftingttiibed : hdnfelt there by his peculiar 
Merit, and i«feis al wiys i:anfid^red as one of the moft 
excel jcnt kA dae' Grev^t, Onmors, but in the (imple 
and cian^f^l Species of- .EJc»!^ucncc, '. Pcrfpicuity, 
Puiiity, ^wtotnefe and Ddlicaey of Stylc^ were his 
i \ particular 

Digitized by 


2^2 The WoRiCSr^i^ ^^ AR N EJ>. Art. 1 7. 

particular Attributes. M. kollir^ has let down Cij; 
c^i?'s an(J*^m///4«'s Opinions of hm which^kH^ 
muth thi fame as hi^ own. Lyfids did hoc piekdit 
the Bar himfeJf, but compoftd Pfeadings fot others:^ 
and'to fdit t;heir Chars^fter. 'and not betmy the Secret 
of . nis being 'f9 enfiplpycd, he was , often obliged to 
,ufe 'a fimpfc 3ty{e with little or no Elevatfoq : ft 
;v^ thferefofi (leceflSiry that fii^ pifcourfes, v^hkfi 
he didliidt prohouhct hinifelf/'ftioufd have a na- 
tural and hegfigiiit Alt', tb^t requires^ grear Art, 
iwid ig dne ot the moft refined Secrets of Cortipofi- 
tipri. . In ^hl$" maniief the 'Law tor acciifed Perfohs 
t6 pl^ad tbrif owrf'Caiifeslwithcrat the Help of Ad- 
vocates was eluded! / ' .'^ ^^ 
. Vf}iitn"Sovrates' was' fliniitibne^ to - anfwer for nis 
OpFnion^.cdnteroiHg l^i\\^or\^ Lyfias 'brcraght htm 
% Speiech; which he had tbmpofejd 'with abundance 
of Care, itnd in whic|i he had iftdoubtedly iht^o- 
duced whatever was CapatJe^of iboving'^he"^tlBgts. 
Sofratcf^ sifterfcading if, toldhim, that lie th'ouglu 
it very fijne and oritOricil, but not cohfiftferil with 
the R^folutiojt) asd Fortitude that became a PfiUb- 
• fisher. '-- '; '' ^* -' i .- • > ^' ■ ■ - -'^- -'^'-^ 

' M. R0inh ' endj what he fays ^of Lyjras' with /die 

^ ComAic]rtdatlohZ)^(^^y&i of /^^^ has^gr^^en 

"of 'him.' ■ ^' / • ' •- ' '■•■ . t -••'•- '• r' 

• ; IsOcR A+ES was the Scm of fbeodoru^ xht^'Jftbe- 

" «/^ii/,iwhbj/ having fcinf ichedhimfelf by hiaKing'mu- 

fical ItiftrAmerit^ ' ^as irt a Cofidrtibn' tfci-,^iv^-Kim 

a good E^dfaeic<i6rr. . ' HtVime-ihto flie WcHd^bout 

the eighty- fiit'tfr'aiy^rtprii; iwo and 'tWerif^'-mrs 

-after /:)7t^ij^''aT}difev^^ »^» V;^'^/^ 

" . rti htitf iVf iexecilent ' Edtltation utid^f ,P^Wn//, 

<^i>rg/3j^* '^Jfy^/^/> ;arid^accfertfi'ng.t6 rQrfiti,^i-^^i«W« j 

that is tdfay, all the TOoft'fanious'RhetifHH^¥of 

' ihbfeTifbes: • 'i-^^ ^t ■).-[-' :n .^bua^io 

His IncHnition" Would hK^tkd ferti tb'ftillWi/ttc 

vfual Ctlurft of the* yodng^JfriWw(i»V; alid46'Kivc 


Digitized by 


fib^red ii\'pubJif:k Affair3:,.wt the W^Krid^ ^^M} 

yqice^'/and .ni^ aknoft ipj>«'rnountal>fe XimkUtj^ 

not. permitting him W ycii.tur? app^aru^g in publicJl^ 

hcxTirefbcl his Views.j^ diiFercnt way* He.did not 

howevei: entir^y rcpo^ijfice.piclier. the GJocy of filot- 

.^uenc^^ or the DcQre if .re4de^'qg himfclrWcJtul xp 

the Eublk, whiqh \|rerp /^hi? ruUiig Pafllons;^ aii^ 

what ti^e, natural Iiwediment of his Voice ;dtnjcd 

lupi^ hfi/^i'oug^ts qi auj^ipifj^g by the 

Help, of his f^duftfy ,arif1r|^pfl. , Accordingly Jt^ 

^ appliad .'himlelf ^liligpnt fy .ifj),' C^mpofition 5, . and did 

p^r, Jike tbe.acnerality.^ of,^t]]fi^)SQphjfts, jn^'akcxhi- 

hierical and" li^lefi Qucftions, or S.ubjeft?, pf rheije 

Guriofity^.the O^ed^.jof his^Application,; but folid 

and inipc^xcant Topik:]fs ofi Gpyernment,, whitsh of !Ufe td.'St^'i^s^ apd'. cvcjj P.riincc^ as 

.,wen' as- private. Perfons^ apd tt thc.fat?ie .flnie -an 

\yonwr to himfelf, by the Graces he.iho;iiJ^ .^lidc*- 

yoyirSo diffWe throughout, his Writings. 

coqtryy,^. the Laws 4 as Dbf^rved jn tl;p Articfc 
, *of Ljfia^.. '^ut as thefe JPlpadings, ..dfc^jy wT-^pub^ 

upon himfcff, in confcqucnce of the Violatioii pf f|« 

JL^w, ^and obli^^ h\^i ^o. appear fjjtpi? \f^px^ the 
. |^(^sJ^ he refK^ncflci'.tj]cprx,ini;irplj'^,-(ar4J.j^^^^ a 
p Schooi foT the Inftra^lion ptjXou^h: JR P^^ 
, , , By tJ|;^i^/fiew Applip^^tiaijj th<j'Hgi^jf 9*f;^^m/« 
, hepjpe*. jn" refped, to <?rWa b >gw^h4i5. ^.fruitiW 

Nurfery of Grea^ ^^nr;! and,;, iike, . the yV*^^^ 

. 3Qr(e^ npoc c^mq out; pf ,it,b^tJiJlWIripu^ mfons, 

,^hpjjgji fee did not appps^r in, pubJick^^t the Bar^ 

.^^a^cpi^^ncdhimfdf.wicbin ti^ Vy^allspf^JiU School 

or Study, he acquired a Reputation to, whjch pone 
.n'^^/i^r^ qcwifld attain, . ,ji5E\d,,w^« ^qp^ll «^rtqeme4 
, , fqr^5iie fc.xcc;ijca?e^oJf his Co/npcikipr^^ and hisrArc 
. ,; r'l ' -of 

Digitized by 


a64 3Slk Wo*K*V^^/fJ L^^arnId. Art. \y. 
of Teachliig; w bis^WVitings ahdTiffiiTs TdflSft^ntly 

He, liatl 41 w^yndiHTuI Capacity in difcbrrtiite' .Sfie 
Force/\Genit»» and CKai^adler ofhis Scfiolirl^-att 
k kno^fng' hov^ to exertWe and diirtdrtiieir Tk- 
lentx His. SdhdolWas of' 'great UIc to the'fuB- 
lick, andaithc fanid^titiie<yf greJft Gain to hiiilfclf. 
He had generally more than* an hundred Scfcbtars 
ac five hundred Drachmas (about twenty fiV6 Pbund) 
caqb ; in ail probability for the- whole Time di tlieir 
ftudying uikfcr him. Bbfides his Income frbm |ij^ 
School^^ hciieceived gfeat Preftnts from jconfidqrabfe 
Perfons. NH&cks^ ' King of Cypnrs^ gave him 
twenty Talents (abdUt five thoufand Pounds^) for tht 
Difcourie infer tbed with his N^a me. 

Upoit th« News of the Defeat' of tht\J}henians 
by Philip 2Lt the B^ttk of Cha^rofiea^ he could not 
furvivc the Misfortune of his Country; and dit^d of 
Grief, afwr having continued four Days tvithbut eat- 
ing. He was theft fourfcore and eighteen, 6r ah 
hundred Years aid. : ' 

Our Author fays, It is hard'to defcribe the Style 
*of Ifherates better than £kero and ^4Tntilun have 
done ic: Accordingly he tites their WdrdsV but it 
IS ncedlcfs to recite them h€^e, after what hiis becrt 
faid upon ,that Head. * 

There is one Quality of Ifc'cfates'wKKM M.'Ryi(/i/f 
particularly applauds 5 ^^. 2. feis Love of Virtue aiiA 
Goodncfs. in general, -^h}Gh'4n{imt«ly^ (^ic^lcs'^'fifth 
above ftU oCher OpaUom^- His' principartSfeourfcy 
have no cdaer Xencjettcy but' to Jnl^ii^e ' State's^" 
Princes, and even private Perfons,^ wWi^SinBhfetfci 
Icrf Probity,^ Honbu!*, Fidelity;, Moderhfidrt,'* jif- 
tree, Lo>re:of the-'-l^btifck Gobd, ^eaT^bt^'ihelE^fe^^ 
ircrvapon.o^.Lite^ty,^ aikj R^ifpea-fof'tlic'SSialit^'^ 
bf .Oaths, thrFainh tifTr^fielfv' fttia'tbt^^^ll'iWij?^::''^ 
lates in aiiyi niantDer tb R^lgJen 

y Google 

Digitized by > 

4^^ ^7\ hr- O C T O » E R^ > r74fli. 265 

, IsAup.waspf QkikUis- mEutsa* He went » 

yfthensy and was the Pupil of LyJiaSy whom Jbc per- 
fcftiv rcfeimiljled in StjjJev He was Den^ftAfvjes's 
/ Maffer^, wlw) ^^vp hrifn tl^ Pit<;fcreAi:c to 'Jfotnm. 
T|c began to appear wUil^.Spkncior, after tke i^f/#- 
fiomejiim War^ :and lived tq ifte Tia3^ o{\ Philip. 

LycvR,pt;s» was highly tftcemedaf ^/Af/w i^ 
his Eloqucoce^ ,and ftiji moct ioc .hi3 Ffobtty*. The 
Civil Government of that Ci>;y wt4 tOfifidfid ro bis 
Care ^ c^uririg which he tnade fo fev^rp a..War apoa 
MafeJEa^s^ that he obliged them all: to quit iL 
He was appointed three :feveral times Kcceivcr-Gc- 
Bcral of ^he Revenue^ of th^ Cpcximon wealthy and 
jpxercifed thal;Fuuaion djiffiag. fifteen Years. Jii 
that Time 14,009 Talei^ita (about 2^ocx)^ooJ'. 
Sterling) paflTed thrQijg^ his Ha»dy>' of- which he 
gave, an ex4ft Accaunt^ Hb greafCJy.augmenttrd 
the Income of the City* While h« was' inHiiy Poft^ 
feeing one of the Farmers of the Ciift0nrt«'«arrying 
the Philofopher Ze»ocrow to Prilon,. bct^ulc fac 
had not paid a certain Tribute as A Stranger aft the 
Time, he took. him from the Ofiicerf^ aimt mitlc them 
carry die Farmer there ip his ftead, fol* having had 
t;he Infolence and Cruelty to ireas a Mao <A^ Learn- 
ing in that n^nner. He iWfts one of che Oiatoi* 
demanded by /flvxan^er of the Aiht^niaKSy ct? wliicU 
they refijjcd toqonfem. ^ : > . . 
\ Of ^$9H.;j;iH£3 and JPe'MPs,thjI'.nus» thoiu t\w 
faioiouf R;Yal$»:M, ^<?///^. .^as faid fo tTiuch-..eJfr- 
. where, tljifithe takes very little Natk:e <xt'them here, 
toqteruing himfdt wiih siting ^^/«/«fci»V Judg- 
txient gf, the' latter^ .. , !:..<. ^ '' 

HyFRjRrip^Sj/iad^brcn nt firft tht Hearer and 
Uiil\^\p^Mf-latQ. jtie, jifti^rtvards applied himlelif 
to tli<9 B;ir ^; where bis, lEIpqweoce wa^ admired^ His 
Sfy/c; iwi^abundi^pce of Sjiw^ineft and Delicacy. He 
was joined with Lycf{rguj/^y[ th^ pubHck' Admini- 
ftratjoflp when Alexander attacked ihe Qreeksy and 


Digitized by 


2M 5nfe WoRks^/Arlii^AkKE!). Art. 17. 

always declared openly. agaiaft tliat Princei A^teV 
tUc Lors of the Battk of tramm^. the Jjbeman\ ^- 
iDg upon the point of delivering him up to AHtipater^ 
be fled to Mgina^ and from thence took Refuge in 
^ Temple ot Neptune \ from whence he was VakeA 
by Force, and carried to Antipaler at Corintb^^ who 
put hiro to the mod cruel Tortures, in order to draw 
from him fome Secrets he wanted to knowf But^ 
icft the Violence of the Pain ftiould force him 'to 
betray his\Fricnds and Country, he bk off hfs 
Tongiie, and expired under the Hand^ of the Tor- 

DiNARCHus is faid to have been a Native of 
Corimbf ^nd came to fettle at /Itbens when Alexanir 
der was purfuing his .Conquefti in Jfia. He wa;$ 
the Difciple of Tbe^rafiuSy who had fucceeJed 
yfriftoile in his School., He did not plead himfelf, 
but compofed Pleadings for thole who had Occafioa 
for them. His Style was animated and vehement. 
. The Time in which the above-mcntioocd Orators 
fiourifhed was the Golden Age of Eloquence among 
the GreekSy and included about an hundred and thirty 
Years./ Before Peril ks^ Greece had produced abiinr 
dance of Great Men for Government, -Policy, an^ 
War^ befides Numbers of excellent Philofophcrs : 
but Oratory was very little known there. It was he 
who firft introduced and recommended it to that 
people ! However, it was far from becoming gp- 
neral. It alrtioft confined itfelf to Athens \ which 
City, in the Interval here Qx^kenof, produced the 
great Number of Qra^or^ whofe Ihining Merit has 
rendered its Reputation" immortal. So long i^s 
Greeci propofcd thcfe to herfelf as Models^ Ihe ex- 
celled in a fulid, mafculinc Elocution. But after 
their Death's, when fhc began infcnfibly to lofe fiftlit 
of them, and to tread in dififeren? Tracks, an fclo- 
quence of a new kind, more g^ittcriug and.embclT 
liflied, fucceeded the former, and foon made it 


Digitized by 


srfiljyilcaif;:^ OpM^iiiir^ FkALSJt£.v:s.o(m6oned 

•: 'Herijas ^haokrd ^]lir&re«/ from Pbai^a^ oAt 
iH tfevEBTti lof Athens J wUere he was bofn. . Tile 
L'«tlf*«ait3 theaphrallu£ wd& His Mifftcr: ' M. i^flUf« 
idoelima repo^uung 7) this Plabe, becaiifi 
!}be:lMi rejal*?! it at large in.thc VUth Volunicof hfis 
n/t/Ui6»t. J9iifi<)rj^ He Cdsififi^tis him here btkly ia 
K^mKtjr .tif 1^ Onator;and fhews'in what m^ncr 
'he cbofirihidced^ to. the Decline of true Oratory ac 
jttbens. * A 11 ""that he has faid upoa this Head 
^ammii|l$;Tl dtlnlk, to no more than this ^ that De- 
-^irhfjij hdrhm )aicbuiiid.iiod9r bb Preceptor 72^- 
•^n^^^alffor^ aoji dlisgaot Siyle, abounding with 
^rpixaieilis«.;lwret and hgrcreable, ^ut void of Force 
and EneiSfij on allOcc^ioiis of ad- 
dreffing >tlie: ftofxiiact, Aod f6 brougI)t.ic. into Fa- 
r.Aion.v.Lipori)which a Dtctendon <^f cbe aobicr Ora- 
(t^Tf of^Hericits^ .and the others aforcaamcd, tn^ 
/ued. . 

f hcRutri ofLibert^ at ^be/gs partly Cootribmed| 
:ts Qur.AAfhcH; abfcrveSj 'to haften that of ffloqucncc. 
Tti^X5*'cac Men, who had, done it fo much Honour 
;by the T^e^t of Speakings appeared there no more. 
iOiriy fome/Rhetoricians and Sophifts, ^ifpcricd in 
the f0ve!rftl' Parts of Grcue ahd jfjia, fupported in 
.fertwj* fthalhdcgrcc its ancient Reputacibn. 

Some; Ages! after, M. Ralli/i would jjave us ber 
Kovo, JEIo^nce refumed new Force, an J app^iired 
agairt, Jtfttitb tiJunnfl: astnjuch Splerfdon asot did at 
jlthens^ in rh^ Writings ot'_St; liafj^ St. Qre^oiy 
^Nazia^i^sk^ .Sd Chry/ylirf^ii'^^d' fonie 'crhcr i^f iht 
Vr^ek. i)ffSixx%. Tlie: htt.jri particular he is not 
llfir^d to consparc with BcmofiheneSy either Jbr B<.*auty 
rcF^Sfyie, Sdlidiry'of-Afgunn^iu, Greacncfs of,:vCat- 
Hxf^ oriForce and VcheoMrncc of PaflTions. 

We yrooeed now to the Lcnin Orators, '^he Account 
^?9vhom foJtews that of the Greck:^ / * 

''-"^ ■' T • Rojnt 

Digitized by 


x68 TSf WojVKf ^(4&[ LbahkId.. 4rtt .17. 

^ /Z^>l^ h^d no T^ftc of Eloquence tiJralicif flic 

had faWcl^ tKe nioft^ jxwcrtu^ Nations/ apd cfta; 

bliflicdt)ctfelf m PeijCc and Tranquillity ; . when h^ 

Commerc^ with tfitf^t^^^ beg^n to reform htr 

Grbfllidfe kiid Barbarity in regard *io>/ the Exercires 

of the l^ind. 'Twas then the Romanyoijichy who 

'fetktbbc]'qt> ^Wake 8^t 6t a profound Sleep^ becanie 

^fi^Mc^kp'^SL nt,^ 3peci^ of pTprir^ dimcH from 

^tbat 6r jn^ftial fexcrclfes (to which tilltba^ Peoad 

tifcy^vlfere wholly dfeyotec^ and altogcilwer unknp^ 

.CO&dr^Artq&ftcM'S. : r ; / V; x'V -. 

*^' Irii ^ot8ef/t6 give fome Idea pf tfie Begifinio^ 

^f'f^grlflfe, '^etfcaibn, and Decline, pf this Art,.'Oor 

jflijtthor divides the; A^ Oratory into four 4jBes; 

but expatiates upon Tuch^of them only, as are 010ft 

lojbwrt^ftW by '^^^^ 

I Afeij'^a gen^raryiew of the primitive Stat^ of 

feloquinte ""at Ronie, he enters on the Chara^ers 

;bf thc'firflt Set. of [Orators: ITiefe w^^ 

the Cenfdr,' tKe Gracchi,* 3qj3P|Q ^Mji,iANUi5, 

and'^ALivs.' Allthefe,' he fays, ha^ 'e^ccl|em 

i^atiikl ^arts, a jw(5nderful Fund of /Wit, .great 

dtder in .their Difdourie, Force in. their frpof^, So- 

jj^hts,^ and Eriergv :\ Bi^ .A^i^hcr 

ace^ Care in die Arrangement of 

ledge of the Harn?ony pf^^piBech. 

Tibus Perfonagcs ^e ^zk^ ^ftefr 

, throwing together: what Cicefp 

have delivered coqccrni^ rth^il^f. 

)c a few I^aflagjBs.c^ k^.lm 

li^led an infinite Nu^pber pf (>%-. 

n^^n'drec^ wd fifty qf|{i<^,iyvejpfi 

Ime V but they were not- jeidf 

Hif Eloquence wahfs only thofe Uyely.Fjggi^ m^^ 

glowing^ Colour^, that were y^ijo^^ 

Digitized by 


or hi:i v6icc. -. « ^- - 

iSl SciPiq^ipd L^iius ih; 
It was far from the Kpugjuipfi 
'^rdccta. But tie relates a 1 
hottr of Lflw^r and wljich j 
fife G^ouif and Infegr^ty^./ 
^'himr tKc C^re of a fery 
^^ pleaded k;with'abui>dan; 
* Judges^ KoWeYer did np 
*« condbfive ; and referrec 
'^ Hearing. Xr/r«i labbiin 
** % a Tecortd tiine, but vs 
"^'^ before/ Tjfpoh which, wi 
^ obliMd'hls Clients to f 
*«^ Hands, jttT^ afambu 
^ whawasi more vehement 
*'^' \t *his'^t' without great 1 
**^^prcvatJed lipon to iindp 
i^ carried it unanimoufly bj 
':' yft' cCiixit'myr to the fee 
Ok^rjr. . in this Age M/ 1 
ahdHpRissus, giore advaoC' 
a%iji3u£Vi¥ttys* younget ! 
fcKb#i Vyi'^nf thing. He 'te 
fias left us conQerntng them 
TkV H8*f%,^ It was^t 
m 'i©/dSi'Etebuenirt^ tep 

^^^k^m^^^ iri hik toyl#% fc///^^^ 

R&w^rFr6tonfai; ftbpiierVdrTome^d 
and in the IQe of Rhode i^ upon different Pretexts \ 
Wtlin rcaHty, M. Roltin fays, for the Opportunity 

T 2 of 

Digitized by 


of converting wifti the mijft atltie Rhctorfrf^rfsi' and 
in prcfct to imdrbve himfelf in Eloquence % their 
Inftrdd'iioijs,' lie HoWe'Ver always -afFeftcfl'firorh 
thencefortli to appear' ignbfant ^ofwhSt Ihe (^^^/r 
taught irurefpeft to the Arc ofS'^%h^^ ^ith' titi' 
^iew'ti!" ifenderin^ ^'H Efoquehdc' thtrriby the' Ifeft 
fufpefted. Ahd* Sccbrdfingly he W* ^n^fkriy fop-' 
pofed "byj'liis Hearers Wtdme' tq'fHcrB^' arrd to 
plej^J his 'Caiifcs, kimoft. wftho'c/t TrepAHtibnf. Bbc 
in reality he was fo v^rcll preparbd, 'that, the Judge's 
were often ndt fnoughyo \t\ tt^eil-^Diftftift -of 'hirii, 
IJJorhmjg fdr the Si/ccefs of 'his CAufe tfbkped^him. 
Hp kaew hbw'tfb difcofe every PVofbP In the !P1^ce 
wiiCTe icTtiadQ moft IfnpVtflldh. • HeSv^stfefs atten- 
tive to the Delicady bf his Terfhs/' thin W their 
Fd^fce an^ tnprgy. Be feemed to ugdrZ 'only "fhhtgs 
in ihe'mfciyesy/and r^^^^^ "Reajlhn. \ti a ^b/'e),* 'he 
. had aU xhc great <^^^ bf an'^atbr;' rfnd %- 
; po^rteHihem wohdertu/Iy bv'the !Pdfce'a(nd'Djgrrit 
. 0f his/Oberanc^^ , '' .^*' " '' '\ " "' ' .V 

CRAs^tT^^' m/Rdflht'idy^^ Was the'otilv'S^eaker 

thstt cqujd 6e ranked yvith Jmfj&n;^ ; 'arid fomeTi^Ve 

,^vdhpr^^^ Wi^ 'j:)ecali^ CftiraStr was'an 

., AJr,qt '6rVvify^'an(3 Dig Re'lkneW How to 

teniper with ah 'infinUifiing PdKterieftf,'' ibid 'feven 

„- refined Pleafentry and Raillery^ '^that'w^s'hbwcfver 

t .aiways^^oyefn^^^ by/the Rales' ^of Deceticjr. His 

] L?Lng,M^e/wa$I'torfe^ i^jij 

,^id . oC^^^^^^^?*?^ ' ^{ cxpla'ined * himfelf. With 
, woncjerixjl' Clpi-hefs',' a'nci /exalted tHe Beauty *of h:s 
Dilcoarfe'by the^StrerJgth' bf hlsf^obfs, 'Mhd by his 
agreeable A|l\ifions wd SimyituSes;' • ■ •*■ - ' " 

Whtpn :irftp^)]^t&^^h of 'Merit 

and R(^i^catK>n^ hetqqk^^^^^^ to, pl^cee^d vtith Ten* 

.1 dernef^vahci t<eferv^,^^'aj^d]ehi^'}byt,d 'lio RailJery'in 

rclbcd to 'them t1iat (jqiild'b^tfc^^^ jBiut/he't^ha^ed 

differenfly'in regard' tcrfudh as 'gaW'lJodrti Ifof it 

Digitized by 


<». a 0i»a^4V" |/)ft.apcc of {j^is. . 
: Ttot llU^Qflipr JTAre T^.cn^§ |?i?y be AciJcd bis ff^ 
-^^^V^^^ .«t th^ .Ciy il Caw ^ in wtiigh bayijcvcr «t 
l^f £4a»e tw^^^<<w/^/ar.^Xpe<jdpdr hicpi. They were 
ftotl^ ^M^.RQii» ttlU us^ ^Irpoft oi thf fg'nwt Ago, 
b«i p^flfe^itfegrQMgh «4jc.(am<^ Dignities, and ftj^plj^ 
^Ueiis^fcl vQp ^ tj^e. f^njQ.Fyr^Sifies'^nA 3tyciiei.- T?h«y 
were fo far iron) bcjng jpalous of each otbct's »dmi- 
f^lieiC^i^ieiy (hit the;:? fybrift^d betW^e^ .ilyrp a 

,^* Par, Author. i8 wre Iwef ii) his Aocottot^ laf 
iC>TTA aAd,Swi-P.|Xi,VS, pgticxnpotariejs ^jjik fhe 
^l^v^o^Qjied* md vho .roacfc 4 ^iiu'rtg Figwre It 
it^ Bar. The Ch^tr^^ier <^i tteir filcxjucntc was 
qpito diffcf^jDti . . , , , ./ - .». . 

CaTT/A^sTovcotkin was acute and peoett^bgt 
Jbi3 E^locnttQfl4>ttrc aad flowing.. As th^ Wea;kncf6 
ot h^i Lu(ig$. obligecj htm $ifoi^ ali vio^nir Exer<» 
tions ci Voice, be' took cdire 10 adapt his '5rylc and 
..M^per pt .CQaxpo(ing,to d^ 4nfi/ttiity of \ns Or-r 

gMis, Ev^fy tiding ih it, was JM.ft> '^^•^^ apditrongi 

jknd>bc lud the. Addrefs fo ^o order his Weadings, 

as to ioftvigncfi thQ J^dgejs n<^ lets by his jcalm and 

fofupofed ^/l^ff^f^ jihan SMlfiUiHs Was able' to do by 

bi^^arde^vt. and aniqi4j;fd J&locutipn. ; ;.• '. 

H^5»'$ DiaiQBj^oo the contrary, w«i Ittf- 

ty, v,dhc^e«t» »ai}cj gi'ai|d:<ei?OMgh for tfe^ antkni 

: ij<^S^y* Hb Vovc^ W^s, ftrongj Iw^et, and ^dcar j 

, ^^i^.G^fturQ cxtfemely.grgceful and agreeable. His 

Piiipo^t^e WA$.«pi4 ^nd wpi^P§, but wt^^ ai^y 

vicious Superfluity,.: ,: . _ , , . ^ ' 

,r/TtvQ ;hird.<Aee of ith^ ..^^;^// ,.0;^prs Wjis the 

, :<5oJ(ifi^Agc i?^g»(i;? ElCjqu^nce: It^ Dura- 

..lifon w;i^'^rt ;. but Jc (bpne out *wich extraordinary 

[^ I^jj^rc^^^'j^jtimoit^ Ro^e with Ath)is. It 

, Wr>P ja .^ii. Period tt^at ,J;Jqrtensius5, Ci^js^R, 

. .Brutus, Mesvala, and'divcrsotbcis, acquired an, 

T 3 immortal 

Digitized by 


Z7» ^liVfoKiiskJMbeLiki.'^tA Ait. fft^ 

immoral RepocMioa, HJod|h ihtirr Oratibiis iiii^ 
not come down to us. But Cicero nbkuris^'mf^ 
G]ory«f (dl the reft, and mny be ocrififidered a^' &c 
moft perfeft Model df the Xm»tt BiotjfUactMa^ 
ever appfcired in the Wo^y. M. JRim^hamjS' 
eHewhere' expttbted largely apoM thiji-llkftndiS^ 
SutH^, there remains little c& be faid )Jev&-dl %! 
df that little I flull feleft afld'lay ti^thei^ three o^' 
four PftBkges.- • •■ ;.."■.>.-■,■• ••■•3' 

This prodigious Metf was indebted tb Katt^ B^i 
a hmppy Genius, which-'was cultivated undct- th6" 
Dircaioh" qf€rajks, ¥h<> IsJijd dbwh thi WM oT 
bis Studies. He had- i!he irt>fcft Mafttrs of thb^^ 
Times in\R0m<(| and "^rti afterwards into Greece 
and AfU MttwtX t«r leai^ the Pwceptsof Oratory- 
at their Source. He 'Wis donvinCcd, *• Ihit Ae Ta- 
lew of Sipe«king could 'only be acquired by a> Vaft 
Exttne of ErtiditJdn; Atebrdingty, i*fl&aded'thae 
wyv64t tfee' «l»ft'a(8clu6tts Application,' rtdthing- 
^ifti^^ld^bei^-attm'Aed!* he devot«d himie)f wholly 
t« Reailiri^. ^-Thfe'FfUfts'W it foow aji^ared, and 
ftdih'iMS hriftffli^ing' hin}felf'« i*te Kat^^ he wasf- 
dSftif^iffi^dTl^MirtlV^fel A^hiufK^ Htf had a 
ftrfar,q<#arttti'' aodf'fllftfilrrig'Wit •, 'ft cich arid'liv^y 
lTfiaglrdtitjRii^a«l^^n' fife ^ilril i>Ieadihgsf a pelilhed, 
fl«A-idj 4kihdant« '-afld'litSuriaht Styi> VIrhieh laft 
Qttti%<)}j^%^4P^ttitV'tt'^yott»gC)^ator=vbut as it 
wouMt^fia^i^tfc'infc'bull^btet^' fcis^ AioW!' adVaticed ' 
Years, fo, after going to. Athens y and IntO'-iAf^'' 
J^BM^; ^^4i'ik e£«kbi!at^'<^j^h«-Wiis^fot Plead%^ 
hit %feeat»«i ^Qi^ipte;^ ^"Jeamied Ithieioriciahs 
who taighffheircj^'hj* returned to *««?< almdft in-' 
tftely dhangrf,isB4*i)e^thac Gi^cferiiftaitee.^frotn-'what ' 
he w^i WhSfi he \^^:" lMm^'<6aie Rbofidn id pattii''- 
ctrlaf w«»-bJFgi^a!e'U'ft itflhih/, in' tea>£hing him -M' 
reti^eK ^^S'SUperfieity MiH Redutidaftce that po^' 
cceied'fixjW -the'NVitVlftth'jAKl-'ViViaeity 'of *»* 
Y»Wh,"' iW accuftoming liim to a lefs diffufed 

• ■ Style, 

Digitized by 


Art i^A i?Wr QCf flhJBcERi 17401: 273: 

A||iwrky... ... .,,..• ..;.,,.. 

,fTl)(^ £fPMdapoA t)pcited in:))im by 4;bp gre%t Sue* 
cfi(f|^4)is.^P^ but Rival) HQrHnfms^ iwasiof , 

ii|^^ sSqriripP to bim/ He^ feems Iro^jf h$ocefoir(|ft^^ 
t^ii^^icrtPR^ the Ekfigaot carrying; k^^^^tfa^^ 
or ^ jl^#;4»fPHM^ witji Ivery ihft Glory of RJ^k. 
(^ncp^ . Her exerci^ \^^^\i in jevcfy. Branch of 
it cour^geoufly, without negleAing any« Xh^ fim-, 
pl^^.f^ florid,, tod the fubrfimc £i^ylfi& bopiine 
cqpally fiviv to hioi, N{>U>dykQew.Qh^i^l^V 
of. Maa bcrter than he« m^ ru^cecde4 t^tfr ;i(K 
nK>9^g.the Springs oi ;c, ioi which way ig(t\tx bej Fii^lly, i^ Qr^tor cycr,?3pc:Qiled him^ 
ii^lbe Pifppfuiqn ^t Yf9rd^^ which inoiuiusojl ing^ 
niteiy to* chfi Beauty of p^fcourfe .; 

We arc npw arrived ^ the fourth 9IhI .^ftc^^ser 
of the Rj^ffi^ Orators: ^ T|>e lad Period pi^ MJk^ 
clenfion, which coipnaenced Ihprtly aicer t;he Ik^ij;^, 
djiiffiftm. S£N scA y^a«i the Fcribn who brpugjht;^ 
on this (Uu^finpbi : A Mw in ptber RcfpffSt* fA » < 
fijEie, Genius^ rare Talents,, and ^ moft e^fUi^fiir 
Semicnents.^ A too great Efteem for himf^f^ a kii^d r 
t)f Jcaloufy ^f the great Men who had af>p^rf4 
befom bioiY a violent Pefire o(; di^Usguiihing J^m*] 
felf, and being <Hb<;«^ cauWiPim «0t 
quit (he ufual Track, wd throw biff^lf ii;|o J^atj^ 
tlm were pty9 and wkoowq ;M^ hi&^Pifc^ceflbri ia. 
Oratory^. _, ^ \. , ^f',//. -.^i. ^: .^.v 

Tj^c (Sr^M^s with vjfbiph Cff^ri? iiad ^^^ll^bfcl^ 
tU goffi^i ^lp()iiaK^^ wcape^ j^i^i^oufly . 
di(peqff4>\buf iS^inr^^ }ayi(hed them^^boMt Difcfc^ 
tiW^. ipr JVieafure,;. • Noaficitnjfi A»tbpr lb«nWhef ia ^ 
ttif^Y^ ^ $ne^ or fo^lbUd Thong^ aa be 1 .But he { 
f]^il$,.die^ .by 'th^ /Vmitb^fes and C^ibblf^ witb- 
whi^ ji^.y ar^ wfwU^il*r^d» \fj,2^Xk oc^dTwAfri 
lOJt^^tifgj 9f.fpdiT7g fttooft^ey^y Peri^ witb ai) qj^^-^ 
L^'ufis> i' ' r : . .; T -t . -..f^: -. gramsmjior- 

Digitized by 


mj. .h^ R^^^ 

hij Pacctor^ifl?o^jlr45fij««r',^ U rile't^nlyPiocftt* 

totich'upon the Inci4c;flt5,^\Lift;;.' ( %- ...,:' 

-tie w^.^^ro ati C?^^,! a. City oPiJl^i^.t Hk 

Mcjcfier ,wft? ^/|j^ t^ IShi^GTaJift'^ Sftfter» wh6i ^v- 

vp:y.tsirivyj^ir^^ one oi^.tte gttatcflJ^ 

Pcriona pfh^ Agf, was Jji^j^uardlan j whiD* always,. 
c^/ifidered him;a^^^ his owi? Son^ arrd t^ok; ipmljcftbc 
Gbrc (fff .i^ril, J^ Was go lefe: happy in 'iVtafttrsj^^ 

tqricK under ^infidanj and was the Pupil who did.. 
h!mitli?.npq^n^onpuir, ^pd alfo dxpt-eflcd fche^moft 
(Jratii^dc tpv?i{^ him. . 4t tfie Age o^ foiirtccn':hq 
compofea a'&r^^i:'']^ri^cdy/ He eKefC?fcti himftjf- 
aftid«:>^4i'^ JP pyery. Spi^desf of Pdct(yi ^wiiicji he 
nfadp^. Jbis Ajtrimfenymt.^ ;H^ Was {ki\% into J'jrtfi ? 
w'herc'he ftft\^e4 for (bwtX^^t at iftife Heid df a 
Legbrf^ Xll ijici t^^ Jhi§ Dutyiaiff6rded hirtx" 
'•^?'"f> *^?::4^t^f ?1^! to th?X«5i9;wfe^,and CpDy§tfa(ion 
or '£^^^'^/ffj^ • ^ *^ ^^" 

Cifrn to K^i^V,' fie ^t&^cdjhimfelf iricrre do^ly tfaatt 
eveHoriPiff^ the NaWaJift^:/whc3^bad adopted; hirft, 
a«d ;ia^*whom he: H?d^ ihifrgp^d. Fortuntj;to^rtd a 
. FathJr^'; Jl^a;ffcr^^ , Model , ^d excellent Guide. Kfe , 
c6lleftetf 1^15 %lite^ Mqoutfcs. aiid.ftudied all hi$ ' 
Action?, ..^ \ , ^^,.v. " • - ) 


Digitized by 



the Suppdrt he Iiatf'ibund' in hhifi he iSii^ W 
9«Mi{rrifaM thMt 6f1ii« mAi IVleirit/tmd'B^Aed'litriTftir 

IttH^«?bfeft#e tftfc Ce«frirM'J/w'ift"'«'Msn*»;;>WicrcTt»* 
hc-titts%nd<jr ttmikf^tf'tiFime^R&mii^'aiym 
^irrfeoKof ifie'lfigfteft Greffl^'lrt 3B>wp, 'wWrtitri Hki' 
c«fBiAg'a«tfe*hbn»«HelEint)«r^ hon^efh^^ah'H^ 
wwiir.- It' *a)i «*hfe A^kJft th* «tft-WBltfe' Riftr 
Idicwff, 'aAdf oj*n«d tfte W*y ftr-flMf V«» Htj'potat-^ 
t»n which he aftcHysWs-atqtrii'edlr ''' - " ■ '~ / *• 
' 'He fai»etiirt« fpok« feven Hours, whcn-lrifrfftff 
vsw rt»e-off?f ftirterfWtt* in ^^AiSbnmf^ fit- 
ntti» b\kided bat fbr tte- ^iQblitk'WttS^,' M^ 
F«ra*; 0!<5thoft "^hofefl^FoWone* hW lifir' thtm; 
lionet Hc*mideh'a1»taififre;' jSrf fc*c» a l>Jry,' 
td-ifllft^fith' hB 'Advice,' kritf w-ffltiWttc^ y^^g;' 
Perl<jn»6ri%rtTify and Hopes afthtBar. Rfet^pbW' 
n^ andfertafce l<>ftrc Owfei, botopofi'CftiA^''of' 
hkvirt^ ^on'^ AdV^*c'*)ittcd'W««li* '^I^W 
tfk tf?gft<ft JdyttJ Wfri'-to ft^ tfiettt tegift^ Atllftin-!; 
gotth thfcrtife/Wi- ih bfca^g, ^ 'th:*JHig'4rt'h}i' 
aB?, antftertoxMirtghisCmAftfs. ■-'•' ' *• • ■' ■"'-■l.- 
'Ic was by th^eMecholdsffikt/'/ftf BoWi-oft W tTO*^ 
highert D1gniti(?sot'tfte St.-ite. •''Mi^afwiAs ^i^tfamt^cf* 
theVfrtaeSih tHeoi', bt"vfhftTi'to' wdfc 'Wdufretf.! 
Ij» ftfe Tiftie'df Dm^?/^* WMras^Pl«roi-; •^'"•'^•"• 
M. ReUltt tnlaVg^s on l^vefil bthcir'lriftaHtci'(if' 
hfs-eotfSaef,' whlcH^Mbbnd MgfiW't6 W^Bbiibiir i"' 
bflt^hidi! itt6ff'hofcrtaytb"ih(W.^f'' ♦^*' ;'"- "' ^'' 
iraptteirt'tfjtt |t»MjiwaVih'a=rrfinrtei-<Hie W^fcge ' 
arid Alyfuni'rif'fh^' oftjrifled' 9f(iv0:es,'"i^iVc-': 
pofres fmJh j?<7ffff»'ffnWS^ kppbint'^ 

h«ttto-"b^-1hti^AdVoeltl'^'iM Mti^ef'^^H c6m-( 
rnenced againft C^HIIas C/aJ^cus, hit O6vertior"of 
that Province. Our Aifthor has ftt dowrt the To- 
pif»:'bk which he fcxpaciatcd in the Ptofecurbn of 


Digitized by 


a^6; 7WfpV^S8^rr*rfeJ9All»«l% Aff^fifh 
tl«^ Pk^^tr and hjf yik, j;oftrmn«|ts > jjMtd. i»W:: 
i«ilJi9l0bq of his Ple^dingpi agtjnft xhem.-, uv > b 

. HwZe^i agaiJoft tbe^ Vi^i|i% wi in, all Caiiies ; 
wii^ which lie was encrufted cpqcer/^Qg (^ p«i^ick ^ 
Ince(#, was foon rewarded io a Gonfpiquoufi.lV|s9- 
ner. He was a&ually made Pr£re&.of.tbe,Tf^''( 
fury, or High-Treafurer, with Gorfihfui ftrtuJi/ffi 
x^hich Office he held two- Years ( whea they, woe; 
hinh nonUlMted pinfuls fqr. the Year followu^.^ 
tr^am fpoke. io the. Senate to i>aye this JticMiQiir, 
oottfenced {ui them, prefided ia ijk; Attcesiflj of, t^t 
People'^t. thdr NiMninatjoPt and. frocUimed chcilit 
hunieif« : . ? . 

'[ It was when he ma. iiHr«A«d with this Dignity, . 
t^heproi^giintjed, Inhis^owo and his Coll«9ie'«. 
I^ame, |o ^[^iop to tt»Qk^r/f/f«it for hnvijigooia..: 
ia;r«d ir upoA fil^tn, ^4 J» make bit P^oeg^cic^ 
acftwO^giWithc^iQed^r.he hadrcc^ved ijnHQ.thfi.. 
Sf^b;,,.9qd ifijthf N%ii>e^ the whol^Smpve^ • r 

■Abwt.tJKtiEad |of,^li\P;l(;e»r.'of oor I^rd,jsp3, he. 
wasficpt: to,gi^em:Psfif0sijifid..fii/6if0MM Q«»Jpqr- 
o|:.PrqqonCul . His iole J^aipifQffmqt ^leipe jMra9 Ift 
d^i(h £9pd Qrd^r io t^isi GtHrwwpetMb ' jq a^«WKi. 
Jfuftit^, ^. red(;efs,Grif:ya^ce$„ an4 J(b^ ^Su%g« 
tisjo... A,np^ Siinpll«i% .jii,|n?rp««i| B»(«Mift(iofi 
Acccisr,anwAJff*biJiQf thstf immnt^. peceg^y, |^&,; 
h(a,kt A^^k W unifiajm ,!^<«j|er*tiQn!,;iii b« ys^lft.. 
Beh?^^ > . , condlij«fidv iW^ . Al8J^ijai»lv <rf" <)«»<ry'; 

he. wrote ,il»»fc frijapnw l.ejt«r40;3>^«fc r4»tiQg.,<evv 
tbj? Glfiifif^m* i which,^©!! wkni B^aiSWf^; few : 
qtfawrdflC. M* 3^«ff/>i:haiiiflfette!ii^h,ihe^!v/ 

he Iw nw^. fo«l>Cf j^?fl«ft.«fl»s.5 .1,:;- i „i, ,1 ,. ^iii./i 

<Jh>jS!/i»j!!» Reicwp «0ri*ilW«5ive ireftw^diRpw 
and-his :JEfi^ffyinoi)fMSt.. Jli%iftrft^Wife; htm ^^' ' 
withWtc.CWdnW!i,.:M;-<f»ir«Ki »:fee?««liii wmfffc < 
^1^. 1 "■ ' Calpkurnia. 

Digitized by 


CdipbariJia.' -Oot Auehctr litis ^iveo ^' «*' mpfP' 
chartnii« Idea of thisiLiidy, in ref^vA ofOid- eoti' 
jiig«) AfeAidri to her'Hufbsnd; «ncf>fte ikodtn- 
pHflimetitiof lierMifK}. • ■• • • '■■'"% 

Neither the Thne norCircomftances tff i*Knf¥ 
De«h aM 'known. ' . . .' . .. ■ '/ 

. M."i&»W/)i does notertd here. We cells oJs.iWe 
haslhot pretended Wtherto- to give an cxaift and 
cdWlnum Account <iF/*//«/i Aftions, but only arf 
I^ €>f'his Charader>byfome EvenW more rtii>arft-: 
aMe ilMin ^hen, attd ddnfequently the moft propef' 
for Mak'fftg kkiMw^- \^itlHhe feme View =he adds 
fome other Fa&s, without confining hinolelf to the 
Onder ol Tiftie j ind'Teddc« them' under thefc 
UtHStSK' l.-^Plnifi Jfp>pliiaiiitH n Sfiidj. M:' ffir 
EJhihflnfir ■^erflmi tfVvrUie afid Learmn^. llll Hit 
LHnmm^.- Vf. His HittdetM l^leafufes. ^. Hit' 
Ardour fW Glefry. ■ Mv H^u foins togttfuev a. Num- " 
ber oPIMI&ges TtMing td ihefe T(^a^- iMtKifiect - 
fi«fiiJP0*/vEpift}&! By all which we- iee,thafttHs 
cde^yftwd'OfttioP «as iikkfl^tigible in.^M'Shidiei,'^ 
that lhey'>wet« his Whole ^oH^lation, thii bt ytai'^ 
higM>jp^l%hied-#itll ttaAing Zii«f, rh^i his%diiii)ied< - 
the AtM^eilt»; %jeildut.dbl^ng the {Vlloderns. •'^htx^ 
afl the 'tiioa diftir^U'Hhcd Ftribns-at theA^ we^ * 
hiit^l^iieA^:' ■ THj(t^h»lMd It VidtMv and rfi«io4fbaJ: 
F^'ScMi «h4n^ tnfity^of^ ^eileeft Fbttmih^Romn.'' 
h6' tfiade W very gdUrous Preftnt to^ QuintWim 4Mi '. ' 
Mailer, towards the Portioo of his Daughter on-tve^ ' 
;R»hMgi:?iM»^^iW«>'iMs Ntttfi^vi ftMit'EftBi!^,''tK%nh' 
ab»i3«^9iifndi«^ PtiUhda'ffrcytiMi. M.^mmnAs^ 
WhfcVgriibtllyGlrliPdfiftMidtM Date di£( in ^itis-man^- 
u^9 pn/^^'tibvrtfwi, ^tftl»4hi5> kft'SoQflty'to >fak 
Nurfe, a little Prefent }^aAd'4iftef4)«ftiHiri%iPt^n 
he^f^f^ 'llrittiMm mate 4i«(»^@&meft'0tii'ie'hisi Con- 
ce!*?^ Ha^rites'td 'tiie'ftrfoB' whJ/fiatf'tJfc (Dir<j 
otUtp^.ittJi^A^tfiiQii (hti-l«i^ro^tnAft'latic4a'iimft' 

Digitized by 


^ BoT^ adds he, (he wha received this lc«k iP^MpoK; 
<^ W iKM" more Intereft'lir its PrpdMce dwiirwiici 
*^ gain it her.** There an) ciberye> grander Inftaoiceii 
of his Qfencrofity, whkh our AiMfhor pvoduoes/ tM; 
vfikibhereis nokoom'fJM'tnenttJ^ — .* 

' By N!. Mlfn^s Quotatiofts^^ find likewttfe^ :that 
Ij^Iinfi pfi^bStion wad n6t rigid and axiftere, ibui 
Octremely gay ahd facecidulin that he was^ gted te 
fee bis Friends at bb Tablt^^ and oic^V' gaw zmd 
accepted Bntertainmeiils) btn fudi of wkichiTesf)^ 
Iterance, Obiit'eriation, aiid Readiog^iMdo diepEm*; 
tipal Fart: That he never ifbougbj; be mily enjoyed 
liife, but wHeh he coold'fittall ivom the Tx>wiv 'td 
wc of m Cbi^ntry^featsy df 'which Ite had fe^ 
*;ahd*that bf«Ochards,'W3 Kitchen and other bar- 
-'der^^ ^hls BoUidtngs, and dbecially tbefe that wets 
Iri^ tn«nilcr th\^ Work of h« oWd Hinds, aflSwdcd 

\ Bythdfe^CitadoQs- that relate to P/i«i/s Ardour 
fi>r Reputation it is piado^^as M. Roftifi noies^ that 

' Glory was the Sotil of aM iUs Viroftca^ His AippJi^ 
tationj. teifuiie, Diverfioni,. Studies, all ^tended 

'ihitway; It^wiis a Maiim widi him,* that the 
oidy "Amhitioh Which iiBtjed - an^' honeft Miany vrts 
yimet h W^in^s wortl^ p^ hing ^rwei 'or ta 

' ■ ^/i^ ffoingi wmlrf of bting i^ead: Me did' inot -de- 

^loy,^ tbaif wie- Love of Glory ^washi^ darlin^^Paf- 
fioh: and indeed it is moft evident ftiom.dbtcf6 In- 

^ftafcces which 66r Author ha^ .proditetti* » i 
. - Wf. j/JfifenjrHfkys, h6 h approtoettlive, that he ¥^ill 
be thoiight tolhavei e^patiatcTd ^toO^'fer upon>/Vi«^*s 
pdVattf CMraiatbr; ^nd ilkrtiiif' Rtadf^iw'M tUak 
she Extra£|^^ h^thas:rtiade^fromi^is Liters! t^iong 
HoA jrfmndiarit '- Ht 'OMtoi'^tbtty-ttiay bttve .Rcafca 
fcr jchisn ftut he pleiids^ndbly^for hfe JEKti^^ubat 
*^ Atfe ChM^afters ctf • Imiigrkyv •Pr^bit5P,> Getteio- 

• *^ %,' tbve df tfie^PUbltelii 'wHich^'^^^^^^ 
*^ fiH'tuhecrf'^dutAge,^ aW tefcotatJ fo fare^j'traiir- 
^ port 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


f pot^ him out of jiirtifelfi bvjfhliis Admiratipn, 
** aWd teifder biOfi.inca^pable of ^rjc^ing hisJDcx, 
*^ .'fcrfpiiom of ihern., , .^ ., , \ . /.. .,. 

' M. HoiHn has ttWrked' concerning -that A??^K 
tior> of i^U»y% Which was the reigning Paffion- pj^ 
hi^Sotfl, and influenced all lji$ VieW^add A^^ionsj 
that although it did ndt /difhonoar hia^ ui the.Eyt| 
ipf the World, it Was a.Crime in/the Sijght ^or (;he, 
fopreme; judge, »-All the ilKiftrious Writers of th^ 
Pagans, were infefted Wifh ii;, and fQleiy(eflgrp(fc3 
by tkc peflre and. Care 6f trknfm'itting thf ir M 
to future Ages,' by Writings, y hich 'they,Sirere ''i^ 
^hbpes >^Uld endure for ever^ and cfct^in .^hco^' ' k 
kin^bfimmortatijfy, which they werVfopliflbLqpfeqg^j^ 
to 'icomfent thertifdvrs with. But,^^. as he . add j| 
*« cbuIAany thing b(^ more. precarious aqd/pvQ^^^^ 
« ihdij tWs Ho'pei\ 'Could Wt/I^i^^^ 
*« abpHflled the grfeatel^ ^krt 6f the Wpri^ jtpf thofc; 
*' vain M'^n, have alfo abolil^ed'jthe. little thajt re* 
*^ mains of thetn ? ' Tb what are" tliey iVdc^^gd. for 
** the Fragments of. diem that have! etf^ppj^^^li^ 
^^ gehdfal Sbipv/reek ? — -^,Had' It] i^ij beeh^'jTor 
<^ the. Studies kept up by (he CbralV'-" '^hurp^^ 
«♦ ^yould not Barbarifm hr^ye annihil^t^c ^Pf)fs, 

** and Names thrdughfOut the. Univ fij?^ 

f* vain, hpw trifling .then i^ tlje | '."pon 

** 'wlfi<Jh rthey relied^ and to which the \y c^pr: 

«* voted themfelves ! . . ,, ,1 I. f- ^i^ - 

The "KlUagfcs which M.^ r?(^%Jias^.f^^^ 
the Panegyric Upon rwA«( arp canfp^^q^ mid(^'cer- 
'tain' Ticks, Firft:^ wq hav^: the\geiji£^^^^ 
cWt Ecoperor,^ SJecpn^lyj/his Cop^tK^^tgwarc^i'the 
Army: is.iippfeudcd. ^ .TJjijrdlylfj.^h^nl^^ 
iRetKrn^aod Entrance it^ioj^o?!^^^ ^^^sMh .1^^^"$'^^-^" 
' dace4 Ertlper.prj is ,ft^, f9p:5h;,^ JJiour^^ly^^^i^ vaft 
> InflUdiCe of a.Prip/:^'*!^ J^i^nyglt. is eyii^ccd.. Fifthly^ 
: it';ia,fhown3^rtbtt,/VjfJ«?4j,fif L,j$f^ Honqur 

' Icparabic 

Digitized by 


^%M^^^le/ronci.;thatiQfithe Pegpk.: Siirtfity^ the 
'Jwwn^We. Uioiafi bc^when theWife i^iid Sfl**'^^^ 
rtropkHi & celebrated. Sovcnthlyi 7ri»/W^ fe iHtjini 
tQ h%v(e;.>. Kfifilh ..of 'the jows pf IPrtettdiffg. 
^Jfei^hthlyi^ it, h .obferv!cd. how JfnaniefUlly «he' pr^- 
(4^4fPg ;baid Princes wcrp: governed fey-Wei^* *#K 
ITrecd^nen* \.Laftly> ^iiny poiqcs bipt thk Rte& tb 
It/MP Gre^taefe 5. ivhich be makei toconlfift in cM^ 
dcfcei>dii>^ ^ Inhxmz^ artd being a8'benfefi€€ftt:ali 

^oiBbk ... ' . . : :.: • ;• f 

M> itoflfiir clofes trfiat he has to ixf xif^Pl^ 
*^ith.a.Jt^^grf)^Ot.i)i>'his Style. This Qreat M^tt'i 
j^anegyric ha$^ fee lays, always piflfed-tor bis Mtf- 
0er-piee©i„and <vcn in>his o\yii Timcy ikhM mai^ 
^ bis Orations whicb.had>aiciiuirtd him a'graw Rc- 
j^tatVw:. W. the Bar^ were extant. Hisr Wit Iht^s 
Ou| f Yi?f y/ wl|cre in this DiJfcburfeV bur hlsf^eirt- k 
l^ill ' Q^Fej f ricten t in it I ancf all know, cmr Audnir 
%s^ijM.t?«0 Bl<)qtton?K# flows from the Hearts 
Wbeanl^^rfpolie fcls Panegyric^ it was hoc foldtig 
iS.'Hii* ^fc pt'eieot* .lit wastwac Wl gftiP the fil^ 
felTay^ that, like ah able Painter, he^added hew 
^ Sp^^ rtCiAitto.chc.Partrait of his Hero 5 but all 
fekertifi»rtxihe Llfe^. and which,^ far ftwrt altering 
t]»t ^ikwftrfs ;:ana Trijth, ; only rcndctqi them, 
Jkfll^'iifWsliTiOriR fenfilrfc.: : cN - " 

riirfeft;%lepf:it, M. JiolUn hp^ is elegant, ftt>i 
rl4ytyt$dJ»{niriQMS. The/rhcughcs «nre^,, jfolidy 
XfSgimft^Wrik arid»of»n^fcfcnfi iikirclyijiewi ,-Thc 
lDi^tef%j^Quqgb.gMrlJfy finof^ no& 

AungioiW'^: t)r ithat does^^ itoi^l^it ihe Sobje^r v4ibdi 
fuj^t^oc^/jis Jtjigniigr.i' Tbe £)efcrif3ti6ns( ait Uvcty^ 
naiural^-^ctrcumffftntiaU aindibll rttf ^ Jija^y'ltgagcisl 
which /« tbe^Olbjoflt bcfoiteithfc Eyes,! a»d .rcnde^iibr 
renfrf^jjf^r-^^he.itbdle .Pidaelvabobnds with JWaj&Bs' 
aiidi Smtba^ts 'inrly r wdrtbjPv of/ t;he7iPtiHcer 4t\ 
|)j:aifcs;...;;<'j v',\ ■:,./,.<ikV/vv\'^ to hi" ..' ; i a\ 'V\;*v-^vV \c} 

\ .1 ^!i ^?; 

Digitized by 


A^ jSm.iukI elqgftw u this Difcoufle is, it cttuxk 
;<boif^tr^ Qttr Author tbidBy^be^pronbunced of the 
MM^M kiiKL. Them are not in it tlu^e warm atnd 
^^fiJilwckad Expremons, noble and fubRmeThongh^^ 
bo^cl Mdaifl%Aing Turns and Sallies/ and Pigdi'es 
AlU. o( Vivicicy and Fire, which abound in Ckera^ 
,an4 witch (vtrprifc^ aftooilh^ and cranfport the Soul 
out of itfc^rf ifs Eloquence refembles a clear and 
Mgrieabiie^ Streanr, wfakti flows gehciv unde^ tlie 
Shade of the Trees' that adorn its Banks^ A kitftt 
tai^.ii/ltmotoay prevails thnnighoQC his wliole Pan£- 
&t}ffi whkji makes ic not eafy to bear the reading 
pfiit tf> the end; whei^^s Cicertfn Idngeft Oration 
kffm the fineft, ^d give&the m^ft 'Pieafure. Tb 
th« Hi RMn adds. That P^?s acyte favtxsrs « 
^tttle- (^ the Tafte for Amithefeii^ Abi^ttptiHl6 ti 
Tlwu^^ jtadtftudied To^iis of Pbrafe/ iirhidi ^tt^ 
Vailed in; his Time. The feme is^ dMoov vtt \A 
Ib^l^, But with his Offences becaufe^lirf^realf 
dmched Fleets, in which, fochl a Style diki ndt dilb 
f^e^fe : Tbey are bowerer &r froo) beiUS; dotlipilf 
rabie to thofeof Cim-al' ''■ '^ - . ' i 

Tii^re is k CoUeaiohof £/i^ OradoM «itbii^ 
eati(MI» PnmgyrM vetttes^ which cotltdrinaj' - E^k^ 
ghiom upon fereraiof the Motfian Emptttm:^^^hiii 
of P/i>; is at the Head of diem, widi tleirtn <if the- 
faolie .kiBji after it. This CoWcQAotii befid» in-^ 
ohiding abundanoe pi Fa(9s not so be^foiind eife* 
whefe, iTOybeffigreatUfeKifuchas.ha;veOccaflon' 
tQcomp3reE^uie^fic8. :MdtholaU|^ 
IWicapy^ihe A^»/^irAge<du«am hi 

th^i they abound neif»esrihclefc witt ?wfy fine 
TbjHigHts^ happy Tkirftsjof Expnoffiofij lively De- 
fcriptSons, aad the jbftcft Cunnhicndiiion!,^ To give 
l^aAe^tebrs fotnt Idea of chedi, be hai> itiferted cwo 
iiii//0jPal&gos, exira(acd tram the Panegyric ipokfen 
by Nazarius in Honour of Conflantirie the Great ^'opod 
th#xBirth-day of the two Cc^fars his Sons. 


Digitized by 


f ■; ' _W- H-ff i-C-^;If « \xV4iL' ■;; ■;.'; \ ' 

^|i the uiiiflnr of (he HiSt'on'y «r ?jft^/#oli& 
V .' • ■ ' * of weVih^i^ji'. ' " '"■ ''■ 

ft '•' ' '■ • - .; ' ".,. . •. . ■ .; ./ '- i. ; 
h ;J,/'i?^. , . . ;. .'^ _ , :•• u -. 

^ A' a Work: rfc^pe . yc^r .Obfe(vatk)n^, as tl«t 
^' liepedrijhfy Akci en^ts^ fartMh$^^^hf,?iUV; 

t>y .i^iJUiHrfs }$' FttHbinkerj. * ^This Book JjaS 
•^* bccrt '^u^iihed feveraj Months^; without yopjt 
p*M ttkiag;iaiiy. Notice of it in your Hiftofy; . As I 
N «m i*iHitlg to afcrite thi% rather %o your Wact 
^f o|. Jlliftfrct- Wthertp for^confidermg fo excellent a 
-»* PctfcrnlariceV to this k ip fome Foilfs Eftiiro- 
^^'tiori. than to any more ^unjuftifiablc (^ufej t 
}y lt«vc:lrt«nttfddt<>fcmi.fQua brief Article rplating 
M ta it?,- iriWb- liflwil bcvglad to find in. ypur niejcc 
#^^Joui:h<^r:;.. ' ■, . ^:. /.. . 

?l&brW«V'iSfc', *iV. •'. . \.-' lanir _; ': 

fllPn-If C Mocivi Mf^rcjr |Ji;inpipiaily Induced this 
-1^' *wiNwtAufl)6rtd.^ubU^)heCon and 

©bfenwiois-frf Which this, Treatife tonfirfs, is a 
.raighlff v^<M^ <3^^ 5 ft . wa$ «&-? Jtrdng^ and tinjujii' 
jM^hM^ttsMsiobkb fomd A/rXr ;^*^ /(> advance J Mr 
•ifmt S^^emSyifydffrHiating md fannug d(;wn thofe 
0f aUritb^s:^ iEvefy judicious. Reader wjll look 

f** fl^i^n ^ORavo ;• Prmted for M. S/#ri>,. irt Ac Inner -7emfU 
LtLtti. ' J 740,. Rages -23,0, b^rfides the Preface.- 


rby Google 

Art 18. FerOtrrOBER, 1746. 2I&3 

for fimicifaifl^ octraordinary from a Writer |irho fets 
out with & mikttct and genteel' a Declaration as this 
IS. Who thefe Somebody's are that have iet the 
|l|Qi^ QcndtcnMi tm yKKxh; is faft my^kill, nor is 
It my Budneis to dcaKroi^ But to be fure, if his 
Charge agaiuft them be right, they have rendered 
chemfelvcs very obnoxious, and cannot fail c^ a 
V JM& ofluxy j^nemies^ befides hiqi» wbUe tb^ indulge 
j^jemfelves in fuch afi invidious Prai^ice as tm hp 
acduTes them cf. Moll Men value their Syi^ma 
as tlky do their Lives t nay, fprne have parted 
^ith their Lives» i:acher than re^ounpe, or lb much 
as a>nceal, their Syftems { A94 can any Cred^tuns 
Who is in his Senies, or Jvis the lead Regard to his 
very Being, as a Member of the Rep^blicH of Let-- 
ters, incur the Enmity of ip great a Fart of Mao- 
^tnd» as iuch a Procedure muft necelJarUy expofe 
him ix> : Nay, will any ooe^ y/^Q is not deftitute of 
all Bowels of Compaflioni be fo crqel to thofe. of 
his o^n Species, as to run dpwu and deipolij^ what 
is generally dear to them above alj xhings,. pieceiy 
for the fake of eftablifiiing his own C^iniQ^i r' ^ 
. And yet, furely, fomeiuch. People a$i^e^ t^iere 
muft be ; feeing we are not to fuppofe, thatjp^ave 
and learned an ^Author as ours would iislic .^i^ 
Sha4pw«, Of combat Windmills \ or WQ^14 M the 
very Entrancpof his Book, brand thofe Ferfbns with 
jto odious a Cbacader as we Qnd tkcm^ ^^*im% 
guilty of no other Mif^eniej^ncwr^ but thaf of b(|u- 
Ipg out untrodden Pat^s in polite JLi^ratUF€$« or my 
veftigatiog fome noble Tructi by new Medbqd^, 4}r 
Onconifiion Midia. . If it were ^uein t^^ diat for 
00 o(her Reafons buc thefe, he pour^ g^ i^s Re* 
fentmeats agai^ft any one ^ thi^gh that Any-one 
(hould chance to be miftaken, yet he could not fail, 
by fuch a ConduA, of exciun^ our lodigu&cioa ra- 
ther dun our Refpe&. But thts is & odious an Im* 
^atioOf that it is to be hoped no one will dare 10 

y in&nuace 

Digitized by 


fl84 S^WORKS^/i&^LEAllNED. Alt. 1 8^ 

inrmuate it No? nb* Ltt us r^fehcr be firmly 
'perfuadecf, that t\\ th6ft wiro propofe any Syfrems 
•to thc.Wofrld, that fcldfii With oar AwhorVj, let 
thtlt* Gferiids, their Tilertts,\ their Candout itjipear 
nevcff^'fd bright, teivc*^ in truth lib other fht^ioh 
than this vfle one hereurtributcd to thenri f -r/sr, "That 
of explbding the Syftems of all otherk^ 'mei^ for 
the Advancement of ttreh' bwn. Againft;tM$ S^t 
*^of Depreciators bur Author has thrown tJift a good 
'deal of juft Reproach in hi$ Preface; His 'Reproofs 
indeed do not lie in any exa6t Ordcr^' bat tttey are 
fufflcrenrty obvious nptwrthftaiiding^ There is Pcf- 
fpicuity enough in what he fays to fee what he de- 
'fign^j and what fignifies a Saperfluiiy of that Qua- 
lity in Difcourfes that are calculatdi oWy'for tlie 
Learned? ' • v • '\ '"" • . 

; As to! wljat relates lii general (© tlie Subject 
"of tiid'Sherts now before me, 1 cab do nothii^ 
ijettcfi- than tranfctibe the Author^' ''6#n elegant 
Acdobtit thereof, Derbatim. "The Cafe, Ikys he, 
' **' in* fe A is this : It is indifputabljr true, and 
*'« bfeyonftd att reafonable Contridfifiioh, that the 
^'t)06h*ine of future Rewards and \panrihmeots is 
<« tl^arly and plainly difcovcred 'and 'land down in 
« Ihei^ewT^eftattenti' and it is as i^fetitably 
"'*^ We/ iirtd beyond all reafonable 'Cdhtradraion, 
• *< ^that the Doftrine of future Rewards ^and PahiJh- 
<^ tnerits'is cfearly .a^d plalnl^/difcoVered; and; laid 
if«*'doWri in the Bobks and Wtitings oFthc "HeatheniL 
^« ^The Truth of wKich Point is now fubmittfcd tx) 
' • *^«^ tlje jPddgmfeit of every impartial Reader; ''■ ^^f[br 
; « Whofe Eafe and S^tisfaaiori in thtt GbriitJarifoit I 
; *< thougW once to hive fco^lcfted fubh T^xtt butbf 
'^ ^M NewT^flament as itlate wthis^Sabjei^V but 

«<',as > find it already 'dolie by ^t&bpGdr/?f^^^^^^ 

;.;«' the^Endofhis Ctrifiiiinlnftituiei, lottiitt^^flkt 

^ i*« • ^/ouble. Ak for- the 'Ti^anflation, 1 ;hlyc kept 

'** as'nearto fhe'Originat^s'w^^ cbrtfifterit wftfc that 

^ " *' Idiom, 

Digitized by 


*'. Icultttr t9 ^^tct\ji J^sf^^^^if ^ I fojcmnly 

^«f. t)Ct^e.4^thpr^ /iPor fpy. jgaqraftccj ]ippc,.i;i:^e 
,« jaea4er.>fiU:injikci .gnewAUoiyanccs, .fince.jt as 
,'fS Jowp^^ft i -^ft'PPt^ iW9>(^ iiq Jgijpofe.,upoii,Jiiw, 
,«f> having. ,j>ni^cj ijig .jL^ii*. iq ,tte fameJP^ wih 
.<,V,4i?. 3r.r^|f^ftaacpv.;^ tbeJfcFcral 

;^,^ fap?pCwfc^,:n#,dpu^^ uxipute ir,,rtbat 

r.f'./i?; ig..BOf^fenter(;4[nc4»witb,fl33ny mp AuiJboHtiiJs 

;« p9 |p^/a?j|p X^bjedl;, .wh^b^^ Joiner Exp^xkaoe, 

« r^r,;Hi i^leKiJ^ pxig^ai. h^v,e. furiniflied him 
, <^ wi|h,^;. (jij^l biipetbefc, may be i^ifficieivito pi:oye 

*' what^ I prqppfe. If any one defire to J^iDW wl^y 
. *« I.didnpt print ti>p,prigfnalxjf fucb Ayt^^ 
,/5 ^rw?t^ in,j(xr^<j* 5 .i^y^ntyer jfi^ ThpWpr fofne 
, ,*V Qfj^er Jt,qafgi}& I,fepi44 notihavc xhougbt it .pro- 

.*' fiVb }fet ; tljuw] ^lone .wUl s^ettainLy .be Xu^aqnt, 
,.*^ wbich i&:iri Subftaqce tbe uxpe wuji onjs^ alxjcady 
. ^^ givjen by .my Lord, ^hiet Jpfticc ^^/^ ; xhat^ by 
, '* a lojfg.Avgcarion jpg^ &udics of ^quife apotbcr 
.:^^ .^J^je, XJ^. far mglf<^ my la^j^Qyement Jn 

\j' , djerftand ij, ..ciii^ei: tq rqad, ',and muchjefs to wKite 
'^ '^ynt^h 2^[^y Xo^^ |li4daace, .ohb Pl^afuiresto 

* /, jOtip'Ajwl^qr bas.divi^ 

hfoph^n, iBfiie^ ! ^^ , tuiunJSutt ^, Me^'r^s. and 

. rmifim^Pf^ ^^ (hf^td^red And\ wfiiij(rfd:' In Ae 

4^^^A^ i0pif^Qns..9f ihii^Phihfp^^^ concernipg 

jif fuWeJlfaifM.0Ke /eip^^^ ' In.^bq t^ird we have 

ibiipfJli^ofljtl^^^ that Jbe..JndenfSy 

far^u^lar^tbf Pbtlofiphgrs^Jid b'dkvathe<t>Q£lripe 

^ JtifHTi Reip^rdi a^ P^ijbmeptf. In the fourth 

wf^e w^orm^^ wb^f .fort ofj^mards^ and Punijl^- 

U 2 »;^w/J 

Digitized by 


'286 Tif Works offbeJ^^AjL-tikp* Art. i^. 

mhts tbefbeld ahfurd and ridiculousy and therefore 
da mt believe iM^ huiMd Senfin 

The 6rfk Chaptm opens with a ReflefHon, whtcH^ 
aocnrkhftanding any RegM*d I may hav^ fc# 'this 
Author^ my imparcialicy ^il nctftifibr riie td'ju^ 
€ify« Itiaufxxi aO^ndemari, wborndftbeoWhecl 
to^have a noble Gemss, «)d fudt Acconl(Hiflif^nt& 
aa imgbt fiM^ee e^n hi« Eaemied to eftacm^ hliri'^ 
and ivho, having no [^rliouhMr Temptatkm-tcK dtenK 
diiguifr, /o*'pwv«rt the Troth, flioold b6 ftppbfcd; 
vrhiere tterei^ not Evidtnce to the contrary, t6*tia^ 
die.Eibblifiithcnt thereof at Heart, in^ ^11 hh M- 
<priries4 and iKM4x) oflwr^s Arguments^, liKiatiteii 
confcioasbf being mere PstralOgirtn. Btlt'^^I&»d^ 
would havfe a wry difieretit Ide^ of the Cafe^ wK6 
fli0ilid\t<»iii' it by* what our Author has fieid 4ft the 
JVpaniblo'tdthisCha^rj ^iz. - -'" ' ' 
...^^ ^Il^jias^nor aliM^steen the Happirftl^ of^ leatfn^ 
.«t aodibgeaious^Men, to^turh kWrThodghtiiand 
^ /Stuofesoto\thedii«ft^m!l'imni«Sa!e Difco^fcl^ of 
4* Trudu, und^het^ftl ahd ftrbftantid ImpWiVWiient 
•*^f iMinkiikd/ ' What Wirfe the vaJibus' Mbrives 
flTj^rhc^at Tirrtes havfe bfeeft the Gc^afibn^bP this 
1m iafeffi^feev'ist>fi'n6'^G^ to 

^: ipqaim'J ^ That ^hkh feeftis moft td M^e %i!au- 

. ^jwcoa itW^ Auc^o^ bf^ The Dhihi'EepHion oY 
«< Mofef^ -h ihe Adraftdettiehrof a e<5i^imv^rite 
i^ (ScheiMe3'^^vv4ncbv Ite^vef* gmnd arid hoBKi^ When 
^^bmbgtwio^ LigK '^iW not, I Mk^. Vjg&i^ 
ci«^' ittttCh,i-Lufl«e Jroitt/\hti €ontraft oPTD^^ 
-«i^h4g»fJthrt>ivhj^Akpoh ^he^Ancienfti. Ifl^ftferiftV^^ 
«< furprifing, notwithftanding all the following 
^*< Ai«Mfi(!i^ %tiamMj M6re,^'^iiw;\f/d'^ouk, 
<* ^;h^s.;^?()1^4.•Gentlcr^at>Jq)^{t, %x(C^ffic?.:iMr4t|,,.j(a 
.'^^t. the >(^cr^]V:. tbdtf^eiibov^d ittttttt fees^iaOfrrtbe 

♦'^ evfdentnt^.i^^.,{tp^f{Jik^f^,Mm;ietifW^ of 


Digitized by 


Art. i8. jPbr O C T (> B E R, I749» 287 

*^ (SI future State of RcTMrJi^ ^and PumJimenfJt^ 
*^ Vfbich'tkey mo0 indufHoafy. propofaieiin Si^lety. 
^.« And iodosd h<p was .wdlWi^ne of'. the iSorfir^ 
*^ fuch an AiTercian .wxi^uld raife; m \^i& Readcn^^ 
f . whj^n imm^i^^y^tefring he hjz^^Tit the c0i^ 
f^ tr^tyi i^(iWf^. ieen fo hmg uui fa pntanUfyituhet^ 

V M g^^^^ ^d ibfi Qpnimxiftb9^Flaitfiffb»9 
^f fa often mge^by omt.^& ^Vf^riUr^y. as .^irtforwi^ 

• '5 ^ble Oiifd fa^fmrabl^: to the Cbnifkiain Ik^lfi^ijffa 

V future St0U^ I/u/peS thai \wbat iI^-Mve^iirr 
*f yiiV, 'Will be sfi^emed at, fmfi Segtur^fifkiriafonn^ 
|f ^le ^ iicfiutdous Paradox. A^d ag^ i^Jf^m^ 
f ^ premfed tku$ mmb '40 that our :Hfa^y ami 
^S abate « the frejudim ^agmi^.(^ ^wm -Opmbk;^ J 
f,^,comeMw^ &c. Atid ^ftmNff(kt, N^twiti^Mti^. 
*• ing the full Evidetm ^ftbfh^ &eaisn'y.J^rfit^t& 
^y the gffter4^^ Pr^ndic.\ fiippo$^t4^l^.ih§./Rki^ 
;*<. hkfi^fs of the^ fboa^kie^ itfelf^ \ fnMljeHi be Ugm fQ 
'« fMkA tb9 Reader f^lfft$d birJffmt to\i^ 

*^ €lnfion^* 1 By. all w<hi<;^^ and iixtefld jiia;i«(holc 
*5 MwnprofjtreaiingtihisjSulljea, hcipiiiblj^xitf- 
>.« covers fijch a great Diftfwft oi has Aitgutnems 
^'. and . CoQclufiona co cpayince cheJudgteiM o£ 
f «.;hj5 B.eaders» . that he Tacher ieemS. labcmnifgi for. 
f5 YifS^ the Schopjs,TthanJferiwfly!cndeair0Ui>-. 
5^ ipg ta mak^ put;a.plwbai5doafy. Tenth,: vf. - 
It 'After ^his (^nfure^.wjiiicby I ackm>wledge«jCDUft 
:Jie.y^fy w^U fyqiKied^ n<M:f tp caJAfor a^mwit^rjlmrpei: 
*flrti^.t^;An^a4y«rteri/9iH;:A»t^ .^pfetfiifigrtoua (as 
^jt^r^ withi hirpi ia tbjnkiBg ;he]JbadvbrftdQ)rMr, 

"1'-: ' ^ '.t ..-»! i'i / •; .#; . »,* ."V i! . . Ml'. '' • h;l '' 

•Wwter IS pldiled to qon^rue into a ef?at I^ittrulJ. in Mr.J^^y- 
''ft<rAwlW'hK AVguments and OondiftDn's."" Whereasl''it Isfo far 
£^dmf (beifijipa^ itfdi' thiog;' likt '^n' Uir conimr)^ ^K^te tfj^rs 

af)preh^nfiv6 br'thfe l^J'ejjidice. aijid PrepolTeffion^of nis Readers, 
bul:>ot*a)fr^H of th^ fctHttflck^N^Jgfee o^his Kfeifoni. ' *' ' ' ' 
. . * I. * 

U 3 Warhurtoii% 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

28B ^WoKJcs »/ fift Leahneb. Att. i8, 

WMmttaih <ni€e Diftin^iqnf , Dlvifions and SubcJ^ 
vifioASy hjb Accouof at the new and old Ac^detiny^ iha 
Qrigiadf f?aWw> i^^. ,proc^s dircftly to his JPQttit> 
which is< CO /examine thofe Reafons upon ,which.U>jt 
iaaiiAr^fy^kurtm has built hi3 Qplpion of che lofi- 
doiicy of. tbfi ancient F;hiIofQpher9) andth^fe^ he^ys/ 
laaite.redocfldjo (CWq:,^ Firft, '^ Tljat jche Philpfo- 
^^ ' pbctsheld it Uv^ul for tbeipMblickpood, to %i)hq 
«t ching.wben they; thought another & and that fhey 
^' aiawiJy dfd. fo," Sccqnd^y , ^' That tHey hel* 
•♦'^foflaofuactmepjs^l Principij^oFPhibfqphy, which 
«* .wttoaltogcthtfLincopfiftent \^ith the Dofitrinc^Q^ 
«« future Rewards and Punifhmeats**'.. . Our Autjipr 
tdUkirt hinH^.tVarkn^tof^ cndeay^n^fs toprpye ihe 
iirft<^)Xh(tkPTop<)irviions(ft the ia^mt time ioifinu^ 
Utibgy.with ht5.u%L;Candpur^, that h^ doe^ it jbf 
jtt unfair vRoprcfcntwipn pf the Caf?), apj^' thc.ip 
p9i»iBddsc;Mihew.tlffi:i^^ orhVArgi^ 

rMfSi if§{^iuppon^ #Sr.our Authpr fj^yife^ would 
fravpAiaiPointirow jtheeibtpric and exoteric, or 
tbtt\mm»lMi m^^m\,T>oQtnm of tbe Anc^nts, 
5uo& differa^t i{)o^^ines. tbcf e werie:^ . our Author 
tMto^nainbiig Hlji^a Phf^faphers ; -buf that thTs Dif* 
iteca(»tfrff:E)0^io0,h^ Angr. Effed tp "hif^^r their 
believing in one Senfe, what they fometimpsjencour 
raged the People to believe in another, is what has 
bf^flioaAieami beenproved/rpm k h ^4 t|»6fle)^e.he 
^ill'-haveir, that MtjWi&ifurrmieitpsstS^ 
Tf^Fy aml?>g9p^fly^^ .where -h^ ^ffirt^,' thar^e^4iekl 
it' kwf«ji/.fp^/the;r.ppi^lict5:,.pp6d to Ya)p^'dfie .^itSir% 
Whefi they ihoUghtAiutoi^r*, . F05 iii tHe Ijp^^^t 
Queftiori, 'as'ht^ddd^^'if *e'Utidcrilaii*bythi%' Aat 
^ j^hi^fophers l^cli^N(4)^^ State'.iK aij^lri. 

.foaljinnsfiaed, and /rittftoaj. Sgnle^ ^wh^IcjhW^ 
tttrtdj 'COuhRJhinced ^tfee.- Ptt^kcipi; tBeiR^grQ)^^ jvirt- 
gar, and corporfedl NcU&Efs' bt ir-y ^tbtwwhzehc 
:kys down is certainly jtrQji. But^^ as he goes on, if 


Digitized by 


, Art. 1 8, For O C T O B E R, 1740^ 289^ 

we underftand it as he intends we ihould^ that the 
Philofop'hers preached the Doftrine oi a ftaoire Scat* 
to the People, while themfelves believed ^daterdiccfib^ 
contrary, viz. That there was no fufieit iStace tjf 
Rewards and Puniihments at all^ theft his Charge 
on the Philofophers is what can never be icbniliidcd' 
from their double DoArine. In order therefoi^it^ 
dear the Phildfophers from the Im|)Ut^tioi>of ioeiag^ 
Impoftors and Hypocriiesv * he begs Leave7td 9x^ 

f)lain this Matter to the Reader jn As eafy «n4 faitoil-^ 
iar a Manner as is pofiible, and represent ^ it \h 
fuch a Light as his own Obfervation a»d>coinaiofi 
Experience, without much Readirig, ysrili cottvinoe 
him is the true one. ....•' 

' When he has done this according to /the beft: of 
his Ability, and' with the Afffftance of- ^dhmmi 
Plutarch^' Varro^ Br. tbomas ^t^ntt-, Lmd^fin^ 
hert^ St. Amufiiny SalHift^ Jarid tweq^-oriiehCreat 
Men, feveralof whom, ashehimfdl^^tlQaovideQlgt^ 
have faid, in efFed, juft what Mr, fFarburtM^iBf^ 
he judges we may be convim:ed^^ ^^ ^(^tXthelBhi* 
" lofophers were generally vtry (bufid^'inrthe/tnif 
*^ Principles and Foundacion'ot- Rdi^ionp^.tkU: 
«* thev belie^red the B^ing and Attrisbooes of God^ 
*^ arid the Neceffity either of Vifwat ^ncbrlanQomcc 
*« or of Repentance and Am«idment id b&^QOcptei 

•^ of him.- ' • • '^ ^ ^^ ''^ 'y- .s '''"i;;-; 

, : * ' ' •' ' ' ' -•■. .■ -'i -.r: '. ; .. 1 

^ * Buthawlits'life exculpated the PliSltifopbeii 6csK.;tfe O^i^jIb 

♦V«|v pcfwesjih^ Kiiiky ot^qrh I , j"|jey Vf Vicf le/s chargeable 
.^tb . tKefli 00. Ws pcheme. .th^n on MF. Warhkr^pnS- Tins 
<5entleniari charges ^ xfittci Sj^ith Ittipdtfurei - - in -{>rapag^tif|g • k 
*l>o^rfije Wtech hhif Ibfolattfl^udiibeJictjal irf pn^ ,pnr Au^l^^r 
<dd^ ^eVtryftixrc,: (F^hd>pag|t> \X wefe[trufe^ tthat tjiev bplieved 
4i«f^tir6 Stdte, yet, ^Accor^iqg IJp^hfs own Account; mey abfo- 

Digitized by 


H^ Tiff W0SK8 oftbehEA^Hjf^. ArtJi^. 

j zni/>i9hai:hQ(^Efs{ijudtc will 

' i^der rtif nttoir : fCenadoL Belfcf >t)f 

: I>«IW ff. lhat;thfeirjEaflitl^ at/to 

0fi vKcVigifli^ was ^jotibaHiiioa 

p ta&rtbr preirailing <]lpiiiioi!SJof 

» . ^^ their.Cqiar>tryipen:r !Sj^j8haty notsifitWldDdkig their 

^**.dov^le Dpilrine,' ^fendirtheNoDeflity they were 

V ^* uncicr of jftdirigwg ithe coipmon PeApW in: their 
<^ Kotions, thcylwd ftiUfornk ft}toi.*nest)f thei? 

. <^ .Qfy7% pu?er $nd bQttcrigfOundcd ; landi that- vtheii: 
:x V* inWriH^tiSiyi «jccer«l Etoftr^nc did noc rektB^co 
. , 55 . por\trad^ory Poii^ ^ a$ God ind no God, a fu- 

M^ t^rc State aft(3 no future State, {^c; bilt todiffe-i 
t V !fcni5l^9Wf3, Modes, and (^iroinifhmces^c^ 

V ,1« iievingt the fame Thihg* 

^.. This brings our Author to Mr. ^arhtrlon\iC' 
[.,«pond Argwwent' agiinft the Phiiofoph^rs belicvm^ 
^ : a,fut|Mit; Sj^?? 5 which i$. Thai. they had fotoe Prin- 
1 ;i:ip^% pf PhilpfephyAaitsog^ inconfiftent dicrc- 
j.jFijh. ^.Thpfr Principtes are, firft, ThacGbd could 
,,-[pctt]ij^^bq:a<Dgry'.nor hurtaA^onc: Secondly^ That 
>. . ^ 5fluL jvas.ia difcerp^bte Part of the Whole, and 
c,^< t^' )5his,W)^le wai Qod, mto wtotn it was afgain 

,, , . Xh^v^^ fi^^ft^of thefc Principles ysifsts Wd bythe 
^ ^ ,Plwlc4"^er^^,^. ^arburion^ it fcctt^, ^endeavours 
,' tp ^ppQrtiby:Ra9ages fr9to the Ancibnts'/ One i3 

,' in. ^^rni^Wt tbisP^(rftg©> bur Authelr. tells us, 
,-. iVrhWff^dflre^ragrtcaritrfc tOthegerarineSenfepfthat 

. Wcitciy wiM be pf no Significaocy to* hftn ; and 
I accordingly \it ha3,j tgr the Help of the Context, 
made a Tranflation therecrf, iwihichj tfJtbebut a juft 
. . <mx, 9Wft deprive Mr. ff^iLrbUtm of all the Be- 
^ ncfitof it;/ Howf^ver, ibis' Is but a licgltivc Argu- 
., ipent |. ap^ therefor^ he: attegi|ys. afterwards toihe^ 
.lii'jby idiycr$jX^WW»S^^^:fbat- the ' old /Fiji tofophera. 
sr.ncoio: '^ bcli?vc4 

Digitized by 


ixsKsynlbthr eo^\^Q»\Ty ']^(Ikd qCI9Hi^/^and 

1 to ilirtfig^Acn ;his>CbndliifiDi!tv 'i^ ftmi (i^^lflilli) i 

r.othiscdiaod, ?our ^mli^^^Withode q(16iiftg<'ifj'^ir^4ts 
- itwith' j(ti6;tithKjA'^oi(tenapt'i'' iMncI^ ^fcf ¥'fnflit 
^ Vblfcy -ottopMTOTbi 'ihtf'^et^' pKertilffeys?;^ ih'at 
. ^ I^aHtkis^MfmitUMds. this^n^JSeVittftieht'of 
«< the Rhiiofcptieng 4Tidi]A iStsiANbilti^g '^itfi KJ ^feU 
r**i into a Ptiddte- of '.foklJfbJUf^imV '"■'-"^ ^' 
i Bjfl^tbciear tba-Maar*M)fe'#ulff,']o«P'ff^^ 
c-cfainks: kmdw proper Id '«cm&dt»rtife!p(lf)^i|)tt:Mc 
.,fdf, -itWcb, as Mr..»^<*!*»m»"ity%,"g»ktljrtthBar- 
. ijflicd Aotiquity i -becaafe'lhe Artdent^;' !lyi he, 
vtciold'iicK^;difl3ngiiii&ifa;c#e«h^htfili%n'^^^ffi6^ 'and 
the Divine Attributes of;Ju(ttce anB OoBdhfeflA "But 
OUF -AtidMr'Iiop^ (anoir<ftifi^s> to t|igl^<fr' it'-aj^pear, 
: that the- Aflqienw viterc 'nttt 'M'^irembiraftecli ""Ind 
that. dMjr diftifrgoiifaod Sn .thii' PM'tiedlitKl jt^^'ih %he 
btne MhmiBr as ire'doaibwt'^ jAtidtHat'jEh^^Mler 
may be didroughij^ apprifijdof tftis Mitfcr,!iti^ays 
before iiim fontw Paf&gw;'' ifi'vitirtftfiPls^tf'^hat 
€lod is not fnbjwa-tc! Pkffi^rtj bt* fhdt'-Mie'Vv^d of 
. Angcp, , anddcaa bnrt riorie js jHid ^siji^se' fWWiSV he 
is faid to be angry, and to punifli'Sih'rePi ftlr%eir 
': Qx'itsaa'i -By wh4diV'fie*ij^J,*^»*'l:l*ieJ»^bAfertSav the 
=■ *v .bettor judge,-. n^heihet^tK* Jii{eiet§iV^ff^^ii^t%' 
I ** edly q£ th<^ fsriie OpihiOQ:^a§h'yr6tf;'<afla'^ia*not 
. «<^adB'i»€twiftiaii»^inb4^doi< l^thetiiti^VUTi re- 

««^©mi;tothe inefiibto aitdabfeli^!««Mtdd^ 

;. «' infirtitdyperfrfl-Being,' ind'^^e«m&''V^ith rc- 

, «*< fpea>to(die;RJbIatiob t(^ bifft^Md ti^lil^^it^ and 

i *[« .imperfeft EnsaiMir^w^i '■':'' ■<■' > '" "^^ ''•■■• ^ ^' "-^^"^ 

-• • Hdvisg finiflicd this.^A-t,>'6i»''ki^Kff ocpStes to 

-: . <fonfider,.thc/iicj*-iPriritip1«-^Whi{^ Mh Wi^rtoa 

•^ -rfays dowi-'asLrrpogmfltPfio'^i^e'Bl^liH^of.^iiTtjture 

• 'fii4«d;^%hich Jai' '?f (Dha4?ttaPOeiteAU«f bftHe'Phi- 

;-*•■%:! • «^ lofophcrs 

Digitized by 


2^ 72^ WoKKBoftif Lea^^he^. Art. i$» 

\ lofophers held the Soql ta be a diieeipc^ Part of 
** a Whole, and this Whole was God) into whoin 
^ again it was to be relolved." Mr. fFariurum is 
^)prebertfive the Reader will fufpeft (heie. Hind qf 
Fbrafes are highly 6gMrative Expfeffions^ and no^ 
IP be. nieaAired by the ievere Standard of roetaphyr 
^al Propriety ^ and therefore he defires us to tajke 
notice of another Confequence from this Principle ^ 
vhich is, that the Soul was eternai, d fi^rfe anti^ 
as well ds a parte poft \ and this« .as he f^iys, was 
uaiTerfaily hdd by Antiquity. To prove i(s being 
fi>« Mr. Warburton Ym bro^ftbc but one Authority ^ 
which, our Author does not feem to rejyUb, as liking^ 
better of Numbers. Tius Teftimony is emoted 
from Cudwaribf and. is fuch a one a^ Mr. Wariur^ 
ion %s is above Exception. . But here likewifc>he, 
h to unfortimate as to dif&r from our Author, whgi 
has this Exception againftjci will x^t fup* 
port whiuc .Mr..i^>ftor/;6ii :Wo^ld biuld upon ic. 
^t'dj-ftYkfiirincked H.^ms to be^s wefll adapted 
as Qn6 could dtefire for t^ P^rpofe % tn^t when our 
Author hasv bad if in hand^ modelled it.afler hia 
Fleafinre^^ ^mA coairontc^d, it^ with otihci^ Pa0ages 
fe>tn l^,Aocieni:s, which, fpeakdiffereiitly^' it ,n)u(t 
he ilaidii' 006' cannot fo well, tell liifhat to.n^ke of it* 
However^, we.,can hardly agree. wiijh'hiiw,; That 
there isiiotthereiaoiie Word^hicheithc^^ 
or with aoy. itoleraWe Fr^pffiety ifnpli^, any fuch 
Podrtne as^ Mc; ^^^r/^^j would ^educ^^trom it* 
&jt.aiscAiitbor i^snpt c^nttsgt.^vijh merely d^i)!^^ 
tkis Antagoftilt of the .B^iv^t^c^f i^sQ<,fcpiUt;lon^^ iBe 
will go ferther^; ,and prow^ ^nt^jt jbc Pijiiiofophers 
pouid eotjiold .wbM heta$tril)uG?; tq<tbef^^^ni:ara» 
ing theSwil'sMng a Pw^ p/^ Q9^^:.4?|p^P^^ \^^ 
Jhim. Aflditb}i>\4ii:doe9f ;pafrdy,ifnip^y^ U^ar- 

Tenet %xe^ikjmo^^^KT iif*hhf4li?m^-^^^ ^^ 


Digitized by 


Aft. 58. i^ OCTOBER, 174a 493 

MoJhs fir s Pmafimna^ wr fim dvmn^ 4U imp m 
State ofTrUL 

By fhe Aothcn^ies which he produces relating to 
this Matter it appears plaiAly^ he. %s^ That cho 
Philofophcrs denied ihe Soul to be^ iti aliteral Senfr^ 
a Part of God, or, as Tucb, eternal i furte at$ii ^ 
bdt held it was created ia Tiaie, and a perfb&ly* 
diftind Subftance from hhtK k is very troe,* he 
adds, that fome few Eitpnsfiions now and then tm 
be found in the Writings of the Philoiqphen, X 
taken in a ftrid {iteral Senfe) might 'in fooie laea^ 
fore anfWer Mn PFarBufto9f% P^irpofe ^ but wbef» 
die literal Sfcnfe is j^itainly abiurd^ and die contmy 
maiHtabied by a Multitude %i clear Ei^prefiions^ we 
ef ceeir fe vnderftand it figuratively. From the whole 
of what he has offered upon tini l*iead lie mi»AA 
have in conclude, «* That, notwidiflanding f(»no 
<< liighly figuradve ExpreffiMstnade ufe of by thd 
«^ Pbilofophefls, they might very Gonfiftenriybelievq 
f< a ioxxktt State of Rewards and Pumlbmcnts^ 
^^ and, cohfidering their fre^iem and open Profef^ 
^ ficfhs of then* Belief, and their Endeavours toin^ 
^ firafb others in it, as they were capable, or Ivid 
<^ Ears.M h^r, we flWy be moraUy aAiPed thac 
^^ they 'were no f mpc^ors or Hypocrites^ but thac 
.♦* they afttialiy land ftocerely did ^believ* iu 

Buty Ixfidfcs the exprefs T^ftiniony of the Phik^ 
fbpHers coneemib^ a fMue Sta^e^of Rev^n^-and 
Punilhttierits, our Anchor feys,- They have deli* 
^dd tnarty^ thibgs about a general Oiofiagratioii 
and Ret^orvatkin ^ the WoflcL^ ^h^e fixoelienfty ol 
the Stni}, the NecefBry ^ tbe^ Care of id, and of iit 
beb^ imniaterial, of keeping d^ Thoughts pure, 
of pleafiog Cod, ^ o6r being ftri^y vtvtuous aid 
upright,' thb^unobferv^d, l^t. all which havefocne 
Tchdcp^y t^the Belief of theTamd Doiftrinc, and 
are bFfiicKa Tfatuit, is'ttert they cannot poftWy he 
thob^httobt adVaticca or propagaOBd onIy.*ith a 


Digitized by 


d94 7^ Works ^//i&f Learn £D# ArtjS. 

VicfWto temporarintercft ; and if wcqpnficjer ^ 
SinhpiKrif^^ Sincerity, and Iblemn Awfulnefs wkl| 
Which they frcquendy fpcak of this ,Subjeft, m^ 
tintiot calily fuppbfe that only worldly Policy wa$, 
all along at the bottom of their Hearts : He oxen- 
irons onelnftance only of this, from Cicero^ 

Btit now; having Ihewn, that there is not the 
I^ft'lriconMcncy between ahy Doftrjncs held by 
Ac Phitolcfphers and their Belief of fUtur? Rev^rd3 
and I^urlHhrticnts j our Author proceeds^ in ^he ft> 
eond <!Jfia^er,'; to l^y before the Reader fuch Ai»- 
.ihorfties las he* has inet'with, which, in their owu 
Wt>rds'pfalhly eXpfefs their Belief, of fuch a Staip 
ihercaftertj and thefe he Apprehends tq Jbe .(o clpar 
attdRilL as ta render it wholly necdlefs to interipcrfc 
any*0ttcrvatl6fts of his own, or. to point out thi 
Conclufipps that may be fo ealily drawn from thfm. 
' . Marijr* 'bf there, AuAorities arc 'fr9m Pjatp^ fqf 
bthenri bor 'Auihof Is' iridcbt:ed to Hyde's Religia nm^ 
term PirJhrurH\ and for the reft to UmblUifUSy 
StrctWy' Jbpphus^ Koemfer^ Cicero^ SeHCfOL yfpur 
Itius' TfXacrobiUs^ ' Plutarch\ , divers Gr^^i ixmtati^ 

Pbeti( 6?^.- »^ ' , ' ' ' ^;; ■/ /'. . 

^'Aftd'ilf the lively Defcnpu^^^ of apothcr Lift 
irhith"a!priekr'in the Qiiotations tftat;fiU ub the ie-t 
cJ^ind'Cha^ter; and the'epen ProfcflSpnspf^dieJ^bif 
• ibfdphtcTSf :as to their pel ief of future Rewards ajti^ 
]WmAfrirfAt5*, Sfthire'can the leaft l)oqbt remaii in 
tht^ Ri^dcr'S tlfe^ft ;or the/tri^h and .Sjiia;r;^^y, rf 
fcch'Pt'6«!iftbris;'|t miffti; 9ur\Author tclJsiu§,3^^ ^ 
fitni' ihcinl^ueh^^^ of^a few r^. 

dom '^iprieffiorisi n6w anc( (;her^.thrQwni^oi^„ ty.^f 
prtckte the f^ilof6p(icrv tiy cer^^^ 
thhikihi^' tll'emfelves obliged io'tay tomething^^t ^ 
the ^ccimtttorf' Road; Very frequcrifly.c|iIcoy,ef^^tl^i5 
lgttorim:e ar/d W^ht>^^ the/vjwy ^^gypi 

tb xlifblay their tcirmrigr ';/ , ,; "/ .1. I^^r/ 

Digitized by 


Art. I?. ForOCTOBEK, 1740. 2^5 

Who thefe indeterminate People are! c^iWX.pre^ 
tend to afcertain, our Author's Defcrrptioiafin this 
Pface being very indefinite and unfatistaftory.^ Bii| 
wftoever they may be, that fuch Pretcnjd^s tq 
KiH)wlcdgc, ftich empty Mimicks pF real Worti?, 
ais he ftyks them, may no jongef impofcuppn jPcfT 
fons of good Underftanding^ whofe Education or 
Bufinefs in Life may not afford thepi Mcam of 
Tinic to make . particular Inquiries iJiemicJ^e^ .bq 
proceeds in the third Chapter to lay before qs tbf 
Opiniohs of fomc very eminent Men among, the 
Modems, to prove, that the Jnciants^ pariicularijf 
the PbilofopherSy did helieve the Hp^rinajff^fmstfrf 
Urwards and Punijbments. His Authpritiesu tQ tfaif 
Piirpofe arc cxtrafted ivotn GrotiuSy J^eihomim^ 
I-ord Herhert , StilHn^eet , fiTtlkm ^ , ,,S^rtf% 
. fHarke^ Leng^ znd SJberloci.' . . \ , . . * 

From the Teftimonies orthefe GrcatMpn .it » 
(fevidcnt; oor Author lavs^ that Man3Mi^,,ironv,djfi 
0iiftafie^ of their own Minds, and frpm thp.'5tr?Rgtj[^ 
of natural Reafon, without any particdai" KeycJ^r 
tion, rtiight eafily have a Notion of lutiy:?|?^war^ 
fend Punifhm'ents; and by the many exprcik AwlMir 
rities of the Ancients therpiieives, cit^dJa |:Ke,(i3fqpnd 
.Chapter.' it manifeftly app^'rs, th^t j*n fa(6tith« 
hadftctt a Notion. He would jiav^.u^: remark 
likewife, that their Defcriptions of thefe thipgji hwfj 
tea^celythe fcaft Tinfturc of Groflhpfs, ^l^iiv^ 
br ma'terfal Mixture, but are. of ^ w^ft.puj;^, swi 
ftirifuai' Nature: Nof but. that now a^^dicfi.tfaj^ 
rhilofejpheri' fet tbefc things forth w j^^ figurative^ 
pbeliilali br metaphorical Way ^ in tbeir. eiftanai 
£>p6lrinfc fiiJted to the A^prchcnfions.W' thc Vul^ty 
But^ky'Kb has riurpofel* omitted aft Repriefentatjon^ 
iff thfe'ilnd, Jo hd would have u^tQ remember,, tha^ 
i^j^f 'own Scriptures greatly, aboufl^ with Pigurc^i 
Dtfeams; Viflons, It'ypes^VMctap^fs^.JUJ^rics, 
Myfterics, (^c. and that with relation to this very 
' ' Subjcd 

Digitized by 


z^ ?i^ Works g^i^ Learned.. Art. i%. 

Subjcfk they are plsntoctifly fiorcd wicbieeiniAgly 
corpoK'e^Li t^anMj, and. wctf^ly IMbripcims i.tRf 
which he. gmrl divers IhftaiKcs.; taistoginMlXLiit 
the &tius tifQc^ ^* that as me itpprovtf And; defend 
*^ chfife, jodgifig them very* exprcffive,t^ our weak 
^^ O^Mcides, oi icioh thingg as (hail faappea hctmf- 
*f ter I, it as csoxeding Jnard and unjilft, that ftme 
^ tittle indolg^ncfl of this kind firould not be al- 
^^ lowed tQ others ^ . or that ori the baife M^tipn 
^ of them weihould^' iis is fnequent, immoiifttdjr 
^ ridictiie anduitedy cejed all their, Scoriod and 
*^ Deicriptions^ ivhichin the literal SenfeLjearry- with 
^ them the leaft ilbfurdityi the' in^ ia^t 4htfir ft- 
>^ gures, Aiiegories, ^.)ate altogether^ 0atm»I 
^5 and picoper as our own^ joay ottendmes*. }uft. tbe 
^ fania'^ But that this Objeftioin Ethatiis, J filp- 
pofe, of the Fhilofophecs exprc ffiog ihe^fehres in a 
corporeal .or figurative Way conGCmiitg a future 
State] unteaibnable as it is. ii^ our Mouths, npay hai^e 
no Weight to leflea our Opinkvi of ttv^cebi Aelief 
of tbe.Phiilofophers, he in t^e la&iCh^tet endoa- 
v^oars to ffacw, tint tbey^^ither hdkd'&ch corporeni 
KewacdstaodbPuoiihnictots abfijrd andridicalo^ or 
did nor i9^i0VH& them iir x liscacal Setik. < And tins 
be) does Jby Quotations from. Ciir^ri?^. Horfi^^ Qmi^ 
JLuetitffaj. PJut'atvby Piotinus^ and ArchbiftiOp 
.fEUlctfanl; . , . . .. - 

I have dooe. Sic, wi£h: diis Yolunia, ia far as k 
relates toiMr* tTarAuf^dM^ wbtan I have^faid^. that 
bow well fi)eMerJ niiay think of it, 0«d'4loiMe\^r 
dcfirous I ns»y b© of an AcQount being.giftrenjof/jit 
to the Boblick^ I atn^'vety^far frod^ rankiagi ki for 
Excdlency or Merit,- vii^ Siie Dmtnf Jj^^tipm^ 
Mofis \ A Work in which .we .fethexvidew^gBa- 
tures of an oftginaidnti ftitlojio^ .^Retiiu$,.D9 n^ere 
Cbllcaon> nd Copyift^ b^H ftrikiOgiOirfr g^apd.^d 
beameof^Pla^, * and raifing,tiKrei>nta:Siru^are <|f (he ^ 
moft elegant Form, and the fineft Materials. 


Digitized by 


Art. i«. For OCTOBE R, 1740. 297 

Will it be faid, The Foundation is not firm ; 
there k a Flaw in that; wkich renders the Fabric 
«refted thereon infcciMrc? Grant this to i)c the' Cafe, 
-and that it will not altogether %an(wer the noble 
Idea Or Defign of d^e Architedt 5 yet even with that 
Flaw, with that DeficieDCf, itvaftly iurpafles and 
gives mbre Delight than the lefs excepdonable Per- 
tornvaneefi of meaner Hands/ Is there nothing in 
thofe to blame? Neither perhaps is there any thing 
CO commend. But liere there is much to admire, 
much m applaud ; fuppofiog it to be tsoe, that 
there is fotnewhat alfo to cenfure. ' What Subjed 
lias ffom&ry Michael Angeia^ the Diving Rapbaet^ 
^tid Miti^n:, aSbcded for Critictfm ! and yet who 
would not be a Hmter, s MUbaei At^i^ z Ra- 
-pbaeh or4ikci the Prince of EngUJi Poets? Arc 
^ot their Writings th^PIeaibre as well as the Ad- 
miration of' Mankind, Thus will The Divine 
LfiGATiaMT, notwithftanding any Oh^eftion to ky 
always have Charms for thofe who have a Relffli <rf" 
polite Literatore •, and be of more WortkAan per- 
haps ^U the Aniitiadi^riioi^oA it^ even thoogbthey 
fliould ' be' ^eH grounded, fiut both the Boob and 
ks Audior are abov« my . Commendadom< ; nor 
fiiould. I have faid what I have of tither, but <&^ ob- 
viate the leaft Sufpicion of my approving ^be Man- 
ner in which that Gentleman is treated in the Work 
befei^e me : A Circumftance which, I rannot but own, 
is -fo -far from" rcflefting. ihe Jeaft 'Honour jupon it, 
4>r the WKwr, that, in the Efteem of the hioft can- 
did Jiidgi^,. it ifii rather a Di%r&ce to bodi: 
' Ah^mtAddrefs fo^Free-^ihikhts^ Ivhich fol- 
loiri rbe Twacife I have = been ifpcakrng of, it docs 
not colitaln^any Argumenb^ for the Trutii of any 
pattidtrtar SyftctA ^tA^^tideiof -Faith, b«t is only 
an earn^ft 'Pferfuaflv« to thrfm; feriobfly to cbnfidcr 
thc-EvIdeiMieisf tor iitvti^fon/ ^ the Dodrincs of the 

Digitized by 


,2o8 the Works '5/Vi^LEARNEo. Art. r8. 

SpQRs Immortiilir^; of'a^ fuftir^' ^tate of Rtwards 
aj^ Pi|SM0un«iia^ i|od>o£.tfae:B6!ngatifl acttribates' 

KpiS^fi ^<^mAiO^\ mi 0f.derm^ tht mo-'- 

^aniifr^ frtvinf^f^ fatal X-lMfequehces whkB • 
i«t^^f*«# if/^mif />i*- fr prop^fedy a Methd \ 
n^hf^Cu^rin^ >AJ^ Staiill-Pox ^y R^lution, dr 
''r^ii^£o^tl^ Infdmmation^ is'recmmend-' 
^fdy J^og^fb^r witb an Inquiry it^o the. Rife 
land Pr^rejs of^tbe jyij^qfe. .Te isbicbu 
^AJ^f^v-d^ ^fcomt oftht^ principal Varia^ 
.tiom^f^ti)e WlEAXtfSR) anitbecwdomitant 
^gpidemidX^Jesi as- they appeared i^/ Rip- 
fOUf^'^ndtb^inrcumjacent Part} of York- .. 
fliirc, from tbe Tear 1726 W the Mnd^f 

IlJIithftiPwfact o*;ithkf.E(Jky theAutKdr cndei* 
tvaur^to.rtttimeithe^Qr€dk of onH^fhanical ilba- 
fonin|^Jja9 Mcdicino^ whkti ke thinkf ibmfe of the 
FaQiiUy i^Q inucb nfegledr' and defjpii^^ ahd urges 
the; M^(4i<^^i>f Mqi^ng *VMe the T^ature and 

« r,^S-^ tT.o\i /^; ,u V* ■^- -r • (JnticRvouri 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Art. 19. JfV OCTOBER, 1740, Agf 

endqivoQis tfi. obvjtte .die ObfcdkMit wlrieh - the 
dppefers ofuaJIj make | and condudes, tkat ak 
die Dilcovcriei and Improvemema in t he A rt of 
Hf ilin^ \mn bfiii utIt ty attending tolEiilMre- 
diod ; £> all fimite Acquifioon; oCthis kind are ttf 
be made m }tk &me Way. To the EflSy is pre* 
fixed^ .^ ffi^mc0i Jc£§M9f ^f tbi Jfiife Mi fifOr 
fnfi ^ rl» SmaOPax. The Author fuppolc^ them 
uidtelyr QttkiMiirn to At indent Crgwk and kmfln 
Pby^oanii fevoaiof whom he mentions, witita 
iiicciii&.A<3CWBC of their Livtt and Writhes : 
an^ from tfaeie he fliew^ d»e cbty faave.mendM^ 
no pificaie ^euhcr like the Sm^il-Pw or Mm^ i 
and concludes from cbenc^ that they were \akMmtk 
to the Anciemi, and till about A. D. 6za *^ .For, 
fays he, ^ ir can hardly be iuppoi^ that the 
^ Grtek Pftylicians, who have fo exa£lly dflcribed 
<^ ib many Dtleafes, both acute and d^ooical^ 
«^ widi att dieir mioiMe Symptoms^ fiay,\ htm 
«< whicb raibrr jdeferve the Names (tf Iticomrenien^ 
«< ces or Uiicafiiieib» dbaoDifeafes^ fliould^ fi- 
<< lentiy pa^ over two fucb Diftemp^rs aa dM^ 
'< are, without defcribmg them aod ihAir"peqdiaf 
*« Svmptomsj'* 6f^. . . x ^^ 

He rappoies them to have bcei^ ifklig^f^ps *to 
Ara$i0j and thmks it mod probable cp itsfputbcth 
Pirts % •* where, fays 'he, the Inhabitant^ might 
«' bave had theie Diftempers a coililderaole ^itie 
^^ among themlelves, hrfore they were ciomiminl* 
^< cated to any odier Nadon-, as they were fituated 
** iQ'a remote P^m^mh^ feperattd ^m'the reft \ 
'' of the World by impaffible Andy Ddaits^ and 
^* had vary IktlcCottOMiueaCioit imh any kedy.^ 
He llkewiie obierv«a» ttet ite .itfmiiJM Pbyficitos 
were the firft wbq t^ok ootioeflC cbtfe Diftemptn % 
and dut th^ aAir,MM brortgbt'ihqpi ikfdg witii 
them into B^ypt ^boiit j#. O. 640, firom whence, 
X by 

Digitized by 


300 7be Works of the Learned. Art*. 19. 

^y the means of this rcftlcfs People, they were 
OKTimunicaced to the reft of the World, 

In the Courfe of this Account our Author takes 
nocke of th.e differenti Methods of Curing the Smajl- 
Pox, mde ufe of in different Ages^ and points out 
tlie chief Patrons of the fevcral prevailing Hypotbe- 
fes. An Account of Inoculation clofes thi& Hift9- 
ry ; in which, after tneotionit^ its Rife, and the 
Keception it has met with in different Places^ l^ves 
its Fate to be decided amongft u$, fay . explicit 
vAnfwcr^ to thefe two Qiieries : . 

, 1. 1 Whether the Danger is lefs, to have l^ 

SmaiUPo»by InpcuJation, than to have thenft^in 

the comnv)n Courfe by a natural ^nft6^ion ? jOr, 

|L Y^hetlier to have the. Small -Pox procured.^by 

Iftpcul^UOn*: ia as fu^cicnt a Security s^aintf a^fc- 

I .eon4 Iflf^fiQiiy :^s \th Xf> have them lA th^ na^al 

^ , , ,rjfh? Trcatife ,itfelf next foUows^^ which' will 

^^.liiRe ^^ a^y Aj^idgment v. fo fih^t Jf caft do 

(,. jjttk, ipone ^jthan n>cnt|0B. the Contents In general, 

; vi^i i\y^ Order in w^aich, the Subjedi, is diippfcd. 

I] TM W^ of this Part \$i *« A Pradical, j£ila)r on 

.;o ^?,:t|ieT^all-P6;t j|,,:Whcrein the C^ufe^i N^re, 

r ..;i^^ ,9^ J[?i^fuifin of t|iis Difeaft.arc .ewlainci^ its 

.:.:»5V'Syn}pWn>s,att^mpied tqbe accobnted for^^ and 

<\rA\;^M^^^Mr.pT^W'^- jtfic 3ody b9iSM:c5»,.and 

■J. ^^^.4^ri^^g!thc^«;«ri(^^ to 

u 5f*;>thgVje9^9£eP^Mrpor% the.At^^on 

> 1 i**,off.ifl* Pifc?f?^l)H| iQr4?r to, prer^^t^ fatal 

: ,: V ,9?.«<?i9«i?ccs|;,^%h JW 'is pro- 

;. ^ ,iniQvap. J;;agrefa^ Wrthe.y^ 
.^ ^:5^l3yfi«W9& iwr jA?^ pfi^cs ij( -t6,fca,fui epidc- 

4>y thefe Terms, and how luch 1)1^^1^ are com- 
municated by the Jir as a Medium^ ~ l^e takes 
i, i 1 ^^ > ?: / noucc 

Digitized by 


Art. ig. For OCTOBE R, 1740. 301 
notice of the Difference among Writers concernii^ 
the various JCinds of Small- Pox j but thinks it fuN^ 
ficient to " treat of it as one Difeafe, divided 
^^ into the diflinSly contiguous^ confluent^ and bletd^ 
«* ing Small- PeXy attended with purple Sp^is^ and 
^* Hatnorrbares t all which, he* fays, are fometinKS 
^ intcrmixecfwith the cryjlallinc^ fili^uofe^ and wr- 
^* rmofk^ when of a malignant Sort. 
* In Oiap. n. II L IV. he enumerates the Symp- 
toms peculiar to each Sort : and in Ohap, V . tlic 
irregular andjatd Symptoms 'wbicb attend this I>ip 
iafi'j and (hews the different Degrees of Danger 
which they portend, through all the Stages. 
'-'Chap. VI. treats of the proximite C^u/i of the 
Sma/t'Poxj Method of Prevtmion, and the' Treat- 
mem proper in the firSf Stage/ He firft emfeivourg 
to demprtftrate, what Alteration the* Bloiod muft 
undergo before the Puftules will appear ; 'a6d how 
thci;afhlous' Infe^ian^ or Miafma v^iolofim^ as 
Ije calk it, is capable of pfodueinfg this 'Change. 
The ftreft Method of Prevention, fife'ftys, is to 
avoid iftfeded Places: But when this cannbtbe done, 
he recommends fbme Dofcs of purging rtiyfick to 
Be taken every third or fourth Day, for ^hree or 
fear times ; and after that, ence a Wfcefc, from 
the Time that the Difeafc apjpeafs' itt 'the Neigh- 
bourhood tilF the Danger of Inteftion is over ^ mcn- 
^ttonirig likewifc the Regimen Avhich they ought to 
dbf(?rve.' He explains the 'Beneftr^i accrbkjg' from 
this' Method in.feveral Refpcfts;' ana'kdds, Tlut 
'*^ it-'is the tKiifi if not the Rile Advarieag^, which 
** Inoculation has above the common Way (A In- 
" fttftion. That thi B6dv by this, -or Tome fuch 
*< I^e'Mcftho'd, may be );>repared for the Attack.'* 
The Ihdteations he diraws from his Account ttf this 
Difcafeare, ' ; 

X2 f»i.To 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

302 ^n>eVroKif.s of tbepEJiKnBi>. 4rt. ij.. 

^isyi and^^eorrei^ 

; M^ttcm f|fdar>vtl^' 

':f '':>yjn':Q ni r.noij 
wiiofodie (Fluids; 

ib! Ihcofinrft^ctfhaff 
liog ix ^panacolaf 

rpeGi§«d:}/^ hei- 

I. on ;tHB ftcOAJtf i 

Stctchd6nt4>f the 

the M&ter'of die' 
d ^Sizifiefe of the I 
i?d5 opening the ■ 
^Jitter i ;^d eh- 

latioofeciife nec^ 
>be gnmi^ ^tftd 

''.:; ^[i>.o :.• c/ 


faodaFevbrr 'd<. 
Ho aspge^ that 

Digitized t^ 


Art 19I, ,% p CT.OB E R^ .i74b.t ^05 

when kit to them&lVi 
p;rers9 and Odrielirfioif 
klwoulAl irac^toe^i vMtk 

tions in general are cu 
^n ItD :arbc6mmfend>^ 
u»th Jome .B^^P^i? '< 

that he bor/owed the fi 
ojBegdcsc^fevml Altt 
Edition^ . ifae Aucb^r 
*' of the priocipah V^i 
*f ithb. cDQiiomitaat '^ 
, *?; Year ,i^a€ to the 
*1 pcarad SLtJ^ipp^Hj .^1 
« XorkJhirtL'y With 
tbd Ady^nlca^s^^croil 

.T6 thiffiveiy cork^ife 
Treatifp now before us 
f0qic Per&n onknowfi 
particular. Abftra<9: of < 
Rife arrf Pt*ogpefe "©f 
Ek-i^fich of the H^ory 
tcfmintng to every inqi) 

Dr. /fiZ/^o^ic^terves; 
qviry, tliafi^^ahho* ihei 
^' l^oian 9od^8 hath^l 
"\idp-ed thci9 fiabjeiflt^lk 
" and Death at iafti yi 
*^ . pfcra ;acK n^c'if fegual 
^' Ages and Cgmatda € 
^* iof producing' Difeafe: 

** ftiogmflimg others; V ' 

••' World. Mlrifomudhvi | 

" ^4re i^^wn oi Ihe i^ 1 

** .nQPihcartl«ff;eand'id 
*^ vtrfel, which were unknown to the Ancients. 

Digitized by 


J04 The Works ^/^^Leaknejo. Art. igu 

; ^- Of ,^his^ fort are the Small- Pqx ^od Mmflcsy of 

which "we have not any Acc<?unt. cUii afaonc the 

'Year of Chrift 640 ; tho* they .a^e b^w b«xwie •^ 

libiv^rral jt)\fe;ircs us any' wc kpov^'irf^i ' Sohie ace 

indiried^to thiak^ th^C Uiey vyerp koftwa te:riieaii- 

fjient Greci PhyfidAns before that Time $ : bat. our 

Author thinks no one who h^saay /tpterahlir. Ao- 

'4th. th<:ij; Ayptings o^n fuppofc, '^that 

Ve fo,cic:a£tly..d^/cribe4 fo mdrty Ed& 

^/^ 2iX\^ cJoronfc^h with aU th^ mk^iie 

'nay foctie which rv^cher deferVe: ite 

pconyenicnces or Upeialincffo , than 

)uM fo (iiciitly,,pafc over twd luch TOt 

ftempe^"s is ;thiefe we are fpeaking jg^ 

•ibin^ tbem/and their p^eu]ia;r Symp- 

lifionixig th^n) at leaft, marc ftilly thto 

^aa3)c?" ^^f^i^>i/t4«Tct, <p/.^jKriv^\y and 

Y .) . J ^^ wwld h^ve.tbofc who are of th& 

A)jpi!:|ion co'^fider, wi^th ,what Exadneis Hl[>p€Crat€$ 

};^fc^veH. t^^ Appearance, in every Difcafe 

tBaC^Ja^e'^.ijinder his Notice, ai^d hfcw carefully he 

^3^ff r^eq.^acb §ym^^ muff own, ibat 

^''^;^^hSi*^BH^^'^^* S^^^-y b£' a Neglcdt'not yet 
'c})^r^9 yjp<)9 him,' to^fupp^ofe. him ignonini of this' 
jt);j(tp^rpp^t;r;,^/ii^^ then jinown. in Gnea^ or if 

T^e. cJiJ^^n^,w jt, that he ncVf r defcribcd it in a more 
cliftii^aiMftibg^ Main^^ any of the Paflages a!- 

lepgeX^ c^n rcafonably be fop- 

pQf^a f?! i^i|i/y.. Th^^ may a$ joftly^bfe feid 

'reliahus^ Oribaft^Sy Mtius^ AieMndsr TraUianus^ 
Paul^^j^ni^a^^l^c^ ;^pft pf whom hiir^ applied 
\\\t(f ' Appi^Uatj^ons. (9 ^ forasi Species o^xuticuUr 'Erw- 
'/)V/(7«^.,o^.;y^^^^^ .bat. ney^rjntended them tb-fig- 
Jiffy puher^ .'^ 

;* 'As^ th^rejore none <^ isjij? .AQCJent or XsMtrGtteks^ 
ilon^, 'ot j%«^^^i^ ji 4ftM^^: .or JEurdpein Writers, 


Digitized by 


Art. 19. JFor O C T O B E R, 1740. 305 

havc^made tte leaft Mention of theft two iDilcafcs ; 
wc Tiw^jii&ly conclude they were unkjOpwrt,. bq^h 

and Weft Pkrti of y^a •, the North "^ins jc>f 'Jfy^- 

Aw, 4rid to Jg^/J^, and its rieighbouiiin^ C^i^ntr^ . 

in: J^ca^ '^ in » any of their i^rmcs, and even t} J| ^ jfpfr 

«*tW'Dcathof JV^*««ff4 . ^^^'' ■ ^^i ^ 

'Atorjfijon after the U^ftHi^ 

tod the^ burning its fitrva(\{^ Xji^i 

£km/^l :iiasi '(Jeneral of the Saraiii 

20th Ycai* of thej Hegird^ and 641 

jthcfc two'Difeafcs' firft appeared ; 

kiattix>t ^aracemy whenthe^ catiie 

fliat Expedition, frona wHefice they 
into all the neighbouring' Nations ; 

iphyficians knd Hiftorians arc rtie H 

give us any Account of theta^ The 

^r^tty ftrongly mcline tis^ tb be) 
.were firft hatched and bred in, ai 

jpdigQious to ^atia^ and moft' 
4nore fouthern Parts ^ viz. the Kin 
Tama»j Fartack^ and MafkaUy . 
nvight have had thcfe Piliemper , . , 

(ime among themfelves, before they were com^n^ 
nicated to any other Nation v a^ the^werd Crtiate^ 
ia a remote Peninfulay feparated alWofl; from^thi 
neft.;Of thd World by impaflable fandy p^fair fs )j 
aad were v^y little known,' or t5kdn;'riodbe'6f^ 
any Authors of othet Nations^ and^tl^ey had nonfe 
of theii: own at this ynife^ at;kaft whpfc rmduaions 
are cotncTto our Hand^ v ' ^ .^^ ' ''^\' ' ^ ^J 

jiind'Phdragiustc\hm^ih^k<^&Mr^^ ^WiclJ: 
and Vh^^va^ny \\v^&^'Jk9i(^^Ha Year 

of Chrifl:o626> and wrete ^thirty Bod^s/iri )Phynci 
in the Syriac liahguag^t' TKefc ai;e thVfir|t Books 
which mention the i5^/?^iP^r'-^rtd ih'mpfi^Ji? ha9^ 
^efcribfed 4be^ *»d\lFin*fe 

Digitized by 


3o6 T^WaRKS^^j^^LiARHED. Art i^. 

^>fyar^a&mit Kinds, ^ith fprrtft'^t^'^^^^ 
CwiRcefHiag the Mtthstxf' df Ct!iTei;yr\ih{iiT^^- 

9ix ,ha»v cpWoSted' fKdtrt'fiienf,' knd' Jwt fli^a^mi 
QtnUHemi;.' This thika Ae ^Matter H?tfi4«n''ffiin|ij 
the d3fki'}3lh(^':'ti8i>i«bab)fr;#W !i^^ ^ ^"^M 
nal .W^Jcs.of.tliis.J:6rt>*i ^e-rti?ghe£SiVi tn^ 
{alli^coMtnt »ethe"l^e'^-^r'tKis ISmih fimoig 

%jjili I add Jiis Jinmrttt- dP ap^W%. tli&d^-'i^^ 
we now poflibly can haVe;"""!^^ tfcrtiMliQWcycr 

a{^>9a(e4-«licn&i]psiniwft FtipWs txMh^ i^nfietip 

tfe:icher^^bnt6J theiwi"*, IttK TooA &feit ihis liiig^Ie,.! 
tb^gi Jcetfti .bsmmqaib ^c^bedt^% their; l)dttwion^^ 

All the Account we can have'bt'ifte?iyw/" 
Bw,eyi?n«m«ftcof«»H!fQ«»f«d#'tdff. "^ ^^^^'iTl 

T-jrij ted 

Digitized by 


Art.,19. Ftr^QQTOBEK^ 1746. 307 

bgd ^y^l^ttpim,, andtlie .Method of tiut; '^ As far 
hj^Metkoaoof^re^ % wa»more TnfcjBpiUr «ad 
fuA''(Mu'<)i^ Ij^fetbo^ uicf}'<by aay' of'tlir -iSii^ 

' ' Aobcfaq-^rJKef. oqihis jAAfirapetv^^^ioM ■Dr'.- 

W Ibbm ^ iX 97Sr . fic m the &%< who, ia 
l^ng^ pi the ^imtf J^i^ jobfcrrdT the \fi^v^ 
^'fl«a|i|Ji|/({«4rt,^W^l two ^! SyniptQiiM. Vk 
info ^rj^ '.^olc not^e- <if jite > ^umttyi or S«rdliiig; 
0r th; Thco»«> . aiKM^r ■ mortal Syii n wiMn 'i>f k. 
Hc,a(fvi^(l hkodki^imotn tKMIythan.'sny of his 
f^recjeceiStrs, .4Qd 4^. i»> aay* -cine .«f chc Dtftafe 
#ben..4 i'/ir/^'?/"^ wqwre»..«.,i . 
'Both be and , thc/^Tt^} Arnhuat Fhyfic&ms^ oF 
W^iom" we_1^^: ipj, Ki«wfJkd«»tn»te*>«f iJiit 

t#o. Kinds jof the Iwm I^repetv (dto' they a^ 
iri redlqj dJi^ent.') . ¥o| {Tncpsratiareriiliicy oA^^ 

ct^nionljr uied JiR thfiii jvnnrii C!Uiiiai|:)-^» ccdd ' 
^id t>|e4 ftnd tiy: Qody.-to 1^ iit^xvpc^ by 'Liot^' 
atiyes^^toiinfke thp J^^iftu^sofiHro.- > Oar'jft(ktl>6t'' 
li^ let, down. very -pwii^hudi|htl»e-MaBner?iiir'whk<lt*' 
they ^iHanage^ their Patients thiibU|^duC"tti$'WfaO]ii'= 

COU?fc.rf Ac.Difc^ftUr:,-; -r,.-' •-.■o-/ vl' -n _ 

* A%0^nrf>is<iy WQiapMWHh noneitfi ^\AriUfm 
F^^ij||s^\}]iMl)e2 lay.^9h<og iiita^tMt Pbod' 
tt^j^w^-.Vj'Whpfi «' w«»\firft?6roagl«c Into • 

the'Intervai' of fei^^^ rV^tfis«<('«^e 'mto^mirieh nd 
Am|a^in,aur, j^fi»rcj|?»iiiitQ' ihr iHS^ry of 
J» JPX^ m.!P«?X gwfeprv fiwm Hiftory, that 
as'the. ^<|^ewk(^XMn^;'KiV'^-;^^^^>*<^^ 

Gr*<:^[gppia,2^i^^,^%iftw,«A4loiij( the Cttaft 

Digitized by 

Google ^ 

^o8 73^? Works (fibe Leahned. Art i^ 

lh|iri;y Years Time) they planted the Small Pox 

antd Maajles wherever they came. 

\ ^ We are equally ignorant when this Difeafe was 

introduced into Eniland ^ this much however is 
.^certainft that it was very well known here in the 

^Jilth Century, and perhaps long before. For 

y^Q of our ancienteft Englijb V^ytxci^s^ at leaft 
.wlwfe Works arc preferyed, Gilbertus Jnglkus^ 

iv[\^jlp}>i$ pf Gad4ef^en^ both fpeak of the Difcafc 

^ (jommc^y V'^own, even by the old Wpnoen., 
./TKq ^rit is Jmppofed xo haye lived about 1270 or 

/^'28b^.anp cjie laijer atfout 1310 or .13,2a 
/'. Ab^ut^j?^? X^^^. H^3> Confiamint^k being taken 
Ibj- the'ST^fi:}^ imnv learpcd Greeks fled into Italj^ 
. b^iojgii^ ifo^e 9f tne MSS* of theic old Phyficians 
, aloi^.wub .diem i for uotill this time the Writings 
\ ,of't|ip.j^f^^i Phyficians ^cri noc brodght into the 
. ^ellw) parts gt Bwrop^^ in their oiwn Language ; 
, y^i P^^i: had'9»( tbsn\ b^foce, , being o»ly foch as 

tHe Arabians had trahflated out of. the Gr^ek iniD 

> .Ijji^lf ojya^^qf^gjic^ and the Europecmi thofe agam 
.^/^QXpJ^i^,, B^t oow ffceiving.thc Gr^ei Originals, 

V '^^^..>^^^'i^^ ^\?9J^. ftudying. the Language, com- 
, ,|Wi|ng*<^^ Tranflatibns, and 

.-..tni^ explaining and amencKng 

./.from the. original Greek. As this was highly, to 

i ;jhe.-4^'*^^^^^^ Learning in geqeral, fo it caufcd 

> #1 ij^'gb^y ^ mproye^pient , of the Science, of Mcdicina 
V. 'IP p^/^igular., *\ , • . ' . , ' ' 

' ' CfxPiiiS^^y ^^^^^* jpng. before introduced into Me* 

^ ijKcip^ by uic Ar^bhjis^ yet riiadC no great Prpgrcfi 

. ,41i zj^p^ q^ jmiddiAof the XVbh Century ; ; about 

which ame il; was.^ujdyatcd to yery gpod purpofe, 

. .ftpid..feytf al c^agioM? M(y(Jicine$' were by its means 

diC^Qwired, pf, fi^p^ripr y irtuc tOi any .then known. 
/ • ^ Ifot iopg' after/ .this/ the. Phyiki^^ns divided, into 
(WQ rarties^ the Qbimifis and GaUnifis v the firft 


Digitized by 


An. 19. i%r O C T O B E R, 1740. 309 

were for infallibly quring all Difeafes with their 
new-invented Medicines, without any other Affit 
tancc i wherefore many of them oppofed Bleeding 
almofl. in every Difeafe, and cfpeciaJly in any State 
or Circumftance of the Synall Pox. 

After this a warm Difpute arofe about the Ufe 

of a bot or eool^Resimen in the Small Pox. Oar 

Author fets down tne Grounds upon which Aofe 

who were for the hot Rsgimen founded their Prac* 

tice. He then tells uS;, that it was followed' by 

mod Phyficians, chiefly in our Country, tiH Dr* 

'Sydenham ^t lad brought the coolfHg Jiep?9ten itito 

^ fomc Fafhion. At firft indeed he carried thit 

rather into an Extreme '> but that he ouidkly; tippn 

further Experience, retxa(Jted and reformed. Tfeif 

- Method of Dr. Sydenham^ tho' at :fiift it pict 

; with a vigorous Oppofition, lia?. b^ti 'foflbwed 

' iince his Time by moft European Phyfitians; isA 

*. of late has been further imprbved by 'the three 

'great Ornaments of tht Ficqlty^ l)K fltcafrn^ 

Friend SLtid^Boirbave. "'•*.•• ••,.;. ■ t 

' Our Author clofes i)is Hiftory of the Sfj^afl fox 

with fomc Account of the JPracltce tjf'^fmutation. 

He fays, the Cufton^ of trahsferrihg ihe S^naU Pom 

fceftis not to be a mo(fcrnlrivent?6n:' ThSi Cbihefi 

have long had- a Method of cooveymg this IWfdifc, 

\>y dipping a littte Pledgit of Cotcdh' in the n)drio^ 

lous.Miftter taken frelhout'of the J?ufti£es, ind 

pucnng irup the *Noftrib. We* are ttdd, thtt a 

. j^radice fomethmg l^ke Inocujation htis beeii 'long 

^ ' ule^ \tiW*ateij Chiefly among (he- Vulgar, which 

\\ diejr call biiyirg t^e Sniail^^bW. B*' the- Way 

' whicl^'is jpradliied fiefe t^ras brought fiOm iti&ky^ 

. as'tfcey' affo bbrhJwea/tt^frdm ^e tinajjtans: It 

' has been inUfeambrig ^efe'TimtlmtTficfmbriaL 

Ah ^d Greek Wd;jrrahj^r6ujght*tWs' CMftbto along 

with her to Coffftanmmie^'^bwv rdd* YeaVs ago. 

Digitized by 


310 Wf Works of the Leaiin*^. Art i^* 

Whifre^^ afte/ (he had performed it on.a fevr of htir/^ 
CbtfhttY Pebple, its Sufxcfc appcareclioJ^iwh^qMiHi 
gainecftiei- \ ^^^t:Kt^vx^^^ 
confimi^ W. fcc in^ jgrcat Rcpui^.: jVpr^iiM^ 
a &ir«dnj returning ^'frb^^T^ ig i9W<^mW6^A 
ducedit'hifcfe,' Where u.wai mwh m tjqgMp ^tonlar^^ 
whrlie (' but its Cttdtt Teems to be at prefem funk at 
borne ; tho^ in lomc of our AmmriamQ^iAimst^ it4r 
now pradifed with confiderable Sticce& 

The Dodlor/ftys, jthal if:A>if\ffcr$HcaAbe given 
in the Affirmative to the two following Queries, 

Ml** j.'"-» 


Workia>dt-irc4ttM4iwdl7 itaS-^4«»w^i^inm Place. 
'"*''■ Wherefore, 












Digitized by 

Google ^ 

Art. 19. Fc^ O C T P B E R, J74Q. - 3 n , 

Wherefore, till the World be fullyfad^gcd .tbf|^y 
thePradiCfe ^f Inoculation is found i?y iuj^ciei)^ 
EjqxffieiAcP^-bfe'ikfr— • '■■ — ir-i... ... ...v. Li 

Method Ikplft^ll!^: 

vei:re>^lt W81 be jirud 

'•':^''-' '' -"'^'\ ■ ^ . ..„,:. ..... .; 

r-pM'E'It^ iS' pubMed-iPor'S/^^i'w .^^^ at' .! 

(beautJfuHy afrtd^cwrettly etihteil in twd . Volupncs, ■... 
FoIi6- iHBftMttd'w^th'prOpt;? Map '-^ ^-i-^-::. J 
the Work being now cotpplete, j4 
tbfSatii l^th'Oit Bfeglhnihgof tl t 

EflaWiftfittefic <)f' chrffli^fty;;":^ ^. 

moft of the controyerteti, Queftio 
upoo^ ^;iildft renfiarkibte PkHa^ i 

nexioD «f ^phane HMofv; ail at . ^ 

are'*Med; Notes, cxpliimrigdiffit -^ 

fying Mif • tranflations, ,and, reponc^lngj.ieeix^^gt 
Contfadidibns; ' B)i Tiiblj^Vckj^^ij^E^ J'.'..^ ., 

Comikff^oiy'i 5^1 1,^ 

Wl^jl* rife 1 3rti 

cafy fWirhkive U ,<,r« 

ScripOirifeS'fHih: ue ;\j 

full fiabfelHbri)^ •^:"..,.. 

digeftuaritHe^ Se [W , > 

orderiei^>eit^irt t>,.- ., 

tranfli)JibA¥l^ aiil U] ^ 

Aions, that any 11 

the material Exceptions wh^char^^^^d^i^^ef jl^ ^ 
recorded. \ fai?«-Per|bM j^^ : ;. '* 


Digrtized by 


3% SOe^ff^^KSrpJ/ieLM^ 

anclanfwfcr^cf: And in ttebjflercationS^, 
tend iajSi 'Ghapter, the moft "^remarkable '1 
are illuftratfcd, and the Prophanc and Sacred Hiftory 
all along conneded. The^ Wlk)le h adorned wim 
proper Maps and Sculptures, 'and all Matters re- 
ferred 4o in Beript^lL Cht|noIo^l» a^ ^%i^* 

BOOKS Ju/I puhlijhfd B^ jAcori Robiksok, at 
the Golden«Lioa in Lucigate-ftreet. 

t.Tbe Spirit t^f Jntidbrifi Di/playeJi iri the Hi- 
ftory pf jhe ^xrf/ry^ J\fyrfyrs^ who^^ere cruelly 
buriit, or prhcrwtfe puc to rfea^hj.for oupdfiog the 
Jiomjb ^digion; from the Reign of £fe«#y IV. 
1400, to the End of the Reign pi Queen Mary I. 
CoUeded frona the moft autbeuti^k AutboiB. Wheic- 
unto is annexed, A Ihorif Atcdurit of fonoc of the 
principal Errors ^ug^c apd prafUiU m (he. Cteiiih 
of Rome at this Day. . 

" U. ibeSyftempf theWoi^Uy detncnftraeed id an 
eafy and pcjiilftr Manne^, Beinp a pr(^)er Intro* 
duftioa to the mcA fublime Phik)fophy. By '^he 
illuftrious.Sir Isaac Newtok. Tranflated into 
M^fglifiit. .The Second Editkm, cc^feded and im- 
proved; / • • -'- - 

^ III. TBe Principles of Logttk and JRbetorick i\\\^ 
ftraaed byiE)Cilmptes drawn from tV rnbft ^a^^j^^vca 

, Authors, ancient and modern, in all'ttj?^ pi^itc 
Ljfliguages. Tranflated ifrom x\m Fr<f i|f 2» 0! 1^4 
learned and judicious Critidc, M..BotJriC^uai^T| 
li^hich are added, Pafatlel Icdftances iroift chfe moA 
cnainent MffgUJh Writers ia Verfe and jPrcfc i caicu- 
lated tor the Reader's improventoit in iiill the y&r 
rtous Kinds of Thoaghr and Ecpreffion. : . : \ > .^ 

■: ■ r :•'"';" . ^ ■: — : : *: :.V ^^^ " ' 

Digitized by 


f - ! ^^ I'.jri 'r-*,-^ 

I S T O R Y 

.OF T-B« 

JR7r Nay Ell! BrR^ 1740. 


Jf > Differtutkn M the Nmk ^f <5hrtfc» to 

^etonkis; Jbtmf^ it was hthit Writer 

'' meant if tnir Sawdurt^/; j^ai the 

Ofiniom of Bififp Uflnsi V«odaj^^ and 

^dk^s h9$pay^e Chitfto-Tamtt^^ CU^us0 
lUm&x^Ht. Saeton. in ClaudiOj^ csyp. 25. 

|H AVE jccdivoi your ttfik jCifl^Quft^M^ 
enieitainiog Letter^ relating 10 liuit &« 
moitt PaiSu^ in Suttomus wbicbi Iwt 
occafioDBd v:foipe QoHKrovierfyaiafW^ 
learned Men, . and wa^ lacply tbfcStttgeft 
of our CoiH^&tion 1 and find yoaftilL fqfift in the 
Qpioion jfou then Aiaimatncd, tbat |e^ C^ k 
entirely out of the QoeiTibn here % .that jjie J^mums 
Hiftorian bad no manner ot' Regard to xiur Saviour 
in thi^ Place, and by cbe Kaoc of Chnfins meaac 
ibme particular Perfon. either a Ron^n or a Gr^fi(. 

Y whd 

Digitized by 


J14 .7&^,W0iRip?.^y/^ l^;iNJ|l?. ^ij^^T. 
who had fpirited up the Jews into a Rebellion, and 
ratfed foch Tumufts* aijd ^Dlfturbances at 7f«>»^, ^^as 
obliged the Emperor Claudius (who in the Begin- 
ning oiF his Reign had* beeti favourable to thatlNatjort) 
now by an inriperial E<li£t CO banifti them from that 
City. ' You fay , Sir, ytiu have the ^reat Bilhop 
UJktrj thd leatnfed aW lul^icious ^^w^tffe ahdf the 
late M. Le Clerc^ ori yoiir Side -, af^quales Virvs / 
Men of the greateft lt'eputatS6n in the Republick of 
Letters, and whofe Authority muft carry much 
Force along with it. 1 own it." But, Sir,^ I am npc 
'Wanting' for great AtitHoritiesonmy Side; and fiict 
Kkewife as may be thoughtof fome ^V^eigjit ; as tKc 
great Bifhop Pt^rfpn^ an4 the -crpAt^f^aS-cr^aTo*^ 
Pithaus dnd ' Gijbertus Cupirus. ^ 'But, after all, 
thefe are biit hum'ap^ ancj conftquei^tly fallible Au- 
thorities. Thefe great>r^^n ,wich their, immenfc 
Learning are but M?ri, and as fuch^ are^liablp/tp 
Erfori and Miftakes^j ,anjd you kpqw,:; Sir^ that 
Socrates^ PlaiOy slu^ [^rijiofle ^h^mfelv^ are to be 
negfefted and dlfregard'ed, when they are» found CO 
ftand in oppqfitipn to Tf uth ; Amicus Plm^ Jimicus 
m^gi 5 Arnica ^^n/^i,'^ In order then 
s Mattec between us, , I fhalt firft ict 
safops^ \w iaB the Fqro?^ and in the 
ca'i}", afiia'give a^diftindl;^ and (I. hope) 
Infwer to e^ch of theii). ' v^%^ ^hic^ 
V cf ConcTufion, fling iq twp on thr^ 
^ my ^ Q wn j^' i^ betence -of the ' Opinion 

; I havfe'eiid^vburcd to defen(l ' T^bur :R£afpns 'are 

.Plttt,^ ,y6a ttiinjc; tHe :fc^^ 'i^en^i^oped by 

in //^A' and Cr^ff^. ^ ^,^.. ,^, „—/,,-,; ^^^^^^ -''-.t^ * 

y^wi could, on the Account of Chrift and his^Rfe-* 
' :. \ ligion, 

Digitized by 


Ml Rqm } fincejiJ when $t. ^^i^/ wept thither, the 
^^wi.feemTed to ' know »vf ry Ugtie, gl . Cbriilknify^ 
as, appears Jrqm the xxyi.m)]i.<jf jL\i^4^s^y^&r.^,zi^ 
aa, .^nd St Pat^J hui^f^Jf!,, for >the^ .Sp^^e ot ,.twp 
Years,^ wa;i; fu{%ed to -preacA thC: Gpfpel witjjoat 
^^ny Hindrance or Moleftation,therq* ^ f ■ j 
I Your third t roof is^groijn^ai upon .the Qprniofi . 
you ha,ve of S^aetpniuSy wjip^'you i;Jiitik, coqki nqt 
pe guilty of.fuch^ Blunder '^nd Syrictirpnifrp, a^ tp 
mention Chrift as alive ynder ^% K^eign qf Qi^dimy 
unce he could Jiot but have ieen^, nay^ yoq think 
fie had before him when he wrote, the ^^ni^als of 
Tacitus^ who faith exprefly, that ^. ChYift ^as put 
to death in the Reign of Tiberius Cafar. 
. As to your fourth Re^lbh, tha.t ther^ were ipany 
-Romans ^t\A Creeks p^ the Napipe ptCiirefiuul ^^ 
io far from denying it, ^ that I can furi3ifli/yo}i with 
fcveral rnftahces of it^ which; you havq not do^^ 
yourfcif J and this I hope yoinl think to be jgencr 
rousandfair^ '. ,/ \\, ,, ^ / 

Thus Appian^ in hii MlikyiJatic 'W^ty 9*^394, . 
relates that one Socrates,^ furnafned Cbnpus^vf^^ 
lent with an Army digivcA J^icoinedes JCing 61, Bi- 
, ihynia* T'ully fpiaks of a certain Compilatioji ^a<Je 
by one Cbreftus, Eptfi. Family i5. Dionl .C^^Jfrn 
ineritions Plavianui and Chrejttjs^ whpmVhe iaitk 
Helio^ahalus i^MtlQ dth\i^ Excerpf. Xiphifij^i^ Vlb. 
3gr. p^II;^,. And,, to narfie no mor^, apppgihe 
ancfait Mbnuriiehts preferved by Hufehtusv^t^ xxx^ttt 
with a Letter written h^ Cqnjla ' ' ' ^K^^t. to 
cnfe Chrejiiis^\ Bifhop qt 'Syr del ; i^^clef. 

Bfjt. Lib; J qr.. Cap.. ^; J cou jy,\: Sir, 

ifi'anV InlHnccs hibre of this Nat ^Is kind 

* AuftoT Nomlhis Chriftus Tiberia impcpante ^ Procura- 
to^tAn Pwj^iim PBaturti Sitpplicib affe«us''efe. Tacit. Annal, 

Y 2 of 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

3iB •9**:W<JkicsV^//»liiki^N«B. Art. a1. 

iislttksiti vMhei t» m^>niny,Qpi»)i^ tb»D 
A$ainffi iL Bor, 6rtt,;fihc« Ciftre/?«J was' » Name 
4b<tosnmoti aittortg' th€:.H^thi$n,,j^;K] irhpf^.l^C]^-;^ 
4nolog7 insixNcr. Motrii:i» .^ .t?fm atid i]ap 
«m/b.<hiD chM ^ Xjknfius^ k Vtkf be naatraH^ 

(chetn ibto CrArr/JM»^\el^e<m)l}hfince| as.ajmni^ 

Mm hM obfiinred tnorii ^liiitSr they had bodi 't{^ 

'lkit«SMUicU md;Were:^n»noutiqedi9 iia&yeq\wi£ 

iMuiAerj. ^Eodam-fat iranf, ■& (t^hm mdo firamiit- 

^^knMr.roEtd whiCh.-!^ IftAve tOs adddw. Ati»- 

-k^bftfaei^^Afc Latigsug^, in .'which, tbi^ Qxange 

wkI OMf^ifiair of yoi|rQls,vputtrogon^'fpc the Qth«r, 

and'paedoAHrlyi^'ii'^or I» vhi<^;i« jchc yacj 

^Caft'''bfeforeius/j weB3.^«er)i cdttiAjntHy: la^f T^ 

■t^UMfifdi Inftt4)CB<,(of ^jgu/inf^ffi^ctira^ 

' w<ittt»i i^^«'Of,jand 'ibmenmBi JSfo^<Mf» This, 

'iQi^ ttwc^IduiKd MM/vis.ilie.C^fe'ofiC^/f'' and 

•'€^»?<^' «|ii^v"<hti*«19cejki 3ou)idi .ajt^t tobe 

'^^tJA&rHt^(hcd:'byir.dietr <aen(it'i LdA fitft .ioi^tymg 

tradous tixid eoodi «he4iiftt aadititiH.h.H^^t Sir, 

4llb^Ag''^et;TO:;be;u]^bbabI&.R(s»r0h&. foiT thie 

^^ifiJ)^^JDf fcoHfafidft'df ifidc t#0! WoKdsj wloph 

^ 'Hnndfv r-etoed^tf? fafefty'bt dieniecl,.theji'»he ^fe 

■ '6f %«? PaSfl^e' ttefoi*- tri'HiHll iiatutaHjc Hem tolbc 

this } That iom<S >Dift(irbaf»:ds '■'whiob had ..b«dn 

' Weai'b^-'m '^^tfiiat^ JJfJjtn*, occ«fibn«d% the 

''liibSWneS'ji*rd>Mete^i|> 6f Chrift^^wlfiife tha CAife 

blf'^thti'^^ia- <Jf -BairfflWtttht ^otiooncea vagaSnft 

'tHettf.W/CAiAaJj^io f^Nio# 4hsit- fttchS'Dif^iiKB-^nd 

* ttt^entibfife ^IvkHii^m CMfiiagi^^Ahdiiliie^noi 

wi^re common at that Time, and irtJflivthciSqbjeds 

:)L^aVe mei\floriftd';iiiJi^atidft «d.Ghrllh.iiaifidientIy 

ftppiilrf 'ffon* <$«» iWatJurtt'^fvSj^ ?/;i*^'-iaiid!nhc 


" Hrdfe thi^^^WeBi^^^Jrttfcd {hc'£oi»dijyfefo«»Chrift 
"' ; '^ with 

# Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

^yxndi,' i'n^ >tor«d ttikt, Jc&SrVeti thn Ghrift;» 
ia$dr.t{ttsV''l b&c' iw'DlDbbKioiy mKvattx.tfarSuU- 

f:W theD«l[{)ate&Whkhv|:h«i f»iti&.Apoft]«iiad in 

^'^i "^i&A ^(atift>^7 />u^ \ ar< thejoriitikriif 
^'Jf»3, "'and- thcintiC' W«^ v «tete arii mM, 

-^'ii^xitflr'Ptfili; :1A(I l)roibghii4tiiiir beTor&ih^ltdig- 
^'fSentifkt; iafing, ,Tlii»Fei)b«ir-.peffiiid«div&(l«l 
'•'"ib wbrfhi^^Ooi) cqnten^ (6 < itac Lam:' ibvl 
''^%Rcfn Fd«/ wM alioaotoibpew hirJifoaiiKn OaiHa 
'^ (aid tO'flfto^taw^' i^ iriKM-y Nfatoni)6feJWaa>g 

' <( hfttte#ir> dibve allien' fifMtf.ibii^^fi^. 

1' BM fttfiipiain,.<dia»:liutBakdmd^Ufra9i;i4ii^nQC 

^^Afiirxyi/ihe'CbtfC -of tboTt Syoi^aig^q ,4(]'cl,.beat 
^dbioa Ib^qUk ;|udgBfNeni^ a»d^^r«il(^ <»f«4^or 

iinfiBee.i(£ontatttcn8 betiiK()»-li[ei:»>,:i9|fK«,', which 
tn|>ro3»DHtididjfe.enipiJfOK,o*|d oyigjd. ^ii|9j O) .pub- 

s'iiQMltt3ind/Etefti«rt#n^);igftp\^sA<3?Q»lHi« Clirift 

ifigBirt t)iiiOAdMn«i/#t Mme.^ml^t m^A.^'^^'i 

i\ii^nb^thftr Jn^ tht :«B5«-IPt5ign)r ; i;hflb3^<pf;i,fcemed 
diiw . "* Y 3 ■ » 

Digitized by 


td kncW^ wry Jkth 6f the Ghrtfti^iR^Kgkwi, %. 
appeai^s from the 2'ift Veffe of* thr^fiftCaia^atnof 
tht A6ii J' andethit'St. jPtftt^/ himfeif,' wHib reuiaioedh 
there ft>t< thcSpttOe^rtwd Y«aris, dfeJin^t^tMcCiviilx; 
aiiy Diftu^banw^frcm'the'Hc^ftterisy' 6r ^the fi*tm'^\ 
bot W^ buffered td pi«acb^t«9ilhoui^ Mokfl^iiiw 
this it imyi I ithmk,' be ^fkiriy replied,: that- the.^ 
Number pi yt^ irtighi ¥h^t) be v^y Akll as Rm»P 
by I'edfdd^^ tke £did of B&nifhmetit'pQi^Qnia^ 
againft theta ih the }«Q;il!eigti . bynCto/zi/i^ri"^ AtiS^ 
that'thcrfe-fow, 'tha«>tbea were chert^ dbigfifc be uffon 
thdf Guafdj'aDd' Gij^efally avoid ^^H Glaihes'- and 
.Tu(tYult8i"fctt' 'felv ofl:dJawing 4 more l^aJvy; Geift^ 
fel'e'and^ a. fcvtrer Sentence apon tte5n»>i' a Cheeky 
a ^R^ftraiht • they h\i^ht ■ not ' be, nay ihey cenaiuly 
.w^ase nbr ui^ter iri theiotfeeffpircs oftl-ie Empire^) as 
appckrSt^bythbiAffiiriOl? Scfthimi 4 : have ' already 
mci^U^sAi^, '«hfe Upmafctltey ma4cagdin(tSt?. Paul; 
and^Y^ftid^crud-^PJoi and wkted C<iiifederacy thc^l^ 
Jiad im4e ^inft the Life of that ^poftlev i^(!fc xxiif; 
-iis^ifo thfe'tdtheir df .yoiir Argirments, that re^ 
ktes,;roi$i;,P^»/; 'fiaifftdy, Thai)'^ t*ie twa 
¥dar& tknt^he'Vertiiihe^ac /fiw;^^,. he^id jiDrmeet 
with i'any>^D}ft6pbarite &om i the - Hdathen • w titKc 
y^^viy ^c 5wai& foflfewa to ^preath the Gofpel wkfe 
csuti:ii^ti feri Motoftatiort^ ^ i^nfw^r,- that his Cafe 
'vs^S'pari^cijJ^r ; Ht^Vas theiv aftuilly ia jgf iibner %ai: 
toi^e, af Rf jfo^ei^ wi the Emperor, aipd by confej- 
qudMe^-^undei^ t?be . Prote^aion of that Pniric^ tivhqj 
twuld lim ibfife!r}^him to fee mokfted ^nd "pcefocoted' 
upon «he \Acccitot <^ Itis^ R€ligkm, elpedally<ii«?ing 
the firtl! five TYcfarsiD^h is. Reign-, when^ix:ffig 
under Ihe Ad vice and Dinefttonot hid Tutor Srwfrf^ 
He;(hd\;^^d hinlft)f &i$iiM, gfi^aoi^^riy^ 
Prince^'^ and i^as f i^ee ftbm ;-the FbllkSj ^ Gitiefeiesj' 

: * ' It .^a$v« 33 Di. ' .f/Sik*«iii/wdbrefi{ej,'u lie ditoertndaYeat jtt& 
.. ^ ' 'and 

Digitized by 


Art 21^, i^Vr NOV E MB ER^. 174^. 3^9 

and Ewmvagancia$ which, ifcerwards follied his. 
Virtiies,: tar(tiifccd' his for^irtcr Char^fiter, jtnd ren,. 
dwd hjai the Scourge of tffc World, and a Tcr- 
rtF vta Maftkrnd; Thefc ConBderauons ihcrpfpre,. 
the ^r of djfobjigtng the Emperor, aiad driving;, 
hisnhdfgimHQ0 upon them, nay the very . $ight pf j 
the* Scrldicr diat guarded and. attended St^ (^aui^ 
might be a Check and ReftraTinc upoa them^ and* ' 
Mi^r thism f>om infulripg hini, or giving him any, 
Bifturbance in |he Difchatige of M$ Miniftry. 
• Yourlaft Argunactit is inreMi(XiioSuetvnius,Y<;>M 
cannot thinks Sr, that fo judicious a Writer and ib 
exxft an Hiftorian could be guilty ot fo grofs a Sydt 
chronifm, not to fay, fo notorious a Blunder,. as, tdf 
mention Cbrift as ftiil ahVe in th^ Reign of Ciat^Ms ) 
fince he could tiot but hav4 fcenJri^i/flr^, . who ex- 
prefly iaich that Chrift was put to" death iioder TiAc- 
rius: JuctorNtminiSj faith that Author, Ghriftus^ 
^ quiy fiherh mperitMiCf per ProconfuitmyPantiim 
Pilamm SuppUjpio affe&m eif. Tacit. -. Ann0i. tik 1 5* 
This is what has Jong fince, but without, any Juf- 
dce^ been laid to the Charge of our Biogr4i|>hery by 
two very lcai;nod Men ^ the firft, Sagitiai^i injhU 
Differtaiion at J^na % the laft^ DithiYusf^- in hi» 
Academ. Tom. Ih p. 14. And.thi$^ I n^anjbe 
Saving the Credit of Suetonius yff^ what Lbpliq^C) 
Jed thofe great Men, UJher^ F^^nd^le^ and i>f jC/^i^* 
into .the Opinion which I at' pr^fent opppfe. .^Buc 
the Light 1 have fee the Matter in, at>d thfi.iSolMttoij. 
I have given w the Difficulty, will qqije :4k0r : tbf 
State ot the Queftion, and acquit. that Wr-itjer of 
any Blunder and Miftafoe ; inauiely. That the 
Words Cbre&a Impulfire, caji mean no more than 
itJiofe'TunKMCs, Cotitentions, and continual Pifputea 
triiidi.haPpcned betwepn the two cont^ndina fair- 
ties ; fycn as St. Paul himfelf had at Antiocby and 
fiicfaio^'^^wert brought before Gallh at. the xviiith 
pJHrptcjr'Of ^it^'M^:' 1 hftonfinft^l Di^tes, a$ 
* y f appear* 

Digitized by 


'r<i?f ff^/J?»~*<6«^ or 

««:e#ioi^-, fWWfei: that 
. . ,. „ -^'s was niade in order to 

^' -S^J&^^'^'W §rw Cruse, ia,tbttB, if 

^ "biilD likcwiie 

Digitized by 


' ^H«ulfhe ottJcred w be*ri)t 
/^'•^ yto. /fytht. -p 

j^^ei«4 ^c Courijryi' a 

proems,' killfe^ gre*t'Not 

|^«tb(WlPii(poer5. To 
. oeit Iv^ t^ i^ that thb^f^ 


Autbon 9f. iBii^maioM i}^.>,Xud,-kx.''\TWe. 

ft;: J^enttiBnd by 
|<:(^,:\l)«6a!e thr 


Digitized by 


3»i ne^W6iLM/SI^iJt'Akhi^ &h.i}i) 

Chief among ffie Jews^- wtrfefUn^-othef^- great :Mrri^ 
<rf the ferne*»Narionyhad fpiritcd up the -Pcopte CO. 
•»'ftifing and' RebeHion agaiiiffi* tBe -State; -ftiaixjhed* 
dircSlyi agaioft them, And gave the«i> BattJe^v -«* 
wlMch 2?(?r/fflj *anfd hh Cont'edera&sJ.'miftraWy pe^ 
rkfeed by the.^Ajrord.- Novy can ir bt fqppofc^, that:' 
a Wmer, whofo particularly rektes the^leyeraJ^In-; 
furreftioins of the Jews ^^alnfi the Stiite,' together;' 
with .the Hiftory and tragical Ends pf the Authprsr 
and Ringleaders of them," Ihould ;nQt* have fiiade* 
ihejeaft Mention <)fthUC/:?/f///x,'ff th^re was re-* 
ally, fuch a one^ w*i6 to befure muft Have been -a*. 
conQdcrable Alan, and- a 'PcVfon^^ of great Powe^v 
and ipredit,/tp caufe fuch anlnforreftion,* a;S to ftrike^ 
a-'terror into' A\e* Emperor, and oblige him, by aft 
Eciidy to expeli all the Jfws from th^ Cit^ 9? * 

Rome.s. ' '■ ; ' ' "" -v 

'*■ Thfe laft Atgument I. ftiall produce, ana wnich t* 
b^' liave to lay (otnt ^refsupon,. is the Teftimpriy 
'^t the Fat-hers, and thofe very ancient ones, as? 
j^affaht'fus^ feriullfany - and Jufiin Martyr^ who^ 
hving near the ' Time of iWro«/»/, could hoi^ 
bbt'pe^ft^<aiy.know the Mtarting of that^W^ften 
Nofw-thif^ admit ^he VfoY^iCbreJfur arid Cbrejfofes" 
in Ihe vri*y Siftfe-^Which I'atpreiferttti'efertd, ahduW-' 
det-ftand thcntof CHriflriind'his'holy Religion ;< alTid 
ifeey xverefo^Ar^ -frdm'beingafhknled of thofe NTftmcsj 
tfaaeHheyprided tbertfd^es in-rtitei j and^freMnf thttn- 
took an Oceafion todifphy thd Holirtcfe ^^ their 
M«fter, and 'the Pui^ity and Excellency of his Rdl- • 
gton/ The 'N^trAe'of Chrift, fsiifiti Laifaff}ks, de 
^ua^itate i^Benignitate ^rfipofitUm efi^ i5,c6m*v 
|)ofed of Words that imjily.Sweettiefe and'iSood^ 
u^^.* LaSanti Lib. IV. Cap: tyv Ye$pfuilidf$/yfb6' 
livfed about a hundfed Years aft^r6ur^/?i?i!»ei;tfWriter; • 
jdeclares that ' the Name 'of Chrifiiam is madfc, 4ip- ol • 
Sweetnefs and Goodnefe; and why jhould a harmr 
lefs and innocent Name, faith he, be hated ancf 

digitized by Google 

<}<:teftetJ/in, f hoffe> Hhat -wbVe-' oiiift ^ har^nnlcfr and Mri- ' 
nioceht t&ttrfdves? ' •To g€y?ftiH higher, and to? 
liieririon' buc one Fathfer mcM-e,- '3^^i» ytoV/yr ^; ♦ wHo 
lived buir abcniit My Ycafs^ after 'i«?/<{>tffi/x; KfedfJ 
fera^ ttedhriftians '6ught to^be" efteemed virtdsus 
ky the jcify •Name they bfcar*, and ihktrdi^ Xprfq-ov- 
fA,taUtr^i « crf^ot/oVy | /. >; ^ (!hat It is not Ia\yful 
to hate Chrift;^ or one" who is' meVciful and gobd, 
**"You'wi!r perhaps; faj^, Sir, ' tKat this is a fti'dref 
Jeu Je Moisy a Jin'glFng and'Playing'ilfidhr Wbr<5^. 
I bwtt I'f^ Sir > . but you know' this kittd' of Witti- 
cifm vfras What v7as' very much in Vogiie atiiong the 
ancient Writers, what the 'Fathers 'themfelVeis 'wen^ ' 
apf'tb 'indulge them (elves' ift, ^Md yuJiinMahf^' 
particularly Teems td have" bee^n 'fonci 6f: ,'Thus,*^ 
pe'caufe Xoyos tignifiis '^ea/on^ 'and alfo the Wor^' 
that was made Fklh^ he oftp plays upoip the Wpr^i 
and maintains, tfiat thofe virbousMen^ among* the 
Ancients, is^ SUraieSy'tieraclitus'^'/dnA other' Phib-l 
jfophers, who I^d direftqd tteir'Ljves|by tlife Eight: 
pf Reaft)rt, might be.properiyf^id to have 'known 
jthe/fij^^^r t^e Word^jOr.Chrift : And^^in^^^^^^^ 
•PJagc, he calls aHthpfep^. X;P^?^«5-,;f. Nvl?o, 4id^,|^^ 
g^erp theoE^felves, according jdo, Reafon,; ,ajsjf..|t)ip 
Word, had. becawaUy derived ifjcsm *yicMi Kft'Vi'^ 
miibout.Ghr!iii.\. But* this fiwt offR^afomiog.-pi ^> 
Ivathers;is liabJe to another .very* grca^ Ol^^joa/ri-. 
^n€^ befides.tfaaf^ it wa$ not ' vei^y ^iwr^^od concJu^ 
fiv^, as ^^iKkd^apw the Miftakes and ignor^BiqE^ 
'of th^ H^aAen, rk mighty i when di&pven^ j very 
mufeb prejudice Kifc^jQ^fe; of C^)fiftianity| and. giye 
a 4eep.Wo»nd to^R^bgiora. a fi^ce -eis certain, that 
pnc ^weak and: iH-gfQuiKkd Ai?gument, m^ a DiC- 
pv«:e^ 'if iu£^<irtCe:detc^ed,'.do€s a Caufc really more 
Hirmj liaat^t^i of.tbeteftjProof^ Good^ 

>-n :--.-, M . ^..4 j!v^:!->^P^/,^«* ■ : .: 

>. ,;■ .T.f It 

Digitized by 


^t4 f3bi^W.<yK%^^^4k% Aftyi4^ 

It? iwy bfe itfVi^, 'T^tT^mum wfflik| fcre (9 
91^19^ the bcft Qjf |)}$ qauft, atiA » ncigjet| wj^*, 
TIMage tQ fct^qff |he Oolpflhefs and Exc^Ileft^ <^ 
bWk l^gWi iHwA^ t&al^ thi$; kth4 bf pioiB Fraiid, ilf 
jjpu^ w^y (6 c^\\ It^ iS9| w^hafe Voni6 c^ th^ beft MffI 
Ijave ip^nctirrtcs been guiky^'of: • -'- • — » - v 
ZX?/«>^ an'P^irtidi fuhU'0iftb re^itirat ? • ^'^ 

tefocc the 7#wy!& CotibciI,-m^Q n0 Sc»4>j^XQ joiii 

ind JiifwheaipnQf dife Bead tj^i^jt )Jj<q. wi§ fcaflbd ip 

Qucftioiud^iSfi xxi.u. ^* tho\ hif wiiia. ttpD^wat wibif 
rfenfibW^.^dnw-the ^iftt/rteiwigk great ^aadiw^^ 
:JU:cii^ti<yis a'gf^taft him/ But^ia this beai^d with 

a poJjtifk Vocvy^ . His; Dbfign ^waa to.divktc^faii 
^]^nebiei^ aflfiong: thcmfelT^^land txxSsM dtflontbli 

bct^Keeir.tte Bbarifirs'SLf^Saddkfcnx ittthat AiffcoHi- 
4j|y : . wbkh- .ibccftded;'ac«^ toJijij Wiflics;; 
iTioce'DiVitfioit ran ,to. fi^b ^ Height^: thai!:)Cfae iciiiQf 
:»eapta jrr was .fcxTCcd to; corftt Vitii. & Band-of Soldiers 
Nto.defondvhitti from/Vidlcoie, ahdri^fdtte Wm. oflt 
;aI^: tkfiirii^aKftds)} by.wbtdi (Slea&s iie dsftpoi Coilf 

(k^nadott^ fopch^ Hintt,erafid. byrconftqijmitt the 
^BtvuAme^ thac cni^ bBay<t/<^kmcd>u)K«bit;. oft^c 

•ibe Fajibg»^4pot.t)oti;foii3ii^ aiv&if'inc/iii^MLMd 
hiJ^fb^toyiv .iivl}P^Mli fif^t^fomnkigeoiiflM 
zli^t tKb;Cliai^«if :th9cl!if^ei^£6 
jHMr ii8ft i$im6^^pteMRg.?t%iibcrid^ 

..t>©.4st:it.w4ik.Jkt^^^ tetf ipfeli or 

Opinion" whicli j'^dcfengv *^*Ti4: cnougn fotr tnjr 

Purpofe, rf)at^thiflj wp^ tbejts^miorj ^li«fc vqwrabfc 

'Writers, wholived lo near the Time of the Roman 

It'Itija»iiKn, had of the Word Gbreftus^ which they 


Digitized by 


l^d .^n^^ oif' the/^vyotltl. . 1 Jciww ioftft 

•^Jidarncd Men have be^n of )t^lother i^mi<«^ ^Jah^ 
'liayf: thqughc that ^hcNafiie of .piS'r^/;^^ X)5^^^^ 
"iW.'Heatherjiapplfed to, our Saviour by a figure ^ 
^lliietbric called Antotumafia^, by th^ Ru^ W- p>^^ 
tfaries^ ;^ by wiy of Sarcafm smd ReAeftiofii ift- 

IMid i^ »Xfi(r^^s/*3.t^^^ that 

the i5!«Jfifw ulcd to iall.ihe JEmperor Pcr/^inr 

'^mifir^fe$r9rH ^ betaufe th^t he Who eouid &)r 
the fi&eft 'I'^iogs, alldov^d Jumftlf i£ thr I^ifkicc 
iof che worft Thii^ in che World. ' Byt- a$..tU$ 
|tit;Br<m fi«n& tq. beiorced ani} ^r-feodie^^ it is 
tnore nitxinil co Tuppofe, that diis<jha»ige:;<xf. the 
fcNanie wasomesely apcitfebtal^^ : and- iDv^idg tci^vitbe 
vlgooriodb isvinch the Heathen were, under) a rebtidb 
»:^e CbtifiloHx and the ^'wi^ji. - Tiiw.i7ir/ji//ijt*i 
tofcen coiinplaids ofr %i^r ^^ tlieyijperoetit^Hy 
icbntoabdea the . vmi Reiigioiis, aiid; Without. 2asf 
Rear6n>€aQi thh iaihe Caliimmes iipoh i3avlr''^^as.i^^ 
Worflilp ofi an Ais, fopifettance,; oti'vihichthflf 
6rft aoaifi!d the ^^is^j^ incf'ipi^i^ti cqaai^fiooi and 
;VeMCtty::bid aftsrwacds^iicHe CKarj^ di^>iim\Ghki- 
^'fiaHSyOO^AO render thtflf: odioui snd tmidiimiic 
'la.ihe'WoHd 'J^^'greidri«as thoir: I^titeoictffimdic 
^Maners^ of^ihi(wo lUUgioiis/ thM'dMt^ifk^'i cdfi- 
«^erAbkf Writer amoDg'diiK Cinfikt; im^^^^^^i^ 
% a'^€oaatr]^ lArliere inkhy ' Ciotr^^^iMi ^^s 

-<tnyiit>4Av^ itt him '^i^^aii<tcpi^n«td ^w ft^- 

.T^SjK^cwi^T^ Qv^y^yQlJiJijifpfy yf%s Lnftrc^cd in ':dic 

Digitized by 


^6 i?2t^WoiRit^^/A# li^^K**. Art; 01. 

.wohdcrfial. and. amazing Pofirines of the Cbrfftiaks 
,by the ConverlatioD'hc had with ScriHes-and Pricfts 
of that Sed in the Country of Pakftine: Jinti. yet 
fuch an ignorant and uncxaft Writer, fuch an Au- 
thor as Tacitus^ the moft ftupid and egregious fiJun- 
dcrcr in thefe Matters that ever fet Pen to Paper, 
ihaB, by th« Unbelievers of the prefcnt Age, be 
quoted with Triumph and Applaufe, be thought 
good Evidence againft TheChrittlan RHigioHpand 
be more firmly and readily believed than St. Paul^ 
and the reft oi the Apoftles, ^hd lived in the ver^ 
Places where they wrote, and were Eye-witneffes 
of thofe vefyTa6h ^hich they tranfmitted to Poft- 
crky, and recorded in their Works, :' '" ' 

Thus, ' Sir, I .have, * with my ufual Freedom,, 
given you my Thoughts in relation to this famous 
Paflage of tte Rowan Writer -, forty that' I fcanfot 
clofe in with your Judgment, which, in ifonie mea- 
liire, gives nie a meaner Opinion of my o^n. The 
Favour I fhall beg of. you is, that if you mcft 
with any Errors aixi Miftakes, as Ifear^y^m will 
find but too many in this littlePieceof nrine, with 
your wofited Friendfliip. and Candour you will for- 
give ?ndexcufe them. A^ for me, Flhall nevet be 
aftiamed to own and mend my Faults^ •whenever I 
perceive them,' and hearrily to afk Pirdqhfbr them : 
For, as it cannot but be' a fenfible Morrificatibn ' to 
every honcft Man, to ha^e led others into Error by 
hia own Faults and Milfakes; 'fo'it;niuft be 'tW 
utrtioft Stupidity to be afliarfiW to own^theh*/, ^nd 
wilfully to perfiflrand J)erf^re in them :^^Since,"^s. 
Ac Roman Orator, Ivho was- :sK great Judgft^df hu- 
man NatuTCi very julHyobfervesi- ifi&w^^^i'iffF 
errare \ fed in^Emn peffivef^srepirofeBi^ bettuhum 
.eS. Cicci*a.t • * .-/ -• •: '■■ ' \[ '''^•i•.^.■ 

I (hall here beg but orte thitt^ tik^-fe j WhfcK isi,^ 
That you would favour ^neiirick^n Axi§ii^^^ hon] 


Digitized by 


*l|;WW?^*2Df 'K^ W^ -C3jn s and. if . yoiu hare imadc 

^ny ..gey ..Oifco verier' la.. relation to. this ^ub]Qj9t» 

M fii^^^ n$vifii reQiks^ you wOiild'fifccly impAct 

them CO,./ ' ' - .* 


Xbur muS^ .&c* 

... *-v 
; AH T I C I, E XXII, 

A DtJ/ertiition an the Cy K o p b v i a vf 
X B N o p H o N. ^rflT^flated from the 
r .FrjBBch of the Abbe- Fr ag u i b r. 

TH E Hiftory of Cyrwx has been trrote very 
differently by thcec celebrated Author | 
HerodotuSy Ct&fiau and X^nnpimn* Heredotusy the 
mofl ancient of the three, . and who was Cotcmpo • 
rary with ; Xerxes and Jtnakef9ie$ Longmanus, re- 
lat€3 it after this manner: . ^ 

Ajtyagcsy King of the Meda^ gave his Daughter 

Mandam in Marriage to Camipy/es, z Pet/tan of 

' an obfcure Birth and Condition J. and this Jic die), 

. left if he efpoufed her to any potent Sovtttign, iht; 

Child be had. by licr fhould emf loy xl^ forces oi 

. feis Father, to overturn the M^daan .Etnipw^j^ as an 

.' Oracle had. prediAcd. .Ac that tinic the. P erf am 

. ^ffc ,I^rf^€l to the Medes^ and made no- great Fi- 

gif^t 'm :ufjta, .CyrMSy by a Jong CcMirfe of War« 

. ^R^ Yi^P.f ics, rendered them illuftriom-, «cd raifcd 

^ them, .to A%Siiprcn)acy over their formej Miifters. 

,-4^.S<^5'. 4h<i*; a^ Reign of thirty, Years, was 

dethroned by him ; Croefus was vanquifbed, and 

ip/l*//jw»\.was ttkktnjiftera.leng.Si^. At laft this 

Sf6ttGp*^Q*WW, .who koowriiow to/raifc fo gr^at 

. ' *. a Do- 

Digitized by 


Hew»s|4^-Pri|iMir(^r'4^Fri(KKt aii Mq| 

of cQittxiuii^ii^ Briu^j » «rik* wiiftB |br;M«\ 
teli, th»t knewfig the ftiffend ¥^-Si»;m^|i 4ie» 
Hiftoif oC <>«' M iM»<(i4i!^e«edy liiUiAd Jdbenail; 
to. ti»t irhich btja^lfgai to be. fi|l|::tiflt#. 'CSngF^^ 

|tftcr>|,l||d IMC 1^ Mill MiMoeviidii Qimkh liav 
li^ t6ol tin; ^^ugMrr Gi4fyages,. tmtAJi^hi 
«! 1lfife,» ^ ^. the AM«nsi»/ «Ql«||tiify]^'i«|iiH 
nM 0i6rniciyesio^,I>dmiaioo4 ■ leH ^^^m^ 
£xoH^ d: tpj/4f.M|i(ift iHt ^««r *ier jtfcil 1^ 

tViJpqi^ft 4Midi femi; him in» J/^lroy irtoe b< gnp 
iiinp^jR^jnNc O^ )i) ^ Hcigh^Mrfaopdfil 4^«i!* 

•aiHitlMtQfnMhpfeU, lieitig «9iiQ^te«8MN«« 

f itkth* A^JN'*' ^. ^ ^^ ^» 4<W4 B«^ 

ffdne^jfevs; • -, . -> ■ • * 

Xr«^M», 10 tiie nghth Book of his Cj^HiHa^ 

Digitized by 


€yax0res between Aftyttges and C^nr; , a(n<^|*^l(e 

MKSI lfi.%lilHlfe niin mKWfwk^wUKt' otVcSBtv 'Ma 
■■III ■ All ■ iTSAiliiMiiM iiflf MaiffliifiLlf is;^IBHnasv£tJUiAA'' 

Mi «0«(»HN» lV^wi«M, "BttrtKS' 

i«iii$^iwiKiil^-4liit/'* lKkcc|>ttA)^ ' 
«• m tifV^r < tt^«e^ev4!flt3 i^lMi 
<* die Remembrance of,, fuch 

..yiTii^iiiwiniiiiiiy. ^«iiNii»'n( udyffiiimb^m 

'i^fipntm tAjiit, coafiilto prctcrifflttt. 

Digitized by 



330 l^Vf'Ol('K3(ftflgla^^Ji^M^ Ai?«^. 
«' Crce/ks^ and' the Taking ot Jl*&j«[#'»; wcfilid np 

•^ id Jie&fjthrns, ■■ .'«•,• • . -.« ../•'' 

The oppo&ie QpiniMir' haVfr^ep^ deed; not.waiMf 
its. I^rfsndlats^^^ ^hxx yoi b|i^Iy iufi^r^ d^alt ^Boclk 
wtkomsig^ikKika^ and abautidm^ 

Tritb&oiitCHalleiil; Mwii^' l|iotild'l)e«^epikG6dn^ 
ib mucfe Jr tiiftpryy ai i fee of Pr^c^te: ^ ^onfl^ 
^erioA, )tbat« cheft momi- I^p«di^^; *i>la€(;d m ^ 
sigp^dblqoa L4i^ i» ^^ejitaw^ have their f^p^ 
Mei^it^ and. that sbfiFef 191 more Glopf in'i)feing'>^ 
t?bUo&{»hflrkliaQ« m^ Hifl:ori0fiv Btst after a)l, - (^^ 
^mi^s.Se^cmMHttto^ has ges^ally prei 

)(ai^it$./aQd}t; ia^^tO^isiFer a-'rie inr m 

Qpc» fihqr6(iUA<)^io|i^^o^^ tha Cjfopteiiia* The mcrffe 
|uxrf?aJab A^QgQt of; wbleh l^^as folkH^« l. i v ' 
'Pie::C^iVj^^^ r^^ided astContaiiHag 

tvm Tiling; tv^Tiie Life^^^C^mi' froM jHs^Bliith. td 
f^^Bteadi^: ibpd,voccifim^ an lafimcy of the 
lviiefl:daiAru&i6ns^ bdch^ War« atidtlor Beace^ 
a^tbdicqaailly^ io^ ciie^Qi^di^pa 0f Si^^d:s^ a^ So^ 
v!e(eigris.o ki;^.firft placci^ all we fipd relating tc^ 
Bduscaltty ^^this Cy^jmdia^ is nothing btie thfif Doo 
trin§t<rfv^jaw«»/;^^,< .wki6 was Xenopiet^s ^Matter. St- 
fictfi<liyi'.i«hj< tim fee thew of- an kU&i4caJrNaiute 
iiHhfiBcjcAfjr to^ifitrodttce^ adci taonvey^ the Mom] ; a& 

iifla^ia:£hB;£8bui^)S) aii^d are always Wo^modlated 
to thaG^inwndbn. And wiA th^t-Vie#, kiwai^ tHit 
.Xhar]p*o»>prtf€n'ed Cj^^ bqftiK dther Ha-c^s, f&r 
his Subjeift, bccaufe hi^' W&smoijrsfi asi 1 h we ak^^^ 
dbfcpwed a^* /fef^rfa^i^, had.beefe^ ffr^ varfei^ffy^ re* 
la^ftd. oi^heObfcarity of fefojaftQ Tim*j^ahd.*t» I»- 
iBitltudf irJfiUg ii!Gm terfi a EHvijrfity of RepC>rt*, 
garwe Wmt an ppptirt«rmty of fckfting ^iid^^uftiti^ 
Wh^ lp<»dtms a« woui^ beft antWerhi^De^j^ 
Ifc kpcw' to* to appJy *c fcvcrnl Accounts of 


J by Google 

Aft Bi. i?^r N O V E MB E R, 1740. 33 1 

Cprta tke$ cuiam,. to the v^ry PdtpdTe that his owA 
Work has ferv«d in our Times : But with thi^^Diffe^ 
scnce^i^aeififuiting the £y«ms t6 hH Scheme, ht 
thought of AOthiog bat ioTpirmg bisReaders^eh the 
i^Oft (if Virtue^ t^htfoU tMif ttiodern Romancers fecm 
b hajvt hAid iio (Hher WfOfpc& In thdr Compofitionsi 
bar 4tf amuGng ua t^kh n Parcel of friVodous Ad»- 
Tenconei, and Tatei 0^ Galantry. And certainly 
tfao Cfaoicd ^hkh Xtmphm hiihie was i vctjhxmf 
one : ]For« ite rtbe Amhor of ji^ea hak ehofen mt 
tbe^ Pia6e.<ff hi$ AdveiHufe i ticitciousr and peaceful 
Rctireneoc^ be^aufo th& Scene Apnhl ahrajrsf corre- 
i^nd with theXranfaaioci h rtftrs to**, fo Xenopbon^ 
being rto ttdommeiid ^ harfh ami ituftetfrfiducatiphy 
fideftad his Exemplar from a fudt a^tid flefibCotiq- 
cry, and from jiiioAg a Peopli akogbtblAt ocdiipie4 
Uk Hunting or P^ftur^e : For fo they ate' rii^e- 
Ibnted by i^Air^ ilk Ym Book df Laws; whd alfb 
ob(drves$ that -Suhj^^tibi^ HM eafy and agre&alSe to 
tbeoiy feeing that l!he SUpetiofs and forefbi-s%cra 
united by AS%€bioB rather fhtn Duty i smd that 
Hfroi himf^lf did not difdain fo hearken to the Ad« 
vice of the mean^, and wotdd fiecdy difconrft 
eyen with the Soldiers of hi$^ Aftfiy. Xent^lmny in 
tbe Nature and Climate of the Country, :and m the 
IDi^oficion of the People, found a proper :Roanda^ 
don for hj$ Syftem of Education v ^nd his Maimer 
^f Wrking fi»tni(hcd him wirfi Op^rtmidcs.of ixi- 
l^oducii^g, iM0/hi9 Narrative all choife: Excellent 
.J4iich^ whfcb ^ had Hnbibed:from the/Gonverfi* 
^ioa of bis illqftrioos. Preqepton 
.- liif hia Way of Reafoning,, if Tmay fo exprefs 
Afkifj J^H4b&% t^.Si^Hger has lieinaftked, : fol- 
kMcdd^ Ps^t0^n of the if^m celebrated Sofihifls of 
^ofe Tiincs *f who, to >giv* tbe greater Weight 
^a4 fyjtib^r'Hy tp th^r JItocumentS) deliverod them 
i^ i^oov cbe^Mouthioiif thc^e d(;<^eafed Hbrocs, whofb 
fiS^mjrf wb held in greateft'Vcheration -, and pre- 
^ -^ ^ Z 2 tended, 

Digitized by 


33^ JfeWoRit^yV^tiESit^fd^i- i6%.g^j 

tended^ fbr-1n*«iiic6,-^jtrJ9p;^rfr,-ir^i^i,- - aftdl^a^ 
/<iwr</«>, -Wrig-aUhftSiefee of Tihdy, hatff^n *^a! 
Occafiiois faid tech tod with Thirtgj i''^'fiich. in 4*. 
ality, jMene orily At Sentlftients tir'S^eeehcs W'th^ 
Wrkcra «hw»ifetrtt. " We have- Attirs fiiiAi^fliis « 

in his Pit^A-w ? For m iSevfertner-of tTidc ^i4 fii 
mous Sag^ Imiees Siirdhs '.tb ^r 'ititA teak '--t 
Difcourfe concerning thofe Exerciies to. wKich. it 
yduig Mart idi^bt to ii6pry hitnldf, ttnd te!lls h^m, 
Ike Manndt^f that EKKOuife }$;fiiehas<..raimno« 
fpeataoft TH(lshb%8i « JAfter^thi^IMftrb^dl' 
•• of 1% by die Gre^kslNedphkmir^DMt^^^ htjtP 
^« feir«iMe DaytO' ffejfvr^ demanded of hint, • wlia 
•< Eksfttt^ were mow 'bekiotning a lyourtg PHnce! 
^ Whwtcapon'i^V'f^or «rittkcs a R^ly t^ tlic'<^e^ 
« filled ^Irithatf^bfiA* Ideas tfiatil/lft^Vi 6t^ld"'iimr; 
•f '>gi«tt>irpon foindble ^abjed; Aftd tn¥!ieiP£'>(A-«4 
«!!5«ii*<»b* 'Silks the Ybuth ^^hoTe Nahlc' tfw 4)iar' 
*«> J<^g^'^beare.' if iW wi* not acqaanrited tiwtfi thfr 
'4-Art-<rf''Rh«ioriGk vrhid* JVp^i»^ and i?/^ com*' 
Mi-pdfMl inJtheIr JeifaWi Hdurs, while thfcy wete atthie 
«' Siege of 7><y > t6i»*ftich/'A*ir<w anf«et$, th^jhe 
\«. k«e«f?oTF'raJ Writings either of mftt^ 6t tf/j^j, 
<?. !ti»Wi! fi^A'ir^w' he ittcant Corghsi ahd.l^ ^^^^•'i 
^'-th'i0MMas or- Weaiarus.'* In tiiufch the'&rb^ 
agrteaWd Wi^'his «he';fee AYdibiffib^'^^f (^if^- , 
h-ay (X^pifed hl^ iritibd{)in-abIe^;/^^/&iii^^° whie^ 
wa8.'.'iifiii*n''0p for -the lAftfudtioft 'd^^ tKe' yfadn^ 

"X4VVhdda'numef6tfellaiielt*ihg;*^^ ^(^i •"'"'^ --^^ 
Mo»fcov<*;'iaftJj<f/^fl»» ' whdWai fe^y^fK^ 

enough pleafed'n> r»i%!Ve 'thb mMi% ^ miAit^ 
Cuftoms of thaV'i\tnfcti«6ft,' of Ihfeft bfiP^^ftlBg 
\»cak Trabe^ahddiiifigared Fbbtf^^ii'^emainl^ 
among :,fihe1^d4e^»a(e>Fflritefity'^^:ft^cbftfin^W 
has t^en care to cIof<^tHb CjfrofadiayfiA an odious 


Digitized by 


bu2U)t^ .^ pointvCWy 49: oo^picu^fly as he 
cbold, w^9vec-bc. tjacjl^ia' to fbe tjiihiivMy 
c^jipf^iliei^lQfmgr,^ p^l&d through the 

(t<>wa7; w ^^40^^ iW yowger Cyrus. And 
]|ia'eby:^(^.Wa)i&4 ?i^ «^ale-6pdy of tht GreikSi 

to confidercd the P^Jim Ww<irch». whom they 
Iqi fTi&f (jifr^ JTMr^, . 49 ^cbcir moft foriDidable 
Enemy^. .. . ■ .^ 

^ Xo juftiijrf^his Hy pptbcfift touching the Qf^op^Si 
wc arc,9nly to inquire whether it in fcgUcy {CoMaim 
^.^tfrniifr Dpdnae: Fpr ii» >Qn one hand, thp 
A^^ions of Cyrus are therein related , in. a, Maooer 
diiTereacfipipth^tofhitothCTUjftAria^ oi^ tvlth 
Cifajoiftaoces^ peculiarly (k|ited.i;c^ the InoefltioQ^tre 
%pQ^ ; and if, en the oMier^fiaiidi. ^ojpsDceive 
towcift'a Syftcm of Etbiq,: q^ Tvhich wfr ; h^wJ .no 
Jx^'-ixj4^ S^afef^ who waa .unq««(liwablf 
tticr Author pf ir 9 there fcqm* to be a igoftdlFoun^ 
dadoit^whac wc advan9?».. of this ii5h<F«t^H*>- 
aAQ^>JbNUOg in truth noochc^ thsm «;K04awe^!Aa)^ 
quUi^ed % fi^bibicing a ooblp Eji^mfki i tod fc^ 
qmmcncl^^ <he Purfoit of true Glory,, j^ ,c .^^ 

i^Q^ .ii i^ certain that the S(^m¥^^f^<^-Sm$i^fj 
2j^\tij^{c]yf/hich we find, cbroughG«if( the dyin^ufdiif 
a;fp',^r^i% the fenic. Howerer, as we^%i?^ Oo» 
tl))Qg» ip{bef|XHi,«ite <mn aground a ParMlel in /this 
^j^y, bi^\ wt^^ PUs^^ ^1 XitHopb^fk/imfi^ Vfi^l^ 
^i^^la^w^j Aii^ we flwH^ father ^o»n^ro ihe;Cjw* 
^4^^,Jthe4V4«in€^rsf of '1^^ Xi^^ini 

than with the Dialogs? cifji^^tf^^ ^0^' ipthofe^Wie 
fl^f^^lF^^^9^>Qqa4^9sia Ih^'fbpmej^ ifi^helt^c 
^V£^4»cnv Clo^ly. ' I^^tv^i^lj^odipg, «it ilin the 
^<?rf«^ pf '^W^^ j;hatv5w^ AjpuWllopk; f^f ' thofe 
§ffl*^!»»» ?H^ b/8 haaijpp^wVlhnoygh bjsV?1fr<;/*^-^ 
fcrfte^^pcwfe*^. i«b,|lgi:.dpreia^iWd^ftQ#teft 
Q^lii^,if^ 4t..f|aHi^*»wd jhar^X 

Digitized by 


3}4 ?*« W^ijifCf^^ip fc^MRU*, Am*!8» 

.hiin. ; , ■ ... ; I . t ■< : . ..- ,, 

. prery one Hi?pw?*.th^ thei|« twd-j^t lefess^wi .^- 
Jfons were, ^pcr^iei^f Dixiq.^ j . bp^h. |isi^ clffi>i«(9(i 
(rpip him th? pTinciel^.,Qf. £H?jr'rv!;^.^ij^j);i8©d 
both; have tranrn)it^4it|\em .Xfii .ia^ ,^V«ei^ in ^i)^r 
pw^ iipipprtal Writjpgj. .• %Mf, as ^^ Ifrm^vgifit 
did nqt Djiake )^x»<3J,v,ti)e ^ttm IppresflijK^ Qf>,4w 
' Min<^ pf thefe two illuftripus Pupils, .fo ihej feve 
deliy^re^^hera tpus^jaritfifofljc E^r^^y^ ^cof^iog 
^sthey rifi^fiftivjely »j!prel:v?»«M *Mp. ■ At^d tf: w 
ref^lly git, 9nc6 an.^gpcpalpW ^nd an,yfff«rf JEjEOfsliiyt 
mpn(;,.^^o obfiiryc thq di^er'jri? Turp.jjuJji j^vf w^ich 
! the fape Difcourfe JMs-.takif a, accerdjt^-tioiiJt^-.dif- 
... fer£pt,,(^eotu^ of thp lieajre^s ; A^ .tlw ^nnw ;S^i 
; ,^. pf,ojiu^ve of fttppgw ^r njorq fef antyql PteniSi 
,. aqcpri^^he f^laf^re,qfIhfSpiUl^&y■gpW?♦Cb, 
; ; ^j^^i^W" fiftdyia P^ilpfophy «nti^y .^buM^^tfi 
.. thp^ C^c^esppja^ioo qf I^atvu-e, ^jfd-. iBJ,'tMf Re* 
■.'...'iafcnwi tl}at, w)?rp MJteft to attra<i^ |h# Ad«?>r«jio8 
. . it jManJciAd,. natus^Jly food of ^^ tjiip^.j^jf »re 
' JSJi-^^^^iPf* .^1*^ yn^v^ ha^cno T«nd€f>cy «o pro^ 

'ccivingt this, was the firft who applied hiirtfcll td 
...^^IVIoraliiy, and inftc^d ,ef i^^iriogti^envjiF^ abt 
f lTO .%0£»is». tnWgjM: wjy of re^iij^Pgte-M«W»:^ 
• ".IPfiH -flW;»n^in'i|g t»e^<:wW ^R,aP8f.i<ilai!y, by 
V,. MinS^t^ /tt^ 5^WPe/ifil hiwaari 
..: :a^WFjfeQ ]^'« ^W tpi fiS^.^n.Wg^iftCi^ taffeO- 
,. - «W/,.^W ciofeiy (pi^qwipft |h#lt>%»^b9ft<Swdey 

' V-"SlB*eSj.,ha8 aiyseo.ti^avy^^ 
. }^ V' M;Msue 9fl jAiftiq?i^iw#yyijilid'. Ms 

- ^j ./,....-:■.?:. J ^'„ '(J'Lili;:,,,.:. -^^ b:i- U3.::.Jflfate 

Digitized by 


An at. «>r.NOTEMBEflv 15^40. -335 

•Srtie cdtiflfts^in the Harriiony of Ml its Cctofficuents, 
and a due Subordination of the Members to 'Aeir 
M*ad and Sovcfrigh 5 ' in like manner the Eiccl- 
lenqf and Happinefs of eVery rndmdiiarprbceedst 
t^ho evinces, from thfe fame Cauft; wz. -tfteinaift- 
mlhifig a pfope^ Oder with reference to thfe Factfl- 
lies ot the Soul, ahi a becbmirig Sabfihrftncy to 
each other. For he i^trt Ihews that rfie Sotll, -fim- 
fde af it Ifr, may be jtiftly regarded ai compofed of 
thre^ ^diftinft Parts, -iiWch are ^s fo "many different 
Pf^inciples, the Springs of 6iir Difpbfi'tiohs and all 
the Actions of our Lives, The ftrft'oF thefe three 
in EXghity itrtd Excelleticy is the Undcfftandmg, 
#h€* <Pro¥iftcfe It ifl to Regulate the others. The 
fteond is that, which T3eing capable of impetuous 
Emotions,' is however of itfelf indifferent to Good 
orE^r, "ahd is fribjcft to any Deter liiination thirt is 
g^^B«i k, *rhWhcr thitBiafs proceeds from ReafoQ 
»r the Aflfedions. The third is the Region of the 
4MfiOW, ^bich neither are at Peace amdfig ,them« 
fifvtt, nof ag¥efc with thfe other Powcrfe, but are 
ffcf^tudll^ conibating one another, -and ftriving 
lt)r 0dminion, inftead idf Wbrtitting as tticy ought 
to dift • * ' 
- No*ri' in the Judgment <>f^y(7ir^/rv AePftrfecr 

' tkw«id-tfie' Happinefs of Mirilcmd Hes'in^tfie S^ib- 
j«»li»! df*h6^ocher Rirti'bf the Sotrl to'Ae Fntcllea; 
^Wrt Raflfif'thfe Diyirfty, 'that Bkmnor'hmfiht 

' ^fti^" wfiSih-, as aii t!(J)e<na't Favour to'tM* -Speciea, 

-'^^p^dlB^ftd upon tM ttt 6ijr Birth; to ^verti our 

App^etSij 'and to regulaltetbe iWiofc Cdirffe of out 

^^«g>«fe. AW f6T fi*amf]g the fattotisT'it has i 
'- ' '^^glt fft^mptoy the A'ABrotncfe of thb irafcfblc Part, 
^ mmt'^^k^h <)f laKIhgdoth m*ktes tife ^ tht 
^ jftittoy ¥»t<ftfe, to Tctaih' His ▼aflSls^ -in that AUe- 

^'fijrt»*ift»n/^rti?Mi ««fy aftft ftfr^i« to -revolt j 
i. tever^^b^ thfe Wife*, to^itVent -ft^ beihg i^in^ 

' Ipiiflied and cnthralW by the Paffions,>as by a 
J Z 4 •*' nud 

Digitized by 


3^ 9fkf^w<^^^/tmnuihi^ m.4i^ 

Iiieabioidni>df ^ \Ii^ii99iaiid <dr£k#i^T 

caiinibf jAoTe/ w&icti^t k^ fi^o%Iy.:^^t9i^r«]i|i;^ 

Ptinccplees iitid^jr: iq a^g>£a:t JM'tibds^ito^artiagif^^ 
tkmo^oQt tte^if«indpah8pc3t|»r^ norerrarprefl^ 

Icdl 1Se^»:>dI)(PaillS£taJs£|)il«1i^I^ fte^M^sof 
qflsfis^lioq eewfrot jketA <ilom tbere-Fet^I^mtl^, 

digaonnoim-d^fc^faf l^ce^ Jdnitk lo^f, icmnM 

tis9Si£anr|;l^iibtiioti^ t;o^.pmsdve^itat ^te £m.^^ 
aji(i.w%aB% to^ appriii^ what ii 4suMf fiiriB^4^ 

tu . f have 

Digitized by 


^iJ^y^m^km^&M cetnpiMcp^hMillkhtoU^rnrrioteT 

in a. Way ilV>riti(aiOab)ttairbisij|bciittte!iSu£iiric^ 
^H»t j^jBiOPlation^i JUi/c^ m is JHigh(f^tobiUc(x 
2)4«dw4^ va$ hf'.hat.dmc^^lbvaNdlenciiaiii^^ 

there are tmcibviSpeakfir^ raiidfiiKtadi»A^ 

eo9»g^ iihe {Acteocioa of:MftnJkiiid^\ani)n.prefeot' 
theoi witk'fMOevlMt :mft)yi:prefcmbte a$.cp>thfe; 
Ma«oer4>f it^' if with %hp HpdraiT^i cfoane fp-aod^ 
ARbte«an»tts»* upoper Aa ihemftlwsj toc.thoiuM- 
^ cteltgltf.ibe.Re«dBra«: be:;&(9il(i;iiiAtimim^luQb{ 
$peQ(^) $ik1 CoAferentes ;» tut SiibjwvnatiirBHf 

and defiteradifkh tbc,Eafc»'amL Ddicaf^)(df r'aat 
el^gMCiCtmireriaiion.- In fliort^ iniwts pBriMadBd^) 
(hut if b&^XMild uoilc injonft GQoifx>fiditetiKSirBrt<Ar 
tie& ofr.fl oioble^andr.politr.Mtuftaito 
o£' JS^lcnguef! I audi the (iSolMiiejr^d^ mosal JOfeeo^ir 

Sim^A'nkwiakk odv lysdxibJdLelbiprBfeiifBiitfai^a 
mMi Hhc Bm&e9P7af fiiaiqKiKi: riHs MaftDodv shofi: 

th^(^i3CfcQifioha}; «nd •&eoiffiglyuiapfBinQditattduRe>.t 
if^^NKt affidfi:>tbe{hilag^niin)farc>^b8KU;iiC^ 
&HPhsM«tfi diiraQ; MAdbitaBmtiQ^>j;ln.crinfq^trncp ct> 
^tm^cJSmtfpi^iim .9fv^^il;&Ciuld/^l0lioa U i^^^ 
mmMAcii&)BRii£tfiQfvJ^^ moiddfaigitit after 
^Mesiihf\hMd iotankA tfaotttibfilsKt'i^iemcy^ 
and U)atiii^^«i.&Tc»s;imiliin9}layy fiilfiitektko J>^' 
jGjre which that Philofopherexpreflb at the Entrance 

^JiVf ) ': *' • ' of 

Digitized by 


538 2^W<)Jti^s.^/irLiMftN«i. ib^d^ 

^t the S'imietfSf whem te dxpatiiiDes oi>nke Fleator 
k would be to&e that grafts Syftwihtfis treatH^>of 
in Motion, as a Perfim bdhcddkig a PfftaB'e4^ A- 
vers Atiimalsy wiOies they were endued vrahLiffe, 
and in Adioa. . '• i 

Bvt whecber or no the IntenoicKi of Jim^bm^m^c 
precii^ly ibchas is faere^^p^o&d) i«l)tidi is an 0{A^ 
aioa> however Mcatal in iofei^ chat may'isai, I mm^ 
be fo eafiiy ppoired la the SftcisfoftioMiof ocfaetsv it 
muft be aUorwtcl^ that the Phiiofbptiy ^ ^ocmus 
had cnadi^ a moch ftmnger ImpfeftoO) andviafam a 
tar dee^ Root in die^ind' of Pliupj shaiv irt dibt 
«fXriio^flte«. 1 (halloi^ bat one ExsB^ for the 
Confiroiacion Df (his Aifivtbn ; bocitmttbeibeh 
a one^ as h fufficient m a few Vfotds^ to prove it. 

The Sciences in which Speculatioii has^ ihe 4&}ef 
Share, aschoTe of Gemnecry^itid Nutiibers^:^aread- 
apcied to thofoliowiag ^orpoifes: Oto ^mtchsL Rr* 
fedionof mmutlAitsv cte^odM^ooftfifts in eftran- 
ging the Sod from ienfibie ObjeAs^ bytobroating 
k to . abftTa(5t and puieif i]iteik£bial: Idear^ and 
ehereby^naifing oorNatnrt, as far aschis'caqjdte^ 
Life wiU permk^ cothatifltake of ^rfe63on-i«iuch 
cheSpisir vriiUbt fert&bfeiif, itrbMjidtfei^gagsd'ltaai 
the IMTonrof the Body, k k. mftond^wicsi native 
Pcirirf and Freedoms 3i^n ib^ag noilonscr tn^ 
te&ed:wirh tbei Conn^^ion jy^ ilenM^ ks 

Unlotii wieh «hc momlcBart^ .aiido ddipniied> from 
^e IMiirteatiiMybF cbt BafihMSi it IbriKix as/U- 
feiercyv' in a CondHito ofi^bfoAtiis^qi^ '.id con- 
ierhpiateidiofeetemahy«rkies^ otwincbifaerricias 
-0irfyaTiBty<snitC)«ciqiti0nj. ' - .-.:< f t.vj iv . 
i TbewhoiG &helK»iofciAi^«fr ictidsKtar'^laxonfr 
der i!teMic« ekreaiood^tiefioesy wkhia' Vie«e tiv^ 
la;ft:nobtei fiaiul 2VDiim;is5Ukka^oki^iie4«i%'<)&c^^^ 
chttt a^ the fbreocMteokiiot tim X^ppM^rdie jfecxtt»- 
rnendt: a^eUKgent Staidy. mt them;'? :- JfoMptai^'.ilii dss 
xorufury; .alcbc/^ Mhmk^ttd: cmUi^th^ afin^iRays 


Digitized by 


SQQ9^ATlbiihc tmkas. litm <6ftt)urfe of Geota^etry 
€ir J^ryiinQi^i yon/fiixi AOthing in bis Speecb4 
uncommon, or above the ordinary Ltenh Xem- 
./ififivjfeAft ^mftth esalted hk Views beyo0t|/tiie vtUgar 
i^itch 4 cwbahflMT becwic^ being Micuftoaied to fit^- 
. misy aiKhncs^ gresitly difpofed to^ «r enjoykg a- dtie . 
Leifisins for MediisiitiQii^ he was not <dirpdfed« to qmt 
idbeWtOQ fijOAdf wh^r i^w^le'•tlr»t€ hi Cpqld 
ROCibope ioo^iordM i^ize in x Race wbem Plau 
jssd a/(^uitted hipielf! ib glortoufly :^ cr ifir^etber in 
reality -jc wcf^ that hh i^tipsicky was not' adequate 
id fo eimnfivc a SjrAefa, /i^ iomewhat uncfirtaid t 
For to comprehend a Truth) foas to kavi a thorough 
Coniaoptbaofa^litsCanfequ^cos^ reqmits the Eyes 
flf the Mind to be as JaroEig- and pehetmting, as 
ihoftc^ the Body Ouwjd i)e tt> iopkfted^ly on the 
>Stai : and wq camtiot rc6iie Pi^a the Honour of this 
Adi»iitagB.i . 

: Inftaotes of this Gifparky of iafie]}e£)»al Abilities 
«e,tQ be found every thif among Ferfons puri^ing 
tfae^iaiDC^' Studies* Thns^ kt^iwo Men apply them- 
Mvlcs to the. Reading of Platp^ Dialogues^ one of 
them, »aD0raUy prone m Reflki^cm^ and with aTaile 
for .dne^ {tifaIiiiaiieft.Phik4bphf^ ikaJl; imtibe aU its 
Frinnipks, and, wtthom mgteSJng either' the Beau- 
ty of ftylc; or the fine Str«(ftBre of jriie Diftxwrfe, 
Jhail take in ith/s tntko' Flan^ bocfar^ hogie and 
•Ethics that: is CQfx^riied in^thetnc Tfa^ ot^ fta)l 
cuter oonly mo the ieafieft Parts^ he<tlbl^btod with 
panicular Turns and fitntiom^,' aiid hiy Im^ina- 
tfonbeiog bharnnsd witb.ihef<>race8*i)hai^/afe focon- 
'f|4£i3Qiis^ eithevi in theE^ordiiim^ m ftrnte piscu- 
.h2aAf btbDancdVdPa£igefi,iiHb will €kpfld(s himftlf in 
•&ckStra«idr,i a^ v^^ fafatattiong tbes ^nerailrty of 
jHe^ycra ^> gr^ttr J^ofioitAt'm^ 
,. :An8icttis I iwfadJ&aitionstidse^iTulyr kfiowio^ he will 
'? ' ' appear 

Digitized by 


3^a 7ft Wofii^s p^jib^ lf^n/^^^ »,^ AxX. f^ 
a|^ar no b^ccer t^at| a ri^rc Smattcr^ V? '^f^^^ ^^ 

Tfeia Idft.Js the ptoper Charaacr cf Xenophon^ 
pcniuS; .and with thefc'I)ifp6fui9n^,he;^c;6^^^ 
the ^epiQtaMia of Socratir \ >nicf^ ' wejr? ' only ^ '^ 
Magaf irip to fupply Klaceriakfor' i{ic Cioinppfipbn of 
xhtl^jfropcedia.. But if we, had no otHir Ifcmains of. 
%\xt$acra$ic Philofopby Duc:;thefc perfoi^nces» wc^ 
Ihovild be ablest this p^ 10 forrti ^ut.a ycry/im- 
perfe^ NdtiOn thereof. Ti{) framie a trup Judggiiait' 
i^f it thereby, would require iilorie SJkili than isJer 
qaific^ for an ^sr^hite^i to deduce all (be Mftnbers 
and Pi^op<»*tibb5 of a ni^ripd |5?<fifice Ironn fonac rc-i 
m^iping Piij^mqits. phe fn^ift, for Exampje, cbW 
le<ft ail i*iit I haVe been laying of the Republic^ 
from a flight 'Sketch only which we iind In th^. 
fi)rth fio<i^ of the Cjf d/a//;^^ when Arafpes expcJc^ 
h«i Wcakriefe t&CyrUx. and cohfefli^s to that j?rincc^ 
that hii Virtije was in4ifficicnt to rffift the J^nipfcfr, 
Gori whitl| the Sight ^f./^^^/ib^^ had, made on hi& 
A/ftAioDS5.: ' **', i iW; hdv, ^ys he, thoroughly, 
*« conyfhce^ that J^ have two 5puls, *Fhis 15 a .new. 
*f Phih)fpphy, v/hkh Itpvcv that grand Spphifter, 
«* lias iai^Ht rtie. la,fliort, if I had Iwiton;? Sau^ 
** It qoiil4 not .he at bn^e virtuous and vicious, bcj^ 
^* enanFiOoredj (Jf Good and Evil^ of chvife jo il<^, 
** ;what a^t JhfJ fani.e tin[ip it willicd, to b^li^dppc^ 
*« This tliarly proves/thit;! hav9tw6SQ^ls :^WKct), 
^ ^he gbod 'on? has thp Afcprtdant^^^^ <^ ^0 ^}^^^ i> 
*« when the fcttcl pile hfts; the $uperlorit:y, tny[Ac^, 
«« tibp? corrcfpond; with; th0^ RJ^igr\iq^ Ql^'i^ ;$g| 
** now, fay^ hCto Qr^^i^ thai h^ve'y^iir j^^ 
"ance, iwy gbod Sckil rrtajps^^ ,, 

From what we )mrfiina,|hQ» 

Nitare of .the^^t |yt^ . jfP«f4> 

ftep by ft^ tb.aJl 1 i rmmo^itj^, 

which ff^tff m^ 1^ #«^ '^^ 

repireferitcd ort tik UiS^^^^^i. 

,, ' ''~'* ^im 


Digitized by 

hM mhU fii^e^'il^'iA the fame V^^pj!^^^^^ 
findan the fourth ppok of ,fA\t^Mempraiif fht^^^^^ of 
5di:jrii/<y^ \nam6Yt at l^^rge \hPlatii*i'Pttteiuy^^^^^ 
flis tenth Book [oftaws^ Ciceroh Oratiofa%. 

iWJfc,' :wtierc thlt Ar^tor appropriates wh^t he ^l^ajc^ 
cead irt /^^/(?/ whbfe Seritimcrits, which in E*h^55i 
werenbother thaixthofe 6f*yt>fr^/^>, bftrcgarde^l as, 
Oracles.. Here is the' entire PaflagQ \ in wl^ch |i| 
IS cafy tojpcrcciye the Orniioii of Socrates cbrkcm* , 
iiiK the Nature of the poul^ and the yeVy fame, 
Thoughts as he uttered in l^w.Djfcqui^ aiireiTcd. 
Ac the Time df his Death to ttiofe of his J^u^es .who 
had acquitted him : Whiph Cv^oiftancie^icrvt Very . 
much to confirm What Ilmve ticen adYanqng.''^'Mjr 
•♦Friends, f^js Cyrus^ I cqul^ heycr'imagipc that. 
'^ the Soul lives while it is confinecj xd , a japort^l 
^'< Bo(Jy,; and that it dies wKcir 'feparat^diroai it,! 
^ ' I fee plainly, that while it ibidcs )yith it, i ij |b the, 
^« C^fe ^of its Living a^d. Dying* ,'ButJ^c^OOt 
*< believe' thatft ceafcs to thinkan^ to rcaCjp^ ii^tep 
«* dlfmiffed from the Flerti^^ which of ^fclfis utterly ^ 
*^ ih(aif>ablc bf Reafoning or Dlfcbur^^ Oh the 
•^ Cb/itfary, when the Minc^' is pure ara^ iibllradlied; 
^ from Matter, then are its Powei?,inoft 'vigproju^ 
** the Uftdcrftandirig more illuminai^d, a^'tts J^ea^ 
^ bore refiftcd. Conri(icr'likewTf^ /that WhcA ^jM 
^-^'Body is diifolved, each Part pCits ;§u^itai(^3^^ 

<imbris'df the like ^lmplb|;t,,fiV H tjiis^ 



(hesmj^Exittcnc^ fear tlic(^ 

Digitized by 


34* ^Wont^'iff&t LFA<N«ft; Art. 22; 

To have a juft Notioirr of the S^fati^ Doftrine 
contained in theie PaflkgeS| ib as able t6 re- 
duce! it intci a Syftem, wh^ a great Aal of Tinfjc 
and Application muft be ipen; in the Reading of the 
Tim^us^ th^ Phmd^^ tht Mpn^^' "^t Republic^ the 
Phttdrafy the GorgtaSy ;and the other Works of 
Plato 'Which I have ciccd ! 

Thefc are the only Sample of Ptafo^s Sdcrai^s, 
that are to be met with in 'the Cyropigdia. Every- 
where eife it is the Sctratet o( \X0noph6H that, we 
cocoum$r^ fachw he has repreft^ted hini in tRe 
fourth^ and? fifth Books of Menm'Abk Thinp ; Or^ if 
bcr« anci.thcre we e.^y a Traw of the' R^pubik^ ft 
appenrsy not as in Plato^ but with the pifFerence' 
which, th© Tempers of thefe two Difeiples impftflid 
on. the JLeffofls of their Matter, when diey retailed 

Saer/imy in the Diak>gtie on Ja(lite» being. ob- 
liged to draw the Fkm of a perfe<^ O^monwealth^ 
'm order xo fliew wherein Joftice confifts (becaufe 
having feen it at large, as one may fay, in a Sta^ 
ititnig^t bef diftingiiifhed more endlly iti the Indr- 
vidoais of* a Society ) in like manner as a Perfoh 
having* ^ead a. Thing in great Charaders^ may the: 
more eafily. read the fame when ddferibed in fmaller j 
Socrates^ I lay, in Plata^ has conftittited his Rev 
pifbUcJnr fuch wif«, that, not fatisfied With breeding 
upahe Snbjpds in a hard and laborious Courft of 
Life,T ta render them good Soldiefs,;* his Views- ei^ 
tended CO the making thrai mft Men, and capable 
of the Functions of Government, according to tjie 
fiiblimeft Heigbtsof true Wiftjoni i bring pcfrfunded, 
tha^ the World could be happy only under tHc'Ad-' 
.miniftratlon -of Philofophers^ Xen^pbifn's ^ <)ti - his 
jpsxffiy draws up a Scheme of the Pttfim Education 
fomewhat refembling this of Socrates^ In his Flan, 
no-more than in that of Plaic^^ was ^ufcafi6ft*ai^ 
arbitrary thing, or left in the Hands *6f i^oraot 


Digitized by 


Rd|a^9P9]i J^coa^ol i^cfrmcipsil Oli)^l^of;4^ 

Coocern^^ch the MAgjft^a|ig})t.fOjexti«ire>for 
Uie pub^ick, Weltare.. Xbi^y liii'icmW botb..«f them 
have diSereo^ Clafles ioi]laaj|te^ ^V^i V^.^ffne^ 
Age$ ', into which each partii^ul^r Ffvlbo (KcHiikjl be 
odmiiited, b; ai gfa(^ual Frogptfij^; iiv prop^fiiw l» 
his refpe&ive Impcovements^jor be4%^MM><vcafe4tC 
Incapadty of Dfgcoecacy f ^( fq t^y (ty^ jneaw iseiog 
properly maturated, they mj^l^Jop is^iSfid for tb^ 
GovemiDQn^ both of tlifciidjtt^ md othefiu The 
Care of ipjftru£liog.ChUdrq) in a ^minfir t\m ihim^ 
able to the Tenderne& ^f. their Xeansv ar^jio^ an* 
(tilling ip(o. chco) inienHbly,, a,od as-in a ^ay of Re^ 
<reatioa, (he Seeda of all t^c ^K^nowledge which is 
oeceflary for the future Cpq4u^ of tbeis ^iYes> it 
<qaal in both. AM it i^.re^fiMabk 10 •iMnk, that 
Xenofbony in what he advances upon this Head ill 
ibe Cyroff^i(^^ ^d the fyxf^ I^i|rpp(e^ as S&srsN^ in 
the firft JUtii^deSt^ who ha»^ ti)$re eKhil)ked aiOpm'^. 
|^}etc^£44ication^ which h^ j^j^ps ta^ be iha(of th» 
Pe^fi^, Ifrince^, purely- tQ.excice . th«i £rVH|laMQ of 
kis ^upil, and (hew hmthepi^eociatwcw^n-aa 
accoti^Uihed BrecdJ^ig aoid that which he^od uodct 
his Tutor Pjgfkfes* Ehfi^. and Xemfbon;^ luA^ffWt 
Tfitu with Sdfjf^v^ were perfuaded thai .the Fern 
of our Lives, in a gfear n^eafure^ depends w the 
^ia(s;>hat is givei) us atqur £jrft ^ttiog out^ Af94 
9n thi9 Score perhapsv it kj, xhit^X€^0fkfi^9. deteff«> 
^>.P^i|&,^^ ^^^ with Qf^vij^ in his^ very Cradle,, andi 
to popdud .hiip: frpcD dbeyjce to the la(): Menmnfc o£ 
hiis ijit^p, qntitl^s his, Wof jk» opt th« H^firhof Cy- 
I ru^ ti^t the JS^Mcafi^ of. Cyput!« C it ^«>i»ob.d i a » 

I i(f let .1^. i|Qderib|id» , i^i ^he fk(l ;l9)pri3(&9na m$dfx 

ofi^'hipi in, bis Infancy, had:pi;odiiqed allrthe heroic 
]|ri^ fpr .wj^ichh^ wa3 aftef\^ardji^ fo-univoially adr 
. niii]^.. - ...| ■ . :;.!^ t . .. . ■ • . • 

''fiQVi(^Yct^^^n«/>bofif l\ai{iiig,l?RrTOW^.^olythQffl 
]rrip(|yjfks^,4if^^^i.«rhich, tcnii torjMpiire. Men 
.' . ^ with 

Digitized by 


more dnn Mmts and Lyeta^i 


Digitized by 

)y Google 

ArJrO.T&-M«J^- m^MS 

"K*^^"-.* i : fr •'»n.:'- i\^: r.'?.r r^^ 

^^^^^^^^^^ '■^^^^^^^ ^•^^^^^^V T^i^T^S^ ^^rWiWB WP'r*^ 

'^^Wf 1 . ^^Jw^^^^^f^^^^^^^^^ P*^^^^^^» 


He«i* b».-«f «i hjWiiiiii, l«t 

" irtii Mill in mu!k% tiimMf liiftg nf hw Tan 

Digitized by 


jhfj^alll&dgc^ ' federal Keajons yhicli agpeare^ to^^^u,-* 

:;ya ' - *' 5: fi A V .'' u 


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-I ft ,-.1 J>-ni.:.qnf. r:jirl« .nph-.--)^ '.^:'r^ -^'J-' ^'* 

n he perufe them 




2 Bvc 

Digitted by Google 

^t TJfeWonnsvJfte L^Anvz^ Art. 22. 

W d^ny himfelf a»tfilEifa«pei«Rliibili«ig %64xlft 
.Igi^fepf ,4b»«f«iir ij5*fc<«bii»tt bad«ia«ui(>Prttoiaf^ 

itcos btP«0»4<»tt|>r^^ 

i u^ dtLlTilkiii^ done t(rf<>' 

^mmmii^.&ilriasitaiidA>f.]\ <^i Alas !ng^ 

'mi»g willing. .«Ji'«Merab;kiotf«lf/qftSilqtftW ? 
.3,,. „V^ a;^*a>wiAft>bi'aiiWtew?whi«te tep6wd» 
t^*f^iy^fl|dJipg,^fe^5fl5teit.iD i^ >to6ibii€a«if» He ,ifi>X»f- 
bancKfefe^gM a^}^^Rj!finckle^Jt.of■.llbr^it^<toIsiBgfe- 

--.m'yffl»aWHiJtolk'to ndpofljioiflthifei MAejcr^^fAe 

9W H ^ ^ 

Digitized by 


ya^;4a iitjleiotJBWMfe'f of fiitB^si^Bfeft'lftcfiPEpifffes 
,. ggfljp^pi^Jteifeclrdm^uiiie.SttilhK gj^iimi$^( 

~m^, sit »iuJ3$ktinbie|i tkAi^SMpmM^^^B'^iiud 
.J)9flk,rpf]iaifeiM<rd»/nsiii^nft»Htft$l^ fiAstfg^gfflSoned 

ojT^sn^ tUMh, pr)flii*yJngcra«ttifetti(irn4Ht^ri!aucc<J 

-ji^ftegfrA^ .5<iy/»gj 0/ Socrates, and die Cyropadia, 

A* 3 we 



Digitized by 


Perfe^iom of GOD i «b #iVA i!A«i^ 3S051J 
V'BiW? H^'fi^iitfedi fremi'he Fihh^ t^^kSe 


Diftindipn by tnA nioft judicious Reaacrs, ^IwJfe 
VCH12 n^il'fee > thought .'^^tfiib Vainer iiMi-feypii^y^ 

Digitized by 


and in the Ciucions here ma(j|e» many Hiaw^^%?t 
nvaUe, which in the Original ace filled up ia 
a iiBuma ' , as, ifiiJoe&uotfljcugUi c u^ cuufeft i 

at leaft a Grace and pigmnf. upon the^Aigumenc 

Our firdi(^0tatioft iJ Icle&dT jfroii) ^ leoond 
Sermon ; wherein Mr. Mnneiby proves the Exiftence 
bf che Dekf fi^m^ the 4itn>W/ Md i^atiimil i^ 
from iiMi- i ' L9^ 20. --ir-i^ \ -/• v.^' v^./-\ 

\^,hc} andtbe^Athcift^, ip c^a^fmng thp.J^«p^li. 
' ^cnc?oft^&^r<OTe.^^i^.yyTj^ 

♦* Neceffity'i' they will ^dkhbWl^e'tobpt»tV the 
<< ^etefiial fetf-dxiftent iftoing Mfift t)ifc\^U«dy littQme 
*^ Stpity dk Caufe oi ^all ichings^Qn^pecbBpi^chey 

^f. .aijd.(3pnr<;\wfiKfs rrrrrriBia ai 

Thii is what Mr. Abernetiy 
propoled to prove 5 and this 
ftfipdir^hces in Natdre^ ^w^ch <:a^£i: '^^>£Sbiy\be 
^HntA bytiie fbfttuitous Or^n^d&i(y;0bbc/une 
4f Acorns, or any rude- ahd-uAptt^ardd >M^i4}^ 

' ThefHfft'hc; menuorts is' thc''ammaiLiftyU)f which 
lue'ifett X riui«berlefs Variety, ^^rr-^ '^^Thc-Stiti- 
^r^^i^-qf'^mm}] Bodies is' (juriofiWj ^'coirfiftittK 
jl: xjpcjPir^^ eiMjuifireJf ifirt^, ♦ *ad liioft -ttr^ftidiaiHy 
^ idi^ofed fori re^avinfi'I^oiil>iftittiietit4ttd<i graldoui 
*^* 'feici^aifef j> bitt;a.b(^ye ajp^ ptfee Fkukto<>f-jPeiv- 
^^^jjtiOry.^nd fporttartcbUi Wkitioii- ^re iij^ffer to' be 
^^^'>^' A a ij. *^ accounted 

Digitized by 


-^2 .o^vpia^^^ 'ptai^. 

.ifftiJt i^^pitt^q^ ia»Ah\^ 

lift Mi>^\ii(iii^!9MS^ ib^Eadft^ hasrbottngeAfc^ 
let' dtaDoiQ^adlddctolngsi^ maetetferlilHdder^ cP^-db* 

<< thiit no g6^e<alllih|s%^ tKltA^dhi^rti^llB^ 

^if8hmei6iu(ii^'f^ ofii >/in Va- 

Tio*iilSilftil r§D^tBNa^i*ftmft,as:«5rM difly^^ wa t they 
^l8lita«teo^p^j5D wcbftcbob fifffc thing J^siGciititirs 

Digitized by 


y into eafcb other^ fo it docs 09H(P|W^^tikflt^^ 

^.^i^^ Qfii»^iDiftiii&iwoi^tlir 
-^/^ini tiDl!roiiencR mithsnr cpicbnkin|c^riMft Kind^ 
fffnStmng^l chat iafemSLy^Gefcoib tfteoiiltaodkl 
.JF.jseiwdiaii^ bafipiqcd^aif ^HUxAiti mlqd^oiktf rtbt 
J^ wK^ FinTidcnee,,a}bJ4ite) «t:fl||todl !pU««^ 

^$^ Pi?mtiriaatiQn: w tfaellndividu^Hibn&Ifilriihdr 
.^.>..^Vif .wci^foccedy^' iBr||fee<iBQK ]^aoi^v1toncfi|iifidfef 

^'^ their MokJcs, in the i&iselUewi^itfpithef^^tiiQ 
fV:p£ the viTibld Wofld; aM ^tt^tOriglfPaAl t»u* 
;f>;lar. I?h>{n|MQn oFtbfe ii&fitiw^lCiwi^^ntl^t^ 
: f >tf w&fcbnudcr tfiqnrBnly iU: Bvidonicf t^|tt^ 
()§ gpi^c^lanf^i Defigd: ionmf P<^aftifi|(iiiiiti8yiai!d 
)^ Ja /Fbm (o the iA^giknent,' wfaudfi^ ^iMQ^^wodd 
r^ &nk^(houkfappctt t61airlati6fllive> 
3itf fiiligm: : |bc %^y it jqJu)>*mfi^ ^ 

! .^^^iJ^d.Hsidiflreieiic iA4ipihj\Sit\n^^;^'i^SisLi^ £sf^. 
v^Vfpontsmcp^k Motioo,J4nid^j&c>v0tiwr l^iiinis'of 
rii^ Amcahoj^Tc^^ in 

/ ftt}iihfeir;X^;i ekcB dadWdtt^K caiiafe'^fw 
,M 'kid:.puiiaibg-usvdwn^£AU^ Ufe 

:^:f*; jaf ii ftwcra ahd:pfcgaaiSj nuid itf^^fwif feveral 
:I:jr:)irribeiiwifpiring/togotfer ^^^^ p«)nHitt^ tfife'^cbm- 

** / Condition^a-cmifreV" much 4cA'5«bfit^^\liitF6i*feni 
; i^>i}]^. R^afon and Reflc&ion. the Tockl and moral 

' ^^ * ^ ' ""■ ' ** Affci^ions 

Digitized by 


i;4 n€'Wksik'k§f^&tiL}i;[4^%. i|«t.% 

<^' ASeftiofirwIierciridx^iKn.ife ikLdxed^^^gsihit 
M wtthltfaer Ibiprovmeilts^ iif dmu tti th« Ifiitirt 
«^ Sftetncenf imtnan iiife' add bdmati^^^b^iefiq^^ 
^' €aiTi|>rtheiidittg ^fo : rabdt' Order^ ^Gwcrt^^^,^ 
« «)^ virioto£ojfaytnenr f 'k dirifioti tfay, be i(ii^- 

- *^' •'rt«*is aV^tfc^V 3»iiln^riifontri*^ aridfeciuV 
*« liftl '.Ottter^^iB tw fenfiritc 1^ aif 

♦^^ iwj* •S'in^thimiatBriBl jWdrld,- whick HKlft'tf^ker 

^' pefi|iriir;rts Fb^;iMdoh; iili-' IH (Wrj' iife^ aFnimaV 
«< tfid racioro) Iiibabitatert)f'cfais?Olob^,'^eveb a^ri' 
^ * iiBporfinttiiJ Vitf^of thim ftparatd]^^ of tl*i^ 

^' Face of ihfe^wingrcVVc*ld, "(arty R«tt 'terdfra'-* 
«< 9;ibfoiE^fiBtdsHof BdigPv^lh^^^ W4nildii6d>^tji' 
•f-^iJllBf;; tn-e^eri't ^gt-crtler Ate&Btlii^^^-iaidi^ri^ 

^ ^tnm^ ibnorto aoodiuit far 'tlidrOm^^ib^lQf' 
*^-|h^ fOTlftJPiteii,nby:tls:'naarfl^ t>^>mfifidl^:fer-' 
H^,^l!^«tt^lJamti!e.of•AtQIin. r-'-' r--^ •■-'■•■~» ^^'''^-'"^ '"' 

d>%kwi;pdlnidligbncc aod:A in t^^nmik^^ 

frdm a more particular Confideration of theiijp^n-" 
cijfel A^pgpaif?i»ct»:of dhe.iw^nsatl^^ ^fl^iifly 

wiiaoot^ftjfac.ianimal M wbic^ inj inefts^iaW! is' 

♦^ ihifc^iimtfr iliiogsi atirefti T«scriMirflyrfcominqcf3b,** 

f* tjH *c^>«}c^.*lfii>ydd^bjr aj'FoiJa^^rdp^^ 

^ >6vto Pos*lMeof*<*farfre^ 


^ •dwngeiharPoflte'tt;, :bqgi^^^tamWe^lcwIl&lW«^ 

f^ Sti&dMrnitmite: tar^is^qBeaifiiOBi JiM^ 

Digitized by 


AV.f^lcQ(lt,i(i.fa[ni«ifth Afiitqn/'^ b the ^ibioce**Eflfeft dF 

^< t^r Impuife of «ficctt]ialrOtgedf9(6n'cMOn^ of 
%Ss^^i 9m ttt-'thiir Afioounothe Ta^idOKS not at 

^>(Obfixmtk»i«. :pib^Vis*cfii^. di^arirrcvS^^ 

^f I .^r4ipg t9> m eftabliihedXa/w^ by the ImptieffioA' 
fhrwbifibi^^ercadnlObjclfti'fmlQc Wffuu^^rjf^' 

.^fj.^ life A^iom irhmkljaur gbN^I iniiittu^ iwe 

*fev$lHJTodicr ,Patta<rf4)is fiodj?, by Aeifcl^'iCjpii.' 
ff<^ili9^itljiirftiit ^Utfixmi irtfboQC acimig biof idlt |' 
f^ fame confcious Self, jiri^iDbvia >icifiiiiiii^ 
*^^«*^to99ft4t^sii ane^.iaDadb/i]|)oo' ir. by'nsrjObgmifiie^ 

7t<Mr9!i|^ us jmi64'nt<aL^i^a^^a'^>Monkiiidltog^ 
fliivibatftdfa pdrd^nrtir, ^feS^ckisnitixHriigiPii^ 
fii4boYiitg;9ddi^ft^^by^& Volitiofnc^fftdm'tb^v 

^^.AaE ik&befaicivicth{iD:idbieF}i^^ o^vthr 

f.%(iMm(Mcohaadai,Q9i^^ ^iikkscfliii^iifHmd^- ' 
""^Mcabi^iDttjpip^ifU^ 'iopboBt^^rhi- ' 

|^iO|h:lat»iisaoii!an^^ Matteo; 'W^miateUi- ' 
v/^v '- *« gible? 

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Digitized by 


y Google 

Digitized by > 

<f • ing'aii'^ab'r' I^c>tfs>lde eh6t|^>if'«h«-tl>i^ ^ itciin 
>SiBciaoocbniedforiwitheue'^a^-'{)t'ii9^ Ifteelligenbe'W 
.♦• iMJ».r0ai*&;?' ^iJppofjiig,V'ihs&*'- cWcra fo' idfilWf^,' 

*< ^ui«^, oO'thew B«ii%'^d ^eir 0ii^efi'th4>£}i-' 

" a5u¥fti©rt% if fot(ft«gi;lW«>^M>itti 4il-lfii''ModeS'fa ' ' 
« fpnwill be-eei»viftC?#4Mi6'thi$^SoR»«)h'lif^fti." 

>t in tburioaeriqriAppbtfrahce^ C^ry t^^'Maiits'*6f '' 

:, ; ■■*'■ " *• Figure, 

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« other, butjd«aw,]ftleWii\^'SihJB<acoi.Ibtdi«a!oBcft 

JsijJiBL^ifti8.ftjop of.^njiJd^ 

iWSl» Xftinftcas -GQnScmfn^iJtm^ inifccdbiliUe ' - 
" «pveE^flli}^ha,we)3«>ighin46t>iW C9««rtr&MWj 

" -W'«tl|jKifiyjase Jn tl^e d«y ii^jA^o^;arittt jsifc? ■ ■ 
.t^iusi'L*'' ■ Caufe? 

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Digitized by 


-* ^ .'^K 

HtMfMd ;9nMN»Mii SUbni 

Mi^iMlhillMi in 4ytMWjMi<li 

l^ 4jt*d •* • l> In 

Digitized by 


«^ nfeydajC'iindtBc)': ^ftu^frovn^iie^^it&li^lJM^ 
!f' of t^ny4adtiD|ikr>9^i%y^j0i>- iif UIi''8w>&6«s 2b^. 

^^-jofiiitkp.tdi^iinii £^i|^})r^iSem>' e4u»l%-fi9v^to)d 
H hi&'Jia^liilat.fliccc^bie^i&tao^ 

fl* '&ebuatitl^^ifthpBi netteiu cfii^'fl^'^ 'bioiy li^n)| 
^.*.ltb»nfe3;i.M4fWi,^6j6iflajjf referdoof^^iiiii^ aBMite <tf 

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f^t^nyb^Hi^if^o -mM^BBt ^^fatdlcmd of Xkfm 
.*' muft be mctoDMi<ai B£giof»iag9ifl9&:i 

.|'b£iMleoi;nSsri tikij: oB^aiAfindddfiiidsYttieUijiCOiH 
ffoii^wbMoa> 3flliiQm>itdaDbttdE!ro|iofisi«Dn}(idntd^ 

ibnki«cm):i^i»jtehii$3l^P{a^^ pfm[iifl,3AiialclFM 
^.ii» di^QnigbucOt'.^iibbiWfw^l Md tbefen&ttCfop 

^ tiiiCMr^ vdiw' tiuc IntcilrigcDU W Inrfbrbittelpm^ 

^rtibrng-^^hris/mftiflbed rirbmiei^edafting/ianaijktt it 
^^ Eternity of Intelligence, JM*M^^%dl>it<j^9 ^ 

HRixtb^Cm*i<M •aitodrnT^gM%)«o«i:d^^ 
.VnCmki ei^4B^iig)'>bMrdwbait|ri)iiV3MjF^ 

4k)fdlrgencc isabfoliuely ctcrnaK ' 

B b z «*..BcGdes, 

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Digitized by 


W^>X^ ^dr 

AJO 3 

f every 

Digitized by VjOOSlC 

|6( •JKW^i^Y^rifc'lfe^ii'l^'t^. 4rt.¥^ 

••■ "ibe EJiittv Piftw■3tld-tH^Ste;'tbe'^«rhttl^ ktrri{ 
^ qudous'Globe'Uid the He^^eirsV thtrplnini^ ^i(- 
^ c*«»eri^Wifdfam''ih Ae'Caufe, hor ih«t^ Wrtfliry^ 
t« -exU^nee, Vfcieh ft abfoluteiifi-'lt^rf.-^'arid'Hiflrc- 
I* hka t<;iaiif thifig. •■ Ajg«in,' Wbt^hi;'iDJ^if which' 

^'B-»^t i^ecdKr^i UoJ* <#hertas rfitt Which ^fe'ftlf-, 
•»■ «lflfeirt'*ii' ibttformy attd %*5rfto(uc yiHktlort,^^ i>of; 
•« iWitt^idbAh'tbbe farihc^'f^dni' diat thWaiJic/ 

if'^t^ldw^i H/-attd'tHejrT«^irfcTii jr.i^'the' ftioft 
•*-prt<;irfi^us,^aHthJt^sV fh its ftebw, 'Foi'ms, ' dnO. 

•^ tihiihgea ifbttralily f ixfifertnitlvthat'tV" fi) ft ftlf- 

•^^^(ta'fctilitthttrirf'thti* -State bf Motion <Jr ^^^ 
<» tS»% bt^ajttfeif W i'f\ijtfe imbrfeftetl ddilr'them. 
^ ^** .|»i* <fl^;'Bal^'M«^ter; -the Inrioft 'pafll ve ' and 
*.* tet^ih-1«''Statev' tnSrtiwty'diiHliWe, 'djififfoofided 
H t«nd-df(:6iAfcfi6id'}n=itii^ filing:' htS^ing'nb Pd^cn 
■ « bfe'tHii-WUfii!»aiJ«ityi^.h«y'oTalf 'tftlifera'the'fi^ 

♦^- tlWifettj^Tlf B%aert'brr^aW^hWnd^^ that'tfi^lfe-At- 
«-«lbtiftij felfJttcMct.'^ritecffary fijtiliente.Jn^ 

f^** feiVitt^'iatf iWc'p&tal5lb^<?bmit!xfbrt-WitirAyfd^^^ 
•<; ^efaltyn 'ahd' •Qbfefe^rttiWe-&F 'tHbfe rtmlgS^ v^ich 
«'teve-*eenfet-tf^ihiG!b^fdn', li^y^'atfj I'ltle 
<%• 66-«&^'J2 it^ Wtttains^pt-tKiY ^t?4tte^Wf^''*i(?ai; 
♦l-WraHt cGMraaefe Tof^^bit • fddrtnii!»MiTOB'fl|ent 

■*< ctfemal, and-^te'fi*ft'eattfebfairthm#'"-'' 

c-'AndtHtrifAiffcafeiV ^WfTirfly ^dfii\^i!i|«fd'J?Mb- 
JWtiti EKahH^;i'li''(Wcltin^iabfefttfs:;:\«*"'A^irtil^ 

<« fcrfcdions ot the D«(y, wc cannot 6ttf WvicJh^' 

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•*« civcfi ufK^ hif P.wa, Wil|^ al^,Af^^e2b-i,j^ 
<« |roTO |w other Caul?,' ,ttit iQp!^(^iq^hj^J|i||(MO 

•«f .fiblq .ih^Qy /ho»4d,>cv?r ^gafc tp bp„-^i^^w»ily 

rJ^cb ,^ HoJjncfe, Go9dncl6^jH|lscjua»4^^»a* 
«f, (pity,, «rc 0t" fomcwh^ ,a aiao^^po^?gi|M>iv 
'**. an4 ojar W?y of Thwjfung^'gjfejH^g's^^,^^ 
'^♦^ not, lipd ua to the f^m Hpq^pu' of it^ajrjj^^i^^j^Rk* 

."•, (SU^Udc ^ but •« carj-i«.p'i| |yp9fWf|BCft iMfJi •• 
*» jn jp)>rlel,v^ apd other .iqH^uu-.^oi^ ^a^K, ^c- 
'*« . compajifed' with 'Cf<miiify,ioii^^ii\f%M^ 
V How ttan n^ral P^e£^<^ fl^^i^Ug^^^ifuil 
*^ . to any Beings alway* (iec.h,^Pi^M^^^hn4^ 
'K, pei^dinjg-QD .the \^il^*' an4,y^;,fi>iniScfeja8 » 
♦« b^aBfoluKly.ifl)in«ray?i .^jiiljh^ «>fid@t» 

-■"ii lVMqd<jl9.thfit,we ca^iiq9t^8cc}Ount.-5HU,^9BaF*>» 

Vfi#MiF5»nife' hiiHott^sr Amihm> :^Sfsmh 

hiaruv >» » D 4 1 nere 

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y Google 

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to J^iifc! 

iiiiiffc b 

^ninm^sa " • " «c Principles, 

Digitized by 


**• and Pcr^lrf<!i»c(s? Ti»<^r.^*i<?'^«:^>is ^*Qt'^ be 

•« our %«, .^,l^*i^e«-s,g.P^ft(aic>rt;ft^ibfetfi*nd 

V :y«^ ^•greatef,|>t!r{rAipn;.|p .Cftfrrpi«(e« i« 8»Sg') 

V batan.isirfqrttt, ^ratttaWe^HCPpfcjws E?*ft«spc^ 

^« theCbaradld'crf'the Deity, v^hich raifcshtm high 

**■ in-<atf Efteem, and iotltks him «o that-Nanac, 

"** which A/o/Jj fays he gaVehimfelf, and claims as 

*« pecuHariy itxl^girtj |$ Iflms T A^ti A h a T I 

•* AM." — i- Again i • 

' ,v^* ■Ck>dr.»rt(^)itt:A<totrf<fiy-i«i:.vasdbiM^ 

»« tobto not^)f ij his^JEfl^^ ^ lA JM^ ifeil^fes. 

j**^^r ana Tenor ofMDondudt, from in abloiute 
'* Perfeftloh of Knowledge, and an uni^ii^ble 

.Hi I 

■**•' ' 





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♦*iy»»< '/*fe'fi%/-W^J fifNjJ^p'f ait' Mf^t^hmlkue as 
^' /Jb^tl^^'i Kii AtiAMfr4Rlvhk!> fi>1s StfvMti ieH 
•*> o(jfKtk!Wd^,vifttl(>'hoMJl»)f tcniSckilSit iti hh Md-cv 
>*ttnd 'FrithfttJflefti^^ is,? if »W»^»<^ ft«rjf 'dh-'^tb 
t*i!*tt3 IH ^iW !9tt}\ 'SllTliflis- ire^tqually lo "hf^ 

»« mfcnable Dtfirts )6F aW th^ih' <&ac fear him. - * 

j.!;|ir. ■•u. ;--:•'•- .■•■.■•■• .vi:-'i .-l' "•'-;• •'.:■■ ' •' » 

ii 2fni/;b !>':•. .■•■ :Urn\ '>^i.p, "^-^ vO •■ A/ f' .•'-/ 

i T * H A :-»r T Jf'C Ji ©•.^••X!5HV.' •■■••:'■' 
^Ma^iietv amt£u(MtST^$be9,otmrisc7ranJi 

f^j(l^fi?«a«tivc ie0««M was toi&aea m Violcnjce, 


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•* of Rule ubaaV^«ittiiii^<Ma|i^Ok 
MdAlBltyiaviKSeBiiqaiM^ tiffesiMfiyc^ 

<fi3ftroil9ciy aBi|i&3eb^tir(»ari#i^#£pmWl 
fo dnglqgsiitaiDl the Sttfkm Jmk-^Wi^<&&m\ 

« ing hec6fta9oi£d^l»iM'bf>1«99(Jigkfjl; 
th &^ jHiq^s^flndnfeuMdtMeiiftS^ iftfti c^pvs 

*is)M9-«niiEB|Mlxtfibi!lbiWe^ -^ 

•* a fierce and obftinate Courage, and her nfflfl^ 

VliiMt9lriqffi(BriBid'««Acn9vf3t9i^ri|«>^^ ^^pem 
iHAlSer: Si^neURBaa£nhltil-il>dfti^i^^lfi(«.Yi«oifi 
iAh\mm\Hmkika(3i&fki& isiei^aMf^ktkP^^lSi* M 
«Vi4b^i99da^bc:iu«lBiah»4mli(i»^J^d(lt^lF^ firi^ 
VvniMoKasibbteftibe fandnsi i)|f»E>H!Jbl^^} 
«niiKn#iteiir(itfae«nei> Stqio^ m»<^# fltKr^ 
VNfikittUi lrflbiiaMd:>i]6«kpd8rioite KKSf^ 

ml6mUL ^« by 

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mKezSmmOaH «nbeqit#«W 

^ancblft !f9lM(yKnim||d9B9ki>lingi«l 

^) t|MH4Mni«l,bMiMMMifl9(lP9>ilib ftjfi^ ttt 
J*!!^ (fiMyr f|tHi|oU^fiMimlKiit9 tf 

narf bnfi .agsiooD sJBnifldo has ioioB » »* 

»(i » Mifiiften 


Digitized by 


MlniOfaeitcalnfteljgaMi iiiamdftifiiigi«mt4MtiBi 

«riietwniic*teti})^}ikther . tdga jB^nw^ >«r«ti 6b(ig({di Mr 

B{ife(^M}|c.10^dte-&tifiiftr»iOfiitofbl4Q^ tQlili^' 
Soidioii) maiiucp < deMy the ,fii^i:S|tiMti LrEij^tiriiROdi 

»ided each C%^ i)»toa certain liniVBlh€k-9fi6ftaiitm» 
afwitttk ^'IriadeflmAbtoBiiitMi, ihfc wMtfl^^b 

and^t ji. ftve^^»ii^:Vhhdtf t^l1#^ 

C'w A remained 

Digitized by 


inoft numerQus, S0tvit/t made tc but enoidpfetSuvj^;. 
4i«ivit()iiigl«)httvb tlk loft -dhalf^lastMi ^kffidii of 

nmi0!|c^gMfyV'th8iQtiMtiir wtMrrtt^ii^yatifipdj, 

fiHEac^i>«fft)Sir.iiibi«tifaM.lhde dUitent Sifttiboti^ 
Mii^ iiHdi^viNa>Cb»^^fri)ictk( W»Jfl|ad«vioitth«bi;' 

JibMl«Mijota9(riaiih)AtbKlai^ c^ 

Digitized by 


The firftfiook ttcm iimMAHmmff^^^ 
TOicsofdie £MMii X30diclei!cdfi3i«^ 

TOtc Life, The firft iCfaj^wr ofcliis T * ' ^ * 
«s erf" the RinuM NanM%4»d the Tj 
chem : Of the ncgifitriflig ihe Airthti 
Of Adoplfen ; Of the M^hod cf Eduooltaii tr ^^v 
: "WithT^mltotbefirft oftbefeoor J^ttti^^ 
quadncs u% diat. ^^ tbe Awmaln, c^ccfaJtf Hfiirtr 
'« of DiftinaiOD^ had uOiaiJy ihree NMiet, ^mtM 
»< fometiftes foor, when the; had beeo artlfiiuTt 
!« The fifft Name, or P r^em m mu ; the /Mm^ w 
<« that of the Family fitMn iiJiidi diejr deftmddft^ 
<^ and die Copmmen^w diatfao^ar n thrAriMk 
<« of a Family. .^ The Romm Women had tame w m 
«' Names* ^ Toa Son they gave the timm^^iitit 
V Family on the nimh Diy aker im Biinhn^to « 
f Daughter on the cigteh.«i«^Bat the ^Pntwijariw 
«».was not given the ioraiertiU he Mok^tketfig^ 
**. imtii^ which he waai^fwrmiiieditd^d^tehMe 
^ the Age of feveoieni, nor to the Dmi^nets t^ 
«^ their Marria^.-— Donng Ibme tun^ theWo*^ 
*^ men had alfo pecidiar firft Names^ which went 
^' wrote the wronqgEnd imwarda i £v InftneeC 
«^ and ^. reverted fignified^wiitf and Mdmim. ^hk 
«< was a maimer <tfexpfefiiiig the fimiiniaeGdcidor, 

Froceis of Tinie 
^tera, the .Name 
alone, and^^bine* 
w^ as ai>fl|Mi«M> 

IsfiMir and Jir* 


«* ifedr 

Digitized by 


^vtfc^iSaS^^ ^rn^rnen^ and the A^^awf or 
-fitu^tftriMT^ti not theC?(5e»i^i,.iu> 

Jpsft(|i^^im^ tlieir own Frmomt. 

^tJ9^i^ttb^ an6t1ier Name which .wa^ vskm 

^rXfeS^^i^f^the-^^ are* the man^ 

^jfff lofbUvtog in the primitive Ages of jK(?/»^ ; The* 
J^cation ot^eir YtSSEfi pfl>oth Sex« : The iewr 
Incfs of dielr 'E3f#s : J\:! Commendation of their Vii> 
tite-.. Their AppHcaffon to martiaf Exercifts, . 
. Imidyi ttlJt-d GhapSer we are told of the Roman 
JEloqaehcc : Of the Oifigin of the Profcffioo of A4-: 
jjTDcaces: Of the DeCline of thfe Sciences : Oi the Ig^ 
•orance of thefitrlier Ages : Of the. want of publick 
Schools: dftheFalhion pf Writing: Of the Form 
irf their Epiftles: Of the Moderation 'oif^impi^^^ 
Mxdfiienus^ with rcgarcf to Title; Of tKejPride 
ei future Emperors and Senators in thw refpc^: Of 
tfefi PoUtenefs of the Romans : Of the Place pf Ho^ 
nouram6ng them: Of the EmperQr*s Mq^e^of Sa^ 
luution: Of the Rcfpcd paid to the Ladies, and 
the prohibiting them the Ufe of Wine. '.,1 

,Oar Author has extrafted his Account of^thc. 
Manner of Writing amobg tUo^R^mans^ fn|(» /^/i- 
ny^ Dion C^JJtusj ind Smtonm. He teJU;uS|,,i". dbey 
** ufed Tablets, made:6f the Bark of aTra cut ve*^. - 
^' ry thin, and 
^^ upon which tl 
<' Bodkin/ that 
*< occafion whai 
** Bodkins were 
** lifed as D^gj 
*V They alfo ufi 
*'^ Colours, yeH 
**'th€y wrote yi 

•* Reeds inlfej^ .^ 

**■ fame Ufe !.( 
*^ 'yelled Pai^yn 

Digitized by 


§y9 lS6?W§Ri$V^;Sitfti(^'^ Ah.-'it-^ 
•s 'obr rpagifr, did' -^i^trf tid(|ftMin«,">-^J8rf diii^MKie. 

•^'wtt2:bi!hei^Tn»<fc;'B(jekH ft* -aid F<frM><)l«©lliy 
^ - which>&ey-BnFoll«d>'is')tHey reitd; iAdP^\M M 
•• IJfeaF «r «bll-, ' F&kmU. ^^ef^^^iW^fthm 

• tHe Emuerowj ihar'fetH fey,+^fel!f-!ti«-aHw,w«l> 
*< ;wbidi «ach-figoi6«d-»iW64-di-'- WM ^si<In*iefi!i 
«< tion, *irhich is alcribed to Mecenasy the Pifeal 
« fiirofji^ra/?»i, ttKyWi^t^Ait ^ii »$-«!& f^bl:e^ 
•» andcouW foltei* the'tiidft YapidiDrfcciarfe. ?,r"nn'3 
The founh Chapter ttta!«i(tf'th<iuR^^»<tiii^tsV 
ds • the '%«; ttte Ptmmi!, ArCSW^iit^k,' 'thi' 

P«5«&«e««i*»,Vthemfllttr]^ V^frrftewsJ Hit jU^e<)f 
Lirniin, ofGwdleS.'ctf'the^CbloarJ'^^^.'ehftii'Bsrtiife:' 
crfdie Rarity of 'Silk, S??. Jj ''"• •"■•■•■'•'•'n v-vr'? r-r-i- 5- 
Our Author notes, that in the carlicfME^tti^^d" 
iewsw^ Habits were fflSi6«iQ:ihtytif d^^r^t'$k^?of 
Becb,.'tar<wl)icH fooe&diU cOftrfe-^ <^«idn(» "^SMs,'! 
which ihriy impwvAi awS" rfadS' «il6f 1»:ii»io(S&ftcrf* 
time; rEMi uutter^iiKJft ef' the* EiftJitiieffS, Wo^if- 
other. " Sbliogibmi 'IHW* ?l!b«';Brft'Elm^aR)r,.?«i!htf 
had a Robe made entirely of Silk, which was Chgiir 

crikd Hobfkfm^bi!mi(i'm)£t&m^Mm'^ eofa- 
try . of 'jy/wH ^whidii we ^ine'i^lWifei. • S»bf W^s ^ 
feared iflfthqieitiheui^ tbat^~it<p^''lUld'>fef!fe'W^igl«! 
in ■Goldi^»TdvatSv«::tfifty^am'"afWf i ^ il<*-itl'' 
Price not diminilhe^j 8j^'iffeWi^>i*s'3ilft#fet5tty'My' 
Wife5^whii)Kbfily^dyfi*«d'Mft^»^ iirffc 4«Sr*iR&l)e 
eBdrcly«o5^iiJ,' anddy^ y2isU;^l6rn'Me»»dftffed' K»>- 
widiffayiti^i '''"If^^llecWJfefaV fi'otft'VjWuil^^Tfii^*^' 
•'-and J^A'it-^ ^feftttfFM.^-'^lfhfe'iEiT^iieii^ 
wtjfalcthbt ««aif:a^.Rdbee#Si1tey"-aAa ^JhJys^mtt- 
itriHjfpiei;'Whetta§'b|(bli* th^We^^ffe^ftlffeeifftiitttd'* 
t<y'^carih:^ eotoi6*(i-^^'\ *« l^vmA ad) iltj '* 
r--rn '-• ,. s J The 

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ApB*§>«^r:OrTiawflts -ofi'the: HmMs^' » df the 
diflfeWP^Wfl^'pfrStttff ttey afcdi t)f che^Hwd*^ 
drftft i5^i !ihe{ ;Mcit } -^ of >tbe?PO)iwkr - of ©old vntk 
M^iMfhi<bftyrft«rt^^ dltir Bm^ys of rfwr^iIfeHair 
afl4 A9r«' Jc«d((5,Vef ^/djffiritm HM^^ite of the 
i?^iW(>«lLfcdicSi/of ^fe^ PtBdmts* worn laf die ^Sary 
b8|frr:()f->^ ftjtwand WWncbf^^^ other ^ 

Jeiy^J^ ^Hi ,'c^- . ^\r 0* l-^rf- N, .:''•• .i '/ -""^ '• 
Tbfr Si9m0m ^ iHifiiAwthar?:edl^ ««>«: ')die*Bej*J» 
ginning .$f^fthtA CHf^^iWjf -^VmaniiwflturodfStofej ^ ift^ 

^l.lin wWcfc there vw«rt ^^pc^ ^^if <5pldv iStlk^ an* 

^* -VhOT ^'Miff>ii§t»t^nw.: t<> fpttlfr ?a8idng,.thwBa/ 
^* and they madeufc of it inHmititten^^itto Pto«-3 

fxrq^l^ir t^Khe^ Km^tt; ^AtMmioil.dfoh03r^.id^ 
f^^ tbf^rif^^v^^n^b^ ifeeir {^BwJtjrr;: thc5r:SHe> 
Teschi ^afA'tWf TcftlcJi:flbcfciif!^ fMailners'af> 
dr-^fiR» vlhsX^?, WWPtfr' ^N' iiftweri**^ !j not rfchcdr 
^^, vW^ jCftcif/ 'goiHig J»irc-fw)«^\ifi|^^ Cttid earlier 

a^;>Q^a^<«8 : .I«^r«^ly^ ia^ kbid^f Foft'is "mcn^ 
t?pl^yvii#«Wedby;^«^^^;fpr >eh^ Coo-J 

vfjaiswft 9^ Int^HgiwjceffrpfnHhr Elovfcnoesjfisarc . 
li^^fei^gfta^'W^yfAQd^Road* '■ ' ' . ' '; 

k«W ite»i^9k«)nc^tejngitlM fo^bdure qf l/ftnwr; the 

l^%<:'?n^f|d|ver»Jnft«p^ ^.' ^ 

.-.'j^ nTJje.Xgjey i9i;j/2/^9lPi2%s^d^flAuthof^ :»4illf the.. 

*<f.$il»e?Yr^ftjirw!a«{)t#qf«ft)j«h^jllS^ ? 

*> and tin the Arrival of PyrtfbMfiAW ii(it^:':tM^4 
-^rir Cc 2 " Houfcj 

Digitized by 


•i iB»j«tdJJia^(iBfle ajidei'^He 'fir ft^ Brnpero^S* ftftir; 

«*-.-3tonb tei*b«eii 6ef*tti T» adorn - the«»,'iei«ery" 
<t thing' nMkftkoriQGid »iKl> Vbl6aM^ wto'Cfed ^ 6ild« 
»*-io§i Paiwiiigi, Ivbtf V fifle Woodsi 'pfecioUs. 

*^>i|i^«r- the 4<0iw«t>' Afi^tfttnents. M^6 ekher^-' 
*« laid M*bl6- <«• Mbfkic--'#6rk. i— When- ilwi' 
«4lCbiii«non!-Weakbr Wo«f utKe height of' its Qrtak- ' 
*( Mrfe,1ilieHi^iB&of th«!priDcit)al^ ^rfods' weivlaid 

(«^ Was tt4iin3- tif' P<>rtitd> ttpptmed hf 'Pij^iarfr» «lid 
«*.jnt^«d:i!d fh«i}«iF^he>Clieflts-fto«A the .Weath(!r« '> 
<* Wi^:«a^' Wp.tbe^M^itiftig^to ftsy^dieSk* Dutjrta' 
«< their Patron^ The Court wa^ufuaJly Jtorobnded' 
<f'^Mith'#lig^itif Ch<Mhl^s,'^»t opened ktio For- 
*<Qido?S;'^ jAitithdfintrsihtiiPe^theHoofe'was fi la*ge> 
*«'iHitlH ti(}«M<i:\i(i^ die 6taMe6'iti<'W!akv Silvitr, 
*«iBiJ^ Kfet^ky :«fi^Ae^ GWliiW'sj Attclftol^ ■ With^ *^ 
*' Aoi-c* Actotfrt- df'thfSfr feneatdft- Aa«otw.-i-ii-'All . 
« 4:h(pf4o«fii$iwit<^of'C«vo S«o(-itii; ^hoUt'tnclud*' 
*^ i«g fcfi1W>'fii« '<nPb6te6»* AiWep- tfefrifit^. •'■ XXx- 

** ing-rooms, and on the< feoond,' the fiacih^-: 
*i^'H&m'Si^ fhfeil»iH(^ts?«f,the'^mi»W'. ^Uis. 
*'-~tilf llhWet'l^w M'iCblftttties W-er« ^^Atti^' 'B|»d> 

** •■appeaS-«-'l«>«s^Vt;i^/-tfM«Jthtey fektdffi^Ml t^ny-^ft* 
«« the Apartments} but-^ttt-fupply-'t^le^iWiht <tf ■• 

A •;ui.Xvfe'a«i''ftiii' irl^IghoKihcA a*te;>whatt'the>'i*dl^ 
*On i^iif ^ndowS} *5<r ^rttSttgthtf'felgM -iBloi 
^'^ ^•k6mds,\'A«fl xB^fecepSut thfc lBJWiiM>f ifhCi'^eA-' 
i' ■iRd*:^I«iwas {whips L1itnenHitlflth>, "Of'fetti»S»fi^ 
** equivalent to «}• 'Foftt^oertafiFH'-^VJ^tefewa*^ 
«f jMe^ iXt^fi6v«>fi tit thKno^-^-dtat ^dV-^^Miiufi^ it 
r:uH £ a J «« Grandure, 

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«' Par* of the ^.(|«(«v-77;i,lw; nwnjbirlrfUfcciflhW' 

/■'Wic #J*y«p* CI|«pwt-i<J«ftr4Ja^. tbft iCffwafliwet* 
Qf^«ttt l^tf¥rJkc«i>a94RtlnMiAi9<i$W|lpt«^th»f(f)r&> 

ISMdft^«rt(h « C0BfWFi(0nTt|»twrA»l||«ri#-49lffed 
^-jiui.i:.^iC ■' C c 3 Hot 



ed by Google 

<" There wt:M^ieN^liik2Siddri-$!^')£^fbdU (He 

-AtcnM^iky^ lMw6h2iMahi^6otniia'M6rcȣb t^ ra 

The Arcs in which theri/l^ii^iifakatddiMia^ 

--HrriMvM; nirtAuftop fi^p ^<ok^^l)^ioiiklrdcn the 
^Mn iyvWludt]ifii(Reifbfb«Qiwtdc^ >«faal^\tb^y 

,r^ilM(irefirtdrHop^'^vitorv, raQdc!<schdr Idifit^s 
f-^jdaltUcfti/Affn^ftc)! the /Di{I^K3d^^()^rdiiroftrerv* 
,}f5fi3cl?afcato^& huifesSi Figdres oeariBbdn^^e ^krger 
n]^r>dm?cbs]BkBdidii^ rct^ 

rR^^pedlf eUs jWbflroism To 

r * ^{irev^iEls^^ Iki^b ioid ji^«of -tentbe- ©efigfe i that 
h^ faNferiMiotadbcqiiritf ^c)te'Gt>i«^^ -fi^^kn and 

A^uHoforttiaoiam D&k^ faf'fm^ np^rin^ico wane 
iL^: APCi}nfl^4sioMr3i^^'bQfid8s1hcr£le^£^ 
^^ &K^rxfi^niiAi&>jQ(b Fibpovdon^ iMt ' tfibj^lidve 
.>\\\tii^fixaifilie6t^^AiiatQiity 4' whiohr^e^riikermtn-e 
^itioMmti}tj^9^Mit\m^Rwm^ iiad feui a' v«;y liiviper- 
.^'^^i Aftoftfl)wfclJge <rf:3tiSatiSiiehcii/ ' >Bo0 ib'^Si^to' be 

v^;6ollcoei^fhadJfdftr!&ec^t Sftiewif-Xd^rdiii the 
~fi^iJl^fadiAerswa^^.@ladi^to^s v^c^ .^ma\kfi^g 

.4^:jteiiiJapqabinttti/Si«^ -xU litfi'^igfererii: iwterter 
'6h MAt^dhsddf^iih4. I^^fole^ ^nhd riOr^atts ^ 

r|< •fe^wd^QveiTi^iiifittac^iaiSaheoli^ '- 

: 1^ SraAi i£fiDiheiiiilcg[mi^^ 

which ha^e been found^ w&^SEd^atiKfiedl^if>hdi&-' 

/i) 1)tF^ ItNkw UsiMO^Qom b«ob<^ftc|iiii(ei atid)6iMd 
-Book, ^e are to rf member -^he Aufhor is a Funchman \ and 

Digitized by 


^< ing ignorant of the Art 0f ^ftttMii^iirfgibtl, 

b':^i&haittr7thi)7f9iifitteml>((gitfcsiriw*3^ii){^ Ae 
hSiiHftiibS^firichQ''rj{(^i0yM<S[ett lefefed JMfsijkrlfiMri 
itHfij£fa3trfl4)C'Shu{)tbid(Hibfitf ( Jim€i'^,iCaJt4mtitt 

i^.^^'JimUm nmi!&<hc(¥<ftrdbf9iaiik«A;iberM« 
.^^ ti6ilibrtflr(i(iAdi|o'Cqiifift Mif i AfUBfi ^Mllnl^ 
-^riMud^ ikf0ervaf4s^te6nmd)dbblMa» 

'^ ing ierti^^hogtn ,WHlv<^^0ir/y «Xhb'»Difirifi6t), 

-^ e6 <9-eafe43rror8^ ^ivbi^)9 9Wfi«ii6ii/2K^tortmedy 
^ >Mknthe Affiftatad^^ ftHe fiinMnHad^^ 

^ f $ 4)e9txl4^ ^ittsh iQbdertwbhn^ But 

^ihJgMas-'Ck/ar^ 'bQCftiiftMdloretiKtef>rurH6^ ¥i6- 
^f ^niaining- )tyierf''YnfipvhiMtmt^')^iiD^^y^ 
. .^^TfiHiiph/ii a *amrbKEN^^;^.oritiieotjr4fouri Hours 
^'oacUed lio^feach ieufthrTieii).' T^cfiifeitetirioil 
(^^ i)Hchb^9}*)def, mnt^-^hifib thcrVesiDalled ^- 
M.AM, ftom:3WMi€Q0yS«hii6^giiry 
(^ifire ^ffn bckftt the Cimftftaiiatfi^Ktloisife 
^'^fiidlnfirhe ISirctil«Gifisini.ii^.>6isChriA^ oM 
'< fifiaac^faiftBifdij whidif^^lpc^ 
ftVidbiiHremB tHl5dKd^:^ the 

v^ F*i«idlittor:of Z!^ r- : *v -. 

In the fifteenth Chapter, our Author has fome 

' 'flightu<T^cif:M9'0ii> «iiO' Olonds, wHidf Jurtri the 

; ITJhiW tor - PAymeAc df . Brt)te: He then ^ l)rt*fly 

;' tteat's of ^Ulury j In^refts 6/ Mqnieyii Bani^^eifiB^ ; 

the Great Place, or F^rum Romanumy ^^tVfih^l 

.V *^ ' '^ Cc 4 fof 

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MJkft^://4l<|!l»erW««IHIItC<iv5.:a//J i)l3fi.r «..••■' 

>.**:Jiiltvm:pikf,Vh^ m» x§<*h^»f^inim>«igSt the 
**• Mdfiftsd fife itR.imA^:9ffi^mfim5'&mfs!i9sm- 

*• to fay, into fiXB«fr:fi^ili<.twlwsbji!»prR.,i»,ite*ft j 
<*'>I1«g|ibtMiutf/eim^iIilciieftr , Jib^iil^ i^lwMr 

**^««ritmifoi<to Qigititx drijaiM iwhfiso-r ieui^^ 41)4^ 

^':iaja!mvm»/'9mi «fti1|Un4f9(i»«Kijti«f9t|^i^QII(^9f'> 

** j?«»-<«» ; . C- • = • . ;.; ;. r ; ..-^ -m oi bA »-^ 

f* reduced. It will not be improper to give the 

■^ the Weight of iotm oi which it, will be ^fj^ifei-i 

" know 

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«« lea t held twenty^ iiMjM«^jev' Thi» \j^fkord/ 

"ij^^/^iiuiMitidthe Weight oi«n FoMdMriftt' 

«♦ $yld. -- v.u ' 

>^«« thi«qtittiftdbfti^vft} dutt dMNieiwt«e«in>icJk]darof 

*ut#ilteh.hJM twJceasfOMGliastfao^odKf <i¥k&aQ«ta-' 
** »iiit»P^M«Ariu\vtfigtodc«<^ Ouibtt. >Thtfi#ft<' 
««.^'/^ H]<»hiailfMd''cWd>i^t<^4JMil The ^^nivius' 
"•eofttalifcd hto Cjj'tfAhr ud «» Iitl^v «iPhv>Cj4Hrl»/ ^ 
««"^ii^-fuMmdcd iteotkhtv-iflMttef Mc4^an»,^abd<^' 
t'-'Orhidital} Auchdvt tdo)MXa|FW; - -■ ^>n. .'.i v >* 

« 'OMicev as'4cdoe9 to^ikisPay'ftt Sbm49 hMnHknt' 

« &}d <to')uV«< iwm -ileMrki^bf -JtdiCttt'aii'OiiiUMii i '- 

-Tte rkvQ^tAMb Chi^Niy dfonftiiAcc^nuit eiche*' 

fpeiek» -OP f h^ JitikiiM Sbiveev ' chein CMfci^tiMnt,' 
and the l^tewwatfio^Aefcr-igflfraiightfta^MHlrQ^ Ac*' 
putMfe t»{:FiiMditwyjtet>clwir<MiiflirstbOt39iw:%' 
AaAioiJi:'<il^thePaanMkiMnti«ii^rtM%i4s.2!' !i m " 

f< ~(«iAifi«itti itME KutabMriioff hU:Sl««ti>-4iamn«wf)r- 
««^>«i ^ibMetiKMy; of «rt<om msAi ht<d'«bonf« t^itanijr ' 
<vvlhb^4rtd jtyMs-Servke. " Th«)r «tK diftingwflied ' 
«' mM ChtM Sdfts; Tliofei«iu> 4iKd 'bBea ^ttkttn Jn"^ 
4(.if^^(^^iwtr« 4(rfyiliifr ibid' byi^AudbiT) ticatk ' 
««>bttiftbl'^fvD«A(n8,iwh(y«ifittted> fwiihemin - 
''^Mfltttm-^'M^'kiflly, tjKyfe^boNi i»-dteihMftft9's ' 
«< f)bQl^i/c#>F;iiliit««mr MbtlliK'tiMU^^ ' 

(< ...^ As to the Slavd, whom the Dealers expoftd to ' 
" i8il« ¥ t)sie(MiiHi£ft.^ititt.Garried a Gatrlaml of 
«'3Ff9WaiJbn th^it<'He4d4 YO (hcwtiief wnv cobe 

leftil^^'tD^ so i; V. ; /;-., ^, .-. . ... ■■ :•- ' 

wotjJ ' . « fold J 

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%Jhi4'p qtbors »,kia4M Ip4p ok J^aCy,.9rHi^ilisnt* 
^^ , fiedjt^t th«.Sdlffr MwMk not «ari!9Mthei^..'|']|e7> 
*^.C9riki|,.a,Spn>Ie,J^qgif^i At /Cheir.,i|{p(^!i>n 

•? In^rjxuyej^.. yiwws .»pfl rllWla'. were ifppci6fld, 
" . Xhprie, ^^.Mfp aW)C^r-5iW * Thefc \»fp6 .thpfci 
•♦,. \^|»)0i Jx^ <$[c^. .ciil)^(£4(i|-^KMi>^^«^' volMntsn-i* 

«j <»4j;>4(^ ««t,bifl9nap,.a/'S^v«<)rtiH/fhef4;»4thi"X^ea' 

*-.0!>kiW 6^^ ofi* Ppi)ti)r» if % iioDiMV.Citizen, 

<«, JD%(^;|</ i£ tbe<;;#i|or»r7rr~-.Tbe Makers bad 
*t .^QCIfriCf ^iL^,An4. PcailvtWflr aU.tbeir 3laves, 

«?, fet^ ^TbHf <WPP b<wef ep igfguiadqRs % , mode- 
**, »tmg that Severity, aiuLcbocbing tbcVicilfspce- 
•*, a?d. C(ii4^.flt d)nJMaflifrs,t^«vlMcli(fw«ifl,ithro' 

I", Sl^ysffWiKjVo^llii^cwfliDf. wtrn thcy-,1^ 6i?k,' 
«».;p^ ,^/.^4^^nr ;,,T,hpriB.«h8y,VTei<vilpft5wi^b- » 

*V,tlW fivei;y:fi^fe/^lavtt.jafef«dQMcl^.J|iJ5 MaftPr» • 
^* ft4>ftl4/bci4i85lap(9dA46j,.yh5jit lv;.r?fi?)«<ai^ ^t^ 

•»., pr^ai^;e,tMt,C¥WKi¥8ftlC) ^(^9 ^o^Jf^iJ^ilt^"" 

f< ^Tj^Mnau i anc) oecaufe the Laws permtc^ed, 
"" ^ ♦ <i thai 

Digitized by 


'e'tJ^iC^orn tb fficfe6f^them;on}y-a«wfere^^it- 
*^' ncCtesol theMurdi4r\ bnhi mlglrthaare pt^vent^t," 
f**';A*i-th'*- Wave Riiiircii^tsf fold rtiert-kt a thiicli 
«f 'h}gh«^Pri«,'afcco«irtff'l!6?;the Tslcttt* they pot- 
«• ftlTed: -ttfey wete ii'ei^^ InSoftfipBi to Ihd fach ,as 
** Kad'OeniUsfot' Arts arid Sdences, in oi'a^^i bave 
*♦ chemiriftradted.' • M4ftt«'dia''riie &Ta& {n^rtfoe<9t 

** 56 that foine of thorn pfo^M'rtot^ntf Vdty ham)y" 
** in the Arcs; but alfo Very jkWolirin^ iti'lfie l^ifch-' 
*< tts.— yi*t(ir fctviiig BtiiMd the fever*) Talks f)rc^" 
*« fcHbedfhetn, fomeTJiftfe>#a«'4ftb^'ifiiE;ftjtojbe; 
♦* aippliedife their ami -Adl^itka^.^-^^)^&i^y^ 
*' jgaincd- iivtliefe^ftirtrTdls'Si^as riot^A^tfte BlffidTaf 
«« of their Nfefters. --W4tteflii4'PW»ADfeiW#5ttif-* 
« ling fome Rttle MatWr^" tlWthaa^*>5Gftftt, hA%-* 
*»-evef, to tn4l«eWHlS.''-i^ , .i,..-:;i i^.Tj ;:..r,;;.i " 

«* Their uftial Pafti(h»»fenlAi»^flteX#HlB';^'ahd' 
" in ordei'to it they%eittMfl«l bJr'tWc^^ dViJi^^r' 
*< the Ami-pjcs, wheii thftyvtw^^o^nfihdS'^ft^e ■ 
«• inthat^Conditioh * aiid'ft fertatWiffpS^vi^^trfwac " 

v'fflte«fet»esl, t6 6«Vfeht^6WWftfem "fiigit 
".Vbl^V of Which:th»e^h»«PbeW»-flfSH^ m^ v^u.v. 

•* be Mi?iigHatirf<»' tfttf iSecdrt^'^bF- «eir^^rs/" 

*'-6i$P to^lfo'as ite^g'^iHafle-fr^-'fey ^iifWiri, ■ -it ■' 

fbonunvr^ ivi, I aril 3'iiji;:j-jd t i.'. <■ MUiriubHck' 

Digitized by 


fciWbKeknWorlM'f Q;ik lf«ufFArf^j«^iaifRH5| of 

!«.t-tiv*i^th«m thjw «rftidifl^ife=#P«SfieaPor" 

♦« in the Life of their Matter, ci<liiiF%Qt 'SPWau- 
« ^tddtofor-lhei^eidi Otikk mj'hmfilceim from 
5»vchtn4^t:iRtert<r) Mi^niiehi:<qvikl^K'^6a^^i(fi 
ft^Jw SfaviDf(W.the"?W«»'<)r his' tJffierty?^TO>{fi'- 

»«. -1WI** sdtewh«^Mfcft»''fi*a!*)eii^t<*ta3H^WWc4 
*\ <f^o8!hi^Lifbi^rori(hbe:t<l^>SiaV« -aie W^hjoy 
».« eiKiiB tibmyv tflk aft^^ofift q^z^y thfei^^aj 
(.* .Kptnjcaiaii-i&i^ wh^t^ itlild'M^ffi^'ift^d^his 

*» ar:hii-)*4iirfienri»eWfe^iJ(!WftlitH0P'Kri^'C'?inie 
l-.funifttoblc^bf ihfe l;a#s,Mamr ^vfe=flftffl Iftcjr 

h- ing,^«rdin.ifca(ikJjlHi*lchTe6tiW' ndif'bfrddne^ 
!.V 9fte^«bty. virebs^tivi^m^h mfft^sf-W^bein^ 
^.' l)tMMtelfr«e.v !Bu£ :if • (* iSiavfe'^hid' uridefedhy fbm§ 
^i-5feM<»*c,'Jffooifcmoiini 4S"th* Witpj'^^'tw ?*?lfcq| 
f:V.a<»4( jj«»'br»adedriwr!«htt; mitte I6t'3njiift ©ifl'^q; 
^*, .tio>fv>^Fh^l>*Wl Dwy'i«(c6irtnK)»;''1i*^afff''1n6t 
»»;>§' ito35iWliaeB^'naad'<r free HiW OthtW^'«"W^s 
*'r«W?flVjrlQC «imtott«^itmairt'^ia<fe ^ti^C^Jng 

; .<• Whw ftlSJaw: wa*iati*f'frSe,^'ht«yiWa^Vs 
« (haved,-^ ahfi) fcas-Maflw xMf >efift-iid'KfcS"bift>re 
^< the flrirTor/. :Tbitfff)3v*«P'tte>''l«<r<«effir^' foTJtti^t 
♦* Magiftr««« 'to -bo/ionohfiPipHftQhilWf AkjPPur- 
*< poferfidtMardtti«>rigHify{W)fci-(fi)»^l^f)a'iilm! 

?.' /*/> Mati:may Af'/ar43'ih#*We#f#)*?*anB<|tt'ed* 
'. . ;. ;> « Stroke 

Digitized by 


lo ^tS^.^*^'^ ^**: ^^ ^^ Of6ed bflfti'bis Head. 
** >?/?«; howeyqr icttfflUfc,. *« 'k i^asthe* Miftcr 
4it^^jSWn9^nwt'^bipfe s /attdditt ii faying 

^^^*'nni<)^ hjjn. cwtp:fl[uiw «mnd> -whidh mb calfed ifi 

7/^*^ y5^ Siavcfi pf^ifit Jimd)^ Pttsgpte Iharf oiie Ad- 
V yagi^aigp. wbf?^ yOtbtrs bftd nfet, - aid^wMdi ' 4vas 
*V ycgjrlcpn^rab|e^ ' Tii» v?*^ : that \arv iix^nng 
,%^\f^ fameHWe K&ma^ 

5'<^^f}s ii.wcU w Acir. M»ftersi^Abondancfc oF 
^^^^^^3^^ inGK)4<iN:?d in cl^ Mani|inifl&6n$>. 

**!j^!nn!^ oi^,*? ^aod SptVkrea and (^uaUHift of 
'*^ "the 3jav?^ <iKjcerfl)in«i Ijhw Mafttrs to givfl thcM 
•^ jificiri^ljcrfy :^bM6;«^^ often revived 

*^ H* vcithof w rh? Rtfif a«l;Qf CfihiC8!Mad.Dchauihes^ 
*» <ir i^i.cfFcai/oC d)«.JV^afttr% Avarttre;. nirMth^nly 
*5 aijKFn^mef^^.^ Cori-u|XiiQti tf Mttm^v In giving 
•i^ fii9[i,'b^,eki3B^ At 

}\ )ybpflt)E,alyaj? d<$)e9(]6diiipoh tte ifiiketi and 
** it Wiif,ib^:f«pTWie45^ 
•V WW b^tnC;ifV9wiTmco» wcrcrndt on%, in Lira- 
^,jpt^fj, jf?)jfigf^wj«tfiiftial^ 
**,jthpfj^aftcrs», lj(ilfti*»sy'Wcrefti!KutqeAto«rtairt 
f * */|nl^if^«?^Wfi I)l)t>cftr/ They were ctWiged to at- 
*f-.t!c4flt»t tlifjiriMa^-f^^/silQti^^ :K>Dayy;Morn- 
** i^^lEvfining^ to 4cc0fSpa]iyi inml t^hei* about 
** Xhg/Qit^^j.Vr «.thfi JForum^ in inJer «ota6^m'cnt 
o' cff^'Kf ^ W. .^Od ifefly iietei^vcni oWiged w aflift 
^ffr%'l it^^W3:r^c^^O'fiori*rty. /.Thcrd were 
*i^TOft^<*WffiWt^ iri . 

'^.fR#i.^^pfifts|: vji^^^ «iblig<5ti ^o return 

JJ^.^^,^ayj3j^or '^f^ id !»ixk in chcM fnes.Thc . 

Vv'IN^^ Cbqdilibnv had 

•f^'.J^i^^^^^^^O^^ r fibcjr.fiara. kpnd^^ imd > wore 
tii*^}S^\Pf litj^l5.vHft<;*».<;^w*w^-^T%jy.'i^uld'iiot 
ni «n^yfiWfl'¥Krt^V<KtviOAtighter.^f .i iSd^^iiw Citl: 

Digitized by 


3^ 72rWoitK9^/i^LcA&N«XK Art.^4^ 

«^ thejr QMld agoy tht pjMMges anneRxl to the 
«< Coadition of a ^mvm Citi^eD, ibey oould mc 
^ atuiQ any but the fioall Qffioes of the CommoiH. 
^ wcakh,— They were indeed more hroattd by. 
^ later EnurrorS|^ho j^^itted them ipk> jjl the 
«^ great OKes, Iv^ cbeQ^fii!(bfp. Tbeir Chil* 
^ dren bad Ibcir Bin boitd as well as f!ie JFachcrs, 
«< todiftingiulhdiinArtrooitte 
^ Parents. l*hcy w^e called Ubirtinu They 
^ were pipaUe of being registered ia tlie Trib^ 
<« of iervii^io iitMrnum Legions^ and evctn ci 
<< beuig admined (o.the dignity of Knigbc. 

After this AcoDunt of tbe R^mM' Siavesf/ oor 
Author enomemtrs ^ Pi«fbgatives of tJK het-hont 
Citizens. Some of them were tbcie : No corjpH^ra} 
Punifliment could \k kifliAed on them, except by. 
the Judgment of the jft#aMi» Peof^e, to whom they 
had a Right to aj>pea]y or to the Emperor^ after 
the SobvcrfioBof tbe CosmKMwealth. They bad 
(he Ible Election of all Mag^rates. They ohly 
looted in all Judi^mits relating to the People* They 
had Po^r of Life and Iteajth over their Children 5 
could fcllthem^ SlaV5&^ if^unmarricd ; They had 
the DifpofaToflbe Fert&fle of the FamUy, Nond 
but they cofuld^^ adbpted, or inherit the £#«!£ o# 
another Citizen.^ Ia order to a Will's boji^ goody^ 
it muft be ma^He |i the Prefcncc of other Ciuzeos* 
They only wtl* Ratified for Offices, or being in- 
lifted in tht L^ions. In the Time of the Coni-* 
monwealth thejr rarely fufiercd any greater Puniflt-: 
ment than Fiie or Baniihment. ^' Sylla>^ during 
** his ttfufped JDidtatorfhip, was the Inventer of th^ 
•• called the Profcripcion of the Head, and the Pro* 
** hibidon of Fire and Water, bccaulc it extended 
•* to Life i and ordained, that the profcribcd Per-. 
*• (on fhould be killed, wiierc-cvcr he was found. 

[ fa be continued. ]] 

Digitized by 

til R 


t-Kv^> f^_ 


M ^.; 

■•■'>;■' ■ ^' • • - ^ - V -^ - • v^-/ > > 

£ finiihrd tbe prc^i^ Article wich,% 
J^ciScaiibn 9f ^ :^p^f3 of ij|;i^ 

of th^ fi^eniie^nth ^^opttr^of die firi): 

B.P^J^of thcWorkngjir^ci^ 

4^,but;j^(^[iapten more in thi^ij^ j^e ^^^ 
tqif^di, .ia ^jiich an Aopuot is giSm^^ 
bq|i(m qf Cprn to the Peopfe ; the 5^|^4^J!t^f 

fntqi tQ.PhyIician3> . thf Diftribj]^ 9f^?^^*v 
IS 2 ' aod W* Mpney to the People on ijfe^gcdtooft 
<^h £qppcrpr ^ the Annihilation oF^nig.^civ^^ 
]^s.<>f,th« flmm Citizens ; the Liberalkj^of ife.T. 
jlj^i.cafi^c^^as hafl Childreq, And ♦ \^ ^, • 
. ^hp nincte^ntli i whciipin our Author treats' ojf; 
^^e Privileges of married Perfbns; the Penalties 
^dained againfl: Cc]ibacv ; Marriage, and the Co- 
\' ,:f •- ' t) d' ftom?^ 

Digitized by 

Google ^* 

ftoms of the Day after Marriage 5 tX^^^Wj 
Wives rietainmg their Maiden Name after Marri- 
ajge ^ the Law aga^nilrdfbauching Maids *, Cour* 

After si^ S^rvey^ tlK^.IjIilyiours.^nd ^dvantagn 

annexed tq^the ailitrijhpni^ $tatt^ Qur HHthog f ar- 

ficulahfes ttie Ceremonies * attending the Roman 

Wedding;B. *« TJjc {irftiibing they did was to take 

^ the Aufpi^es before j}ie Nuptials, in order to 

<* knoviube Will of c^ Cf^s v. and (hey care&iir 

^< avoided xekb^ng tbemHipOs^mi^cfchdie^Baf^ 

f which they hdd to Ije i^nifonunatc. — The Mar- 

*« ragc"^ Was ofuaJly tnaied with itrc l^ndets Fafhe'r, 

f« Trom.whom.fte,^a^>ftfd,^:,Wh'e|)ihe fionlraa 

?« W?8 4^a^f) HP, Xt s?^% fc4lfed:)vith ihfi-Sfialaof xhc 

^< Parents^ and fometimes the Portion wasdepo- 

f< fitecl In )d[)e Hands pi the^^gc^p, whor.had taken 

** the Aufpices.— -J The Prjdegroom before the 

€y Nuptiah ^^ his i^te^d ]&ride 2^1 iron .lU^ 

^« without any Stonps ip. iitj. which was the Ccre- 

«' mpny pt Cpntraft. Upon- the Wedding-day, in 

«* .drcffipjg the jBride's Hca^, ,it ;was the Fa&ioa.m 

** part het H^tr with the Point of H $piear, jnd m 

*^ divide it in ilk TrefTes, after the Maimer of tbi 

*« Vdlaisi to imply that (he wbvilcj live eWaelJ 

*« wjth her Hu;fband. Qn her H'ea* they, put .1 

<•► Wreath pf Flower? of Vervain, ^hd -other HerbS| 

*'< wlvich ihe had gat'h^red herfelf j /$nd over that 

*' Wreath, a Veil,: which was fometimes adbrfitd 

'«« with precious Stones. ^ They midc her pjtt oh i 

« pair of Shoes, of the fame Colour of tte Vtil^ 

^' forincd in the Marmer of Stijts or Bufkins* Alfrr 

** ciently. it teas the '^av anjong the Latins^ t6 

«< pat a. Yoke upon the Pjpdks of thofc Who aSK^ 

«^ anced thcmfclyes to, each (other, tb i^gnify, rti^ 

^* Marriage IS a real Yoke j and fi-otn ttscirtOe it 

^** had its Latin ^2Ltqt Cifnjupum. Thc.firft ^(h 

«* mans obfaved. a Ceremony in thek Matri^^, 

' V '^ ^ ** wMch 

Digitized by 


Arti tff . »r £1> EM B BR;/ 1740. ^ j^j 

«« urtikh they<aM«d'Ctfl{/^^fyii/fo/ Thiswai, to 

^ make die nfew-mioTied Coople edt a'Cake made 

*< of Wheat/ Salt, and Water, which the Ptictt 

** Had offered to tiie GodB, in order to imply^ by 

:«« diar cdnunon and fiiatid Fobd^ the ifidifibluble 

^« iUaion winch wm tbiiibl^l^etv^een them. This 

•*f .Ceremony wil^ afteruMfd^ ^bferved only in the 

.^ Man iaig^ of the ^pMRiB UMl Priefthood. . THe 

/* Bride was <kdbd iri a Ioh^ Robe <}dee plain, 

^ cither wbice or fatffron €dl6ur/ as were ufualfy 

*« the Veils worn by Brtdds. Her Safli or Girdle 

«^ was made of Woo)^ atld tied in a Knot called 

^* HircuUan^ which the Mtrfband tmloafed when 

«< ihe Was put to Bed^ invoking <he Goddtfs Juno^ 

. ^^ ttttt his Marriage might be 4s fruitful as that of 

** Henaies. They feigned to take the Bride out of 

1(fc the Arms of her Mother to give her to her Hut 

*^:sbaQd. This was doAe l>y thfe iLight of five. 

ff Torches of Pine-tree or White-thorn ; for the 

** Ni^ytfals were always celebrated in the Evening, 

'.** iThele Torches were carried by young Children, 

^ ** cafted Pueri lautu becaufe they were waflicd and 

. ^* jwrfumcd beforehand. Their Nmnber of Five 

^' was myfterious, as well as thefWt of the Cere- 

** mony v It was in Honour of five Divinities, of 

- f * vhom Ihey faid thofe who married ftood in 

V- need : Thefe were Jupiier^ Juno^ f^cnits^- Dianaj, 

<« and theGodd^fl of Perfoafion. The Bride was 

. ♦* lediby two young Glrildrtn, and the third carried 

^* Ixfore htr the Tdrth of Hjtvieft^ which it was 

f * itiie<:uftom ctf the Friends of both Parties to take 

-^ away, left it fln*ild bfe iilade ufe of in ibme fin- 

^ chanmicnt, thlt tfl%ht fhnrtcii the Lifcf of one ot 

f! jliem, -W*ile the Bride was condtkaed' in this 

V'iduiienoiier Hfifliarkrs Hcwfc, 'every one fung 

.H ifyminH^meik^j-atid^^ who 

^f wik^-married m one of the Sabinei fbretWy carried 

ir^S^hv die^rft RgtfMMs. A Dtftaff was carried 

1 '• O z '' dehinb 

Digitized by 


394 ^^^f 'esfjT'^ feBM»««. M«i>. 

«*. dmight jcpi^t cjMjftCi/MWQ c)*?i H«^ of Jiflr Huf- 
" •)?M»^ lAS fpoft,^,^ f|?i9f<i *t><b* Dooivif lit 
«» and ;^fi^/wrefp. prefcnj^tojwv *a Cimiff *hat 
>f flic ws^f^ihareJi) (be,ii[ixo(i^^|sNW9e^;^NierJJuf- 
«;hand. ..Af^JCjiwJ^epnejItiigMitte^^^ to 

«' ^> W he^Nianietr tQ wbi(^ fte .:^nCwered £i«ni, 
«* ta imply that (he would be as good anii^Houie- 

«* ' i*ri)^«j, ;", %e ^atuffMiwds 4)ttt W.00I upon the 
** Dopr^ .afl^ rubhfidikjwM^ •C>«U on'idw Fat of 
«« ?qrkj,qr.q^ft 'VVoM. -" thifi 'Anwadamfirficn car- 
i» ^M5d^^,,ow|^:4|>e.Tirpi^d.Q^ the.JOoQr,; takirtg 

«»,|j^4>fiu%.v^n?^i?** ^ 4id «Qt touch it i.artd 

*', lqMn^5^te^.s^r,^^^th^;iCt^fi.p^^ tbeiHoufe were 

"*' delivered to h^...>-«^ ^.ji|^ thea made to fit 

, *«;4fl^Pj9X3i,;^,^§J^4^ wliU.the Wool on it, to 
, ,1worfc.< When 

d the HujEband 
il ar gwwihBcd 
ftidetihi^.. given 
id 4b .itji "' ' "f 

Kf)fii?g,^ljP >««"•- 
(djAhey urirc left 
jCwipVS: iJy the 
^^.(feoij at 

i «Wv#»^ Qharans 

-K "ill** '?'^laHgffi*''i(Tit»JI^J^'>t««n«SHiQn,,«f the 

v£feMf^.^#»i?P^^HW •ttjWWvinM?,, .ai?d bribed 

iii|ic^%4»;'?^?ff'»lPw?y™P°tt ««i**W» i for 

,. <T^ wby^Lwas n«effai:y-,to jfcidrcfc /cacb'of. thetn 

Digitized by 


**icpirmaf. -tm T^'-Oieti^'mp^ils, the 
<^ H^AMttt fiiftdcH'FlafiPacli^Mh^' it' which the 
*< Bride, '«^l«y'«t B^ fUi!iibr^na>efBed at 
« TaMe, lAiiethuiltoii'^Wn i««th' « lamUiar Air: 
« Shfi then t«hd6ii»^d< »R Shame; • dtid'cOkfedwitfi 
«« folittfc'Rfcftifve,' thattbacfci^l^ifeouifes of 
«* excediVe 'Fr«Jddni,- lf^#M commdifta fcy^ JS&e 
«« r<rfil«l :flfe«/flr/2fe;"l>i«ffihtt^it'n^ theni' 
« thit-Dtrfs aHd th<r>ma^ioif'f^ir'£(^ri0ded to die 
"Gods. .;■■ : •. * '••■■-''•.■'■ '.'''.^-:" '. l" .- 
: We BOW proceed: to tiamfe ovei- this-'TOfncs' tha:t 
afe (tandled in- the Xecdnd'Bodk of this^Volume \ 
which conGfts of twebe Chalmers. JAM id the firft 
our Authorfj^ks (tf the Goverhriienf of the Ro' 
M<totf by Kings: of ^ A-dfntfliftratiOn' during an 
tmerreghum : and of the ExpulObA of; the R^l 
FaVnily. Concerning thd Admtniftritioh in the « 
Time at an fnterregnum he fays» ' • 

«« In that Seafon die Goremnnfent Wtt vefted in 
** the Hands of the Senators, who lul^' e^di m hit 
** Tarnt dividing themffehres for ^ktPiirpofe bjT 
*< Tens, of which Numbers ejkjiH had the Com- 
*♦ mandfor fifty Days. Every otniiofl thdc ten 
<« had die fote Authority forBrWDiifi^ during^ 
*^ which he lad all tte Enfignr'of Qid Ro^Dig- 
** ility,< ilnd was called '/«/«Vr*Ar.''" y^i, hfc irtio 
** allembled the PteO«le for the ^leOibh V>f i Kiog« 
"That Authority i^flSffftlibdcBardl »-ilf die reft 
<( of^dte-Sen^OrSi who-' g werrt M a'^tongf*^^ the 
<« Ihcerre^um Ibbfifted'i iHiklf Cuf^rii'was ^ITo 
** cRSe^ed diu«g the Oonitibhweai^V^rl^i^, the 
*« Mflgift'mtes «i«i« eJtho'^Vfint or~deaa» and the 
«* S&ce min fallen 'ln(o< A ' ktrid of Anarchy. If 
«:they aw 'not -think 'fi^'ttf'cteati'i ^iftator, 
««^^ftft'lri»rtiieJ=%'«<»>^kbr 'im Jftbfirf'i^ of 
«« fliciSeha**, Wl^i'rfar,K«^m|' nilcd'fonnilliys, 
«• iffittfiBfed the I^lel<i^'a>c£Iedton#1!>«(Kils, 
«« or Mill»ry*I*ribuffds: Durifag thc^Time of Aar 

D d 3 «» OAce, 

Digitized by 


«^ Oi^e,/iiid ef the Diaftknlli% afl tfaetithd' 
<^ M^iftratid, except tfae iTribanei <tf die Vim^/ 
«« aMfcachitbcfrAathority: ' ^ '^ -- 

The ftcond and 'third Ch»>ievs W ethjpAoyed ia 
giving o^an Idea of the Funftk>ns and Pitrog^bthhei 
ofthcConfcMhip;, i ^ -- / . ;. . ^ 

The fburth Cnaipcer affords us^ the Tlirt ftifbrma^' 
tioQ conteroii^ the Decerttviri i die^M^fitar^r Tri- 
bimee i the Didhtot* i and the Tribuneg tyf die 
People. Therein the Caufes of the Seditiom of the* 
Feoplc are ilfigjhed.' Ouf Aothor tnoiteover fpeihi 
of a Decree pafied by the Senate againft the TtU 
bunes of the People ; of the Re^jpcA paid to them 5 
of a Right peculiar to diem, called CooptdioMy 
and of the Diflcnfion between the Nobility and tte 
People/ with the Advantages arifing from it to the 

In the fifth Chapter the Form of the Cbm»i6n- 
wealth 1y defdribed, and the Mmhtfrs of it, in the 
Time of SjntluK chara<aerfred. The Venality of 
the People in the (after Ages 6f it is fct forth. Then 
our Author ;fficwsu& the ditfcrfent Figure DrWch 
both the. State! a,nd the Senate thade under the Em- 
perors, .lieliftcrwacds ^kds Occafiott to foeafc' df 
t^hp Hauchtincfs of thp Rom^n Citizens wWile the 
RepublicK ilounflbed i and oFiheRelbea^ pari* to 
^ Roman ^Pcopie; ^dutirig tlui Peridd. Arthe 
Clbfc pf«thi«.C;hajpter he bneft;rdWi>la^s Wte Ic)^ 
oeracy apd Mcarii\efi of tjie Senate untethir^f mpc- 
nalrTyrapRy.j the Spirit df l:ibelty yet ftbfifftmg 
in theP^pu&ce, alftcr the otHt^rhW fub^ 

jcftea themfeivet t^ thcf Yoke • who; ^\*hlft tfi^^- 
tline<J tteiir. Authority, iiad received iheHtfft^e 
pf foreign Kh^SL anItratidhVf TheC&tffe tSt^his 
fhaiWeful Alteration in *t|ef r tpdiidition^s' points otrt^. 

Iv^ the fixtb' Chapter puf-^^^^ ^giVte 'ivr At'- 

c;o««»"*of the Senators in pirtJcuhir i flic^the t)rl- 

'gm of chat iuguil Body, the Number of which it 

^ ' was 

Digitized by 


«M»M «fiP it* «q^ (he T>t]c;.lw,irl"<^h tiM! Meow 
I^V^ pf it wefe 4ifting«i^/ lie cp^ ttu> Cbap- 
tpr w«^f fl»»t,R«Jla<iw, of the JPipceedipgn of the 

. Ig the feveatb Chapter he treats fyfigA^ty ^ die 
gir4ff ojti S,r^gj^} %.Ps^«.q{. fhc Youttii. the 
JlgtbB ;4if4 4%ii/?«i,vW«^^.»' thQ Qpta Ru« of 
."^:KiV«l«».i the Knigtv-JFarmc/s.vpfr the piibjick 
llfKetpS) J, ^ NofciUty .} Ac PrjRtQr.j rthe.Prje^ 
tpfiiw^ i (be gjrfiftt.j?f4:tftr» or.Pr^tpf (H^b%DUS s the 
prwit^QJal Piawors. 

. J[q tt)e eig)ic]>.C^(«ter.he. roo^/QinBr tho diffis 
K9( TritmrviU »t, }tom ^ , inforow «». of. the Me- 
^od: of siting ]ai&fit thfs ?rae)tc^ ), Mutb ^me other 
ti&»fifiet\ cpQceroiog the PuunckvM* 9A(1 the pitiiek 

The xtiach .Chapter tr@i9 of.the pknity and 
Fun^ion pf the Cenfiws : of the ^1% Xunilejuid 
PlebeijMi : of the Qj^ftor^ of variotU Som : ,.of 
the Coto{)tn9llers otf the Quxftors : of ^^ Prpc6»- 
fuk; of the inferior. QiBcprs of the.Coni'tnoawealtfi. 
If^ this Chapter our Author |e(U M9 hrow the Rmatis 
were WQQK to reduce the conquered. Coaotries into 
Eroviupes. -.;' 

.. Iq the ttoth -Chapter we have the I;,aws 6x the 
A^fpices : ^he Manner of ele^ing Maglftratea, and 
4,;i|$:n9A4iqg. <bfi Comti» (uriata fpr th^t Furpole. 
Wc,l<a«q^hediffc.ccatCwW* diftiflguyUed and cz- 
pl4^. : We fee. thf ^^Yaptage the Nobility haii 
m xiicC»mti» evauriatAt with a Diyctfity of Par-. 
ticuJI^s ce^diog tl^ Tranfa^ionsror thofe Con- 
vendova. . 

;.jrii(B ele»vth Chapter. ;toeaks of three dijffiatnt 
Kw4<>f M^giifeattaj ttiofc,ftyk<i€a^fQl/, tbctfe oif 
d»e ColoKU«j^ aod tho(; jof the «;iaDit:ipsa Cities. 
Tbf )^igk of Z4KiM9> Kibore illaifrated: 

Digitized by 


<<'lte filfti'AHitt irfitte <Q0inimiwecdih %mI« the 
<' ' LMiA$s ii^^txk wUoffV' brth^^X^Mtfy of lAUiaMc, 
M.vihjck 'Arirndk: ^kh^iMin «bMt tHe Vewr^tfi, 
^^^tiCrgnfMBl tfati Righr.t)f bdngaUottimlw^ give 
^^/^j^BiSKSJdk uiAs>A&ab&ii ati^Mv,^ when 
<«';thei!Ma0ifhite/whQU(pttBricd'in^the^ flioald' 
M rfuiBBn(m||icnl'ii^hiar,}«iid their wiU no Oppdfi- 
<f (ttaniQBfTCfaeiSidc ofhibGoUegueB ^ OUnfirs^ ^hich 
M: reii^iie<bihar^R^;jbt' ilmoff infigqiificini(': as:'if 
«« iginmed Mtfaefcliy^way jdf; flanouc^ ichac^iclcbithe 
«.< :!V%hvi0frnQdiyirtaking Phwe. ' Adouditil^tyfHiey ' 
^iweifatftOdQaMxrattcattfto^gite their Sii^i^ w- 
•^i oqtt iablcunesiofe i%iifBn.^vQ%smoitii^ Gincef* 
f ! ) ivsiSblFBdbddcn /cfTiiBM^y iiwrhich ddviol ved to 
«fi tbrio/pdacipal^lifiigBteatc d(|nriie- Expiration x>f 
Mi^fibdOfficeaoCcflf Ab ^btmitit£ktiuitfi bcfong aU 
^mf ihuai^dte jeoflMii Okittiis, which Right was 
^./CPfihtMtJhflOi ittn-Fkiofidfi df fTiinei hadiresdined 
^1 tlcnIuib3ty30£<cIeAa)g;bi;e' o&>t(K^ CimeHs by 
*6^^FhK2iiff>Taf tlf^oicesy ^tcrgofrerhicfaem^* according 
yii tttodwiriipecirifar liaW^^ oiidtrithe Tide.of /V^- 
^^ trdr.}. !i Afidithi^.was^oikd ^che Right ^>B^^DMlAxf, 
V<^«mlof ^dlAllifiS 9f;tdi^GdnimMiwadch^ ^^ vJ^ 

j]ifthsdtvvtt^tbGh^piBri3ine]hav€.an of « the 

MaxidD99?(tfh.5i9tE)nifideH sbe^ fimpsrors^ and the 
.Cfitogevtbc^ fdadis ini&he'pidoHck Qffioc8:i Lof ithe 
Bwfirftiog tbmaTttaftr^ryMii'ffBfedhis Pisetoio^v^^^^ 
of ;ihrjiAMM#.M^iiBai)6i, )bca che^Simrdand 
:Rfeibb.c:i;ofithfe:Naibk Q&<&tif^c^y\7Leui tb& ^Mariner 
of i^€|ciiQiirftdgingia>dUBir.dne:Kiof: : the^rfinKpoBne be- 
<Gmis^!9'tSQSttdt^ andsof^the JDktxfibnoof it c of ^ tHb 
Imp$rial.)IDlia(|em.; -i-.xiu ai.o «• ^- . - : v •. •'-' ^■^''- ' 

ihat>it)ioSb9«iio bar&iDocoufazlfte dtfUoguilhedVonty 
fayii^:ie^fe£^d;fiahfipMs^^ PradeOtuiya^- 

toria /Mivof riiKisnPriifiecriciteam and waby' in 

Digitized by 


« Ae^Bft miiiev'^Kir atefe stk? fib MUMlitt, eidbpt 
«f«MC^of tBo Qiriterofiltlw Kmebt9 )oJ3ut waller .\he 
*^ ; Emperor dl fig w kf /^nJio Jitt<t bteiiiiivldkd/wirh 
^^it Imnfeli Hbcfoi^fao dUiaiiiwdP dsti i£iH|Nii,' the 
<« 'Sbaacm»^and'Ferliateitf£<»i&hr 0igpiftf thought 
^ it an Hosour to poftftr/irc' Amtrfhcttitv^thence- 
<< £mk: tho Eowvr of ^thu Ffsii^JM^iiiunRi in 
<^ fiidi a flGasmfcr, diat.fic booMe sbe/oflnmi Pkribn 
^* of the Empire This Chitt^ w»^aot £ngle^ at 
*^ the Begioning. -Akiufbis crcvttd. tiro ' «f diefe 
*^ Qfliasrs^ and (here-wert rhvoe of* dMnviiriBr fe^ 
«^ wral JBA^stforsi atrwhiebTlnie:clK!ii^.Aiidioricy 
^ was not facxteiifive:as itisasratomtardat -for tc 
<t -w^s cottfikied co'thc'i^dbifitin of.:dK€)ifeei^ 
<^ that arofir ^mdngft tfae^Sioldifa^^ Bat;wii«Q it 
«< became a Mc Ooimnandi^^ the BnTon ^m&i peflef- 
«<^lfdit!i^8xaJU0d kuttfat^ ateoft attAfiursi land 
^f JbecaiBe the prindpal Mag^fflhtt fat^rkdlmxMj^p^ 

^^ bbt ftoip 'tvhicfa ^sgieoiv^iiofie taroopkrib'thb 
^^Btnfsi^ir. The Tide qftfaaimr was amNfiicd ten 
<Vdlib Qffib(X»;!]if)onJbr,iii4tdieiirigh^ chexPitlb 

^^^ani inscjuckdi&ioo imendeil loref ilii' the' Prefi- 
^ fdeius^ or/GoRm^rsra£ Bc6iiiinccs^^n&>eveiiio«^ 
«f' tht.FrnaoGbi: He^tooldlalfo mte ^|::^?< /Fa 
«' cooolude;^ atLthe.h^fifeft isJentibiDof his ^mrer^ 
f< btumttd^ixk iiis'ajKin.Bsr&n^lAMihtifity'aiid 
^<: FiihdtiMs b£itheCt»Aab]6» . diaWtdlbr^oand Stt- 
«^ |)eraitBiklaot oJPc^thof {Finances^ on Lord^Htgb 
^ Txaaforer^f i^Mr4. Jcnvab ifi theft Tkttei that 
" this Officer had Vicars under hm%;>^hd(k Jarif. 
^< diAioo d^tnded dvsr %iaknMt Eb»ntie^Coiimry 
«^ called ^iBhce^^ whiabrcootaioed ^cra} princi*- 
*« paliCSkfts.^ ' ifewa&afi^iQtedbythti Emperor, 
&< ifdm pui^^a^HnrdtJUideBclttnhini, which were 
<' the£nfigns of his Office. After that Ceremony 

" he 

Digitized by 


499 ^VffSms li^^LBlIlr«^. MfA;t^ 

'* by row Hoffw 4br«Rft I Mid, ifas- li(«r|ig|, . .1^ 
«• wvQt bqKore, C4lle4 hH« »« tk^: iQJtdi; /t>f ;jA«Ja* 
<« mazwi^ die F»tk$r oC t^^ v&npH . H»m<9trt 

«» w^ befiO(n« tbrfirft in:i6be:)S#n|«fr.. r. • : • 

Wie are now come t» the tliywid ;?ftf i <rf! <l^. W«rl^ 

cpiH»KU(ig <«^c QiapfefA'. |n fbe $i^:»Dr.iM0P 

tHAts^ot the ^m0if Gwni:. of; th» Pi^n))tM0-of 

f^7 : of libs Silw«v Movejr : of ^*k MwiBffti^nd 
AltfjcatiqA of Cpipsa of iheir ^eral Pienoeiq^ipm 
in R^kpnkg; ^ tbe greiif 3p(lenuv<>, juad.^.the 
Talent. x-, i ,. ' 

** Tbc Ppverjy of: th? ^,.i?«w«w .t^d.iVBf fnf- 
** fer fjbium to qoiti «njr $ j^ey w^i» adiqod twpCeao 
«< turies withow Sp«<;ie$»,flf>j^.i9ft i»(?.i(^ Q>^«r i» 
•< i.Ma»pH, w^idi clwy pwi% W«igbl. fA^Hma> 
«» their Iccond IQing, loF thp be^w CoiHfflni(^yv 
** ,caMiis4 Qopprr «o be 4;itt gr^fly ii^p? Piecfl»,«f a 
** Pouad ^XNififting of (w^ vc QwKtts,) , W'l^Wt any 
*> Mfttk.. iThey were ciUcd fr^flndiiJ? rq^. Form 
«* 4i,r«|{v*.iand fcrvis^ ijift«^,o5M99fy» . T^eir 

** Form, and for the firft titpe ^u^ foni^ ;Pi«:eft 
♦« pf t)i^{i^BM.y(i^^t,m^ -Vftiserw* i»vq»a4e,. with 
•• . the.Iippfefl¥W!?f"<an Ox pgpn, ^mty.,, fl^hp^ fnwe 
•' wiled 45 /<>?<»#[ ^jL/^//*, j^«»ufe.t^«0bii«t«b- 
*'• «d a. Piwnd. , ;LetwrsvWWCs^(9.«fMc4.¥> .Sfefi*av 
•f tQ^PFiefVt^ir Wfightv^t^ ^^^IWwJVhi'*^)** 
«« .«S»»*lw?ysprqp9rti<wa.ble Vtfef %&.ioiMJtl»* 
«* vieft of fill wm,t,\K ^MftdiSii #isfei-W»gh«i^.«nd 
«♦ was yiKKth tfA ^a* ttfiWVY^ft/il w^^-GlUo* 

« VaiMsu Xhp%»<^«^,»»*,yv*..iqHrijjfiii8--^** 

♦< The laft was aiw»y*Fk S»iei> «»«p&§nefciw8:i«'» 
^* rOQtvuthitaQdtna '^^^^0iWW^ ^"V^^W^ 

Digitized by 


«* in ^^OoliM i Md >to <f»pi«£P ks 3(^^ [k irat 

■^'fittiKiniddte; atfd iiASififterliiem utiil^lmfMep, 
<• HSi 'Thtf Lm^hMs y¥ta ^mtrth tWQ 4ps^ m 
.H'.ilMS two Piiritui ttpeitt'it -flgAtfied.' Tbd j/{ was 
«* d<b fiibdrrkled imd^ifafdU f^MS^^ of which the 
^ Nkm<>s ftre-ad'^llow.- The Z)^»jrwetgbeij'ele^ 

^ iiiite'v tte^BA, e^t i ehe ^k]pMM», ibven } the 
** Sem^is^ wjitei^was chehalf Potindy'fix} the 
^' <^«r)tiiimir^ five ;'<the TrinUy #hkh tiris the M«A 
v^ pjrrc <Jf 'i»iria»j,' ft»r i the. ^uddransv W fe»rth 
^'•part, ihr«e(>' )lNtf^«M«f, (ffftsth fuirC, two « 
**i the £/«af , or Outicse. 

«i !n the fijft /»«»«f Warj^ thi N(k«fl5ti«* of the 
>* 'Cbfirifcdti^eailtik^ wbte-fo ^ct, tha^'flit; was -ob- 
•» Kg|ld (9 reduce tSktAtfcoiA twetve*^ the Weight 
<« Of two Odnces, and'iiU itttr^ in prt^rfeion, 
««t th^'fiM^ Tfttoe Wa»<eoat)nueid the feitie. ■ Iti the 
<* ik«ad'/^«Mfe'Wa^ft«f'ie'i^hi redte6(JM one 
*♦' batf'in Yake, that icto fky^ toane'ObAcev aind 
«* ^ Qtheir Sbeoks in ptt>poreibit. * Moft' of the 
<* ii^i of the^W^ightof one Ot»ce bad the doDble 
*»vifcsid'ofAii)Jfi««M on Ode Side; atid the Prtw ctf" 
• «* a -Sh^'^ ihe'dAew 

■'-^ It -wki not «SI the-4&5th ^ewT'oFsR^,' that 

.^•MV^^oBf'tiu fiiift coined ibetfie,: #hich'thtiy 

:** ttxtMSixAoi&ti^ >I0 the Species Of ^OOf^r $ fo 

**"«rafA*-84l*er .©rti»f»j -wai woitih eeHvGtoppef 

**''Jp$:,^iltt!^W^v^ttS^hrtiia\^^itSi afhiilf;; or the 

■ ^^-^fbm-dk''^ Btnarntf^mA'^ ttScM propor- 

■«^tidfg'l^'Vlide'^ft«Sav«f IDMk^Hi ' Weighed itn 

'•f <ldn^;' a^^^vfiKi^A^M oh th^tti'was. either 

<< a.mtniA'$-H6id 4«^ ^ Hdlmldt eftlfj to re- 

r««^^r«l(jb*A^Cityt)f i!!^y dP<k:Vlftdry ie*ding a 

<(' ^Mridi»wa&' t#<^ or^lout« Boi^fes a^iM^ft," Which 

-*<^1fiAJkidnld''tbM t»'lM^tfllled>'0^4^'{' tk-^^ihdri' 

** imfi-im^ th«>ilevtrie-tb« Hgtue ^f' ff'&>^«r 

" and 

Digitized by 


^n^tO^Riltmi^^^Shaif^ hid^fiift 

«« coined Silver Species^ that istoiay, ^jtiibutlthfe 
5^ ^47chi¥ear Off .AMif^oid«3p)lMgW) to^Miii QoM 

•^''ZWir)Ui/wrV famacrfBritc'^mtt irmh^ikibiiD Sihrer; 

^ |g^he>jJ^^?i»Miibeiweai» ebb 'Vtfbig'^^^ 
|(<>BilveP« ^^^^Sma^i^ffteoeividkOoid^^Hi ioiriMKuiif- 

- "*« malkingi^m'QaDc^. >o B»pifcdriKfaiSs(< iha^Vahtc 

^^« ^.'Mmt/i^aviiig' t^ih^i^ time, 

<« f he Silver Denarius mw MdcMdd ^ '^ PMpor- 

' JM 3c ^Ms Vin ichar>ihri^rt!ion itniidei; fMtiti^C»faf ; 
. ic« tot 'ftftwimid^ it <6MiR^ tcnthit ^61 ^ima^i4o^j 

f , T«rt^i4 i« 4fce»latt0r<J<Ntosfi(ims^i <6S BM&. That 

LrfKl!^iSil«dr Idigi(h>rtdiicdd^i^ fodf4^ ^tid 

<« fixteen to the Pound, or the Mfoight i>f one 

< i<< ''DflMAaftA sPirom ii^iic»ift ie the 

U' tFhe PftKM<i>l Gold ill dine wisre^^iGi l^e^ivy: 
'^''Thty<iV»r^i3ddaoed io thrPiropord6njb(^^i^^ 

^^ ndct %o ktipifliUfc «€» fottMr ^H tlie VaTQiridM of 

«« this kind, whioh^wefe vetfy freqUNft UodeMhe 

^» E^fief^sr ibine^>ihmf making thel^ Weight 

< ' «i 4^isioMdrTbdj >4(iit 40- 'prevtnrGSoinKM^ f^dm 

• «U cMiMarfeititig diHy^^ii;^, the R/nkMs^W^ftht 

• «« Qtr^r^i^oto^fovi^ oi»4rf jl'lflahner 

oi>>^a#^ iiU ;»uii4 ^ Ed|(tSy wkteil'iiat^fti^'in- 

€t ftcad 

Digitized by 


^fhrQiffia^pst^i^aiiiieit^ «6^wkidh,MlftoAftfa^!])«wl SU- 
^■^fm iMblle!6HI,^i«ho„iifi]3|Mdfef)^ «^» Sc- 

<f* rttr|,.Hira9^ jofitf TftiTFcna of .^oof^imtigm.ttgniiy- 
iff u<ed«^lbeTmoii?«iatt,.di>tl«nk«^<iftf Hie 
-^S Ot«riy» ^adiitOQfi^redyhiiiiMtntmpila^jW^gltt, 
'ff imlilflBl^Wipt «j7a^(fie»n*n.xAfcVvf»g^ was 
;«« 1 2|$ 'Fi0iind« r tM4?B^«: ktvab.iircJiQaMiiufxni 

vb];.i|h(t[ CooWMKi^mkiti) t lo{/^fawi{si:sri<|f the 

'f#liR)c r,|k(bg»2iMSf,t;^ of 4hfi JQUMf9»sv«ff^e^y 

.Qrdctrte* ihe. Epopfjofe-s, cif jehc I^f J^e\#n(^ Op- 

■o f«:SkWr 0fM^0|rcr94niC>i ^ ^nitpfH^rnl:;:j^ura • 

.^. J<W!;..0fj|;bfElTOp?Wt('s3li«af|iC3Wvv ,bn;;j sir'? • 

^ci<. .f|ri^,,ff^4 I© iheiiR<»se8tt«»<^?«btefttM, our 

. Awhor fays ; <•• TlicLErft iKi^gjc^iiJ^ipAf xfeefidcs 

.T4lt*wii...|»iwt(eraNe, ijbfcd 0^i|t)«cikQf)ud of ^ 

i,j}*0.v» .; •« - - ... *' and 

Digitized by 


4»4 .'9i^tW«iultr^iSiI^&dtitiA. 4ft.:t$. 

V t^ofil eiirjy Ttam; jftgc cbaiJ^Ky w^aboiifiMi 
^^ f c «iic(fiiitb M ihr CoAimoiiive^b, Tbu R^ve- 

<^ Mgoieni^d IQ- ptopoiniw. fii»/0ic,iQKd« fifcfiSiGoii^ 
^ quefts. ^.-.-^ Ic is K^Gfwai ttaft Gti^^Ki iSiA^^ 
** were far ftooi bfifig>pj«ivjriii« /Jnw^ tiH.fttr€i^ 
«< ceiMJed Jbcr Cbnquefts m^ of ilr^i) on itoa>tF 
^« ti:syy, Ihoy feened lo j« cMtcdinglf . fcarp^^^^ io 
«« the Year ^59 irofU; ha;]teUi«skOM| .wfaerf Oi^ 
'« j»i/fi^i» aferii&e>Takiii^'CheCit)h0f JPmi iriidv 
^< hje had vowed tbc teniii' part t^-tbe BQoqr^«> 

•f Gold Ciip» in order to hs. being feni to £MpH. 
f< There being |ip Motey ili> the Xfeaioffy exeepr 
«'. Copper, or ft:a&v tbi9 ScMb wtt ^Mgitd, ^Ibr di& 
^< chairgiog ^it; Vow^ fio btirei RecoMtic t0.^ the 
. r^ Roni^n LadiflSi wba voluntarily ^mry^nfiei^thefr 
^^ Rii\g$ aod Omacnfints of Q^ld^ fand;irere«ncllii- 
*^ bwM tb? VaJue ip Copper Moocjf* B«i afier 
^^ tbeC^mcoonwealdi bad, eiBtendad l^e^ C<»o<|iefts 
*«-beyoqd«^/«^, tGold began to ^90w.'€fltximoB» 
^' and the publick'Tnaafury augq»eat«d^;.i8 i&tfca 
t< manner, that after Pmtm ^«yWmr:W jSOoqfUer* 
«f ed AU$e4fma in the 58$^^ Year; 0I; Amr^ r'Ae 
^i ^tfw^^i Eeople were exempcod ^roiii {B]Mg<the 
** annual TaniSi. ^-.^^iduiuftits iteew. .fro«i i^jifiOT* 
** qiiered P/ovinces whkrh pi^d th«r Tl?»biiitar^in 
*f Money {tb?re.beit»g fcvei^al Jthft^^i^ ifl^Flmri-^ 
^ fions) i^OvOoe,goo Sterlings 1-4-^ s v. f. ^^^ -^ 

'*. Tbe Taxes of the CommRftwp?kfeuwercAof' 
f« difFeieiic Sorts^ for beiides the Capte^n^Meiith 
^^ Perfop paid ffne in proportion to Ins-irt^Je j^ate^ 
^5 of^,wbich tb^JEftim3^ioft>«^C^ 
*« fors.!-^-^Tbc Tribute^ which ihc, Jto8»iii' rtoft 
n ^(i)aunoq)y ioHK)!^ the ?oovtm:<s they had 
: ^ *! fubjee^edj^ 

Digitized by 


1^ ftA^dEkd, Wsis the Cafiibclbrt; ^^^-^^ Ckeriiilikn'' 
^ iStim iftshA: KiMh ci iiApoftfr;* Which he leallis 
^ /Hri^ia, Dean^^, arid Srripfifrie. Tfife firft 
^*' itkttidlH the Dam laid ttpon Mere^Andifebfbtigh^ 
♦^ ftito the Ports' (ff Italy: The fecond w» tnfe 
** Temh rtfthe ft-ofts of the Eurth, which Mirai Ibr 
J^ irled^in idindtW ccitatn-ProviftceJ?* ^nt* <he-tfiiirvj 
*♦ was the Rents paM bythdfe 'who hrW tte cbri- 
^'•bt«M L^rtds^ which had been arinfejJdd te';the 
«* D(*hairili tof thfe Commdnwcitth • -i^:— ^ B<Hfidc5 
» khcfc,.thfertr w^^ rfft> Che Ptoduft of if he GAIJ* 
f^ Silvfer, and Leitf Mine* in Sj/^ifi, anddYe^^^re 'i 
♦^ a«d frott! the- 397th Ye^r df i?^^, Mfifc t^cnffecH 
«* pfctl'df what Slaves madfe free Wefe- wdrthV UAief 
*' Jrti^mi this '^s* a t^^enty-ftfth^v O^e ;^r C?«/* 
*^ beitfg then atfo|5aididr Goods told vdfufjftrily; 
f^ "sftid TWO ftr thbfe'ftild by Aaafen. 'AAghjlui 
^ ex«^d a 'twthtitth t5f InheritanGc^ inTfhe cdlir 
^ tcrtl Lihe ; and' ttfdahed, that in* tftfc WiH qT 
?* everry Pferfonol Fortune? thert ihodld be a-Lega- 
** Cf forthe'fimpcror'j without ^hich k cpoM not 
^«' be executed, jVis Ortiinant^ Wifs aboijfhed b^^ 
'^ AfitifninutPiui. Alf thefe together ftyrmed a ca- 
V fori RevWiae, which amdunwi to very confide- 
^ rable Sum», qtclufive of the Tributes of the Pro- 
*'*^inctei 'rtnd tiic Duties which fome df them i^aid 
^•1n Kinii, ^ Si'dlf and SardMa^ upon which the 
•?* ^Taifh of aft 'Gtairi* wai levied. -^-^-^ Thfe other 
^"ftrovincefe, infti»ad of a^te^th, p4W a twentieth, 
•f* or a fortieih, 'of wheat and Barley, ahda twen- 
V*-^iB of Wide arid Bacbrt. -After the m/ii wcrfe 
<* febjeded to the Emf)ire, they were made to pay 
>f'ia>ccrtarn<5[a«6rity of Ox-hydes by way of Tri- 
«• bitte, which were applied to the Ufe of the Ar- 
f«- rdfea, ^ T* iifcre was* aJfo Fit&l or j^evenue Corn,^ 
f« fo cftftfcd, bfccaufe'lr 'Was 1 Part of the Demefnes 
*«*'tif fhe Comiiionwfeaffth. -^^ The hundredth Part 
?^ Yjf fteXJmiii, and tht two hundrtdth cff the other 
v'*^ «f Frditj 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


* Bmmm f» the^i'brai <« s omit iifm on th9 

# 1^ # «'Ptk^ m itie ftiMi^Hmii'W d|^ £a- 

^'l»4eb'i*iek- OfoameiB ot die fine MraU/^t a 

«f War ««re plaeed wk6 tiitti, -idf anvN^iSfted' 
^ gkms <|ppofitfd' tn<^' MBtliife^ - - WHU'^"' 'ttit Wlil0s$ 

** -of k. ■*-*Bb' ' ■ •» *«*^*-^ ' •■•^' ,- • ■ ••■••' tiK*,^r.- >. *' 
In die firfi Timerfr^hK^ -the BiifiMkir ker 
«* ArmigFwc^. <»t^ a ftindie df Gtkft'ff'liif 
<* faftetfbd ter^ EwlWA-Fok, wUkb^^dled 
•* A^MipaiUs Fani: imd ocea&Sied tl|li Nii^ of 
«« iUr«4»Fto be gitm the Co^«u« ibsic Mjow- 
«.* ed^tliefe-Enfigns. > ' v- . ■ '^ •""'' ^ .■• - • 

the fouitfi Chapter iMJodei ah'AMMDl of th« 
JR9MN»'€kv«Iry : x>f tk^e fluikary I^ttnimmi: of 
^Caiol^: of ^ Aloaaof taeH«lit: of die 
FeBCB^-mafters tq||die. Amies: of ^ Prsecorian 
Sc^diein^ and cfini^ny :.of d>e Time Hw the Sol- 
diett weile^cAilkid lo Iwrve i of lirtiftiws of SoU 

diett;-^'- '■■'..;: 

>- III flK IfilrClKqttr ollr ilimtar «re«i>«f tbe Ig- 
ktfaitcdc^f the priflttWWtilMwM In dM^A^of War : 
Hrj^vo: a.^rear OpamniKlatioii of dieic Military 
ifUi^uie; efpe^iai^dNE^j^tte'CoaMneQweakh: 
He'a%ns dwCatMi^ fl#4iic Jnfokncs ^ the J^owdMi 
Sql^ery: A^tiBmdKlt!an&ott& that was e^fentdd 
#pyii^vtie Tfoepit M^Hwws what Tfoo|6 their 
Armiosiyerr'Oi impqfcA jafe ' 
^ 'iatke ^h Chapterrbe^ettdieavtMissiPk isilve.tK a 
Notiott of ttKir EscamfUMcba and -|3lecui:|>tnenu : 
■ . E e of 

Digitized by 


4a8 ^^Wofiijtsg^/ieiLif^ar^siJV Att.«^ 

jf>t %hi^ ^^ner of JUyi^e i» «be Fiddo rctfF!^^ 
March of f^ejfpa/iM^s A^»y,^ Irdm.jf^lfiiH*^^ '•^ 
Jt»s.ddcrHpc^ if;. of the iw«^pif<iix*rf,4rlrf^da: thae; 
>^^ p^dpJthc,^ vh:: ' 

^. T>e,ieycntti Clupccr cqiHaio^f«& iVc<i0uM bic4he 

IJcaci pf, AriiJlciy>: i>of th^ir. F^i6e«i<<>i)» ^^^Trfitha 
^o^jtc^^i for fc^pgJWafes: i:of,i i^erM^nnnr/^'^ac-' 

thcOi:dju:!of Batdc;.c^'n^ ^v, U iv. /* 

' .in» ^ Jike in. jtdMlkmi to* 

Qffnipt^lty^^ 5,. j il^e Honour . faff rvT>«iui»plh *? 


fjivci4iy9^s iParVicwJ^rft ^r«*?ftn^ 
O! |K^t.Mjj*?QQfc^.i3i^h« Sybils >j 

Moman CiTCuirs, and the i^y;rr/.xV.KN^^c^:iw tsJ^u^^^ ^' 
In jh^ thir4..>^.(?^aAnt^;,ltij 4qiJ(^ 

the Thei^tjt:^ r/.wJA tJiq,^x^i:fEii^iB«>ts,pf h©W 

Digitized by 


.'jaw»pBg'9ttiFiihttg.\f-i'" ^^-. .'.v* !'• .'•■'•■''■ 

*' only Phycepiii$-^$a!fdii kH Sm^fer^' ' aiid Dincetis 
KJorari«*U»^ftson*?i%hf*waa T%|*w^ 

>iTaftc«tf<giSodOotti<fdyv ihd CbmtiJiins wV^- 
*Vp*efia»'it^-''Tlkfl'jSheWSi' WMeh^tilf jjien Wert 
>*• gtoi& a»*:^rf Hnsid IJf -Att,' were 'ftsirci -infi^iior 
*l<. to ^hoft of>^ Qt^eAK «men^ Whbnt'xh^ j^#0ps 
** of Dramatic Pieces were «jfifih die i|^TncJ]pai A^ti 
^«; iflothml. i^i-:^h wa^ not; the faitie actntukft' 'fhe 
'Mr.;^)iiM)iisi.:«t^«!yCittjieh^a» pt;oWWtfed;to^rodian^ 
V tiM dcq^^k 4« <«»a^ wx^onlfjt M^ct'bf Bxclu- 
^ ^ fidfn^d Office dAbeC6fi>m6AW^,)tK; tMk' 
«« <a !^Ai6J^ i*ar''itkJ*H«tf 'C6irfca3di^/'''M^^«ir' 
M whidi'dw «GftHlbi' ♦MJtiia'nW'haVe ftfttd" iwrrtf-^ 

»« Empcrort'iiHted' this* iiawiwiftinot'lttesiWqb.' 
•ft ict«ed'J«kti'fb'mtie(i Scrilbtefi'ai d<^6^¥h^^6'A^ 

«fr:]6ii|(htt"iA'-th« ReptefeiWa^A ^ ^ebidi^^. 

ooicrvea aiterwaras ojnaTc nmap-incra io>^eai; 

Adi«ik««i «#:g0oa^lWter9/thatife^«M|:'WJ». . 
;ftife4*'i<rite»t%'thetfi, «i«d'-Wdbtietf 'iHi^ idd 'if^ ' 
-» -JawiaaittafhiibNest'^ith Aciii rii 'a^'TSii^iieViWt?^* 
*' -il^Mbtei ioth^ir- RiitA^\ ■ii'i(mmo^^'Mic^ 

«« i?0«K witb({i«l^. 

u !<M^wad ffOtn the Greeks^ condftod ^ diSerenC 
E c « •• Parts J 

Digitized by 


*f nupts'-if'^Md iti fttm& fmbjMei«har a9 #iis '«d)^ 

«* Ufe' df NxnettY #hidh Wei«''neb fh««iH^^tifPtRfe 

♦• i«4ik;h thct/tt»Ar tife 5f^a'^ri»^<Sf Ti^ne* 
^« *i»d fieniM'irtfjer, 'W ^hkrh.thiey ■jget^^B'ifiiflfei-efjk 
■«•. N*m». ;•■-"-'• " i' •''■■' ■-■'" •■:■■'- i''.-:u" .-.: '' 
'• In' thb^ldft Chafer ^fchitf Book Mf€< llit« dh 
'AeoMrttlii^'the-Apdthdells: Of thetRtt«s> rdktin^ 
to thb £^aB>: or' thb RbiUMHT'OtnbaX'S^Mkei, 
•and MbOfMBg : ofiQladijftort?'''^ '•'-'■': ' "" * 
i' 'A'fti*i%'thd«««rigdf6!rtg'theDw^itt»ir-At^w 
'^(brib^k f tie ip'aMrat-G^itlMnfKs. ' AtK^t)iiB4[:6tHpre. 

nhk Doee^ft^ add whtai'tbote op fc»«n'Eteyi,^tf but 

■•* k>mgfii^if^'pm^ffdtip'^'(t>nPj^H\ii U^Utiotis or 
fc«JpfStt,d&)6f *thfetl!fediaft'd *Wi% '^bfeV^, liflli^ thb 

•'« aitwa»^«hie I^inelpatM'ifcidJfiPhiBf^hadrbrttnatided 
'W'^kridgfeS^. ?'1rheyi>*teWi iftbitty^ RfeftRtofcs'Af 

.*« KinffiOofe Wy>'8bns',f*if Hi' hatrinyi-'^FAr^tftt'Cift- 
'"^^crof,''«hfe'Bfei H(»^k'^ WrrrM!t)y'^h*)«iHato-J^>V arfd 
"f^toFa t5iWer«fJ',-- fey •-OfilcefsVdKi«8fdtersn^ 'Als 'fo 
-«J tfteiPtopIfr'df ftTiwrt-C^ntf1t^oH,'■^ftf^4^(^rt•'&ffri•«i'd 
'■^^■%\i i'-km .-fef '6p«n -fefc»*-*yf foil?-' Wteii^r^isr 0/: 
■'■^^•}ff^(*i},''*/hti ig« tRtlfll'/r^iii^^bjI'dftlflSaflheft. 

■ •mi »' s 3 ;-i « with 


Digitized by 


•* mournful Air, They were followed .^nftPI*! • 
<1 ' <»ff;j!ingf,4igf«)?d T<m^ rMmm^-,^^ wijl an . 

,^^TthSiJ^aM^c^4.ay^^e ^%)S:4fK<^ ^igpi- 
*« tie* he hadcnjoyedjo«0ffilCSU-|tfd ^e^^M I8«d. 
>5c If Mb»4f^ofil«<4;}»J«n%ji -ifeJ'^i^jif^iRflWards 

^•?. jS^ft9*^ alfo cmj^ m WimimmiMvii'Mi' 


^ Jig|i>fl«jd«9ii^fe>|-Cfil»$Si|)flr9?AHe^.^(!joi»c 

??f pncR^fi^e iB»l5ea(?difeyf)w(ffirfh«cfei(ili5«<«ear- 

-fft:rii>««il«>fe :7nTbfi,(la$fFrt,ha4,d^?^goorViilJ}ei«» - 
bHi; apA(^4»if!i3^te5ft-tSlfc4"«il ; )i<ll Vy%it«oi;)^fwr 

b^Vi«b(^6ufyjBfs ft..l¥Sfii«e)Wi»kfi j^ajp^^iofltf tor 
,.,-,, i> . E c 3 **ftrious 

Digitized by 


^r^mm^pi irfsm-^^s:i^m<mfm^ 

^kt'Was torhed-^ovj^irdstW^ 

the Wdutfi^' 46 ''pli/'ltLriik for 
Ir'-ter -• THe^ Aw^Be was" 
If Sicl<is' ^ftih tyte/whgh;thc 
e^elatiohsV ■ torfting'feV; ,?atkA 
!f 1^ ptj fii-d; wlth'TQVChfes'wtiich 
f'ih6m'/'artd S^hitft"'"''the fire 
feVihto^if tfte *HaBits," AVAis. 
■*in 'whicii" th'f t3tfOn(5t 'lik^a iftbff 

s \verc dxiiibite'd 'to^^1:)t5'ea}e "the 
id. — .^Chariot-faWs Were foftie-, 

re, reiarefefited tliere ; iV»'d'"tKro*> 

[ag^nificence, Feafts werfe giyen 

, , . anq Feople. , , ^ , - . 

^^'AA/1ieh.'th'e feday was do^riiijmed, * the' Bbnes'.^n^ 

^(hes of it; were^carcfuJIy;,co)Ie6led bv the Disceaf^dV 

ncafeJJ'felati'pn ^^^^^ '-T^tle,' as piiir Authoi: 

vibc^(^x }^ 'were . witrfiec^'^wuH Mlit and'^^Wine*, 

*| ^^m..^cp,^ put^intp an.,yrn of piore.o^^ lefs viliiej^ 


^ ^ '^" *' fund, 


Digitized by 

Art. f 5\ ■p^^P'M^m%^f>^^ m 

4' an tsi three tjiii^r-. wft^ '^^ill^"'^^^;^ ' f1 

^^^ .._._, 

^^' Were J)urm r, a'CcremoW/i^N^ 
•*| tinae^ , as . jvcll. as ihat of ^q^vir 
^'. thCj T.op^^/ . As to^ thpfe Vi^hj^re 
^^ burnt, 'jch^. were cdnin^ 
^*Vof ' open', Cgiflin^ ^ or, *'K,;l'%-.. 
*f Piflindion, ,into a.Tbmb'.olTS 
•^ in which '^' perpc^ua]; X-'anip v 
'^^ fomietiroe^ little Figures of the t 
'^f J^hia fs»' ca) )c^' L^chrjmatQria^ 
^ 'tai'^edchc Tears .fhed ziithcitYi 
V C?rc'jT^OTy\ condudeU;^with if 
**^gl^ql£4 Supper" ^iyiti tb'ttie p 

f^^aift|^tec5 .ro'the People; ' Nine ^ ,^r.j -.-,,^,^^r. 
«V^ was' another F^atl called l:he! '^reat ^Suppf r, ] of^ 
^^JVTV€f?iJhl's! A( tlVli'Ent^rtainmq^^^^ Vq^ thf 
*.' CaftoiT), to quit black' * and to put' on wIm re 
/^•^Hcfbes;' '- ' ' "- V ^ " '•' •'"•'_ 
"-.^Tft^ Article niall ctofe witti fomc PaV/icular^ oT 
wTiat ipur ''Author has ' faid^ concernii^ ;the Roman 
GWj^qrs- '^ There wer? Itwclyc Sorts <rf*'them^- 
'^ /wlw ^QqH Vh^ir J^ames^eitherrirom the Arms withi 
.. , t • E c 4 *' which 

Digitized by 


-» _ 

*'»of!&¥iP WH II %?F?^f ^siSer^i^^ibvwR the 
♦ah BWl«m" teci fKiM^'bfy'J!tierti»ac!4c' ^Jrf^Cfti- 

.iha|i|eflpi^aR|^||tTBii„ffi6WT adLiPTM^t^asyPt:!-. 

«' fons callecF£a*^ir?«o(i*h(^'l'lAi«3^-tft?^Fn- 

3r»> fWfft's knimm mmm F5g1#4i?tP4S, Yo be 

i\if tljey^tJ^a^ftJd5R>mie(e' ^xer*iiresy"aft{it'dSlifM 
i>'^« J^fed-'Sj'i^efirWftf fexhWiFgl'a^iitorial«h^v«ii Who 

,/«- 1 t^ifl It oBtLyi 1 7««i Eiil -'L.. : iiiii '^ . I ■ , ►^ nr.1..- 

^'«' g^s-'tiri^mtfi tfit ^Wcl^al Kr^nsoPt^ Coin. 
"•« nftih^e!ifth*«haa'<5fec^6is of «i^iH'^l>;> Wh6i» 

l,^....^'^», ^---^ 1.. ...,.•..■...' );^ - .. 1?..- . 

^«' iHK<»mp6)l^-!fl« 'minirFed Khrg?»rsrnii«it3frthyce 

-• «<^fe«<«1iiaiScPdf'Sicfe^4«iji)rm6lprf C^VkW >df die 
--^~ ••'^mpSfe'f '^Ifd-v^tftf tWaW^^cHtiugti TOxkR*'^ 

<< to fight in the Amphidieatrc with ««ii ^^MiottAr, 
*♦ or with wild Beafts. 

Digitized by 


*^, ft«i»;.^W.w54i(jF m , . -_ . 

** gcnce to )fflii<^,fnirJ5 "*"'* '"'^" ' " 

*! Widedi V jKofc :^ 

r *.',.,intcrpo^d for fhe 5 

^ To/fignify 


iify tb^ biJ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

* * 

.'. mtkrHigafd MSe^ttfi^^. inmaffrt^ rft4r 
-^ fitmce^ 'Snd-tbt^ JDlti^^ a^ 

• iMttMl^ hpvt ftr the Sttpp0fiim^}ofm<<imi*i 
, ttk T<nf^ is.defettMU m the ^^rktcifkf 
'' ff ftmfil fteafinf. mfntr 'BidUgUet Bj 

t\?(f»ted.Jor'^ and P. iCnaptJpn,'' ta |jd(jg^e,T 

ftfeKM '(JPfl(CCrry«gj.i^¥H»riftI ,w4, WOl^grW wb»- 
|}*dc«> vLitte jSJrt«»09S:of , tjw. Soul i /i#d..^h«f 
$«tih«;ir4" fee jj®4i3-ge!od M . thp 'Wifd^m,' Jpftice, 
f»5>^i3Q(Bd«»lli>'ief uQec^i Ji^ltjie jbJrd,! the .qE«aiq9 
^-Ae A&g«jjwitb:r^^«a tq their, tvro Pfiacipjes, 
»*i»BO(|*fiStitas alfe thc^nfi^t .I>fp«;iop of,.t,ute^i|f 
|>wi(%i)««d iP/<»<*ri6^VjA?^ wh»t a|>pcjpe4 

lB;i?f«fflrJ,'' 4ttv^ftl»ft.:A?re^jl§,an 4tCtempt,|oJhcw, 

^ JWbi;ttd,p,HtHfo)»itjafty ja3jj«H*.qvab(jff4 Confer 
«ci>cci '^f^tt-and H^* are ^.Sp^ftkeou: J'h* 
j&A'«t^j£W^^V;thftJa,t(Sf an J)fma^erifli'^.\-~ •-■ 
u-hk tJbfcfiiiKC<wferefJ«<^|»helre rgjr«i»J $u|>gfin<;cf nd 
^ii:i^twtb^*rc„t^jT<i^i£s,;' Wir. I^iterlqcq^OFg. bprroi|r 
^ir 4trgvimwtt,i:l\tffty^ffpa) thg y^yiatkiiin opipnc 
jbaod) aa^.JlcjiJJ'Mr-iijW'ii^VJt^onEipafabk 5%ju>cir 

bfib.-hMfO? h^jek fijpwftdW lbl8,3^(f^, (^.aBj{,t|)ing 
|»(Mir k»ip9 Wfiiaeq.ia..^; ^bjf^,: 3 >Ke^inay/ay 

Digitized by 


oftbefe invalaable Pieces, much the CitM as Alfr/i-^ 
bavi did p^#y^V ana tM piro^hcts i^lfi^Men w^ 
not be convinced Aereb|y, ' of th6 Itnpoflibllir 

ftef feoTtho* ^Ven I m\t^m flbtti HiJiVen iH ,, 

i^evring thfe I^^ in ii^at'Maiitieif Mr./^wnWrff 
has follbved'tJie twt^iliuftrioqs per^sl Jb^«e-{r»piir 
tioned,.indifco«!il«^<Jh idbisjifefiil Tnjth. ,,fyir 

9ordingir«. ., ,.. ':.c • ...^;. w;. v'.i,^ 

;^fter g Ereafoble, wherein Jbnje^ thing? arciaiq 
^ both Sides for leading them to tfee Pdiiit, ^'ihe 
jf»*iM, CeH" afkro*' -^^O^hor; ^''Hkdb\- **lSt 
<^"^\aLt M<Jthod he :ihatf b^^jle^tdfi^mi-kjoft knj 
<< clearlde^ qf ^uch a^SiA^Ace a« 1v talletf'l^A^'- 
<♦ /<rr/«7 ? To which Pbado replies, ** Orily^by 
^"ttimifig- the Eyes of &\t Mind ttpMrJipaf^Thl 
«"y?evi^irig' its Varibds FiVia*wr$l'riH*vOjjefatiflb!^( 
**''|Voirti hence Aiay a Mto Ihirtfifiii fibifcft an'tSttl 
<*''ttf an /*f»»dWM/Sutffl:dpc€,;:a» lM}'tai»«f tittl^ 
**''rtal-<ihe, . by Vi«wJng'^thft''efWSft -fifcdy lft-||ll^ 
P ttif^"-f Whertvcr thfthJ fcwCi^w, *^ fhi«(iSng; 
tt^fflttf Wfting; ahda-'Pdwcr <sf »<^-4tt»&»«W'tU 

<?* •aha'dsiid'Maifcf/'as' y5ii<afe'^|Jli*[ft*fte1%»prtt 
^«'7(i~>is rtot'bniy cap^M* '<rff bliC»Hil«gib?mw!^f bi 
^'- IhtOpitition^ 0!hetlibiKe»rwbh 'Ik, fisi^'m 
*' aftive and vob\iI^ 3*'*v«Vtofly'^a«ay-ft«in='a4 
«^ %iftl: fotti^tilniis- fo i»>»w9ritt»» "^''to ^ick3tiiJl&ni 
"(* ihat a^ half-dead tl«Mi<etvttV 'be!ttslll»l«-t9'ilfSdcb 
■*""thc Earth ^tmdl ' td^ tWe i^«y C«flf«^'^, :Ta tJi^ 
7>MfJ' ^yiy-**:-VrhefiiT!^itt^ i$<hlRet4inieiivii ant 
^»'' li/iycrs;' wB^ n^uflPootlttVigJrteiii? ^h ilHweby Vpwi 
.<i nbbnfceHfha^iil^ (dif^^hW^iH^ M<HtOnl cownuDtl. 
^''ckfeaj-of cveni Pfti«^lfr-of--JD^ «iii»d »>«. 
'" ti Nothing 

Digitized by 


^, ^eweennt^m ^? Tw?T-, A<?<i as fp aU th? .-ji^t^ng 
^-09l|5iti8«f'nt ^ftm,^l^ Aw.fhJsifoV, ,;j^o. 

*«Ui?hf~^nupf4»af<^A%a^oqi^ itC^PfSS pf^iW^. 
vaijsj •>.> ' ' '■ »«• certain 

Digitized by 


'••be jaar- as-dif»^t's&'''i!!tePft<ftai«»of'TI«g^i« 


Digitized by 


4aQ .^?^^&s§^M^l<P«ft«l^»«& ilct<.j9A 

•.V'^uiMhft ^'wm^ ^,^rt^ Sfii^m:eJ»om^.\x)»ie 

■H'il^iai.owihNifKirr.. ^ qptnackAowin^tliaieiii' 

: .ciPi«fi/a.i(wn»:i0iirwii;bHtn>k> a^ t»^J^ Amuj^ity ' 

ifffl^wiclely.vl^H* i*'.>pei1fti«(kd*; that ;.Al:«iui^rx)f 
**nfibf ^ft«iMj jwfeft. o£-: A*- AnwotSiteliiBMdVcht' 
^••Sotfkili^lM^i^^iQtticAiM <<&i¥Bt«Mft»li B<iog«ifma» 

. - .£|[9Miip<l!lk^Mii: aMacksi iMia ia.iike^ ef)«Nii^ 4^^ 

n9(» !ltbQ)rba(}ifa0«Bri maoviod .to iev^ o ftfothmi) ^Bf 
^iwh ttlwtyj Mttwd^l ,if»i^>wJ"cJy coiowBRthiswihf • 
T3t0&f'm>69tfii >:fottlrel iScKtcv t. . >.&» . i^fsce-euc^^/i^- 

in«terM^ityi.A0d.'d4^[«t^ uSuMlftatKe - in>^Mq>suate" 
Stem» iby:T)pHnit^ia.:ii)tghtyj puftzjifig 'iC^ncifjiato" 
P,bmdo. \J.^. -Wj»3£ j«< ao: iitiai^riiii $idNft«Meitfl» do' > 

•*:4n|sMig»We i^SubiianciivVtaxr^ei^ torui^oiw^r^* 

Digitized by 


*« Nor can 1 conceive, bui >k i|hittft$>8iil(ft(talb 

4g;toft'^ incorpoirtiia ^6itf') «» riilM'(W«iffil)fl^6«(|. 
V : li<«e that ait 1^' it<4(f ki^hfr' Nnk) ^l^figirv wtpm 
»!^ U^'io every <khcr Piiti ^UL.'^dlKherlM^'By^ 
^Glarh bknUelf iharntiiiAs^ TtiM ^kf^Suf^^ikif'' 

*f fint." To obrkte'tlii»» PA^tA'icJMlrtesi tfarf 
AetesmMd Dodbr likewiSe nliaiaMiMjr^«^-Tiitt<th^ 

*f andthdOttfore doesnttt) and ciniMe'4tfi#>«9kiidl^ 
«( operate upon every- PsM »f >heifl6d)^qbbe(Ml^ 
H iUQtW' the Bitting or daiiifl^I<iMve«rii«|d:%lflt^ 
•<■ wbioh)-by'L3WB and GdmRfluiicatiMW ti(^'Gli&V 
<it.ap{«^!rtg, tiiav)ence ilie^iwhoki Betty.v ^^^»»tKii^ 
** 'Ike'does not fuppoib thit Sbul toibie IniJevoy ftJAnr* 

«(> «d it^ 4* ittfropittgitf^, ->'■Thi^'H«^liM'Sl§l^' 
«* fees the Images, to which it is prefent, tli^Wit^'' 
<»^» t^««4» »g»<».-^^ic(ri n h4ftctto^a p i P^ i ri »l fit t^ 
<«^ 'gibls-orincDnriftsM!,- ib<ui:4id'i%reifcftdeibi^chd>d«ii£> 
*».-is poc'riaecffavy-iit ord(3r-i»Seniiiddii^<idwfi'k tm* 

«< l/l^>M^i^^^-<^Thi»4m)r'be41Itrfk(Wfcd%^4h•A%h»A 
«« id* ilot yer«onoeiw^k,%tlteiUyiN%^ift^;'< 
«:;:ixMf^W4ien yow mtefa-an >Ht%6chORJi['tWe>eM«^ 
*<c'n:)()io(ii.Motic(ns»>are Infinediat^'itttHttaHti^iciftti^;- 
•^ froiti-'Ofse>£nd of th0iSiiriiig«>toiiaiMMlMii- /->^«mI ^ 
**.^iiit;is>on}f;me End ot ^itiriMt' chci'^itb' 
*^:/dr)ktl'i <ia;]ifae nMuMp i^ighciiiM:amA^J]^iaftd" 
** vpB-ciptiw Bein^^^migk^-^i\!^'rittaitlsmi<i't^' 
«<'jd)eiScrTngs, beihdlaff&Hfiblb o^'^tilMieiEigiH' -a*''' 

. i ':' . " our 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 



Digitized by VjO.OQ IC 

414 2&.W5l^]cAf/«f^^^»s^. jj^.;^. 

ifen'^he tdhtraiY, '<ectWB'.t(ibi fc\fiia|e3 oF'^^- 

.j« created Spirits j ai^'corife^ep|lyf,at iHe u^pcr 
V'«(id^oF'thc whole dr^a^n ? -^l:— itnWU.l be iar- 
^tchWdttoWca, that Jet treaturcsb? of never ip 
V«*>h^ja"RaTik,;it is'hQt'abfoluteiy iiiipbffible, 1?« 
^♦••.thfcy'Aiay deviate friinf the greaJt l^w pf their 
*»> 6cit»^. ' Fo^- as ill «i6(^<i/ Agepts i*«i?,T»ave L*- 
•"■^e^^d t.*»)crty rtaVlsc ab^j^d.", Andtbrtre- 
^''q^fiiiy'-'^cdottrM tb'thfeii; ^ebavio^r thw flflU 

"fi^Jlfti^Iii!^ firt'cherini 
^•f'veffifi «fit}'prowd'e 
4* fifies W'dVery Crek 

J" •He'^tvtt-;' this h.iii 

*« by fett>Vi(} ^rid lnf< 
V>Mngflts.'-^^'Ahc} ttef: 

^ ftaid^in ncctt'of't 


Digitized by 


ffbipn, m\^rck rtppsts ,;^o, bayi? ap- 

**. — "TT ^niJ 't^ Js owned that' the Creator tbrcfaw. 
•'^*' . Ft z when 

Digitized by 


4^A 7fcy6fcit5Vf^LiMEto?il6l.^ 

^< whit tifc jie wbutcl' rjiak? [ tjicji 

f*' f f om coniulrfnjg the Hoc ik vfp 

** affirin he Gfeaccd fuch' a^ ^ih.} 

^' and wiio, Stbcft, muff h His h 

-^ furcly, to fpcak . the fpfr /^ m 

••^ w;;/^ which is very Im t our 

*' leicas of an All-wife Vit\t\^^ .Now ip this Fbadtf^ 

-or Mr. Ferromty replies,^ ', ' - ' ' 

• *'* That m yf//-wj^ B^iflg can do n6thiDg m 

«^ ^j4/.v, is^rpadjly granted. But ft docs not folJbw^ 

" tlm evt^ry thingj Is^ i> vaitiy the Reafon or Ufe 

** of ^il^iich we arc hot ablc'to'dilcover: For ter- 

^' tainly the pfcfullnefs or Neceflity of any thmg 

•*^ ^annqt depend on -otir/^i/r^w^^ tkKno'wUd^t. — 

^*^* AnhoneftHufbandman,' w^ Ba.rnsdc^ 

^t't^r^A.^i..\ u.. *u-> LightningV and hisCornjty the 

P at^ *F^at 1^ i iteafoH or 

ler; ^ Ajpd'^vqi 'li g* tfec Whojc 

^; ignorant as thi ;'; yk theipc 

rhei' y^w^ «^f.f*/f^ J^fc things 

!prefeKt,^--r— j^'As- ?b thie pcfier'f^art 

>fi, i|; js mdeed^lfey no'^^^ 

.^lOnofpr^'pf t?^dpV to y^imkgme )te 

ny IBeing,, -je*;/y&^ 4 ;&jf^^« th^^^ 

,^r jTH-, ,.,, .,/f/^hirn/"^ur where ^ 

^'s "aiftt^cy^v t1^^ W6a>te)y wrf^ and'' good God 

'^*-^piould, ;ci;eatft i'nnu\yirai}ie ^tin^i^ erilauccf >itji 

>' ^FctrBdom,? -rrrr Is^^^t thi 
.V- Munkrnd.?; 'I)iij!i5ii^t, flfc/^ 
>^Uife. they would niajkclpi.i 
•' any RcflcftlQn \ux\' hfs C 
** that, fore fee iHg they wou[d 
^ jc b theif i'owcr U) do^^t ? 
,^ t^on on tho^ ^ttrihures, u6w cbmci'it^io'be'aiiy 
.. «v)ruil^c Cafe ot. oth^v l&'clri^s I J::^;B|^r^c1csf .dbn^t 
f* we daily exjperiencq y^ariery W'Tempta/ibn^ i^otn 
* ^ ' ^* die 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

; Pu^Cd'?i'f^^h'?r^objc^,-tKaf'tfeo* 'it bfe noting 
j^racliqieat Qf th^j^ ^o<^n^, of God, thai*" Maft 
ajicuiid'be bmpted* alsliiiufery'^edkJngy yet,'hiS 
|?pMig. f<»JQ .»uC6i:tain Deejxis, . &nd Itf c^rtfiin Cii/a- 
■ijjii^UnjC!!?, ./rpay. . ," " Sd^lb i .R^onr hits beeA 
**, le^^t^y ^t'v^pqty. tjrhes to tbaCAittmiMMi' Ksf onfc 
>f„ parti?«!4r. Sjej^and ti»4V lialN^fe'T 
>.' ' prbcc«d Jfoft vtfiSs '^w^ 4^%? "atiidwt jrh^m - thte 
>'•_ Qij^iQn'iw.w' is t ' hss'^nG^ t6^JJ^t^t:'ui^^ ' 

'1 Sappft&OQn/^fttffcVed juff' as'',rtucN,?ri^ he 
V?.. would '*ia|M:.4w», faa'£i ihiCtia' bifcfl' id. ^d» 
.» .T^mptenf^A;.;:, •■■•:;:"-''■ -' • • '^■', z; •' 
. ^ppri U)i%/'^^'ifks,,* :VS?hfcekf * Man' WHr^ hA 

Mc,: oWns ttat there, is' ilot ;.fitjirtNrt ^^T*touitJ 

D-igitized by 


^1 .%W9liid6V^i^al^jiia(B^ ^.sOi 

Cehs, and fuppofingi ** that half a Man's Tetnp- 

* tations«;««ingk|tirdytythi^^ 

•' fequently, that without nim the Man had efcaped 

*! th^ Man \9A tertiptedMO/many livcm time? of* 

if^W'liis^'Stefe artd CondHitm^'ih tfii^WVia,^ ^nd 
^^m^'Cd^^tif; gi^tvdrl^tmiform^Defigti in the 
iv.vGo^raiUncnit^Biid Ck^gipfi^n of the Wboiey 4-.— 

;^«^ti^ns<Hdoitf tbeli^ affed eitherihe ^ifd^H^ or 

^^qaiintrit wittt^qr^M^kc mi FtaiKie j Hid Who 
'^\i^tmiti6s'' ofU'MiFfererit^Wrftits '^ttdi Cabac^ic^, 
^^^im&^^i^i'iteli^^^eurfelm^ '^^TKert IS ftlrcly 
x«A*ni (imjbr^t»\i)evtnattei^4i5tiub^^ efeuld 

4!^Aeji|31y piWrwit$bwViril^iBg; ^om 

JIJ^WM^^^.^ I^ft*^ O^iRition $v yet vho 

rme ff ProvtidcaH^, ^kk the 
proper t^ iSx ? — ^ We i^not 
tf fay, boz thxs^ n^ight W de- 

"^ftbgether wottfey^ of thir^ if. 
I^ fhoit; ^5 foi^as tW^ Bc- 
.fiVi^ &-j^^QoiM^|lpofek^ tc^ CKrcHfe^feis i^owt^^^^ but 
\#V^W^ S^^?ft!^nat^.'tcK : t^^ 

y .^jhipr^ jcai? .^ip, na re^fon.'i^l^ 9bjeftiQn.agj^ip^ any 
*^ onc.Attribute of the AliTiigHtyV ^ ' ' '.^ - 


Digitized by 


l^oGARr^HMOLOGi;^ 5, ^,/i&(? wbolf f)o£irine 

I* jj/'XogsuithaiSt Cottiniflnand J^ijg^ 

[ Theory: and ^ f^ra^^^) ^n( tb^^e Pii^ 

::fy^^^ tbf 


-^ Uarnihg. * P^y^/Il!. AtMefdfd^^W^^^ 

'^ ^ Ldgarithms^ ik d'^nep and, mon 

Method than any exf^^f ; vik'. ^iyAt!lanon 
of Logarithms of Ndfural Numbers. 2. A 
Canon of Logarithms of Sines and Tangents. 
3. ^ Table of Logijlical Logarithms. The 
whole ieing 2i compleat Syftem of this moji 

^ -'-t^fuf- )tri-^ and enriched with all the Im-- 
' • F f 4 prwements 

Digitized by 


■T-»>-.uv '.■;)'^'.'i .^t^^ttivTA Vj 1- j i.'.-jfii-.ic 3{il 

1 the tnm^ linwm o^ vt(«(dc«.«2%«^ Dfi 
^iioiMW qi^;thtff.atfiBlltni(in4Jwft fcwKiY<;^ » 

phlftK^ tilt; if^-fonJe-tRldtviiB tMtfiWnt.)^^ 

liMnii yyigwpWiiiMtCa li itl tg g m '4< B» jrlntfal^fr 
. For as to the TiMgqr^lietiVifK:ip4i*«U 4«ii» 

ta $f! j¥y>^>v»rie98piy^<3»is he i>«»5;/«>d^rt»rt«i 

^met^^^M^Mmf^.^immm i^ii^^km fit 

Digitized by 


ej4rth6Sii , 
the anificial Lines of Nmrnhtri,- Simes 9ad fgmnftr. 

^tarCd^ditel )I .d^mtHmefi iifwi8aAj||di JiliMt«Nl^ 

if/itt m^^gkeOoin^ l|lHi»lciN%M 9flMll|elfaliiv 
•nd Ibch as, finr Brevity, 7^ Cqiiatf(h(li>4liyflfai>t 

Ijtlil'lto-ttllliMi tts )#*hk-'*Wikfe(ik <^«Biy>taUm 

t«ithAklli«ht^Arkty «f lEs|dlM«»^<3eiH»<dH^ 
|M(sd!of2<thtfinaftab«0v«^Mi6t'^ jQ^rWilMh 
v» «fte MadKRitndit EM^ii^- Hb % it "^' 
ihtffr to'ihfr Ati«tffl«ciGk)f^^ 1t^<k>f.^mumrf»\ 

dnlairtf, t^«»4ng Hbw^t^i^Ciftfe'W^fWybM 

MeMbfuldK«f ^bf^ctfiSie^iii'a'ai^t^lQ^. til #iiibK 
)fimf«i8aklenttf('^)di«H^;>'ifld^Mfey:ea^ ol idicM^ 
bfc «iiMd«d!^ litiAi(<i«d ^4Mo^Ain]^&iiteel 



Digitized by 


03^ Si^WA^Aftlfii^J:j^Aik^: Att.i^ 

tlik>^{^ki»^fmft^ he jkfttl|»Bi^ 

ftie onlyafiplMd* ihe Dodrtnt; of/Moftfiobuncmv ttt. 
flW'A«cs)Q£ Giaugiag^ >Tilnber^iiieafote9h ^nd Sor^^ 
vcying ^. booti^e tbcy «fo the moft amnra^lk and nef^ 
caAiy An? W'l^lfe ) ami l^ccauieithe Ufeinf Gii^ib/vr^ 
M/^r ail4iUi^;Mik}{[cl9»^li';bQr^ fiiUjilitatughiii 
gttd aU alongtBfpliedv jTet) in (hcMKik rapreleifteot 
fivto 4ImI vagousr cbtin 4n Mqit*oihfir ArtS): . Aodctlllucr4 

itentvWaf^ ^f \uGligtbo£^ laftruoraits^f t^cJEkemft 
|linAftf#M/# joi^twry X^pcnariohi .^ M^tt9?nx)£ ihs 
^ W M>ttfc l«qwiipct»«#t>jd> too ofi3eo:«jng^edtii» 
Books. ^idivtiML>ciimfpg' , I .- . . -.- .. i - t^ 1 1 u' ?i 
> In<he laft Chapter be ha^ ghcen.a Variety of Ex< 
ampies e f the IJfe of L d gijlmhfl^ m itbms in ihy ». 
fh'aAic^i Parts of Aftronomy^'fbo^ inch refpe£t; to 
Time a^Mt^iokV hi^dbd&'iciippear^^ that Strm'^ 
hogifiicat Logarithms' anfwer all the Ends of Sha<> 
itton/y^^vvknd flhriyi ^w r i hcy »it to beriicdt^Utf^^ 

\SiiW, ^«wd ^^ani» 
1^ P^t5i;^;^wa)l an 
ii jH^^^ull fi^J a 
irdcul^s^r aoi: herc- 

hteefold fcitntm of 
^%;9g#lth^ ;l,^dki^ i; ^jQlf toiiamoRl^ttibeb/^om? 

It ta io,ooo ; and isrfofficimofeF iatiy< Nonflb^ an*; 

dbr 10,000,0009 by proper Rules. 2. Of Sines 
£;0il^a«igiptiitd' ev^ Mdt MUxvitt MutUt- 

yStrari^Foraij ^Caneerning'wbibhjTables'Jie nctcs 
i^tttb 'tMngSiinbigenna):) pixn Firft^' thsdmtfaeyaas 
2j;iTOtcoricrifieddniaLiii!rwaandi>ib^ co^npendods 
-^l^rn&» ^U^ty'eafy an4xi&fblvas>thoiex>fichid.xmt- 
bmoU ffoftfti ^hdA in thasitbi^y takeibut <oitechal>tfac 
-cRottul as^itbey^doiititkat: An AbbceiiaticKv^he 
tells us^ very €(ilKhr»)diaiB^(iandifaeiiopeq»U^f^^ 
,11 '^^ acceptable. 

Digitized by 


tmcspuMk. ^ Secotidly, ilnievGtlmai^&.^ thdftj 
V we cake'kii Word^lbp it^Hs a Mdtcifir><yf the hift 
Qoncdpn^ and the grd^cbft ArguAKnt^io iwomhieiift 
ffaettii ' To-pmve ch«ir Atcaracys' hi! 'iecs ^us tindeiv 
ftand^ thit hcf iit^db<H1s^ e«try JPi^imt^f 'the- tmo 

fle^iVs>kifg0 TaioM; whteti ait ^amed'^'td tMl the 
mdl aocutate of atiy^^iMnt'^ fti ctoing^wbidh/hl 
difbovtftsd feverttl-BrKivs] liertf ^^nd there, arbC 
JInoAt ^«bna^ ia tbeiii, ^K& etriift' as cHlsy wdvie>, ^Mch 
adcot^mgly toiredliAg tiichis,{it6c^ be {irefiimch^ 
fiiftly pFbiicrdnce iketn >che > tnoft <eiittai|i 'ahd<idM^ 
aif well 4s tht moft compeitdKwsof ^y «i ^ing: ' ' 

r >. •...lA R. .X I-C-Jb.. E- .-Xat¥itt: • .. r 

'■ 'irior(kttdduk^4i'e'tbePHnc^^^^ 
^^ 'and Keu QibU InthVitirtd^^^^ 

r^'^-I'^'^^^ bv^ lirv^^tJlei Titk»ti^rrolB«KSi 

^iid Niafeure.i Uiid>dr/tl«^iaiD8{ ti'die tbatci^agrccilily 
aantrutbini^' .by * a. Tatiety pf i;Giirif|a& iraiidK''*a8re6kiag 
^KCideqrs^' is imivefy idivfiflnd fof aB^)tbofe> Jnatgjbs 
^wikckik iartoQ ^many i £koeiy iC9lcolai[til'^ >Brmiile* 
idieAtrbQi^ tetid.ta iftfiismb'the MHads -fthey^ Acaild 
siiifltqfti!.!£t]rjnr^Oi(iQ>^^ ia:4k rPreface w the inft^l^ 
dkimf ] f wpaqaces^Ml oipf e ib its ^aifib^ v ;> .j ^i tt 

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•f^fam^. tyT}c,.^o inilnMa;^ yid imp!:QYe,4^*-jM^dt> 
** ot'tht Youfcb pt Jbpto,.3pf«s,^, |f.49,j()c^4cei. 

*^, tul OT4,pc<!^fflU>le,,t<^ the. jfoi^g^jf Qa^ ^ pf,. ^^ic;!^ 

J f jtjsi awn.varpij^bk l^lg^^ ta 
jr J Jt todiitw Chaja^tfrjR^ juftm 

Qtir^ftU^ it, tl>e,i4Wbf ^afc 

'ligingj Wife V if Jto fffe^: >tt 
n rfof probable, fo naturaly» (q 

: !|> * |nil;4ni]4^i?qeib ^mm ^mty wcn^i^ be i»oft 
>* Vartft)ftor?^tt^i;^aining^I^ be Uud^blc^ Q« 

iKzSk^i^ that all thefc clefiraiilc JEnd$r jar^i c<^^ 
«^,^ thcfeSljCCtt: Aod aj^ be. 13. therefore ccjhhticnt 

. . ii of 

Digitized by 


Art. it BrtmC^M"^ B1t/^if%^. 4fp 

*TAs!fbr thiilittle Woi^k/%e «^'#ftri' 

-s-ther Apology for irtihriWem/v./f^^ ^'^ '^ *' 

s Aftfer this Pr<f»:i/'of ^hrE^it<iiPsr'Wc^jSfe<Wo 


wlktibfrohHG' t»6rft<M^c> -theW%#fficHlfrjt' 


**' dJrtaiohs>tt!vThe '|hartft'Pr(*H*y'ari&-Exi*a-' 
«*''hefs."« ■'•«« aMs, " ^;^a_f''fr^W#1h(^Ilftf^'b&' 
"<» ^ket!Pupon as the Tjitficrto niu«3i'W3fclBa'^^cl'-* 

<*'ard 81' 

«'ahbdtias^*ith Ifvply tni'ages'aha PlffiSFal'^iiHtli' 
^••fr^hts ifetoraH •i5ir6Vlfing/;aHa'Jeite^'i<^' 
*^'aptcij td the IStory';' with Circti}ifti»h«$ji'9ht*j^-^ 
•'-in^ taPerfonsih cdihmbh \^Tt^-HPs^^V'iii''xH 
♦•"-•lliofc in exalted StatitJt«.''"Yfee kititt93t%^r|f 
«• is "every where paid' ih' re tcr^c(fai^»^"i8a* t» 
» cviry Duty of Li(e : 'Inhere Is ^toi^irf KftJeS 
i*- of the Style to the fti*)nij •atSSf^Gh^dftW^^^^ 
**• fcribed } Pleaftirc M 'ihftruafch '*i9^ *JiWfeys 

, Beauty add i..,^ ^„ , 

i< -ffelehbfs., — As it 6orro>»s ootie off^E^ISEn- 
i^'ties fr6m the rohiantitr'Pli§htsW imiiiStufal Kin- 
^ c7,"-icsb'eing foundi^cl- if» Truth,' irtd 'I^^fiifel^andi 
«• 'built tiptiti 'Eicpeiientc, will 1^' a f^'ftin^R^otm-; 

'"«« rriendWori ttf the 'X>^(ccrniiTg" -and'fJWcffous^l 
* \yhitethe a"<reaMc^'^dnJty"'of'0>tWfrrrticcs and 
^^GhmaerS, in ^hldi it'^Bdurid^ V^i' no? 'fail to 
^' lef^ga'ge ' the Aifentfoh' of ' '^ ■ k?f"J^^'"^ri 

••♦''•fpimhtly Rca-dcrs.'-'-- • '- ,■:•■«''*-;' '•••*-' ''' 

Digitized by 


•^« ktMi t^ the EhtWc^krfti^^lintf flHftiMfe of tte: 
-«^ •il>v>^uho't«dWehtt'a^e^W riiitlirlf anti ^'hiteVcff- 

^^* J i^hat iliettt^ to* no r«dii=ig It* Wnhoik imcbimnon 
** Concern andrE'ttH]ki6ri; ^-^^i^^A^^^ 
•*' aod MoriHtyi! it i« fbft ofboA. ^ It ihws Vimfc 
.» v^fii 4he- ^rcmgi^ft' l^ightv arid rfcnd.ers tfrt iPrafticc 
,t« lofi ir^^tnkibie '4nfd\1<yvery'> - «Wkh '^mitiy '6ther 
Bticbmitfnbs^'i .' -i* '•-/.'"'■-"• '-'^' "'<>..." '.-: 
u .Thr»8iibjcrar»6f ihfe &ntt^f Letters ni^y bit funi- 
jMdiup in ,«!» ibJlbwkigTcrttw, Pa m e l a; ^ pM 
%* mesMii burfhdneit abd vir^cubilisr Parehta^; ^ is'takeh 
ii^i».the'Sdirvibifof k pious Laidy of ah hofi^ittbfe 
JKafnily^«'by-whom flie k greacFy beloved, on ac- 
isowt crfithdiBtt^tyof her Pd-fon, the Exrtlfcney 
o£ her Owfab, ^add the^ii^irable Perftaions oimr 
Mind ; and under whofe Care and Tuhion ill her 
iSna'^T.ikttfrr^awiiOiSkf^awd and amproved to' the 
uanoCk; hAt ^^D^&^^ tAiiAs generous Miihtft 
ftnd ^B0iiWa6in-d^v:te4^ir<5(!x^mrn<;^ ta^'&jf- 

jng ^reatbib ^ihc .t^Bett- "Re^rdf fend Painbrtage *f 
ho* brdy^Sa»v^i^<^inJ*^d'^^'™3^'^'^ 

iiagh9yi€bnoat)ii lbr^'d)is ij^ftikUBi ^rpl:f^n,'-^;^ 
may -mM ratk'he^j^el9;d(^^Ac'^iy >of ht^ Mdtftlii'Ts 
ileqiibft^^iiitbqVs£ilthe^4i^ ^ (^r<!)Wft K^ 

pA^fldki itoejuiras^' dt»^lyJiiewartiy€»t'd''^r^tia';{i*T^ 
Vic4eoi{enDfilii9 F^itmr^c^m^t^ihfnf^io^^i^ iNt^lMi^ 
cliodiJiie^^odbld-cffa^ilorJideludk^ .ahii^ Uirtf^ ^k 

Digitized by 


y^Q€» isfii A»rmp^,r^rthe qn^rtond^liwi^ihwr 

;4ei9t$ i^jarc v^yri^flnii^^i and Mt^iime:«afle 
.exwq^ijf WviBgJimUnwrB»Mne*'):j; : j J 'f 
^ T>eiaai«taaybei^i4^rtN^3ffqg^ 

and chinks her Vexations at an end, by^JWfdifiiriff- 
if^;Ji^ ^is.^vi^q !svi4:<^dipg bd^ .tdt;hQftifiQior 
l^tttv Jtio^ejlt. and dei^4yt br^y.fd Fanefltfs^iiaGfwd^ 
ip her reifierafedt Req|i^(l^7( (m. faaiiystfOew laiid»m<« 
^icv/?ws7ir;:iaU fo jwde^*. i f dr. ifiil:«ii)r'x^(!aHMryy- 
ing her toJuyr^FsjchjeriS* KliO}^fiiiw>fihis'^Coa«hmafifc 

jpftr^<3;iQifi& to dec^i^hfi;H>P*)Mk(Miicr,Hwfi» €£)Mp 

/awnvacrpisthqOd!ij.oa?yii ).'.;i(..^vi^t,fifr litu; . t.niM 

^., Thefeibe i$.<:<>mpnii^.ii9lM9^ 

j^ r^^ek^j^r, pi^^'wqrii^fibkrote and yckKnone 

fijariQwlyjjaiid.'iife hei^ih^^Sii^ ^(tofftelii^ti^ tfai 
ji^n&^e might bf^ i>migliCr{tc^<tac^ ki(Drii(- 
jye(:^mk|C^ (irpm her Coot^pei^^jh^Hiiirdfhi^iaM^ 
^p^ce pf bor CbiAi(|r^ -^ : (FrMk hBaofldBeyei^cEti* 
^v^pi^MhrUfe tp/e(as^|ie|.lniieidUiiieira|f^^riAlfio'fi^ 
Jjpr |yi^^,f;9pie$ thiihci^rfflftak^ Pjdpdflb ifiJiifr>0f 
•mi^O' pJ^nffptifn^tiAfSfiwtyl^brocdierfilt ^itt^ 
Mvip?»% (bendt;9i^)l?f^)Si0i?i(af!l)e^yiMan0yv j^ 

«i^<h4C by Force, if fccrelufe thcfc Offers, whiclli 
^^ I he 

Digitized by 


-4a!l ■%<«rd«fcMrMid&aatfwrviii»ii^ 

»il>iriini itirlr Ifcrihft'wm, liH fJMt if ill 

JM»toi*le^iMilltf;llk..HftM»•lr .«f 'th»^ 

ftiniiiiiigiiii— Hiy/iiir Mwrlmis'MeiiMjHflg^. 

of hit Han > dutf^af ihafe wlw mnaliit'lw^ 

Digitized by 


4Bmtf^Bmmm£mii^'Bm^WjiBt 4^> 

tair fttlitn^ lft<''-4t^(|MHtcySbiw^fi[iii)Mlt?|ftiv<4^(fi 
flf»« IMMim-nif Vlb^ail||*a4it die* «K.^iMify.M«i 

aadl ttM';)««fiH^andf^vdv«d^ firigmfiaSiMMI^:aaA0 

tn^Milt •<iJ>«'fiiiii»'i4iiiwi ^MUtaiwi'tainnfiii-ji 

mriKtmm^^mrm'^ ihtf fcfci ww ftn^aii^pptfeit^' j, 

Digitized by 


|RC-l«r«3^fl H^ ^ranuitcd into ^imK^, ^^?"? C 
Vtbc, Memoirs dl iHc^cadcnpy' of Tnlcripxlonf'l 
_ _^ l^lcai jLccttcs, thrp^/uiflectatigns ; Odc en the ' 
Cbaradlcrs oi.Mi^fiia^ ^^irm^. an4^f i/^,. wic^ ^ 
a Comppifon bSw^h hi3 ,two Mipifters A^ippA ^ 

the Gralfcrjr -ot firWj^ .,m . y^^ jpany «%|5r^x4 
Pjoqdjotancicnt ^tali^r^i,; Sculpfurf » and i^amtijpj^;^ 
are '(Jeicnbe^. 5 by the. Abbp ^r^mi^ ; ;^: t'hjrd/p;!^,^ 
the N4t^rV Origin^ go4*Ufe.of ISiIaflcs^J i)^ iheiiri}^ ,i 
c4,I^q?r?Cntatio^% aw^^ilif Anpfri^jl'^fiy^!^^ 

Pages; pabhlhcd'by f. Cooper y at tKe (^a^^jri ^ 

^pr^liurfi^^ tbefc; piece? to\'pr, ;^ 

Jl^^^ .|yW^,<;leg^D^^ and/niuni.Qc£Dt Bncoun.^l 

rageqicnt of jucttep fie juftly. cclcibrate^ • W ,. 

dqqc3^Tpa/|p p^^ t^eH> in JEn^Jh^^^y^i\n^^^^ 
firft: |4^^j, ^!^ fayf .jft. his. Pr.efac^,.. the Q^j)prtur 
nity oT giv1g^\t^;1^^ along with the, THniik- ;■ 
tion^} t]!^-.y«r/Jrar^^ Antii^jaTtyV' reprp- 

hira, ot tJtie^iTC. ... 

VfOrldeqoal : For no where, he adds, even in Italy ^ ars tlefe 

1 wni<Jb,^wlii^e.tney aaornetf.p^^ 

4« „„,^. „^„ , 

or Barffarity;j>ac> J^fe tt^Bi:f^tJpy^. ^ , 

<• wiicFe every Briton^ who fevcs the Arts, VuT rcJoicie-foKnow 
^* t|iey WC placed s being car^ulJy mfeived in a Library, to 

Digitized by LjOQQIC 

iuitslbly placed than before a Difco&rk on the CHia- 
raders (^ th^<( gr^at P|rfGiiagps> -^h^otber Print 
rcprefonts dficUnf MiJJIfs (thfe SabjMt'bf M.^»i»//fl»'i 
Difcourfoj to render which comp;lej;p jnot^iig yai. 
wantihg' butTach a Piite;'ajifd^the &^Jei^(iti6>tsmi 
tlfe fMe'St0JeSl by thfe fi^\:^d)f Boi, in ?i5s-<%e^ i 
kfit'E'fl&yon Poeifyztidi PiifiHH^f whicflMr; fkriiZ^ 
birii %s fobjdlned. ; Tftlis PfJtir i:J'd6Be;frOfn tflM^if r - 
tng after aft ittcfent' ^i^I-^r^'ftV/,' of ejtiji^telf ^goodl '' 
Tafte and Workmani}iii>,' tiVta ac^&»(?l3j'biie qiP;^ 
the beft BaAds thetir for cbbyirig tlifi Arttiaae,'C*«- ? 
imUbPdi^: ^HB^f-r07ie/y^iiyvlt^t(fyMco- ^ 
vertfd, aHd'Was,heV(ei' lin^yedbtftt* i atd tWpraT '" 
lojt it ^uft be a v$-y ^eptiblfe' Preftht ' tQ'Hir Cu- ^ 
rious ;'ihd ft'feiR the <jf}fe^atfdn*-^nd <5^'jSS<jrei ? 
pf Metf. j9(»ii»ijK*^nd </^ ifoir <^»h«tSul&te?, b^r<wi3 ' 
alfdoubii-'.' -. ■= '-v--^ '; -■• ■■: ^^-'^ ^';rj 

The jqftlt celebihitM'fiif I tf i-Kif/M)'s<0(6fet?:''S 

tlmwii;oftheritirt die ft * #^there^eifcou?ife;^tk^^ 
Dtf, fufftbuU could not chufe but colledl them from 
the feyeraj P^rts of hi?,Lc«rdfiiip\yVm ?^hcrc 

Digitized by 


'44* .fieWcTLKS of the LEAkmp. Art.2d. ; 

:j%r^tVRipmaFks;- but co-JMv^Wtet*tr1jc Cftridmi 
^Hght .CO dOi, wd ^. wbtt iiPpiNtaht aod^prodliQiuAti . 

fxtntjUiiho^^ le^dtiiolewbdkrmdcb^^wichiqtd^- 

To do^^bictH ; •^ 30(03 aouftiioc aierety bb 

^* clfcby itjcm: Bwt oner; maO:- be v^rpiwdf ^» 
^«^ quvniDed wiihLAoiiiqudcx'MniT Hiftor^v'.M^itfan ati- 
«^ cienc i^hilofophy* with Mwkbd ^ and udcSr^true 
.«« luid/qtid^Pri(kifni^ . wHiob dedizcesjiii iit» Kulc6 

?* l«lgf <8f ihfe W5)rW.I'. ' The. Grit icjfrnheitt ifHsken 
pti M?<>f*t^'/» M^ **i^i5 erf E'Kindjmtfi iioAc 

^f?. is CrW^fOlM -^'.Hinci'iklly/ wandngiin/t^ ordi- 
l.«> • igry ,CQSf fc^'Vhftt^!fl*Ikd oii^tt/ ditUumdH : 
-vf^ Fpn..^)^ lie^foh ^oungi^Genckfnen.Jiaifveqio 

if' GMf<^i«i^ *^^M?/WiQ««ls, tim tWyid«ow,adidc 

«* particular." He goes oo, "This is fo rafadnKiAc 
b.1'>fl89» fi^/))^.1«ao^f«i£i«*>$hjxt-we;iha^e^ for 


Digitized by 


:?^!:What:CbauanBl:dieq' LefturesT^nk ahdedr-Aut&on 
^^-ottghbcbiday^tanih, ff.iiicjyvMWliri^^fefrttt <n»*yk 

l.'S^. Mdimers; aod^Tbingiv -whibh if ^iKacioit Be 
-ff . m^vadapied to prodcice^; it is any ifhing-eUe^ bdt 
/^ what itiifunics^^t^^ ' ' 

;/; Wkh ffdatioD tcyour:Tranflawr**^Part' in'theEdl* 
lion <^f ihefe DU&ttacions, -wd hai^^ onlytliii^ ^ehitrg 
utaort: ».fhf\\ That he has-mferted th^ ptkicioH 
:;(Aathortties Stftm whkh th^^ Atfbe d/# pTeridH Gm- 

.sffcm (0 hkti to be tofceni»iif the M 
rN43Ce9« - Ooe pmct^r lai^e'Nosc^oontr^rnifiigf^h^^diiF- 
^ferVes its Place^ becaufeM^^idw^'^iJI^^te^N^idna 
.the ADciciir$ had of itrUl^^Kbe|ia^^E^tl^Mjid«L^^ He 
.haa ukfti i^he fame Care >iirhh> fegdrd' !MP^el%f2ri'» 

ptsott.of J^etni^ Gatler^r, <h^fki^ HifiNkd^l^ '^ 
.MargiiY thb Paflages ^mtttdi t^lSSO\>0i<:ihirV^Jph^ 

tiDtts ajgiinftJ^^iW^ i froriftVhiCbtt fefttiSwf? As 
Jot M.£oindinr he is fo^tiH ftftd^^t^^tefihftPRtfe- 
-ffin6Q$^ico ,theiAathorieies^^4nIwMd^ ti^^lidi^ his 

r4i/r.JkiiifOtt:^er^a^ ^bi^'pi:ibK<h6dhsiftk5!(^rds^ 
::.swid: th^ curious Brin^io^^ ^ Msi^i "^temdi* 

vJtioilwwbi •/ f.i •'^. 1 '' J'^> --^^ ^; i '\-^ii'-/-^ " LarheFdrd»faf«i(i)f drisiMife^llafiy^Wffl W-'^afed 
.iioL&ad.niy Lord^4*iifV^ftrjffl^<D^^^ 
^^waliderabb'.ik'Part'^ fei) d^^eViWi^thte^aclcrs 

;i«¥alot3thaanbe']|C)}Qeir(!«idtf£td %V*h'^'^ef^tfe 'an- 
Gg3 ^,Mf, 



Digitized by 


4^ 4ibff ryc*^ . Xi^ J^mam haid aO. Noti 
lijMfi Ail^ MarcfJJus\ Scifi^^ Flan 
^'^«M>><^,\and iWioMwiitfv ^?pofe4 to 

^ ', A^eJg^}a^,.CpriatJ^ 4f^baia^ and i 
'^ ,0iw4< f *?^^ ^wc bebcl^^ Jbv jl J 

barbarous, with the )«gl)eftAdmira 

jwccc.cjMfcyy iiift^tp^d \^th an ard 

^ liihii^ their Country ai>d',TQW0 iRcwfe§ with fych 

xxquilite Decorations. They ftuck at nothing for 

'^.4;bat/JEft^^^Jhe Gpvcrn^pcrtts of Provinces faif- 

*^ ni&cd OccaGcMis to make large Acquifilions of tbb 

e-i^V^.c R%.'flP9^. .c^V abufed thi$ Ppp9rtupity in 

fi--^ lyjrte,'^!, manner jsj |firrir^j(, who ;^comm^n4cd in 

^VjiJH^ ft^ ?T^^/^fR^^d' ^^^^ >^^^^^ Country of 

-»/r^WiW^^^^*'?^ bc/cpuld lay his Jtland^ wpon j 

*^*S!V91H>^J^^^^^^^^ Pe?rk, Statues,! Pic- 

'^ r^gMs, ,^p.^rie Mpvc^blf s plf every Kind: ' ISrothing 

^\cci^d|'¥ morc.jyi^xi&cni tlVan iiis;Hoi#e,J Jiis 

, ,But-^c if pfqbutik A)/: )^ii vvj^T^ jptaccdf^in ;^l)"is, rc- 
*,,^PW41qJ'j?^^(^^^^^^ j^i^^XvjrpaiTiiigany pi thpfe,.^»v€ 

J-., i^^i^9i^^ beginii ^}th 

.'^yuplt/r'y,, ^iidfe^^|^(l)|oie j^^ one o£ the 'greateft Bfjiu- 

' s.r, p4J5ypfc^.W T^vj^^^ There wcXNr 

s..' .j Wl^Ht^^i^Y h di^^gw,iuie^,D)' lavfrrc^I Com spa V'^ io^thc 

Digitized by 


.r^^' ,^ P^ 9$M M^^ ^""'^ #5 

** ^hire^ Statues of tUs Jjiiuiter m tin. World I One 

"*•*'■ iri %ii &kp\i6f;\^c-'^tiii'mimm''^ 

** j9>ofccraijcdat with f&e. oHiet' ^pt^'iSMH^Wi/ihi 

M ooi irt ati dricifcjit Tpttjjpfe onf d»t'*»iti*c(|-1point 

f'^'^&O^Uf. '.To' M y»plrt>\ ^%:thfc®i«** 
^ "/cyied "O^^jt, the ij«w<i«j', ^OTiiJow: "iiiy Ri^fM 
■ •• m that 5umimei '^tie • tfafc Tftie;feftjW/#i*>flr. 
"'; '« ♦ ris likely that tlMniis haS 'ci>fllr6i^ Ass 
';, *« pijecibus fruit p#'iis\Yi£k^ to<l^;thit 1^^ 
'" •* no ^vfe thelionoQf ofbisSacc^mAftpfiiWiMi 
, « toti^Pf«t6flti(»'ofthfr.(ia9«: , >•"'■''■' ■■ 
'' i« i'te 2)i««» of Sir^/?* ,wa*ta> feiSi'ieiftaritablc; 
^ «« It wa pfBrafs,!»,n^i»^in'ajcffe<ac-Sfehie;' 'Mie 

««. Goddcfe wa? veiled Sftar iiie M^rffi* of ti«^lL>i- 
' « Vinttifisof thcfirftOi'<fer.' • '-^ ^'^' ir '" ' 

*• Hef Robe flowed tt W Jf<^; ah^'ftdjMfc^^^^ 

. ^ Statue was bi^/^ni;,^^ 

^ i moft yenerable, Dtk|)ciy i yet ft fta^ qmtcHhe 
** Air/ aU;theg^ai?5falEafe^tu3f^A)E^ 
^^« fwtViigin;/ Her ArrbWi hWiiDon^^^ 

' .^ydct. ^^'ihe hdd aBbw in^liijF*^ 

" >* ^d it w^ not. only qi>fe of the • hoMeft QrnirriAits 

,.^ of thajt Cit^,''bi^'lik!ewife;th6'<Jbjii^^^^c^^^ 

": ^< ](?mfieft )5difOicl6nr; -^ 'f te Cir^^ 
*• ^-ipped it -giij t^iifoyorf^^ Aj^i affcr, ^bfen fe 
inqfic^^ C^/A^g^ wikor^^ it to ihi ifigifidni^ 
bo irHf4ediacety repkiiedit oh its andcnt Pedef- 
I, with a new lofcrbt^on in Capiul Chara&ers, 
cpfefling the ^i^ty, ^^^tnttjd^^tJ^, ^cifio. 

"' con^ 

'« Who irtti4ediateTy rcpkiifcdil oh^its anfciontT?odcf^ 

**^ exprc ^ ^ ^^ ^, . 

/^ Xhis i3;X»^ lb liiuck tide more dcfiirvcs. bur At- 
r ' Gjg 4 •<t«itioii^ 

Digitized by 


•^4i6 (^Vf|ng:f.?^i& tfiflffl 

j«V, WKio|t^,,f|»r,fl«? fiicbi^rmgt irrto be imM tJn 

I *V ,jyS?^^r-^;Qw iQ^ri^itm^wndvftoind^igh^ Ac 

<.u Q^ frAn>)JS^m^i tJf^<fi6i|tcs>.wJlLidtiiim^3 the 

.!^^t^3ei^Q«?W'Pn lhar:C^i«L -;Dhtrf«ifaci^ ted 

^*; b^ei>.j]i;pr0^i»p;d i^YiiorinftsAigi) with great \Ad- 

f^^^O'Cv^typ-g^yifil^ rayfte- 

«;• riQU^<\^i(f«l qf 0^ M4^^ ^Tb^idf i»rx» Was 

^«i. yet lieMJ^/g'i^ftW l^wwiipn^^ Jt w»«»ttnddle- 

-.1^ maofliiRu tX^^; Qpcl^fe ^d ft^/Tfcrck- ins one 
'«< Hand^ to repreienc diofc (he bad lighttdiac the 

Vfrf^ocr D^u^jsr.whpniljPVirft? had .njvahffdi : In 

t <f liqi^. ji^';^f ^^pulpMck^^^^^^^ QraQlcs wane 

.,M,.fijvw4><^ ,9rd?r>i;hc:Q^?p^ o{ Cenoj And 
v**{.D^RM]9ff iWrp fciit frQa)vthe Collegcvwfi ;F<ieft^ 
/hWi^^V'iu ift)PW?ftHP? « t)lcJFcctot;thiB;/Stttu<?, 
'*« who, •tisfaid^.iycrevftrqcfe at iIk Siglitlrf^ 
^5f wi^ IjcjIpfiiAijff.sfi^ than if 

-V *^? *^P(#^/?y^^^^ M finiitiiJiii of- 

..•l[ <>^fli;iW ^S^«^^«^^.9HniWl«t ftfcr»cn;)A4Tiris3aBartie 
• „ .: n , ' *' flood 

Digitized by 


iiO ttoBd ad QhfSc fgtm^ioo^ q^flik,(un''''it' <Hl» 
»* Myren*a Mafter-picce, .^M'^W^tfeffiB^^'Mi'Mfe- 
ffii ikmj bvi)«£:enaKV«d^Bisi9«a»M^'»nli df hs 

tfeiValnrWiitTto Uiei€ikr1«lk "<Tbfcfe'i^hf''Mffa- 
.H't/«{.tii!> tfai»' Qjdlkrr^tli^^ fliftft; 4lfiMii AVtift. 

, iSl^iT: ttot:fid«n4l*'''l4iM9 tdtfrric^'d^. ""From 

£.«> heitc^ ilifeftwiie catnet^S Cci^/^ fif TfiHineris, 

•*« FdkMKr?«> that 'CeleferMria 'WJfc',"^Hi^h fiy ifeatty 

«» travdled toSf/i*^*^ erfpdfpdWFtd ftfc.'^' "Thtfrfht. 

'*yrvihkk\fTirt4s' biiu^- tb^J&m haditJife ^cfe 

?«K. before.-- ^ t '■•. v ->;o -. v.-..^-- "^ -^i ,--".'-^- " 

«« bdrtifo great a Pare ifi th* Pfth^ ttf- cfcltaftr att- 

•'* riami-fcftivalB.' '-Af^they^- ybott^ B?rls "VfchTy 

«* ai'tay«J,Mwho tnarthed 5n the' ielfciWj IP^bWffiofis, 

*' cariiyin^ Baikcttoft^heit'He^fiHeH'WiHif.Pfi- 

*^ ■fentadevDted taiHetkkls, Were'iaidef deMtj^o^tt. 

.'♦f Stich-wefrithcfc 'FlgattsV hnd tlHr Bfcitiity fuHy 

ft ianfvwifed ;«oi Jrfi: • high- Re^tati<ftf ^'p'^yl^tes^ 

!^':-wh0feWorkiti«n^}p'ih«fy were'; ;''.'• «'''^ '* 

\. i«ft!Lecraifc^nB«ricaft^'«4i*fEy« upoii' fljfe ii^Bf^i/, 

« the.(#»ij/^'i iiid thtf- i?fA«JJ-'= 'The Afimy v*4». 

- <*ibn»a^ iiii)m ^j«^<i<iW?/>#htf»'Hif was ^^^'fcfppcd 

.'•f'/iBl thfl .fatrie :T«|ttplc= vrftfH ^iifii^lif. m Was' *a 

*s Deniv^d^ Sub «i';j(/«/J»3bf thlr^lfjyhiph ^yten'e. 

.•iH)iKir Smile jv!a$ fh ■t4«'Fyi*Bl' iiF'-'a^ Vdung ^le'p- 

'.*iM;n^ hJsf&yjddyyriemsfhttVingsb^if wholly' ruf- 

^*';tio>iUiHettUgt«:Mf«lth^Ofc df M?lk. Hdney, 

'•fy.yisM <DUU-ic-L.THfe^/^t!»"<#''/^MJi^ cdWit from- tlic 

tf.4irafctttt^!' >Wt 'frbrfi'^a'^'Temde' '"^^akatiti ro 

*♦ Efcuhpiuit with whom hc"t?i^re'"ffiafftrf-'d|yfnc 

<«'. l#o<»oi3l'i )fJe^iS>Pf^fitJiari to 'tUf ^36ais/ and 

b< ufi "' • . *' gurc 

Digitized by 


^< give (9^ ^Q admir^e> ConCDaft toitluit of 

. ^ Diftaqcc;^ j^id Handipn ir at fi^40s^ 
** This Stttue had fomierly made. *.0t9,Vfeiy .to 
**^ /^Mtf. and was then. jpUcpd fh the Ckmui^ but 
M it had' boeo cdlarcd to (hn Gty» % the Jto\pder 
^ of which {Hpw/ pa^dt aod.^herc h6 wafi,w,Qf- 
•♦ tiwir tuciplariGpd, .~^,-^§9tpe Jiori- 

, «• qiiariao^ flatter tbcmfelvcs to have fpund. tfe,H?ad 
^ <H this yi«v upon * Medal of ^w^icrj, jow'dto 
•^ .Aatof bis^Stm-motbcr orJSifter. 

^ But \( this Head on the Coins of To^eias .tie 
<< doobMiql, chat .pf .%^^. on thofe of ^ijl^ 

,•• her Coumry b <u)C; For fiogi^ar Merit; as a 

.^ Pbeiicfi W nondered. her a Sort of Goddefs. ' Aod 
•* ainongthe Di vinitks of .evCTy Kind which adoroctl 
V the, (IS^Jifry. of f^^/ii^WK.ym more adnrriitd 

. f< than A. b»^ Status of Saffko^ by the cekbratetl 
*< Stato^ry^ SjJanioff.. . Nothing^ could be :rpor€ t?€r- 

. « fed. ^ ./^iwf had ro^bc^ the Prpa^tf^m ^trSjim-- 

•^ ^4jfr. of this, 4¥Qndcc/ul. Piece;.. . ^ , 

* -^— " Thefc Wi9re,ith^'.!principal Statues whi^ 
^ CrffTf iouQd in the. Caj^Irry ,of i^irfri, wH^ he 

.-*« went in. Quality of jbia Aocufcr to Jfcizebi? Pa- 
<• pers. Bqc Fetriim^ ^ofl^fied of a |r«t fP4oy 

; -*« the whoie Wqrid.w^ Ff!%?^ ^S hin),,-7f>r/:rr 

/* h^d.dcTOfitsd.&Ycral ^Sf^uiei with hi?|fri<?fi^.s* Aod 

>* hobadriWe^Pr.9fc^.tp!H^ 

M Value** .^itncfs tk^^pk^^ 
s^^ -*^ ofj Carinf^bi^n Mrsf^j ^.'isTor^^^^^iSvi^" To^fqwl 

*^i of "lic^ tiut it, ;w-}s, CflJTic;^ pi9«g, iw/t'h, .lj{pp| ^ ^heiy- 
• "« tiF^T heVw^na^,,yc;c9^^^ ^f^s %F5u^^- 
. ^ m<ait <:jut of his .Sighx^j^aa^ 

;^^ of: ks (ii^ttular ;J;J^utjf^;^T^6^ 

;>^ this Colkftipn^! f^jjic.was^ 

.H pniy fl\cwici^ it to |;d§ulaf F JK^ itho 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

^ikdkg.'^P^^^^ 1740. 44^ 

; '« 'Let u^ take a Viefw pt fomfe other CuriblUics m 

* <* the Gallery of fCerrei^ which wcfC, not thfc kaft 

\^< precious Part of thw Treaibre: t pat in this 

''^^* llahkricVcraHitUfe Vi^briei, fiich asweftcupo;! 

' "'-•« the Medals in thfe Hands df the Dftrfeiti^. And 

^•^' among others there Was a- very fitxe one which 

^^ Veriei had tiken oarof the Hand • Of a capital 

\ *« Statue of Veres kt Emm. There >rere fome'of 

' f« fvory . Verrei got tb^m tn an ancient Temjilc of 

' **• 7»w( upon the f rottiotixory of Maltii. :' It is prof- 

•« bably the fathe$^«*o we fee bn thfe^i^iij«^ Medals 

' <* of that Itland. — ^ ... .1 

' ^« A.liirgeVafeidorned'ai|)tehdid (Siyoh^talile. 

<«^It was the Workmanfliip tABa&tbus \'Caribagi^ 

, *<< nlM Attift.--4 He excelled in worktrtg' 6n Silver^ 

** wheAce it is probable this Vafe wa^6F^hat Metal. 

• -i*' -J- But tho' this Vaft #as very 'fitic, ' yet that 

^ ' juft by It was much tfl(A*e foj beiftg ' orie jprecious 

«^^ Stone adorned wiA the moft curibus'Workman- 

•«< ihtp;" This ftece' cimt frcmi thfe^^^a/, and fell 

<* into Ti^ff/'s Hands, yith the rith'Giridteftick 

« ive ihdl mentibh ittetwards;' ' ^ /' * 

' «* Theresas not & Houfcfn SiciJy't^^^ Faflii- 

^< cH,"-. which hl^driot a fervtce of Sillier Plate 

"^^ forthe Worihip of ks 'Hoiulhote-'(3ids,^ confift- 

^ ^< i^gGf Piftifra^ of all Sorts and ^i^s, and other 

r « rin^MS Utertfife for Offering*, liibiitfohs,' add 

^ *^ ptrfrntitng with Ihc^nfe and -oriier facred Ritei, 

^^m'y;atrtfife^^ were more vWhjaWeftPtlieir Work- 

f^' ^hft^^ A forrii'eir Mtalli^^^^^^erreij-'SLBiffcd 

^*^W t^b'GreW/iht dne^^^'Pimtef^-tHe vAir'^A 

^^;§{alfi%V'^h^ ^^^ 

'^'t^&%&, tjpah ii^h^ thrfr 'Country for ittfttnohs 


^V^ifl'^Mn^ a^dbtn ttiS<}kncry. 

Digitized by 


4^ ^"WoKks.ojTf^ t,EAknit).%rt.2Q. 


.,^..»«qTJi^^jf\i{^a!^ b3th..»:-i^rjit..ifi4?p»?n*MiS)ft the 

•<' NlatcrUls. Gooi..Xi(^jnv,WpNteeu»«fl»^.^aiid 

.*c^r4*^9V»f8 .W^MffiWlwifi^iYliW-. -T-hSP gold- 

if! effi-.mfn 95;.Wc^,i^<rig |i#<}:ft «rw>QtifH»^«ty. 

Y*vipr"!i^<= *^ifi4Ki'. %; iia!s^a*9^dyiKbtall to JJeeftfite, 

« Dcfign,J^^R9ajC^>^^9g<y/|fe%^wotk(^ ^him 

/♦» been- or^^^nally, jjwdpjqr^:|^8q[^.r^ " 

. ♦' Ptrgamffi. ,;4,Bd5feSi-p^ MQ«»tU«lB 9f«^ «•» 
> thing iqtc.ripr^9 |}wHn^j^^^Ris^a^f^ .«3ww^ Bft'P'e 
^« &one irom every Corner^ Vtrrts all the time of 

•« his 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


^^ '^1 

Qverbtneat. had keptManufa^tBie$ at «prk 

*♦ magnificent Ftimiture" '^V-*'^ ^.v^'i . 

*« Iri^tfctt 
♦« Head, 

i»tifmbtj r---".- _i A 

.' -*« r«rr« had fak«il'frb<ri*fe^G^& »f ASTent^ 
:w ^tei^^aftUuniber Sf liirgfe^NSfiliV dia'fidtdsof 

*» of ihisG*H6ryWf<h ihem. 'Th^'i^V %'')Sta- 
fsi: tiek 4« «afih Sid(* bf ^thfe<Satfe, ^^I'WiV #fefe btbUgfit 

« This QMteiij^i«»ilsqirifight«fff ,by'l^^fcfe| Wgni- 
^« &:ii^e)-a«lUilftA^AiJi^ p^iiidbirn/byii Candle- 

« ving been-dtfht^byOigWftiitife -a^ig/i/'e^^^ 
A< r^jo^b^ Ji^siiviihorai^rgr^NHpfilUfiCei . >nd 
r»^iilk^t««^frHi««8^tdtfty'^ir»iijydYi<HrU)i l%ni|j)6was 
'«^tfmf OAi^oM rasliftdtfie^flfeir-CW^i^l^f In 

Digitized by 


4S^ S^WcMftcs^TMrXiMiirfeo;^ 4it^2^ 

«« Mtum CO C^NMfriwmliS^r^ ^fimfWjp9fWjBoa%'''^ 

<« mndodJioi^ )ietfikofck^paDCtt#baxSigJir df '^ 

f< k, borrawedkandkept it v l Alo Vi - 

" Mr. i^ifMgiifirr«hds:tte JBhivfaiiob^ AdmwliMfc' 

Poofeie that Mif^MifitmU%Ji9ad'Aomt£^G}uSt^n 
neit of htt MprdbttiiMs. Th^ jM|s^ fafurdfarf M 

ij fine at4ici flBfq'lbie$it Btaciq^ib^ ost^ Mdoei; ^ 
not oDggeiMe^ be. wodd^fasMPti^iUSL t(uifiAa;.'fit^^^ . 
Tbftt thero ^jaa Jt9tfimtdti|UQ|^^ EMHciajB 0^ 
diofe PiecMi i wkkk were the Wprkn^iAipiof ^Ibch \ 

hnim^ and Fofyclefes. Anc} as for die oclms^' coa-* ^ : 
centtog^ iHe BcaUty ;of whieb iPd iiaye obiy Cki^^'S 
Word» Mfis iitimi^abfo toiiipptfe^/ be ^vrbkU^vitirT 
tmenti a&lfe^ A^jMrwnc of ibc^ tkm^ aa^^trf i^^^ 
#HHi might 'jm^ ^i witb^ : omv £y«4. . Ner waa 
thia illoftriaus Orator m4he]<i|ft^ttfiq^^ ^He 
i^9RndaMy.j0ifc«Sf^rom his4»m Wrk}n^%>ix> ikitm 
di« moft nice and atrcora^ JodgnMic with KtfoeA td. 
PinpforinMco^iof^ tbiaKaaua^ ^ '^ 

H|r»it$ nf$diin an^m'^^^xvfs^ dtoV^f^wy rca- 
f ioils lA. ks JKiiid> i$^ on a Sub^iMr lds^a|^eeab]e ^ 
cbwdiiOOi ^ foregokig DifieiUtiofi<^ffid^^^ ^ 
2if i^j NAy^ in tracb, the Maftai 'wbicb kr fpfiaki^ - 
4>f,3 tveM» ^oevaUy- 1^^ and'numy of^bemv^peq- ' 
fe^ly fiiocktog Thingiei^ ^ ifbeafv: Id imr hna^nt^ ' 
tk)ii. The Parfons^bibiiedfby tbeimon tiie^tnt ' 
prated 10 ibis Pieccy ini^ £]ch anvi^ir{>^^ ' 
na would gieatty difgufl^ ^^ sio^ttHrnfy\'a.'!infldci% ^ 
'Audience. ' 

MiJMirffo oUbrves^ ^e Tdpk he eha§ imdeff 
talwtt' iii new:' ♦* No P8rfbb'hav}ng4i<h»?t3»*B9^^ 
<• dJed it atctirafcly, and to the. B^ttdm/; i1?pr ;; 
^^ many luave mentioned Ma%$.H) Wf^mi^ ^rn'rA-, 

Digitized by 


At^-tp-Btp. '^EG JEM l^lii,- 1^4*- 453f • 
^« ikndy^yuid fi^jsyfitiaHy^ I bot :noiKr;hach fo tho* 
«« -nniffh^«xaai|ised '^e^accetva^ itoviet ic in adue 
<^'^L|^^ aadij^emiakttohn^asjd 1^^ tti|s 

*^ Part cJf Antiquity.' Ji t- 'j-' ''^^^^^ li ^ -•.•.'• ■- ^ 

onr^dtt!^ Hea^ 'h^bofit fi^ti^ I 

/^ 't^a.i!9tti wd i^ih of hW fmjfhhn^Oo. Bttt'^l 

bemg Jaffficientto gtVe iis^an adecjQaoe'Nokimi of^J 
them; lii hetoendtevdurt i»j^^fu|>f4y w iswatiemg^i 
inJibAceoatit, by Jajrtng befem 00 al^lM^li^ i 

able to m\\t& upofrtm 8i]|^ * 

AifAdrii' ; And'he^j^drmie^^widv^ ^ 

tricalJpjccKL-' ■ ■' -'^ '• ' ^ ' '*"^ '■' -• o 

^* /Aa the Anc5fcntiB bad jw ^cml thm dtfierent ^ 
«< SQfts'4rf.feeiikarp8qe^iM^ris^'fei''tiM^ three dff^^ 
*< feftrt/lteiidj ofJHays^ ^jbrhk^ tiagfcj^ ^M fctii* 
^* Yii^ it4fas but hatifvat ^ tfaem tO' tia^ Hkewife 
^^ iftflSsrcftt^Maim^ ^MfMitk^ fw cHeir^A^brs of 
<< liiefe ito*ee5^hda^er9ii;i3^K 
«^ Kind for their MoAdajis) and ^Meertf-i 4dd ^ ' 
<« ly^odcl of them is yet w be Jcenori^tteRewrfe; . 
*< X)fa MedaTofiVWi^ ob*iwKfch He it f epre&mfe^ 
♦< m 4 theatrical E^bitj '^Ithva ^Lyre*lii his HMd/ ' 
4< ^^.^^^Sbthbt theA'n«iltms4^ m gi&iie^t theeitrii 
«' carHs^ic^andM^bf fetr^ 'ftiitttdt6 
M their; cowhiCyitregiaiArirle, kud 6rch<ffttic Re- \ 

«^ in F\imi wd GheinAef, ^h«( (fife a»ftt>A£fcSri, 
<^ api^t»cd not-only ijifii^iii Mtny bdV Mtk of W' 
<^ ittfienfS^ISj^c^i adcoi^g t(» the' ®<ifli« of <lM 

^ fi65^:iheyiycpt^Dce(J'*-r^^ v -:^ ; • 

^WWlt<!»TWft)tlle|WD^ i#raU-that»fmtoJ 

thcAocients on^th%Hw4 DC coi^^^mcd ^ twQ. Chapters gf JW.' 
Acr; l«4w ihill'M?!ft/ffia7« bf kbl^-tofupjJly hii Dcfelfts; in rela- 

Digitized by 


454 TheWdjiKitifJiiL^AjMltp^ Ait.;^^ 

Of /*f Comk Kind. 
^ Though the HaUcs, in Cotnedf^ for Inftwce, 
** were not diflfercntfix>m thofeinottlinary tifc; stnd* 
<« tho* theMaiklufedinctetfJiir/VffrCtfMWdfj'fKrffcdljr 
M refimhled the Perfons reprefented ; yet in the niiddh 
^< C#iiirt5r they bcqinic very different from^ what t^^^ 
<« h^d fdrmerly been ; and in the new Comtdjf there 
^ is. noc the leaft Veftige remaining of tkdr firft 
«^ Form. The Law by which it is prohibked tO; 
^ mark out particular Perfons to View upon the; 
^ Stage, forced them to invent fuch ridicttlous, ab<- 
<« furd Maflcs^ as cmiM not be accufe^ ot be^g 
<» the fmalleft Likenefa to any humm Face. <-^ 

Of the Tf4gicKind. 
*^ This was carried further in Tragedy, bttt for 
^ another Reafon. All the Adiors had a gigantic 
^ Air : The enornoous Size of their Malks, t<^c- 
^ ther widi the exceflive Height of their Bulkit^^ 
«^ and their huge adventitioos Bellies, made fuch an 
<« uncouth ComlMnation of artificial MieniiberA,^ that^ 
<« the long training Habits peculiar to tbem^ were ' 
«« really neccffaj^y to cover it. And all this took its 
« Rife from a pftvailing Notion, that all the Heroes. 
«« of Antiquity, Tydeui alone excepted^ were of a 
«« preternatural Bulk and Stature. ^ 

Of the Satyric Xwrf. 
^' Now to thfs MifapprdieMlon of the firandnre 
<< q)[ Heroes, in the ancient Tim^, were joined 
^^ %U^ the other Abfurdities of FafaJe <in ^ iatyric. 
^< Pieces : For in thefe afipeared not only Giants* 
<« and Men of mooftroos Forms^ -^-^ but likewiie 
<• Silenm^ FiUfnus's^ atid &irjp^. ------*?Bycon(b- 

<« quence tfie Habits aadMaiks ofed tir sban^mqflr' 
*' baye been of a very pankular Sort, aod iq»ite 
^ diferent from all otbm } but befides the genetal 

. .^^ Dimqce 

Digitized by 


«< Diffitraioe^ bee«N^ tkf MaCtaifml HabiiH for 
«< JtqjMteMMm vof the vmsmTiiMi^^ have 
«^ boenrmaitioaQdr tlispi^ JMij^b^him boeOfaMiay 

f^ zsd Chai»^tecs4)f ,JPit1^^ .., . 

ip: the Sewdof thi».P^fc9ur|b 1 fV^mi(kig fomo- 
ihing ol, N|i^ in floi^iial (I mvi iWk only .of the 
Xbeaxie) ^ b(rg<ii$ byj<^iiringaat«» cbdi; QnigliH 

th^.^ii^aiw? (^ Yfhdt he. ban ^ ia4%fefCQpe to^ 
JPoint*,. :,;. ...... „ .. . > 

/^ Theatrical Maiks came Inio Ufe in the Tinae 
<' ofJSfiiyim ; tba(;i«^ 2^MM&;tM70tb Qtympiad. 
^' They wgiei%i6yy of tf<|%drpy<r^.;hacfiwered the 
^' i!irhi>I^.He»d» aAit^mfwe^^^ not oaly.^ Fb^ 
^^ imvs of ji^ JKiioe^r but. tbcidearri^ Eax^ Hair, ^od 
^' evm .i!^^-!ip Orwaaae/m m: a Woinaa's Ijead>- 
*« drcis. — ~Wc owiflt 9« hfiP»ier^ imi^^ that 
^^ #^ ^fc itte wi y? ^ feq>g 'K<3iia % forjc i&^<3ertain 
*^!£hi^ inopp ifery gradtta%J^<a^^ to their Per.- 
^' kG^., ^AU. Wrjte'ra ^pee» that « firft they 
*« ^r^ viiry i^qpfsrfojStf . Ai.fir(l tb^ A^Qrg^ <H»ly 
^S di%a^ t;hfinieix«s % pgJ-Hibing their Faces 
*' with the Lec« of Wiw*^— r^Xliey (X«KijMKJi fif- 
*< terward^ to make a fort of Maiks with the Leases 
<' of the Jfcm.'^'-.'^rrdxi %e» a&er firam^tic Poetry 
'Swit^fafOWi^a^ilMiManaUittP^iC^, tbtNecef-. 
>' ii^-t^ Ad:QKi4Qi^ fome Wayof 

^^ chaogWB fheir^iHgtti^ ^'fien in^ipp loftanc^ 
«' ;to ordoT/^ i«|^e&KP<|^oiW9Bs of difl^renc Ag^ 
<^»and C Nt t tfttfri, ^ then o^t contrii^ing the 
'' JNM>^*1»P*^tfc^o»*y*<l^ of.. «-~- r 

f^ W^fiWMtifwafely^dotimi^ by whom this^ 
«' .j[C{ads£^^!Mtf« «i9aiii9«|ed; yet the <Nanies of 
^' 4hirf& aw pMfeorfiBl to>:tifw »ha&ft i^c^adi^ 
*^ ^an^MII^ctibr Kind of them upon the Theatre. 

Hh •* It 

Digitized by 


'f^ Port l^it^fv^i'Vtfe^iSr^ 

.Hxtcnn, wbo.i^a^ cIvirgQd wii> tihi: Cii*-of ^^ 
.*^ Cbildxcn*.; Ic wa* -SiftQtus .t*o firft 'dared .rt> 
'^^ Mug u|>atiihe ScagCtdrmkeafyi^^^ his 
-• ktfCdpei^ : And ^ *as tw Aftoi; irf ^i^^r^* 
»* €i^Hod /Winr/8ir^ ' who.' wvdtted A^' cotiwe Maikk 

• <^ lor* KffJ^r and ta <J>«^,' -^4. jCjft^ijj^jif .«fodii^ 
J^' the lift €f hkkous'frigiitfid ^blii^% in * ki» Eump^ 

' << to add Serppmi- fa liieQfH iM^^fM^ W^^e jpqc a)- 

:«^ *#a^S'.Ti«ide. • of • th^ -ftme . Matcriali. The.: firft 

<|* imaite tJt the Sark^ef v^fffcs. ^--. Af»r Wards jfbme 

'*^ 'WfreihAdedf Ijc^Iw lined wfch Linen or 'feane 

' '^'^ SttfR •■» tbcfe Malks: fccifig cafely %ioilcd, 

^ ^ ^the^^rae^at foft <o m^e them Whc^y dF Wood, 

:>*^ lb* M»s of tht-Poefe r 

This \B the Sum of what M*Bain^hd& beeb 
; nUe t<k cjlfcoii^r coft^cmmg ?he Origin of^ Mafks^ 
- «{)d.(Bd(^'^Makri^ gtftW^K But in wdcr wk kAow 

th^^ty^eidf N^eflSy, w?,aiexo cohfidcr. the diffi- 

<mm Sowfr oftlf**! in- paif riciriar .; This is .a. TJi^ ^tter 
'^xikiilcrWiiitfiirhe Wfis^tiB know icts^not ea^ tQ gaib 

Mirirtte SftfeiSliadiOff. - 1 4^ye/hee fet.^^nJ^ 
' 'Pil&ge^flf W:tmt hc'haAfaii f»€Jaring ttwri?i&,. r? . 

• ^"iwwL, ^gicl,-^^ fetyrici and in faii ©efcriptioa 
' *< He gimes to tw^ Kmd.^^ inucb De^rjfri«y, a% it 

; . -? •♦ i^m ^ Jx>fl\bly-lwrcep£}bk (pf. ^r--. B^ic.' • t^V. : ^"^ 

• ^^^ upoff iviWfy jartckm . Mofium^nis^ Wblkspl",* ^uite 
• ''^^^ oppofitonForitt ;^<|:CI»r3fter^rVha^'i^ 
^^-''?*^*^»4jklfTh«4f!e*^ ^ agretfaj^le.yai^^ 

. -« %ucii divkled « toi What Ciafe "we "fiiwrd refer 

' - " them. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

^<«^ th|;fm. Some itnagiric them to te^Malks of tfe 

yf apqeitt Cbmcdy; -^ Bqt as there mail teyc bcio 

•''^iCQlmVGh^^ irt tlie^firft Maikis;' ro' givie Teilt 

i^ I to tlife yoTce ol flie'A'ftors^; acid ihck in Xjoeftip^i 

V^'^have none ; there IWmi'eo be no Qroumi S>r 

/^'thistJfpinion.'' Otficrli^fffiick bv tWs Ptaticulf- 

-7.^ rity,'haVe fa^icied thby. arc not'Malks,' bat Re- 

«' iirelCTtatbhs 6F>^r H^ being perfiiaded 

« flierc ^ra no theatric^ Malks without an opea 

♦* rvjouth. \^tU^ fc the very TWpg in Qucftion % 

•*^ aridfiefiHes, th^fc Heads fikve this dtftlngmffaing 

•^^ 'Oisu-aderMHtk 'of M*iks, the hkVing no Neck. 

^ ^< -L-L'Theti; Is* a third Semimenr ahoirf Aero, 

* *« *!nca*a!Io#s thfem itttjfeMaflcsi,biit ^iH not al* 
<rk>wthet^ t6'l!)i *aflrio^f bectfufetta^ haw 

•^ tKe€hafa6KjrTheyima^W''e rimtrical 

«< M^ffe, nartrty, <hfc •*rftle opening Mratb^ they 
^'ffi^ in oAcft.'' iuti^'fSncg the flaKs-riflicft and 
'<^erigfaved Stones qp^rt-'whidr dtcfrrMtfbs arc 
''«< ibiMd; hi^k^ ftUfhtf M^^Mftf-chv beft^Amiqui- 
f < ty, thi9 OtHnioit appetfrs>tb be no b«M- ^chuided 
^ than dje two fbrmiiri ^^ '^^iv^ va: . :i./i 

"^^ Bm ii we reAe(9r(Mi tft^^MT^ 

V f^ Atfthors fpeak cl a ^fieiardr ft(Mt;iofl'Aiaifii%>f^«--i 

*• thofebf the Damets\ Xftd ^X^ we iconiderv on 

'<< the c^erfaand, thae^hi fucb M[^$>dterew» no 

J > Ckca0orf forthfatlai*^ Oratuit' Whieb i^endored 

" ** the' Other^ 'To drfpr*«iSi, i^thdhe id 43au6 Cftrfihink 

y.Ili.ere ifi a!- Pafllg^ ^ I^¥i4$h^ quoted by 
<^^ M.'SoinMvy whlch^asbea^rohends; ieave^'not 
^•i the lip*^ r^^ to doUbc of this Matter;: It h in 

• y^ \S^' Djai^^e' m D^^hg^ Wht{r6,:t'after baring 
<< ipikenf of the U^line^i' of other Mifksi^iand of 

' *' Ait widi ISfotrt h tfi paWocilar <»temon toj them 

' ***'aff; fi^ftdrs ttt, that thtOfe of ^heiDinctw were 

'<* oP*il^uke';diflfel^t^^:^4ikey^^ baid none of 

S thei3|3fef<*fhitiei-r-.i^^l| iJ theFetoreiiuKyicftfon- 

• '-^i :-^. c.i; :iw ::.,j ^/..lHh.^:^i-.^L/-v ;i • .^' <ably 

Digitized by 


«« ably to this Cbfif chat w^tai^iti^ 
<< now under our Confideration. And we can no 
<« longer doubt, that there was, befides the three 
«< Kinds mentioned by Polliix^ a fourth, which 
«« they called Orcbefirk^ and fometimes mute 

* . «' put thb it jbot the ctilj^Oniiffion J^/fex may 
*« be reproached^ with upon me Subjed ^ Mafk^. 
<« Even of thofe which he mentions, there are three 
^< Sorts he hath not diftingjaiihed, which had how* 
** ever their different Denominations, ?rpoow7r€ior, 
*< uopfJioT^x^oTj yopytnmK Fbr dioii^ thofe 
*« Names were in JProoeft of Time o%^ to figaify, 
«< promrfoioufly, all Sortsof Maiks, yccitirpro«% 
^ bable that the Greeii firft^cm[dO|fed^ them todif- 
" finguifli three different Kinds. — — 

<« The firft and morecoiMAon Sove weneCdK^ 
«« which reprefented real Life, and they were pro- 
** pcdx denominated ^rp^mitmy- The two other 
*V Sorts .were not fo common; and hence it was 
** that the Term Tr^acwreu^v being more ufed, be- 
*• came the general Name for them aH. One 
<* Sort reprefented the ShadesLj and beiAg frequently 
4f empl<wed in Tragpdy, and having forftething 
•« frighrful. in their Appearance^ /the Cre<*i called 
^^ them iJspf49^uK€iPf^ The laft Kind were con- 
" trived on purpofe to terrify^, itnd only reprefented 
'* horrible Figures, fuch as Gorgons and 'Furies j 
** when they had the Name of 7 o/p/oy^o^.* — ; — 

There are fcvcral 'mhei* T^rticulars^ rcteting^ ti^ 
this Subjeft, ih * the Sequel* of 'this /Difliri?attetf^ 
worthy of die Reader^s Attcnrrbn, SvHJth I h^vc 
not Room to give any Specimen of/ 

' } 

Digitized by 




Ancients iPm'>P^' M'M^'^^-^^^^^ 
taprm-.tbeir Belief 0/ future Rew^s/ni Pj^^ 

A^ohy; an 4(fount 'i^:imj 4s dn^r»^} "^ j| 
Apion, a. few P«r/«:<^^«r*/'»?w/w«««»^^„;; »" 

Apollo,, >&x ^M/«<! d(fcrthe4^,..^ ^,. ,vvj/;;njti. 

Arts (PoUte) ivhenfirji '^!l'^^&±^^'''1^it 
Atheifm, an ^Jf^^^l'f^tt'^K.^^ nr .' • ,.;.,. 
Aurelius Viaor, aJbprtAcmnt vf m* . » 3 1 

C' i^&r: ( juUus> "Ut^OfC^ ^^f 

, MhtfulJnfir»maftrX^-T^]5-^f. <^ff '.f *? ^''£: 

Caaephorx, an jccouni of tbem, 447 

Cardan, /iwtf Refiea'ms on biiii^_ -, ^,f -^ : ■ 25 
Caffini fk-.) « Synods of bis Elements of JJrono^^ 

'"^^''' Hh3 ^^^^ 

Digitized by 


Ceres, $wo Statues ofjber defcrtked^ 446 

, Cy^m^omePflrtkuUfi/il^iwiy^^^ 
- ' Cities (devoted) tbe l^^i^etatifffif^ ifN^f^^4^4^ 

• ' trmt reed's^ /y ^^>>? ^ [Aerki^ l^Bqu^ ^r 
^ '^^ /iR/^ /0 £f; Treatment tfthi^arlkfi.'^c^^ 

^-* j^fexi^»,^//^$lSyTs>)|(J^SioJ^^ - 224 

^ Coins (Roman) 4;;! A^^ntofibem\ '^ 40a 
Conflagration (of the Earth) iejcribed^ 65. 7h^ 

: Coirsu iM/ oO^^ commended, 



/Cyrbpaedia (^ XenophonjL 4 i>|^ 

Kty {tbe Doarifieef) explanatory of the S^ 

thus rhaJarcus, ^recoraed as the'. Cirr4*PWv.-f'^f 

jpeyij, U^eai0isaiatnftms IS^ifienfei^wthJbetr 


I^jodorns^uftis, «# Jcco^nt ^ ittn^ *>Mf ^/f M- 
"■ CbaraBer ofhtf Huntings:, ^ :- , ., ^ 'I »€ 


Digitized by 


Pulropiuf^ naeutU^i,^ 




Forbes (i)r.) an\MiimiWinf/'^^)m^«f 

^. -^^^^^^^ r -" \ ) ^^^^?^ 

^rboduc, Rmaris (^ M^'Mmf^imri.pM 

^ Akwfldria, ibid. ^'''^'^■'^l/t£^lJ. 
/*# Jt^ar^W if it a0gtiedj ^39. ^Cy /*e PUMs, 
'■ ' • 250. 

Digitized by 


f «5o. PMvi io h the. M<8 of:D^tgn> 257- 
HcttbejaionofMatMrtmd' But cf an tm- 

\ftateriai Cafife,j^, , ^^ ri •.•.•-!. '? ^v, 1=1.07 . 

■*V" >. •••(•*. V- .^.-HV"-' •'' 

(d our Sa^ttUr*- i8shn%g&.\ • 7ik^<9>- tflikfrA- 
^ . ib' they acfuired them fei fortb,. i97-*20i.,c - 
•Herodo6js, Alrief.JttmH^.'tf him; i04...3Mi«-' 

ferim Merit tf bis Hilhty^Mk7y: * r r. 
Hiftory^ UsprinutkfiStaUamng,tbe-9amfmt Xfe, 
'M ■'.■"' .' ,^ ■»?... .• V. IH 

Hy perides, Hs Style cmiUfndeiy a.65, Hti wlx^ 

Catajiropbet 266. : 

INoeulation, Jbe Cbincfe W Turki(h A&i*orfj 
/A*r<^ iQ9. " Tixi9'^§jjftriei relatif^-^ t> Jhis O- 
» ffratiotti J 10., ■ ,.->.= -^' • ..■ .. ... » 
Inirfligencc (fi ibs fuprme Bmg^ argued firm, the 
'- .animal £i/<r, 351— 35^- ■P'«»» the AtiteiU^ud 
-■ J^owers if tbe bumaaNatuu^' ihid. . - \ , 
Johnfon (Siunud) at^JcioupU^MiSemmts^^p^i 
Jofqjhus, an^Accmnt cf f»m.aitdMi ffritix^i, ii8 
Ihsus, /(mfP P.M'ticMlart relatkg i« bimj . 265 
Ifocratts, /?« Aceeurtt (f him, 262 

Jupi:er Our.ic^ meatjoned^ 444 

Juftin, *w CharaSer, as a/Vriter, 13 ^ " 

;.-•. ..'....■ :-:^.;. :.u:. ■-, ..,.-. .. q ^- • 

LJElius, an Inji ante of Us Integrity '\ 269 
... ,Lx Mottc (Z)r. Chftrks) his Difert^iohs^ on 
[St.^ViUiYs Appeal to ,Caefar,' 79^7-9^; On the- 
■ iVflw^ of Chreftus.i» Suetonius^ 3 1 3 T 3 ^ 7* 
Lardner ("il^. Nathaniel) ^« jfcmia' of pe fecond 
^,Part 9/ /4«f T^cW Feiutue of Mi O-edibilify ^pf 
, .the Qj)(pel.^ift6ry, .219-23.^. ' Jris\pj^i}^ 

Digitized by 


coHcerm^ the J^t^ofi^MsJ^^ of the fecond 

- * Century; 231 . ytm cfthtSihylliiit Oracles^ 23^3 

JLacium (the Right of) an Illufiration of it^ 398 

Lwry, an Account of him coid. bis Writings^ 1 24 

Logarithms, a Synoffts of Mr, Martin'i , Treatife 

* iOftc&fUn^ them^ * ^ ^ ^ - ^ 4^9— *433 
Ldeiatrt, %s^mfrepr40aaiiw^9f.tbe}^t^mdC\xn^ 

• ftians^ ^^^ ^ '*.• » 3^5. 
Jj^dos ^Flofiis, iA*?yIy ^eharaSerifsd^ « 131 
Lucretius, /i&f AimMd Putprt of BiiH^id»^j 29. 

Hh CharaSer^ .34* • • - . ^ ^^ 

•LycUrgus, an excellent Orator and Mc^iftratCy 265 
L»y{l9Sy tbaraSlerifi^^ 26.1 

'Tiyf AN, his original State and Circum^ances^ 46 
IVx Matho, a Syno^fis of the firft Volume of a 
^Wdrk fo entitled^ "2 1 3 — 2 59 . ^Specinms of the, 
'Authdr's Style and Keafohing^ 239-^259. 
Matter, Affivity dfcribed toit^ 417. Ih ia^at'Sen/e 
it is /aid to be inaSUvCy ibid. l^^i^mediifelefSy 
419: •• • '^^ .^- ,• ^ . :r ... ^_\ . .-1 -. 

Mead f Z)r J &/j Library celeBrdted^ . - 440 
Mercury; Y^ntihStattteofhimmenHmed^ 4,4.6 
Microfcopes, the beft fort of them fpecified^ 115 

Mind (human) a Plan hwards a^ impleM Theory 

of it, ^7i'-i^9 

Mufick (of the ancient Romans) the Nature^ ofit\ 409 


ORatory, itsprijline State among the Greeks, 2 sg, 
the golden 4gc of it afftgned^ 2 66, The Caufe 
of its Declenjiorfj ibid, lis Revival infome of the 
ancient Pathers, 267. ' ' Its Condition in *the e%rly 
Times of the Rott\2Lns^ 268, ^e fecond Period of 
it among that People, 269. Its higheji Elevation^ 
271. ItsDecUnJion, 273., 
Ppticks, a noble and delightful Science, 202. An 
Account of Mr, Martfn^ treatife ther$oni2o^''2oj. 


Digitizefl by LjOOQIC 

X^Ajncfah «" 4ftf»m of » fort tf Ntvd'undtr 
r that me, ■' '*/.•' • ■• •■) i^'-'tm 

^i>A($U)ai$ Jnftam */ JbkPtfky,' ^^ < '• SH 
Pbon, an Amount of M% • - ■•'" ^--v-.^ 447 

^ericles, /|^ firif Imprpwrif Eieqtienft. mti^ the 
, Greeks,' ' ' •-■••-••• ^•■.•••^'.- ■ ••; •.-..w-.^tfio 

Pecronius Arbiter* Ui Chara&tt,' ■ ♦. - ' '^ -*■» 34 
Phil9« ^JS' w^«w»^;- -'" • ' i- .118 

^kocf^f tfffCaufe: vf tbffr Htvo^tm pttftrfile*fed, 
■ ■ ' ' ■• * -.?■'. ^ '-i^o-— <25? 
Pliny (ibf Zbtfi^J bU ^/tttmr^ sii4 CJ^^^er, 

'■'■ 274—281 

Plutarch, 4 CbaraOar tf bim ani if Ui ff^onks^ 1 2q 
PoIj^ias» 1^ \jlkemit ifjijan andm Wfi(«^4k n i 
'pNEfeAos Prxtorio, tpe ffPl£iitiu mii^^rttcq^a^fs 

' f^xcedeacy (oftht Ittih J^nn ^ Enj^V«J)i<i^j^, 

•• "" ; ■••'v- '•■••■''-^^VU••. .♦ .•:■ ..-, ,1^71^-4^ 
IVieftcraft, iffDtJbt^um^ 26. J[j Qr^i«,,< .,, 27 

• ,' / _';■■-■•■' '■■•■Ct:''''' '••• •.-■-■ .•■-■;'-•>: -v. 

■ '^^verattf-CrMlufef ^^-r-^^r' j^' hfol^iw of 
the fir^ltf tieml"' • -^ ..:.r;.,.-i .v. .^if^i^ 

• T> BiHpn,>w 'Rtj^^ikim'UilififiAiu^'ht-J^^. 

...i\.Migus,iiiG^d,., .. ^:. , .:...•.:.;'■"'" m 

; |ldi»rr«aip6 Y^," i:fl» iio'4yy4>rovid~fd hi'thj^'Emiia. 

. 4^*-<<fer i>^//tf^ Bapphefi of goW'M^i'' ■">f~78 

. ^-CvplsuciR^ .»/&?»« ^J^Mj^. ^fl*^?^ fbereio, 40. 

Ohjt^mite i<, , j^k'jDt'^'re&e^i'Oii Cmfuiations, 

"'■■'■' ^\ . ' ''*^'^3^~*55 

Digitized by 


-vs-^fi^'-rA •; -• •„ . ...... .. .. ,^9—'^^ 

fiVaimt^ Aft JlctUHni lof JbbrRr' jl^iirn: oiM (i^i^iir^. 
I j7 1 . 7 Atftr ^ckw/ . -Pc^^^ ^ 3 7?- ?'^^''' <*J^ 

' , 4^i(Jloms with refpeS to ffamiss^. 376,,^ fheir AU- 

V r«w* 378. "Tbe^iif^Mre ^d^lnMfituf'^pf their 

ir^HoufeSy intI?eearBerarjdiaigrj^^ 3^^^. JTi^ 

:• , rJbU^m in Sa^f^e^iind^fat^ y%fjt 

. t. Cknmdogy^ 583^:- vi**^^ Mffaficrel dnS Weiibi^^ 

384. TAWr Immunities^ ,^x . , SCli^X ^^P^l 

during an Snterr^gnum^ 295. STZvir Funiral C4^ 

SA<i\B(xs1(buinan)fajlfy,/tttt^ttdM % Jeyrilh 
T>i/pefifai}^n;' - ' v », - " \ \' .-; , $^4!^ijp 
SttHuft, i&/i CharaBer^ ' :^ :. . V »23 

Seneca, cenjkred as the Depraver of the Roman kio* 
quencfiy ^ ' *, : . ayj 

Serapion (Bijho$ ^/ Antioch) ^ covfideraUe fHrk vf 
his mentionedj T-t^^r^flfirec Remarks ona.I¥ag^ 
• *^ibid.^ "'/'*? .' "' ( ' " '^'' \ 

Slaves, Vi^ Romah" Zitt^; 'i?)?ii PrMek relatinfto 

SixidWi^Tii^^n Aaotfnf of J)r. Hillary's Prailical 

'm > . .- . . Mftknown to the. Jn^ienfSy 29^:^ indi^mnts 
^ tpt Arabu, Jbid; 4i^ief iTfc^ryjMb itf Otfgin^ 

-•^. "^ ♦^^' ; "; '■' V '^ y- ■-' .';'S ,: - , 503-^340 

' Soul^\^>f Ohje^H ^a^Mftyifr Jhmaferiaiitx^ ' 4! i . 
' Anjkxwrtd^ ibid. "^ A 'DiptuUj ret^fifiji; io tins 
. Point ref?Hroed^ 422 v' 

- *Tbe Prirkt^le iijHinJi^lStf tW faii Compntatum js 
- •• founded^ 

Digitized by 


lie IV X) EX: 

Spiriu (miniftring) Jrguments for tbdr Exifim$e^ 

; 424 

Subftance (immaiertal) bow to acquire an Idea pfit^ 

Suetoniusi Some Cireumpanees of bis Life^ 131. .A 
• CharaHer of bis ff^ritingSj ibid. 
Sulpitius, mentioned as an Orator^ - vji 

Sun (thi) one.Reafon for Us mai Mapiiiuie^ 255. 
^ An univirfal Argument^ proving it to be the Centtr 

ofour'Syfiem^ 255. . . . : - 

Superftition, its Definition^ 26.. Its Derivation, 27 
Sykts (Dr^yan Ahfiraa of Part of bis ConneSim of 

Natural and Revealed Religion^ . 133 — 156. .189 
T> —20.1 

TAcicus, an Account of bim^ {is an Hifiorianr 
" I a 8.. Branded as a Blunderer ^ 32^ 

Talbot (Lord) an Introduaion to, his Life^ gy — 103 
Tenes, Ins Statue mentioned^ 448 

iXertuUian, divers Paffages relating to him^ 226 — 
2^1. • ftbc^'f^aluablenefs ^ bis Tejlimony to the 
Scriptures of the New Tejidmentj 230 

Thinking, the genuine Ends of if fpecified^ , 427 
Thucydides, ajbort Account ofbimy 105. A Cam- 
par ijbn between him and Herodotus, 107 
Turnbull. CZ)r.^ m Account of bis franflation of three, 
Dijfcrtations, 446 

I Nchangcablcnefs (of God) demonflrated^ 366 



WAtts (Dr. I&ac) an jccount of a Treatije at- 
tribuied to bim, en the Ruin and Recvoery 
of Mankind^ 37—6© 

■ X" . 

XEnof^wn, fme Particulars rdating ti binty 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by